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Live.

Tonight - Australia called to

account for its greenhouse

maths. No doubt there's a

drought, now what to do about

it. Bloodied and bruised,

Italy's Prime Minister

attacked. And, golden girl

Libby Trickett hangs up her

goggles. I sincerely believe

that I left at a great point

for me.

Good evening, Jeremy Fernandez

with ABC News. The climate

change talks in Copenhagen are

reaching a critical point as

they enter the final week.

Environment Ministers held

closed session talks over the

weekend trying to draft an

agreement. But they say it's

now up to the world leaders

who'll gather in the Danish

capital in the coming days.

Meanwhile, Australia's been

accused of dodgy greenhouse

reveal the accounting. The latest figures

reveal the nation's emissions

have risen 80% compared to 1990

levels. Environment Reporter

Sarah Clarke is in Copenhagen

and will join us shortly, but

first this report. Another

day, another demonstration as

protesters put world leaders on

notice in the final week of

talks. But the meeting has

moved behind closed doors, as

ministers try to break the

ministers try to break the

deadlock, the signs are not

optimistic. It is going to be

tough to get an agreement by

Friday, but that's what we have

to do. It may also be tough

explaining Australia's

commitment to climate change.

The latest Government figures

reveal the nation's greenhouse

gases have soared 80% higher

than 1990 levels. The blow-out

use, including is from emissions from land

use, including bushfires and

drought. Under the Kyoto Protocol, they're not included

in the current target. The

Greens say Australia must now

be accountable. You can't just

pretend that you can factor out

those emissions from fires and

droughts, because they're huge

and Australia is a major

emitter in that

sense. Australia is planning on

using land use like agriculture

future agreement. to offset emissions under a

future agreement. Environment

groups argue, that's cooking

the books to put Australia in a

better light. You can't have

your cake and eat it too and

this applies to emissions.

We've got to make sure if we're

going to count offsets from

acres we're also going to count

the emissions. The issue of

land use is an issue in the

negotiations. The Australian

Government's view is that we can improve, the world community can improve the

accounting rules. It's a

when damaging revelation at a time

when Australia's considered a

key negotiator in these talks. The Prime Minister Kevin Rudd

is a friend of the chair, and

he's under pressure to remove

the deadlock that's stalling

these negotiations. Kevin, if

he can actually play a mediator

role there, could really help

get the deal that the world

needs. It's a deal that so far

seems too difficult to reach.

And later tonight, the Prime

Minister will begin making his

way to Copenhagen to put

days of the climate change Australia's case in the final

talks. Kevin Rudd says a

strong deal will require

compromise from all countries,

but despite the fractious

negotiations, he's still

optimistic there will be a

favourable result. From Canberra, here's political

correspondent Greg Jennett. A

jaunty school sing-a

jaunty school sing-a along may

be the only note of harmony

Kevin Rudd hears for a week.

