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(generated from captions) This program is not subtitled This program is captioned live. No more Gallop - blaming depression. WA's Premier resigns, back on the agenda. Identity an issue - ID cards of the solar system. NASA trying to unlock the secrets Dokic defeated And Venus vanquished, on day one of the Open. Good evening. with ABC News. Juanita Phillips often bandied about, Political bombshell is a term today's shock resignation but there's no other way to describe in Western Australia. from the State's top job Premier Geoff Gallop is walking away at the very height of his power.

that's the talking point. But it's why he's going There's no political intrigue or scandal - Mr Gallop says he's resigning by thousands of Australians - because of an illness suffered depression. of a new working year It was meant to be the start after Christmas holidays, for Geoff Gallop

but he took everyone by surprise with an announcement that he was quitting politics. to inform you today It's my very difficult duty for depression. that I'm currently being treated colleagues, Dr Gallop said Flanked by family and cabinet because of his health and family, he'd made the decision

and he needed time to recover. is a very debilitating experience Living with depression in different ways. which affects different people many aspects of my life. It has certainly affected Gallop's 20th year in politics. This year would have been Geoff As a Rhodes Scholar, with British PM Tony Blair. he became close friends at Oxford He was elected WA Premier in 2001.

he was re-elected last year. After a relatively untroubled term of his depression, There'd been no public signs and only one year into a four year term, would lead Labor it was expected Geoff Gallop in 2009. into the next election all the more difficult today What has made this announcement I love my work. is that I love being Premier, Dr Gallop's colleagues expressed shock. on that veranda there I mean he was sitting before he went to England, about a week or so so absolutely chock full of joy of weeks with his mates in England, at the prospect of a couple including Tony Blair.

problem of depression Groups that work to highlight decision to talk about his illness. have also applauded Doctor Gallop's in educating the community It can play a very important role can happen to anyone. that these illnesses Depression does not discriminate at any time. and it can affect anyone Eric Ripper, Geoff Gallop's deputy, Caucus votes on a new leader. will take over as Premier until Joanna Menagh, ABC News, Perth. have opened the new year Here, the political adversaries in unusually aggressive style. Back from his summer break, let fly the Premier, Morris Iemma, Peter Debnam at Opposition Leader the Government is soft over his claims that on Middle Eastern crime gangs. riots still fresh, With the memory of the Cronulla his first day back at work Morris Iemma started 50-strong riot squad. inspecting the State's new Peter Debnam He also had the Opposition Leader so-called ethnic crime and his comments on in his sights. anything just to get a headline, This is a bloke who will say he is a leader under siege and that is because in a party at war.

he won't back down. But Peter Debnam says I'm not going to be intimidated by any police minister, any premier, any police commissioner. he's reflecting community concern Mr Debnam says

made over the revenge attacks that few arrests have been which followed the Cronulla riots. He says a form of political correctness is to blame. this issue every day I'm going to keep raising Middle Eastern thugs until those couple of hundred are behind bars. law breakers will be pursued Morris Iemma says regardless of their ethnic background. have his full support. And he says the police and this is a determined fight I'm the Premier now over the long term. that we will in engage in It is not a short term fight. And Mr Iemma says there will be more law and order announcements in the next few weeks. Oscar McLaren, ABC News. over the introduction There's renewed debate of a national identity card. is preparing to launch The Government of the idea, an independent review strong criticism but it's already attracting and cost billions of dollars. with claims it'll threaten privacy in the late '80s, Rejected by parliament the concept of a national identity card was put back on the agenda

London bombings. in the wake of last year's

Despite initial concerns, also sees benefits. the Attorney-General

There are significant advantages national identifier. in having a uniform,

finalising the terms of reference Philip Ruddock is close to on ID cards. for the independent review But the debate has already begun.

