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Stateline (NSW) -

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(generated from captions) emergencies, meanwhile a

lightning strike started a fire

that destroyed a home in

Sydney. One of the men

convicted of murdering heart

asurgeon Victor Chang will stay

behind bars after the parole

board reversed a decision that

would have seen him deported to

Malaysia and there's more dissent in the Liberal Party

over emissions trading. Tony

Abbott says it could be easier

to fight an election over the

issue rather than reach a deal

with the Government. And that

is ABC News for this Friday. Stay with us now for Stateline

with Quentin Dempster. We'll

leave you with with the latest

arrival at Perth zoo, a baby

public appearance today. orangutan that made its first

Goodnight. This Program Is Captioned

Live. It's time for a fresh

start. This week.: I,

Nathan. Also on the road to

Canberra for an apology. Some

radiotherapy treatment for of had Parramatta girls. And

cancer. It depends on where you

live. I had to travel either

to Newcastle or to Sydney for

that treatment. Welcome to

Stateline NSW, I'm Quentin

Dempster. With one speech at

the ALP State conference last

Saturday afternoon, Premier

Nathan Rees tried to deal

himself back into electoral

contention. Over the soon-dead

political bodies of Joe Tripodi

and Ian McDonald he sought and

received conference support to

bust the Labor Caucus power to

select Cabinet Ministers and

after a year of prevarication

and deflection he announced that State Labor would no

longer take money from property

developers. The speech stunned

conference delegates, the

Premier's many media critics

and his white anters in the

parliamentary Labor Party. A

reprisal attack is expected

given NSW Labor's tradition of

personal grudges and deep

hatreds. While Nathan Rees is

hoping for a bounce in the polls from his assertion of

authority and leadership, if he

make as political mistake or

slip in coming months he

remains in grave danger from

many enemies he has now

create. Delegates, the change

begins today. In the speech of

his short political life,

Nathan Rees has confronted his

own party's culture and mote s

operandii on two fronts, his

addictive dependence on slush

fund cash from property

developers and back room Caucus

selection of Ministers of the

Crown. The speech surprised

even shocked delegates and

observers who had all but

written off the young Premier.

From today, the NSW Labor Party

will ban donations from APPLAUSE developers.

Not another cent.And we will

put that ban into law.

Delegates, our first Labor

Prime Minister, Nick Waterlow,

has given the power to select

his own power. That tradition

has recently been revived by

Kevin Rudd and Anna Bligh. The

consequence, two handsome

election victories they've

recently won for our party. I

come before you too to - I am

brfr you today to seek the same

authority, not after an

election victory but in order

to win one. I seek this

authority for one reason and

one reason alone, so that Labor

leaders present and future can

appoint cabinets in which the

people of NSW have full

APPLAUSE confidence. Delegates...

Delegates, I do not ask this

lightly. I simply stand before

you trusting that you

understand what I seek and the

reasons that I seek it. I want

to lead a party that up holds

the same high standards as when

Labor's journey first began, a

party built on the age-old

values of unity, of discipline

and integrity and respect. Facing political

oblivion themselves along with

Labor in Government, the right

and left factions joined forces

to back the Premier's desperate

audacity. Nathan Rees informed

myself and Luke Foley of this

change early this morning

Every leader of every major

political party has to be able

to answer in the affirmative

one key question - do you

choose your own team? Caucus

power in NSW Labor was eclipsed

on the voices. There was no

procedural fairness for

Ministers Joe Tripodi and Ian

McDonald. On Sunday Mr Rees

asked for and received their

resignations from Cabinet. No

reasons were given. It's

politics and their political

blood was needed to symbolise

the Rees authority. The

Premier did not give me a

reason. We didn't have a chance

to talk about it but I do

accept his prerogative to make

those decisions Were you blind

sided by Graham Weatherburn and

head office? That's a question

for the people who were

involved. I didn't expect this.

It's happened. I accept now

this the situation. I'll

continue to be a loyal Labor

Party member of parliament. The

Premier's assertion of

authority also included an

announcement of $1.3 billion

for the southwest rail

extension to start work by mid

next year. This apparently is

now affordable through the

State's strengthening economy.

