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ABC News 24: The World -

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(generated from captions) Good evening. I'm blech,

Bevan. On tonight's program -

the Malaysia solution scuttled.

Australia's High Court declares

the asylum seeker swap deal invalid, leaving the Federal Government's policy in tatters.

You're watching 'The World'. This Program Is Captioned

Live. This decision has potential

ramifications not only for our arrangement with Malaysia, arrangement with Malaysia, but

for offshore processing more for offshore processing

coverage of the political generally. We have full

fallout here in Australia and reaction live from reaction live from Malaysia.

Also tonight - Eid celebrations

in Tripoli as a weekend deadline for pro-Gaddafi forces fast approaches. Johannesburg

violence. The leader's disciplinary hearing

to continue in a secret

location. And couples bend over

backwards for the top spot in the World Cup of tango. This Program Is Captioned Live.

We begin tonight with the

High Court's crushing blow to

the Federal Government's asylum

seeker policy. It's ruled that the Immigration Minister seeker policy. It's ruled that

exceeded his legal powers in clinching the deal. Chris admits the decision is profoundly disappointing. And although the government could

try to fix the situation with

new laws, it's finding no

friends in Parliament friends in Parliament to back it. First East Timor, now Malaysia. Another so-called asylum seeker solution that's

no solution at all. Let's no solution at all. Let's make

no bones about it. Today's

decision by the High Court is profoundly disappointing one. decision by the High Court is a

me. Not to mention surprising government, disappointing to

and politically devastating. Today's decision

is a significant blow but it

does not undermine my or the government's determination to

break the people smug lrs'

business model. Just a few

weeks ago the minister was extremely confident. The Commonwealth

Commonwealth Government is on very strong legal grounds. strong legal grounds. That very strong legal grounds. Very

grounds just crumbled beneath

him. The The government wanted to send 800 asylum seekers to

Malaysia and take thousands refugees in return. It's still Malaysia and take thousands of

inclined to take the refugees,

so a one for five people swap's

turned into none for 4,000. Our

clients are extremely relieved

that the court has ruled by a large majority, 6-1, that the

to Malaysia government's plan to expel them

court found Malaysia's not legally bound to provide sufficient human rights

safeguards. Given it hasn't

signed the refugees convention.

Robert French even noted

there's no evidence of any legal protection against

caning, contradicting the government's repeated

assurances. Yet another

recognition of yet another policy failure by

could try to legislate its way out of trouble, but out of trouble, but it's unlikely to find the numbers in

the Senate. Not only is harmful for the Senate. Not only is this

is this expensive, but it's now illegal. The High Court dealt a heavy blow to illegal. The High Court has

didn't government that certainly dealt a heavy blow to a

didn't need one. One

catastrophic. Cabinet will now backbencher called the

try to decide what to do next. All options are on the table, including one that was politically unthinkable. including one that was once Reopening a detention centre on in or out in terms of our

response. That's because the High Court's raised more

questions than questions than answers. Thank

you very much. Cheers. On Christmas Island, asylum

seekers cheered as the decision

was handed down. And many

locals say they're also

relieved. The ABC's Jane Norman

after the decision was handed is on the island. Just minutes

down, we could hear cheering

and clapping from inside the Phosphate Hill detention

watching the events unfold on the asylum centre. We've since been told

television. Workers say television. Workers say the

men, women and children were

jumping up and down, overjoyed

at the decision. You will have

people that aren't without

sort hope, people who have got some

to being processed by Australia. The Christmas

Island Shire President has

described the decision as a win

for asylum seekers, but a huge blow for Government. Gordon Thompson blow for the Federal

never supported the Malaysia solution and says commonsense

has prevailed. When people come

here, we have to look after

claims. And if they're them. We have to process

determined to be refugees, they

get to stay. That's the way it should be. It's understood the

335 men, women and children due to be deported will now have

their claims for asylum

processed here in Australia.

The 91 children in the group will also have access will also have access to

to business as usual. I think schooling. I think it is back

the department's already getting the kids school here getting the kids into the

Department says it's still thing. The Immigration

going through the details of it's unclear whether those the High Court decision, and

asylum seekers will remain here on Christmas Island or if they will be transferred to the

mainland.

for local reaction to the

decision in just a decision in just a moment. But

first, let's speak to political

correspondent Latika Bourke in

Canberra for more on the political fallout there. political fallout there. What

reaction has there been from

the Prime Minister to this? The Prime Minister's been in

Queensland attending a seniors

forum with the local member up there, Shane leaving this venue in Ipswich,

she was greeted by a media

them. hoard. She cheerfully greeted

them. And let's listen to what

she had to say. We are going to she had to say. We

study this High Court decision.

But nothing in it is going to diminish

diminish our resolve to break

the people smugglers' business

model. We will study the decision, though. Thank decision, though. Thank you very much.

