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(generated from captions) Prime Minister Prime Minister Gillard, ladies and gentlemen, thank you

for your kind welcome. I'm

delighted to join you all here

in Perth for a meeting that

promises to bring new vibrancy

to the Commonwealth. This to the Commonwealth. This city

is known for its optimism. is known for its optimism. This state is known for its opportunity opportunity and potential. And this country is known for its warmth, openness and generosity. We therefore together in a place that generosity. We therefore come

embraces so much of the Commonwealth's spirit and we are grateful to the people of Australia for their welcome. CHOGM was last in this at Coolum in 2002. It came when CHOGM was last in this country

the world was still reeling from a new chapter in global

terrorism. They were uncertain times at that summit. Almost a decade later, we find ourselves

confronting new and fresh challenges, insecurity and uncertainty in finance, food

supply, climate change and

trade and development. This

Commonwealth meeting is for its part the para.effect

opportunity to address these

issues and find responses to

today's crises and challenges. I should like to thank the

Commonwealth eminent persons group for their work and I look forward to hearing the outcome of discussion of their recommendations. And heads of government well in agreeing further reforms that respond boldly to the aspirations of today and that keep the Commonwealth fresh and fit for tomorrow. In these

deliberations, we should not

forget that this is an association not only of

governments, but also of peoples. That is what makes it

so relevant in this age

communication. The theme this

year is 'Women as agents of year is 'Women as agents

change'. It reminds us of the potential in our societies that

is yet to be fully unlocked.

And it encourages us to find

ways to allow girls and women

to play their full part. We to play their full part.

must continue to promote that

theme in a lasting way beyond

this year. I have had the good fortune, together with Prince

Philip, to attend many CHOGMs

over many years. Their importance has always been in

precise relationship to their

to the issues relevance. Always being' tuned

always looking to the with a sense of vision always looking to the future

practical action to match. In with a sense of vision and

your deliberations over days ahead, you have the your deliberations over the

encouragement of the whole Commonwealth to maintain this

vital tradition. The results of

this meeting may be global in impact or simply touch a single individual even imperceptibly.

But in every respect, I trust

that the results will positive and enduring. that the results will be

I conclude with an Aboriginal proverb which is itself

enduring. We are all visitors

to this time, this place. to this time, this place. We

are just passing through. Our

purpose here is to observe, to learn, to grow, to love. And

then we return home. Ladies and

gentlemen, it gives me great

pleasure to declare open this 21st meeting of the

Commonwealth Heads of Government. (Applause)

Thank you, your majesty.

SONG: # We are southern we are

a generation

# The future's in your aim

# There for us to claim

# There for us to change

# And we shout

# We shout with acclaimation

# That we're taking up the reins

# Nothing's getting in our way

# No, we ain't

# It starts with us

together we will not be moved # This is in our heads and

# It starts with # It starts with us # Here as one we stand # With a mission that we won't refuse

# It starts with

# It starts with us

# Build on the foundation # We must build

# That was laid before us

# And handed on to us

# Yeah # Handed on with trust

# And we'll go

# To a new dimension

# With power we believe # The legacy we leave # Will go down in history # Yes

# It starts with # It starts with us # This is

moved # And together we will not be

# It starts with us

# Here as one we stand

# With a mission that we won't refuse # It starts with # It starts # It starts with us

# It starts with us # Oh it starts with us

# Yes, it starts with us # It starts with us

# Yeah

# It starts with us

# We as one # Will rise to the call # United we stand

# And give it our all # And we as one will rise the call # United we stand # We're giving our all

# And we as one

# Will rise to the call

# We're giving our all

# And we as one

# Will rise to the call # It starts with us # This is in our hands

# And together we will not be # It starts with us moved

# Here as one # Here as one we stand

# With a mission that we won't

# It starts with us refuse

# Oh it starts with us

# It starts with us

# I know it starts with us # It starts with us

# United we stand

# We're giving our all

# And we as one # Will rise to the call

# And we as one # We're giving our all

# Will rise to the call # (Applause) Distinguished and gentlemen, please farewell Distinguished guests, ladies

Her Majesty the Queen, accompanied by Prime Minister Gillard, the Commonwealth

Secretary-General and all other

heads of governments as they depart for their meetings and

discussions over

days. We wish them well in their deliberations on our behalf.

