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Aust, Indonesian relations face further strain

Aust, Indonesian relations face further strain

Reporter: Geoff Thompson

HEATHER EWART: Welcome to the program. Those stories shortly, but first, Australian Bali bombing
victims are outraged at an Indonesian court's decision to overturn Abu Bakar Bashir's terror
conviction. Their fury has been sharpened by a threat from the militant Indonesian cleric to sue
for damages. Federal Police Commissioner Mick Keelty said today he had no doubt Bashir was guilty
of conspiracy in the attacks. 202 people, including 88 Australians, died in the bombing in 2002.
It's a bad end to an already tense year for Australia and Indonesia. The two nations have struggled
to appear united in the fight against terrorism and the relationship was severely strained when
Australia granted asylum to 42 West Papuan refugees. The ABC's Indonesia correspondent, Geoff
Thompson, looks back at 2006.

GEOFF THOMPSON: For decades now, Australia and Indonesia have been described as having an up and
down relationship. The last 12 months haven't proved to be any different. At the Santa Ana church
in Jakarta, Catholics celebrate mass at the end of a relatively peaceful year in Indonesia. But,
here, Christian worship has not always been so serene. On Christmas Eve six years ago, bombs
exploded in churches across the archipelago, killing 16 people and injuring 96. When a device
exploded at this very spot in Santa Ana Church, Bernardus Setiawan was sitting nearby. He lost a
leg.

BERNARDUS SETIAWAN, BOMB VICTIM (TRANSLATION): The bomb was in front of my friend. I didn't know it
was a bomb, I thought it was just a regular package. Suddenly, it was around 7:05, the bomb
exploded.

GEOFF THOMPSON: To date, at least, this is the first year since the 2002 Bali bombings without a
major terrorist attack against western targets in Indonesia. An April raid on this house in central
Java failed to catch Indonesia's most wanted terrorist, Noordin Muhammad Top.

SIDNEY JONES, INTERNATIONAL CRISIS GROUP: You can never be complacent that the problem is gone for
good. I think the police have succeeded in weakening the networks but as long as someone like
Noordin Muhammad Top is alive and well and free, I think there's a serious problem and I think
there's always the possibility that new groups can emerge and that individual bombers can undertake
their own attacks.

GEOFF THOMPSON: Abu Bakar Bashir was freed this year, after serving less than two and a half years'
jail for endorsing 2002's Bali bombings. The hardline cleric's fondness for goading Australia
remains undiminished. "If John Howard wants to be safe and avoid going to Hell," he said, "I
suggest he convert to Islam". Now Indonesia's Supreme Court has forgiven Bashir, clearing him of
any involvement in the 2002 Bali bombing or the attack on Jakarta's Marriott Hotel in 2003, saying
there was not enough evidence to convict him. While Bashir considers seeking compensation, the
court's decision has been condemned in Australia.

SPIKE STEWART, BOMB VICTIM'S FATHER: We're disgusted, really are. I've been talking to some people
just in the street, and they just cannot believe what's happened.

GEOFF THOMPSON: The Bali Nine were convicted of heroin smuggling in February and successful
prosecution appeals saw four sentences given the ultimate increase. Six of the nine are now on
death row.

DEWI FORTUNA ANWAR, FORMER INDONESIAN PRESIDENTIAL ADVISER: I think Indonesia's court position
regarding crimes associated with drugs have always been consistent. It's always been death penalty,
regardless of nationality.

GEOFF THOMPSON: The eldest son of Indonesia's former dictator, Tommy Suharto, was freed after
serving just five years for ordering the murder of a judge.

SIDNEY JONES: There's no question the legal system here is a shambles and there's no question here
that people can buy verdicts, they can buy almost anything, including early releases.

GEOFF THOMPSON: Schapelle Corby is awaiting the outcome of her appeal against a 20-year sentence
for marijuana smuggling. She claimed again in court this year that someone else put the drugs in
her boogie board bag. It was Papua which dominated debate between Indonesia and Australia this
year; when 43 Papuans came ashore in Cape York, the bilateral relationship collapsed to its lowest
point since the East Timor crisis of 1999. When Indonesia's ambassador to Canberra was recalled to
Jakarta, John Howard tried to alter Australia's asylum laws so that all future arrivals on the
Australian mainland would be processed offshore. With the Senate certain to reject the changes, the
Prime Minister backed down, but not before smoothing things over with the President Yudhiyono on
the Indonesian island of Batam.

