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(generated from captions) Hello, I'm Nick Grimm. On On tonight's program, Pacific Island leaders meeting in New

Zealand have talk wrapped up

days talking of climate change, and Fiji but Julia Gillard's

participation in the Forum has

been overshadowed by her Government's position on border protection

protection policies. You are

watching The World. Got watching The World. Got Julia

wearing black? She looks great wearing black? She looks great

in black. As World Cup fever

Zealand, Julia Gillard said she now had the opportunity now had the opportunity to

speak with the leaders of both

Nauru and Papua New Guinea

about the situation in

Australia. Also ahead, Russia

in mourning after a horror

plane crash kills virtually an

entire ice hockey team. A push

Oklahoma court cases. And a to ban Islamic law from

Colorado canine sets the record

for the world's longest dog ears. Live.

The Prime Minister has

discussed her asylum seeker dilemma with Nauru and Papua New Guinea on the sidelines the Pacific Forum. The

three-day meeting has finished

and Julia Gillard is tonight

heading home. Political reporter Melissa Clarke has been with the Prime Minister in

Auckland. An All black cloud

descends on the Pacific. 16 leaders dressed in their Kiwi best and best and a host who couldn't be

prouder. You got Julia wearing black. Absolutely we have. She looks great in retreat on Waiheke Island looks great in black. Their

marked the

marked the end of the 42nd

Pacific Forum. It reached agreement on climate change

action, aid and maintaining Fiji's

suspension. Hello. Australia is

the superpower of the Forum Julia Gillard came bearing the superpower of the Forum and Julia Gillard

gifts for the nations. Thank you very

much. Thank you. Samoa, Nauru,

be added to a scheme allowing

Islanders to fill seasonal jobs in Australia, mostly in

horticulture. It is an industry sector in Australia where routinely employers are telling

us they cannot get the work force they need. Australia's

also tipping tens of millions

of dollars into Pacific-wide programs to protect fish

stocks, soften the impact of

climate change and tackle violence alone doesn't buy respect. In a disease. (APPLAUSE). But violence and

rugby-mad region, Australia's

prestige rides with the

Wallabies when the World Cup

starts this weekend. So, it is

game on for the Wallabies and

game on for Julia Gillard. She

is heading home a is heading home a little

earlier than planned to tackle

an asylum seeker policy mess

that may yet see her call in

help from her friends in the Pacific.

Meanwhile, the United Nations

Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon,

says the problem of asylum seekers is a

needs to look at the issue from a broader perspective. The Secretary General is visiting

Australia and spoke to '7:30'. Ban Ki-moon, welcome. It is a great pleasure

to visit Sydney. It is almost 20 years since the Rio earth summit put climate change on the international the international agenda.

Haven't we proved since then

that multilateral forums aren't

going to solve the world's environmental

first summit adopted ambitious agenda, however

international community has not

done much. That is why I regard this summit on sustainable

development will be the most

important for the international

community. That is why I am

of the general assembly going to ask the Member State

September, this month, to take

the sustainable development as a top priority of the United Nations. Wasn't that the we don't have a proper

definition of what sustainable definition of what

development means? The

awareness of the issues been much, much heightened. Now awareness of the issues has

everybody understands international community is everybody understands that

suffering from climate change, food crisis, water scarcity, gender food crisis, energy shortages,

empowerment, global health. Now

it is high time to link all

thing these issues. Isn't the only

thing that matters in the end,

results. If we take climate

change since 1992, since the

Kyoto protocol, we have seen

the world's carbon footprint

grow? It is true that we have

not been able to agree on a globally acceptable

comprehensive agreement. We

have been working very hard. We

must have legally binding

global agreement. Our member

states have not been

forthcoming yet, but it is also States, individually, States, individually, are

taking their own steps to use more renewable sources of

energy and to take more efforts

and to adapt. A and to adapt. A country that

needs action from the

international community is

Syria. Why is it the world

could act on Syria and not

Libya? It is a totally

unacceptable situation where

President Assad has not heeded

to international calls. He must stop the continuing killing,

excessive force of killing his

own people. I have spoken over

the phone several times with him and I urged him to listen carefully to the aspiration of

his people and take bold

too political reform before it is

too late. The human rights Council important serious decision Council has taken very

establish a human important serious decision to council, international establish a human rights

commission of inquiry. I hope this inquiry commission will be

able to find what have been violations of human rights. I dispatched my humanitarian

assessment teams. They were

alarmed by the continuing

killing of people by excessive

military force. Is there any

listening to all indication though that Syria is

listening to all of these?

Isn't what is needed is action

by the international community? The council has been

discussing this matter a long

time, the Security Council has

not been able to speak in one

united way. I sincere hope international community united way. I sincere hope the international community should

speak in one coherent manner.

