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(generated from captions) Captioned Live. Good evening. This Program is

Captioned Live. Good evening. This Program is

I'm Scott Bevan. On tonight's Coast reaches a critical stage. program - the

opened fire on targets in capital to protect The incumbent, Laurent capital to protect civilians.

is still refusing to The incumbent, Laurent Gbagbo,

is still refusing to leave office, but his opponents 'The World'. Mr 'The World'. Mr Gbagbo is a

shame for Africa. dictator who is killing his own people just to Abidjan suggest that his grip on power is slipping. taken control Opposition troops claim they've

Gbagbo's residence. Also

tonight - an inquest into the its search for answers. The

stepmother of murdered Australian girl Zahra Baker faces court in the United

States. Operators crippled nuclear plant pump States. Operators of Japan's

radioactive water into radioactive water into the ocean. And a top honour for a four-legged Afghan

veteran. We begin tonight in

Ivory Coast, where UN and French helicopters have shot up

key positions held by the Gbagbo. Tonight reports from Abidjan, say the palace the commercial capital,

been taken, Abidjan, say the palace has

on been taken, but there's no word Stein. It's been Stein. It's been called necessary action to neutralise

the big guns of Laurent Gbagbo's forces. French troops

working hand in hand with working hand in hand with the UN to silence the UN to silence the heavy

weaponry of a President who's refused to leave office,

despite losing an election.

The UN maintains this is not about taking sides. We are shooting at heavy weapons, we are not presidency. We are are not shooting at the

presidency. We are shooting where the are. But the matter is that forces loyal would-be President Alassane Ouattara have A series of lightning offences

saw him seize the country successfully storm this key city. But his successfully storm the gates of

light arms have been no for Mr Gbagbo's tanks. He's dictator which we are killing his own people just to cling to power. Mr Gbagbo's forces have

decried the UN's use of force,

calling it an assassination

attempt. There's no doubt the UN's attack has assisted UN's attack has assisted his

rivals' ground assault on the

city. For the residents of Abidjan, knowing what was about

to happen meant taking a chance

to risk being shot to find food

before the offensive before the offensive began.

problem this morning. TRANSLATION: We have a food

Everywhere we go we can't find

anything to eat, because the war created situation. We don't want war

in Africa, particularly not in

Ivory Coast. While removing

Laurent Gbagbo from power may solve an immediate reconciling the country is solve an immediate problem,

going to take much longer.

We're just trying to get through to the Ivory Coast to speak to a representative of

the UNHCR. We're just having a little bit of difficulty getting through at the moment.

As soon as we make a connection, we shall speak connection, we shall speak with

him and find out him and find out the Colonel Gaddafi latest. Well, Libyan leader

he may be seeking a way out of

the crisis. A spokesman says

the Government is willing to negotiate negotiate reforms, but resignation. ruling out

of a willingness to end fighting, that's town of Brega. The target renewed advance by a now force. On better-organised rebel bravado, the new unit that just completed two weeks of military training. 70 men with nine rifles among them. nine rifles among them. Last

month he was a dent istry student. Now he's their RPG

their uncertainty, but others, specialist. Some still hide specialist. Some

like the camp commander, are

proud to display a and number. We have our GPSs, proud to display a formal rank

we

we have our maps, we have Google earth. Despite

shortcomings in targeting the

artillery they have is old. It

jams, and there's a good why these guns why these guns are in short supply. This was one of the country. A week after the rebels had taken control of a fire started a fire started in a warehouse. The extraordinary the rebels an arsenal of light and heavy artillery surely have given

fighting chance in this war.

Over 2,000 anti-aircraft guns

up in smoke. Whether sabotage or accident, it reflects the

In spite of the chaotic nature of rebellion.

difficulties, thousands still come forward to do their duty. Men who can hardly stand,

barely old enough to shave.

For them, the only priority is ridding their country Colonel Gaddafi, and to end they have no option but to Colonel Gaddafi, and to that

to the west the turmoil in Ivory Coast.