You've been watching the Opening Ceremony to the Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting taking place

in Perth. World leaders including the British Prime

Minister David Cameron,

Pakistan Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani and the President

of Africa's most populous country attending. Jonathan are among those

attending. In total, there have been representatives from more than 50 countries. The Queen

officially opened the three day

meeting, which

Minister Julia Gillard is

chairing. The Queen urged

leaders of the member nations

to achieve positive and

enduring results from CHOGM. Items on the agenda include

recommendations from the eminent persons group, a nine-person panel. The leaders

will be taking a group photo before

before getting down to

business. We'll try to bring

Taking a look at ur top stories - Qantas Chief

Executive Alan Joyce has told unions

unions he won't be giving in unions he won't be giving in to

their demands. He's told the

company's AGM that the demand

are impossible. And the ongoing industrial dispute is

unsustainable. Shareholders are

set to vote a boost to Mr Joyce's pay during today's meeting. The Commonwealth Heads of Government getting under way in Perth. Commonwealth leaders will spend

the next few days discussing a range of issues, including proposals

proposals to reform the

organisationened and set up a that idea has already been

rejected by several

rejected by several countries.

The local share market has run

out of steam in out of steam in afternoon trade

despite the optimism over the

European deal to tackle European deal to tackle the debt crisis. The Australian

dollar is buying nearly $1.07 US cents. Floodwaters are moving closer to Thailand's capital Bangkok. The country facing its worst floods in half

a sen treat a sen treat and officials are warning inner Bangkok is now at risk. risk. Government offices,

schools as well as some businesses are shut and supermarkets are rationing essential items, including

bottled water. Global stock

markets have soared on the news

of a deal by Eurozone leaders to tackle Europe's debt crisis.

There are still reservations

about the details thrashed out in

in Brussels, but the immediate

reaction was one of relief. The

plan may lack detail but the

response to the news beamed

across Europe and beyond was

crystal career. Stock markets hungry

hungry for good news devoured a

strategy which promises so

much, and up they went, much, and up they went, the

London FTSE nearly 3%, the

German DAX 5.3%, the French

market, a huge 6.3%. market, a huge 6.3%. All led by bank stocks. But

bank stocks. But not everyone

is convinced this is the last

word on the big nothing they can deliver to us

overnight in a summit that

could make us say absolutely

these economies are on a sustainable path. And in Greece where the trouble started, there was little

celebration. And a fear there will be simply more of the same

pain to come. In order to pain to come. In order to pay for these deals, and it for these deals, and it seems

to me that the permafrost in which the Greek social economy has been embedded will continue

to get colder. But to get colder. But the Eurozone leaders remain hope. The market reality, that this is the

beginning of the end of the crisis. And even those outside

the Eurozone club are

cautiously optimistic this time they have got it right. We're

in a much better position in a much better position today than we were yesterday and it's

very important to keep up the

momentum of this work, to keep

people's Conservative denls.

Part of the plan involves the

banks lining up for their voluntary voluntary 50% Greek debt

haircuts. Most if not all the banks have hey greed 50% writedown on their Greek

debt holdings. That's one part of the of the announcement this morning that from morning that from our perspective and certainly from

the market's perspective was quite

quite clear. But there are still hundreds of billions of

extra euros required to make

this work. The Chinese may fill some of the the gaps but it's

still a work in progress and the detail may be devilishly difficult to control. Hundreds of people have

gathered in Sydney for the

Qantas annual general meeting

which is still under way. Some expressed disgust at a Qantas shareholders have expressed disgust at a push to

increase the remuneration

package of the package of the airline's Chief Executive Alan Joyce. Many people attending meeting have expressed concerns over the

airline's plans. Workers aren't getting proper salaries and wages and conditions. They're being strangled. They're being bulldozed. They're being knocked over. There's blood knocked over. There's blood on

the floor, on the streets. I'm on the workers' side. Always

have been. I'm 85. I'll never give up. The

move with the times. And source

overseas where necessary. Can't always employ Australian workers. I think all workers. I think all executive

payments in no matter whether it be Qantas or any other

organisation are excessive. In Qantas's particular case he Qantas's particular case he is

working for the shareholders.