That is for humanity. We cannot

just let these things continue

this way. You have praised Australia's human rights record but the big

at the moment, or one of the

big issues in Australia at the

moment, is on our treatment of

asylum seekers and many internal commentators on human rights would say, on that,

Australia gets a fail. I know

that Australia has very serious

problems dealing with asylum seekers coming by boats. This

is a part of global problem. The United Nations is taking

care of 35 million refugees and there are much, much more internally displaced people need our internally displaced people who need our support. Now, on need our support. Now, on this

particular case, I would suggest that Australian

Government look at this issue

from a broader perspective.

First of all, I appreciate and I understand the concern I understand the concern of Australian Government of asylum

seekers and at the same time

Australian Government may some other options

can satisfy both the concerns -

the concerns of the Australian Government and these Government and these of asylum

seekers who are underprivileged people, whose human rights

should be protected. As you

say, there are 35 million

people on the move around the

world. By comparison, Australian problems are Australian problems are small.

What is your view of offshore processing which the Australian Government wants am not in a position to comment

on a specific ajepda being

promoted by a government. My only wish is only wish is the Australian Government Government continue discussions with the High Commissioner of refugees on this matter. What

about the United Nationsing

itself, it seems from the outside a deeply organisation. Some of the messages you have sent, you have talked about human rights, have talked about human rights,

but up until March, Libya on the human rights council. The United Nations is

a multi-national organisation.

There may be some areas for

improvement but by and large, the United Nations has been the

centre of addressing peace and security and development in

human rights. In the case of

the war in Libya, the United

Nations stood firm and stepped

in to provide the necessary assistance. assistance. We have been very

strong in dealing with other

issues like - we have been largely successful in helping South Sudan gain independence.

This is a successful story the

United Nations has been making

but still we need the full

cooperation of the member

states so that the UN can

better address all these

issues. Thank you very much for

speaking with us. Thank very much. There has been

another jet crash in Russia,

this one has taken a terrible

toll on the country's most

popular sport, ice popular sport, ice hockey. Virtually an entire top Virtually an entire top grade team has been killed when their

Minsk-bound plane crashed just after take-off. Amateur video captured the plume of smoke near the airport outside

Yaroslavl where the jet down. Part of the fuselage plummeted into the Volga River.

Search crews soon began pulling out the bodies of the dead. The

squad from Yaroslavl chartered a Yak-42, like this one, for

the flight to Minsk in Belarus

to begin their season. In

another League game in central

Russia, the President of the country's Continental Hockey

League broke the news to the

stunned crowd. TRANSLATION: terrible tragedy. On their

flight out of Yaroslavl for a match against Dynamo Minsk, the

plane carrying the Locomotiv

team went down. There was a moment of silence and the rest of the match was suspended.

This crash will only increase

calls for an overhaul of

aviation safety in

aviation safety in Russia. It

is the third major accident in the last three months. There

had been many crashes for

Russia's ageing civil aviation

fleet, many like this fleet, many like this one

posted on the Internet. growing toll has prompted Russia's President to call for

some older Soviet-era models to

be retired. But the reality is air planes like this are air planes like this are still the back bone of air travel in

the world's largest country.

For now, though, Russians will focus on the consequences for

the country's most popular sport - ice sport - ice hockey. Vadislav Tretyak is the President of the Russian Hockey Federation. TRANSLATION: Federation. TRANSLATION: We will do everything we can,

firstly, to find out what happened and, secondly, to

support the families so hockey in Yaroslavl doesn't die. But

for sports fans across Russia, this is a black day. In

Republicans vying for the US Presidential nomination Presidential nomination have

taken part in a fiery debate at the Reagan Presidential Library in California. Texas Governor Rick Perry and the Rick Perry and the former

Governor of Massachusetts Mitt

Romney exchanged sharp blows

over their of creating jobs. We created

more jobs in the last four

years in Texas. I came into a

State in real trouble, losing jobs every month. Their battle

largely overshadowed the other candidates including Michele

Bachmann, who failed to make much of an impact. Still with US politics, President Barack

Obama is preparing to go before

a joint session of Congress and

a national television audience in

in a few hours to unveil new measures to boost American economy. As he faces

sinking approval ratings, his

speech is being viewed as a

make or break moment for the US President. One man who knows a

thing or two about make or break moments in politics is former Premier of former Premier of Queensland

Peter Beattie. Before taking up his role as a special adviser

for economic policy and development at South Carolina's Clemson University, he was the Queensland Government's trade representative in Los Angeles.

I spoke to him earlier this His re-election chances obviously will depend on

whether he can do something about unemployment. The unemployment level is unemployment level is 9.1% and

has remained on that level for some time. There were

predictions it would come down

but 9.1% is quite significant,

much higher than in Australia.

Therefore, his difficulty is to

deal with it, to take it

head-on. That's why he will head-on. That's why he will be outlining significant expenditure. He is talking about reducing payroll tax, but the reality is, a few the reality is, a few months

ago, if anybody had said "Is

President Obama likely to be re-elected?" They would have

said yes but the dynamic is changing and the state of changing and the state of the economy will determine

fundamentally whether he gets

reelected and a key part is

unemployment. You can see a very real scenario whereby Barack Obama, who was elected

amid so much fan fare, amid so much fan fare, could

become a one-term Look, become a one-term President?