I, Nathan, has emerged through

the blood and battle of broken

promises and the relentless

white ants to proclaim that he

is now the main. I have made

it very clear at the weekend

what I am about. I want a fresh

approach and over the coming

period you will see more of my

agenda. A fresh approach I am

insisting on in my team. I want

a fresh approach. I am

delivering it. The agenda I

want delivered will be

delivered. I accept people of

NSW wanted a fresh approach. I

determine what's fresh. Steyne's joint standing

committee on electoral matters

will now seek public

submissions on donations

reform. For democracy for sale

website analyst Dr Norman

Thompson, Mr Rees's

announcement was the

culmination of seven years

work. Stateline first featured

Dr Thompson's research efforts

in 2002. Retired academic Dr

Norman Thompson is a one day a week volunteer researcher for

the Greens. While the AEC lists

all party political, private

and corporate donations,

transparency is limited. You

can't tell who many donors

actually are. Dr Thompson's

been laboriously telephoning

and emailling them to try to

find out. Now the smalling

companies have been very

helpful. They typically give me

the information very quickly.

The larger companies, I've had

a few that have actually

refused to give me the information which I found very

strange. The information is

what do they do? Yes, I've

asked what they do, what does

your company do? A couple of

companies have said, "We don't

feel we can give this

information out." One turned

out to be a large property

developer in Adelaide giving to

the NSW Labor Party. Through

this pain staking method, for

the first time Dr Thompson has

been able to categorise the

donors into vested interest

groups including...unions,

developers, financiers, clubs,

hotels and restaurants, gaming,

media communications, tobacco

and alcohol and law firms. Dr

Thompson remains skeptical

about the current reform

process. There was a very

good and comprehensive inquiry

by the upper hOusz in 2008.

They came up with very many

very good recommendations and I

think these recommendations

should be the starting point

for the new inquiry how to

implement them rather than

starting from scratch

reinventing the wheel. I think

that we should ban all

corporate and union donations

and cap donations from

individuals and of course cap

election expenditure which is

very important. Other

countries have done it? Yes,

Canada has. We've talked about

this in the past. Canada has a

system that's evolved over the

years. They've refined it. It's

with stood Canadian Supreme

Court challenges and it works

and I think that's a very good

model for Australia. You remain

skeptical that this will ever

be introduced? Yes, I must

admit I am a bit skeptical. I

just can't understand why they

don't start with the

recommendations of the last

inquiry and begin to find ways

to implement them so that they

work as well as they

should. Nathan Rees, who

famously admitted two months

ago that his party in

Government had discredited

itself in the eyes of the

people of NSW, is trying to

turn over a new leaf. That may

be hard. Next week the Greens

will use parliamentary

privilege to table evidence and

ask more questions about the

personal property dealings of two prominent Labor Party

figures and one of the party's

donor developers. And today the

Upper House Badgerys Creek

planning inquiry confirmed it

will seek to recall Graham

Richardson, the lobbyist of

choice for Labor's biggest

donor developers. There remain

many unanswered questions. It

was an historic week for

thousands of the so-called

Forgotten Australians, the men

and women who grew grew up in

fautser homes and institutions,

often suffering from abuse at

the hands of those charged with

looking after them. Long time

Stateline viewers may recall

the stories from 2003 and 2004

about the women incarcerated at

the Parramatta girls' home and

the Hay prison for girls. Over

many decades those State-run

institutions delivered a model

of care toteenage girls that

was harsh, brutal and often

sadistic. Many of the women who

had the misfortune of being

sent to Parramatta and Hay,

some of whom have featured in

past Stateline stories, travel

to Canberra on Monday to

receive the apology from the

Prime Minister. Sharon O'Neill

reports.