put forward at all There's been no evidence

to show that a national ID card would be an effective weapon against terrorism. would be too expensive. Business groups say such a system could cost $750 per person - Our estimate is that an ID card we think that that's too excessive. would threaten privacy There are also fears ID cards a national database This will create by all government departments. that'll basically be accessed

and it ought not to be compromised, Privacy is a very important issue even if you go down this route. It's expected findings from the review within months will be put to Cabinet as part of the Budget process. and could be considered this year, With an $11.5 billion surplus is also picking up. the fight for Budget funding

The Treasurer has today dismissed backbench calls for a 50% increase in spending on child care. Peter Costello says there will be funding for more places, but it must be balanced. Additional spending's one issue. The other issue which we want to hold in balance is reducing tax burdens. The Government's talking about an $11.5 billion surplus. I think we can do a bit of both. The Treasurer argues that childcare funding is already at record levels. Narda Gilmore, ABC News, Canberra. An inquiry's been told that senior managers of the Australian Wheat Board knew full well they were paying hundreds of millions of dollars

in kickbacks to former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein. The wheat exporter was also accused of lying to the UN about the payments. The AWB has always said it didn't "know" that huge sums of money it was paying to non-existent companies

was going straight into the dictator's pocket.

The Australian Wheat Board was the biggest supplier of wheat to Saddam Hussein and according to a UN report, made more corrupt payments than any other company. A commission of inquiry commenced today to determine if any Australians broke the law.

In total, AWB paid a total of over US$221.7 million in side payments, for what it termed "inland transportation fees". The money was paid to a Jordanian company charging US$12 a tonne to transport the wheat in 1999, rising to US$45 by the time of the US-led invasion. Counsel assisting the commission today described as "inconceivable" the Board's defence that it had no knowledge of wrong doing.

There are documents that fix AWB with knowledge that the transport fee was a method of passing funds to Iraq. Counsel assisting said he believes Australian managers repeatedly lied to United Nations investigators. According to an confidential email, officials even considered taking cash to Iraq in a large suitcase.

The Federal Opposition wants the terms of reference of the enquiry extended to also focus on why the Government ignored a UN warning about the corruption in 2000. The same Australian Government, who through its own negligence, allowed Saddam Hussein to get A$300 million to buy guns, bombs and bullets for subsequent use against Australian troops. The commissioner is due to bring down his report

at the end of March. David Spicer, ABC News, Sydney. They've started the sad journey home - some of the survivors of last week's bus crash in Egypt are on flights back to Australia. Others who'll be leaving Cairo soon have stopped to pay one last tribute at the accident scene. From Cairo, ABC correspondent Jane Hutcheon reports. There were flowers and blessings in the Egyptian desert for six Australians who met sudden and tragic death. It was a time to reflect. Survivors, policewoman Deborah Quinert and Suellen Peak lost their friend, Senior Constable Kristy Olsen. Then, a surprising discovery in the sand. When we had dinner we were drinking beer, because we're Aussies and it had been a bit of a dry trip. But we loved the bottles because they've got the pyramids on them. So Kristy said, "We'll take the bottles when they're empty," so she put them in the bag and we had them with us and I found them over there together. REPORTER: Are you amazed? Yes! We had a bit of a laugh.

I can't believe.

Like, it's just amazing what survives and what doesn't survive.