JOHN HOWARD, AUSTRALIAN PRIME MINISTER: We recognise and support Indonesian sovereignty over Papua.

GEOFF THOMPSON: This year, East Timor too confronted its greatest crisis since 1999. When civil war
simmered, Australian troops returned to restore order, while besieged Prime Minister, Mari
Alkatiri, refused to budge.

MARI ALKATIRI, EAST TIMOR PRIME MINISTER: In 2007 we will have a general election. Let us see who
will win in this election.

GEOFF THOMPSON: The death squad scandal forced his hand, and Jose Ramos Horta took over the reins
of the troubled former Indonesian province.

DEWI FORTUNA ANWAR: There are endemic problems in East Timor which would take place regardless of
which big country is in charge in East Timor. The birthing pain seems to be lasting much longer
than one would have hoped for. I think Australia will also see that there are real problems.

GEOFF THOMPSON: The meltdown over Papua was all but forgotten by the year's end, when Australia and
Indonesia patched up their differences with a new security agreement dubbed the Lombok Treaty.

ALEXANDER DOWNER, AUSTRALIAN FOREIGN MINISTER: When people study the diplomatic history of
Australia and look at the way we have engaged with our immediate neighbour, Indonesia, one of the
key events will be the 2006 Treaty of Lombok.

SIDNEY JONES: The Australian Indonesian relationship is always going to be volatile. No matter how
good it seems in a particular moment, it can always plummet, particularly if some incident arises
which has a connection to Papua, and it can always recover because Australia is a large neighbour
that Indonesia has to live with.

GEOFF THOMPSON: The enduring volatility of Indonesia's archipelago also featured this year. In East
Java, a mining operation involving Australian company Santos turned in to a mud volcano which has
already displaced 7,000 people and shows no sign of stopping. Some blame that on May's massive
earthquake in Jogjakarta. It killed 6,000 people and damaged more houses than the tsunami did in
Aceh. A happier Christmas this year for that staunchly Muslim province. A peaceful poll this month
directly elected the former GAM rebel and tsunami survivor, Irwandi Yusuf, as autonomous Aceh's
Governor. The challenge ahead is to avoid falling out with Jakarta, while successfully integrating
former fighters to secure the hope of all Indonesians that after 30 years of war this peace will
hold.

Campbell rejects rock art heritage application

Campbell rejects rock art heritage application

Reporter: Heather Ewart

HEATHER EWART: Geoff Thompson. Federal Environment Minister Ian Campbell has rejected an
application for emergency heritage listing of WA's Burrup Peninsula, an area covered with thousands
of examples of Aboriginal rock art. But the peninsula is also at the heart of development
associated with the West's resources boom. Woodside Petroleum plans to build a massive gas
processing plant on part of the peninsula, a proposal that's angered those who believe that
protection of the rock art should be paramount. Even though the Minister has rejected emergency
heritage listing, he is trying to achieve a compromise that would protect the art and allow some
development. Kate Arnott reports.

KATE ARNOTT: The Burrup Peninsula is a rugged outcrop about 1,600 kilometres north of Perth. It's
only 27 kilometres long but it is a hub for some of Australia's biggest resource projects, as well
as home to what's believed to be the world's earliest recording of Aboriginal life. Among the red
rocks scattered across the peninsula are etchings that tell the tale of a people who have lived on
this harsh terrain for more than 30,000 years.

WILFRED HICKS, WONG-GOO-TT-OO WEST NGARLUMA ELDER: The European people, you know, they go to
church. This is our Bible that's on this land here.

KEN MULVANEY, AUSTRALIAN ROCK ART RESEARCH FOUNDATION: The rock art of the Burrup basically tells a
story from the Ice Age until the present, from when the Burrup was an inland set of mountains to
them being a set of islands.