How much of a bind is the

government in on this issue, given they're trying given they're trying to satisfy the electorate's the electorate's demands, and

at the same time, deal with the growing misgivings in some sectors of the party itself? I think I'd say think I'd say that they're in a

very tight, twisted, knotted

bind at this point. You heard

the Prime Minister there

talking tough about sending a

message to people smugglers

that she still remains committed to smashing

committed business model. business model. Unfortunately, she lacks a method now thanks to this High Court ruling. This

has always been a very has always been a very complex issue for any Australian

Government. But in for Labor. I remember not too

long ago, a Labor staffer long ago, a Labor staffer in the Prime Minister's office telling me that every time asylum seekers is mentioned in

the news, the polls go the news, the polls go down for

Labor. Yet some within Labor,

particularly its left faction,

do have very private misgivings

about Australia's treatment of

asylum seekers under this Labor Government. Although not many

of them have expressed that of them have expressed that as

publicly as you might expect. However, others realise that

this is an issue that this is an issue that the

Federal Opposition is gaining mope

successfully prosecuted the

government over. Bearing in

mind what the Labor MP told you about the words asylum seekers

and the effects on the polls,

more braufdly, what effect is

this likely to be, likely to

have on a government already struggling to gain traction

with the electorate? The Prime

Minister really needed this

judgment to go her way. She's

struggling on numerous other

policy fronts and also credibility fronts. But

the High Court has delivered her a disastrous blow the day she took over from Kevin Rudd as Prime Minister,

she said that under Kevin Rudd

the government had lost its

way. And she identified asylum

seekers as one of the issues

that she would rectify as Prime

Minister. Now we've seen her

have an attempt at have an attempt at an East Timor solution and now the Malaysian solution which is

really for this point in time a

solution no solution no longer until the

government can come up with

another policy. Latika Bourke in Canberra, thanks for your

time. Thank

go to Malaysia now. Sharuna

Verghis is director and

co-founder of a group called Health Equity Initiatives a community based

that focuses on the health that focuses on the health and rights of refugees and asylum seekers. Sharuna Verghis joins us live from Kuala Lumpur.

Thank you very much for your

time tonight. time tonight. Firstly, your reaction to the reaction to the Australia High

Court ruling? We are related, this is a celebration of justice for us, because it's a momentous, it's a momentous

victory for refugees as well as

refugee activists, not only

because there were the because there were the issues of constricted refugee

protection for the refugees

arriving in Malaysia, but also because there were broader

global concerns related to

refugee protection in relation

to the refugee swap. Let's look at both those issues you

raise there. Firstly , the protections or the limited

Can you give us - paint a

picture for us. How are refugees treated by refugees treated by the Malaysian government? What

platforms of protection are in

place for them for asylum

seekers? As you know, Malaysia has

has not ratified the Refugee Convention or its 1967

protocol. There is no

legislative or legislative or administrative

mechanism in place for the

protection of refugees.

Basically what this is means is

that they are treated as

undocumented people and so they

are subjected to harsh

punitive measures that the immigration Act immigration Act holds in terms of undocumented persons which

means that if they are arrested

they can be caned, they they can be caned, they can be deported. In terms of access to services,

services, while refugees get a 50% discount off foreigners'

rates in public hospitals,

which is again un affordable

because they lack the formal

right to employment, asylum

seekers don't get any such

subsidies. And again in terms of education, refugee children

cannot enter into the

mainstream public education and

the schools where other

Malaysian children go to,

basically they go to schools which are run by volunteers, understaffed, underresourced, community-based organisations,

and because they are not part of the formal education system, they don't graduate with certification. The second point you raise

point you raise there at the outset, the broader you have about this you have about this agreement

between the two governments in regard to global obligations? I think we have three concerns in

terms of the broader global concerns

concerns in relation to concerns in relation to refugee protection. One is that in circumventing existing

mechanisms to determine and administer refugee protection

and in createing a new

mechanism on the side we saw institutions that had been

painstakingly built up over the years

years in terms of refugee

protection, and in a sense, it also makes a suffering of thousands of

refugees from the time of the

world wars an even before world wars an even before that and their experiences which

have guided us in the development of institutions to

protect refugee rights. I think

the second global concern is in terms of the con flais of issues of smuggling, human trafficking and the moment people whose lives are in danger in their own home

country and who are seeking international protection. The Australian government has been

talking about busting the

business model of the smugglers

and the human traffickers, and

this rhetoric is also spewed by

several other countries. As we

know, business is all about the

equilibrium between demand and

supply. As long as there is

violence, as long as there is

conflict, people's lives are conflict, people's lives are in danger danger and they are denied legitimate mechanisms and legitimate mechanisms and a space for seeking asylum. space for seeking asylum. They

will have no option but to will have no option but to take recourse to these human

smugglers. So in a sense, we

are exacerbating the demand for

the services of these human

smugglers. But on the other hand creating a safe space for

these people to make their

asylum claims would in fact

effectively stem the supply of these people to the human smugglers and what that smugglers and what that means