They were souvenirs taken from the meal they shared together hours before tragedy struck. Both were glad they decided to return to the scene. I think it's just about putting the pieces together. Yes. And that's all we're going to have, is the pieces, we'll never have the whole story. Other survivors also took time to reflect before making final preparations to leave the country. Egyptian police refuse to say whether the driver has been charged. Others are determined to see some good come out of this. I will be calling the ministers involved and the parliament to ensure that no driver of any bus can drive more than nine hours per day. The events of the past few days have been played out in a satellite city in the desert on the edge of Egypt's capital - a group of Australians bound by tragedy on foreign soil. Jane Hutcheon, ABC News, Cairo. Israel has banned the militant group Hamas from campaigning in East Jerusalem, angering Palestinians ahead of next week's elections. The decision by Hamas to enter mainstream politics has the Israelis in a flap - they're demanding Hamas disarm and renounce its calls for the destruction of the Jewish state. Middle East correspondent, Matt Brown. Palestinians want East Jerusalem to be the capital of their future state, but it is firmly under Israeli control and members of the Islamist militant group Hamas are not welcome. Israel's acting Prime Minister, Ehud Olmert, has decided to allow Palestinians living in East Jerusalem to vote in next week's elections. But, that freedom has its limits. In any case, he says, Israel will not allow Hamas to enter Jerusalem and no campaigning will be allowed. As that decision was being made public several Hamas activists, including their number two candidate, were being arrested in East Jerusalem by Israeli police. Hamas has a history of sending waves of suicide bombers to attack Israeli civilians. And, while some Hamas members have watered down their rhetoric their decision to enter mainstream Palestinian politics has left Israel in a quandary. We will be under huge pressure of the international community that will ask us to talk to the Hamas. On the Palestinian side, even opponents of Hamas are already depicting the ban as proof of Israeli intervention in their affairs. We think that these conditions are extremely unfair and prejudicial. In reality, there are relatively few Palestinian voters in East Jerusalem, but Hamas has vowed to ignore the Israeli decision. According to the latest opinion polls, Hamas is just a few points behind the Fatah faction that has, until now, dominated Palestinian politics. And it will probably just use this ban on campaigning in East Jerusalem to further bolster its support. Matt Brown, ABC News, Jerusalem. In other world news - Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon has undergone more surgery. This time doctors performed a tracheotomy, cutting a small hole in his throat to insert a breathing tube. They say it's not a sign his condition is worsening, rather a procedure to help clean his lungs. Mr Sharon is still in a coma after a massive stroke 11 days ago. The Canadian Government says it remains committed to Afghanistan's reconstruction

despite a suicide bombing that's killed a senior diplomat. A car laden with explosives was driven into a joint US-Canadian armoured convoy in the heart of the southern Afghan city of Kandahar. The powerful blast also killed two Afghan bystanders and wounded three Canadian soldiers. Chile has elected its first woman president. One of South America's most conservative catholic countries has chosen 54-year-old Dr Michelle Bachelet - an agnostic, socialist single mother. Dr Bachelet and her mother were briefly exiled in Australia in the 1970s after being tortured in one of General Pinochet's prisons. Australia's new airborne radar surveillance system is a step closer. The first of four Boeing 737s to be modified under the Defence Force's Wedgetail project arrived at the RAAF's Amberley base, west of Brisbane today. Two others have already received high-tech conversions in the US. The modification process will provide up to 170 jobs. This is good work for Australian people. We get experience, we get skills. That experience and skill sets allows the aerospace industry in Australia to provide that strategic depth, that strategic support that we need in the Royal Australia Air Force. The Wedgetail aircraft will be able to use powerful scanners to monitor Australia's coastline or control air and sea battles. The six planes are expected to be in service by 2008. The pilot of a light plane is none the worse for wear after an emergency landing on a Central Coast beach last night. His single-engine Piper Cherokee was on a flight from the Gold Coast when it ran into wild weather and low cloud. The nose of the plane entered the water as it came in to land. Two fishermen who witnessed the drama alerted police. It's been a while, but Sydney's M7 electronic road is finally taking a toll. After a month long free trial,

drivers today had to start paying for the privilege of using it. But whatever the cost, Western Sydney's newest tollway looks to have been embraced - unlike the Cross City Tunnel. The free ride is over. After a month without tolls, today the new M7 motorway opened for business. And on this tollway, customers seem prepared to pay. It's good. It's quick. I just came from airport. It used to take me half an hour to get to Pennant Hills. Now it takes me 20 minutes. Beautiful. A lot better than the Tunnel. Comparisons with the opening of that other much-maligned tollway were hard to avoid today. The company has certainly taken a different approach to the one operating the Cross City Tunnel. During its first month without tolls, the M7 attracted upwards of 150,000 trips a day. And managers are convinced many of those drivers will stick around. A lot of people have had the opportunity to try the road, see how it works, see what it does. And the feedback's been very positive. Like the Cross City Tunnel, the M7 is fully electronic. There are no toll booths. This is the first Sydney motorway, though, to use distance-based tolling. That means the more you drive on the M7, the more you pay. Most drivers will pay about 30 cents a kilometre,

with the toll capped at just under $6 for any one trip. I don't know anything about the tolls at all.

