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World leaders arrive at the

Copenhagen summit amid warnings

that progress is too slow. 27

killed and dozens injured in a

bomb attack at a Pakistan

market. Travel chaos in Melbourne as Virgin Blue

cancels flights leaving

thousands of people stranded. And Victorian Clint McKay

prepares to make his Test debut

replacing injured fasz bowler

Peter Siddle. Good morning.

It's Wes 16 December. I'm

Michael Rowland. And I'm

Virginia Trioli. Our top story

on ABC News Breakfast - the PM

Kevin Rudd has just arrived in

Copenhagen where world leaders are gathering for the final

days of the UN climate summit.

Delegates are currently pouring

over the details of a new draft

text. Observers say there are

still deep divisions between

rich and poor nations highlighted by the United

States saying it doesn't expect

to offer further cuts to its

carbon emissions. The UN's

climate chief says - We are at

a distinct and important moment

in the process. We have over

the past week or so seen

significant progress in a

number of areas but we haven't

seen enough of it. Time is

running away. Within 48 hours

or less than 48 hours actually

we are going to finalise this

agreement. For more the ABC's

environment report Sarah Clarke

joins us from Copenhagen and

the 24 hours before leaders

have to deliver their

commitments to the floor in

negotiations at at the Copenhagen. Where are

moment? Tonight there's been a

special meeting of ministers

called and when I say that

there are about 25 minutes from

developed and developing

countries is having a special

meeting from and I find some

common ground on the drafts

that are still being debated.

The same drafts that have been

here for the last few days.

Some have even told us that the

divisions are widening and the

situation is still very

volatile and got to remember

that we've got Kevin Rudd has arrived already, Gordon Brown

and a number of leaders

arriving tomorrow. These

ministers have to turn around

and deliver their country's

position to these leaders, to

then turn around and put their

official statement on the

floor. It's still unraveling

and there are still major

divisions. You've spoken to the

chief negotiator at the G-77

group, the group that represents the developing

nations and China and he says

Australia in his words is a

Kyoto killer. Is Australia

trying to remove the Kyoto

protocol? This is where the

divisions are kind of still

occurring and Australia's been

the direction target from the

G-77 group and they're saying

that coat has go - by getting

the US on board and the US is

again said it will not come to

the table on Kyoto, so this is

where Australia's been caused

by the g 77 group and they've

even tarted Kevin Rudd -

targeted Kevin Rudd. As things

stand at the moment will we see

any agreement by Friday? It

seems in the final hours it's

hard to believe that we can

move to an agreement by Friday

but these things do tend to

surprise all of us but the UN

chief negotiator said there's

still a long way to go because

the same sticking points that

were here last week remain and

in the final hours we've got a

top level meeting with the top

Minister here, it's somehow

hard to believe how it can be

achieved. The PM has arrived in

Copenhagen, he's obviously keen

to play a key role in these

talks or brokering some form of

agreement in concert with other

world leaders like Barack Obama

and Gordon Brown? He's doing a press conference in about half

an hour but we are already

hearing that some leaders

including Angela Merkel, the

chancellor of Germany says if

it's a failure she may not come

but there are 11 oleaders

confirmed to be attending this

conference - 110

leaders. There's a host of oh

celebrities and I suppose

global dignitariories for want

of a better term expressing their views on climate change

in Copenhagen. Let's have a

listen to some of those

views? Remember, that our

children and grandchildren will

ask not what our generation

said but what it did, so let us

give an answer of which we can

be proud. A delay at this

point could call into question

the viability of this

undertaking. We cannot allow

Copenhagen to become do ha. If

this conference does not get

the strong agreement some would

say that Copenhagen has failed.

That we talked grandly but we

are feeling itself, much like

the fairytale the emperor has

Gore and Arnold Schwarzenegger no clothes. Prince Charles, Al

having their respective two

Bob's worth on climate change

and finally what would be the

climate change scientists be if

the worst case scenario

unfolded and there wasn't an

agreement on Friday? I think

they'd be horribly disappointed

and a lot of those scientists

are actually here and the big

dispute is the two different

drafts on the table are

looking, one is a 2 degrees

increase in temperatures and

the other is 1.5 and today Ban

Ki-Moon said he mentioned the #

degrees and if this is the case

this will disappoint a lot of

Pacific cups who say that that

1.5 is as far as which can go

because certain Island also

disappear if we go above 1.5.

That temperature increase is

crucial and who cams up in that

final text in the agreement

agreement on Friday. A car bomb

has explo ploded in extra

Pakistan killing at least 27

people and - exploded in

central Pakistan killing at

least 27 people. Pakistan

continues to battle Islamist

fighters across much of the

country's north-west including

tribal areas bordering Afghanistan. Virgin Blue says

it expects significant

disruptions for passengers in

Melbourne again today after the

airline's cheek in system

failed. There were - check in

system failed. Vig put up

hundreds of passengers in

hotels over night. Amnesty

International has released a

damning assessment of

conditions on Christmas Island.

The human rights group says

there's severe overcrowding in

the detention centre and it

also lacks basic services. The Federal Government has

announced another $50 million

to pay for more teachers police

and health workers and to

upgrade basic facilities. But

amnesty says that's not enough

to improve the conditions for

aslyum seekers. US President

Barack Obama has ordered a

number of Guantanamo Bay

terrorism detainees to be

transferred to a prison no

Illinois. A state official says the Thomson Correctional Centre

will house no more than 100 detainees from Guantanamo Bay.