Look, I still think the odds

are in his favour, but think with the economy remaining sluggish, recovery

being slow and patchy. As I said, the high level of

unemployment at 9.1%. Finally,

getting a credible Republican candidate against him in the

form of Governor Perry from

Texas, that has changed the

political dynamic. You had the

Tea Party candidates who were out there running, they had strong support amongst their

usual supporters but didn't

have a lot of credibility with

the independents or middle ground. Then you Romney, even though he was the former front runner former front runner wasn't cutting through and wasn't winning significant support in the United States. I think President Obama would have

beaten him in any election. What What you have got with the

emerge ence of Governor Perry

was a credible candidate,

conservative enough to win conservative enough to win tb

Republic - to win the

Republican primaries but not Republican primaries but not so

extreme as to miss winning the

middle ground. What's changed

for President Obama in the last few months is the

in Canberra - sorry, in

Washington, some of that in Canberra too - which has

undermined some of his

authority as President, the

sluggish economy and now a credible Republican candidate

in the primaries, the dynamic

has changed. That's why this speech is fundamentally

important to his future as the

President. Barack Obama is, of

course, regarded by many course, regarded by many as one

of the most gifted ortores of

his generation. Will he be to deliver more than just States with a credible plan for

boosting economic growth in

that country? I have got no

doubt he will produce a

credible plan. The real credible plan. The real issue is whether the Republican s are prepared to support the plan. The speculation is he will The speculation is he will find ways to actually fund the $200

to $400 billion plan, whatever

it turns out to be, it turns out to be, the

speculation goes from $200

billion to $400 billion, but

that is important as to will to pass it through the House.

When you have the House

controlled by the Republicans

and the Senate controlled by

the democratic Democrats, you

have an almost impasse in the

Congress itself. He may well

have a good plan but can he

deliver? That is one of the

things undermining his

authority, whether he can in

fact deliver the plan he is

spelling out. Americans are

sick to death of in-fighting, the brawling

that's been going on. Unfortunately for President

Obama, he is wearing some of

the odum of the brawling that's

gone on. A lot

fault but when you are the

President, everybody expects

you to lead. Whether it is your

fault or not, you wear some of

the odum. The real challenge

for the President is to get it

through the Congress. If he

can't do that, that will be

further damaging to him. At the end of the day, will anything other than a dramatic

improvement in the US economy convince voters they should

back him again? That is the

absolute key to his future - an

improvement in the economy. If

you look at the US and you take what's happening

what's happening - I what's happening - I mean, the Governor Perry, Texas has

created a significant, a lion's

share of the jobs that have been created in the United

States. What you have got is

complete contrast. You have got

Governor Perry being able to

say "Look at what Texas has

done for America". On the other side you have the President struggling to bring struggling to bring down the

level of unemployment. This

package, from what I can see

from speculation, is not just

investment of money and stimulus to continue to see

jobs growths, there are tax cuts through cuts through payroll,

incentives for employers to put

on new employees, to create employment. The real challenge

in this speech will be - does

he come up with a method to pay for it because the level for it because the level of the

American debt, the high level

of the American debt, is a core political issue in the United States. It is what the Tea

Party is championing.

Therefore, this speech point of view of the future of

the American economy, but the

future of the President as well. How he gets the balance

right and does it will right and does it will be fundamentally important to how well received it is American people. There is

speculation the Republicans are

not going to even reply to the

President's speech. Whether

they do that or not remains to

be seen. That in itself may be seen. That in itself may be

an indication of just how well

this will be received by the

Congress. This week an NBC Wall Street journal poll but Obama's overall a low of 44%. Prime Minister Julia Gillard would love Julia Gillard would love a

rating at that level. Newspoll

put her voter satisfaction at

just 23% this week. Is it fair

to say she has a bigger job her hands than Barack Obama at

the moment? At least, as the leader of the Government, she

is able to control the budget in the Parliament which President Obama is not -

doesn't do because of doesn't do because of the

American system of government

which I think was set up by the

founding forefathers in the

United States as a reaction to

George III and they went too

far. At least she

budgetary process which gives

her an opportunity to her an opportunity to make a comeback. Julia Gillard comeback. Julia Gillard is

about as tough as you can get.

She is in a difficult political

position, no doubt about that.

The new poll confirms it. She is no quitter. The fact is she

is a strong person personality. A lesser person would have quit. Minority

Government is ugly. Dealing

with the Greens, the

Independents, it is a difficult

thing for any Prime Minister to

do. But the major players of

the Party are supporting her. She She has time on her hands, two years until the election.