Taxi drivers such as Ron Barrett won't be the only ones struggling to adapt to the new system. Right now, he won't charge customers for their M7 toll - he can't figure it out. No, I don't know. I have no idea whatsoever. All he knows is driving in western Sydney will never be the same. Norman Hermant, ABC News, Sydney. Recapping tonight's top story now - Premier Geoff Gallop has stunned Western Australia by announcing he's resigning because of depression. And still to come - early exits for Jelena Dokic and Venus Williams at the Australian Open. Sydney's grand old dame could soon be a little grander. The Federal and State Governments have joined forces to nominate the Opera House for world heritage listing. But at the same time, there's concern about the future of other heritage sites. Already regarded as one of the greatest architectural feats of the 20th century, today's official nomination fast-tracks the Opera House to join the list of the world's most coveted heritage sites. It's very much a piece of world heritage and it should be on that list. Delegates from UNESCO in Paris will inspect the Opera House to decide whether it is worthy to join the likes of the Taj Mahal, the Vatican, the Great Wall of China and the Egyptian Pyramids. But Australia will have to wait until mid-next year to see if its nomination has been successful. While the future of the Opera House is assured, it may not be the same for other sites of heritage significance. There are moves to change federal laws that could water down the protection of heritage buildings. After an inquiry ordered by Federal Treasurer Peter Costello, the Productivity Commission has recommended substantial changes to heritage listing. The most contentious is to require the consent of private owners before their properties can be included on any heritage list,

and that if they are, national, State or local governments should foot the bill.

I think it is a bit of an extreme reaction.

Yes, there are issues about public funding of heritage conservation but does that mean you don't list something unless the owner agrees? The best way forward is to have the owners driving the process and to be part of it not to be dragged kicking and screaming. It probably spells the death knell of a lot of important heritage properties. The Productivity Commission will soon hold national public hearings before the Government considers changing the way heritage places are conserved. Anne Maria Nicholson, ABC News. Qantas is entering into a joint venture with a European-based company to provide parts for its new fleet of giant Airbus.

The airline starts taking delivery of the first of 12 A380s in April next year. But unions say the decision to form an independent business with Europe's SR Technics for parts

could mean losing Australian jobs overseas. Qantas is an Australian company that trades on its Australian trademark. It should be creating jobs for Australians across this country. The airline says it's still considering where the new operation will be located. To finance, and new figures show inflation still behaving - an indication that interest rates will stay on hold for the time being.

Here's Phillip Lasker. If you've deliberately avoided all talk of inflation and interest rates during your summer escape, the good news is you haven't missed much. The outlook for interest rates remains stable with the most timely inflation indicator released today - up only slightly in December

and just over 3% higher than a year ago, suggesting the Reserve Bank does not have to pull the interest rate trigger just yet. Unfortunately, though, petrol prices are making a comeback. The national average price has been rising for more than a month, jumping 3.6 cents a litre last week and closing in on $1.20. But times have changed. The red line shows we used to get inflation spikes during oil price increases or shocks,

but more recently there's been a clean break. Globalisation is part of the answer. Companies sourcing goods from the cheapest producers, such as China, are better placed to absorb higher oil prices. While China is partly responsible for the oil price increase,

