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Live.

Australia looks to its

Pacific neighbours to take 78

aslyum seekers. Another suicide

blast hits Pakistan, this time

Kimming 25 people and injuring

more than 40. The Queen honours

Australia's first Victoria

Cross recipient since the

Vietnam war. And Australia's

top golfers say the media

frenzy won't stop them trying

to tame the Tiger after

Kingston Heath. Good morning.

O'Brien. And I'm Virginia It's Wes 11 November. I'm Joe

Trioli. The stop story - New

Zealand has rejected a Federal

Government proposal to take

some of the aslyum seekers from

an Australian customs ship. The

proposal is part of the

Government's plan to try to

resolve the long standing

stand-off involving 78 aslyum

seekers on board the 'Oceanic

Viking'. The Sri Lankas have

been on boards the ship now

more more than three weeks and

are refusing to go ashore.

Indonesian officials say the

'Oceanic Viking' can remain in

Indonesian waters until Friday, the Foreign Minister Stephen Smith met Indonesian officials

about the issue overnight. He

says he's confident the problem

will be resoled soon. Obviously

we would want it resolved

sooner rather than later.

Obviously we want to have it

resolved earlier than now but

we effectively want a positive

outcome. I know people - some

people have less patience than

us, I know people want to see

an outcome materialise, but in

the end we'll be judged on the

outcome, the process has taken

longer than we would want but

we continue to work very hard

both in discussion on the boat

and elsewhere to try and get a

positive outcome. Foreign

Affairs Minister Stephen Smith

there. For more Melissa Clarke

joins us anyhow from Canberra.

What exactly did the Federal

Government want New Zealand to

do? Will, they've been having

informal chats with the New

Zealand Government and we just

heart Stephen Smith say they

want an outcome but regardless

of how much they want it

they're not having much luck

because the New Zealanders have

come back with a plot out "no'.

The New Zealand immigration

Minister said he had had chat

with the Stephen Smith but that

the New Zealand Government

doesn't believe in taking an ad

hoc approach to immigration and

he's weary of cog anything that

would give the perception that

people can jump the queue to

come to New Zealand as refugees

or as immigrants so he's put out in a statement that New

Zealand is unlikely to take any

of the aslyum seekers on board

the 'Oceanic Viking' so that's another closed door to the face

of the Federal Government. The

Philippines now appear to be next? The 'Australian' is

quoting anonymous Government sources saying that's something

being canvassed within

Government. Clearly they're

looking far and wide so see

where they can take these

aslyum seekers because they

really are running up against a

deadline on Friday. Not only

have they got the security

clearance with the Indonesian

Government due to run out on

Friday, they also don't want

this issue lingering on into

the parliamentary sitting which

starts on Monday so they need a solution, clearly they're

looking far and wide and

clearly they're hopeling

something will come off all of

these difference options being canvassed according to the same article in the the 'Australian', taking them to

Christmas Island is also being

considered the but that would

be a huge embarrassment for

Kevin Rudd so they're obviously

looking for any option they can

get other than The Education

Minister and soon to be again

acting PM Julia Gillard will be joining us on the program this

morning. She's under fire at

the moment over his my school

website. Take us through why

principals are, aing up about

that. The Government has now

unveiled the website will give

families, parent, data and

ranking information about

schools. This is something that

schools have known is coming,

it won't actually start proper

until January but yesterday at

the prans forum Julia Gillard

unveiled what the website looks

like. It will show performance

data, data from the national

numeracy and lite rasy tests

for every school in the country

and how that compares to the

average and how that compares

to similar schools. The

Government says that the way

that websites set up you can

just look at individual

schools, it won't show any sort

of league table or ranking and

they say that will avoid any

sort of classic league table

links, but the principals are

really worried that this sort

of data can be compiled by

media organisations or other

who will rank schools and

they're worried that that's not

a proper reflect of a schools

perform appearance and that it

may have funding consequences

down the track. We'll talk

about that with her when she

join us on the program in the

next hour. In other news, at

least 25 people have been

killed in another suicide

bombing in Pakistan. 45 others

were injured when the blast

went off in near the north-east

erp city of Peshawar. It's the

third suicide attack in the

region in as many days. SAS

troop troop has met the queen

as part of Reserve Bankance day celebration. Trooper Mark

Donaldson is Australia's first

Victoria Cross recipient since

the Vietnam war. Back home

people are preparing to pause

for Rememberance Day to

recognise the service of

announce conflicts over seas.

More than 102,000 Australians

will is been killed while

serving overseas in the last

century. Australia and

Indonesia have pledged to work

together toward a global deal

on change. During a meeting in Jakarta Treasurer Wayne Swan

told Indonesia's Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati

that Australia is ready to do

it part. Indonesia has

expressed its disappointment

that developing nations failed

to reach an agreement on the

cost of climate change at last

weekend's Scotland summit.