President Obama promised to

close the Guantanamo Bay

facility by January but he's

had difficulty finding prisons

for about 200 detainees. Israel

has reacted angrily to a

British court's decision to

issue an arrest warrant against

the former Israeli Foreign

Minister Tzipi Livni. The

warrantallied war crimes during

Israel's campaign in Gaza

earlier this year when Ms Livni

was a member of Israel's inner

Cabinet. The warrant was

revoked when it was found that

she was not visiting the UK.

And Boeing 787 dream dream has

taken to the skies for its

first test flight this morning.

The plane took off from seatal.

The Dreamliner iset the so hold

the key to Boeing's future. I

can hold 250 passengers and

promises to save airlines

millions of dollars in fuel and

maintenance costs. The Federal

Government is moving to block

access to overseas websites

featuring illegal content

including child sex aboous

sexual violence. Telstra and

most major providers have

welcomed the plan but there are

some concerns that it amounts

to censorship and won't work

anyway. The Government says it

wants to help Australians stay

safer online. So it's decided

to make it mandatory for

Internet service providers to

ban Black listed websites based

overseas and feature the sort

of obscene content that's

already illegal to access in

other media like film, computer

games and publications. It

includes child sex abuse

content, beastality, sexual

violence including rape and the detailed instruction of crime

or drug use. The laws are the

result of a year-long trial of

Internet filtering. And a

broader policy to help parents

shield their children. It is

important that all Australians

particularly young children,

are protected from this

material. I don't want Senator

Conroy in my living room

telling me,000 important my

children or telling me what I

can watch on the Internet. The

activist group GetUp has been waging a campaign against

website filtering and saying

the Government's plan simply

won't work. Tell Kevin Rudd

no... Most unwanted content,

the vast majority gets

distributed through file

sharing networks and through

emails, not through

websites. The Minister insists

the trial has proved that

faltering does work and he says

the report has refuted another

key criticism, that it would

lead to slower Internet

connections. The wild claims

about impact on Internet speed

are just that. But the

Government will still have to

contend with concerns that the

black list has no public

oversight an alleged slertion

of the list was leaked earlier

this year and it caused an

outcry because it included

harmless websites like that of

a Queensland dentist. Stephen

Conroy says an independent body

will decide what sites are on

the list. He'll also have to

batle the Senate, the Greens

have already said they don't

support the laws, the Coalition

isn't sure. Everyone wants to

see inappropriate cop tent

blocked. The issue is how you

do it and whether it's workable

or manageable. If it passes the

legislation won't come into

effect until late 2011. As we

heard earlier the PM Kevin Rudd

has landed in Copenhagen where

the UN climate summit is

liching towards it all

important final days but the

Government continues to operate

in his absence. Melissa Clarke,

good morning. There's going to

be a rather important policy

statement released today on

aviation policy? That's right.

The Transport Minister will

release the aviation white

paper today. This has been

eagerly awaited by many, in particular Sydney resident os

will be very keen to see what

it says about the ever

contentious issue of a second

airport for Sydney. It's

expected it will finally rule

out any prospect of a second

airport at the badgearies Creek

site in western Sydney and

announce a task force so to

speak to find an appropriate alternative site but the white

paper is also going to cap vas

a whole range of issues including safety on airlines

which was ramped up in the wake

of September 11 and also other

issues such as planning and

noise kuf eyes which - curfews

which has been a an issue. Lit

certainly be eagerly awaited before he releases it this

morning On the other side of politic, Tony Abbott is gearing

up to offer what the awn is

suggesting this morning is a

major speech for him and the

paper's get all hot under the

collar scribling it as quiture

Chilean. I think Tony Abbott -

he'll be talking to the

millennium forum, in Sydney

this morning and this speech

will be his first chance to

really flesh out in a bit more

detail what on earth he's on

about. Sense he took over leadership we've heard his strong statements against an

