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Newsline With Jim Middleton -

View in ParlView

(generated from captions) Live. THEME MUSIC Hello and welcome to

Newsline, I'm Jim Middleton.

Coming up - as the humanitarian

crisis worsens, the flood damage to Pakistan's infrastructure still being still being counted. These

waters have submerged a fifth

of Pakistan. They have also

claimed the livelihoods of millions in the country's traditional textile industry

and cotton-growing heartland.

This is a loss that has international ramifications.

Rebuilding Pakistan later in the program.

be forgiven for wondering if they'll ever have another

and a half after national government. A week

and a half after the election,

counting of votes is far from finished and neither of the

major parties is guaranteed a

majority in Parliament. The

Gillard Government has now done

a deal with the Greens which it

hopes will boost its chances.

However, four Independent However, four Independent MPs

have still to reveal which way

they'll jump. Political Editor

Catherine McGrath has been

watching the match nations in

Canberra. Is the only Canberra. Is the only surprise

in this deal between Gillard

Labor and the Greens that it took all to formalise? In a sense Jim

that's right, because if you

look at the policies of Labor

and the Greens they're much

closer than the policies of the

Coalition and the Greens and

Adam Bandt as you know the

minute he got in in the seat of Melbourne that he won from

Labor, he made it clear that he was going to support the Labor were heading in that direction,

so it wasn't really a surprise,

but in a sense what was

interesting today was that the

two sides actually signed an

agreement much like a

agreement that countries sign,

you had the two parties. So Julia Gillard and Julia Gillard and deputy Wayne

Swan actually sat down in a

room with Bob Brown and room with Bob Brown and signed

pieces of paper which they then

engaged and then they talked

about their agreement. So

we'll hear a bit of that now

starting with Julia Gillard.

We have reached with the Greens in writing and

that has been signed today and made publicly available. I made

think the fact we were able to reach that agreement shows that

we have worked in good faith and held good discussions and held good discussions and

that agreement would govern our

arrangements with the Greens in

the House of Representatives

and in the Australian Senate. We have this morning signed agreement with the current We have this morning signed an

government and to move towards government for stability

resolving the the people of Australia have resolving the arrangement that

voted for to create a continuation of the Gillard

Government and to have the good

governance this country wants

for the next three years. Australian Greens'

leader Bob Brown and before him Australian Prime Minister Julia

Gillard. Action on climate

change is an article of faith

for The Greens. During the

election campaign Julia Gillard

came up with this notion of a Citizens Assembly on climate change. What are she and the Greens planning now? What they've agreed to

have now is an all-party

committee on cleaning. That

committee would be made up of people who are first of all

climate change and believers in the threat of

people who believe that a climate change and secondly,

carbon price, setting a carbon price is an important step

towards that. So the committee

people on there who obviously wouldn't have any

change sceptics or any people who don't believe in a carbon price, so that's the price, so that's the first

thing. So effectively yes,

Julia Gillard's plan for a Citizens Assembly is dead, but

she still tried to justify that today at the press

original announcement and said

that through the all-party

committee she will continue to argue for Assembly. How has the Opposition responded to this Labor-Greens agreement? Tony Abbott was very quick out of the blocks this

that he the blocks this morning to say

was stitched up before the election and the evidence that

he's cited on his part is that

The Greens didn't ever give him a chance he said to form any agreement

agreement with them, didn't

give them a chance to talk and

the first he knew was at the

11th hour was when Bob Brown 11th hour was when Bob Brown

the Greens' leader came to see

him to say this was happening.

He says it's just evidence in

his view, particularly in terms of dumping the Citizens Assembly, he says it's that the Labor Party's policies

really don't seem to have much conviction, much depth. The

Citizens Assembly was always

dud policy, but it was hers and now it's been junked at the

direction of the Greens. What

this indicates is that there is

no election commitment that is so important and so certain

that it won't be junked in the

quest to hold onto

power. Australian Opposition

Leader, Tony Abbott. Does this

deal actually move Labor closer

to government? How long before the uncertainty ends? I hate to

say this, but yes and no is the

answer. Labor moves its seats

formally up to 73 in the House of Representatives, the same as

the Coalition, if you consider

the Coalition has that Western

Australian National Party

member Tony Crook, so they're

73 apiece, but it doesn't

really move them any the fact they need 76 seats in

the House of Representatives.

So if Tony Abbott gets the

three rural Independents to

agree to form a government with

him, or Andrew Wilkie with

that, or if Labor do, either is

still a possibility. In that sense, it doesn't secure Julia

Gillard and Labor anything.