KATE ARNOTT: The carvings depict animals, symbols and people and Wilfred Hicks, elder of the
Wong-goo-tt-oo West Ngarluma people, remembers his grandfather telling him the stories that
accompany the rock art. He says, for his people, it is a spiritual guide handed down over
generations.

WILFRED HICKS: No matter what we try and do, it's the Minister is the one who's got the answer. We
could sit and cry day and night and they'll just turn around and say, "There's only black fellas.
We'll just go straight through them. We want this project to go ahead. We'll go straight through
it." And that's the way it's happening.

KATE ARNOTT: Archeologist Ken Mulvaney, who is President of the Australian Rock Art Research
Association, says the collection of rock art on the Burrup Peninsula is the most abundant and
important in the world.

KEN MULVANEY: The artistic detail again is part of what sets the Burrup apart and the sheer number,
like we're surrounded by thousands of engravings here, on all sorts of surfaces. Some vertical
surfaces, very clearly visible, others on surfaces that are hard to see, images large, images that
are small. The whole range and, really, it's those features that make the Burrup unique.

KATE ARNOTT: But the wealth of the Burrup Peninsula is not limited to Aboriginal culture. It's also
the site of Australia's biggest fertilising plant. The local port is the busiest in Australia,
distributing millions of tons of iron ore around the world, and the gas processed on the peninsula
supplies the nation's biggest export deal.

FRED RIEBLING, WA LABOR MP: Well, if it wasn't for this particular area we wouldn't be experiencing
14 per cent growth in the West Australian economy and you wouldn't experience about 4 per cent
growth in the Australian economy. In fact, if it wasn't for this area, the rest of Australia would
be in decline.

KATE ARNOTT: The pressure of this growth is bearing down on the Burrup Peninsula, with Woodside
Petroleum already in the surveying stage of its giant Pluto gas processing station. Costing between
$6 billion and $10 billion dollars, the project is forecast to inject $50 billion into the
Australian economy over its life. In a statement to the 7:30 Report, Woodside said it planned to
develop just 1 per cent of the Burrup Peninsula.

WOODSIDE STATEMENT: "Woodside's intention is to destroy no rock art... the design of our facitlities
has been modified to ensure heritage sites are avoided wherever possible. As a result, 95 per cent
of the 3,000 engravings on the Pluto leases will be undisturbed by the development. Woodside will
relocate around 150 engravings to undeveloped areas within its leases."

KATE ARNOTT: Those who want to preserve the art see world heritage listing as the only way to
protect it from encroaching industrial development, but the West Australian Government is squarely
on the side of industry.

FRED RIEBLING: We've dreamt of this area becoming the most important industrial region in the
southern hemisphere for 20 or 30 years, you know, and finally the realisation's starting to happen.

KATE ARNOTT: Local State Labor MP Fred Riebling describes the area as the engine room of
Australia's economy and warns the consequences will be dire if development is stymied.

FRED RIEBLING: I fear a decision that major companies that are looking at investing billions of
dollars into the Western Australian economy will take a back step and look at other alternatives
for their investment dollars and that will be a disaster for not only the West Australian economy
but for the entire Australian economy.

KATE ARNOTT: Having ruled out an emergency listing the Federal Environment Minister, Senator Ian
Campbell, is now considering changing the legislation to grant heritage listing but allow some
development.

SENATOR IAN CAMPBELL: My job is to try to create a balance, try to get the long-term protection the
rock art deserves, the long-term management plan, but also to ensure the LNG industry can expand. I
have to work for the balance. Will I be able to keep everybody happy? Highly unlikely.

KATE ARNOTT: Whether Senator Campbell opts to nominate the site for inclusion on the national
heritage list or not, it's unlikely the issue will end with his decision.

Ashes series brought back to life

Ashes series brought back to life

Reporter: Tracee Hutchison

HEATHER EWART: The shock retirement of Shane Warne on the eve of the Boxing Day Test has certainly
brought the current Ashes series back to life, with crowds likely to swell to record levels at the
remaining two matches. As it stands, the existing crowd record of 90,800 was set at the MCG in
1961, during the fifth and final Test against the West Indies. Tracee Hutchison spoke to two men
who experienced that historic day from very different perspectives.