actually is that when we talk

about human smuggling, when we talk about and related policies and strategies, we need to talk about building in mechanisms where people in where people in need of

international protection are

able to also able to also realise their

needs within those border

control and enforcement strategies. Sharuna Verghis, you don't think ... The third

issue ... Sorry, issue ... Sorry, continue

please. Sorry, the third issue is in terms of transposing is in terms of transposing the business model of outsourceing

to human rights to human rights protection. If

rich countries think they can trade their human rights

obligations under international

human rights law for a few

million dollar and if the poor, the vulnerable

lives are in danger and in need

of international protection are

going to be kicked as a

football from country to

country, I think not only again

do we see an undermining of

institutions for refugee

protection, but one could argue

that this is another form of

trade in human beings, albeit

by the State and with State

using some of its legal powers

to claim legitimacy for its given the court here said that

the Australian minister 's

declaration that Malaysia was an appropriate country an appropriate country for this, that that declaration this, that that declaration was invalid and that invalid and that Malaysia didn't have the international

or domestic commitments in place to make it an appropriate

destination, how do you think the Malaysian leadership will

respond to this, given that it

too entered this agreement? I

think the Malaysian government

its position that it has not

ratified the refugee

convention, and so I don't think that it is going to be

seen as an insult seen as an insult or to be taken as an taken as an affront. In confronting the asylum seeker

issue, what therefore do you think the Australian Government

and the Malaysian government

should do now? I

important thing that this is a

global concern. And it countries of the world to look

at the issue of refugee

protection, not only in terms

of immediate solutions of

mechanisms and what needs to be

set in place for people to be

able to seek asylum and gain

the protection, but also in

terms of determining some of

the root causes of this

violence and conflict and violence and conflict and to

work also towards peace

building. Sharuna Verghis in Kuala Lumpur, thank you for your time tonight. Thank you, Scott. Indonesian set fire to Darwin's immigration detention centre as

part of a religious protest.

Two fires were lit within the Northern Immigration Detention Centre this

smoke into the sky. An asylum seeker advocate in the centre

at the time says staff went

into lockdown and called the

police. They were all in battle

gear, what I call battle gear, what I call battle gear

and helmets an guns an things. Getting themselves all ready

and I thought heavens

revolution Immigration Department says it appears the men lit the fires because they weren't allowed to visit

visit a mosque to

of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. Firefighters use water cannon to extinguish the blaze. More than 50

detainees have since been taken to Darwin's police watch-house.

To more of the day's news now.

Amnesty International says it

believes at least 88 believes at least 88 people have died in detention in have died in detention in Syria

during the past five months. It

says 10 children are among the says all the victims were

arrested after taking part in anti-government protests and were subjected to beatings, electric shocks and other forms of

of abuse. Mexican authorities of abuse. Mexican authorities have arrested five men in

connection with last week's

fatal casino fire. 52 people

were killed when a group of

gunmen entered the Casino Royale in Monterrey and set

fire to it. The arrested men

are all alleged members of the zet zet

Zetas drug cartel. A bar come

has killed at least 10 people

and wounded 22 in Quetta in south

south western Pakistan. The bomb exploded

next to a mosque where prayers marking the Festival of Eid Eid

were takes place. No-one has claimed responsibility for the attack. attack. -- Eid al-Fitr. Coming up later in the program, former New York

mayor Rudy Giuliani shares his

memories on September 11, years on. Suddenly I saw a

years on. Suddenly I saw a man put himself right in the

window, look like he stepped up

or something. Then he just flung himself right out.

To Libya now and rebels say

the zero hour is fast

approaching for pro-Gaddafi forces still fighting in the coastal town of Sirte. As coastal town of Sirte. As we

reported on 'The World' last

night those been given until Saturday to

either surrender or either surrender or face the

might of the rebel army which is advancing on several fronts.

And with Colonel Gaddafi still at large, rebel leaders are warning that the former deck

fator is not finished yet. --

dictator. Sirte has just two

days left to surrender. If it doesn't, this is what is waiting outside.

This is a very different

rebel force from the one that raced towards Sirte back in

March. Back then it went too

far, too fast, and was beaten

back in a humiliating retreat.

But not this time. But they still face a tough army in

Sirte. Which Sirte. Which NATO believes is still being directed by Muammar Gaddafi himself. The

pro-Gaddafi ps troops that we

see are not in total disarray. Sirte is not the last Libyan

city holding out against the

rebels but it's the most important. It's the important. It's the city where Muammar Gaddafi it's home to his it's home to his loyal tribe. The rebels are confident it

will fall. But they're also

expecting that taking it will not be easy. The not be easy. The war isn't over yet. Gaddafi! But in Tripoli, But in Tripoli, celebrations

have already begun. Hundreds of

Libyans gathered in Green square, the site of countless

pro-Gaddafi rallies now renamed Martyrs

Martyrs Square. Here,

everything old is new again.