it's also exporting deflation. Energy shares kept the stock market's head above water today, with the index less than 2 points up. PBL and Betfair were granted a betting exchange licence in Tasmania. Australia's second biggest private hospital operator, Healthscope, plunged nearly 25% after admitting its profits would be about 18% short of forecasts. And Pacific Brands also suffered due to profit downgrades and reports suggesting it did not properly inform the market. Gold prices bounced back strongly, rising almost US$9 an ounce. And firmer commodity prices helped the Australian dollar against most major currencies - it's worth nearly US$0.755. And that's finance. Australia's Jelena Dokic has suffered a heartbreaking loss in the first round of the Australian Tennis Open. The tournament also lost 10th seed Venus Williams on the opening day, while Dokic squandered two match points before falling apart in the deciding set. Here's Rob Cross. It seemed Jelena Dokic had completed a fairytale comeback to the Australian Open. CROWD CHEERS

COMMENTATOR: Is it - or is it not? And Rowland says no. Leading France's Virginie Razzano by a set and 6-5 in the second, Dokic thought she'd struck a clean winner for the match. Dokic held herself together to grab a second match point but after being forced to a tie breaker, the fragile mental side of the 22-year-old's game collapsed. Razzano swept through the deciding set 6-1. I was really, really happy, and then half and hour later I was, you know, the most disappointed that I've ever had. The women's side of the draw was also struck by the loss of two of its top 10 seeds. Wimbledon champion Venus Williams went down to an opponent playing her first grand slam tournament. 18-year-old Bulgarian, Tsvetana Pironkova, won the match 2-6, 6-0, 9-7 but was helped by 65 unforced errors from the 10th seed. If I'm not shooting myself in the foot like that then I'm going to be the most likely to be the victor. 9th seed Elena Dementieva of Russia lost in straight sets to Germany's Julia Schruff. World number one Lindsay Davenport made short work

of Australia's Casey Dellacqua. Last year's runner-up won 6-2, 6-1 in less than an hour to move into the second round. Adam Gilchrist is the latest player to fall foul of the umpires this season. Gilchrist has been charged with dissent In the rules it states you can't ask for the third umpire and Alim Dar gave him not out and that's the end of it. I think they showed it on the big screen and all the players saw it. Eventually Dippenaar was caught short of his ground but Justin Kemp and Mark Boucher saw the Proteas home. last night emphatically disproved the theory that Australia would dominate the one-day series. Defending a moderate 228, the Australians showed some brilliance in the field. Mike Hussey's superb form with the bat was matched by a spectacular effort to remove Ashwell Prince. Whill Hussey get there? Oh, he does! Opener Botha Dippenaar put the South Africans on track but he should've been back in the pavilion when Symonds hit the stumps again. In domestic cricket -

Victoria is well on top after the opening day of the four-day match against New South Wales in Lismore. At stumps, the Bushrangers had advanced to 2/312 thanks largely to unbeaten centuries from Nic Jewell and Jason Arnberger.

It was one of the most challenging space journeys ever undertaken, now NASA is hoping that all the time and money will be worth it. After four billion kilometres and seven years, the 'Stardust' mission has returned safely to Earth. It's brought back a tiny amount of space dust, one teaspoon full, but that could be enough to help unlock the secrets of the solar system. After a 7-year journey the Stardust mission came to a dramatic end.

MISSION CONTROL: We have touchdown. APPLAUSE Travelling at 46,000km/h, the tiny capsule made its flawless entry from outer space, landing in a remote part of the Utah Desert. I am very proud and very happy to say that after almost 2.9 billion miles in the harsh environment of space, the Stardust capsule is back on earth. Still intact, the 45kg capsule contains a teaspoon of the first dust ever collected from a comet, a sample which could hold the key to how the solar system was formed. Inside this thing is our treasure, our sample of the edge of the solar system. Scientists carefully retrieved the canister of space dust. Some particles are smaller than the width of a human hair. We did this mission to collect the most primitive materials we could. The Stardust mission began in 1999 and took it into orbit around the sun three times. Two years ago, it finally intercepted the path of the comet known as Wild 2. The tracking station at Tidbinbilla near Canberra played a crucial role. We've played these key roles - just being in the right place at the right time,