Jacques Franquin is the representative in Ivory Coast

for the United Nations Refugee

Agency, UNHCR. He joins us on

the phone now from Abidjan. Mr

Franquin, thanks for your time tonight. There have been

reports that the presidential

pal jas, where Mr Laurent

Gbagbo was believed to be, was

taken. Can you shed light on

that and what you've seen? The situation is very According to my information, seems According to my information, it still in the presidential seems that Laurent Gbagbo is

residence and forces residence and forces of

pro-Ouattara. So far the

situation is not clear yet and still a lot of fighting

surrounds. What have you seen

around the area where you are

in Abidjan? Where I am, and

thank God it's quite quiet, I thank God

would say, but it is true that since yesterday heavy fighting

has been started, helicopters

of the French army starting of the French army starting to

target and hit the artillery

forces of Gbagbo and also at

the same time the same time we've got an assault of assault of the city by the

fortses of Ouattara. I saw a

2,000 people with four by four vehicles

vehicles and heavy guns on it

to go towards the city centre. Your work refugees. How much is this

harder for the people there and

increasing the pressure on your

agency? No, you're right. have two main have two main duties, the first one is of one is of course to take care

of the refugee s here in Coyte difficult other. The majority of them of them are like earn here in Abidjan, for instance, 3,000 refugees. I would them came to our office, them came to our office, now we are offering a camp 300 people, up to 500, living in our compound trying to find security, which

is not very easy. You can imagine, of course. Mr Franquin - I'm sorry. Yes, go adding to the turmoil is the presence of mercenaries. Who are they fighting for and what effect are they having? You are right. There are right. There are a lot of accusations that accusations that like earns have been involved Of course it's conflict, working for Gbagbo.

Of course it's not the case for

refugees, majority are women

and children. You never know,

it is also a risk for it is also a risk for them. I

want to stress also that in the

mean time involved with

displacement of the population here and since

the conflict in Istanbul we have a huge, huge population

estimated at more than 1 million people to find million people to find safe haven somewhere else and the

UNHCR is involved a that UNHCR is involved a lot with

that and trying to help the population, especially -

In light of what you are seeing and seeing and hearing, how

confident are you that the

conflict and the turmoil are

close to an end? We hope that,

yes, the military action is almost finished and that we

will be about to reach our

population of refugees or displaced people and we would

be able to be

it is true that over the last

period of the conflict it is

true that we are at capacity,

we have been also stuck in our

office here. I have been in office here. I have been in my

office for the last five days

with no possibility to get out

anyone. We are living basically like prisoner s

basically like prisoner s here. I international staff. I hope for yourself and your

colleagues and for the people

of Ivory Coast it ends soon and

I thank you for speaking with

us tonight from Abidjan. us tonight from Abidjan. Thank you very much. Bye bye. That was Jacques Franquin from the

UNHCR speaking to us from there's been more bloodshed on latest trouble march by thousands of anti-government protesters. The crowds tried to storm a

government building, but

scattered when troops opened fire. 17 people were shot dead White House has relinquish power sooner rather than later. In New Zealand, the royal commission into the Pike River coalmine disaster is under way. The judge says the inquiry will inquiry will try to answer questions questions about what happened and why 29 men lost their last November. New Zealand correspondent Dominique

Schwartz reports from Greymouth

on New Zealand's south hearing began

everybody to stand and observe

one minute of silence. But four months after the no bodies retrieved, it's tough questions and answers that the families

deliver. Our job out what happened, why and what

good. The Commission was told New Zealand has lagged behind other countries in mine

to see a significant

in the safety and health standards required in mines in New Zealand,

especially in underground

coalmines. Nigel hampton coalmines. Nigel hampton QC pointed to Australian expertise, acknowledging that one of the Stewart Bell, Queensland's Mine Safety Commissioner. As for Pike River Coal, now Pike River Coal, now in receivership. While committed to assisting the royal commission, the that it does not simply have

the financial resources that would be required in order for

it to participate in the manner

that has been requested to do. There are Commission's timetable is Commission's timetable is too tight and that police and workplace be compromised. is expected to start evidence here in May, with public November. A final report November. A final report is due by the year. The stepmother of Australian schoolgirl Zahra

Baker has appeared in a North

Carolina court charged with her

murder. The 10-year-old's disappearance late last disappearance late last year attracted international

attention. Her dismembered

body was found scattered in bushland. North America

correspondent Jane Cowan was correspondent Jane Cowan was in

court for today's and slightly dishevelled, and slightly dishevelled, aLisa

Baker shuffled into court, her arms and feet shackled. She'd

been expected to enter a plea,

but none came. Lawyers

over whether she could get a

fair trial so close to where the unfathomable the unfathomable crime happened. They want to happened. They want to have

media here so they can parade

her in here. It was all too much for the 42-year-old, who collapsed into a chair. The hearing got a little lengthy, a little was overcome and needed to sit down for a moment. I'll speak