The pre-Gaddafi national anthem. The pre-Gaddafi flag.

Adopted by the rebels as

symbols of their new national

pride. With the fighting still going still on the run, there's still on the run, there's no official end to this

revolution. But this is about

as close to a victory as close to a victory party as will you get. This is the first

time when I was standing in

front of the camera and I can

say I am free. It's the best

day of my life. I see Libya

freedom! Libya will need all

of that enthusiasm and goodwill difficult months, even years

that lie ahead. Libyans didn't have access to guns under Gaddafi, but now

there are thousands of men who've been armed during the

revolution. The new government wants some of them to be part

of a revamped national army and

police force, but others had simply be asked to hand their guns back. Michael Vincent

reports from Benghazi. (No

audio available) But soon,

that will end. We will ask them

to come and drop the guns down.

They will obey the order I'm

sure of that. I will give my

gun back, we only took up gun back, we only took up arms

to defeat Gaddafi. I

to return to being a student.

to return to being a student.

Some Libyans especially former Gaddafi loyalists are expected

to hold onto their weapons out

of fear of reprisals. authorities are convinced public pressure will

prevail. We know how we can

force them to do that. But

they're shooting guns now at

night. Do you think they have

the control, the discipline to

give these guns up, that they

enjoy shooting so much? Yes,

I'm sure of my people, they

to give up their guns the government will offer them cash

or threaten them with jail.

or threaten them with jail. For some problems there are solutions, for others there's

no no clear answer. My name is

Chris. I'm from LA. There are

some people who simply don't

belong in a war zone. I'm a university student university student from LA. just came here to see what it's

like being in a revolution

first hand. What are you

trained in? I study math.

Mathematics. So I don't have any military any military training or

anything, but neither do these

guys. It's all about the heart.

And I think I have that these guys do too. This

is not the sort of foreign help

the rebels have been asking for. NATO has confirmed that its

mission in Libya is not

contingent on the capture of deposed ruler Muammar Gaddafi.

They say they will continue to support the rebels until

they're convinced that the civilian population is safe. The military alliance isphobe cussing its operations around the coastal town of Sirte. the coastal town of Sirte. An

area still fiercely loyal to the Gaddafi regime. From their

Naples air base, this said NATO was encouraged by

reports that pro reports that pro and anti-Gaddafi forces are in

talks to find a peaceful end to

the impasse. The end of

mission is not relying on the

capture or non-capture of

Gaddafi. It's relying on NATO's

assessment of the level of threat to population in Libya. European

leaders are now satisfied that Libya's new rebel administration has secured the

country's two metropolitan

airports in Tripoli and has begun coordinating the

provision of essential

services.

The founder of WikiLeaks has

hit back after the Federal Government criticised the

latest release of classified latest release of classified US

documents. The diplomatic

cables identify 23 people, including Australian including Australian citizens,

thought by ASIO to have

to Yemeni terrorism. The Attorney-General Robert

McClelland says the release McClelland says the release is irresponsible as irresponsible as security

operations have been put operations have been put at risk. The risk. The WikiLeaks' Julian Assange

Government has ratted out the Australians to the US without due process. Other leaked

cables have mentioned senior government frontbenchers. One

suggests Bill Shorten has leadership ambitions and that government

Julia Gillard. A claim that he

denies. A remanded an Australian man who allegedly stabbed his wife to death. John Paul Sebastian death. John Paul Sebastian was arrested at a hotel in Tel Aviv

on Monday. Police were called after guests heard yelling and

screaming coming screaming coming from their room.

his client is suffering from a mental disorder. mental disorder. The South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak

has replaced his hardline

minister in charge of policy on

North Korea. The newly appointed Yu Woo-Ik to pursue a softer approach

towards the north. The

appointment comes amid growing

pressure from Mr Lee to improve

relations between South relations between South Korea and its neighbour. When they

wrote the song 'Macho Man' the Russian Prime Minister

apparently claimed it as his own personal anthem. Vladimir

Putin puts on the leathers and

roared off on a Harley Davidson

to a biker rally on a former rambling speech about

patriotism. It was yet another

display of Mr Putin's trademark hard-man

hard-man antics as he tries to convince Russians strong and decisive ahead of presidential elections due

March. Let's get the latest world weather now with Graham Creed.

The first day of spripg will be anything but true New

Zealand. We have very cold air

starting to sweep across the South Island. We could see isolated

moderate to heavy falls pretty

much anywhere across the New Guinea reemg.

Vietnam around the Central Coast particularly back in

towards the border we're

looking at the pocket of some heavier falls there. Typhoon Talis sitting south

of Japan is heading towards

that country. We also have

fairly widespread warnings out

for storm surge, serious

thunderstorms and the prospect

of some very heavy rainfall.