Well he's not. If he's not

doing the job he shouldn't get

the pay rise. As a Qantas shareholder and here representing hundreds of other

shareholders 'causes I proxies for many hundreds of Qantas shareholders, I'm angry, they're angry about the current Qantas management, and Qantas management, and its plans for sending Australian

jobs, good Qantas jobs, good Qantas jobs

offshore. They're doing this to save a few dollars, but in the

long term, what does that mean

for Australia? The Greens are

warning the government against

any move to allow uranium

exports to India. exports to India. Despite our large uranium

large uranium deposits, Australia doesn't export uranium to government is yet to sign up to the United Nations nuclear

non-proliferation treaty. But the government's position the government's position could

be about to change with the

issue to be debated at the national Labor national Labor Party conference

in December. The Deputy Leader

of the Greens Christine Milne

says the move would undermine

the UN treaty. Clearly there

is a treaty here. The nuclear

non-proliferation treaty. And

Australia would be just joining the United States in trying to

exempt India from the existing framework and that is unacceptable. We need to be actually moving to actually moving to strengthen the non-proliferation treaty,

not see it undermined in this way. We can expand the renewable energy sector in

India, and not go down this India, and not go down this path. This is a very stressed

part of the world. We have Pakistan outside the nuclear non-proliferation treaty as

well. If Australia chooses to

fave India in this way, I think it will particularly the whole regional

context in terms of nuclear

weapons and nuclear power. A

fire at a power station near Wales coast could cost

taxpayers $15 million. The fire

broke out in the early hours of

this morning, 8,000 litres of

oil caught alight. No-one

inside the plant was injured. Authorities will work

throughout the day to make sure

no oil leaks into Lake

Macquarie or surrounding wetlands occur. Two generators at the plant could be out of

action for six weeks. But it's

unlikely to affect electricity supplies in New South Wales. Victoria's Police Minister and

Deputy Premier Peter Ryan is adamant he will stay adamant he will stay in the

job, despite a scandal that's

forced the resignation of two

of his closers advisers for

gross misconduct . A report by the State's police watchdog

found one plaintiff Ryan's hand

picked aides con fired to bring

down the Commissioner Simon Overland. It also implicated the junior Police Minister but Mr Ryan

says his hands are clean. The Office of Police Integrity reportly.ed the lid on months

of turmoil at the nexus between Victoria Police and the State

Government. Released yesterday,

it was heavily critical of

career policeman and failed

Liberal candidate turned

ministerial adviser Tristan ministerial adviser Tristan Weston and the now former

Parliamentary Secretary for

police Bill Tilly. It found then top cop Simon Overland

through a series of damaging leaks. I felt under leaks. I felt under siege. I

thought Simon was under siege.

We could not make head nor tail

of where these coming from. The minister

maintains his trusted aide Tristan Weston Tristan Weston betrayed him. This guy went him. This guy went about what

he did in a way that I think defied anybody to have been

able to pick him time as the phone taps

intercepted his

conversations. Under doesn't

think he has a case to answer. You point me to something in the report which

says that. But the report does note the OPI looks the power to

investigate MPs. Mr Ryan yet to

say who will replace Mr Tilly as the state's junior Police Minister.

Minister. Sh

An exodus is under way in Bangkok

Bangkok as floodwaters lay siege to the city. The death

toll has reached 360 toll has reached 360 from Thailand's worst floods in

decades which are now swamping large parts of large parts of the capital.

Street by street, the water is

winning the batle for control

of Bangkok's northern suburbs. Advancing every day, Advancing every day, torrents of it. A middle class

neighbourhood is rapidly being submerged. This woman has just watched her under the deluge. Inside, under the deluge. Inside, it's

up to my chest. The water is coming coming higher all the time? Yes. Most take with them only what they can carry.

Valuable possessions and treasured pets. There's no

panic here, but a very panic here, but a very definite

sense of urgency tinged with

disbelief. The government had originally said Bangkok would

be protected. There are no such assurances any more. We're trying our best trying our best an emotional

Prime Minister tells reporters.