Idealism abounded at the Prime

Minister's final public event

before Copenhagen, not only

with the children. What are we

going to try and do? Get

everyone to agree to do their

fair share to reduce carbon pollution. The faltering

negotiations in Denmark ahead

of the arrival of world leaders

don't bode well for a

breakthrough, but Mr Rudd

refuses to countenance

failure. This is massively

complex, but we intend to give

it our best effort. And he's

been given an early taste of

what failure will sound like on

his return. If these talks

fail, it will be a huge rebuff

argument over how to Mr Rudd. The accounting

argument over how to treat

carbon from forestry and

farming drew accusations of

trickery from some. It's making the Australian Government look

like a big cheat, and it

is. But it does highlight the one similarity between the

Government and Tony Abbott on

climate change - both rely on

counting land management to

reach their reduction target s,

while Ze announcing

while Ze announcing each

other's brand of afntel You've

got red tape Strangling every

level of the Australian economy

through a system which is more

expensive. Mr Rudd knows all

about bureaucracy, what does Mr

Rudd think his Emissions

Trading Scheme is? It's a great

big tax. Neither success nor

failure in Copenhagen will

change the domestic political

contest. A comprehensive

agreement will lift Australia

to a target above

to a target above 5%, and in

Tony Abbott's political

strategy, that just makes for a

bigger and scarier tax to

campaign against. The Prime

Minister stops over in Tokyo,

seeking cooperation on nuclear

Environment Reporter Sarah disarmament and whaling. And

Clarke joins us now from

Copenhagen. There are huge

expectations of the summit and

the Prime Minister in

particular, what can we expect

in the coming day? Today's

agenda I hate to say is much

more of the same. There's

still a stalemate here. There

are two political drafts or two

drafts of this convention being discussed, but there's no

consensus. Now the meeting of

Climate Change Ministers over

the weekend have now thrown

those negotiations to world

leaders, the likes of Barack

Obama, Gordon Brown and Kevin

Rudd, who start arriving this Obama, Gordon Brown and Kevin

week, and they're hoping that

they may inject the political

will into these negotiations to

try and deliver a political

agreement by Friday. There are

still a number of strumbling

blocks, aren't there? There

are. Number one, there are

three stalling points. Number

one is looking at finance, how

much rich nations are prepared

to give to poorer countries to

help them adapt to climate

change. Some of the richer nations

nations say this is a big ask

in a time of global financial

crisis. The second the

targets, the 2020 targets, the

developed countries, some have

put emissions reductions on the

table, but the science is

saying it's not good enough to

avert or avoid serious climate

change. The third is

compliance where the likes of

China is saying we don't want

the UN agencies to come in and

monitor our commitments to curb

emissions reductions. With all

that in mind, what are the

prospects of reaching agreement

by Friday? It's going to be a

challenging one, but there's

still some optimism, I hate to

say. What they're saying is if

a political agreement gets

delivered by Friday it's simply

going to put together ranges

and point to another meeting,

say, six months down the track

where we'll reconvene and a

legally binding treaty may be on the table.

on the table. The African

nations have threatened if they

don't get what they want

threecialtion be a walkout. It

looks to be a challenging week

ahead. Sarah Clarke, thanks for

joining us. Getting to spend

more time with the doctor is

one of the bonuses to come out

of a draft of new changes to

Medicare. The Federal

Government is offering more

money to encourage GPs to give

longer consults and treat

patients suffering more complex

problems. Medicos say they

don't go far enough. Doctors

call it "6-minute medicine".

GP Brian Morton says the

current system encourages short

consultations, where people get

a diagnosis, a prescription and

are sent on their way. When

patients come with just a

simple problem, it's important

to think about preventative

care and that's to think about

blood pressure, check their

blood pressure, check their

weight, ask about diet and

exercise. It's very

frustrating when you can't do

that because short consultations are rewarded

better. Today, the Federal

Government announced 15

measures to simplify the

Medicare system. The changes

that are being announced today

make it possible for doctors to

spend more time, particularly

with patients with chronic and

complex needs. The number of

Medicare consultation items

Medicare consultation items

will be cut from 83 to just

over 30 . After-hours payments

will be simplified and higher

rebates paid for longer

consultations. The changes are designed to address concerns

that short visits don't allow

doctors to adequately investigate complex medical

problems. Most doctors believe

the changes don't go far

enough. They say little has

been done to cut red tape, and

that means doctors spending time

time doing paperwork when they

could be seeing patients. We're

happy that the Government has

started to honour its

commitment to simplify Medicare

billings for GPs, but there's

still a lot more to do to help

GPs efficiently look after

patients and deliver primary

health care in Australia. The

changes come into effect in

five months. The lobbyist

Graham Richardson says a tape

that allegedly contained

explosive material about State

Government ministers was a

fizzer. The former Federal

minister today made his second

appearance before a

parliamentary inquiry that's

looking into land dealings in

Sydney's west. He rejected

claims that senior Labor

figures were named on the tape

and played down his continuing

influence over the Labor Party.

