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(generated from captions) equip to deal with the medical

aftermath of the aftermath of the earthquake. A

number of critical cases have

been seen by now, we'll pick up

the elements that come as a

result of living outside, being

exposed to the elements. The

22-strong team will work along

side two Indonesian medics for

as long as they are needed. We

can learn a lot, as far as

cultural aspects, apart from

that the good feeling we know

we have done something to help

out. Construction teams are ot

work repairing and clear what

they can, all the staff of this

motorbike shop and the

customers able to get out

before the building

collapsed. The opener reassures

his workers that he will

reopen, "We survived the

earthquake three years ago,

this one was worse", a security

camera at Padang's largest

hotel, the Hotel Ambacang

captured a moment the quake

hit. People ran in panic as the

building shook, 80 guests and people attending a conference

were believed inside at the

time. It's been almost a week time. It's been almost a

since the earthquake struck. And five days since

anyone has been found alive.

The international search and

rescue teams including one from rescue teams including one

Queensland are on their way

home, leaving local attention

to retrieve the body,

international agencies that

remain will continue relief

work and the rebuilding. In

some outlying parts away from the epicentre of the the epicentre of the quake,

they are holding out hope

they'll come across survivors,

in the mountains there are

fears of further landslides

because of wet conditions in

recent days. Some villages have

been told to stand by for

evacuation after levels of -

reports of low level

soil. South Australian

Ministers close ranks around Ministers close ranks

Mike Rann after question of the

assault on him. The Premier

shows signs of a beating

received at a fund-raiser

Thursday night. A 5-year-old

local businessman Richard Wayne

Phillips has been charged with

aggravated assault. It's

emerged Mr Rann was friends with Richard Wayne Phillips's

wife who is estranged but it's

understood he has not seen him

for five years, a colleague

blamed the medium Appalling reporting. Today Mr Rann

detailed other problems. In the

last six months I have had

death threats, death threats

against both my kids, threats

of violence against members of

my family, hate

mail. Colleagues of Mr Rann say

there's no threat to his

leadership. A quick look at the

weather - cold, showers, storms

and hail in Hobart, Melbourne,

Canberra and Sydney. Dry and

mild to warm in the other

capital cities. That's all from us, Lateline Business

coming up in a moment. If you'd

like to look at the interview

with Julia Gillard, or review

stories or transcripts you can

visit the web site. Now here

is Lateline Business with Ali

Moore. Tonight - packing up.

The boss of Brambles quits as

the company promises better

customer service. They've

probably been overearning and

underinvesting in the US

business for a number of years

and customers have started to

react to that. The rate hike

shock, business braces for a

slow down. Unfortunately I

think it will directly affect that rebuilding of business

over lunch times. Holdens hot

pursuit, carmaker pictures to

build a new police car in the build a new police car in

United States. Bad guys are

angry, they don't want to

aggravate them with little leg

room. To the markets, early

gains from Wall Street's

positive mood were largely

reversed by today's interest

rate rise, All Ords finish up

18 points, ASX 200 gained 18

points. In Japan the Nikkei had

a seesawing day, closing 17

points higher, a rally by Chinese goldminers helped Hong Kong's Hang Seng close Chinese goldminers helped the

under 2%, and in London the

FTSE is up more than 1.5% in

morning trade. It's been a busy

day for Reserve Bank Board

member Graeme Kraehe after

having his say on interest

rates around the RBA Board

table, Graeme Kraehe, the

chairman of brambles announced

changes to the top ranks of his

company's management team. CEO company's management team.

