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ABC News (Sydney) -

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Tonight - Australia says

sorry to the forgotten

generation. This is a thing you

can't forget, and a thing you

put behind you. First the

purge, now the promotions , homes threatened as Sydney

swelters, and meet the

102-year-old brush man of the

bush.

Good evening, Juanita

Phillips with ABC News. They

were beaten, neglected and

tormented by those who were

supposed to be caring for them.

Today, the forgotten Australians finally received

recognition of their suffering.

The nation's leaders officially

apologised to the half a

million children who grew up in

homes, orphanages and foster

care last century. They came

to remember lives wounded by neglect and abuse, wounds

finally acknowledged by the

nation with an apology. Sorry

for the physical suffering, the

emotional starvation and the

cold absence of love, of

tenderness, of care. The

nation's leaders embraced those

whose childhoods were often

empty of affection and cried

for the heart rending tales of

those who had once been

silenced. I used to yell "Give

me my brother" constantly and

they belted me with a

switch. Half a million children

grew up in care last century,

up to another 10,000 were sent

from Britain to Australia as

child migrants. They became

and the forgotten known as the lost innocents ,

Australians. Today, and from

this day forward, it is my hope

that you will be called the

remembered Australians. For

those who have made it their

live's work to gain

recognition, it was a

relief. It was a wonderful

celebration and

acknowledgement. I can move

on, but nothing's ever

closed. We'll get over it.

It'll be hard, but we'll do

it. It was made all the more

special for cousins Rosemary

and Josephine, who found each

other for the first time. To

me, this means a huge amount,

not just to find Rosy, but to

actually get here and have

people listen and believe

us. It was also a day to

celebrate surviving against the

odds. This day of apology

marks the end of a long battle

for recognition for the forgotten Australians and

former child migrants. But for

some, it also marks the

beginning of the next battle.

Amidst the emotions and

memories, there are calls for

financial reparation, and

that's something the Federal

Government has already ruled

out. I hope that over time we

successors to consider this can persuade Kevin Rudd and his

issue. A childhood of loss and

betrayal, so much to make up

for. Almost every one of the

forgotten Australians has a

horror story to tell. Adrian

Raschella spoke to one who says

today's apology will help to

heal the deep wounds of the

past. Like so many, Rayeleene

O'Hehir has waited a lifetime

to hear an apology for being

put through so much. We are

sorry. I don't think I have

ever felt such a relief, of

everybody out there knowing

exactly what happened. And what

happened to her as a child has

haunted her. At 9, she and two

of her sisters were taken from

their mother and forced into an orphanage in south-west Sydney.

It was run by Catholic nuns who

made their lives hell. 'Cause

it's a thing you can't forget

and a thing you put behind

her. Rayeleene O'Hehir says she

endured six years of hard work,

strict rules and humiliating punishments. You weren't

allowed to talk at certain

times, weren't allowed to laugh

at certain times. We just said

"Bugger" or something I and we had our mouth washed out with

shop and sent down the

back. Physical abuse was

commonplace. We used to get the

cuts of the cane and the

strapping. That was really

strong. And, there was the

sexual abuse. One night I just

yelled at the nun "Get away

from me". And the nation would

offer you the public apology

that you deserve. My message

to you today is that day has

finally come. Half a century

on, Rayeleene O'Hehir says

finally she can find some

peace. I now, with my sisters

and my family, will be so solid

with each other, 'cause we know

we are human and that should

have not happened. British

Prime Minister Gordon Brown is

also preparing to apologise to

those who were sent to

Australia and Canada under the

Child Migrants Scheme. Most of

the children were already in

care. They were told they were

going to a better life in other

countries. Some were told they

were orphans when they weren't.

In many cases, their parents

weren't even informed that

their children had been shipped

to the other side of the world.

Sandra Anker was 6 when she was

told that she was going on a

great adventure to Australia.

Now she wants compensation and

an apology. We want an apology

and we want compensation so we

can get back with our loved

ones and at least visit them

and have a sense of belonging,

a sense of belonging, and that

we're loved, that we're loved

by somebody. The British

apology is due early next year.

Federal Parliament's solemn

bipartisanship didn't last

long, though. It's launched into its final signature fortnight for the year, taking

it one step closer towards a

potential double-dissolution

election. The Government's

Emissions Trading Scheme is now

on its way to the Senate after

it was passed in the House of

Representatives this evening.