For the former residents of

the Parramatta Girls' Home, the

day the Government said sorry

was a long time coming. I've

got a feeling of surreal

feeling like who would have

thought back in the '70s when

we were incarcerated as

children that the Prime

Minister of Australia would be

acknowledging our pain? I'm

pretty excited. I mean, it's

been 2003 when we had the reunion here and then we went

up into Hay in 2004 so this is

like another venture into our

healing for all Parramatta

girls, for all Forgotten

Australians so I'm pretty

excited about that. Christina

Green and Deborah Harris's

journey to Canberra on Monday

started at the site of the

former girls' home, a place

where teenage girls were sent

by the courts because they were

deemed to be uncontrollable and

in moral danger. For years many

of these women kept silent

about the horrors of what went

on behind the walls of the

girls' home but a reunion in

2003 changed all that. In '62

and '67 me and Irene were here.

I did 4.5 years, four terms

because I was a State ward y

didn't have a mum and dad. I

broke into a school tuck shop

because by mother and father

split up and I had nothing to eat. I never damaged the school, I never done anything

to the school, all I done was

feed meself. I never hurt

anybody. I never hurt anybody.

Only meself. We were never

asked why we ran away from home

and they kept sending us back

and what they sent us back to

was worse and we were never,

ever, ever asked. Sorry. We

were never sat in a classroom.

We were never offered an

education. When released we

weren't offered an altern

ative, we were sent back to the

abusive place we came from.

I'm hurt today when I think

back to what I endured as a

child which is every child's

nightmare, to be loved, to be

nurch scpred all we were given

was nightmares. I don't

believe that there were any

girls in here that were bad. I

really don't.

Mischievous...having lot of

cheekiness in them but not

bad. Once upon a time it was

considered shameful to admit

you were a Parramatta girl but

today the Parra girls, as they

call themselves, have come to

Parliament House to receive an

apology from the highest

office. And today's for you

guys. Thank you. It's for

you. But the Prime Minister's

official apology would inevitably take these women

back to a deeply sinister

past. We look back with shame

at how those with power were

allowed to abuse those who had

none. For these failures to

offer proper care to the

powerless, the voiceless and

the most vulnerable, we say

sorry. In 2004, some of the

Parra girls took a traumatic

journey back to the former

girls' prison at Hay. Girls who

misbehaved at Parramatta were

sent to Hay as part of a

State-run experiment that

failed miserably. From the

station the girls were driven

by car to the jail. It seemed

like out in the middle of

nowhere. There was just

wheatfields and dry land. When

I first had a good look at the

inside of the place, I thought,

"My God, this is terrible." It

just looked like it was a

derelict building that hadn't

been used for years. But if the

buildings looked harsh and

draconian they were a match for

the rules. We weren't allowed to talk to one another. We

weren't allowed to talk.

Everything was military. The

daily routine for these teenage

girls was harsh and regimented

as this official standing

orders document shows. Walk

left and right, turn, two paces

forward, march! If you didn't

have your knees lifted up high

they'd come up to your ear and

say, "Lift them knees higher,

Reilly." If you didn't lift

them higher they'd grab you by

the scruff of the neck and

throw you into isolation and if

you went off with a bit of a

struggle you copped a severe

bashing again. They were big

men. We were only 15-year-old

girls and all these men at

Parramatta and Hay, they were

big men. Let us resolve this

day that this national apology

becomes a turning point in our

nation's story. A turning point

for shattered lives, a turning

point for Governments at all

levels and at every political

hue and colour to do all in our

power to never allow this to

happen again.

I was thrill would the

apology. It's acknowledgment

and as Mr Rudd and Mr Turnbull

said, we weren't believed and

that was true with some

families, some friends, co-

workers. We just weren't

believed and now it's out there

and it's out there and people

know that all these years it

wasn't just a figment of my

imagination what happened. It

was a long and emotional day

for the Parra girls, a day that

ended back at the old girls'