PETER FRENCH, MELBOURNE CRICKET CLUB: I guess the crowd was the unbelievable memory for a
10-year-old boy, especially because the gates didn't open till about 9:00 and so the build up of
people on a Saturday morning coming down here, no reserve seats, stretched back for quite a while.

COLIN MCDONALD, FORMER TEST BATSMAN: We came here with the series level, one game all and a tied
match. So it had all the ingredients and the crowd a bit like the current series, England holding
the Ashes the West Indies series had all the emotions. The day itself was marvellous because the
West Indies batted on the Friday and we had them 8 out at stumps so we only had to get two more the
next morning and I know that the Secretary of the Victorian Cricket Association was expecting a
crowd of about 50,000 and I understand that the queues snaked back past the Richmond football
ground.

TRACEE HUTCHISON: Former Australian Test batsman Colin McDonald has a unique memory of the record
crowd that flocked to the MCG on Saturday February 11, 1961.

COLIN MCDONALD: Well, I walked out with my opening partner at that stage, Bob Simpson, and we, you
know, left the dressing room not realising that there were so many people in the ground. We were
looking forward to a good day and perhaps 40,000 or 50,000 people cheering us on. When we got out
here, you know, the ground absolutely jam packed with standing room only, it was wonderful. Because
every cricketer dreams of playing in front of such a crowd. This 91,000 were absolutely marvellous.
They were cheering every run, they were groaning every time I didn't play a very good stroke. It
was marvellous. One of the most marvellous days of my life.

PETER FRENCH: This game just captivated us all. I can just remember colours and having a seat near
the aisle where the players came up. I'd come with my aunt and I was on a ladies' ticket and the
crowd and the noise and the excitement of the series.

TRACEE HUTCHISON: MCC executive Peter French was just 10-years-old on that record day.

PETER FRENCH: I think we always like seeing Australia bat and Simmo and Colin McDonald didn't let
us down. I think they put on 100. That's one of the memories I have, of Wes Hall bowling very fast
and Simpson- McDonald standing up to them as they did.

TRACEE HUTCHISON: But it was the great Sir Gary Sobers who took McDonald's wicket just nine runs
shy of a century.

COLIN MCDONALD: I was plumbed. I wanted desperately to make 100 and when I got out for 91 I was
most unhappy. So when I got off the ground and thought about it, now how am I going to recover from
this? I thought, well, there's 91,000 people here and I made 91 and for the rest of my life I can
say I made one a thousand on the MCG. I have dined out on it, I've got to tell you.

TRACEE HUTCHISON: Forty-five years later, the new look MCG has an increased capacity and is primed
for a massive Boxing Day Test. While the allure of that tied 1961 series and legendary players on
both teams set up that big Saturday record crowd, the chance now to see Shane Warne play in his
last Test match in his home town here at the MCG must surely guarantee that crowd attendance record
will be broken. Warne's retirement at the top of his game has spiced up what was a dead Ashes
series.

TRACEE HUTCHISON: Is Shane Warne part of the attraction for you?

FAN: Absolutely. He's been a fantastic player. He's an absolute phenomenon for the game. It will be
a sad loss when he moves on.

FAN: Best player to play the game for the last 30, 40 years, I think. Most important player, let's
put it like that. He's a legend, no doubt about that at all.

FAN: Wouldn't miss it for anything. I was even here back in the early 90s when he took his hat
trick on the final day. I'd just come in. There was only a couple of thousand people here. For me,
I suppose, Melbourne crowd, MCG, it's going to be big.

COLIN MCDONALD: Warne, of course, is the greatest bowler of all time fast, slow, anything. The
greatest of all time. I'm very happy to say that.

COMMENTATOR: Got him! Shane Warne.

TRACEE HUTCHISON: And while most of the attention will be on Warne as he bows out of international
cricket, others will have a keen eye on the attendance board.

TRACEE HUTCHISON: With that the crowd attendance record likely to be broken, Colin, do you feel a
little bit of sadness that perhaps your chapter in history is about to close?