to her and see how she's doing

right now. As well right now. As well as the murder, Elisa Baker is ing a slew of other charges, including big my and obstruction

obstruction of justice including big my obstruction of justice for writing a bogus ransom note. writing a bogus ransom note. I

believe the people of the

county have the ability certainly to put aside all the media and media and all the hyperbole and all the information that's come out and give her a fair trial here, yes, matters for here, yes, I do. Complicating coroner's report has failed to specify the cause of specify the cause of death, saying only from undetermined homicidal

violence. The violence. The whole affair has left its mark left its mark on a small

community. There have been a lot

lot of people lost sleep and cried and prayed over this, but

it's not going to bring her

back. As for justice, the case returns to court in late

June. Still in the President Barack Obama launched his re-election

campaign stealing a march on potential Republican rivals.

But the timing was far from ideal, over budget cuts and his

administration breaking a long-held promise. North America correspondent Craig McMurtrie reports. Welcome to America's first billion dollar America win the future? Former Minnesota gf Minnesota gf nor Tim Pawlenty, like like every other Republican

hopeful, has yet to officially say he's running. It's going

to take a new Barack Obama isn't waiting, declaring his bid declaring his bid for re-election in 2012 with text

message, email s and this

online video. Here it is,

2012, the election. He doesn't even appear in it. but I respect him and to raise $1 billion for the coming campaign, topping coming campaign, topping his record-breaking record-breaking $750 million

total for 2008. But immediate political problems to over come - first, a broken

promise to try alleged 9/11 plotter Khalid Sheikh Mohammed

and other accused terrorists civilian courts. Congress slapped restrictions on transfer of Guantanamo detainees, tying detainees, tying the hands of the angry US Attorney-General unwarranted restriction s

undermine our counter-terrorism

efforts. And then there's a dangerous game of chicken over funding the US Government, a

possible shutdown is looming at

the end of the week, unless

Democrats and Republicans can

agree on a new plan to cut agree on a new plan to cut $33

billion out of the budget. The President meets both sides tomorrow. Time is of the essence. The sticking point -

whether Republican leaders can

persuade 87 of their new Tea Party movement, to Tea Party movement, to accept

it. They want much deeper

cuts. Officials in the

Fukushima region of Japan have

started an emergency program to measure radiation levels in

school playgrounds. 1,400 schools and nurseries will be

tested over fears of leaks at the earthquake-damaged

Fukushima nuclear plant. South

Korea, meanwhile, has expressed

concern to Japan about the

pumping of radioactive water

into the Pacific Ocean. The

Government says the release

needed to stabilise crippled needed to stabilise the

crippled plant. 11.3 million

litres of low radiation contaminated water has been

pumped into the Pacific pumped into the Pacific Ocean.

It's expected to take 48 hours removed from the Fukushima reactor for highly contaminated to feel the political heat. TRANSLATION: The measure was to prevent highly radioactive are dumping radioactive water

and we feel very sorry about

this. The chief cabinet secretary insists the radioactive water, which to 100 times the legal limit, will quickly disperse in the ocean ocean and will be closely

monitored. TRANSLATION: First

of all, we call on of all, we call on people to

make sure they do not overreact been hit hard by the effects of

the tsunami. This fish

agreed with the cabinet eating fish is too on the information from

television news I don't get the fish. But some consumers are

yet to be convinced.

TRANSLATION: The ocean is huge and there are no boundaries to indicate where is

safe and where is not, since

the situation is like this I

feel that we don't have to eat York's Empire State Building lit up in colours as a show of solidarity. solidarity. Japan's earthquake and countries assessing preparedness for disasters. Residents of Indonesian regions devastated by the tsunami devastated by the tsunami in 2004 are among questioning if they could cope. They live in one of the

world's most quake-prone areas and Sumatra say Sumatra say they're unprepared for TRANSLATION: I do not feel secure. I do not see an effort from the about possible disasters. On

December 26 2004 a tsunami of

up to 30 metres rolled across

archi province. More than 160,000 people died there,

another 60,000 killed as the

wave swept across south east

Asia and Africa. Now in the

wake of six years after their own,

residents question whether they could cope with another

catastrophe. TRANSLATION:

