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(generated from captions) first world crown. Dedicate

your life to something and it's

a dream come true. World

superbike champion, Troy

Bayliss made the smoothest

transition with a pick-up ride

to take his first Moto GP.

Makybe Diva will have a

permanent reminder to the towns

folk who call her their own.

The life-size statue of the

three-time Melbourne Cup winner

was unveiled in Port Lincoln,

the home town of the owner,

Tony Santic. The r a second

statue immortalising the

champion mare will be erected

after the Cup

carnival. Australia's Muslim

leader is on indefinite leave

after collapsing at his mosque.

Sheikh Taj Aldin al-Hilaly is

under increasing pressure to

step down. That's ABC News. The

7:30 Report is coming up next. From me, goodnight. Captioning and Subtitling Captions provided by

International.

I said, "I'm an old

man, you're about to snap my

arm. " I was flabbergasted. I couldn't believe the situation

that I was in. Tonight - police

force, the shocking video of

one homeless man being arrested

by four police officers. Were

the methods justified? Like

most people, I look at that

footage and think it looks

pretty dreadful and it looks

like an excessive use of police

force. This isn't an isolated

incident.

This program is captioned live. Welcome to the program. And

the Howard Government was today

confronted again in the Parliament with two issues that

could dog it to the next

election - rising interest

rates and climate change. Tonight our time, the British

Government is releasing the

most comprehensive report yet tackled on the economic cost of

global warming. And it warns

the world could be risking an

impact equivalent to the great

Depression or two world wars if

it doesn't take strong action

now to seriously reduce carbon

emissions. The UK Treasury

review conducted by former

World Bank chief economist Sir

Nicholas Stern says the cost of

doing nothing could be 20 times

more than the cost of taking

appropriate measures now. The

Australian Government has

argued that it will not take

measures that would harm the

coal industry and damage the

domestic economy. And on the

interest rate front, there was

another spirited exchange between Government and

Opposition over what now seems

like another rise in housing

mortgage rates from the Reserve

Bank on Melbourne Cup day next

week. But the Parliament did

unite briefly in

congratulations for a rare

musical achievement. Political

Editor, Michael Brissenden.

SONG: # Who's going to save me#

I'm sure the House will join

me in congratulating the Member

for Kingsford-Smith for his

induction with the group of

which he is a member Midnight

Oil into the ARIA Hall of Fame

last night, Mr Speaker. Can I

join with your permission, in

extending on behalf of the

Government my congratulation to

the Member for Kingsford-Smith

and I associate myself with the

remarks of the Leader of the

Opposition, but that is where

the association, Mr Speaker,

abruptly terminates. His music

may still be bringing people

together but in this place it's

politic s that calls the tune.

Today's political set, to use

the rock'n'roll term, began

with a short bipartisan nod of

appreciation to rock's most

famous politician. Or is that

politic's most famous rocker?

Whichever. The day then

quickly settled into its more

predictable dischordant tone. I

refer to the Prime Minister's

comments last week that a

possible interest rate rise

next week would be " a stitch

in time" . Prime Minister, if

a stitch in time saves nine,

how many stitches are being

saved by the last seven

consecutive rises? Mr Speaker,

I think we're talking about

stitches, we can say the last

election saved 17. But this is

no Midnight Oil classic. For

both sides this one's like

having a bad Britney Spears tune stuck in your head. They

can't shake it. The Government

put interest rates and trust at the centre of the last election

campaign. But with every rate

rise the promise of keeping

interest rates low looks harder

and harder to replay. Another

rise now looks certain when the

Reserve Bank meets next

Tuesday. A fact the Prime

Minister even publicly

acknowledged last week. A sure

sign that the Government is

becoming more vulnerable on the

issue. But when it comes to

interest rates, the Opposition

has a well-known embarrassing

back catalogue of its own. Can

the Prime Minister confirm the

proportion of household income

consumed by mortgage interest

repayments is 50% higher today

than under Treasurer Keating?