Just two months into the job,

she is struggling to manage a

national crisis. In the national crisis. In the centre

of the city things much as

normal apart from the

defences, and new warnings from foreign governments, avoid Bangkok if you can. We're going

to take you back to Perth now as the

after the opening of the Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting. We're

getting a live shot as you can

see as the Queen gets into her

vehicle. She has done her bit

for the day at least. She's opened the official proceedings

of the 2011 CHOGM meeting. Her

blanket going across her lap blanket going across her lap as she and the prince prepare to

depart. Champion jockey Craig Williams has failed in his case

to be allowed to ride in Tuesday's Melbourne Cup. Williams was suspended for 10 race meetings

race meetings after being charged with careless riding in Bendigo

Bendigo this week. Williams had hoped to become the hoped to become the first

jockey to win the Caulfield Cup, Cox Plate and Melbourne

Cup in the same year. I'm

disappointed with the result.

We'll discuss, go up to We'll discuss, go up to my lawyers and they'll decide on our next course of action if

there is one. I have to focus now really good lawyers and seeing if we

if we have any other options.

It is my dream to ride Dunedin in the Melbourne in the Melbourne Cup. A

there. Two semifinal spots have disappointed Craig Williams

been decided at the women's end of season tennis Championships in Turkey. Overnight, world No. 1 Caroline Wozniacki 1 Caroline Wozniacki was upset

by Petra Kvikova. She lost 17

her way to closing out the match 7-5 in the third. It's

always tough to play her. You have to play really, really

well. And be hardered and faster and go for the winners. Victoria Azarenka is Victoria Azarenka is the other to have qualified after beating

Li Na. Li Na will play Sam

Stosur next with Stosur needing

a win to keep her hopes alive

in the tournament. And funeral for Moto GP rider in the tournament. And the

Simoncelli has been held funeral for Moto GP rider Marco

overnight. The 24-year-old died

last weekend after crashing last weekend after crashing at

the Malaysian Grand Prix. To

golf. Australian Robert Allenby has fired a flawless 63 to take

a one stroke lead after a one stroke lead after the

first round of the $6 million Asia pacific classic in

Malaysia today. The 40-year-old sank eight birdies in stroke. The Swede Frederick Jacobsen notched Jacobsen notched up four

birdies and an eagle on the birdies and an eagle on the par

4 15th to be outright with 65. Australian long board

surfer Chelsea Williams has won

the girls' pro China event. The Aussie edged out title holder

American Lindsay Steinrider in

the quarterfinals. Three breezed through the breezed through the semifinal

before notching up some big

scores in the final event scores in the final to take event honours. Overseas - and

the Somali militant group Al Shebaab linked to the kidnaps

of tourists and aid workers has

vowed further attacks on Kenya.

Today, four people were killed in the third grenade attack

this week. Kenya has sent

hundreds of troops into Somalia

to attack Al Shebaab, which is linked to al-Qaeda. There's a

queasy sense of dread on the streets of Nairobi, a city braced for trouble. Already

this week two grenade attacks

and today a rocket northern Kenya. The authorities

here struggling to reassure here struggling to reassure the public and foreign tourists. We

have enough men, we have enough capacity, you know, to protect Kenyans. Its army has just

stormed across the border into

Somalia. It's chasing Al

Shebaab a group linked

al-Qaeda and blamed for a Shebaab a group linked to

string of kidnappings inside Kenya. But no-one seems sure how Their offensive could also make

Somalia's famine even worse. As for Al Shebaab - they've lost some territory recently, but

today, they vowed to retaliate

inside Kenya and they are still capable of devastating terrorist attacks and ambushes.