There were social gatherings about disasters

after the tsunami, but now we

never rather of it. In the wake of the 2004 disaster,

Indonesia's Government moved to improve its infrastructure. Warning systems were put in

place, shelters constructed and

at-risk areas mapped. But experts warn many areas, experts warn many areas,

including the capital, Jakarta, remain

remain at risk remain at risk and underprepared. When disaster or When disaster or tsunami strikes, people will run to

save themselves. The Government must build more

shelters and evacuation

buildings. We have plans to build those shelters, there's no response from the

Government. The United Nations

says governments in the most at-risk parts of Asia set aside 10% of development funds planning. Indonesia currently

spends around 1%. researchers

say they've released their comprehensive report card yet

on how carbon affecting some of Australia's

study shows Barrier Reef may soon struggle to rebuild, and in the Southern Ocean whole

stake. More from environment reporter Sarah Clarke. It took

a month-long expedition and two years assessing levels of carbon dioxide in the waters of the Great Barrier Reef, and scientists can now confirm atmospheric CO2, there's

downside for marine ecosystems. A lot of the waters A lot of the waters on the reef are in marginal growing conditions conditions for healthy coral reefs. That probably are becoming stressed. The greatest has been identified on the

southern end of the Great

Barrier Reef and in shore, and the concern is that when the corals corals become stressed under the more acidic conditions, they may struggle

not look anything like we at present, algae. Further south in algae. Further south in the cooler waters of cooler waters of the Southern Ocean, Tiny marine shelled-making organisms are actually getting

lighter in current pre-industrial shells are 30 to 35% heavier. That's because there is not enough iron available. It's the

species at the bottom of the food chain most

snails called pteropods. If they they go, so too does the food fish and birds. for whale, seals, commercial fish and birds. We're not talking about

items in the ocean. We're

talking about the cornerstone

of whole ecosystems. While the

most rapid response is being

witnessed in the Southern

Ocean, sign tiss say this could

be an indication of be an indication of what's in

so store for tropical waters

elsewhere. More wreckage has

been found from an Air France jet that crashed off Brazil in

2009. Robotic submarines found

the wreckage of the Airbus 330 on the Atlantic seabed. They located and bodies, but not the black

box flight recorders. Salvage

work could begin within a

month. All 228 people on board were killed in the

were killed in the crash. 32 people are dead after a United

Nations plane crashed in the

Congo. Reports say the jet was coming coming in to land in the capital, Kin tasa, when it hit

the ground heavily. It broke

in two and caught fire. The UN

flight was operated by a Georgean carrier. 20

officials were on board the flight and only one survived. Political leaders from Northern Ireland from Northern Ireland have pledged unity and vowed to

catch the killers of a police

officer who died in a car bomb Omagh on Saturday. The deputy

first minister, first minister, Martin McGuinness, said the murderers

were waging a useless against peace. So far no group has claimed responsibility. Another day in Northern Ireland, another Ireland, another security scare. A car ut side a police station

Belfast. There were fears

there could be a

70 miles away in Omagh, people were remembering the victim were remembering the victim of Saturday's Saturday's bomb attack, Constable Ronan Kerr. Constable Ronan Kerr. The young Catholic young Catholic policeman was killed outside his home. him well. They also remember

the Omagh bomb 13 years ago,

and had hoped the days violence were now over. We feel feel sad that the young people

in this area are having to live

through this again through this again and something for a lot particularly with 960 young buys in the police in the police in Omagh appealed

for more help from the

a terrorist, or terrorists, who

came into that area, invaded those people's peace and

planted a bomb and planted a bomb and murdered a 25-year-old 25-year-old man. It's a murder

that's brought the police and

They are involved in a war against peace. They war against peace. They are enemies of the peace. No enemies of the peace. No group

has admitted killing Constable Kerr, but

culprits were a hard-line new Republican Soldiers of Ireland. They have very small pockets of support, and one of them is within this part of north Belfast. part of north Belfast. Last summer they were involved three nights of rioting here. The violence showed just how dangerous dangerous the dissidents can be. be. But what isn't clear is

whether, by police officer, support here

will grow or fall. I think it's so small that within time. It's so small within time. It's so small now compared to what it used to

be. The calls for an end to the violence are getting louder violence are getting louder and louder. The dissidents don't seem to be listening. Mark Simpson

reporting there. Let's get the latest world weather now Graham Creed. Tropics will be tomorrow. Which are' looking at the monsoon trough heavy falls. A low Australian coast is no longer

likely to form into a cyclone.

It will continue to move in

south-west corner of WA. Highs keeping the south-east centres

clear, but it's also delivering

onshore winds along the coast,

which means plenty of showers.

We also have the high pressure

system and cooler change moving through New Zealand. That's triggering some significantly

cold air about the cold air about the southern

half of the south island.