President Obama doesn't have

that period of time. It is less

than that. Beat Peter Beattie, thanks for thanks for talking to the The World tonight. Pleasure, thank

you for having me. In the

United States, a controversial

push to stop judges in Oklahoma

taking Islamic law into account

when deciding cases heads back

in court just in time for this

week's September 11

anniversary. Muslim leaders say

it violates their rights stigmatises their faith. As Craig McMurtrie reports from Oklahoma, the row is

particularly confronting for

one September 11 Muslim widow. Baraheen

wear her hijab every day but September 11 changed

everything, including her

aproch to her religion. I don't

consider them as a Muslim. In

Islam, it doesn't say to harm

people. After nef 9/11 - 9/11, she covered up, she moved to New York, she gave - she moved

to Oklahoma and gave birth and

was on her own. Her died that day. They don't know

that Muslim was killed on that day. It has been 10 years, how come people still they don't

know? In the years that

followed 9/11, Oklahoma enjoyed the latest rate of reported

hate crimes directed towards members of the Muslim community

last year, when the public

campaign was launched to change

the State Constitution to specifically prohibit Sharia

law. Muslims make up less than

1% of the State's population.

No-one had been seriously

pushing for courts to follow

Islamic law. You feel like you

are a second class citizen. But

groups like Act for Mark Webber

- Act for America found it a

pre-emptive strike. We will a strong message. Voters of Oklahoma

Oklahoma supported the ban but

a federal judge a federal judge blocked it on appeal. So Baraheen Ashrafi finds herself reluctantly back

in the limelight, as a Muslim victim of 9/11. I can't explain

it in any words but I wish - I want to see his face. The next round on the discrimination

case is due to be heard the day after September Meanwhile, across New York

City, all manner of memorials

large and small are taking shape to commemorate shape to commemorate the 10th anniversary. Just a few blocks from the World Trade Centre

site, a unique commemoration as

flooded to life. It is a field

of flags. Scott Bevan met the

man what he calls Flag of

Honour. I am battery Park. In

the course of a few hours, the grass has sprouted almost 3,000 flags. It is called flags. It is called the Flag of

Honour project. The founder of this project is John

Michelotti. He joins us.

Pleasure to meet you. Thank you very much. Thank you for

allowing us to be in here allowing us to be in here among

this. What's the idea behind

the Flag of Honour? Idea

behind the Flag of Honour is the flag itself contains the

names of everyone who died on

9/11, including the planes, the Pentagon, the World Trade

Centre. They are made so Centre. They are made so that

in 100 years from now, when we are

it out of the foot locker and understand how much we lost

that day. Here is one of that day. Here is one of the

flags. Here we have all the

names. All the names of those

who died. How many names are on

there? 2,976. When you say

that figure and then you look at individual names, 10 years

on, does it still make your

heart skip a beat? Each heart skip a beat? Each year

we would read all the names to make sure we had correct from that year - all the spellings, the middle

initials. Each time after dealing with so many families, it is always a very emotional thing for me to do that. It is

something that takes a long

time and a lot of work and a

lot of emotion. But, it is very gratifying too to know gratifying too to know that it

is something that will last is something that will last for

a long time and will give a long time and will give some kind of kind of eternal rest to those

who died. The field is 2,976

flags on eight foot aluminium

flag poles representing one

flag, one life . What it does

is gives a visual reference to

the enormity of what the enormity of what happened

that day. People think "3,000,

that's not very many". When

they come here and walk among the flags and the flags and they can't almost

see the end of the field, no

matter which direction they

look, maybe they begin to

understand the human toll that

all about. Of all the names on

this flag you have designed, is

there one name each time you

see it that stands out to you?

The Hanson family. A mother, a

dad and a 3-year-old daughter.

I have spent some time with Lee and Eunis Hanson, their grandparents. They lost grandparents. They lost their only son, only and they are just devastated.

How can you ever get over How can you ever get over that?

You can't. It wasn't just

locals, of course. You have got

the national flags along here,

a line of national flags, the Australian flag down there. We're among those who were lost in this. 94 countries lost

people that an attack on just one an attack on just one country,

it was an attack on humanity.

It should have never

happened. For you to see this

field, with the flag you

designed marking the field at the moment, what's that for you? I'm more for you? I'm more satisfied, and pleased, that people can

come here and read those names

and remember each person as an individual. That's what makes

it so satisfying, so special.

It is the venue that we

people will come to to

understand, maybe refect understand, maybe refect on what happened. That's it. Thank

you, mate. Thank you very much.

10 years on from the

September 11 terrorist attacks, the United States and its

allies are still at war allies are still at war in Afghanistan. Our correspondent

Sally Sara reports from the

frontline at combat frontline at combat outpost

Pirtle King in the east of the This is the fault line of

war in Afghanistan. US troops

keep watch in the remote eastern province of eastern province of Kunar. This land has been This land has been fought over for centuries. Anyone who came to Afghanistan to teach an

Afghan to fight is a fool. The Afghan has nothing

terms of warfare. Combat outpost Pirtle King breaks the

rules of traditional rules of traditional tactics.