Another world leaders have

conkemed an exchange of fire

between North and South Korean

ships. Seoul officials say the

South Korean ship opened fire

when the northern ship crossed

a desputed border. North Korea

has demanded an apology for

what it calls a grave

provocation. Pyongyang says its

ship did not cross the border

and Sydney police are

continuing their search for a

man over the murder of his

sister and father. 37-year-old

Chloe Waterlow and her 68-year-old father Nick

Waterlow were found stabbed to

death in their home at Randwick

in Sydney's east on Monday

night. The woman's 2-year-old

daughter was taken to hospital

with cuts to her neck and is in

a stable condition. Anthony

Zervas was last seen leaving

the house on Monday. World

leaders have called for

restraint after a maritime

clash between North and South

Korea. The White House has

warned North Korea against any

actions that could be seen as

an escalation after boats from

the two nations exchanged fire. The UN Secretary-General Ban

Ki-Moon said he was closely

watching the situation. From an

underground nuclear test a long

range missile launch to a naval

battle. On land, air and sea,

North Korea has stoked tensions

with its southern neighbour all

year. More than any other

provocation from Geelong Yang,

clash on the high seas has shaken South Koreans.

TRANSLATION: I can not believe

the provocation by North Korea.

We feel insecure about

this. When the North

occasionally takes these kind

of awe dishes actions I really

feel insecurity. This is the

first time in seven years North

and South Korea have exchanged

fire along their disputd sea

border. The last time six South

Korean sailors and about a

dozens North Korean were

killed. Seoul says this time a

northern patrol boat charged

more than a kilometre into the

south's territory.

TRANSLATION: We fired warning

shots according to protocol and the North Korean patrol ship

fired directly at our vessel.

Then we fired back and the

North Korean ship left. None of

our troops were injured. The

two minute battle played out

over a range of 3 kilometres.

The North Korean patrol boat

retreating in flames after

being hit by cannon fire. Some

analysts say naval clashes is a

message to President Obama who

arrives in Seoul for talks in a

week's time. After months of hostily, North Korea recently

sent out peace oovertures to

Seoul and Washington seeking

direct talks with the United

States. Bat Newcastle the

Yellow Sea could be a reminder

to President Obama that he's

dealing with a regime still

prepared to play for keeps. The

Australian Treasurer Wayne Swan

says that Australia remains

committed to paying its fair

share of money to the

developing world to tackle

climate change. Mr Swan met his Indonesian counterpart as rich

and poor nations continue to

haggle over the funding to

combat global warming. They've

met twice in a matter of days

but Indonesia's Finance

Minister and Australia's

Treasurer still have a lot to

talk about. Not least climate

change and how much rich

countries should pay to combat

global warming in poorer Neil

Craigs. In Scotland at the

weekend the G20 countries

couldn't reach an agreement. I

think the disappointment is

shared by both countries

because as we all know the

contribution and the role of

Finance Ministerry in

supporting of any implication

as well as commitment on the

climate change is very, very

critical. Ms Mulyani won't say

how much she thinks the

developed world should pay. But

other countries have. In

Scotland Britain said the

developing world will need

around $170 billion US a year

for the next decade. Australia's Treasurer won't

commit to a figure but he's

denied that his country is

dragging its feet. Australia

has made it very clear, we are

prepared to pay our fair share.

We've said that very clearly

and at the meeting in Scotland

we were very supportive of a

discussion about all of the

options, the institutional

arrangements and the finances. The findings of a

joint study by the two

countries into tackling climate

change in Indonesia have now

been given to the Indonesian

Government. The two Minister

also have a chance to talk

again about climate change

policy at ap peck later this

week. - at apeak. The first

Australian to receive the

Victoria Cross since the

Vietnam war was called on

autopsies to pore the troops

orp orpting in Afghanistan.. SAS Trooper Mark Donaldson is

in Britain where he met the

Queen as par of Rememberance

Day commemorations. It's a long

way from home in Perth and from

Afghanistan where Trooper Mark

Donaldson's extreme bravary

under fire from the Taliban

saved lives and earnt him the

highest battle honours possible. After the private

meeting, he was joined by his

wife Emma and 2-year-old

daughter. The whole family

overwhelmed by the

extraordinary experience. Quite

an honour, quite amazing

experience, you know, quug from

Australia and small country

town to over here to a castle

and to met Her Majesty the

Queen. It's quite outstanding. Trooper Mark Donaldson had already been presented with the Victoria

Cross in Australia but the

meeting at Windsor castle was

another honour the family

hadn't expected.. Being

ex-military myself I understand

what an honour it is and then

to understand that I'm actually

married to that person is just

amazing. Absolutely

amazing. Trooper Mark Donaldson

is taking part in British

Rememberance Day

commemorations. But his

thoughts are also with his

fellow soldiers and the

difficult job they head in

Afghanistan. What the guys and

girls over there are doing at

the moment is quite amazing and

they should definitely have 100% support from everyone that

they can and they need it at

the time as well While in

Britain Trooper Mark Donaldson

will meet some of the ten

surviving Victoria Victoria

recipients, then it's back to

active duty. No thoughts of retirement. While this has been

a celebration of bravary and

survival it's also on this of

all days a poignant reminder of

those who have not been so

fortunate. Today a sombre

ceremony in the village of woot

woot. Its streets filled once

again with people from near and

far. This time to honour six

British soldiers killed in

action in Afghanistan over the

last few days. It's the home

coupling all parents dread.

Sapping the public will to

continue with a war so many now

question. And of course Rememberance Day ceremonies

take place right across the

country at Sen after thes and

me moirials in every state.

They usually start about 10am.