Emissions Trading Scheme says

it's a great big tax but we

haven't heard a great big deal

and this will be his

opportunity to outline how

he'll position himself against

the Rudd Government. He wants

to be more Oppositionist. He

doesn't want to work with the

Government. Interestingly, we

expect in the speech today

he'll also trau quite a strong

link between the conservative

side of politics and

conservation. He's saying he

wants to fight an election on

Emissions Trading Scheme and

even though that's the areas of

climate change and environmentalism are

traditionally aligned more with

the Labor side of politics, he

thinks that's a better fit,

that environmentalism fits

better with the conservative

side. He's really trying to

turp the whole political

orthodoxy on its head. Good to

talk to you this morning, thank

you so much. Now to the front

pages of the major newspapers

around the current. Tony Abbott

will accuse Kevin Rudd of

attempting to use the Emissions

Trading Scheme to disguise a

redistribution of wealth to the

poor. The NSW pricing regulatory has recommended

electricity prices should rise

up to 62% under an Emissions

Trading Scheme. That's on the

front page of the 'Financial

Review'. Melbourne's 'Age' says

Australia could drop its ban on

uranium sales to India f after an international expert called

for a new approach to

restricting nuclear weapons. The 'Sydney Morning

Herald' reports Sydney will

have to wait another 18 months

learning the site of its

proposed second airport. That

goes to the aviation policy

statement we were just discuss

discussing. The 'Daily

Telegraph' says knitting

needles and nail clippers will

be allowed on board flights as

Australia relaxes its travel

rules. You know who will be

most please pleased about. That

Amanda Vanstone. Remember, she

was in arms about that ban on

metal Cutlery and she got

herself into a bit of trouble but suggest suggesting who was

go to take over a plane by

brandishing a blunt metal

knife. She has it back. We can

hear the sigh of leaf from

Italy. The 'Herald Sun' reports

transit passengers will no

longer be at risk of having

their duty free alcohol

confiscated. And Geoffrey

Edelsten walked from a horrible

crash unscathed. And important

bushfire safe haven in the

Adelaide Hills was locked down

on a high fire danger day reports the Adelaide

'Advertiser'. The says the a

report has recommended building

a new railway station in the

city's east. The 'West

Australian' has a photo of

fires in the State's south and

also says 90 patients were

seriously harmed in medical

mistakes in WA hospitals last

year. The 'Mercury' says

Tasmanians will be able to

build and renovate their homes without council approval under

a planning shake-up And finally the 'Northern Territory News'

says two men have been

hospitalised after being struck

by lightening. Well it is the

storm season and the lightening

play around about Darwin at

this time of year is absolutely

remarkable, so I'd be surprised

if people weren't struck by

lightening from time to time up

there. If you see lightening,

stay indoors If you'd like to

send us your feedback - The top stories on ABC News

Breakfast - world leaders including the PM there's still an enormous amopt

of work to be done. 27 people have been killed in a bomb

attack in a market in extra

Pakistan. About 50 others were

wounded in the blast in Dera

Ghazi Khan which badly damaged

a number of buildings. And

Virgin Blue passengers flying

out of Melbourne can expect

significant disruptions again

today after the airline's cheek

in system failed last night.

There were chaotic scenes at

Tullamarine airport yesterday

with almost 50 flights

cancelled. At least eight

people have died in a suicide

car come explosion in the

Afghan ka. It's the late nest a

string of attacks on this Kabul

and the bomb coincided with a

conference on corruption being

hosted by Afghan President

Hamid Karzai. The suicide

bomber struck mid morning.

Windows shattered and a huge

cloud of black smoke rose to

the sky above Kabul's. It's an

up-market area, popular with

foreigners and home to Basaltico, Government officials

and aid organisations. The

suicide attacker deadinated a

car bomb near a hotel

frequented by westerners.

Nearby cars were set alight.

The house of the former Afghan

vice President may also have

been a target. When the blast

happened I walked out of my

office. I saw ten cars

destroyed and I saw a number of

people killed and woubd

wounded. The injured were

rushed to hospital but for some

it was too late. Among the dead

were two of his bodyguards. According to the

preliminary report so far there

are 38 wounded.

The blast was heard several

kilometres away by about 200

dignitaries, gathering at the

Foreign Ministry. Ambassadors

had joined Government officials

for the start of a major

conference on tackling

corruption. The explosion

delayed President Hamid Karzai's opening speech but

soon after it was back to business.

TRANSLATION: We must seriously

continue to fight against

corruption, we must also be

very careful, extremely

careful, that the fight against

corruption does not become

corrupt itself. A purported

Taliban spokesman claimed

responsibility for the

blast. Turning now to finance

news and minutes from the

Reserve Bank's last board

meeting reveal the decision to

lift interest rate was not as

clear cut as first thought. The

minutes released yesterday show

board members argued bo for and

against raising the rate for an unprecedented third

month. Economyists say we can

still expect the upward trend

to continue. Looking at the

markets now -

Neal snael back with us from

the ABC's Lateline Business

program. And he spent the entire evening reading the Reserve Bank board minutes,

haven't you Neal? Well I'd

rather be on the golf course

Virginia, but have to earn your

keep somehow. What did you take

it from it Two key words,

finely balanced they said the

decision was, weighing up the

risk of raising rates too

quickly and the dampening

effect that might have on

consumer confidence and also they recognised that the

Australian dollar was high and

that's making life difficult

for exporters in particular and also the international recovery

isn't assured at this stage.

The other threat that they had

to worry about was leaving

interest rates too low and for

too long and that of course

carries the risk that asset

bubbles may evermg to that's

one thing that the Reserve Bank

wants to mitigate against. They

decided on raises interest

rates and the thing that will

keep them ray raising interest

rates the economic data that

has come out since the meeting

because that meeting was held

just before the unemployment

figures came out for November and of course the unemployment

rate went down in November to

the surprise of most of us, and

so that was much stronger than

expected and also we get GDP

figures today and if we get a

positive reading on GDP today

then that's likely to keep the

Reserve Bank raising interest

rates and we'll probably see

them raise rates again in

February when it next meets We

had more than a few economists after these minutes were released saying that they're

now more convinced that the RBA

will pause their rate rise

cycle for at least the February

board meeting given the

unprecedented nature of the

first three, having had in the

Governor's terms a material

effect on the economy and for

all intens and purposes go

forward in March April and May

but. It does depend on the data

but it will depend on the

September quarter GDP, also

we'll get a better feel for

retail sales especially how

they hold up over the Christmas

period, December and January,

so they will be the keys to how

the Reserve Bank moves next but

certainly it's on an upward

trend and it hasn't reached the

peak of the interest rate

cycle. Tear still in an

expansionary cycle at the

moment. I don't know if

anyone's tracked the sale

recently of rotten fruit and

vegetables but the Westpac AGM

is being held today There'll be

discussion about bananas at the

AGM I'm thinking about the

objects that might be thrown..