That puts more pressure on

Malcolm Turnbull to decide his

party's position. Here's

political correspondent, Greg

Jennett. The Christmas

pantomimes are in full

swing. No, no, I've examined

the detailed program

specificity of the issue. The real Prime Minister dashed back

from Singapore, resolute that

Parliament stick to his script

on climate change. The clock is

ticking for the planet, for

Australia and it's also ticking

for this Parliament. APEC

shrinking ambitions for a

global deal are a portent for

Copenhagen and a gift for the screptics. To think we have to

go to Copenhagen with

legislation because it shows

we're serious s crazy. It's

halfway there. The

Government's bill has passed

the House of

Representatives. The result of

the division is ayes 79, nos

56. Now it's up to the Senate,

backroom negotiations and

ultimately Malcolm Turnbull

asking his partyroom to make a

decision. Whether that outcome

is one which we support or not

remains to be seen, and really,

anything else is just

speculation. The Opposition

Leader's public preoccupation

is on another deal, the one the

Government struck and still

offers to asylum seekers on the

'Oceanic Viking', unparalleled

he says, in its generosity. He

drew denials when he asked the

Prime Minister and he knew or

approved of the offer before it

was made. The answer to the

question is no, and no. Only to

draw further explanation that

his staff had been involved

through a Government committee. There are ministerial staff represented on the committee,

including my own staff. There is no question that he has

misled the House, there is no

question about that. Once

bitten, twice emboldened. US

President Barack Obama is in

China on his first visit to the

emerging superpower, and in

another first he's held a Town

Hall-style meeting with Chinese

students. It included

questions from the audience and

via the Internet. There was no

mention of the thorny issue of

Tibet, but he did talk about

freedom and human rights.

These freedoms of expression

and worship, of access to

information and political

participation, we believe are

universal rights. They should

be available to all people,

including ethnic and religious

minorities. Whether they are

in the United States, China or

any nation. Tomorrow, the US

President meets with his

Chinese counterpart, Hu Jintao,

in Beijing. There was an early

bushfire emergency for Sydney

today. Homes in the city's

south-west were threatened by

flames and authorities say it's

just a taste of what's to come.

Already, the State's west is

sweltering in a record heat

wave and today, temperatures in

the city soared into the 30s.

Residents were advised to

prepare for the worst with

flames coming within several

hundred metres of homes. We

have had a fast-moving

grassfire. Up to 50 properties

were under threat with homeowners told it was too late

to leave. We have had

temperatures in the high 30s,

thankfully we haven't seen

those strong winds that were predicted. Tonight the

situation is under control, but authorities are concerned it could be a sign of things to

come. Given the high

temperatures, low humidity and

strong winds starting to pick

up, obviously it leaves the

State in a dry state and ready

to burn. Firefighters are

taking no chances, banning the

lighting of all parts of the State today and tomorrow.

Western parts have been

sweltering for a record seventh

straight day, with temperatures soaring to over 42

degrees. We're expecting the temperatures to be even hotter

over the next few days in

Broken Hill and it's possible

they could break their all-time

November record. But the high

temperatures aren't bad news

for everyone. We just finished

and HSC and we're chilling at

the beach, kicking the ball.

The heat wave is good. For

you? Yeah, definitely. It

couldn't be a more perfect day

at the Coast. Great

temperatures and good surf.

But for the rest of NSW, the sweltering is set to continue

at least until the end of this

week. Nathan Rees has unveiled

yet another Cabinet line-up

after the shock dumping of two

ministers. He's carved up the portfolios once held by Ian

McDonald and Joe Tripodi and

shared them among his new-look

ministry. Allies of the axed ministers insist there will be

no payback, but the Premier

admits it's been risky

business. In the heat haze of

south-western Sydney, the

Premier reflected on his bold

move at Saturday's Labor conference. It was the single

biggest day of my life, in

professional terms. He admits

booting right-wing powerbroker

Joe Tripodi was a risk. I

accept that, but it's part of

a) fresh approach. Mr Tripodi

was surrounded by his

supporters at Parliament House

yesterday, but one of them, Planning Minister Kristina

Kennealy says there'll be no

payback for the Premier. That's

a ridiculous claim, there is no

plan for that at all. You can

say hand on heart there'll be

peace in caucus after

this? Yes, of course. But Ian McDonald wasn't going quietly,

lashing out on radio this

morning. The plain fact of the

matter, of course, was that

it's probably to do with

something about trying to force

me out of the Parliament. The

Premier was more interested in getting down to business on the

new rail link. It marks a beginning, a fresh approach.