What it does slightly is move

momentum a bit in Labor's way. Labor want to keep that moving so they look as if they're

forming government. If they

believe they look like government they'll have more believe they look like a

chance of being a Nothing is secure yet. How

long will it take? Several more

days, even into early next

week, Monday or Tuesday. Political Editor Catherine McGrath in Canberra. Not for cricket is reeling Not for the first time, world

cricket is reeling from

allegations of corruption. Pakistan's cricketers Pakistan's cricketers stand

accused of arranging to deliver

no balls at specific times in their Test series against England to advantage illegal

betting syndicates. The

International Cricket Council is investigating but so far has not suspended cricketers at the centre of the

allegations. Geoff Lawson is a former Australian former Australian cricketer who

coached Pakistan's cricket team

in 2007 and 2008. Geoff

Lawson, welcome to the program. Thanks, lovely to be

here. In your time as coach of

Pakistan, did you see any warning signs it might come to

this? I didn't, and I'm a

fairly meticulous coach and I sort of note every ball bowled, from a purely coaching

point of view you want to be on

top of everything and I'd probably have

probably have a note on every

ball bowled during that period

and nothing even from that spot

fixing angle even comes to

mind. Stupid no balls or wides

being bowled or anything

particularly out of the

ordinary, so I didn't see anything from that point of

view and from a team point of view, our performances were

quite consistent. We were

pretty much on top of our game most of the time and we didn't really have any performed particularly badly

and it was a reasonably successful period, so successful period, so nothing springs to mind. Nothing

sprung to mind then and

certainly doesn't in

the detail of this current

parlous episode, a question of

detail, just how hard is it to fix a game of cricket? It's

pretty tough to fix the result,

particularly without being obvious about it. You must

have complicit virtually the whole team to fix a Test match or even a 1-day

game. I suppose the shorter

the form of the game the easier it would be, because there's

less things to do to less things to do to get the

game fixed, but if you

fix a game and a result, for

most cricket experts I think

they could see through things.

If people are deliberately

getting out or deliberately

bowling poorly and captains aren't responding to those

sorts of things, the experts

who watch and commentate on

cricket generally can pick

those things out. It's not that easy game let alone a series, that easy to fix a complete game let alone a series, but to

fix an individual delivery,

that is fairly easy. In that

remarkable topsy-turvy Test between Australia and Pakistan

in Sydney, I think,, did you

have any doubts about what was going on, that anything

underhanded might have been occurring? I worked on that

game for ABC Radio and game for ABC Radio and you

watch the game closely and

Pakistan had the best of that

game for probably 80% of the game. fourth morning when there was fourth morning when there was a big partnership, and the

tactics were interesting.

Mohammed a civilian was the

captain, he didn't have a lot

of experience as one. Great player, wonderful player, but

not a great cricket brain. We

all questioned his tactics as

to what was going on to what was going on and yes

we'd do it different ways and

they should make changes. So

from that point of view, that raised a few eyebrows from raised a few eyebrows from a

purely cricket point of view

and in hindsight and think "Well, there are

different ways we could interpret that performance". Was

Was it gutsy stuff by the

Aussies and poor stuff Pakistan? Or Pakistan? Or more nefarious acts at play? The ICC did

investigate that game and investigate that game and found no irregular betting or behaviour so look, I guess we've got to go with them. Coming to the current

problem, is money at the root of it, that players from Pakistan in particular, but from the Afro Asian bloc in enough to prevent them from

being tempted by bribes to

corrupt the result of

games? There is a whole lot of

factors at play and certainly the levels of pay for the Pakistani players in particular, they're fairly low

compared to the rest of the compared to the rest of the cricket playing world.

Australia are the best paid.

People these days are on $2

million before match payments

and they can make up to $3

million if you're playing all

forms of the game. That's a

pretty good earn for a

sportsmen. sportsmen. The Pakistanis

might start at US $50,000 and

$100,000 if you're the captain.

Money can be a motive, but a city like Karachi is city like Karachi is almost

ruled by the local Mafia and

extortion and threats are a

part of almost daily life and

people could be certainly

threatened if they didn't perform

perform in a certain manner

that things may be done to them

or their families or whatever.

It's not just about money in

that part of the world. The

love of money is not a great

thing to have, but it could go beyond that. It may be the case that while you were coach of Pakistan you saw no signs of

match fixing, but there were other other irregulators, what

happened? I have a different perspective on the whole affair

because I've lived in because I've lived in Pakistan

and I've dealt with some

selectors and players at the

top level and I had a top level and I had a very close encounter call it corruption if you like