Westpac copped a lot of flak

when it raised its interest

ratesly 40 basis points and was

really left standing like a

shag on a rock when all the

other banks raised their rates

by less than Westpac. It's

copped a lot of flak over the

past fortnight and you'd expect

a little more more attention,

more from the media rather than

shareholders This is making

shareholders money.

Shareholders can of course be mortgage holders with West

package but an over the odds increase provides more capital

for shareholders. It's probably

a good thing for shareholders.

It all depends on what damage

is don to the Westpac brand

over these past couple of weeks

and one of the Westpac

spokesman said to us a few few

weeks ago that I mate happen

the next month that the other

bank also help next

month. Later this morning we'll

talk about the data out today

which is September GDP figures.

Thank you. In a few minutes Vanessa O'Hanlon will be here for a look at the national

weather. And also ahead we'll

have a review of some of the

newspapers, this morning we'll

be joined by the former editor

of the 'Age', Mike Smith. For

sports news Paul Kennedy joins

us and Peter Siddle's pain is

Clint McKay's gain I

suppose? It is. And it's been a

remarkable rise for Clint McKay

from Victoria. He's only played

a couple of one-dayers but the

musical chairs is almost forred

over there in Perth for the

positions if the Australian

team. Siddle out, Clint McKay

is in. He's a bit like Glenn

McGrath this young bowler,

26-year-old. Very tall. And

will hit a line and length and

use the bounce to his

advantage. Nathan Hauritz is

still in doubt. He hurt his

finger at training. The

Australian selectors have

plucked Steven Smith from NSW a

20-year-old to be his back-up.

The West Indies are not without

their problems. Shivnarine

Chanderpaul and Adrian Barath

are both in danger of missing

the Test. That l be a big blow.

Adrian Barath made theton in

the Brisbane Test and this is

what Chris Gayle had to say

about it yesterday There's a few concerns, Shivnarine

Chanderpaul and Adrian Barath,

it's not not looking too good

but we'll see what happened

tomorrow but those two guys are

the worry for us right now.

It's a big blow for us, going

into the final Test match but

having said that, we also get

that opportunity, they will

actually make the best use of

it, it's not good news but the

game still have to go on. We'll

still ready for it and still up

for it. Want to have a good

start on the first day and then

we assess it from there and try

and take it from there Still

with cricket there was a

remarkable one-dayer between

Victoria and South Australia.

South Australia made 340 odd on

the back of a Mark Cosgrove

century. He was in devastating

form there at the MCG. He hit

six after six and at one stage

South Australia had the Vics

five for 60 odd down and out

and then Chris Rogers played a

remarkable innings as well. He

mad 140 to get the viks

somewhere near the ball park.

They made 2 90 in reso they

still lost by 50 odd runs

there. A good victory for South Australia but some big hitting.

There good to watch. A couple

of days ago we were talking

about the Sydney-to-Hobart,

Boxing Day is not far away and

yet was a bit of an entre for

people who gathered at Sydney

Harbour to watch the two

favourites, 'Wild Oats XI' and

'Alfa Romeo' rg, in the big

boat challenge, so it supposed

to be fun event but quite

competitive. They almost

crashed into each oh at one

stage. 'Alfa Romeo' was the

winner in the end but both

skippers at the end of that

said they would not do that

again there's no control over

the spectator boats so it's a

bit dangerous there. Almost as

dangerous as playing Test

cricket apparently with sore

fingers and hamstrings, just

mine or injuries enough to keep

you out of the Test. They have

been really more or less

back-to-back. It's going to be

great to watch today, to see

how those new players go. It's

always good to watch a good

debutant and maybe the force

changes for Australia and Peter

Siddle is a long-term prospect

but good to see Clint McKay get

a go and the most interesting player out there will be

Stephen Smith f he plays, if

Nathan Hauritz wakes up what

swollen finger do and can't

play, Stephen Smith, only

played a handful of games for

NSW. He's 20 years old but the

big thing is, he's a leg spinner and although he hasn't

taken a lot of wickets in his

first couple of games he's made

a first class century so he

might be the spin bowling all

rounder that they're really

hoping to unearth. It changes

the dynamic of the game because

then the windies are dealing

with a totally unknown quantity

and they've made their game

such as they are based on what

they know and now all of a

sudden they've got these

unknowns and that I think is

always the interesting dynamic,

the opposition doesn't know how

to deal with it. If the West

Indies are missing Shiv shv and

the young onner Adrian Barath

it will make it really tough on

them. They need Chris Gayle to

make another 150 odd. ABC News

Breakfast can be watched live

on the web from anywhere. If

you visit the website - disgll

Vanessa O'Hanlon joins us for

the weather and plenty of hot

weather and fire warnings

today? Mpls good morning. A

large portion of the south and

south-east are in for a hot day

with hot northerly winds. For

Victoria today a totally fire

ban for all distribution except

the south-east. This is what

you can and can't do in a total

fire ban sh

Let's go to cyclone Lawrence.

It's now a category 4. Very

destructive winds with gusts of

up to 230km/hment that's close

to the centre, a cyclone

warning is current for coastal

areas from Mitchell platto

Beagle Bay. 126mm of rain has

fallen and we've got at least

150mm around that region today.