That's where we'll see most of the showers, although there

could be one or two about parts of the anything in the way of

significant falls. We also

have instability with that

monsoon trough through the western parts of the Pacific islandses. We could see

islandses. We could see isolated heavier isolated heavier falls

developing there. That's not the story the story about South-East

Asia. The upper atmosphere

stabilised a little, still plenty of showers and

thunderstorms around, but at

this stage none of the models are forecasting significant

rainfall with these showers or

storms. In fact, there is a

bit of a disturbance in the

south China sea. we're likely to see the heaviest of the we're likely to see heaviest of the falls. It It will stay out to sea. It's mostly in around the Cambodia in around the Cambodia area

that we're expecting to see moderate falls, up to about 30mm, up to about 30mm, with showers and thunderstorms. Much of

inland China looking at some rain, particularly about rain, particularly about the south, but a south, but a high pressure system over Japan is system over Japan is the dominant keeping most of Korea and Japan clear, dry and sunny, temperatures only temperatures only slowly starting to warm up. We've still got cool air sitting through the region, through the region, but the coldest

Far North. Heading further south for south for India, widespread showers showers about the eastern fringe, heaviest around the north-east and in towards

showers from Sir a all

through to Iraq and Iran and

even into the northern parts even into the northern parts of Afghanistan. We could see

falls also up to around about 30mm about the border

Iran and Iraq. Over to Europe, conditions for the majority of

the region. There could be

showers about the southern

looking at fairly widespread

showers developing across the

UK, although the heaviest of particularly up around Scotland, where we have very cold air. Most other areas looking at a relatively dry forecast. and thunderstorms across Africa, through the Equatorial

belt and further south. belt and further south. About the central north of South Africa, that's where we're

through the democratic republic of Congo, fairly widespread moderate falls there. Even

along the moz am byg along the moz am byg border, particularly about the south, area also looking area also looking at isolated heavier falls. Up to the US, we've got a we've got a low-pressure system beginning to weaken as it moves out to the Far North-east. Fairly widespread showers patchy rain along most of the coastal fringe of the Also about the north-western

quarter of the US. Most of those

those States looking at those States looking at fairly widespread snowfalls, very cold air. That story will also continue in through much of western parts of Canada.

Further south, relatively clear conditions, still winds in the far south, not

cold as it has been. In around

Paraguay, we're expecting to

see some of the heavier of the

falls, stretching towards the

far south-west corner of

Brazil. Graham Creed there.

Still ahead on the program,

we'll look at the new

Government in Burma, just who

is pulling the strings? And Australia's top dog You're watching 'The World'

on ABC News 24. Our top stories - Ivory embattled Government has

condemned France and the UN for

launching helicopter raids on military camps. military camps. The choppers

fired on camps belonging to forces loyal to the incumbent

President, Laurent Gbagbo. Opposition forces in Abidjan now claim they've

of Mr Gbagbo's residence. A royal commission into New Zealand's Pike River mine

disaster has opened in a south

island court. The

the Commission would endeavour to determine what happened at the mine, why it what needs to change so it

doesn't happen again. And stepmother of Australian schoolgirl appeared in a north Carolina court charged court charged with her murder. The appeared in a north Carolina court charged court today the court today the US district attorney rejected court today the attorney rejected clamsz that the woman accused of murdering

Zahra Baker can't get a Coast has long been Coast has long been deeply divided along and economic lines. Not so long ago prosperous African state, thanks mostly to its thriving

COCA industry. Living standards

standards were far higher than those of country that was one so

successful come to this? Ivory Coast was prosperity in an prosperity in an otherwise

troubled region. All that seems a distant memory. For

decades after independence from France in 1960 Ivory Coast boomed. It had resources, coffee, tropical fruit, palm oil. It exported 40% of the economy pulled in millions of foreign workers and then, in

the early 90s, the economy not so welcome hard times split, a north-south divide opened. The mainly Muslim north is the heartland of Alassane Ouattara's support, and south, around Abidjan, south, around Abidjan, is where the Laurent Gbagbo, the south began to characterise foreign, as somehow not what it started off as, a way of exploiting and of exploiting and scapegoating minority in

saying that these people were foreigners, indeed raising questions of large swathes of people in the northern part of the country. The Civil war broke out in 2002.

France sent troops to separate

the two sides along a line. That entrenched the divide. Alassane Ouattara is recognised by the recognised by the outside world as the real winner of last November's election, but forces loyal to him are reported to have killed hundreds of

civilians. He had the moral

high ground. Now he carries the

the stain of all this.