50% higher. The Leader will

resume his seat. Those

placards will be put down immediately. And he can't

escape the heavy burden, Mr

Speaker, that Keating and

Beazley equals 17%. Howard and

Costello equals 7.75%, Mr

Speaker. That is the measure

of the difference between the

economic stewardship of this

Government and the economic

stewardship of the Australian

Labor Party. But interest rates weren't the only focus of the

Opposition's economic attack

today. Australian politicians

can argue the toss about

percentages and proportions of household income from one

government to the next, but it

may seem somewhat insignificant

against what report released today suggests will be the

economic ramifications of a far

more global phenomenon. The

Stern review commissioned by the British Government warns

that if it's left unchecked,

climate change could have a

devastating impact on the

global economy. Equal to the

great depression of the 1930s.

As the world warms up, so does

the politics and climate change

is suddenly taking on a

political urgency. Does the

Prime Minister recall saying

about climate change on 27

September this year, "People

can talk theoretically about

what might happen to Australia

and the planet in 50 years'

time. " Doesn't the Stern report indicate that early

action on climate change is

necessary to avoid a 20% cut in

the global economy over the

next 50 years? Prime Minister,

isn't climate change here right

now? There has been a

noticeable shift in rhetoric on

climate change in the past few

months from the Government.

Faced with growing public

concern, the sceptical tone has

been replaced with one of

public acceptance that climate

change is at least occurring.

The political argument is now

about how to deal with it.

Just last week the Government

announced the first of what

will be $500 million spent on

cleaning up coal power and developing renewable

alternatives such as solar.

But the Prime Minister is

doggedly sticking to his belief

that any effective response

must include the nuclear

option. And he backs that up

with that bold assertion. You

will be never able to generate

baseload power using solar and

wind. You can make a

contribution at the margins,

help at peak hours, but you'll

never be able to generate

baseload. I mean, the only

things that will ever replace

the current dirty power

stations are cleaner uses of fossil fuel or nuclear

power. The Opposition, and environmentalists, see things

quite differently. Solar

technology is advancing fast,

they say. A new solar power

plant is about to go online in

Spain and even Australia's

first solar power station will

contribute to the national

grid. A transition period to

renewables they say doesn't

necessarily need to be

nuclear. Well, almost 87% of

our power at the moment comes

from dirty polluting coal.

We've got an obvious

alternative right now. That's

combined cycle gas in

Australia. Gas produces much

less pollution and is a great

transition fuel for many

decades, as we move to the

cleaner and more efficient and

safer energy future that we need in Australia and for the

health of our planet. A lot of

our problems in Australia are

not baseload but peak and

that's when we're flicking on

the air conditioners on a hot

day et cetera and that's when

solar comes into its own.

Because that's when solar power

on our roofs or solar power

stations are working at their

best. Climate change is now a

political reality, and both sides will be looking to press

home a political advantage.

Particularly in the lead-up to

the next election. The

Government clearly views

Labor's rejection of the

nuclear option as a major point

of political difference. But

that requires some very tough

and possibly deeply unpopular

decisions, as well. And while

some may agree that nuclear is

worth looking at, Labor is

equally sure no-one wants a

nuclear power station in their

neighbourhood. Political Editor Michael Brissenden. The Government hasn't missed and

political implications of the

growing crisis on climate change. Last week the Treasurer Peter Costello

announced Commonwealth seed

funding for two experimental

low-emission energy projects in

Victoria and today in

Queensland Energy Minister Ian

Macfarlane announced another

two worth another $125 million.

Mr MacFarlane describes himself

as a sceptic on the link

between climate change and

carbon emissions and is strongly supporting a debate on

nuclear power for Australia.

He joins me now from Canberra.

Ian Macfarlane, the British

Prime Minister Tony Blair has

today quoted the Stern report

to emphasise that the world is

" heading towards catastrophic

tipping points in our climate

unless we act" . By

comparison, you continue to

describe yourself as a sceptic

on links between carbon

emissions and global warming.

If you're a sceptic, why should

we take you seriously? Why

should we believe that you're

serious about genuinely wanting

to reduce the emissions that

you're sceptical about? Well,

let's get a few things on the

table to start with, Kerry.