We have very up settled

conditions across India. The west and east coast look the at some heavy falls.

Still ahead on program - in

light of today's High Court decision on the government's

Malaysia solution, we'll look

at previous attempts to stop asylum seekers reaching

Australian shores by boat. Plus - the latest where relief agencies face an

increasingly difficult task to handle the hundreds of thousands fleeing drought and civil

civil war.

You're watching 'The World'

on ABC News 24 . I'm Scott Bevan. A reminder of our top

stories. Australia's agreement

to send 800 asylum seekers to

Malaysia has been declared

invalid by the High Court in

Canberra. In a 6-1 judgment court found Australia could not legally declare Malaysia a

suitable place to send asylum

seekers. It also found that

removal of any unaccompanied

minors from Australia must be accompanied by a written

consent from the minister. NATO

says it will continue to

support Libya's rebels until

its convinced that the civilian

population is safe. The coalition made the vow as coalition made the vow as the rebels gathered for a major

push into one of Muammar Gaddafi's final stronghold

towns. At the same time, the UN is Libya transition to a government. The human rights group Amnesty International

says it believes at least 88

people have died in in Syria during the past in Syria during the past five

months. The group says among

the dead are 10 children. It

says all the victims were arrested after taking part in

anti-government protests and

were subjected to were subjected to beatings, electric shocks and other forms

of abuse. And coming up later

in the program - farewell to

the man who code-cracking machines of the Second World War.

So the Federal Government's

asylum seekers policy is tatters this evening following the High

the High Court's decision regarding the Malaysia

solution. It is of course just

the latest development in a long troubled area

government policy. Nick Grimm

takes a look now at previous

efforts to stop asylum seekers arriving

arriving by boat. Successive Australian Governments have struggled to come to grips with

the problem of people atenting to make to Australia on board leaky

boats. Now many more people seeking asylum arrive on

commercial airline flights each

year but it's those images of crowded crowded refugee boats that have posed the biggest political

problem for the nation's leaders. It's now been 10 years

since the Tampa affair and the sinkings of asylum seekers

boats at sea saw the Howard Government adopt what became nope as the Pacific Solution,

where asylum seekers were went

to Nauru for processing. to Nauru for processing. Now

that arrangement did result in to come to Australia. But it

was also condemned as inhumane

by the United Nations and human

rights groups. The election of

the Rudd Government in the scraps of the Pacific

Solution, but by 2009, asylum seeker numbers were back seeker numbers were back up again. Efforts by the Australian Government to negotiate the establishment of

a regional processing centre with Indonesia and East Timor

foundered. Then the foundered. Then the Malaysia asylum seeker deal was

announced in May this year. Under that plan Under that plan the Gillard

Government said it would send 800 asylum seekers processing in Malaysia in return for accepting 4,000 people once they'd people once they'd been

processed and declared to be

genuine refugees. The Gillard Government has also signed a memorandum memorandum of understanding with Papua New Guinea which

would see the reopening of would see the reopening of a processing centre on Manus island.

that deal has been delayed as a result of current political

upheaval in PNG. Meanwhile some refugee advocates have year reversed their opposition

to the former Howard Government's Pacific and called

Government's Pacific Solution, and called for the reopening of

the processing centres on Nauru, seeing that essentially

as the lesser of two evils.

South Africa's ruling ANC Party

is holdingth second day of disciplinary hearing of youth leader Julius Malema leader Julius Malema despite

the violent protests in

Johannesburg that we reported

on last night. But it's now

scraped a plan to move the

hearing to a secret location,

unless there is more unless there is more violence.

Malema has defied ANC bosses by

calling for the nationalisation

of mines and the redistribution

of white-owned land. Julius Malema knew his supporters

would come. In a country would come. In a country with massive unemployment, his

message of economic empowerment

combined with his own youth combined with his own youth and

militancy has a ready audience.

But now, South Africa's popular

youth leader is facing expulsion from the ruling party. I don't even understand what is that disciplinary

charges are for , because Malema

Malema is a straight Malema is a straight talk, Malema put he doesn't beat around the

corner. On the eve of the party's disciplinary hearing,

Julius Malema acknowledged the

odds in this now public battle were against him. This doesn't delay our economic struggle.

Once we get our house back into

order, we're soldiering on. order, we're soldiering on. On the streets, police were struggling to regain control,

with running battles raging

throughout the CBD. The rivalry between the Youth League leader and Jacob Zuma

President is not lost President is not lost on Malema's supporters. Jacob Zuma

must go home! This is not the first time disciplinary action has been taken against the Youth League President. But this

this time, the charge, as his

supporters know, are very

serious. For now Julius Malema

is in the spotlight but it is President Jacob Zuma's

authority which is on the line.

It is a battle of wills.