COLIN MCDONALD: No, it's not sadness. I'm delighted the game of cricket, the game I love, can
attract so many people. I won't be sad.

Waugh draws inspiration from ill fan

Waugh draws inspiration from ill fan

Reporter: Natasha Johnson

HEATHER EWART: Tracee Hutchison with that report. When former Australian cricket captain Steve
Waugh talks about who inspires him, he nominates Nelson Mandela, Mother Theresa and a teenage
cricket fan named Matthew Dean. The 15-year-old Victorian has undergone 87 major operations due to
complications from fluid on the brain and has spent much of his life in hospital. The cricket
legend and the teenager have been friends for seven years, one inspired by the other's battle for
life. Now, surgery at Melbourne's Royal Children's Hospital has unexpectedly transformed Matthew
Dean's life. Natasha Johnson has the story.

SUE O'CONNELL, MOTHER: Over the years we've been told that he might not make it. There was one year
where we were told to bring the family up and get everybody there, and we did, and for days we just
sat there and constantly talked. I remember my brother in law talking to him about Steve Waugh and
it was the first time Matthew opened his eyes.

MATTHEW DEAN: I think of Steve Waugh all the time. He's in my blood. I said to him a couple of
years ago, "You're like a father to me."

STEVE WAUGH, FORMER AUSTRALIAN CRICKET CAPTAIN: I feel the same way about Matty. I feel like he's a
son of mine. I just feel happy and content when I'm around Matty because he gives off an absolutely
- there's a positive aura about him.

NATASHA JOHNSON: Since his birth 15 years ago, hospital has pretty much been home for Matthew Dean
and he's about to undergo his 87th major operation.

MATTHEW DEAN: Always nervewracking but I know that I can push through. I've pushed through so many
times over 15 years and hopefully this one could be the last.

NATASHA JOHNSON: He came in to the world three months early, suffering fluid on the brain. In the
years since he's suffered numerous unexpected complications from the shunt, or drainage tube, put
in to relieve pressure in his head. He's the most difficult case his long time neurosurgeon,
Wirginia Maixner, has encountered.

WIRGINIA MAIXNER, ROYAL CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL, MELBOURNE: He's in the unfortunate end of the
spectrum. Shunts are treacherous things, to say the best. You can have someone who's had no
problems in 20 years and someone who's had 20 problems in one year. Matthew in his little short
life has had numerous problems, more than most children his age would have gone through.

NATASHA JOHNSON: It's a condition that's been at times life-threatening, constantly
life-disrupting. When something's gone wrong, Matthew Dean has endured excruciating headaches which
strong doses of morphine couldn't ease.

MATTHEW DEAN: It was like a sledgehammer hitting you in the head 50 million times. It was so
painful that I couldn't even sit up.

SUE O'CONNELL: They're not headaches we would suffer. They are 20 times stronger than a migraine.
He can't do anything. He just lays there and cries. He can't even just lay still. He has to
constantly be writhing around the bed holding his head. It's horrific. Absolutely horrific.

NATASHA JOHNSON: But over the years his family has come to regard him as the boy who smiles through
his tears, reviving a cheerful outlook after every distressing relapse.

SUE O'CONNELL: He went through stages where he said, "Mum, I just want to die. I don't want to do
this any more. I don't want to have any more operations, just let me die." He would say that. Then,
you know, he's just such a good kid. After it he would give you a hug and say, "Sorry, mum, I
shouldn't have said that." He's always been the strong one and, you know, when you feel like your
heart's breaking and you look across and he gives you that crooked smile, he's my strength.

MATTHEW DEAN: I try not to think about the negative stuff. I try to look at all the good stuff
that's happened in my life.

NATASHA JOHNSON: The good stuff has been a fanatical love of cricket and an extraordinary
friendship with former Australian captain, Steve Waugh, who's been a constant presence since a
meeting at Melbourne's Royal Children's Hospital seven years ago.

STEVE WAUGH: There was something special about him. He had that sparkle about him. Even though he
was seriously ill, he had an infectious personality and you could see something shining through
from him. He was very courageous and had that aura about him.