Firstly in terms of climate

change I agree that climate

change is happening and that

global warming is happening. I

also agree that CO2 emissions

and greenhouse gas emissions

are too high and have to be

lowered. Where I'm sceptical

is some of the extreme claims

being made. For instance, that

sea levels will rise 25 metres.

When the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, its

own figures are saying that the

predictions are really less

than half a metre. So I think

what we need to say on this

debate is how are we going to

have an impact on emissions?

And the way we're going to have

an impact on emissions is to

use technology to lower our

greenhouse gas signature. So

you're no longer saying as you

said on the 'Sunday' program in

August that you're a sceptic

about the link as you put it,

between emissions and global

warming? There is a link

between human habitation and

global warming. How big that

link is and how closely

correlated it is is the subject

of fierce debate and the impact

of emissions in terms of for

instance the in increases in

sea levels are yet to be

established. There are figures

currently being debated that in

the end - But you don't argue

the big issues. What you've

partly funded today are two experimental project s that

won't be completed until 2015

which may or may not then be

taken up by the coal powered

energy industry. These are a

drop in the bucket aren't they

in responding to what Tony

Blair has called catastrophic

tipping points in our

climate? I think we need to go

back to what Sir Nicholas Stern

is saying and he is saying

there need to be private-public

partnerships between industry

and government to lower

greenhouse gas emissions. On

the basis of what we announced

last week which is the world's

biggest solar electricity

generator and a coal dewatering

project, today's projects

related to both gas and to

black coal. The Government has

invested some $250 million in

return for that, industry will

invest $1.5 billion and carbon emissions will be lowered by

millions of tonnes per

annum. The Prime Minister says

that solar power can never be a

mainstream energy provider in

Australia, but by comparison

Republican governor Arnie

Schwarzenegger in California is

aiming to have one million

solar rooftops in his State in

the next decade or so providing

the same energy as five modern

electric power plants. Doesn't

that sound mainstream to you

? Well, the Prime Minister said

today that solar won't be able

to provide baseload power

supply and that is true. The

sun doesn't shine for 24 hours

a day and without some major

breakthrough in terms of

storage of electricity

technology, solar at best will

only supply us with electricity

through the daylight hours.

The reality is that 24 hours a

day seven days a week, the

electricity that consumers need

will come from baseload power

provided by fossil fuels. The

challenge for us is to make

sure we do everything we can to

lower the emissions from fossil

fuel, whether it's black coal,

brown coal or gas. Those fuels

are playing a major part in

supplying the baseload

electricity of countries like

the UK, Europe. Countries like

North America and Australia

and, of course, our Asian

neighbours to the north and

north-west in India and

China. Energy utilities in

California to keep using that

example will have to acquire

20% of power from renewable

source. The State has a

renewable energy target of 33%

by 2020. By comparison,

Australia's renewable energy

target sounds pathetic, doesn't

it? Why can't we have targets

similar to those in California

where you have a Conservative governor? Targets are one

thing, actually doing something

is the other and, of course, we

have set in place the mandatory renewable energies target. What

is that? It's 9.5,000 kilowatt

hours. In percentage

terms? Australia has about 10%

of its power coming from

renewables. If I can correct

the figures of ACF their

figures on coal are also wrong.

In terms of renewable fuel

there are obviously

opportunities that need to be

invested. That's why we

invested in the solar

generation plant that's going

to be built in northern

Victoria. But we have to be

realistic here. It's one thing

to set targets. It's another

thing to do things. Well,

surely if you've got the will

you can do both. You can set

targets and then put your money

where your mouth is and then

set out to meet those targets.

Hasn't all the evidence thus

far in fighting pollution in

the past been that polluters

need either incentives or

penalties to reduce or to stop

polluting ? Isn't it also true

that the coal industry is going

to meet incentives like carbon

trading to actually come to the

party in a serious enough way

to meet the challenges outlined

by the Stern report? Well,

let's go back to Stern and

let's start there. What Sir

Nicholas Stern has said and

what we understand he released

in his report tonight is this -

that to solve the emissions

problem that we're facing we

are going to need technology.