Between what in this country we

call the young Malema, and the old fox, Jacob Zuma. The final verdict may

not be immediate. But the first

stone has definitely been Relief agencies in Somalia are coming under increasing

pressure as hundreds of thousands flee drought and

civil war. Many find the south of country, but resources there are starting to dwindle as

well. New arrivals at this border town of southern

Somalia. They're receiving emergency supplies, high energy

foods that will last them a few

weeks. Many women have weeks. Many women have arrived from far-flung areas within Somalia. Had t has taken them

days to get here. For days to get here. For this

woman, and her critically

malnourished son, it was almost too late. The officers tell us

that Aidan has to be rushed

across the border to an

Ethiopian refugee camp where he

can get better care. We can get better care. We have

done everything. We have given

the malnutrition treatment. We

have given him a high energy

biscuit. The only thing he can

feed is porridge. Those who can

make the two hour Ethiopia and the refugee camp

there. Those who can't strive

to make a new life here.

Tattered shelters for

internally displaced people dot

much of this place at the

Somalia Ethiopia border. It's

also the main transit down

before getting to the refugee

camp in eating eat. But camp in eating eat. But the number of those crossing over has significantly reduced. Help

in Somalia is not sufficient.

But enough to keep them here. I heard today very important testimony from the women here. When I asked

don't you cross the border and seek support in the refugee camps, they said no. If there

is food, if there is support

inside Somalia, we don't

to leave our country. This

woman is one such case. She

escaped hunger and conflict more than 200 kilometres away.

That was three months ago.

It's only now she is getting a

plastic sheet to cover what plastic sheet to cover what she

calls home. She has been living here children. I'm not happy here. I

had animals back home. But for the sake of my children, I have

to struggle until when I can go

back . It's this hope that is

shared by many like her. In the

scattered camps with few amenities, they're praying for

rain so they can return to their homes and their homes and rebuild their lives.

He became the public face He became the public face of American suffering and strength in the in the aftermath of the September September 11 attacks. Rudy

Giuliani even earned the

nickname America's nickname America's Mayor. 10 years on from the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, he's spoken about his memories of

the worst experience of his

life. The impact of September

11 has to be proffer found on

me, except I'm probably a me, except I'm probably a very

poor judge of exactly how. It's

the worst experience of my life. It was the most

devastating experience for my

city that I was responsible

for. I lost a a lot of very close friends. People that I

knew, loved, knew very well, knew their families very well.

The police that were with us

were telling us don't look up.

Because debris was coming down. It was hitting people. They

were afraid it was going to hit

us. They wanted us to be alert to the fact that there might be

some debris falling. So I kept

looking up. And all of a sudden

in the window. Looked like in the window. Looked like he

stepped up or something. Then

he just flung himself right

out. And I could see fire right

behind him. And I just froze and watched it. Because it was so incomprehensible.

This is unlike anything This is unlike anything that

we've ever seen before in New

York City or anything we ever

handled before and we handled before and we had handled everything. We had handled aeroplane crashes, building collapses, high-rise fires. Blackouts. Hostage situations. Other terrorist

threats. But this was so far beyond anything that we had

contemplated that there must've been a feeling at that point, been a feeling at that point, I hope we can handle this. But

you didn't have time, you didn't have time to think that very long because the next

thing you had to do was present

it to you immediately. The neck

thing I had to do post and put together the Police Commissioner and Police Commissioner and the

fire chief so that they could

discuss how to best handle this. And to get advice from

the air chief as to whey should be communicating to people.

ABC News 24 will have

special coverage of the 10th anniversary of the September 11

attacks. Australian investment in

resources projects in Africa

has climbed to $20 billion with

WA companies leading the charge.

has been told the African boom

is under way and that China and

Australia are both racing to take advantage of the rich

resources there. The Africa down under conference has been

running for 10 years but it's

never been as big as this. Out of the more than 230

companies searching for minerals in Africa, about

are WA based. 70% of the top are WA based. 70% of the top 10 growth companies over the past decade in Western Australia

have assets in Africa. I've long recognised Western Australia as our country's

gateway to Africa. Recovering from heart surgery from heart surgery the Foreign Affairs Minister Kevin Rudd

didn't make the trip west, but

his video reinforced the message. Australia is committed to sharing

experience with our African friends. It is experience that

can help the countries of

Africa harness their natural

resource wealth, attract investment

peoples. China is also investing heavily in investing heavily in Africa and

has been for a long time. It's

part of a long-term strategy to

get access to resources to feed

its factories. While there will

be competition with Australian

resource companies selling into

China, there will also be opportunities. Australian

companies are really going out there finding the resources

proving them up and getting to a definitive feasibility stage

and then the Chinese investors

are coming in bringing cap

tamed and experience constructing the mines and then

also entering into long-term

contracts. He says higher commodity prices particularly

in gold are set to keep in gold are set to keep driving

more Aussie dollars to Africa but not but not at the expense of

exploration in WA.

There are fresh calls for

more regular screening checks

for bowel cancer thanks to new

research into Type 2 diabetes.