Now we'll go to the front pages

of the major newspapers around

the country this morning. The 'Australian' reports a High

Court decision effectively

shifts the responsibility for

drunken actions away from

publicans and on to the

drinkers themselves. That story

is also in the 'Mercury' where

the Tasmanian publican at the

centre of the hearing cleared

of blame over a motorcycle's

death, and that was after a

night of drinking in his

bar. The 'Financial Review'

reports that more than $1 #

billion of mining projects

shelved during the financial

kriesries back on the agenda z

sentiment improves in the

sector. New Zealand has

rejected an approach from the

Australian Government to

resettle some of the 'Oceanic

Viking' aslyum seekers. That's

on the front page of the

'Age' That story is also in the

smarg with the rebuff coming as

initiative's military describe

the ship as an uninvited

guest. The pressure is mounting

on the PM as the 'Oceanic

Viking' stand-off enters its

fourth week Melbourne has Tiger

mania says the 'Herald Sun' as

thousands of fans lined

Kingston Heath for a glimpse of

golf star Tiger Woods

yesterday That's a fair enough

assessment I think when that

many people turn up just for a

prblingities round of nine

holes. Even he was bowled over by how many people were from

fwl The schizophrenic son of

murdered Sydney father Nick

Waterlow is wanted for

questioning reports the 'Daily

Telegraph', that's after that stabbing murder in Sydney

yesterday. The 'Courier-Mail' reportselal advertising blitzes

will be reined in under new

political funding rules for Queensland. ACT Chief Magistrate Ron Cahill has been

stood down pending the outcome

of a judicial commotion into

his conduct according to to the. Scores of Territory women

claim they've been duped into

relationships by men faking

illnesses to win their love and

that fols yesterday's story on

that very issue. And the

education revolution so-called

is under way with Education Minister Julia Gillard

launching a new website

according to the Adelaide

'Advertiser'. And the acting PM

will join us after 7:30 this

morning to discuss that issue

among others. If you'd like to

send us your feedback -

The discussion this morning

will have to be around the idea

of there being some sort of

national set of Carson of

figures of schools, public

school, in the country, the

issue of league tabs has been a

hotly contested one in

virtually every single State,

Julia Gillard says this suspect

giving you league tables where

you can compare schools but you

can compare schools on the

website. There's actually a

measuring standard there for

you to do that.. There's a lot

of very strong opinions on this issue around the country and it

would be good to hear from you

on that. The top stories on ABC

News Breakfast - New Zealand

has rejected an Australian

proposal to take aslyum seekers

on the 'Oceanic Viking'. The

group has been on board the

ship in Indonesian waters to

more than three weeks and is

refusing to go ashore. The Foreign Minister Stephen Smith

met Indonesian officials about

the issue overnight. At least

25 people have been killed in

another suicide bombing in

Pakistan. 45 others were

injured when the blast went off

near the north-eastern city of

Peshawar. And the Queen has

paid tribute to an Australian

SAS trooper during Britain's

Rememberance Day celebrations. SAS Trooper Mark Donaldson is

Australia's first Victoria

Cross recipient since the

Vietnam war. And back home,

Australians are preparing to

pause for Rememberance Day to

recognise service in overseas conflicts. It's taken nearly

two years but the Coles

supermarlgt chain is finally

turning around for Wesfarmers.

The company said it's pleased

with the retailers performance

in the first mu pfs of the

financial year. To add to the

good news the majority of

shareholders at the Wesfarmers

AGM in Perth endorsed a pay

rise for the company's managing

director. For many Australian

company, it's been a

roller-coaster year. And

Wesfarmers is hoping the ride

is over. Our share price has

been all over the place and

we've had to take decisive

steps to restore investor

confidence Among them a

reduction in the conglonlates

debt with a board opting for a

controversy $4.6 billion

capital rising. We got the debt

monkey off our back and with a

strong balance sheet there's

renewed confidence in our able

to aggressively purr tu Coles turn around.

The chairman told the company's

AGM in Wesfarmers had posted a

44% rise if full year North

profit but cut its difr kend to

$1.10. This come desspy a

prosed increase in intek pay.

At last year's AGM shareholders

voted against the executive

remuneration package. We remain

confidence that our

remuneration structure is

pitched to allow us to attract

and retain quality people but

your board very much recognises

concerns in the community about

these issues and we've done our

best to respond constructively

to the criticism we received 12

months ago. His appeal hit the

right note with an overwhelming

vote in favour of the new

package N describing the

performance of their main

businesses, managing director

Richard Goyder said Coles was

underperforming but had turned

around. While Bunnings delivered excellent results and

K-Mart was showing early science of positive change. But

he warned of the dangers of

another interest rate rise. Our

sense is that while confidence

has returned domestically, it

has returned domestically, it

is still fragile, and I for one am concerned that increasing

interest rates, coupled with

people working less hours, may

impede the pace of

recovery. Wesfarmers shares

closed up 74 cents or nearly 3%

to $27.43. Europe's biggest bank has indicated the worst of

the financial crisis is over.

HSBC Chief Executive Michael

Geoghegan predicted emerging

market also drive the global

recovery but some British banks

are still reeling from the

effects of the global downturn.