And that technology will be

across the board in terms of

energy. And Sir Nicholas Stern

in my presence said that carbon

capture and storage of fossil

fuels will be crucial as part

of that result. The reality is

that what we are doing is

setting in place a suite of

energy alternatives as we work

forward lowering emissions.

Remember, Australia is one -

let me finish. Remember that

Australia is one of the few

countries in the world that

will reach its Kyoto target or

come very close to it. The

reality is that most of Europe

will miss their target and, in

fact, in terms of global

emissions, emissions will grow

during the period of Kyoto by

40%. The second point that Sir

Nicholas Stern made is that we

need a global carbon trading

arrangement. Kyoto is not a

global trading arrangement. It

is a around about or even less

than 45% of the global emitters

and most of the member

countries are not going to

reach their targets. We're

close to time. You mentioned

Kyoto. When you talk about

Australia meeting Kyoto targets

even though it refuses to sign

the agreement isn't it fair to

say reducing tree clearing in

Queensland has been

instrumental in meeting Kyoto

targets and, in fact, has

masked that carbon emissions

from both the energy industry

and the transport sector are

continuing to increase at a

worrying rate. Energy

industry, 43% above 1990 levels

in 2004 and still growing.

Transport emissions 23% above

'90 levels in 2004 and also

still growing. What are you

doing about reducing those

levels? Well, the tree clearing

issue was only a 20% part of

the overall strategy in terms

of reducing emissions. We're

spending $12 billion on

lowering greenhouse gas emissions. Two and a half

years ago we announced in the

white paper almost $700 million

worth of policies which will

see Australia reduce its

emissions per GDP by about 35%.

There will be some areas that

will be tougher than others. One of the areas which the

world is looking at for a

solution is the area of carbon

capture and storage, but we're

also funding solar. We're also

funding drying of coal. We're

also funding the use of the

latest technology and we are

asking for the community and

the business community to be

involved in energy

efficiencies. Those are the

things that Stern outlined to

me and those are the things

that Australia is doing. Ian

Macfarlane thanks for talking

with us. Pleasure. The way

Queensland police use public

nuisance laws has been under

scrutiny since the death in

custody of an Aboriginal man

from Palmerston two years ago.

The man known as Mulrinji was

arrested for public drenkenness

prompting a Queensland coroner recently to recommend changes

to police arrest powers for

minor offences. Critics of

Queensland's public nuisance

laws have now seized on another

case of what they call an

inappropriate arrest. But this time the extremely physical

arrest occurred not in a remote

Aboriginal community, but in

the heart of Brisbane. And it

was captured on video, as Peter

McCutcheon reports. I said,

"I'm an old man, you're about

to snap my arm" . And he

didn't ease off. But

fortunately he didn't go any

further. It's not the sort of

image the Queensland Police

Service would like to project.

This surveillance camera video

shows a violent arrest in one

of Brisbane's busiest and most

popular thoroughfares back in

July. The man being subdued by

police is a slightly-built 65-year-old pensioner Bruce

Rowe who has spent the past

winter living on the streets.

Four officers pin him to the

ground with two more looking

on, as one policeman repeatedly

drives a knee into his leg. I

was flabbergasted. I couldn't

believe the situation that I

was in. On Friday, Bruce Rowe

appeared before a magistrate

and was found guilty of public

nuisance offences, but he's not

letting the matter rest there.

Lodging a clant about the way

he was handled by police. I

just wanted a little bit of

commonsense to prevail, but it

wasn't that way. His lawyers

say the case illustrates

problems with Queensland's

public nuisance laws, particularly in the way they

are applied to the

homeless. The anecdotal

evidence of our clients is

certainly suggests that this

isn't an isolated incident.

Look frankly we make no

apologies for trying to make

our public spaces in this State

as safe as possible for

everyone. So this is where it

all happened? Yes, Peter. Just

over there? Bruce Rowe has been

sleeping rough, spending nights

in boarding houses and under

bridges. The former draftsman explains his homelessness was

the result of a depressive

illness. Well, it was

triggered by the loss of my

wife to breast cancer, three

years and three months ago. I

was married for 41 years. She

was my soulmate. There never

was another woman in my life.