As cloud remains over the

Kimberley near the cyclone,

cloud is in a trouf. It's

causing a few tomorrows

especialry over the south-east

of Queensland and another

trough is combining with cloud

over WA. Also causing showers

and storms. A high is directing

hot northerly winds across

South Australia, Tasmania,

Victoria and NSW, while a

trough in the west will bring

some cooler gusty change to the

south while it's a dry day in

the south. It's different story

up in the north as that cyclone continues to spread showers

across the tropics and cause

heavy squally rain in the

Kimberley, falls of at least

150mm for that region. For

Queensland today -

You're watching ABC News

Breakfaster ABC News Breakfast.

The top story this morning -

the PM Kevin Rudd has just

arrived in Copenhagen for the

UN climate summit. He joined

other world leaders who have

appeared amid a warping that

negotiations are progressing

too slowly. Delegates are

currently pouring over the

detail of a new draft text.

Observers say there are still

deep divisions between rich and

poor nations, but Climate

Change Minister Penny Wong says

she's still hoping for

progress. As I said, the first

act of the Rudd Labor

Government upon being elected

was to ratify the Kyoto

Protocol. Some of those

comments are simply not

supported by the facts and

again I say this - if people

have concerns about major

emitters and major economies

being part of a global deal,

you'd have to ask why? And that

was Penny Wong speaking a short

time ago in Copenhagen. As you've been hearing this

morning, we're now getting some

rather troubling and very clear

warning signal from those most

important and senior members at the Copenhagen climate conference and that is that

it's all taking too long, that

they're nowhere near agreement

and they're running out of

time. So if you were to have

your way, if your were able to

send a message directly to

those people who are going to

be sitting in the room and

making the decision, what would

that be this morning? You can

let us know. We'll read it out

on air and hopefully they're watching us.

In other news a car bomb has exploded in central Pakistan

killing at least 27 peel and

destroying several buildings.

The bomb went off in the town of Dera Ghazi Khan at a market

near the home of a politician.

Pakistan continues to battle

Islamist fighters across much

of the north-west including

tribal areas bordering

neighbouring Afghanistan.

Virgin Blue says it expects

significant disruptions for

passengers in Melbourne again

today after the airline's

cheekin system famed. There

were chaotic scenes at

Tullamarine yesterday with

almost 50 flights cancelled.

Virgin Blue put up hundreds of

passengers in hotels overnight.

Amnesty International has

released a damning assessment

of conditions on Christmas

Island. The human rights group

says there's severe

overcrowding in the island's

detention centre. The Federal

Government has nouned another

$50 million to pay for more

teachers police and health

workers and to upgrade basic

facility bus Amnesty says it's

not enough. US President Barack

Obama has ordered a number of

Guantanamo Bay terrorism

detainees to be transferred to

a prison no the US state of

Illinois. A state official

there says the Thomson

Correctional Centre will house

no more than 100 detainees from

Guantanamo Bay. President Obama

promised to close the facility

by January but he's had

difficulty finding prisons for

about 200 detainees. Israel has

reacted angrily to a British

court's decision to issue an

arrest warrant against the

former Israeli Foreign Minister

Tzipi Livni. The warrant leg

alleged war crimes during

Israel's campaign in Gaza this

year when Ms Livni was a member

of Israel's inner Cabinet. The

warrant was revoked when it was

found that Ms Livni was not

visiting the UK and Boeing's

Dreamliner was taken to the

skies for the first test light

this morning. The light weight

plane took off from Seattle for

a Test that two years overdue.

The Dreamliner is said to hold

the key to Boeing's future. Kit

carry 250 passengers and

promising to save airlines

millions of dollars in fuel and maintenance costs Authorities

in the Philippines have started

evacuating up to 50,000 people

who live near the country's

most active volcano which is

spewing intelligence amounts of

laugha. Experts say there's a

strong chance of a major

eruption of mayon volcano in

the next few days World famed

for its near perfect cone

shape, volume contain you mayon

looks peaceful by day but by

night it's a different story.

Volcanologists have raised the

eruption alert level to 3, just

one level below an imminent

explosion. Local residents have

begun fleeing. We're worried

about what will happen this

woman says. We're scared. If

we're asked to evacuate, we'll

leave. About 50,000 people live

within a 8 kilometre radius of

the volcano. In the central

Philippines province of Albay.

Evacuated residents are being

housed in school buildings and

public gyms while officials

settet up food and relief

centres. Volcanologists say a

full scale eruption could be

just days away. There have been

strong ash explosions and these

events are all connected although some pa ram officers

for an eruption are not yet

present. Ash explosions are one factor that can lead to higher

activity Mayon is the most

active of the 22 volcanos in in the Philippines. It's erupted

more than 50 times in the last

400 years. The most violent of

those killing more than 1,000

people almost a cent every

ago. China's vice President

hassed a an audience with Japan

emperor over controversial over

an apparent breach of imperial

protocol. He's on a three day

visit to Tokyo seeking stronger

ties with the world's second

largest economy. Beneath

smiles and hand shakes a

controversy was brewing in

Japan over the hastily arranged

royal visit. China's

vice-president and the man

widely expected to sced

President Hu Jintao was allowed

to meet the everyone perror

despite missing the usual month

in advance deadline for

requesting such an audience.

It's understood the Japanese

Government granted the access after pressure in heavyweights

in the ruling party and

persistence y Beijing. The

meeting sparked criticism from

politicians that the emperor

was being politically exploited.