home. I just think it's been a

tremendous step forward. I

mean, in 200000 years we've

finally got a Prime Minister

that's given us acceptance that

these things did hap He's given

us an apology and I kemed that

Kevin Rudd, what he's done

today, and I think his words

have really spoken to each and

everyone of us and I think it's

been a very healing day.I think

there's still a long way to go

but today's been the first step

and I think it's been an

enormous step. The next step

for these women is a campaign

to have the former girls' home

made into a living memorial as

a reminder and acknowledgment

of a past that is no longer a

secret. Delays, lots of travel,

gridlock, that can be your lot

if you've got cancer and live

in the wrong part of NSW. The

Cancer Council has conducted

interviews with cancer patients

across the State, identifying the problems they've

encountered trying to obtain

ideaio therapy treatment. The

resulting report which we can

reveal tonight on Stateline has

uncovered some alarming

stories. Cancer patients forced

to wait weeks or months for

life-saving treatment, others

doomed to a premature death

because they can't get

treatment at. All Nick Grimm

reports. The down times are

pretty quiet. You just try and

keep up and keep going. How

hard is it? It's pretty hard.

I've got pictures on the wall

of my friends and family in the

house so I can usually

visualise things. It's nice

when you wake up in had morning

and see pictures of your dogs,

your friends, your family.

That's a nice thing to wake up

to. Graham Saunders has spent

the past six weeks living out

of a suitcase. Never an easy

experience for anyone but it's

especially tough for a cancer

patient striving to remain

positive and upbeat despite

loneliness and isolation. On

the outside Graham looks OK.

He's like a duck on water. He

looks serene, calm and grateful

but underneath he's paddling

like mad just to hold it

together. I sort of treat it

like a holiday. The first week

was a bit daunting but now I

look at it as a holiday as far

as make the best of what I've

got to deal with and that

changed my whole psyche around

about it to make it easier for

me to get through the quiet

times. Home for Graham Saunders

is near Coffs Harbour on the

State's north coast. When

doctors discovered his cancer

had relams adfew months ago he

expected to be able to receive

the urgent treatment he needed

at a public radiotherapy unit

set up in Coffs Harbour just

two years ago. They said I

couldn't wait until November to

get it done so I had to come to

Sydney to get it done as soon

as possible. What was the

reason for such a long delay?

I am assuming was chock-a-block

of other patients from Coffs

Harbour area and surrounding

areas and it was prebacked s

prior to this. It's on the guy

go all the time. Ray Araullo

is a clinical social worker

based at Sydney's Royal North

Shore Hospital. He sees many

patients like Graham Saunders,

people forced to travel far

from home at one of the most

difficult times in their

lives. Often you're either

newly diagnosed and you've got

a day or two to try to put all

these logistics together - accommodation, transport,

financial implications, or if

you've got a relapse disease

you might have a week's notice

to get down but all of those

logistics are in the context of

someone who's fighting cancer so emotionally and psychological it's a

confronting time for them. But

the lack of access to

radiotherapy services in the

State isn't merely an

inconvenience. It's a matter of

life and death. 14% of cancer

patients miss out on the

radiotherapy they need. It's

been estimated that over a

10-year period that equates to

around 8,000 avoidable deaths.

Something like 40,000 years of

life were lost in those 10

years when there were cancer

patients not receiving

radiotherapy who would have

benefitted from it. That

equates to an average of five

years wiped from the life

expectancy of each of those

patient whose lose their battle

with cancer. Faced with those facts, the Cancer Council went

look fling the stories behind

the statistics. We invited cancer patient said from all around the State to ring our

help line and share their story

about needing radiotherapy. The

report that we're releasing

this week really documents the

human perspective of that, the

cancer patient's perspective on

the barriers they face when

they needed radio therapy, the

psychological impact, the

emotional impact, the financial

impact and the practical

problems in accessing

radiotherapy. The Cancer

Council report is called

Roadblocks to Radiotherapy.

When you're first diagnosed

with the big C eight weeks

seems... I've had breast

cancer and can't leave the farm

for treatment... After 51

years of marriage it was the

longest I've been away from my

wife. It is hard for us to get

to treatment as we are getting

old... I my medical team

recommend yed have radio

therapy immediately. There are

the stories too of patients

left with no other choice but

to use private radiotherapy

centres. If my daughter didn't

pay for the treatment I'd never

have been able to afford it.