Lloyds has announced lit cut

another 5,000 jobs by the end

of the year. The apeek is to be

held in Singapore over the next

few days. On the agenda for the forum will be the question of

whether the group can deliver

for the regional countries

affected by the economic

crisis,. As leader from the 21

aspect countries prepare to

meet security in Singapore is

tight but it's job and economic

security measures that will determine whether this year's

summit is a success. As the

world slowly but uncertainly

emerges from the financial crisis, economists are confident of the region's role

in a post crisis world. They

are at the van guard of this

recovery dynamic, that brings

wit some unique

responsibilities. They essentially have steward ship

for now how the global economy

will recover At the recent G20 meeting in Scotland leaders pledged to siern measures are

in place to avert such kriess

in future. The APEC countries

are promising to carry on with stimulus policies and the meet

willing - and the meeting will

pursue the holy grail of a

freed trade agreement. The

reality is it's the APEC forum

and the Asia Pacific economies

where most of the economic

growth and the economic reality

and the economic traction is

actually going to come

from. We have to keep evolving

to promote openness in markets.

Some of these are through

formal trade agreements, but in

again APEC has been quite

successful in trying to create

conditions for people to act in

mutual self-interest in a way

that hopes doors and reduces

costs. However, APEC summits

have a solid and frustrating

history of heady talk that end

in non-binding agreements. One

of the main criticism of APEC

is it was unable to do anything substantial for the economies

affected by the Asian financial crisis.

The question now is whether

this year's meet willing turn

APEC from its dericive nickname

a place to enjoy coffee to to a

place where economies really

converge We'll take a look at

markets now -

In a few minutes vam will be

here with a look at national

weather for you.. And also

we'll have our dayy review of the newspapers and this morning

we'll be joined by lecturer on International Relations at

Deakin University, Scott

Burchill. But now to sport and

Paul Kennedy is at the Kingston

Heath golf course in Melbourne

this morning. Paul, have there

been any Tiger spottings

there? No, no Tiger yet. I

think he's due to arrive in the

next half an hour but there are

certainly a few people here.

The gates opened at 6 o'clock

and they're starting to get

through to the course, work out

where Tiger will hit off from.

He hits off for the proyam has

7:15 this morning but I'm

standing on the magnificent

18th green here and I'm going to give you some more

information about that course

in a little white because we've

heard Tiger Woods and other

golfing experts say what a

great course it is and how you

don't see a course like this in

America. We'll just tell you a

little bit more about the

intricacies of Kingston Heath

in a moment but we want to take

you back to yesterday and some

pictures of Tiger Woods and

hear from him. Thousands of

people came to see him play, a

lazy nine holes and they

weren't disappointed. They

came from from and wide to see

the world's best golfer. And it

seems Tiger Woods has waited a

long time to see Kingston

Heath. Unbelievable golf

course. I've always been a huge

fan of the sand belt golf

courses, the bunkering is just

- it's just phenomenal. You

don't get a chance to see

bunkering like this any other

place in the world Australia

has seen galaries like this

before but rarely on a Tuesday.

And never has Australian golf

hosted a media conference like

this one. I've always wanted to

come back down here and

unfortunately my schedule

hasn't permitted it but a cans

to come down to Melbourne is

strus a treat About 5,000

people lined the fairways as

Woods played the back nine at

Kingston Heath with Craig

Parry. While helicopters

annoyed the fans. How did you

enjoy Australia's helicopters

this morning? I've never

experienced that before, so,

you know, they're definitely

overhead but they weren't

interfering with play On

completing his round autograph

hunting became the name of the

game. Hi Tiger. On the move,

mate. A lucky few were

rewarded. I love him. Play golf

every weekend just trying to be

like him. Just about to cry

actually. The secret to golfing

success is repetition, and

Tiger Woods will do it all

again when he tees off in the

Pro-am at 7:15. And Joe as I

said we can tell you a bit

about this course now. I'm

joined here ear by the general

manager of Kingston Heath Greg

Chappell who a very excited and

busy time man. Pleasure. Tiger

Woods they say and they've been

saying for a long time that he

loves this course but he's

never played here. Can you

explain why he's so enarmoured

by it? It's not just Kingston

Heath it's actually the

Melbourne sapped belt. He's

excited about the pros pegt of

playing another sand belt

course having played Royal

Melbourne and hunting dl. He's

stepped on our fareways and

appeared to like it. It's all

about the different types of

course we have here in

Melbourne so it's more of a

hard and fast gofrl course,

more natural in terms of its

set-up so Mr Natural grass,

natural bunkering I've heard

that term bunkering. Can you

tell us about that. There's a

bunker here, what's so special

about the bunkering we're

hearing about? It appears

really to be more naturally

placed so it just belongs in the fairway rather than

creating fairways and putting

bumpgers on top of em-Hindmarsh

this is somewhat indicative by

normal standards, relatively

deep and with natural grasses

surrounding them and positions

to catcherant ball disglts

we're looking up the fairway

there of the 18th this is going

to be a remarkable scene over

the next few days isn't it,

because this could be where

it's decided and maybe Tiger

Woods on Sunday might be in the

finish? Well, I suppose his

first job is to make it to

Sunday so he's got to make it

to the weekend but judging on

what we saw yesterday I don't

think that will be a particular

challenge to him but this this 18th ol yesterday was a sight

to see. 7,000 peopling can down

the fairway over the hill and

then Tiger appearing in the

middle and his ball yesterday

was well positioned over the

top of the fair we trap which I

hadn't seen a shot from there

before, and Steve Williams

obviously well tutored

him. What's been the challenge

for you to get this place

ready? I think one of the

challenges was the late spring.

Our course superintendent had

to deal with cool weather and

now he's got quoit the onnies.