NATASHA JOHNSON: It could have been just a brief encounter with celebrity but Steve Waugh followed
up with free tickets to the cricket and an invitation to spend Christmas lunch with the Australian
team. Since then, Steve Waugh has kept in constant phone contact and been a regular visitor to
hospital.

SUE O'CONNELL: He's made all the difference, he really has. He's, as I said, given him the strength
to get well, to carry on and, you know, he's given him another focus that's not related to the
hospital, not related to illness.

NATASHA JOHNSON: He flew Matthew Dean to Sydney for his final Test match and the launch of his
autobiography.

STEVE WAUGH: He goes through life, never complains, never whinges.

MATTHEW DEAN: I do sometimes.

STEVE WAUGH: You might want to take over.

MATTHEW DEAN: I said, I've got to admit, I do complain sometimes. The whole media just started
cracking up laughing. I reckon that's the best highlight I've ever had with Steve. That's just
amazing. Funny as.

NATASHA JOHNSON: Earlier this year Steve Waugh was actually having dinner at Matthew Dean's home
when he got news his wife Lynette had collapsed with a brain haemorrhage. The teenager knew more
than most what she was going through.

MATTHEW DEAN: I said, "Make sure you rest. Make sure she's in bed." Ever since I've been ringing up
saying, "How's my favourite patient?"

NATASHA JOHNSON: The cricket legend says he used the teenager's courage as motivation for a
remarkable comeback from injury during the Ashes tour of 2001.

STEVE WAUGH: I said, "How would Matty Dean approach this? What attitude would he take in to getting
over this injury?" 18 days later I made myself available for the Test match and got 157 not out. I
think without the input or inspiration of Matthew, I don't think I would have played that Test
match. That would have been one less Test hundred I made.

NATASHA JOHNSON: When he speaks about who inspires him, Steve Waugh nominates Nelson Mandela,
Mother Theresa and Matthew Dean.

STEVE WAUGH: He's doing it tough but not complaining. He's just getting on with life and making the
most of it. So - they're the type of people who inspire me.

MATTHEW DEAN: I didn't even know who Nelson Mandela and Mother Theresa were. I wouldn't rate myself
up there but for Steve to actually say that, you know --

NATASHA JOHNSON: Six months ago Matthew Dean was seriously ill again. Doctors discovered the major
veins in his neck had collapsed as a result of the extensive shunt surgery, causing a painful build
up of blood in the brain. Cardiologist Geoff Lane inserted tiny stents through a catheter to reopen
a vein. It was unprecedented surgery and the results exceeded expectations.

GEOFF LANE, ROYAL CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL, MELBOURNE: He's had a dramatic, almost miraculous recovery
and he's now symptom free over the last six months.

WIRGINIA MAIXNER: It's extraordinary. There's no other way around it. We have never done that
before in a child and we have never done that before in a child specifically for this condition
with these shunt problems.

NATASHA JOHNSON: It's meant he's been able to return to school, is enjoying a rare Christmas out of
hospital and preparing for the family's first holiday in 15 years.

SUE O'CONNELL: This Christmas is planned. For the first time in 15 years, we've planned Christmas.
It just seems more enjoyable this year than any other year because we haven't had the stress of
Matthew being sick hanging over all of our heads.

NATASHA JOHNSON: For Matthew Dean, the greatest gift has been a return to the cricket field. Last
Saturday he scored 11 runs, a personal best which helped his side towards its first victory of the
season. Like many a young cricketer he dreams of playing for Australia, but simply being able to
play is already a dream come true.

STEVE WAUGH: I want to see him grow up to be an adult, to have a family and finally say, "I'm not
having any more operations."

MATTHEW DEAN: I haven't had a normal life like a normal kid but now I should be able to do what a
normal kid does.

HEATHER EWART: He's an inspiration to us all. Natasha Johnson with that report. That's the program
for tonight and the week and that's it from me. The 7:30 Report is back on Boxing Day with Scott
Bevan in the chair. Thanks for your company over the last fortnight. I hope you have a really
wonderful Christmas. Goodnight.