to handle both the comet encounter and the return of the capsule. The journey isn't over yet. It could take up to 10 years before scientists unravel the mystery of how the solar system was formed. Sarah Clarke, ABC News. Checking the weather now - and what a wet day it's been in many parts of the State today. Sydney got 40mm overnight, which caused a few traffic headaches in the usual spots this morning. In Sydney today it hit 26 degrees, that was 1 above the average, up to 28 in the west. Right now in Sydney the temperature is 24 degrees -

that's average and the pressure is falling. Around New South Wales today - it was cloudy over most of the State

with showers or thunderstorms everywhere except the north-east, where temperatures were slightly above average. Winds were light to moderate NE to SE along the coast. There were some good falls on the southern tablelands and the south-west slopes. Inland - the falls were lighter, Brewarrina did the best of the western towns, it got 7mm, Broken Hill and Bourke got just 1mm. In the 24 hours to 9:00 this morning the top rainfall was 72mm at Avalon in Sydney. As for today's rainfall, I'm very glad to report that Goulburn, which has been bone dry, scored the top fall and a very nice drop it was in the 6 hours to 3:00 this afternoon - 85mm fell there. In the capital cities today - Brisbane and Canberra - showers,

Melbourne and Hobart - cloudy, Adelaide had an early shower, Perth fine, Darwin had some heavy falls. The satellite picture shows bright monsoonal cloud blanketing the tropics which was responsible for those heavy falls in Darwin. There's some low cloud in the west and cloud building over New South Wales and Victoria. On the synoptic chart there's a deepening monsoon low over the Kimberley dominating the map. There's a trough over WA and another extending across the south-east. Rain tomorrow - that low will continue to generate widespread rain

across northern Australia. The trough will trigger showers and storms across New South Wales. In the capital cities tomorrow - a possible shower or storm for Brisbane and Canberra, Melbourne cloudy, Hobart - a shower or two, Adelaide and Perth fine, Darwin - more showers. Around New South Wales tomorrow - in the north-east warm and humid, isolated morning showers, light to moderate northerly winds freshening in the afternoon on the coast. In the south-east - mild on the far south coast, warm elsewhere with scattered showers and storms. Possible heavy falls on the south-west slopes - there's a strong wind warning for the south coast tonight from Ulladulla to Gabo Island. Inland - a very high fire danger, scattered showers and storms with possible heavy falls. North-west winds tending southerly later. In Sydney tomorrow - humid once again, occasional showers and storms, moderate to fresh northerly winds ahead of a gusty southerly change late in the afternoon or evening. A top of 29 in the city, 31 in the west. North-westerly winds should get up to 20 knots before that southerly change. And in Sydney over the next four days - a few showers about on Wednesday and Thursday but it should be fine on Friday. And before we go, a recap of tonight's top stories. In a shock announcement, WA's Premier Geoff Gallop has quit politics because of depression. A commission of inquiry has heard that the Australian Wheat Board lied to the UN about cash kickbacks to Saddam Hussein. And the debate over a national identity card has reignited - civil liberty groups are worried it could damage privacy. And business is cool on the $15 billion price tag. And that's ABC News for this Monday -

I'm Juanita Phillips. There'll be updates throughout the evening and the 'Late News' is on at 10:25. Goodnight. Closed Captions produced by Captioning and Subtitling International Pty Ltd This program is captioned live.

Welcome to the program.

He's a Rhodes scholar, a keen historian and just last year won a second term as the premier of Western Australia, but tonight Geoff Gallop's political career is over. He has retreated from public life to fight his own demons. Surrounded by family and colleagues, Geoff Gallop announced his shock resignation from the premiership and from the State Parliament at a media conference this afternoon. The 54-year-old said he'd been diagnosed with depression and that his doctors had advised him to take time out to to recover.

In a moment we'll speak to former WA Premier Carmen Lawrence.