The Government should come to

the party a bit more. There are

people who can't afford... We

now have a $4,000. We can't pay

it. It's a gruelling

experience. The cancer journey

is not an easy one to

travel. Kate Jennings lives on

the State's Central Coast. It's

an area where there is no public radiotherapy centre so

when Kate Jennings was

diagnosed with breast cancer

she was given a choice, have a

masstoikt or face a 4-hour

round trip to Sydney every day

for 6.5 weeks. Was lucky. We

bought a cheap car,

a,000-dollar rust buck toot get

me backwards and forwards. I

was going down to Sydney at the

end of six month of pretty

gruelling chemotherapy and I

had to drive each way and it

knocks you out. It's a tough

6.5 weeks,let me say. With her

treatment now over, Kate

Jennings is gradually getting her energy back and her

appetite for a healthy life but

she knows others have had an

even tougher journey. I sat

next to a girl during my

chemotherapy here at Gosford

and she had two young children

but she had no choice. She

said, "I had to have a

mastectomy. There there's no

way in the world I could travel

five hours each day by train to

Sydney to have radiotherapy.

She said that was absolutely

not an option." She had to

choose between losing a body

part or having therapy that was

the best option for her. I

think that that's deplorable in

this day and age and we

shouldn't be asked to make that decision. For Kate Jennings,

perhaps the cruelest aspect of

that dilemma is the fact there

is a radiotherapy centre on the

Central Coast but it's a

private one. It's got the

capacity to treat public

patients as well so why doesn't

the Government simply pick up

the tab for publish patients

needing urgent treatment?

That would be a good question

to ask the Government. We have

recommended in those areas of

the State where the only

radiotherapy centre is private

the Government should purchase

treatment. Stateline sought an

interview with Health Minister

Carmel Tebbutt and the Minister

assisting her on cancer issues

Barbara Perry. Both were

unavailable but the State

Government does point out it

will fund two addition al

radiotherapy machines in the

State by year's end and by the

next State election in 2011 two

new treatment centres will have

opened in regional areas but the Cancer Council point out

that increase is being outpaced

by the growth in the number of patients needing treatment as a

result of the State's aging

population, the fact that

people are living longer and

cancer is being diagnosed and

treated earlier. It is really

about facilities being overwhelmed and it's partly

about the fact that the gap

between what's needed and

what's actually available is so

large that even by the time a

new facility is established in

a regional area it can't keep

pace with the new level of

demand. And in the face of

that the Cancer Council is

calling for a new retail

licence fee to be imposed on

tobacco retailers to help fund

more radiotherapy centres

across the State. Kate Jennings

knows the linear accelerator

machines used for radiotherapy

don't come cheap but she knows

even better that there's a

terrible cost to not having

enough. Radiotherapy is a form

of treatment that is successful

and for people not to be able

to access radiotherapy means

live s being chopped in half.

Years lost off lives. Thanks

Nick Grimm. That's us for this

week. The '7.30 Report' will be

back on Monday. Bye-bye.

Imp Closed Captions by CSI

Premier, if you look at this

list you've promoted a couple

of your potential leadership

rival s , it doesn't really

look altlike your own Cabinet but making sure the numbers are

still with you. Andrew, you

are a political journalist,

alright. If you don't understand the gravity of what

has occurred over the last 48

hours I'm not going to spend

the day explaining it to you.

Why have you promoted these

people? Because they're good

at their job. Simple as that.

Is there a risk in this? Of

course there is but they're good

* Hi. I'm Andy Muirhead. Welcome to Collectors. This is tonight's mystery object. It's solid glass - it's pretty heavy - and about 2cm thick. What could it be used for? Well, stick around and find out. 'Mr Punch has a surprise for you. You'll see the largest antiques collection in the Southern Hemisphere. Gordon's admiring a Queensland classic. And meet the motorcycling mayor.'

Evening, guys. Hello. Now, as well as all of that tonight, we're gonna see, on one piece of paper, all four Beatles autographs. Ooh. Nice. Have you guys got autograph collections? Have you got anyone famous? I've got one. I've got a Mark Bolan-signed T. Rex album, which I think is pretty cool.