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Live. Japan's Liberal Democrats

swept from power after more

than 50 years. The Dalai Lama's

Taiwan visit sparks more anger

from China. 14 police cadets

die in a park stand suicide attack. And East

attack. And East Timor marks 10

years since its independence.

Good morning, Beverley O'Connor with ABC News for

Australia Network. After more

than half a century of unbroken

Democratic Party has been swept rule, Japan's Liberal

from power on a wave of voter

anger. The Conservatives have

been replaced by the Democratic

Party of Japan, a patchwork of moderates, former Conservatives

and socialists. They are

promising to confront the

country's chronic economic woes

and bring about revolutionary

change. From Tokyo, north Asia

correspondent Mark Willacy

reports.

It was the unstoppable

charge to victory. In a seismic

shift in Japanese politics,

shift in Japanese politics, the

Democratic Party has broken the

Conservative stranglehold on power, ending decades of

virtual one-party rule. The

people are very angry with the

Conservative ruling party. I

thank the people for supporting

us. We now need to fight and

work hard. Hungry for change,

the Japanese turned out in

droves. 70% of eligible voters

cast a ballot. In Tokyo, only

heavy rains from a typhoon

stopped more people from making

it to a polling booth. Within

minutes of the polls closing,

it was clear that the

opposition had swept to power

in a landslide. For the Prime

Minister Taro Aso the election

put an end to an 11-month reign

plagued by verbal gaffes and

policy paralysis. I honestly

feel it was my fate to take

responsibility for this feel it was my fate to take the

election loss. This is my

destiny and I accept it. The

son of a Foreign Minister and

the grandson of a Prime Minister, Yukio Hatoyama comes

from a blue-blooded political

family. Often called the

Kennedies of Japan. He's

promising revolutionary change,

including free high school

education, a higher minimum

wage, and a $320-a-month child

care allowance. We must listen

to the people's needs and

create a government that

responds to those needs. And to

do that we will not rely on

bureaucrats. Having swept the

once invisible Conservatives

from power, Yukio Hatoyama and his Democratic Party must now

program of revolutionary implement their promised

change. There's little time to

celebrate. They inherit a

country deeply in the red.

Government debt alone will soon

grow to twice the size of

Japan's $6 trillion economy.

This election gives the

Democratic Party an

indisputable mandate to grapple

with the country's many ills,

including a rapidly ageing

population and record

unemployment. The revolution in

Japan could be about to begin.

The Tibetan spiritual leader

the Dalai Lama has arrived in

Taiwan to pray for the victims

of typhoon Morakot. His visit

has angered China and there are

fears it could hurt Taiwan's improving relations with

Beijing. A handful of

supporters were at the airport

to welcome the Dalai Lama as he

touched down in Taiwan. But the

welcome was less than warm when

he arrived in the capital.

(Yelling) Pro-China supporters scuffled with police

as they yelled at the spiritual

leader to go home. Get out!

(Yelling) But the Dalai Lama

says he's not in Taiwan to talk

politics. Sometimes I have some

political agenda. Otherwise,

wherever I go, no political,

only spiritual and education,

only spiritual and education,

and this time, humanitarian.

The Dalai Lama will spend five

days in Taiwan, visiting some

of the area's worst hit by

typhoon Morakot. He will also

lead a mass prayer. Very, very

eager to come here, because my

first visit, second visit, I

first visit, second visit, I

got very good impression. The

people here, very nice. On the

streets of Kaosung, his visit

is seen as a positive. "I don't

think we should make it

political, this is just for

praying for the victims. I

think the Dalai Lama as a great

master came here to pray for

the good of the people and this

is a great help to Taiwan."

But the Chinese Government sees

things differently. It says it

resolutely opposes the Dalai

Lama's trip. The Taiwanese

President has approved the

spiritual leader's visit but he

won't be meeting him.

14 police kadz debts have

been killed in a suicide

bombing in Pakistan's Swat

Valley. The recruits were all

volunteers. It's the deadliest

attack in weeks. The suicide

bomber entered the police

compound and blew himself up,

killing the recruits and

injuring many more. The cadet

were part of a community police

force training to help patrol

the area. Between 60 and 70 recruits were in the compound

when the attacker detonated his

explosives. In this blast, our

men have been martyred.

Witnesses say there was a big

blast, followed by bursts of

gun fire. Security forces were

put on high alert, and nearby

shops and markets closed for

business in fear of more

bombings. It is very difficult

to prevent suicide attacks like

this. But with sufficient security measures, the damage

can be reduce ed.

can be reduce ed. The

Pakistani Prime Minister has

condemned the killings. He is

quoted in a statement from his

office as saying "We will not

allow the enemies of the

country to succeed in their

deevil designs." The army

claimed last month to have

cleared the Swat Valley of

Taliban militants, paving the

way for residents who had fled

the area to begin returning home, but skirmishes

home, but skirmishes continue

in Swat and Boona, raising

fears that the Taliban are

regrouping in the mountains.