, but certainly where a selector had an selector had an extortion

threat against him, against his

family in fact if a certain

player wasn't picked in the Pakistan side. Pakistan side. This particular

player on merit did not deserve

to be in the squad. He was put

in the squad and I certainly

didn't approve of it. I argued

against it in selection

meetings and anyway he was put

in. We finally got to the last

game of the 5-game series we

were up 4-nil and we still

didn't pick him and he didn't pick him and he came back to me and told I was going to play". told I was going to play". "I can't tell you, the selectors

didn't tell you". Apparently someone outside the team in someone outside the team in the selections had

going to get a game for

Pakistan. Is it possible to

clean things up and if so, how

can it be done? That's the $64,000 question. 250 years

ago the Royal Family in England

wanted cricket banned because

gambling became rife and through each succeeding century

there's been periods where the

has wanted to be banned by authorities because authorities because gambling was such an was such an institutional

problem and here we are in the

21st century. We had problems in the late 20th century, Pakistanis, Kiwis, South Africans were found guilty of

it. It's nothing new. It is

it. It's nothing new. It is a tough handle to grab hold of

and swing in any direction. The ICC have The ICC have their anti-corruption and security commission. They try as hard

as they can to prevent people. It's a tough ask and

I'm not sure what the solution

is. How do we change the

traits of humanity? People want

to make their money, whether

that's the players who may be

greedy or the bookmakers or the

Mafia or underworld figures who

want to make their money and

they'll do it however they please. Geoff please. Geoff Lawson, thank you

very much. Thanks, mate. It's

more than a month since massive floods Pakistan. Aid agencies say the global global response to the protracted disaster has been

pitifully slow. Millions of people have lost

and the textile industry and the textile industry vital to Pakistan's economy is in

serious trouble. Much of the

cotton crop has been wiped out and crucial infrastructure has

been destroyed. Huey Fern Tay

reports. These waters have submerged a fifth These fifth of Pakistan. They fifth of Pakistan. They have

also claimed the livelihoods of millions in the country's

traditional textile industry and cotton-growing heartland. This is a loss that has international ramifications. We think at the moment the floods

have caused a 20% downgrade to

production, so they may look to be net importers this year, which put extra pressure on the market. For the millions of people working in billion dollar textile and

garment industry, this

garment industry, this disaster could not have come at a worse time. There's talk that Pakistan will import cotton

from India and Brazil to satisfy production demand.

Doing so would mean buying at its peak and global cotton prices haven't been this high

since the mid '90s. At this

stage, the market looks as if

it may just still be in surplus

this coming year, however if Pakistan a net importer of cotton this

year we will see the supply

demand situation tighten up to

the point where we could see

another deficit in 2011. The

imported price of cotton will create greater price

differentials for them, but

nevertheless it's a nevertheless it's a major industry within Pakistan, both in

in terms of the number of

people it employs and also in

terms of the export earnings, about 60% of earnings come from textiles so they're not going to let that

slip easily or quickly. A more

expensive product makes made expensive product makes made in

Pakistan less attractive than competitors. This is at a time

when business is already

when business is already down because of the because of the economic crisis

in two of Pakistan's main

buyers - the US and the EU. More companies there are

sourcing their goods from China which has a much larger industry and can keep industry and can keep costs

down. The business environment at home has not helped either. There's a lot of either. There's a lot of skill in Pakistan, but the main factor has been increasing

costs of production. The cost of utilities like of utilities like gas,

electricity, water has significantly soared. Pakistan

now faces the task of

rebuilding not just an industry

but a nation, one whose economy

has been troubled by high

interest rates, inflation interest rates, inflation and frequent power shortages even

before the floods.

Reconstructing crucial

billions. The climate is still

very warm, Karachi today, for

example, was 36 degrees. People have been really struggling trying to keep themselves cool. Now with lack

of electricity and that

situation being made worse it's

not just individuals but also business that are going to find it more difficult to operate

because they simply won't have

enough electricity and that is a major problem. This will place even more pressure on place even more pressure on an economy that is only forecast to grow at United Nations is hoping the EU

and US and US will give Pakistan's textiles preferential access textiles preferential access to

their markets out of

compassion, the same way Sri Lanka benefited after the 2006 tsunami. They have given this Bangladesh, Bangladesh, Israel, Jordan,

Kenya, Bahrain and if the same privilege is provided to Pakistan at least for Pakistan at least for 3-5 years, this can years, this can significantly

help Pakistan textile industry

to recover. I think it is

likely. The US is very keen to establish a stronger deeper

relationship with Pakistan not because of the the because of the the floods, although the US has given significant aid as a significant aid as a result of

the floods, global war on terror. Drastically lower

economic growth and high

unemployment will be a major

concern for the US because

Pakistan is a key ally in its

war against terrorism. It

needs Pakistan to be stable and

has been trying to improve its

reputation in the country with billion dollar aid projects. Together, and the United States are working to transform this long-standing relationship into a strong comprehensive and sustainable

partnership of mutual

benefit. The US Chamber of

Commerce is also urging the

Obama Administration to help by allowing

allowing duty-free access of selected Pakistani products.

This is a plan first proposed

by former president George W.