We asked for warm weather and

now we've got hot water. The

challenge for us right snow

maintaining the course ready

for the weekend, so we've got

some heat coming on Saturday

but we're pretty confident that

we've got the course ready for

Tiger and organise Geoff Ogilvy

and the rest of the field. I

hope all goes well and today

Tiger tees off at 7:there's no doubt going to be thousands of

people following him and I

actually am sparing a thought

at the moment for the amateurs

that play with him in front of

thousands of people. How thaep

haif brought their A game as

well No mishits. And Tiger

Woods did really seem

generalenly surprised by the

number of people there yesterday. Yes, we saw in that

story also a couple of hiepts

flying above him while he was

puttinging which is unusual and

I guess we hope that that

doesn't can't many in the next

few days, that he can get on

with it and he was a little bit

disappointed with some of the

crowd and the et question used

in Shanghai but I think the

Australian golfing supporters

will probably be a bit better

schooled in that regard and I

think the thousands of people,

they'll be rushing in behind

the scenes but he'll be able to

get on and play golf and do

what he does best as the

world's number one and probably

the world's most prestigious sports person at the

moment. They probably will

behave themselves simply

because they're so absolutely love-struck. Paul thank you for that. We'll talk to you late

ever. Speak to you later. These

can be watched live on the web

from anywhere.snment? Now with

a look at the weather here is

Vanessa O'Hanlon and it's going

to get really hot, it's already

been hot in Adelaide but it

will continue? That's right

Joe. Good morning. In fact it's

very hot at the moment. 29

degrees. It's day five for

South Australia and Victoria's

het wave. This is the first

time Adelaide has had this many

November days over 30 degrees.

Let's go to the satellite

image. Humid easterly winds

over Queensland. Cloudy for

Western Australia and also the

Northern Territory's north-west

but the skies remain clear in

South Australia. Also for

Tasmania. The heatwave

continues for Victoria and

South Australia, the reason -

the hot north-easterly winds

from a high in the Tasmania

man, hot also for inland areas

of Queensland and NSW, and the troughs in Western Australia

are triggering storms over we

were and northern areas,

they'll really fire up

tomorrow. For Queensland -

The top story on News

Breakfast - New Zealand has

rejected a Federal Government

proposal to take some of the

aslyum seekers from the

Australians can Tom ship

'Oceanic Viking'. The proposal

is part of the Government's

plan to try to resolve the

stand off involving 78 aslyum seekers. The have beens have

been on board the ship in

Indonesian waters for more than

three weeks and they're still

refusing to go ashore.

Indonesian officials say the

'Oceanic Viking' can remain in

Indonesian wears until Friday.

The Foreign Minister Stephen

Smith met Indonesian officials

about the issue overnight. He

says he's confident the problem

will be resolved soon. Obviously we would want

it resolved sooner rather than

later. Obviously we want to

have it had it resoled earlier

than now but we effectively

want a positive outcome. I know

people have - some people have

got less patience than us, I

know people want to see an

outcome materialise, but in the

end we'll be judged on the

outcome, the process has taken

longer than we would want but

we continue to work very hard

both in discussions on the boat

and elsewhere to try and get a

positive outcome. Now the man

cone to help fund a solution to

the Federal Government's aslyum

seekers woes say es it's more

than just a law enforcement

issue. David Clinton Johnson

says the demand for people

smugglers can only be reduced

in Sri Lanka gets help

resettling those affected by

its civilian war. The recent

wave of aslyum seekers is a

political thorn in the

Government's side and John

McCarthy is the man hand picked

by Australia's private to help

pull it out. There is a very

serious law enforcement issue,

anti-criminal issue, in this

whole problem and that's got to

be moved on. Many of the people seeking refuge in

Australia are Tamils

fleeingvale after the ep of its

civil war. They're using the

services of people smugglers to

get out of the country. John

McCarthy is in Colombia to make

sure the Sri Lanka Government

is doing what it can to stop

this What we have been doing

here is talking to ministers

about tightening cooperation on

law enforcement, talking about

prosecution of the criminal

syndicates here and also

talking to the navy about

prevention of departures. Those

sorts of approaches I think

make up a combination which we

hope will be effective in the

short-term. But human rights activists say people smuggling won't be stopped until