It was meant to be the tape that could bring down the State Government,

Government, but Graham

Richardson says the reality

didn't match the rhetoric. I

listened to the part that was

supposed to contain explosive

information and it wouldn't

have let off a bunger. The

tape's existence came to light

after Michael McGurk was shot

dead outside his Sydney home in

September. Mr Richardson met

with Mr McGurk in March and

said he listened to less than a

minute of it. What do I do? I

say "Play the bit that

say "Play the bit that matters". It's completely and

utterly inaudible. I walk out

on this lowlife because I'm not

prepared to spend an hour and a

half listening to a tape with

him. Graham Richardson defended

his decision not to talk to

police about the meeting until

May. If I go to the police it's

a matter of him saying, " I

didn't" he says I did, it goes

nowhere. Graham Richardson was

lobbying on behalf of

lobbying on behalf of

developers to rezone land at

Badgerys Creek. I have never

met Mr Richardson or spoken to

Mr Richardson. His views

whatever they may be are

irrelevant. The inquiry strayed

from planning to politics when

Mr Richardson was asked about

phone conversations he'd had

with the Labor powerbrokers

Eddie Obeid and Joe Tripodi

around the time that Nathan Rees was rolled as

Rees was rolled as Premier. He

was asked if those talks

involved the make-up of the new

Premier's Cabinet. No, that

wouldn't be right that'd be

totally wrong so I wouldn't,

therefore, admit to it, would

I? Despite his reputation as a powerbroker, Graham Richardson

says he has little influence

over the State's Labor

politicians. The drought

that's gripping most of NSW is

a matter of life

a matter of life or death for

one town. Lake Cargelligo in

the Central West is running on

empty and drastic action is

being undertaken to guarantee

its water fly. Matt Wordsworth

is with the Premier in the

heart of the Riverina. The

Central West is rich in farming

history but years of drought

are literally sapping its

life. It'll last this sheep

maybe 24 hours. Most years

Chris Groves would be standing

in a metre of water. He and

his 1500 sheep face a long, dry

and very hot summer. This

farmer hasn't been allowed to

draw his water allocation from

Wyangala Dam yet pays $6,000 a

year. You start to wonder

whether you want to

whether you want to keep

farming. The Government maz

made a pledge to stop the

fees. It's a cynical operation

from the State Labor Government

to pretend they're doing

something when they're

not. Wyangala Dam also provides

water for 35,000 people, but

sits at 4.5% capacity. Without

drastic measures it could be

dry by February. So

dry by February. So for the

first time the Government will

Lake Cargelligo will receive cut a town off from its dam.

reduced supplies while a

pipeline is built to a nearby

pressing situation we've got bore. This is by far the most

here in the Lachlan in the

State. The Government will not

let our towns run out of

water. The Premier says her

drought tour has opened her

eyes to the struggles of the

bush, but farmers will want to be sure her focus

be sure her focus doesn't drift

with her return to the city.

Lung cancer is now killing more

women than any other form of

cancer in the State. A new

report by the Cancer Institute

of NSW shows it's overtaken

breast cancer for the first

time. It now accounts for 17%

of cancer deaths in women,

mostly as a result of

smoking. And if this trend

continues on, essentially what

we'll find is 22% of all cancer

deaths in women by 2021 will be

lung cancer. It's still the

most common fatal cancer in men

followed by prostate and bowel

cancers. Researchers say

lifestyle is a big factor.

Cancers related to obesity and

lack of exercise are on the

rise. In what's been called a

landmark case, a multiple

brought back from sclerosis patient has been

brought back from the brink of

death and restored to nearly

full health. The stem cell

is increasingly common procedure that saved his life

overseas, but doctors here

needed a bit of convincing to

try it. Multiple sclerosis is

usually a slow degenerative

disease of the nervous system,

but occasionally it strikes

with frightening

speed. Everything seemed to go.

Speech was a bit slurred for

Speech was a bit slurred for

that weekend and then the next

week things went very

quickly. Just over a year ago,

at age 19, Ben Leahy developed

a brand stem lesion and his

body began to shut down. He was

in intensive care for a month

being ventilated and then had a tracheostomy and totally

paralysed and not able to

swallow and it doesn't get much

worse. MS struck the teenager

so hard

so hard that conventional treatment didn't work.

Canberra doctors considered a

risky procedure that had only been tried once before in

Australia, and had failed.

Harvesting stem cells from

Ben's blood, they grew them in

the lab and performed a bone

marrow transplant. The

procedure didn't just stop

multiple sclerosis progressing

further, it apparently reversed

its effects. The patient's

treatment. actually improved after the

treatment. See Ben for example couldn't walk at the time of

his bone marrow transplant and

then about three weeks after,

his legs started to improve.

Remarkable turnaround. Any treatment that results in this

sort of improvement is a

significant breakthrough. I've

got my son back. It could be

so different, I could have been

burying him. There's a 20%

chance of relapse and Ben does

have some lasting

have some lasting

effects. Can't run, probably

can't ride a bike because of

everybody that the disease can balance. It gives hope to

be mastered so that we just

have to find the other

treatments for those people who

wouldn't perhaps qualify for

this treatment. But MS

Australia warns it's not a cure

and the procedure would be

reserved for only the most

aggressive cases. A court has

heard that the five men

convicted of planning a

terrorist attack in Sydney will

remain a danger to the public

for many years to come. The

Crown says the men have found

no contrition and has extremist

views. It's calling for

minimum sentences of about 20

years, arguing they have little

prospect of rehabilitation.

Philippa McDonned reports. A

jury accepted the five men had

been in pursuit of violent

jihad, stockpiling weapons,

thousands of rounds of

ammunition and chemicals to

make bombs to cause maximum

loss of life, and the

prosecutor says the offenders

have never shown any remorse

for their plot to punish

Australians for the wars in

Afghanistan and Iraq. Richard Maidment told the court: it's the Crown

it's the Crown case that all

five men are very poor

candidates for rehabilitation

and even when released pose a

danger to the public. Counsel

for Abdul Rakid Hasan appealed

to the judge for a lesser

sentence, saying he was

severely depressed and confined

to a 2 metre by 4 cell. Counsel for Moustafa Cheikho

said:

The five men will be

sentenced in the new year.