It is beyond belief to try and

ask the NSW public for a fresh

start after 14 years when nothing's changed. Schools haven't changed, hospitals

haven't changed, congested

roads haven't changed, nor has

our public transport. In the

new Cabinet Paul McLeay gets

ports and waterways while Peter

Primrose overseeing Mineral Resources and Regulatory Reform.

Many have allegiances to the

dumped Joe Tripodi. Is there a

risk in all of this? Of course,

but they're good at their

job. The Cabinet will be sworn

in tomorrow. Four men killed

in a head-on crash nearas are

suspected of having links to

drugs. Police found a large

amount of cash and white powder

in their car. The men died instantly when their car

crashed to the wrong side of

the Hume Highway and hit a

semitrailer. Jennifer Browning

reports. Another senseless

loss of life. The four victims

were in their early 20s and

died instantly when their car

crashed head-on into the truck.

Police are yet to identify the victims but say they've found

cash and a white powder which

they suspect to be drugs in the

boot of the car. I'm told that

it's a significant amount of

cash and we're trying to work

through the quantity, bearing

in mind you've got to search a vehicle that's almost

destroyed. The 50-year-old

truck driver has been released

from hospital and is assisting

police with investigations.

Six people died on the State's

roads this past weekend. The

death toll now stands at 412, 93 more than this time last

year. It's a shocker. Speed,

alcohol and fatigue are the

three biggest killers on our

roads. Slow down. If you're

having a drink, don't drive and

for God sake, take a break.

We're coming up to Christmas.

That's a time when people

should be able to enjoy a break

at the end of the year with

those they love. Some people

won't be sitting at the dinner

table this Christmas, because

they won't be here. Little

consolation for the grieving

families, but a timely warning

for those taking to the

nation's highways these

holidays. People get new tyres

on their cars all the time, but

how many spare a thought for

what happens to the old ones?

Used tyres are a huge waste

problem for Australia. There

are millions of them clogging

up landfill. As the Federal

Government looks for a

solution, one company's come up

with its own - turning old

tyres into money. Here's Environment Reporter, Sarah

Clarke. Every day, truckloads

of tyres from around the

country are dumped at this

factory. There, they're carved

up and shredded and what was

once waste is given a new lease

on life. The steel, we resell

to people that reprocess

second-hand steel. The nylon,

we have a world-first here in a

machine which can ball the

nylon up to a reusable little

ball of plastic. This plant

has no waste. But it's the

rubber that gets the most use.

Over the last eight years the

company reclaim has processed

around 14,000 tonnes, or the equivalent of around two million car tyres. The rubber

is shredded, then processed

into a variety of uses, including children's

playgrounds, soft flooring, and

added to bitumen to soften the

road. The road lasts longer

because it's more able to take

stress. It also means you get

less water washing up off the

road because of the action of

the rubber which reduce s that spray and it reduces the sound

quite a lot. But reclaim is the

only company in Australia to

recycle the whole tyre. Last

year, around 53 million tyres

ended up in landfill and around

13% were recycled, but the

biggest problem is around 75%

of Australia's used tyres still

end up overseas. We are

exporting toxic materials and

the types of working conditions

where these tyres are treated

is absolutely appalling for

human health and the

environment. With that in mind,

the Federal Government has now

agreed to set up a national

recycling scheme for used

tyres. Tonight's top story -

half a million forgotten

Australians have been formally

recognised with an apology from

the nation's leaders. Still to

come - 102 years young, an

affectionate portrait of

Australia's oldest painter. A

marathon operation to separate

conjoined twins is under way

tonight at Melbourne's Royal

Children's Hospital. The

Bangladeshi 3-year-old girls Trishna and Krishna are joined

at the head. A team of plastic

surgeons made the initial

incisions at 8:30 this morning

and the first reports were

positive. So at the moment,

everything's going to plan.

There's been no problems

whatsoever, and we're all

particularly

pleased. Neurosurgeons then

began the riskiest part of the

operation, cutting through the

skull and some shared brain

tissue. The hospital says

there's a 25% chance the twins

won't survive and a 50% chance they'll suffer some brain

injury, but surgeons are

optimistic. They're banking on

the 25% chance that the girls

will come through in good

condition. Seeing your GP is not normally considered a

health hazard, but a new

study's found that it can be if patients don't understand what

they're being told. It seems

many people have trouble

understanding even basic advice

from their doctor and that can

have serious health implications. Here's medical

reporter, Sophie Scott.