It's also the third time this

base has been bomb ed in recent

months, and comes a day after

the army said it had destroyed

a major training camp on the

outskirts of Mingorah.

Two dozen oil tankers and trucks carrying supplies for

been destroyed NATO forces in Afghanistan have

been destroyed in a suspected

Taliban attack. Officials in

the south west Baluchistan province say the vehicles burst

into a flames when a series of

rockets were launched by

unidentified tankers. Supply

routes to land-locked Pakistan

are vital for Western Forces

battling a resurgent Taliban.

Officials fear there will be

further efforts to block

supplies as the US builds up its forces in

its forces in the area to

try-to-try to stamp out the

Taliban. The United Nations is

not saying whether it will abandon investigations into

human it rights abuses in East

Timor back in 1999 after a call

to do so by the country's President Jose Ramos Horta. He

used the 10 year anniversary of

Timor's independence vote to

call on the UN to put an end to

investigations and allow East

Timor to move forward.

Yesterday may have been a time

for solemn ceremonies but last

night was party time here in

Dili as local performers and

the Indonesian pop star

Cristianti performed in front

of at least 20,000 people to

turned out to celebrate the

10th anniversary of East

Timor's vote for independence.

As you can see Cristianti is

very popular here in East Timor

as are many products of

Indonesia's popular culture

despite the brutal history the

two countries have shared in

the past. That history was also

addressed earlier by East Timor's President Jose Ramos

Horta who went to great lengths

to emphasise that it was time

to put his country's often

brutal history behind it. He

said as President and as a man

who had lost his brothers and a

sister and as someone who had

crisscrossed Indonesia over the

past 10 years, he had taken the

pulse of the people, and it was

their feeling that there should

be no war crimes tribunals, and

that the heinous crimes

committed by Indonesian troops

or by East Timorese people

would haunt them forest of their days, and there was no

need for the United Nations to

keep investigating such offences

offences against

humanity. Those who commit the

crimes are the ones who have to

live with these crimes and the

ghosts of their victims

haunting them for the rest of

their lives. 10 years after

popular consultation, we must

put the past behind us. There

will be no international

tribunal.

But last night was about celebration, and many people

who were involved in the 1999

protests towards independence

returned to East Timor on the

weekend to share it with the

East Timorese, including some

of those who have not returned

since 1999. David wimhurst was

the United Nations spokesman in

that troubled year when

independence was chosen by East Timor. Looking at Timor today,

I find it amazing that in 10

years they've come so far.

They've had a lot of problems,

right. They fell back into

internal conflict and that was

very tragic and watching that

from far away was extremely heartbreaking but I hope

they've got over this and

they're now on the right track

and there is this push for

development which is so

important because development

is the way out of poverty. So I

wish them all the luck in the

world. It's often said about East Timor that the vote for independence gave them the

opportunity to make their own mistakes. And it also gave them

the choice to choose how they celebrate. And like anyone else

on the planet, they love an

opportunity to have a good

time.

You're watching ABC News for

Australia Network. Coming up -

official recognition at last

for the forgotten Australians.

And - a victory for Ferrari as

Finland's Kimi Raikkonen wins

the Belgian Grand Prix.

Days of torrential rain has

left at least 17 people dead in

south west and central China.

Floods have swept through

Sichuan Province leaving at

least five dead and more

missing. The rain has also

toppled houses and other

properties and damaged crops.

More than 700,000

More than 700,000 people have

been affected. Paradoxically

the rain has brought relief to

some drought stricken areas in

the south. Rebel militia from

Burma's northern Kokang region

have begun fleeing into

southern China following tens

of thousands of people who've

already fled fighting between

the rebels and the Burmese

army. Burma's military regime

says it wants to take control

of the region ahead of next year's planned year's planned elections. The

fighting erupted in Kokang when Burmese Government forces were recently deployed to the

region, sparking a mass exodus

of locals, many of them ethnic

Chinese, into Yunan province

across the border. Minority

living in border areas like

Kokang continue to make claims for autonomy despite a

ceasefire with the Burmese

regime. But the region is

largely run by rebel militia

who are said to be in the drugs

trade mostly with trade mostly with heroin and

methamphetamine. Now they've

moved across the border into

China themselves, joining

thousands of civilian who is

have already gone. I wouldn't

say we fled the fighting. We

were humiliated. They've killed so many innocent people we couldn't fight them any

more. Like the refugees the

rebel fighters hope to return

to their homes in Burma, but

for now they're staying in

Chinese towns like Chinese towns like Mangpeng.