TRANSLATION: EI'm very saddened

to hear criticisms from some

people when the Chinese vice

President is still here in

Tokyo. After the meeting, he

attended a Japan-China

friendship reception with 1,000

business and trade leader from both countries.

TRANSLATION: We will continue

to strengthen our ties across

diverse fielding enhance

political trust, maximise mutual benefit and improve

public sentiment. China would

like to drive forward this deep

relationship with Japan into

the future It's understood the

Japanese Government has

prioritised its relationship

with China because of the vice President's expected

promotion. Now in the United

Kingdom, the Opposition

Conservative Party has

described the Government as

inept over its handling of the

defence Budget. Gordon Brown's

Government has announced it

will be purchasing more than 20

new hypes but at the same time

jobs will be lost when it

closes bases to help pay for

the new hardware. The

Government is giving with one hand, taking with the other.

After long saying there are enough helicopters in

Afghanistan, now the British

Government has announced it's

buying 22 Chinooks. This is a

difficult balance to strike.

I'm confident that we've got

the balance right and that this

will be be demonstrated where

it matters most on the

frontline where our brave

servicemen and women supported

by MOD civilians are fighting

for the future of Afghanistan

and the security of our own

country. But to cover the cost

of the new helicopters, cuts

will be made elsewhere in the

defence budget. 2500 jobs will

be lost and RAF base is to be

closed and a squadron of

tornado fighters is facing an

early retirement. And some say

the helicopters will start

arriving just as British forces

are due out of Afghanistan in

four years. All evidence of a

Government that's lost control

of its finances according to

the Opposition. A Government that's had four defence

secretaries in four years, one

part-time, and no defence

review for 11 years is now

cutting the capability because

of their own catastrophic

economic management. The

changes come as some of the 500

extra troops promised by

Britain arrived in Afghanistan.

The extra helicopters will be

welcome in the field when they

eventually arrive but they

won't eliminate the casualties.

The 100th British soldier

killed in Afghanistan this year

was flown om to the traditional sombre ceremony through the

village of woot woot. It won't

be the last. In Iraq, four

people are dead after a series

of explosions in central

Baghdad. Three car bombs

detonated within minutes of

each other wounding another 15

people. The first struck

outside the Iranian Basaltico,

minutes later two more blasts.

The explosions happened during

peak morning traffic around the

heavily fort anied green zone.

The blasts so powerful nearby

cars were set alight. On the

ground, people scrambled in

fear, others shouting in anger

from their roof tops. As locals

count the dead, officials

believe the toll may rise. Let

the fishs get out of the green

zone. They're hiding themselves

in the fortified green zone

while the explosions are

happenening outside The plasts come a week after five

coordinated attacks in the city

killed almost 130 people and

injured close to 450 others and

residents continue to question

Iraq's fragile security. There

were two Ma sheeps to detect

explosives. How did the vehicle

manage to enterand explode. I

want you to reach my voice to

the Government. I'm feeding

orphans, I'm a mother of

orphans. The car bombings were

the fourth wave of coordinated

strikes in four months, to

target official buildings in

the Iraqi capital. As

al-Qa'ida's continue lethality

cons against a shaky political

backdrop Iraq may look to the

United States for continued

support. Already the commander

of US forces in Iraq is

considering asking Washington

to slow down the withdrawal of

US troops ahead of the

scheduling March

elections. Let's get a little

more on one of our top story ,

that Virgin Blue is saying it

expects significant disruption again for passengers in Melbourne today and that's

after the airline's check in

system failed yesterday. Erin Cassar joins us now from

Melbourne's Tullamarine airport

or from Melbourne airport I

should say. What's happening

there today Good morning

Virginia. Well, there's some

very tired, very cranky passengers here this morning

and that's because some of them

were forced to spend the night

here. There were chaotic scenes

here last night when Virgin

Blue's electronic checkin

system shut down due a cable

failure. It caused moor than 50

flights to be cancelled and

that affected 6300 passengers.

I've spoken to some of them

this morning, they've described

being busted bussed to nearby

hotels and arriving at those

hotels only for there to be no

rooms available so as I said

some have had to spend the

night here. Just to jump in

there, they've actually had to

spend the night lying on the

floor of the airport? That's

right. We spoke to a couple

from Perth who arrived in

Melbourne yesterday and we

found them just lying with a

pillow just to support their

neck, they said they'd had

about an hour's sleep. Here's

some of what they had to say

about what happened? Wee flew

in at is:30 yesterday amp and

we're still here. There was an

absolute shemozzle last night.

I think it was about 2 o'clock

that we actually got a bus to

supposedly our accommodation

that they were providing for

us, we got to the accommodation, they didn't even

know we were coming. There was

a about 70 us turned up there

and there was only room for

about 20. I think the staff are

just - kept coming up with

something different every half

an hour. It was frustrating.

They didn't know, they should

have just said that they didn't

know. Going inside and outside. Were you given

something to eat? $6

voucher. If you've ever had a

flight cancelled anywhere

around the world you know how

they feel this morning,

goodness you'd be miz ranl..