Whether patients can understand

the advice doctors are given

them is known as health

literacy and in Australia, the

levels are low. A pretty

alarming level. Maybe 40, 45%

of the entire adult population

probably at risk of not understanding health

messages. A study of almost

3,000 Australians found 24% of

those surveyed were at risk of

not understanding basic health

information.

Patients with low health

literacy levels are less likely

to ask doctors questions and

that has implications for

medical care. For people who

got things like chronic

conditions, asthma, arthritis

or diabetes, they may not fully understand all the things they

need to do to manage that properly. Those who struggle

with health information are

likely to be older and have

conditions such as diabetes and

cardiovascular disease. Health

exports say medical care is a

partnership. Doctors need to

ensure that their patients

clearly understand what their

treatment options are. Patients

have to understand if they're

going to get the best out of

their health consultation, they

really need to take an active

role, not be embarrassed, not

be shy to say "Look, I'm not

quite sure about that, can we

go through that again?"

Experts say medical

breakthroughs are of little

benefit if patients find it

difficult to follow even basic

medical advice. Onto finance,

and the local sharemarket

jumped more than 1% today as

the gold price hit a new record

high. Here's Alan Kohler. On

the spot market today, gold has

jumped to $1,128 an ounce. In

the past two months, up 20%.

But in Australian dollars it's

only up 5% because much of the

increase in the gold price is

due to the US dollar falling.

In the past two months the US

dollar has fallen 6% against

the euro and today it fell

again and the Aussie dollar got

as high as 93.5 cents. While

that's bad news for Australian

goldminers, it's pretty good

news for Australian motorists.

Here's what the petrol price

would have done if the

Australian dollar had stayed at

72 cents. It would be nearly

$1.50 a litre instead of the current national price of

$1.21.7. Here's another

allusion from currencies. If

you compare the Australian All

Ordinaries Index with the MSCI

World Index it looks like

nobody's told the world how

excellent we are. Since early

March, the world index is up

68% while the All Ords is up

just 53%. But Australian

shares are actually up 126% for

investors using US dollars,

which is not a bad return for

eight and a bit months, it's

just a pity we're investing

with Aussie dollars, although

if you used them to buy US

shares you'd be in real

trouble.

Seek shares jumped because of

good news on jobs on Thursday. AXA kept going up in

anticipation of a higher bid from AMP and Incitec Pivot

jumped 6.5% despite reporting a

loss and saying that 2010 will

be challenging. That's

finance. Instead of

celebrating their 20-all draw

with Ireland, the Wallabies are

lamenting an 11th hour try which thwarted Grand Slam

ambitions. Australia led for

much of the match but it wasn't

enough for victory. Here's

Peter Wilkins. Despite moments

of pure elation for the

Wallabies, this was an episode

in frustration. So much so

that the normally reticient

Wallabies coach surpassed some

previous efforts. Not point in

looking at the detail, there's

a number of things you can look

at. There's no point, mate.

Game's done. Ireland escaped

with a draw. After a perfect

start capitalising on Irish

error, many things the

Wallabies did were top notch.

There were line breaks, and

good defence... some of it

unfairly penalised.

COMMENTATOR: That was a

legitimate tackle. The

breakdown was a strength and

the scrum had its

moments. Great scrum. David

of the Match and captain Rocky Pocock was the everywhere Man

Elsom paraded his skills, while

turnovers proved costly, this

gem with 20 minutes to go

provided a 7-point buffer with

the Matt Gitteau

conversion. You leave the door

ajar, then they've got the

persistence to come back. Under

seeing in the final minutes,

the Wallabies capitulated. Now

O'Driscoll puts it down.

Try! Brett Lee's hopes of

squeezing back into the Test 11

have rested firmly on proving

fitness and taking early

wickets in the season, but he

was out of sorts and wicketless

during NSW defeat in the limited overs match against

Tasmania and a reaction to a

nagging elbow injury forced him

out of the Shield match against

the Tigers. Very disappointing

for Brett. He tried his heart

out yesterday and was in

their tour match against obvious pain. Preparing for

Queensland, the West Indians were guarded about his

predicament. I'm sure whoever

Australia selects for the game, it is going to be somebody

who's going to be hungry for

Diegi Maradona has been success. Argentinian legend

suspended for coaching duties

for two months for his unseemingly press conference

outburst after Argentina

qualified for next year's World

Cup. Maradona insulted

journalists in his rant and risked sanctions at the World

Cup. But the ban from soccer

activities until mid January

and a $27,000 fine will only

keep him from the Cup draw next

month and an exhibition match.