Migrants used to flock to Ivory Coast.

Coast. Now it's become a

country from which people are

fleeing. Refugees are on the

move across the region. move across the region. I think we're really looking at a humanitarian

city of Abidjan itself there

may be as many as a million

people displaced by the

fighting. Access by humanitarian

humanitarian agency, such as UNHCR, at the moment, given the

security situation. The chaos

is deepening by the day. The

country that was once such a

success story is now destabilising and further

impoverishing west we heard earlya, the we heard earlya, the stepmother

of murdered Australian girl Zahra Baker has 10-year-old. In of Hickory in North shrine in the

near where her prosthetic leg correspondent Jane Cowan spoke to one local who'd come to to one local who'd come to pay his respects. What brings his respects. What brings you down here today? Well, what brings me down brings me down here, I always

stop and look to stop and look to see what people have blowed down, I try to pick up, put it back platform where it's supposed to

be. There's still a lot of

feeling in the community, isn't there? There sure is. There

have been a lot have lost sleep and cried and

prayed too over this, but not going to bring her back. But there's one thing about it,

God will be the judge for ones who have done it. What sense have you been able to make of this all?

what I get, what I've seen on

the news, and the news really

don't make good sense don't make good sense to me because they've done to Zahra. I can't say why they haven't done something before

the court case in bringing some

kind of justice? I have no

idea. I have no idea on I know what I would I was the one in the

courtroom. Talley Allen there, a North Carolina

speaking with North America correspondent Jane Cowan. Burma

is now nominally in the hands

of a civilian Government of a civilian Government after

decades of military rule.

Officially a new parliament

elected in a much criticised poll late last year now runs the country. Behind the same military figures

continue to pull the strings

and it appears the Junta

remains very much in control.

However, there are signs that a gradual reform process is under

way and that new leaders in

Burma may be starting to

emerge. In a moment we'll hear from Australia's former

ambassador to Burma, ambassador to Burma, Trevor

Wilson. First this report from Gavin Fang. It was no spontaneous flowering of as they'd promised, as they'd promised, Burma's

Junta unveiled a new civilian

Government and at least

officially ended decades of

military rule. But in the eyes

of many, the titles might have changed, but remain the same. The remain the same. The election process was widely flawed the new parliament is dominated by the military-backed USDP

party. It is just a sham election bringing out the sham

election result and the new Government, they just are the military sdwrnls who military sdwrnls who just change to civilian. Burma change to civilian. Burma is now able to go now able to go and say to the international international community we've held elections and this is the

who is elected by the people. That's not what has happened. In fact we're seeing

the same people who have been responsible for gross responsible for gross and systematic human remain in power and can try to call themselves a democratically elected USDP party holds seats. Another 166 are for

military officers. Other

parties and ethnic groups make

up the remaining rump. new President, elected new President, elected by

parliament, is this man, former major commander in chief of the army is general minute Aung Hlaing. including defence. Both men

are allies of Junta has stepped into the

USDP, he remains the most

powerful man in Burma. If we

look at the history, the

previous military dictator, he

also did the same process, so repeating itself. possible that ta they'll pull the strings military calls the given that, it seems unlikely

the intent of the changes is to

speed up the process of reform.

the new system is more about protecting especially Junta leader especially Junta leader from any challenges. Tan Shwei has ruled Burma like since taking ago. Under ago. Under the new constitution, no one leader will be able to have the same day-to-day control over country. There's no doubt that he has been trying to he has been trying to ensure that there is no single military leader who that's financial power or political power power, to political power or military power, to be a challenger

feng Shay. Nor does he want

himself or his family to be the

subject of any kind subject of any kind of prosecution from some subs quentsz regime for things quentsz regime for things that they may be done when they were done when they were in power. Four years ago, Burma's

military demonstrated its brutal stubbornness when it

crushed a popular uprising. Among Burmese, apparently no appetite now for

another attempt to throw off

the repressive regime. But as

the old guard retires, there is a sense that there could a sense that there could soon be room for some reform,

although the pace of change may

be glacial. A recent paper by

the international crisis group

said the structure was more structure was more predictable and less linked to

power holders are neither feared in the same feared in the same way, nor will they be able to feared in the will they be able to wield paper says. "They are more

likely to be given bad well as good and will be well as good and will be more in touch with the realities of the

the country which may lead more rational policy making".