The danger is that you're The danger is that you're being

lured into a trap. No, I don't

think so. If we were in a trap,

something negative would have

happened to our forces but as very positive. Moving

positively. And capturing those

hide-outs. In Kenya, too, the

authorities are claiming

progress. An arms cache allegedly linked to allegedly linked to Somali militants discovered here. But as

as the security clampdown continues continues there's growing

concern about the impact of all

this on the region's biggest

economy. For years, Kenya has

managed to keep the anarchy Somalia more or less at arm's

length, but that has just

changed abruptly. By invading its neighbour, Kenya has a very big, very its neighbour, Kenya has taken

a very big, very risky gamble. In Nairobi, the doubts are already fighting is hard to defeat, you already surfacing. Guerilla fighting

know. Yeah. Kenya made mistake? Yeah. I think so. But know. Yeah. Kenya made a

for now, pushing for now, Kenya's army is chaos of Somalia. With no strategy in sight. chaos of Somalia. With no exit

Time now for what's making news in the arts and


Hello. The trial into the death of death of pop star Michael

Jackson has heard the singer

became addicted to a powerful

painkiller shortly before his demise. Jackson's personal

doctor Conrad Murray has been charged with manslaughter over the prosecution says Dr Murray

administered a high dose of

another drug to the singer

which led to his death. But defence lawyers have defence lawyers have been arguing

arguing Jackson gave himself

the fatal dose. The games are

Great Britain's Royal Mint has still some months away but

begun making the 4,700 medals that will be awarded during the

2012 London Olympics and Paralympics. It's a painstaking process with each medal taking 10 hours to complete. Weighing around 415 g and spanning 85 mm in diameter these are the biggest and heaviest Summer Games medals ever produced. And

with scorching heat to try to a Dutch artist is combining ice

create a glacier in the desert.

cover The leaf shaped design will be

cover with solar cells while condensers underneath will soak condensers underneath

up humidity from the the desert

air. The artist says it's meant as a statement calling for action in the face of rapid global warming. He says piece that show global warming. He says the

piece that show that even things that seem impossible can latest in the arts and

entertainment. The satellite shows bright cloud stretching from the west

to Victoria hey long a trough.

Low cloud stretching from Low cloud stretching from northern New South Wales into

Queensland and mostly clear

skies elsewhere. A front skies elsewhere. A front and

trough should combine to cause

showers and storms across the south-east, heaviest in central

New South Wales. A low and

trough should cause storms

across the west, the Northern we bring you the top stories Do stay with ABC News 24 as

throughout the afternoon. One

Plus One is next. I'm Jane Hutcheon. Have a great afternoon. This Program is Captioned Live On this edition of One Plus One - how to win a Nobel Prize for physics. now sings for his supper. The accountant who an unexpected war zone. And lessons from # Theme music Welcome to the program. Hello, I'm Jane Hutcheon. Born and raised in the United States, in the 1990s Brian Schmidt moved to Australia to pursue a career in astronomy. Within four years, he led a team to a surprising discovery that turned science on its head - that the universe is growing faster than we thought. to receive this year's a world-renowned astronomer, As well as being he's also developing his skills wine-making. with Darren Osbourne. Brian Schmidt is speaking Hello, thanks for having me. for which you won the Nobel Prize. when I came to Australia, Well, back in 1994, I wanted to do a big project, and that project was to measure the ultimate fate of the universe. So, in 1929, Edwin Hubble went and measured how far away galaxies were, and coupled that with the fact that all these galaxies were moving away from us to realise that the universe was expanding, because he found the further the faster it was moving away. on a balloon and blow it up and if you look at that, all the dots move away from each other, and the further the two dots are away, as you blow it up. One of the great things we can do in astronomy not in the nearby universe but by looking at objects of years into the past, we've been able to see the trajectory of the universe and see how fast it was expanding five billion years in the past and realised that the universe should be slowing down due to gravity. So that was the experiment we were gonna do. And so, I wanted to know was the universe slowing down fast enough so it would eventually reach a maximum size and then start to collapse some time in the future. What we found in 1998 was something completely different. We found that the universe wasn't slowing down at all. It was speeding up. You were quite surprised by that finding at the time, weren't you? Yeah, I initially thought we'd just made a mistake, quite frankly. We had gone through and checked our measurements and made sure that we hadn't done anything foolish. But after a couple of months you just realised that the result wasn't going to go away. I expected them to be scathingly critical - I would say there was some scepticism - but by and large, it's stood the test of time. How much did it turn astronomy on its head? Well, we discovered effectively that in order to make the universe be pushed apart, the only way we could explain that is if 75%, or 73% as we know now, of the universe So discovering 73% of the universe we didn't know existed before