something is done to ease the

suffering of the nation's Tamil

community. Which they say is

being persecuted following the

end of the country 's civil

war. A part of life in Sri

Lanka is that huge numbers of

people go overseas seeking

employment, but there have also

been long standing political

and human rights problems in

the country and that is a spur

for people want to to g to

escape Sri Lanka as well. There

is merit in doing what we can

by way of assisting

resettlement after Tamils in

the parts of the island from

which they originally came. The

next leg of his trip will take

him to parts of Sri Lanka's war

ravaged north where he's likely

to see first hand what life is

like for the estimated 150,000

Tamils still living in the

country's internally displaced

catches. Let us know what

you're thinking about the

issues of the day. You can send

e mail to us at - In other news

this morning, at least 25

people have been killed in

another suicide bombing in

Pakistan. 45 others were

injured when the blast went off

in Charsadda near the north-east erp city of

Peshawar. This is the third

suicide attack in the region in

as many days. Trooper Mark

Donaldson the first Australian to receive the Victoria Cross

since the Vietnam war was in

Britain where he met the Queen

as part of Rememberance Day celebrations. Back home people

across the nation are preparing

to pause for Rememberance Day

to recognise the service of

Australians in conflits

overseas. More than 10 #,000

Australians have been killed

while serving overseas in the

past century. Australia and

Indonesia have pledged to work

together towards a global deal

on cliedge. During a meeting in

Jakarta Treasurer Wayne Swan

told Indonesia's Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati

that naus is ready to do its

part. Indonesia has expressed

its disappointment that

developing nations failed to

reach an agreement on the cost

of climate change at last

weekend's Scotland summit. And

world leaders have condemned an exchange of fire between North

and South Korean ships along

their western sea border. Seoul

officials say the South Korean

ship opened fire when the

northern ship crossed a

disputed border. North Korea has demanded an apology for

what it calls a grave

provocation. Pyongyang says its

ship did not cross the border.

And the PM Kevin Rudd is on his

way to India in a bid to repair

relations between the

countries. He'll meet with his counterpart Manmohan Singh and

is expected to reassure the

Indian leader that foreign

students are welcome in

Australia. Mr Rudd will spend

two days in India before

travelling to the APEC meeting

in Singapore. As Virginia just

mentioned, a suicide car bomb

has ripped through a busy

shopping street in the town of Charsadda in Pakistan's

north-west. The blast killed at

least 25 people and left dozens

injured. It's the late nest a

series of attacks blamed on

militants retaliating for the

Pakistani army's offensive in

South Waziristan. Pakistanis

are reeling again from yet

another de stating bombing. A

suicide bomber detonated his

car bomb in the early evening

in a crowded shopping sphrip in

the market town of

Charsadda. It was around a

quarter past or half past four.

I was on the way home, after

about one or two minutes after

I'd driven past this place the

blast happened. The wreckage

was widespread, shops and

markets stalls were blown

apart, debris was strewn across

the street and parked cars left

badly damaged. The local

hospital quickly declared an

emergency as it struggled to

treat the growing number of

casualties. Many of the injured

had to be ferried to hospitals

in Peshawar along the road

littered with the remnants of

the explosion. The plast is the

third attack in as many days in

or close to the city of

Peshawar, the capital of

Pakistan's north-west frontier

province. On Monday, a suicide

bomber killed three miss near a

checkpoint while on Sunday at

least treft people died in a

suicide attack in Peshawar

itself. The attacks come as

Taliban militants vow to fight

a guerilla war against the

army. Pakistan's military began

an offensive in South

Waziristan in the north-west

last month to root out the

Taliban. The group is responded

with a wave of intensefied

anabs towns and cities killed

hundred of people. A new report

by the worldwide fund for

nature shows China's longest river is getting warmer and is

falling victim to more extreme

weather ft Scientists warn the

future of the river hinges on

the outcome of global climate

change negotiations later this

year. New research has found

the temperature of the Yang zi

river has risen by 1 degree

over the past 20 years, a

revelation say s that it's

under threat. As you see

ecosystems dry out under

warming temperatures as you sie

wetlands retreat so potentially

profound implications both for

the biyou diversity and for the

human communities who depend on

it 4 #4u7b million people rely

on the basin for their

livelihoods and scientists are

warning their future despend on

international commitment to cut

greenhouse gas emissions.

TRANSLATION: Controlling the

future emission of greenhouse

gases will benefit the river

base inin term of drought

base inin term of drought and

water use. Protracted drought

across southern China caused

the river to drop to its lowest

level since 19 96 raising

further concerns about changing

weather patterns. The report

found wetland areas will be

worst affected by further

temperature rises and low

better levels will jeopardise

the happen at the of a-adequate

quick birds. As well as climate

change , industrial development

and frantic dam building are

putting further pressures on

the marine life and the demupts

that depend on it. We'll take

you live to Texas now where the

US President Barack Obama is

speaking at a special service

at the Fort Hood military base

to remember the 13 people

killed in last week's shooting.

We can bring you those picks live. Eunderstand that Barack

Obama is just about to start speaking. Major Nidal Malik

Hasan - we might leave this for

listen to what's being said

there now. Star Stangeled

Banner plays.

MUSIC

We understand that President

Obama will speak soon at that

ceremony. We know that the

shooter Major Nidal Malik Hasan

who suspected of being behind

the shootings from at Fort

Hood, he was shot and remains

in hospital, but we understand

he's come out of this coma now

and US intelligence authorities

have said they knew that Major

Nidal Malik Hasan has been in

contact with a cleric

sympathetic to al-Qa'ida. They

had a look at the contacts

between Nidal Malik Hasan and

this cleric but they didn't

think the content of the

messages was too concerning. It

did not advocate or threaten

violence so they did not take

action against Major Nidal

Malik Hasan at that

time. You'll remember that 13

people were shot dead at the

Fort Hood military pace. This

service today is apparently

going to be what's described as

a traditional military service.

There'll be prayers and

speeches and a sermon and then

a roll call tribute to the 13

dead and a rifle salute at the

end of the ceremony. Family and

friends of those are gathered

there and we understand that

President Obama will also meet

those families and grieving relatives afterwards as

well And President Obama said

he wanted to visit Fort Hood

which is the largest US

military base in the world. He

wanted to personally express

the incredible heartbreak that

we all feel for the loss of

these young men and women. And

he'll also pledged heeds take

whatever steps are necessary to

make sure that something like

this would never happen

again. So they're live pictures

thur watching from Texas, the

memorial service at the

military base Fort Hood.