Instead of taking the high

ground, the soldiers are in the

valley so they can be closer to

the local people but that

leaves the outpost exposed to

gun fire from above. This base

is surrounded by a crown of

mountains. The insurgents are

able to get up high and shoot

into the base. They can also hide mortars and other weapons. All

of that makes it very

challenging for the soldiers

who are trying to defend who are trying to defend this piece of ground.

Fire! The base is often

attacked several times a day.

The enemy hits hard from a

distance and runs. The weapon

systems that he is engaging me

with, the range he is engaging me with, it is almost - it is just is a sound effect.

Gunfire. This is what it sounds like. Gunmen open fire on Pirtle King from two

directions. The US soldiers hit back hard. They fire hundreds of rounds

into the hillside. The

insurgents have just started

firing from up on the ridge again. The US troops are returning fire from their

battle positions just behind me

here. This has been here. This has been the heaviest contact of the day so

far.

It is the fourth time the base has been attacked in the past

eight hours. The troops

mortars to target the insurgents taking cover in the

folds of the mountains. Often

the gunmen are see. My main concern when it

kicks off is to to find out where they are it, fix them and finish them. Pirtle King was

named after two soldiers were killed when a neighbouring

base was overrun by insurgents

but the troops here are confident they have the fire

power to fight their way out of trouble, despite the terrain.

A US jet roars above as a

warning to the Taliban

gunmen. It is somewhat intimidating when you first get

here, but once you realise

where the enemy come from and

where they are moving around at, you can key in on those areas and pull more security out out in that direction. US choppers keep watch as fighter pilots drop a 2,000 pound The barrage costs hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Sometimes it is just night by

night. The base comes to life

after dark because the risk of

being shot at during the can be so high. Fire. This is

what it looks like through the

night vision equipment the

soldiers use. During the day, we are surrounded by mountains

and high ground. We can take

contact from any location,

north, south, east and west and

we have. Much of the

maintenance work is carried out

under the cover of darkness.

The soldiers know that, when

the sun comes up, the gun fire

can come from anywhere. We get

hit from over hit from over here, we get hit

from over there - let me from over there - let me do this. We get hit from here. (LAUGHTER) All around?

around. There hasn't been a

spot we haven't gotten fire

from. Daylight brings another

attack. The commander of the

Afghan troops fighting

alongside the Americans points

to where the fire is coming from. When the Americans go,

the Afghans will be left to hold this ground. It is very

difficult to get supplies to remote location like this one. Many items don't even make it halfway from Kabul because of

theft and corruption. Out here,

logistics are regarded as just as important as tactics. The Americans have faith in Americans have faith in the

Afghan troops if they are given

the support they need from

their own chain of command.

These guys get it, they are on the frontline, they understand

this war. If we can just get it to where they're getting

supported to the level they need to be, independent American forces, that's what winning looks like in 2014. winning looks like in

Hello, you are Hello, you are watching The World on ABC News 24. World on ABC News 24. I'm Nick

Grimm. Here is a reminder of the top stories. The Prime

Minister has spoken to the

leaders of both Nauru and Papua

New Guinea about the asylum seeker situation in seeker situation in Australia

on the sidelines Islands Forum in New Zealand. The Opposition is continuing to press the Government to come up

with a new policy on asylum

seekers amid claims that the Immigration Department believes

that onshore processing could

cause social unrest in Australia. Russian authorities

are investigating whether a are investigating whether a jet

lost power shortly during

take-off shortly before it

crashed killing 43 people. Most

were members of one of the

country's top ice hockey country's top ice hockey teams. Witnesses struggled for power on take-off

and hit an antenna near the end

of the runway. The of the runway. The latest debate between the US Republican Presidential

candidates has turned into a

duel between Mitt Romney and

Rick Perry. The pair locked

horns over their job creation

records with Mr Perry accusing his opponent of having one of

the worst records in that area.

The debate comes as President

Obama prepares to unveil new

measures to boost the faltering

American economy.

Gaddafi has dismissed

speculation he has fled from

Libya to Niger. Using his now familiar channel of

communications - a call to a sympathetic TV station based in Syria - he insisted he was still in Libya and any suggestion and any suggestion he might

have fled to Niger was

psychological warfare and psychological warfare and lies.

While the hunt Gaddafi, there While the hunt goes on for Gaddafi, there are Gaddafi, there are growing signs of the power vacuum he has left behind in Tripoli with

the opposition still based in Benghazi, there is no real rule of law and hundreds of Gaddafi loyalists have been locked up

without trial. In the old Libya, where the prisoners' sky

was a patch of light, was arbitrary and sentences could be indefinite, or could be indefinite, or cut

short by an execution. Fear

still isn't far away in the still isn't far away in the new Libya's prisons. We were asked

not to show the not to show the prisoners'

faces. "I'm afraid because they

say I'm a killer". my witness, I am not". He is

accused of killing two hostages and burying their bodies. His

problem is that no legal process has started to establish his guilt establish his guilt or

innocence. Around 700 men are

warehoused in this improvised prison

prison in a suburb of Tripoli.