What's the airline saying now

about how far along they are in

fixing this problem? A

spokesperson from Virgin Blue I

spoke to this morning said the

cable was actually repaired by

10:30 last night but of course

the damage had already been

done. She asurs me that extra

staff were flown in from around

the country, but some passengers are struggling to

understand that this ort of

chaos can unfold, that there

isn't a better back-up system

in place I guess, but the

airline is hoping to have this

situation or this back log

worked through by this

afternoon. I gets that would be

a best case their Joe So just

quickly and finally then, are

there still flights cancelled

this morning, not all Virgin

Blue flights are unning as

scheduled? That's right. Not

all flights are running as

scheduled. We've seen on the

screens there are several day

lay signs flashing and it has

caused delays in other States

aez well. I might add that some people trying to fly back can't

get back directly. That couple

that I did speak to from Perth

have told me they now have to

fly home via Sydney, so

disruptions on going Erin

Cassar, thank you so much for

that update. Ouch. Yes. I

share their pain. And somebody

who I wouldn't want to be today

is an employee in Virgin Blue's PR department.

Because... They'll get their

head bitten off and also it's a

difficulty one to spin. We'll

be joining very shortly by Mike

Smith of course who is the

former editor of the 'Age' and

also a very sort of inner spin

doctor himself. We'll ask him

how do you dig yourself out of

this hole when you're Virgin Blue. You've watching ABC News Breakfast. The top stories this

morning - world leaders including the PM Kevin Rudd

have begun arrive ing at the

climate summit in Copenhagen.

The UN's climate chief has

warned negotiations are

progressing too slowly and

there's still an enormous

amount of work to be done 27

people have been killed in a

bomb attack in a market in

central Pakistan. Around 50

others were wounded in the

blast in Dera Ghazi Khan which

badly damaged a number of

buildings. As've just heard

Virgin Blue passengers flying

from Melbourne can expect

significant disruption ing

again after the airline's check

in system famed yesterday there

have been chaotic scenes with

almost 50 flights cancelled.

We'll take a look at today's

papers and we're joined now by

the former editor of the 'Age', Mike Smith. Mike. Good

morning. Good morning. Before

we get to the newspapers, we've

been reporting this morning

about the chaos out at

Melbourne Airport and I guess

elsewhere because of the

failure of Virgin Blue's

checkin system. You're a key

spin doctor and PR man. Give

some advice this morning to

Victoria px R department, what

do they do first? They got to

get Richard Branson out to the

airport as quickly possible

giving personal apologies and

handing out free air tickets a vouchers. I think that might

help. It's a disaster though

isn't it when something like this happens particularly

around Christmas? Terrible. Not

necessarily the fall of Virgin.

May be a computer system

provider K happy and it's

happened at the worst of times

a week or so before

Christmas. You've got to feel

sorry for the checkin staff.

Erin Cassar mentioned they were

giving different stories, they

are very much the meat in the

sandwich. And they cop it

to. All theing aer is taken out

on them. Let's turn to the

papers and of course Copenhagen

is preoccupying you today, why

wouldn't it It is except

Copenhagen has disappeared from

the front pages of Australian

newspapers today, not one

Australian paper has Copenhagen

on the front page which - I

guess you can understand it

with the tabloid papers,

Copenhagen, complexities are

difficult to capture in two

words a after afternoon

exclamation mark but it is a

bit surprising that it's dropped off the front sheets of

the broad sheets. You to go to

papers leek the New York times

to get front page coverage of

Copenhagen and that shows how

difficult a task the people

have to come up with something.

The story in Copenhagen is that

nothing is happening and that's

a big story. But not... That is

the real story there. Nothing

is happening. And time is

running out. That he's trouble.

This is either a brilliant

piece of political brink

manship where world leaders

will arrive and pull rab ypts

out of the at or in deep

trouble As you say it's not on

the front pages, do you think

that some of that climate

change sceptic, denier argument

that goes on Australia in that

seem to bewilder so many other

nations around the world that

that's actually done its job? I

think it's starting to have an

effect in some sections. I

think our serious papers are

still giving it huge coverage,

it's just I'm very surprised

it's off the front package.

After all this is perhaps nos

meeting of world leaders in 60

years. Inches of movement there

are significant, but they're not on the front pages this

morning. Go to the New York

type fts you want to a terrific

summary of where it is now You

mentioned the tabloids there.

We turn to more familiar grist

this morning The tabloids know

what sells paymenters and the

two biggest selling tabloids

are the 'Daily Telegraph' and

the 'Herald Sun'. List of

names. The names of all the top

scorers in HSC and VCE. # 1,000

names here in Victoria. That

sells papers. That's like an

extra 21,000 buyers. That's at

least all those people who are

in the paper and their friends

and family and everyone else

who is wanting to know how the

others did. It's a smart

move. Those two same papers

probably have the best

exclusive of the day, the

announcement made today to

relax anti-terror laws that had

banned people taking things

like knitting Nedles and nail

files and scissors and clippers

on to aircraft. That's being

relaxed along with some of the

clamps on alcohol and perfume

in customs checks. That's a

good yarn, a good scoop by the

same two painers. Do you know

how many pairs of nail scissors

I have left at airports around

the world. Can they send them

all back to me now? That will

have a very big impact. People

will remember that yarn. Peter

Costello has been writing a

regular column for Fairfax? I

think he writes well and I

think he writes quite

entertainingly, he's always got

a fresh insight. He's one of two columns that caught my eye this morning. That's in the 'Sydney Morning Herald' and the

'Age' He's writing about the

Greens' performance in his

by-election seat of Higgin and

how bad that performance was in

perspective when everything was going for them. And Peter

Costello says the Greens have

overstepped the mark. They've

got a moral superiority complex

and people are starting not to

buy it. They're going over the

top. He says that chose a bad

candidate, made a lot of

politic and tactical errors in

Higgins that shows they've

still got a lot to learn. No

Labor candidate, Copenhagen was

top of people's minds, and according to Peter Costello,

they put in the wrong

candidate. They put in someone

from Canberra. I think he's got

a point there. Clive Hamilton

is a very eresult diet, very

intelligent man but he was just

fodder for the Liberals

inevitable attack, that this

guy is a blow in from Canberra.