I was with her when she took

her last breath and it had a

terrible impact on me. The

surveillance tape of the Queen

Street Mall on a Sunday night

last July sets the scene for

Bruce Rowe's run-in with the

law. A council worker closes

the public toilets for cleaning while Bruce Rowe is still in

the cubicle. He says he was

merely changing out of his good

clothes which he'd worn to

church. The two men argued

about the time Bruce Rowe was

taking to get dressed. I'd

been to a gospel meeting. I

only wanted to change out of my

clothes and I found myself in

this absurd situation. I couldn't believe what was happening. Police at the time

believed Bruce Rowe had stepped

over a rope closing off the

toilets to go into the cubicle.

Although a magistrate found the

accused was already inside when

the cleaner arrived. The

subsequent confrontation was

recorded by police.

Did you barge into an officer

and quoting from the police

report " glare in a provocative

gesture" ? The barging bit is

absolute subbish. I didn't touch a police

officer. Magistrate John Smith

found the order for Bruce Rowe

to leave the mall was lawful

and found him guilty of refusing to follow a police

direction and obstructing

police in the course of their duty. However given Bruce Rowe's circumstances, the

magistrate decided not to

record a conviction and as for

the way Bruce Rowe was

arrested, well the magistrate

said it could have been done without the number of officers involved and without pinning

him to the ground. Most people,

and I'm like most people, who

look at that footage and think

that it looks pretty dreadful

and it looks like an excessive

use of police force. Queensland Police Minister Judy Spence

says police are reviewing their

training and procedures, but

argues most Queenslanders

support the State's tough

public nuisance laws. So people

who are engaging and

threatening intimidating

behaviour, we want police to be

able to take some action

against them. Your client ignored a police request to

move on. Isn't he asking for

trouble? Our client asked for

more time in the situation and

the context of the move on

direction is always really

important. Monica Taylor is a

lawyer who works with the

homeless. She argues this case

is not om about police behaviour but also about

Queensland's public nuisance

laws, giving police the right

to ask people to move on from

public spaces. Our view is that

public space laws

disproportionately and

detrimentally impact on homeless people because they're

heavy users of public space.

Because homeless people in that situation have no alternative

but to conduct their very

private activities in public

they become overly susceptible

to police interest and,

therefore, the public space

laws. Bruce Rowe is now living

in modest accommodation

provided by a friend and is

pushing ahead with an appeal

against his conviction. Police

may be reviewing their arrest

procedures, but for Bruce Rowe,

that gives little comfort. I'm

frightened of police. I'll

never view police the same way

again and it frightens me

because they can do things that

the general public can't do.

They can do it and get away

with it. That report from Peter

McCutcheon. Almost six months

after the rescue that made news

around the world, the Tasmanian community of Beaconsfield is

still struggling to overcome

the closure of the mine that provided most of the town's

jobs. Today, as Todd Russell

and Brant Webb launched the

book detailing their 2-week

ordeal trapped underground they

announced a trust fund to

support the town's children.

While laidoff miners are still

waiting for Macquarie Bank to

honour its promise to establish

a special trust fund for them,

Beaconsfield has tapped a rich

vein of Commonwealth funding.

As Jocelyn Nettlefold reports,

grants worth $8 million have

been handed out to local

business and community groups.

We would have gone off our

heads by now without people in

the community. We'd like to thank you and thank you very

much. Selling the story of

their 2-week ordeal 'Trapped

Underground' has become a

lucrative business for Todd

Russell and Brant Webb. Today

as they launched their book

with a sausage sizzle at

Beaconsfield primary school,

both men pledged an undisclosed

slice of their new-found wealth

to a trust fund to support the

town's children. The reason for

the legacy is to give thanks back to the people who

supported us and also it's to

set up something so the

children have got the future

for themselves. So they've got

play equipment and stuff like

that. They are not alone in

their concern about

Beaconsfield's future. Almost

six months after the rescue

which made headlines around the

world, the goldmine which

provides most of the town's

jobs remains closed. While

investigations continue into

possible safety breaches, 53

miners have been laid off.