This fighter from Kokang says

his group surrendered its guns

there was no way we could win,

he says. Meanwhile, in the town

of Nansan, rf jees into moved

into camps like this. They say they're being looked after by Chinese authorities but China

has urged Burma to stabilise

the situation quickly. Until

that happens, when Burma thinks

it has enough control over

Kokang for the 2010 elections,

it seems safer are for the

refugees and the fighters to

stay in China.

The chief of India's southern

state of Tamil Nadu was asked

for more relief for Tamils in

Sri Lanka. He wants New Delhi

to step in to ensure more help

for the thousands of Tamils

displaced by the war in Sri

Lanka. He says what's been

provided so far is not enough and many Tamils are and many Tamils are facing

hardship and struggling in the

rainy season. Sri Lanka claimed

victory over the Tamil Tiger separatists in May ending one

of Asia's longest-running

conflicts. The country has

pledged to resettle the bulk of displaced Tamils within the

next six months. The remains of

two Australian airmen killed in

the Vietnam War are due back in

Australia soon. Pillot Officer

Robert Carver and Flying

Officer Michael Herbert were

farewelled at a ceremony in

Hanoi. The men disappeared in

1970 after a bombing run over

central Vietnam. Until

recently, they were the last

Australians still missing from

that war. As chief of the Air

Force and for all the men and

women of the Royal Australian

Air Force we finally get to

take our last two airmen home.

The remains were found in June

after a long search. They're

known as the forgotten

Australians. And the lost

innocents. But those who grew

up with abuse and neglect in

orphanages and state-run homes

are about to receive national

recognition for their suffering. The Australian Government has announced it

will formally apologise for

their treatment, but it won't

be making amends financially.

Emma Griffiths with this report

from Canberra. Leonie was taken

to St Cath rith's orphanage at

Geelong when she was just 3.

She's one of an estimated

500,000 Australians who spent

their childhoods in orphanages

or homes last century, many of them enduring traumatic

treatment. Children were

brutalised, sodomised,

assaulted with canes. They were

denied contact with their

siblings. They were denied

food. After years of inquiries and reviews. Federal Government

has promised an apology to

Australians and former child

migrants who suffered such

abuse and neglect. This is a

very significant statement for

those who've suffered so much

over many, many years. It will

mean the country will know our

history. From here comes weeks

of consultations about how best

to express the nation's sorrow. Already victims' groups are

pushing for a ceremony before

the Parliament, with statements

from both the Prime Minister

and the Opposition Leader. The

coalition says last year's

apology to the Stolen Generations of Indigenous children set the gold

standard. My hope is that Kevin

Rudd will treat this apology

with the same solemnity he did

the apology to Indigenous people. But the government has

dashed hopes that compensation

might follow, leaving that up

to former care providers and

the States and Territories. So

where that's a decision that

they take, of course, that's

entirely a matter for them.

The former Democrats senator

Andrew Murray a child migrant

himself says an apology is a

wonderful step but it won't be

enough. That's the first step. Then other things need to be

done. Other things have been

done for institutionalised

children. And more needs to be done. We little children who

were in those orphanages need

the same level of support and

aftercare that we didn't get

when we were children. But the

many unhappy childhood memories will never be forgotten.

A search is under way for an

Australian politician who is

missing in bushland in the southern state of Victoria.

Police say the State's Water Minister Tim Holding was

expected home yesterday

afternoon. The 37-year-old

Labor minister went hiking on

Mount Feathertop in Melbourne's

north east. Police say his car

has been found at the base of the mountain but search teams

couldn't find him when they

reached the hut he had been

staying in. There are less than

100 days until world leaders and scientists meet in

Copenhagen to thrash out a

successor agreement to the

Kyoto Protocol. And Greenpeace

is stepping up its campaign to

pressure world leaders into

taking deceasive action the the

conference. These ice

sculptures at the temple of

earth park represent 100

children. They were cut from

frozen water sourceed from the

Yangtze, Ganjes and Yellow

Rivers the three main rivers

which begin as melt ing ice in

the Himalayas. Greenpeace made

100 English sculptures in the

shape of kids. What we want to

tell people is if we don't take

actions today, future of our

kids will also be melting away

like these ice sculptures.

Greenpeace says glacial melts

in in the Himalayan and Tibetan

regions threatens the fresh

water supplies to one fifth of

the world's population. The

group means more than a billion

people will face water

shortages. At the temple in

paing, this woman and her

daughter play among the melting

sculptures This is for our

next generation and the one

after and the one after that.