Italy's Prime Minister is

Spenning the night in hospital

after being attacked at a political rally. Silvio

Berlusconi's face was hit with

a small statue as he shook

hands and signed autographs.

The 73-year-old suffered a

fractured nose and two broken

teeth. The incident has raised

questions about the level of

security surrounding the Prime

Minister. Europe correspondent

Philip Williams reports.

Silvio Berlusconi has never

been far from controversy, but

no-one expected this. As he

was leaving a political rally

was leaving a political rally

in Milan. The attacker was

holding a souvenir and appeared

to throw it in the Prime

Minister's face. Police were

quick to pull him away, but it

was too late . There were cuts

to the Prime Minister's face,

his blood running freely as he

looked dazed and confused. TRANSLATION: Silvio Berlusconi

came towards us to greet us and

this idiot from behind threw

this metal thing in his face,

right here in his face. He was

bundled into the waiting car and rushed to hospital. There he was treated for broken

teeth, a fractured nose and

abrasions. This hasn't been a

great year for the Italian

leader. He's faced massive

demonstrations, calling on him

to resign over a messy business

and private life. His wife is

divorcing him after complaining her husband

her husband was infatuated with

young women. Then a high-end

prostitute said she'd slept

with the Prime Minister and

produced a tape recording,

saying it proved it. The

courts lifted him immunity from

court action s that include prosecution, opening up several

accusations of bribery. The

suspect, 42-year-old Massimo

Tartaglia, had no previous

criminal record, but police say he has

he has a history of mental

illness. He's been charged

with grafted assault. Security

will be tightened and questions

asked, how this could have

happened to a Prime Minister

right in front of the police.

The only consolation, it could

have been so much worse. After have been so much worse. After sliding all day, there was a

puzzling late surge on the

Australian sharemarket. Here

with the details is Alan

Kohler. Here's a graph of the

All Ordinaries Index today. It

was down all morning and early

afternoon to be 26 points lower

at 3 o'clock and then whoosh at

18 minutes past 3 it recovered

everything that was lost and

closed 17 points higher on the

day. What happened at 3:18?

Nothing much that I can see.

The super system review put out

his phase three discussion

paper which recommended against

the Government telling super

funds what to do with their

money, but suggested they be

regulated the same as listed

companies. Hardly the basis

for unbridled joy, you would

think. Perhaps we have to put

it down to one of those

mysteries of the market.

Qantas was one of the better

performers today after 3.5%.

Bluescope up 2.5%. CBA and

Westpac rose while NAB fell.BHP

closed higher after a big rise at

at 3:18. The context for

today's action was a small rise

on Wall Street on Friday and smaller rises around Asia

today. The gold price has

jumped 1% on the spot market

having met buying support at

around $1110 an ounce. Today's

economic news in Australia was

lending data from the ABS for

October and it showed and

biggest drop in total

commitment force 19 months

which was not long after the

credit crisis began. The

Australian dollar fell back to

just over US 91 cents, about 50

basis points down from Friday's

close and tonight's second

graph shows that although

employment seems to have

stabilised in the US, the

credit crunch is alive and

well. Bank lending is

contracting at an unprecedented

rate, having boomed, of course,

at an even less precedented

rate before the banks woke up

to their nightmare in August,

2007. That's finance. One of

the true golden girls of Australian swimming Libby

Trickett has announced her

retirement. After months of

speculation over her future the

world champion says she's

looking forward to moving on

with her life. With three

Olympic gold medals, eight

world championship titles and

nine world records to her name,

it's no surprise Libby Trickett

believes she's achieved all she

can in swimming. I left at a

great point for me, and it

was... I don't feel like I was

getting slower and I don't feel

like I was getting any less

competitive. I just can think

back of so many great moments

and amazing things she has

accomplished She's been an

amazing companion on the team

and she's done a lot for swimming in

swimming in Australia. The

24-year-old is hoping to finish

her university degree and

pursue a career in the media.

Australian paceman Peter Siddle

trained well ahead of

Wednesday's Perth Test against

the West Indies, but he's no

certainty to play after the

inconvenience of a hamstring

injury. There's still a little

bit of doubt around Peter. He

bowled today. By all accounts

has pulled up well. With these

sort of injuries it's not so

much a first spell, it's how

you pull up the next day. Tasmanian Brett Geeves has

been called up to cover for

Sydles potential absence. Go

and mix it with the big boys.