President Obama is expected to speak there very shortly and

we'll take you back to Texas

when President Obama is about

to speak. You are watching News

Breakfast. We'll take a look at

the top stories. New Zealand

has rejected a Government

proposal to take aslyum seekers

from the 'Oceanic Viking'. The

group has been on board the

ship in Indonesian waters for

more than three weeks. They're

refusing to go ashore. The Foreign Affairs Minister

Stephen Smith met Indonesian

officials about the issue

overnight. At least 25 people

have been killed in another

suicide bombing in Pakistan. 45 others were injured when the

blast went off in the town of Charsadda near the

north-eastern city of Peshawar.

And the Queen has paid tribute

to an Australian SAS trooper

during Britain's Rememberance

Day celebrations. SAS Trooper

Mark Donaldson is Australia's first Victoria Cross recipient

since the Vietnam war. Back

home, Australians are preparing

to pause for Rememberance Day

to recognise service in

overseas conflicts. We're

joined by lecturer on International Relations at

Deakin University, Scott Burchill. Good morning. Nice to

see you again. What's top of

your list today? Well, as you've mentioned New Zealand

has now rejected Mr Rudd's

offer of taking some of the

aslyum seekers which gives him two problems now. The Indonesians are getting

frustrated and seem to be

wanting a resolution of the

issue. And the New Zealanders

are not really interested so as

I said last time, they've now

subcontracted the problem to

two other Governments who don't

really want it so I'm not sure

where the Government now stands

on the issue. It's getting to

the point now where there isn't

an obvious solution and it's

looking incredibly embarrassing

I think for the Australian

Government. Do you think Nauru

could come into the picture now? After what the Government

said about the Pacific solution

when Mr Howard was in

Government I think it would be

just too hypocritical to go

back there but it's getting to

the stage where they haven't

really got any other good options. Christmas Island is obviously available to process

certain number of people, but I

really don't know whether - if they can't solve this problem

on this occasion, what are they

going do when the next boat

aload arivs. Until they get a

perm fept solution or at least

deal with these occasions when

they rive it's going to be

embarrassing headlines for the

Governmental the time. Does

that stand-off off the coast of

Indonesia indicate to you that

there is some problem,

something that's not working with the Australia-initiative

relationship or does it all

come down to the defiance of

the aslyum seekers

themselves? I think it's a

combination of both, but why

were the Indonesian Governments

want to give us a helping hand

on the issue? After all, in the

past we've criticised them for

for allowing the smeem

smugglers to operate and Sen

these people south. So after that, why would we expect them

to help us out with a problem

that's not very embarrassing

for them but is for us and of

course media coverage of the

issue is now a regular thing on

Australian television, and

there's nothing the Government

can really do to suppress

that. Look at this issue in

isolation though, the fact that

these people were picked up in

Indonesian waters, the onus

really is on Indonesia to

accept these people if

possible. Just looking at it on

a reasonable and sensible

level? Sure. But I think the

issue of humanitarian relief

for aslyum seekers doesn't have

the same profile in fish as it

does in Australia so although

this issue is headlines in the

'Age' and various newspapers

this morning, it's not feg the

similar coverage in Indonesia.

They can get away with doing

not much about this. Leaving

aside Australia's entreaties to

Sri Lanka who do you imagine

the Sri Lankan Government will

be doing in relation to the

outflux of aslyum seekers from

that country? Encouraging it

suspect. The war against the

Tamils was seen as a victimsory

for the Government in Sri

Lanka. They regard the Tamil

Tigers as a thorn in their side

for 30 years. They finally won

the civil war. They're not

really interested in whether a

whole Burge of Tamil refugees

are pushed to the four corners

of the earth. No matter what

Sri Lanka might be saying to Australia, we shouldn't believe

them? I don't see why thevales

would want to help Australia

without with a refugee or aslyum seeker problem. We've

been told there's some sort of

agreement stuck? Maybe,

Governments want to get good

relations but why would the

Tamil - why would the Sri

Lankan Government want to alter

their policy which for them,

the Government there, has been

incredibly popular among the

population. You can't see the

Sri Lanka Government increasing

patrols of that northern area

of Sri Lanka to ensure that

boats carriling aslyum seekers

don't leave the area? No,

England they want to get rid of

them. Why would they help out

Australia. There's nothing in

it for them and #24ez people

have been a problem for them

when they're insit you. There's

no reason why thid want want to

help us out with a domestic

political issue. You'd be surprised if that has any

impact? This is the problem.

The Australian Government has

an ad hoc policy on this dealing with each boat load as

it arrives and they haven't got

a policy which can be applied

in each case. I know you're looking, continuing to look at foreign affairs this morning

but this time concerning the

Middle East situation? The

political strategy of the

President Obama Administration

in Afghanistan has clapped and

now it's clapped in the Middle

East with Palestinians as well.