It smells of sweat and fear.

Many of them fought in the

Hamis brigade, a unit run by the Colonel's son, its disregard for the its disregard for the rules of

law. A lot of them told me they joined in the regime's last

months for their money. There are are Nigerian prisoners, suspected mercenaries according

to their jailers. They say you

had guns. No, I don't have done gun. They said the people captured here were carrying

guns. No. No-one here has guns. No. No-one here has a lawyer, no-one has been

charged, no policeman is

investigating what they did or didn't lawyers who are trawling the

remains of the old State to seize and preserve its record accept it is early accept it is early days but believe more should have been done already to uphold the done already to uphold the rule of law. Indian police have

arrested three people in

connection with a bomb connection with a bomb blast

outside the High Court in New

Delhi. The death toll from Delhi. The death toll from the attack has risen to 12 with

more than 70 other people injured. Police received email claiming Harkat-ul-Jihad

al-Islami was behind the

bombing. One of the men arrested was an Internet arrested was an Internet cafi

owner in Kashmir after police

trailed the email to one of his computers. Flooding in

Pakistan's province of Sindh

has killed 130 people and left hundreds

hundreds of thousands without

their homes. It has raised concerns food will be in short supply for millions of

Pakistan's poor. With the memory of devastating floods in devastating floods in 2010

still fresh, Sindh is again

under water. Authorities say at

least 130 people have been

killed in flash killed in flash flooding and

hundreds of thousands left

homeless. For locals, the

monsoon rains are a nearly

challenge but the renewed

flooding caught many off-guard. TRANSLATION: off-guard. TRANSLATION: We were asleep when the water

came. We managed to get some of

our stuff out in a boat our stuff out in a boat but we

have suffered heavy

losses. Thousands of acres of crops have been destroyed

putting food supplies for

millions of people at risk. Authorities have announced disaster relief measures including compensation packages for victims and the army is for victims and the army is on standby in case the flooding worsens. Many people worsens. Many people are

worried they are unlikely to

receive any help and for some the situation is getting

desperate. TRANSLATION: We

will have to start doing will have to start doing armed

robberies. We have no other

choice. What else can we do to

fill our children's stomachs?

The annual monsoon is due to end in the next few weeks and

authorities warn the heavy

rains are set to continue.

Let's get the latest world

weather with Graham strong cold change is going to

move through the south-east

overnight and during tomorrow. Very cold temperatures, slow to

low levels about 500 to 600m in

Tasmania, 600 to 800m in Victoria.

Rainfall is a feature through

New Zealand. Most of the

forecast models are suggesting three or four days of three or four days of moderate

to heavy falls. Across the

north, not as bad, north, not as bad, but the South Island a pool of cold area. Across south-eastern

Asia, widespread showers and thunderstorms. None of the models are picking out anything

in the way of overly

significant falls.

We are looking at some

heavier falls as we head

towards western parts of towards western parts of Asia.

In around Laos, Cambodia and

the Thai border, this area

looking at a cluster of thunderstorms and the potential of the storms to rainfall. That's in association

with the developing low out of

off the coast of Vietnam and

that could trigger decent falls

across much of the region as we head in towards the weekend and

through next week. That will be

an area worth watching for significant rain. A tropical

low moving towards the south

island of Japan. Should cross

that region over the weekend.

At this stage it is not overly strong but there will be an

increase in rainfall and strong winds. Also disturbance sitting over the north-east of India, significant falls significant falls expected there. But across into Burma, pecking to see moderate to

heavy falls of rain as the

monsoon remains active. Widespread showers over probably the northern

two-thirds of Europe. It is

just the southern countries we are looking at relatively conditions. Moderate to fresh

winds developing across winds developing across those areas as well. It areas as well. It looks as though the rain will be around

for a few days to for a few days to come. Significant falls in isolated thunderstorms across most of

the ek what toirl belt. A pool

of hot air pushing as far south

as Namibia. as Namibia. For the US, up

around the north-east,

Pennsylvania, New York State,

we are looking at further very heavy rainfalls across heavy rainfalls across that region. Also got a pool region. Also got a pool of very cold air that will cold air that will head over

the US-Canada border. A the US-Canada border. A a

trough will pass through the

Brazil coast and that could

Financial markets breathed a

sigh of relief overnight

following a German court ruling. Markets were ruling. Markets were anxious Germany would be prevented from supporting struggling Eurozone

economies. The pro bail-out decision comes despite decision comes despite growing hos tillity towards Germany's roll as Europe's piggy

bank. These judges had made

Europe officials nervous. "The

complaints are rejected". In a landmark judgment, the

continue but they insisted continue but they insisted if German Parliament had to expressly approve further

rescues and that could prevent Germany Germany responding swiftly to further crisises. The battle ground