We have to wait and see what

these are like, what people are

well at all. I think of them will not be of them will not be very different. trusted by the older leaderships. But I think there least a generation younger,

they are going to have some different ideas. The international crisis group and

others say the time is others say the time is now right to reach out to the burmese leadership and remove international sanctions, that's not the view of burmese opposition groups. We need the

pressure from the

community so sanctions is community so sanctions is one of the pressures put on the

people. And also National League for Democracy, support following our leader, Suu following our leader, Suu Kyi, and them, so we support the them, so we support the policy

of the sanctions, so long they are supporting them. In February, awning San Suu Kyi's statement rejecting sanctions hurt the sanctions hurt the burmese people. The NLD blamed the regime and its for the country's economic

problems. As long as Aung San Suu Kyi supports sanctions, it's unlikely the international community will community will remove them.

Gavin Fang reporting there. Trevor Wilson was Trevor Wilson was Australia's ambassador to Burma from 2000 to 2003. fellow in the department of political and social University. University. I spoke to him from Canberra a short time ago. Trevor Wilson, thanks for your time tonight. It's my pleasure. So Burma, has a pleasure. So Burma, or Myanmar, has a new Government, but what

has really changed in the

political life of the country

and for the burmese people themselves?

themselves? Well, we haven't

seen a lot of change yet. The

elections were only in November

last year.

assembly has all convened at

the end of January this year.

Now there's been a Now there's been a formal

handover of power from the military regime to the new elected Government. So elected Government. So what

we're seeing is a government

line-up that does not include a

whole bunch of generals, there

are a few generals

specified jobs, but some of the

members of the Government are familiar, because they and they were in the previous

regime. So a lot of regime. So a lot of old faces

as well as some new faces. But it's quite Government, not just in terms of the colour of the of the colour of the clothes,

but in terms of but in terms of the personalities too. personalities too. There are a few people who have been kept

on from the former regime, on from the former regime, but

a lot of new-comers as well. Where do well. Where do these newcomers come from? Do they have some

sort of direct or indirect links to the military, these so-called newcomers? Well, they're all retired

exception. So in you couldn't really say it's an entirely entirely civilian Government. I call it a civilianised Government. But I think what we have to watch is to see we have to watch is to see how this new Government There have already been There have already been some doing things is a little in very early days in very early days yet, but it bears parliament, for example, a lot

thought it was going to be very

much a stage-managed, formal speeches and very little interaction and very opportunity for

opportunity for non-Government members of the assemblies to even even have a say. This term that Burma's ruling council, Junta,

use that the elections and then the new constitution would help create "a genuine discipline flourishing democracy", now, does any water beyond what you're

saying is taking place in parliament, does it hold parliament, does it hold water leading towards think it's anywhere near democracy by other words are very relevant, though. It is a though. It is a multi-party

assembly. All the assemblies

have members from different time in 50 years that there's

been more than one party. It was

was a one-party state for a

long time. Well, one figure who Aung San Suu Kyi. What role, nonetheless, will nonetheless, will her presence indirectly in Burma and in that parliament? really know the answer to that question. party is no longer

political party. And political party. And she doesn't even call political party. doesn't even call it a party anymore. But she's been allowed to move around freely,

to speak to people, meet

people, . She's now got the internet, which she never had before. And she certainly is

extremely active meeting, you know, young representatives, women's groups, diplomats, journalists, even, and so she's

playing a role and she's playing a role and she's called for an early meeting with the

new Government. So she seems

to think that it's important that she try kind of communication channel with them. Now, whether

they'll be prepared to do that

is another matter. Trevor, how

do you believe do you believe the international community should

interact with and react to interact with and react to the burmese leadership, especially

in regard to maintaining or

lifting sanctions? I think

that it would be time to lift

some sanction s, and certainly the leaders of Burma want

sanctions to be lifted. There's

There's no doubt about that. They are looking for more economic assistance and opportunities for Burma to

catch up with each its catch up with each its ASEAN fellow members and some kind fellow members and some kind of

lifting of the prohibition on loans and funding that goes Burma could be to the new Government, particularly if know, grassroots development, for example. Trevor Wilson from the ANU, I thank you for your

time tonight. Thank you. Early results presidential run-off in Haiti suggest the Michel Martelly the winner, figures were announced this morning, but result won't be known until

next week. Mr Mart he

appears to be heading for a appears to be heading for a 70% majority over the rival Mirlande Manigat. If confirmed, the challenges in office. Unemployment is rife and cholera outbreak cholera outbreak still isn't under on the hunt for a new cricket

captain. That's captain. That's right, Scott. This news has just come through that Kumar Sangakkara has quit

as captain of the one-day and

twen twent sides. It comes just after Sri Lanka's loss just after Sri Lanka's loss to India in the fibral of the

World Cup, although the 33-year-old insists sdigts was in the best long-term interests

of the team so that leader can be found for the 2015 offered to continue as test captain, as selectors

for his successor. Cricket's

world governing body, the ICC,

has confirmed just ten teams

will contest the next World Cup

in Australia and New Zealand.