The sheer delight said it all -

after 65 professional

tournaments, 6-time runner up

Michelle Wie has broken through

for her maiden LPGA tour win.

The Korean-American prodigy

burst onto the scene as a 12-year-old, turned

professional at 16, but only

won her tour card last year.

She had a 3 under par 69 in the

final round of the Lorena Ochoa

Invitational to finish 13 under

par, 2 clear of Paula Krammer.

He says he's a mere beginner,

but at the age of 102 he can't

stop painting. Lyster Holland

may have come late to picking

up the brush, but he has no

intention of putting it down

now. At a weekend exhibition

he was as much on show as his

work. Geoff Sims has this

portrait of the artist from his

appropriately-named hometown of

Young in the south-west of NSW.

Lyster Holland loves painting,

but an artist? No, I'm only a

beginner. I'm just starting

off afresh. He can't stop. It's

in your blood, I think. Once

you start, I think you can see art in everything you look

at. At 102 and a half, Lyster Holland is remarkable for more

than painting. He doesn't

smoke or drink, yet his diet

will have doctors

reeling. Plenty of salt, plenty

of sugar, plenty of fat and I

think that's what keeps me

going. After a blemishless

driving record of 81 years,

he's only recently sold his car

and downsized. He was in his

70s before he picked up a brush

but only got going once he

reached his century. He has a

thing about trees. You look at

an old tree and you think the

story that tree could tell if

it could talk. At the weekend,

he exhibited with other local

artist. Lyster Holland's

paintings are the feature of

the exhibition, yet not one of

them is for sale. Every last

one of his paintings has

already been earmarked by his

children, his grandchildren and

his great grandchildren. That

means a lot of painting. Six

children, five of my own and

alive, 34 great one adopted, 18 grandchildren

grandchildren. The paintings

have all been labelled and were

just on loan. It was the

admission price that went to a

local school and he inspired

some other old-timers. They

thought they were too old to

paint, now they'd better make a

start. Perhaps even his son

Nevin, who's a mere 70. He

never started till he was 70,

I've probably got hidden

talents that haven't come out

yet. No-one's about to upstage

his dad. Let's check the

weather now, and after a hot

day in Sydney, some storms have

moved in, hopefully making it a

lot cooler tomorrow. We'll see temperatures drop

back shortly, but that band of showers actually stretches

through over the ranges to the

central Tablelands and the

Central West slopes and plains

and it's producing strong to

galeforce winds and this band

of shower and storms is moving

into Sydney. We can expect

gusty winds through the

southern half of Sydney. Most

of those storms are in this

cluster, fairly close to the

coast. Humidity above 50% in

the city today with a top

temperature of 26.7 degrees.

The trough moved into the

State and proud hot north-west

winds ahead of it, although we

saw sea breezes along the

coast.

The only cloud over the

continent is in the south-west

corner. These bands are

associated with cold fronts.

The first signs of a system

that's capable of producing

cooler weather in NSW is a high

sitting all the way back in the

Indian Ocean and it's still

about a week away. The high

instead will move into the

Tasman tomorrow and that's

going to drive hot north-west

winds across the State pretty

much from Wednesday to Sunday.

Tomorrow, the trough will move

into the north-east and that

will produce further isolated

showers and also some

thunderstorms.

Recapping tonight's

top story - the Prime Minister and the Opposition Leader

united in Parliament today to

say sorry to around 500,000 members of Australia's forgotten generation. That is

ABC News for this Monday. Stay

with us now for the '7.30

Report'. Don't miss a special

screening tomorrow of a

documentary tracing the story

of the forgotten Australians.

'The Long Journey Home' is on

at 8:30 tomorrow night on ABC1.

Goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI

COMMENTATOR: Magnificent moment

for Ricky Ponting. Tonight on

the 7.30 Report - a special

interview with Ricky Ponting on

his roller-coaster ride as the

Australian cricket captain.

It's clear to me in the diary

that you're still stung by the

comments of another former

captain in Alan Border. The

main thing that I was offended

with there is the thought that

I put myself before the team.

That was the one thing that

stung me the most. This Program is Captioned

Live.

Welcome to the program. It's

been a tempestuous year for

both sides of politics, but the

first day of the last sitting

fortnight of the parliamentary

year began on an unusual note

of unity, even shared emotions. Kevin Rudd and Malcolm Turnbull

joined forces to offer an

apology to the so-called "