It's also educational for the

little children. Every year,

the summers becoming hotter and

the earthquakes and tsunami

keep happening. This must be

related. It will threaten our

children's future. China emits the most greenhouse gas from

human activities of-country e

especially from burning fossil fuels, yet it's fuels, yet it's emissions per

person are still much lower

than the developed world's per

capita average. We need to

reach a clear plan on how the

world is going to save itself from the catastrophe of climate

change. The first taiz of the

UN's Kyoto Protocol expires at

the end of 2012. Negotiations

on a replacement accord are

scheduled to conclude at the

Copenhagen conference in

December.

It sounds too good to be

true, a tiny plant that can

fuel cars, feed livestock and

offset pollution. A group of

scientists in the Australian state of Queensland believe

they've identified a microscopic algae that can do

all three and the big energy

companies are already signing

up. It's here in these bubbling

ponds that scientists hope lies

the answer to cutting the

planet's pollution. After 20

years of research, they've

identified strains of algae

that are rich in nutrient s and

thrive on carbon. They take out

carbon dioxide from the air or

if you feed them carbon

dioxide, they take that and

with the aid of sunlight they

convert that into sugars,

proteins and oils. The oils

can be extracted to create biodiesel biodiesel and plastics. The

algae can eventually be

harvested as a rich alternative

feed for livestock. But it's

the ability to soak up twice

its weight in carbon that's got

the big energy companies

interested. All you have to do

is give them a container in which they can grow, and from

which you can harvest them. And then it's up to you what you

want to do with the biomass.

With that in mind, three of the

country's biggest coal and

gas-fired power stations are

building algae farms. Each will

be set up alongside the mant,

and the carbon from the exhaust

is injected into the waste

water. We're able to reduce

half the emissions at each of

those sites over the next 5 to

10 years. At Loy Yang power

station in Victoria, that

translates to about 10 million

tonnes of CO2 every year. While

the al gee may not be the

answer to all Australia's

pollution problems, this

microscopic plant could be part

of the solution.

You're watching ABC News for Australia Network. Our top

story this bulletin - after

more than half a century of

near unbroken rule, Japan's Liberal Democratic Party has

been swept from power on a wave

of voter anger.

A look at the business

markets. Looking around the

region, New Zealand has opened

and it is higher this morning.

Sport now. Finland's Kimi

Raikkonen has won the Belgian

Formula One Grand Prix to give Ferrari its first win of the season but the race was not

without incident, with

Championship leader Jenson

Button and reigning world

champion Lewis Hamilton both

crashing out on the opening

lap. On the opening lap, the lap. On the opening lap, the Belgian Grand Prix and the

Formula One season took a new

twist. Championship leader

Jenson Button and last year's

winner Lewis Hamilton were

among four drivers to crash

out. Ferrari's Kimi Raikkonen

steered clear of the carnage.

The Finn took the chequered

flag for the first time in 25

races. Force India's Giancarlo

Fisichella finished second with

the German Vettel third. Hopefully we can get

some good results still after

this race, but always been

doing pretty well here. We can

see what we can do in the last

part of the season. Raikkonen

moves to fifth in the overall

standings but Button still

leads. A century from captain Daniel Vettori gave New Zealand

the chance of an unlikely

victory against Sri Lanka in

the second Test. Set 494 to win, the

win, the Kiwis resumed at

6/182. Jacob Oram combined with

Vettori to rebuild the innings

before Tilekaratne Dilshan made

the breakthrough. Vettori

continued on, notching his

fourth fst century. He was the

last man out for 140, the

fourth highest score by a No. 8

batsman in Test history. The 96

run win handed Sri Lanka a 2-0

series whitewash. The shortest version of the game, rain

washed away any hopes of a result as Australia took on

England in the first of two

Twenty20 matches. The visitors

reached 4/145 in the first

innings. Cameron White top

scored with 55 off 36 balls. In

reply, England was in early

trouble, losing two quick

wickets, before the wet weather

set in. In the English Premier

League, Manchester City

continued its impressive start

to the season with a 1-0 win

against Portsmouth. Aston Villa

beat Fulham 2-0 at Villa Park.

The AFL finals will begin this

week. The Western Bulldogs

rounded out the home and away

season with a 24 point win over

fellow finals contender

Collingwood.

Now time to have a look at

how the weather is shaping for

us as we start the working

week.

You've been watching ABC News

for Australia Network. Let's

check again the top stories

this bulletin. After more than

half a century of near unbroken

rule, Japan's Liberal

Democratic Party has been swept

from power. The Dalai Lama

touches down in Taiwan,

sparking protests and an angry

reaction from the Chinese

Government. And 14 people

cadets have been killed after a

suicide bomber strikes in Pakistan's Swat Valley. That's

the bulletin for now. You can

always go to our web site and

get the latest in news and

current affairs. I'm Bev

O'Connor. Thanks for watching.

We'll see you soon. Bye-bye. Closed Captions by CSI