Bush and is intended to create jobs in Pakistan's remote regions including

regions including border

regions with Afghanistan. The

US believes by doing so al-Qaeda and the Taliban could

be prmpbted from recruiting be prmpbted from recruiting the disenchanted. But there are high levels of mistrust towards

the US in Pakistan's tribunal

areas and the plan -- tribal

areas and the plan may not be feasible. The organisation of Pakistani Taliban they haven't

threatened foreign aid but they have int mated that

they might and that is significant

significant to deter aid agencies from going into agencies from going into those

areas. That would be something

the US would have to consider if they were to if they were to set up those zones, could they actually

function? US lawmakers are due to return from recess in a few

weeks. What action they take

then will be keenly followed.

Huey Fern Tay reporting. One

child every minute dies somewhere in the world from Rotavirus, a nearly 40 years ago. Although numerous vaccines have since been developed, there've been too expensive for many

developing countries, but developing countries, but now Australian researchers are working on a new vaccine which

they say could make innoculation more affordable

and protect children at a younger age. Sonia Lear

reports. Edward doesn't know

it, but he's helping to fight a

killer virus. The 6-week-old

is part of a clinical trial at

the royal Melbourne Hospital.

children around the world each It kills half a million

year. In India alone it kills

an estimated 100,000. The trial

currently conducted here in

Melbourne is a safety trial

where we've given the vaccine

to adults, children and now

babies. Currently we're

studying 20 babies of 6-8 weeks

of age with one dose of vaccine

to show it's safe before moving babies. Almost every child in to larger trials of more

the world will be infected by

Rotavirus by the time they're 5

years old. Australian children

have been vaccinated against it

since 2007, but there's a until 6 months of age where since 2007, but there's a gap

infants are unprotected. In

Australia, few children die, but in the country's Northern Territory, one in ten children

is hospitalised with is hospitalised with the

disease and the virus hits developing countries even harder. Diarrhoea triggers

severe dehydration and left

untreated can be fatal. The infants from birth because it

can be given to newborns as

young as one day old. The potential essentially is all countries, but developing countries setting countries, but more the

where the burden of disease at that neonatal period or 0-2

months of age is a lot months of age is a lot higher

and it would prevent a lot of

disease and deaths. They don't have access to hospitalisation or even primary care or even primary care physicians to treat a child with diahorrea. So

protect early on, you're then more likely to save lives. One

of the vaccine's researchers

Professor Ruth Bishop has spent nearly 40 years studying

colleague Rotavirus after she and a

colleague first discovered it

in 1973. She says the new

vaccine would be a breakthrough

for poorer nations where 90% of deaths occur. At the time Rotavirus was discovered, it

was a was a very difficult

proposition to convince countries that this was a disease that killed children.

There was a tendency even amongst mothers to see diarrhoea diarrhoea as a normal part of growing up. I think that

attitude has now changed. They

know there are things you can do about it and hopefully with increased distribution Rotavirus vaccines, the death increased distribution of

rate will decrease. The main

obstacle is the cost of distributing vaccines developing countries. Last distributing vaccines in

year child in the world should be vaccinated against Rotavirus

using the licenced vaccines

available. But the existing

vaccines cost up to US $200 for

every child, more than every child, more than one month's wages in some parts of

Asia. One of the goals of the new vaccine is to develop a

vaccine that's low cost. I

would like to see it become

cheap and available in

developing countries. I would

like to see it given to

child in the first month or so

of life and in order to severe disease of life and in order to prevent infection. Rotavirus infection

will be inevitable at some

stage during everybody's life and probably the purpose of the vaccine is

to prevent that first infection

being life threatening in being life threatening in young children. Trials of the new

Rotavirus vaccine will begin on newborns in Indonesia successful, the vaks eeb could Zealand next year and if

be on the market within five

years. It's a great story, a

great achievement. There's not

many places

describe a development all the

way from a discovery of a

of great global significance to way from a discovery of a virus

the world's children and follow the world's children and

that through to the development

of a vaccine targeting children in developing countries. It's

a great achievement from the team. That report from Sonia Lear, and that's all for For more information you can visit our website australianetwork.com/newsline. visit our website at

your views on our coverage and You'll find a link to send us

you can watch stories and interviews we've you can watch some of the major

had on the program. I'll be back at the same time tomorrow with another edition with another edition of

Newsline. I'm Jim Middleton.

Thanks for watching, bye for

now. Closed Captions by CSI The greening of Labor -

sealing a deal to support a minority

minority government. There is

always a little bit resisence about stepping into the icy waters of political agreement.

break-out by asylum seekers Also tonight - a mass

from the Darwin Detention

years, Barack Obama hails the Centre. After seven long

end of combat operations in Iraq. We have met our responsibilities, now

responsibilities, now it's time

to turn the page. And the Australian economy surprises

again with its biggest

quarterly growth in three years.