A study has found that people

with Type 2 diabetes face an

increased risk in all types of

cancer. But it also found that men with the particularly susceptible to

bowel cancer. Sophie Scott has the story. Peter Murphy was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. But in was more bad news

come. A couple of years come. A couple of years later he was told he also had bowel

cancer. If I had known about the link

the link between diabetes and bowel cancer I most certainly would've wanted to have been tested. Now a new study by researchers at the University of Western Australia is raising

some alarm bells. some alarm bells. They looked at 1300 people with Type 2 developed. They found patients

with Type 2 diabetes were at with Type 2 diabetes were at an

increased risk of all increased risk of all cancers

but in particular men had

double the bowel tumours. There bowel tumours. There were particular concerns. One of them was that colo rectal

cancer was approaching twice

elevated in the diabetic patients that we followed

compared to people in the

general population. general population. Doctors admit they're not sure why men with Type 2 diabetes with Type 2 diabetes are getting more bowel tumours. But it could risk factors for both

conditions such as obesity are

the same. One of the theories

is that the chronic exposure of

cells to high blood

levels or high glucose levels

creates abnormalities that over

time cause cells to behave abnormally. Doctors are calling for men with diabetes to be regularly checked regularly checked for bowel

cancer, a condition which is largely

largely treatable if picked up

early enough. Colossus was the world's

first modern computer. Famously

used to break German codes at Britain's Bletchley Park during

the Second World War. The man who led the campaign to rebuild

Colossus and save the Bletchley

Park site for the nation was

tonny sale who has died at the

age of 80. Mr Sale a gifted engs near enjoyed a remarkable

career which included severing

years as a scientific officer

at Britain's MI-5. Wartime and

in the battle to codes scientists at the secret Bletchley Park establishment

build a new weapon, the world's

first modern computer. 50 years on, one man set on, one man set out to rebuild. This is Colossus. It

took Tony Sale 14 years to piece together Colossus, scouring the country for old

parts from telephone exchange.

But he was determined to bring

back the machine which played a

vital role in shortening the war against Colossus it was taking them about six to eight weeks to

break a message from the German high command. Colossus suddenly reduced this to six hours.

Proud ly we present George

... As a young RAF officer in

the 50s, Tony Sale had the 50s, Tony Sale had shown precocious engineering skills

building a robot called George.

Later he joined MI-5 where his

skills were employed to detect

Russian spies during the called

Cold War. In retirement he threw all campaign to stop Bletchley Park

and its secrets fading into

oblivion. Colossus for Tony was

the project of all projects. the project of all projects. He

wanted to rebuild that first programmable electronic

computer. In many ways , to pay

proper homage to the people who

worked at Bletchley Park and

operated it during the war.

Last month when the Queen

visited a refurbished Bletchley

Park, Colossus and the man who brought it back to life got special attention. Tony Sale, engineer, all the man who made sure Britain did not forget a vital episode in its wartime history. To sport now. Meredith, some

interesting developments at the NRL judiciary NRL judiciary tonight? Yes,

that's right. The NRL judiciary has agreed to adjourn Glenn

Stewart's hearing for 24 hours following the ugly brawl

between Manly and between Manly and Melbourne last weekend. Adam Blair will

miss the NRL finals after receiving

comes on top of a two match ban

for striking which he received

earlier this week. He will earlier this week. He will now

miss the finals and is set to

leave the club

next year. Australia has lost

its seventh wicket in the

opening day of the first

cricket Test against Sri Lanka

in Galle. Rain delayed the start of

play by an hour, before

Australia handed new caps to

New South Wales Copeland and South Australian

spinner Nathan Lyon. Michael

Clarke won the toss and chose to bat in his first Test since

taking over from Ricky Ponting.

Watson was sent packing on 22 after a after a very good start. Up goes the finger. Clarke and

Ponting combined for 55 runs before the new captain departed

for 23. Australia's Jelena Dokic and Jarmila Gadjasova have moved round of the US Open. It took just four games for Marinko Matosevic's tournament

to take a turn for the worse.

That does not look good, does

it? The Croatian born Australian called for treatment

for the golf ball sized lump on his ankle but the 26-year-old

couldn't continue. He is forced to retire. A relieved Jarmila

Gadjasova broke a six match losing streak to book a place

in the second round. Didn't play well but I somehow

survived and I won. It's been a while. I'm very glad to have

the first win under my belt again. Jelena Dokic shows no

ill effects from a troublesome

shoulder in her comfortable

first-round win. She will now

play former world No. 1 Jelena Jankovic. I Jankovic. I was wanting to play

a good match and really wanted

my shoulder to hold up. To my shoulder to hold up. To get

a win is fantastic. Serena

Williams didn't waste time in

her first US Open appearance in offoffoffin under an hour. A

new superstar has emerged in

world athletics. 18-year-old Kirani James from upstaged hot favourite Lashaun

Merritt in the final of the 400m at the World

Championships. Kirani James is

eating up the ground! eating up the ground! James wins it! There were wins it! There were no surprises in the 800. Kenyan

David Rudisha collected his 3

2nd straight victory easing away from the field to take

gold. He's still a star on gold. He's still a star on the hasn't ruled out hasn't ruled out joining

Emerton and quul in the

A-League one day. In the near future no. Later fon in future no. Later fon in life,

who knows? Cahill will line up

night's opening World Cup qualifier against Thailand. To boxing. Tasmania's Daniel

Geale is about to step into the

ring for a world title fight.