ground is now German public ground is now German public

opinion. That's the view of

those who lost the court case. There is a growing

uneasiness amongst the screr

German people. The acceptance

of the Euro is an all-time low

with the effect that the

acceptance of Europe and the EU

is at an all-time low as well. Recent polls well. Recent polls suggest more

than 60% of Germans oppose further cannot always pay for everything and

everything and everyone. If it

is just a bottomless pit, I would not be prepared to

pay. The German Parliament

today began debating whether to

support new powers for the bail-out fund. Angela bail-out fund. Angela Merkel

said she had been vindicated by

the court decision the single

currency. TRANSLATION: The

Euro is the guarantee of a united Europe. If the Euro

fails, then Europe fails. But moving through Parliament's

corridors, it is easy to find MPs who are opponents of

further bail-outs, even within Angela Merkel's own Party. TRANSLATION: I cannot agree to further agree to further bail-outs because we will face huge

burdens and gigantic risks for

our future generations.

A problem there. A new report

out today examines the risk of a new generation of Islamic extremists emerging on

Australia's doorsteps. The Centre for Muslim States and

Societies at the University of

WA, the Lowy Institute for

international policy and Sydney University's Centre for

International Security Studies

have collaborated on a study

that examines what's happening

to Indonesian students who travel to Pakistan and Yemen to

study at Islamic schools. Pakistan and Yemen have of

course been identified by

counter-terrorism organisations as hot spots al-Qaeda-related activity.

Anthony Bubalo is one of the

co-authors of the report. I

spoke to him earlier. Thanks

for coming in to talk to The World. First off, the title of

your report poses the your report poses the question

Talib or Taliban? Can you

explain what the differences are understanding the report, isn't

it? It is a play on words.

Talib in Arabic simply means student singular. one sense, means students, it is plural, but it also refers

to the organisation in

Afghanistan and Pakistan. In a

sense, it is asking the

question - these Indonesian

students going to Pakistan and Yemen, are going as students or

are they going there with more nefarious further through the report. Why

have you chose eng to study Indonesian students in

particular? It is off the back

of earlier research we did at the Institute, looking at Islamist connections between

the Middle East and Asia so we

decided to fill in some

gaps. Why focus on Pakistan and

Yemen? Pakistan for Yemen? Pakistan for some fairly obvious reasons.

Pakistan remains an important node in international terrorist

networks. Yemen is becoming increasingly important as a

country as we see the activities of al-Qaeda in the

Arabian Peninsula in Yemen

increase. There is a perception

out there, isn't there, that

Muslims who travel to places like Pakistan and Yemen become radicalised once there and become

become trained in the dark arts

of terrorism. What's the

reality? What we looked at in

this report was this report was Indonesian

students that go to study at Islamic institutions, and the majority are going to institutions institutions where it is

unlikely they will be radicalised or come radicalised or come into contact with

movements. The report does

however isolate certain areas

we should be more concerned terms of either radicalisation

or the development of more

extreme connections. The vast

majority of Muslims who are travelling

travelling to these countries

to study are not posing any

sort of security threat to

anyone? No. It was important -

one of the aims of the report

was to try and provide a bit

more detailed understanding. If

you look at a case like Yemen where

numbers in Yemen have grown

remarkably in the last remarkably in the last decade,

from 200 to 300 to probably

over 2,000. At first blush think that's alarming. What we

have tried to do is to say "Where are the students going,

what are they being taught?".

The good news is most of the

students are going to places where they are being taught in

mainstream institutions and a

moderate form of Islam. You did weapons training in Yemen. One

area of concern, particularly

in relation to Yemen, relates to those Indonesian students

going to what we have referred

to as Salifine institutions,

that refers to a more hardline

Islam. In one or two cases they

are going to institutions in conflict zones in Yemen. We have some evidence that Indonesian students were Indonesian students were given

weapons training, albeit as a

means for them to defend the

institution in the

Nevertheless, it is not a great

thing if these guys are going

there to get an Islamic

education and coming back knowing how to fire an AK47. You argue there needs to

be some sort of monitoring, a process of understanding of

these religious institutions.

How difficult is that, though?

With these institutions in

particular in Yemen it is

difficult, they tend to difficult, they tend to be

suspicious with good suspicious with good reason. Some of the institutions have had students in the past that have

have gone on to be members of

al-Qaeda or other extremist groups. A lot of the Indonesian students that institutions are there on the

wrong visas or have breached

their visa conditions. We do

need to know a lot more about

what's happening in the schools and who what. Are we finding Pakistan

is less of a threat to create a

new generation of terrorists new generation of terrorists on Australia's doorstep? The good news in terms of Indonesian

students in Pakistan is that

there has been a decline

overall in Indonesian students

going to Pakistan but, in

particular, Indonesian students going to the most extreme

institutions like the Islamic

university in Karachi. Is that

both those institutions subject of stringent scrutiny?