That's down from 14, and That's down from 14, and it means Ireland, Kenya, Canada

and the Netherlands will miss out in 2015. To other news now, James mag aniston has won the final of the 100 freestyle at the Australian swimming championships in

tonight. It was the fastest group ever at

group ever at the event. The former world record holder

Eamon Sullivan led at the term,

but Magnussen searched home to

swim the best time of the year.

10 metres to swim. James

Magnussen is the equal Magnussen is the equal younger

swimmer in the whole race and he's - The 19-year-old he's - The 19-year-old stopped

the clock at 48.299 seconds. James Roberts was second James Roberts was second and

the pair, who both turned 20 on Australia at the World Championships in Shanghai in

July. Olympic bronze medallist

Shippa has held off a late

challenge to claim the women's 200 butterfly and Grace Low has

won the first national title, claiming victory in

claiming victory in the

50metres back stroke final. To AFL now, will miss Saturday's game

against Richmond at the MCG.

The Hawks have chosen not to

challenge Rioli's penalty for striking Nathan Jones. The Tigers have accepted defend er McGuane's two-match ban high bump has taken a has taken a reprimand for striking.

striking. Treato are ammon six penalties, players who've accepted the

penalties, which means the tribunal is yet to sit season. Manly coach Des Hasler

Watmough's time Eagles. Watmough has Eagles. Watmough has had a number of off-field indiscretions.

indiscretions. In the latest

the backrower and team-mate

Terry Seuseu were arrested for urinating on a shop front in Manly. Manly. The duo have been suspended for

suspended for this weekend's Sharks. Manchester united striker Wayne Rooney is facing a two-match ban for into a television camera during the Reds English the Reds English Premiership League. association says it's

disappointed with Rooney's actions as unacceptable. Rooney will miss united's match against Fulham in the semifinal

against Fulham in the semifinal against

accepts the ban. accepts the ban. Rooney has until early tomorrow morning to decide decide whether he'll challenge or or not. I don't think we'll

follow Mr Rooney's example what to say into a TV camera. I hope not. No indeed. Thanks, claire. It's tale Thanks, claire. It's a classic

Sarbi an army dog trained to in action in Afghanistan. -

for more than war stories go, war stories go, it's a rollicking tale. Meet Sarbi,

who was highly trained to sniff out bombs in Afghanistan. She went missing in action after an

ambush and was lost for over

year. But it was a happy ending for Sarbi, who ending for Sarbi, who was found by an American soldier and reunited with her Australian handler, Sergeant Dee. Today she received the animal award, the Purple Cross. Congratulations. Sashi got

the award for unquestioning bravery courage, actually, in

supporting the troops detecting

explosives in Afghanistan. Sarbi is only the second animal

for bravery in battle. Simpson's donkey Murphy from Gallipoli received a post humanus award in

tough, you know. Sh he's a tough girl, and I tough girl, and I think that's really where we're pitching

that award to say well, thank you for that, Sarbi. Sarbi is currently serving at

currently serving at the Holsworthy army barracks in

Sydney with her handler, but

won't be returning to the front

line. She's probably due to

retire in the not too distant future. So she'll actually -

Sergeant Dee will take her home

and she'll become a bit of a home dog. For now she's happy

being a crowd favourite. smiles, everybody. There you go. She'll have plenty of

stories to share with her

date on all the stories we're

following, you can log on to

our website. The address is abc.net.au/news. with news headlines in

moment. I'm Scott Bevan. Thanks for your Closed Captions by CSI

This Program is Captioned

Live.

ABC News 24, I'm Scott Bevan. Assistant Treasurer Bill Shorten has rejected Kevin factional thugsters are ruling has told the ABC's '7:30' that

factions exist in every political

political party. Do with Kevin Rudd that the

Labor Party has functioned

pretty well for 120 plus pretty well for 120 plus years. I think that people I think that people can say their mind. I do believe that things better. Without retribution? I'm answering retribution? I'm answering your question, I this Labor

appeal more to young people, we

need to attract the party. I do believe that we always need to be