That's nearly half the total

workforce. We said, "Yeah we'll

take the redundancy and go for

a look" . Daniel Piscionieri

was the miner who found the

body of Larry Knight who died

in the Anzac Day mine accident.

Once Todd Russell and Brant

Webb had been rescued he decided that nine years at the

mine was enough. Even though

that was just a mining

incident, it's just a bit of a

shock. We just thought it was

time for a bit of a

change. With his mine payout

and $200,000 from the Federal

Government's community recovery

fund, Daniel Piscionieri is

going to buy a special mulch

spreader and establish a

business servicing Tamar valley

vineyards. After what he's

been through underground, he's

relieved to change career. It

had been difficult and as time

goes on you sort of get better

and better as it goes

along. Such projects are part

of $8 million the Commonwealth

promised to help the town

recover. When it comes to the

community cashing in, it's been

a complex and some would say

fraught process of bureaucrats

deciding who gets what, and

why. It's a hard thing,

though, isn't it for a town? It

certainly is hard and money can

divide people. But we've just

got to work together.

Beautician Karen Dally who's

son lost his job at the mine

got special funding to expand

her business? I got $29,000

that's what I applied for.

It's a big area and there's a

lot of potential. Couldn't

believe it. Being so many

applicants, I think I was

pretty lucky. 16 applicants won

grants to either establish or

expand their businesses. Other

projects involve improvements

to sporting facilities, social

services and cultural

preservation. The council-run

Grubb Shaft Museum received

nearly $1 million to upgrade

the historic site. We wanted to

try and depict just what it was

like 925 metres below the

surface where Todd and Brant

were found to be alive. With

more curious visitors and

Winnebagos rolling into town,

tourism is shaping up to play a

big role in Beaconsfield's

future. I never ever knew them.

You feel like you lost a mate

and coming here now, it just

feels like you've done your bit

for them. We thought we'd drop

in at Beaconsfield because it's

been put on the map now. Philip

Ridyard who's a vodka and gin

producer couldn't be happier.

His boutique business born out

of mid-life unemployment and

launched weeks before the mine

disaster is already quenching a

substantial thirst from Russia

but a $145,000 leg-up from the Commonwealth means production

of straight vodka can be ramped

up and diversified. The more

that we are able to export and

develop our domestic markets

the more jobs we can create.

Given that this whole project

came out of unemployment we

feel a sort of synergy with the

local community on that one. The majority of the

Government funding $4.8 million

worth, ended up not with the

community but the mine's

operators to help maintain it

during the coronial and safety

investigations. It's a

hand-out that's generated some hostility. There was some

eyebrows raised but it's all

conditional and it's all

conditional upon the mine doing

work and progressing towards

reopening. And if the mine

reopens, it will be money very

well spent. The Tasmanian

Government's special Melick

investigation into the

Beaconsfield mine disaster is

still taking evidence. Premier

Paul Lennon has not guaranteed

that its findings will be made public. Do you think the town

has a right to know? I think it

would be good. I don't think

no harm would come of it if

they were to come out and tell

everyone. I reckon it would be

nice to know what the verdict

is. Meantime the community is

focusing on creating jobs and

Commonwealth funding or not, it

appears this fresh spirit of

entrepreneurship in the town

runs as deep as the gold shafts

beneath. A lot of people are

jumping on the bandwagon. Todd

Russell's father has even

produced his own fashion

range. I've got shirts and

caps. I thought if I don't do

it, someone else will. Where do

the proceeds go? I don't know

at the moment. Jocelyn Nettlefold reporting from

Beaconsfield and that's the

program for tonight. We'll be

back at the same time tomorrow,

but for now, goodnight.

THEME MUSIC Hello, I'm Anthony Warlow. A successful singing career is a tough journey at the very best of times. Tonight's Australian Story is about a young man who I met a couple of years ago who has defied the experts to fulfil the dream of taking his place onstage. Tim McCallum is a terrific young talent but, more than that, he's an inspiration. This is his story. PIANO PLAYS (Man sings) # Come with me # And you'll be # In a world of pure imagination... # WOMAN: I remember it like it was yesterday. It was so exciting. Like, he was going to go to fulfil his dream, and...