Good fun. NSW paceman Stuart

Clark isn't ready to quit the

game after a stress fracture to

his bad, but does concede his

international future might be

over. I'm very real about the

fact that maybe I will never

play Test cricket again, but

I've got a bit to contribute to

NSW cricket. Alicia Molik took

the first step towards an Open

return with a victory. On the

comeback trial after

retirement, she says she has

benefited from her training

program. I've lifted weights

and plenty of running and

that's helped my movement. Also on the comeback trial after

shoulder and ankle injuries

took her out of the game this

year is Casey Dellacqua. Shoulder's great and

I'll keep managing that. Just

trying to manage the injuries

and get back on court. Hot on top of Tiger Woods' announcement he's taking a

break from the game, one of his

major sponsors has taken a

break from him permanently.

One of the slogans of the film

Accenture has a an un

comfortable twist - it's what

you do next that counts. They

have said:

Other sponsors have indicated

a lessening involvement while

some review their loyalty. One

of Australia's finest

thoroughbred trainers Jack

Denham has died in hospital,

aged 85. He tasted success in

59 Group races, including the

1997 Melbourne Cup, with Might

and Power. Jack Denham also

won a Caulfield Cup and a Cox

Plate with the champion.

Queensland has staged a

remarkable comeback to claim an

outright win over NSW in the Sheffield Shield match at the

Gabba. The Blues would have

been feeling confident when

they had the balls reeling at

5/84 in the first innings but

the home side dominated and

last two days. NSW crumbled,

losing its last 4 wickets for 7

runs. Scott Walter and James

Hopes led the Queensland

attack, while keeper Chris

Hartley was special behind the

stumps. The Bulls wasted

little time in their run chase. Wade Townsend and Lee

Carseldine dominated the NSW attack,

attack, leading Queensland to

victory with plenty of time to

spare on the final day. The

Bulls are now second on the

Shield table. They're cute,

cuddly and after months of

anticipation they're finally on

public display at the Adelaide

Zoo. Thousands of people went

out to see Wung Wung and Funi

at their new enclosure. Even

the pandas seemed excited about

their debut with Funi

delighting zookeepers. Just

this morning she was doing

somersaults along the front

window. She'll run up and down

alongside the keepers, with her

little head bobling along, it's

gorgeous. A real panda, it's

just amazing. They eat

bamboo. Are you crying? Yes, I

was and I didn't want to do

that, because then I'd look

like them, with panda

eyes! Visitors can spend an

hour admiring the pandas in the

new $8 million enclosure.

The cloud and the southerly winds combined to produce a

cool day, with top temperatures

from 19 to 22 across Sydney. Still the chance of light

showers or drizzle overnight

and the temperatures should

remain in the mid to high

teens. A weakening trough over

the north-east of the State

triggered isolated

thunderstorms, particularly

about the Northern Tablelands.

There were light showers and

drizzle patches along the coast

south of the Hunter and around

the Blue Mountains.

Heavy rain is due to Category

1 trop physical cyclone

Lawrence, expected to cross

Wednesday. NSW will come under

the influence of a high in the

Tasman and the developing cold

front south of WA. Hot

conditions will redevelop over

the State ahead of rain and

storms with the front from late

Thursday and into Friday. At

this stage, forecast models

suggest falls of around 10-20

millimetres along the coastal

districts and ranges, but

substantially less inland.

Let's take another look at

tonight's top stories - the

Prime Minister Kevin Rudd

leaves for Copenhagen tonight,

where he'll meet with world

leaders to try to broker the deadlock on climate change

talks. Mr Rudd says he expects

the disagreements in the

negotiations to be intense and

there must be compromise all

round if there's to be a strong

deal. And the Government's

announced big changes to the

Medicare system to focus more

on prevention and make the

process simpler. Doctors

welcome the reforms , but they

don't go far enough. That's

ABC News for now. I'll be back

with updates during the

evening. The '7.30 Report' is

next. For now, goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI

Tonight on the 7.30 Report - thousands arrested in the

biggest booze crackdown in the

nation's history, but was it a

futile exercise. We are on the

money when it comes to

listening to the community. Unfortunately,

people knew about the operation

beforehand and they didn't

change their behaviour. And,

the billion dollar bogey, the

rise and fall of Tiger Woods as

the world's most marketable

athlete. It's hard to have

fallen down the elevator shaft

as quickly as Tiger does. It's

like OJ without killing

anybody.

Welcome to the program.

Negotiators at the climate

summit in Copenhagen are

getting down to tin tacks as

100 world leaders, including

Kevin Rudd, prepare to fly in

to try to crunch a credible new

plan by Friday to combat global