You went to any press

conference by the Liberal

candidate having covered the

by-election, either Kelly

o-Dwyer or the former Treasurer

and you could count on two

hands the number of times they

used the words blow in and

Canberra and that message rez natsed clearly with a lot of swinging vote thrers. I think

that works particularly

strongly in by-elections even

more so than in general

elections. People want a local

candidate Isn't the argument a

little bit cute of Peter Costello's because you are

still talking about a seat lick

Higgins which I know he and others have been at pains to

try and paint as marriagical

and I've never really soon a

great deal of evidence that it

is not when your a sitting member like Peter Costello

there. It seeps a bit

convenient. Were you persuade I

by his argument Far be it for

me to accuse Peter Costello of

being cute, yes, he is cute,

and it is an argument that

doesn't hold water all the way,

but it's well expressed, well

written and p he does write a

good column That also puts paid

to that suggestion that his

father in law is the man who

holds the pen given that he

didn't he co-write the memory

with him I think he did. He's

taught him some good writing

and editing skills. Peter

Colman a good writer himself

today. There's another column you're interested in too. This

is from the 'Age'. One of the best social commentators

around. I think she's funny.

She's written a column about

maybe too late for some people

about warnings what to avoid at

Christmas Christmas parties,

that's an old chestnut column,

you see it every Christmas, the

difference this time is this

one's funny. Have a read of it,

a couple of things to avoid,

include men with novelty ties

and women with antlers and if

you must sit on the photocopier

and take an image as dishonest

and ethical to use the reduce

button. Best advice, probably

avoid the Christmas party all

together. And we're finishing

on Tony Abbott today? To be,

yeah the 'Australian's main

story, they got hold of a

speech that Tony Abbott is

giving this morning I think, I

can'nt see anything new in

it But it's been described as

churchil Chan.. They strael

describe it as church Yilan, if

have an election, bring it

on. He says more like we will

fight them on the beaches in

our Speedos. That Tony Abbott

line. That's the line. A stirring call to Australian

national pride. Always good to see you Mike Smith. Thank you

so much. Thank you. You can

watch all of ABC News Breakfast

streamed live every

morning. The address is - Paul,

it's client Clint McKay's big

chance at the third Test in

Perth today Yes, the Perth Test

will start in a few hours and

Clint Clint takes the place of

injured paceman Peter Siddle.

The other interesting selection

will be made this morning,

Nathan Hauritz has fots a sore

finger so he may or may not be

replaced by Stephen Smith, the

young leg spinner from NSW.

There was a wumeder between Victoria and South Australia

and South Australia made 340,

Mark Cosgrove made a centre and

then Victoria chased down 290

of those runs so they weren't

about to make that the

difference but Chris Rogers

made 140 in a great innings

there and very quickly, trees

been a draw for the world

championships basketball next

year, next September, so

there's some dancing girls, a

big mascot and some balls being

drawn out of a little bowl

there and Australia is youp

grouped with some good nations

and some they should beat

pretty easely. We'll talk a bit

more about that little. Vanessa

O'Hanlon joins us with the

weather now and what's the

latest on cyclone

Lawrence? It's a category 4, it's tracking south-west near

the Kimberley coast. Winds of

up to 230km/h and a cyclone

warning is concern for coastal

areas from mechel plateau to

beagle Bay and a watch is

current for adjacent areas to the south. For Queensland today


Still ahead on ABC News

Breakfast - we'll be speaking

to the former US ambassador to

the United Nations, John

Bolton, a man never short of an

opinion, about his rather

strident criticism of Kevin

Rudd's action on climate

change. He's written a pretty

scathing article about what he

believes is Kevin Rudd's false

moralising on cleaning so we'll

hear his views. That should be

incendiary. That's coming up on

after this short break on ABC

News Breakfast. Do survey with us.

Word leaders are arriving at

the Copenhagen summit amid dire

warping that progress there is

far too slow. And 27 have been

killed a dozens injured in a

bomb attack at a Pakistan market.

There's travel chaos in

Melbourne as thousands of

passengers on Virgin Blue have

been left stranded as a result

of checkin system failures

there, so a lot of very

#234e6sh os people making their

Christmas travel plans on

Virgin Blue who may not get to

their destination today. And a

lot of uncomfortable people who

have spent the night at

Melbourne airport. Our top

story this morning - the UN

chief Ban Ki-Moon says world

leaders face a defining moment

in history as they balance

their nation's interests with a

global clammer to hold the

juggernaut of climate change.

The PM Kevin Rudd has just

arrived in Copenhagen for the

UN climate summit. He joins

other world leaders who have flown in for the final days ahead a warning from the UN climate chief that negotiations are profing far too slowly. - prove proceeding far too slowly. There are still deep division about what to do but speaking a short time ago in Copenhagen Penny Wong says she is still hoping for progress. As I said, the fi