Geale is defending his world middleweight title

against a Nigerian opponent.

The boxers passed their final weigh-in in

spending the rest of the spending the rest of the day relaxing. I'm remaining

focused, not getting caught up

in all the hype and everything

around it. I have a job to do.

All I need to worry

those 12 rounds. Tonight's

fight is a sell-out and is

expected to attract expected to attract a global

viewing audience of up to 60 million. The AFL has increased

its pay offer to its players.

It says the current offer of

$1.14 billion is final and has

two weeks to accept it. Most

contracts are negotiated

confidentialally about but that

certainly hasn't been the case with this one. The AFL is

making a clear and public making a clear and public point

to the Players Association. We articulated this is a very generous and Sur stangs offer

but it is the final offer. The

new deal is $54 million more

than the offer made in May, and

$330 million more than the last agreement. The league's contributions to its retirement fund would double to $72

million or the minimum rookie

wage would increase from

$35,000 a year to $49,000. The average player salary increase to $301,000

2016. It's one of the

2016. It's one of the best improvements we believe in real

wages and benefits, not just

for sport but for any work force

force in this country. But the

AFL again rejected one of the

AFL PA's key demands for a percentage of total league revenue. Percentage of revenue

would be in our view

destructive to the game and our clubs. The league says such a model hasn't worked in other

sports, and is more likely to lead to industrial lead to industrial disputes. Though that remains something

neither party is considering in

this case. We need

and consider it, and players will make a determination as to what the

next steps will be. We don't

want to go into forecasting want to go into forecasting

what they are, we think it's

too early. Whatever its

decision, the AFL PA has two

weeks to respond.

In basketball, Australia has announced Brisbane will host series with other games to be

shared between Gold Coast, Rockhampton and Ipswich. Lots

of basketball in Queensland.

Yes. Thanks Meredith.

known as the dance of love. Not

the waltz but the tango. A

festival in its honour is being held in the city where it first held in the city where it evolved, Buenos Aires. Al-Jazeera has this report from

the World Cup of tango. They've come from around They've come from around the

world. Greece, Columbia, Japan. And of course, Argentina. In all, more than 400

competed in what is essentially the World Cup of tango.

This year's winner was a

home-town team, a couple who

say they met in a tango hall

last year in Buenos Aires. last year in Buenos Aires. This

changes everything . We it changes everything . We thought it was impossible to come this

far and win. Tango originated in working-class neighbourhoods of

19th century Argentina 19th century Argentina and

Uruguay. Its mel Col

melodies and sensuous dance moves came known throughout the

world in the 20th century. In

its home the dance's popularity

has gone through highs an lows

N recent years it's made a roaring comeback particularly

among young people who used to shun it. This festival lasts

for two weeks and than 400,000 people, the organisers say, to various

workshops, concerts and of course the competition. They

also say it's becoming more popular every year. Two years ago, the United

Nations declared tango part of

the world's cultural heritage.

Cementing its status as a

global art form. Tango is so

beautiful and wonderful that

it's not just a local thing any

more. It's worldwide. Tango is a I feeling. It's a way of life. So while this emblematic

dance firmly maintains its roots here, its roots here, its beauty will likely continue transcending

borders for some time to come.

It's a beautiful dance to

watch, isn't it? Probably even

more fun to do. To keep up more fun to do. To keep up to date on all the stories we're

following, you can log on to our web site.

Wednesday evening. I will be back in a few moments with back in a few moments with news headlines. I'm Scott Bevan.

Thanks for your company. Closed Captions by This program is not captioned.

This Program is Captioned Live

Live Live across Australia,

this is ABC News 24, hello, I'm

Scott Bevan. It was announced

and signed in fanfare and heralds as a deal to smash

people smugglers. Tonight the

Government's asylum seeker with Malaysia has imploded.

The High Court has ruled that the Immigration Minister

exceeded his legal powers exceeded his legal powers in

clinching the deal. Chris

Bowen admits the rule is heavy

Bowen admits the rule is a heavy blow. Chief political correspondent Mark Simkin was

in court for decision. First East Timor, Malaysia, another so-called asylum seeker solution asylum seeker solution that's no solution at all. no solution at all. Let's make no bones about it.

Today's decision by the high court a profoundly

disappointing one.

me. Not to mention surprising