Mahmoud Abbas the Palestinian

Authority President has said

that he won't stand for

re-election in January. He has been Washington's principal

interlokter in the negotiations

with the Israelis a hoobase

Chris said, "Look you've

allowed the Israelis to keep

building on settlements on the West Bank after ordinary

oerding them to freeze those

settlement expansions, why

would we come toet party and to

the negotiating table when the

Israelis are able to defy your

insthrukss when you came to

power?" So now not only do they

have the Israelis basically

doing what they want, they

don't have anyone on the

Palestinian side to talk to and blnt was in Washington

yesterdayment he part-time

turned up unannounced, wacial

had to give him a meeting with

the President who didn't really

want to talk no press

conference after the meeting

which signals things are not

all that rosy between the two

men and we've got a situation

now where if anything progress

in settling the issue has gone

back Warriors You wouldn't have thought that we would have come

to this situation now because

all the strong words were

directioned at Israel six

months ago? Indeed. The Barack

Obama strs has set themselves

up for failure because they

said a precondition for

negotiations is a complete

freeze on the ex-population of

those settlements on the West

Bank. Then they changed their

policy about three or four

weeks ago saying we understand

there's some natural growth can

occur but we prefer you not to

expand too quickly. The

Palestinian have said, "Hang on

a minute ur not even standing

up for your own policy. There's

nothing in it for us and Abbas

has said that he's on a hiding

to nothing. He's out. He's not

going to stand for re-election

and now they're policy in many

complete disarray. Do you reckon that Nobel peace prize

is going to be shoved to some

obscure mantle in the White

House? I don't think he'll want

to be reminded. It's going

badly in Iraq,ter why in talk

as we now know from this

morning o's bombing and

Afghanistan is in complete

cayos because the arz eye

Administration is teen to be

complitly ill leit

military. President Obama will spending a few days in China soon? He'll apparently announce

his new Afghanistan policy at

the end of that Asian trip, but

the word coming out of

Washington is that the solution

is not going to please anyone,

not the people who want to

withdrawal, not the people who

want a complete escalation of

troop numbers. It's something

in the middle which will seem

to be unsatisfying to all

concerned. We have a bit of

time left just to jump ahead to

the 'Herald Sun' story that you

wanted to look at. Tiger manna

hitting Australia. Let's hope

he maybes the cut. The amount

of publicity the 'Herald Sun'

has given the Tiger Woods story

this morning, just goes for

pages How many pages does it

run to About five or six I it knocks everything else off

except for a couple of football engagement stories but the

'Herald Sun' has basically

bought into the Tiger mania

completely but it's

extraordinary, the coverage. I

know it's done wonders forethe

attendance at the the golf

tournament but let's just hope

he gets through to the final

cut because the numbers are

going to drop off on Saturday

and Sunday if he's not

there. I'm assume you're not a

golf fan from this rather

sneering response to this

coverage? Golf courses are the

things that are parks that are

lost and should be given back

to people with wander ing

around. He was asked about that

yesterday at the PM about this

view in Australia that emerged

over the last year or so from

people that golf was a boring

game and that had affected

sponsorship and his response

was that people who say they

obviously have not played the

game and enjoyed the game? I

must be one of those

irredeemable citizens I'll meet

you on the green and we'll have

a hit off. You'll win. Nice to

see you Scott, Thank you,

Virginia. Now to sport and here

is Paul Kennedy out at Kingston

Heath? Thank you. I can tell

you that Scott is by himself on

this one as far as all the

people that want to come to the

Kingston Heath course today.

There's hundreds of people

turning up to make their way to

the first tee where Tiger Woods

will hit off in about 15

minutes and you talk about a

piece of land being used by the people at the moment. It's attracting thousands and

there's expected to be able

7,000 or 8,000 people turn up

to watch Tiger play with a

couple of businessman today.

They'll get their money's worth

and he'll play 18 holes today.

He played nine holes yesterday

and 7,000 people just watched

him stroll around. There'll be

more of the same and more Tiger

mania from me in about half an

hour. I'll give you some

statistics and I'll be about

the to educate those

non-golfing people on why Tiger

Woods is such an effective and

great sport person. We coil see someone watering the green

there behind you. They were -

Tiger Woods was saying

yesterday the greens were a bit

slow at this stage but they

will dry out very quickly with

the heat in Melbourne. Yes. It

will be a balancing act because

the hot water will really dry

the greens out and the last

thing they want is for them to

be too fast, there's to birdies

shot in the next few days, so

there'll be plenty of water. I

hope it's recycled water. I'll

have to ask that gentleman but

we don't want it to di mipish

the water storages but maybe

for a few days it's worth it to

make sure that these greens are

at least playable. We'll take

you back to forts hood in Texas

now. President Obama is

speaking at a special service

there. Let's have a there. Let's have a listen. Most importantly to

family, friends and members of

armed forces. We come together

filled with sorrow for the 13

Americans that we have lost.

With grat fewd for the lives

that they led and with a

determination to honour them

through the work we carry on.

This is a time of war. Yet

these Americans did not die on

a foreign field of battle, they

were killed here. On American

soil. In the heart of this

great State and the heart of

this great American community.

This is the fact that makes the

tragedy even more painful, even

more in comprehensible. For

those families who have have

lost a loved one, no words can

fill the void that's been left.

We knew these men and women a

as soldiers and care givers.

You knew them as mothers, and

fathers, sons and daughters,

sisters and brothers. But here

is what you must also know -

your loved ones endure through

the life of our nation. Their

memory will be honoured in the

places they lived and by the

people they touched. Their

life's work is our security and

the freedom that we all too

often take for granted. Every

evening that the sun sets on a

tranquil town, every dawn that

a flag is unfurled, every

moment that an American enjoys

life liber