They are and visa regulations

are tighter. It is harder for

Indonesians to get to Pakistan to study. Those institutions

associated with extremist

activities in the past are more

closely monitored by the Pakistan authorities, particularly

particularly international enrolments. Is the enrolments. Is the monitoring

of the school enough, learning

how to make is easy to learn?

We are looking at a very

narrow element in

picture here. We are looking specifically at the whole fe none mon of students going to study in Islamic institutions.

It is not an issue in terms of

terrorism. We have tried to identify those areas where it is potentialy problematic and more attention warranted. Thank you for coming in. Australia is dominating in

the cricket? Yes, Australia the cricket? Yes, Australia is

in a a

After choosing to bat first the

hosts were bowled out for 174

in their first innings. The Australian bowlers took centre

stage from the outset. Sri Lanka's top Lanka's top order couldn't

handle the swinging ball. Trent

Copeland took two wickets in

the opening session. It is in

the air. Brilliant catch. Michael Hussey in takes a blinder. Hussey then

removed danger man Kumar

Sangakarra thanks to an equally

stunning catch from Phil

Hughes. All the Aussies shared

the wickets in a dominant bowling performance. bowling performance. Shane Watson and Phil Hughes made a

great start to Australia's

innings, they put on 60 runs innings, they put on 60 runs by

stumps. After the tragedy of the Christchurch

the Christchurch earthquakes and Pike River mine and Pike River mine disaster disasters, disasters, the organisers say

New Zealand is ready to throw

the biggest party the world has seen. Here is dwars Dominique

Schwartz. Kiwis are ready

party. The welcome mat has been rolled out. People are showing their true colours. Here

supporting the Wallabies and anybody playing the All Blacks. One team will win this Cup. Look going to take this out. The suburb

suburb of Eden Park has adopted

the Wallabies as its second

team but even here the boxing kangaroo has its wouldn't be surprised if we

don't have a popping party to get rid of them. Nearly 600km of international flagging has

been hung around the country but there is no doubting the but there is no doubting the

favours. The All Blacks favours. The All Blacks were limbering up this afternoon for tomorrow's opening tomorrow's opening clash

against Tonga at Eden Park. The stands stands are empty now but come tomorrow night they will be

packed with 60,000 cheering fans. I am going fans. I am going tomorrow night. They'll hear me. Details

of the opening ceremony are

being kept under wraps. The

only certainty is that it will

look a lot different to the inaugural event held here in

1987. These are going to be the friendlyist, greatest Rugby

World Cup ever. For those not

at the ground, there will be fleet of Maori war canoes, the

Finn brothers and fireworks on

the waterfront. We have had a

rough 12 months or so. I think

people want to have something to celebrate. I think they

ready to let go. Let go of everything except everything except their dreams

of once again holding aloft the

Webb Ellis trophy. Australian Webb Ellis trophy. Australian

Samantha Stosur will have to

wait another day to play her quarterfinal after torrential second straight day. Three of

the world's top male players ganged up on officials after

they were forced to take to the

court. The Big Apple's big wet

caused more havoc for organisers today at Flushing

Meadows. After a short delay, officials ruled it safe officials ruled it safe to start. Rafael Nadal wasn't impressed with the decision.. Nadal was down

3-love when play was suspended accusing organisers of putting

dollars before safety. We don't

feel protected, we are feeling protected for the tournament. Grand slams are

worth a lot of money. We are part of the part of the show. They are just

working for that, not for

us. Andy Roddick and Andy

Murray backed his frustration,

having played in misty rain for

15 minutes. If it is 15 minutes. If it is up for

discussion whether the court is

playable or not, that probably

means it is not. With more rain

forecast for tomorrow, there are calls for a roof to be

installed at the

nil-all between the Australian

women's soccer team and China

at half time in their qualifier. Thanks very The new Guinness World Record

book is out next week. As you

would expect, it is full of all kinds of weird and wurfd

achievement - wonderful

achievements. Among them is the

record for the longest ears on

a living dog. They belong to

Harbor, an 8-year-old American coonhound. His left right is 31cm, right ear 35cm. 31cm, right ear 35cm. That

makes the ear span the same as the height of the world's

shortest man. To keep up with

the stories, you can log on to our web site. That is the The

World. I am Nick Grimm. Stay

with us on ABC News 24 for with us on ABC News 24 for 'The Drum'. Goodnight. This Program is Captioned

Live Hello, Nick Grimm updating ABC News. He isn't

out of woods yet but troubled MP Craig Thomson can tonight breathe a little easier. New

South Wales Police have decided not to investigate the

backbencher over the use of his union credit card for prostitutes. The Prime

Minister says she has Minister says she has full

confidence in him but Mr

Thomson could still face

investigation by Victorian

police. Here's chief political correspondent Mark Simkin. If Government's breathing a sigh of relief it is doing it

Gillard had to say. I've consistently expressed my

confidence in the member for Dobell. He's there working Dobell. He's there working for

his local community. Police

matters are a matter for the

police and I'm not comment on them. Craig Thomson

released a three line