Mike Ihlein is replaced by the

former head of Ford former head of Ford Australia,

Tom Gorman, the palette

supplier upveiled plans to

lucrative North American protect its share of a

market. Richard Lindell reports. After just two years reports. After just two

in the top job, outgoing in the top job, outgoing CEO

Mike Ihlein says now is the

right time for change. Look, it

is my decision, and I think a

lot of people say, "Are you retiring?", the answer is,

"Yes, I am", I have been in

senior corporate roles for 35

years n the six years at

Brambles, we have done an

enormous amount of transforming

the company. The transformation

hasn't come fast enough for

customers in the US, where

Brambles earns almost half its

profit, putting the CEO under

pressure. The last two years pressure. The last two

have been difficult, not just because of the economic

conditions, but in some ways

the company has been playing

catch up being reactive to

competitor and customer issues

as they have arisen. Tom Gorman

is the former head of Ford

Australia, he's been running

bram kes palette business in

Europe, Middle East, Africa and

the past two years for

Brambles. The top priority is

to include the quality and

customer service as Brambles

looks to grow a 12% share of

the North American markment. We

want to grow the business, look

after customer satisfaction, we

want to develop people, be cost

effective and be responsible

citizens. After a 7-month

review for the US, meeting

those goals will cost around

$80 million a year as Brambles

repairs and replaces old

pallets, it's a significant

investment, one Paul Ryan says

is long overdue They've been

overearning and underinvesting

in the US business for a number

of years, and the customers

have started to react to that.

And given the opportunity of

the threat as much as anything

of a new entrant they saw the

opportunity to make displeasure

known in the most vocal way,

that's moving their business.

Brambles decided to stay with

wood pallets even though new

entrants win business with a

lighter durable plastic

product. There are challenges

with the plastic palette, it's

$60-$US70 per pal amound. A

wood palette Chep uses is

$19-$20. To get a return on

plastic you need to turn it

over, as in get it going

through the system more often,

regularly or charge a higher

price. At the moment IGPS is charging the same price as

Chep. The challenge for them is

to make an acceptable return. Whether customers

prefer wood or plastic will

shape Brambles future and the

tenure of a new CEO that needs

to claw back earnings lost over

the past two years. The

reasoning defied the pundits

delivering an earlier than

expected interest rate rise.

The increase of 25 basis points

takes the carve rate to 3.25%

as banks - cash rate to 3.25%,

as banks prepare to up mortage

ez rate. Business accuses the

RBA of moving too soon, RBA of moving too soon, saying

it will dent confidence and

stiffle Australia's economic recovery. Neal Woolrich

reports. When some businesses

started cooking again started cooking again the

Reserve Bank delivered its

first rate hike in 19 months,

for Melbourne restaurant for Melbourne restaurant owner

Victoria Wilson, it's a nervous

wait. She's unsure whether it

will hurt her lunchtime

trade. Only recently enjoyed

the return of a lot of business

clientele over the lunchtime

hours, and unfortunately I

think that will directly affect

that rebuilding of business

over lunch times. The first

quarter of this year was one of

the toughest times for Australia's Australia's restaurants, Victoria Wilson says business

has picked up in recent months,

but the rate hike threatens to

put the breaks on the final few

months of 2009. We are still

tracking very well. My concerns

will be now with this interest

rate, and if another rate, and if another happens

prior to Christmas, businesses

will be looking carefully at

the amount that they spend on

Christmas functions. It's the

possibility of a Christmas

spending spree and the impact

that could have on inflation

which made the Reserve Bank move. It says:

The rate rise raised the ire

of Australia's business lobby, the Chamber of Commerce and Industry says the reasoning

should have waited until the

Government's fiscal stimulus

measures have been phased

out. We believe those sorts of

measure should have been

allowed to flow through the

system and we could have tested

the underlying strength of the

economy, not the strength of

the economy attribute uble to

the fiscal stimulus measures.

The chamber says surveys of

investor confidence shows

confidence is shrinking. What

is weak is business investment

, and business investment is

susceptible to interest rate

movement. We are concerned

about that, we are concerned

about the impact on consumer confidence. The rate rise

helped the Australian dollar,

which jumped to a 14-month high

against the greenback, gaining

half a cent in afternoon trade.

An economist say that several

more rises will be on the

way. We think they are telling

us that they'll raise rates by

25 basis points at every

meeting until they get to 4.25,

then they'll watch. If we start

to see the economy respond negatively, to the interest

rate increase, they may stop

earlier. With banks funding

pressures easing local

institutions are not expected

to pass on any more than the

official rate increase.

However, there'll be pain in

the mortgage belt with analysts

tipping a spike in home loan

defaults. At low interest rates

that we have, average

affordability is roughly where

it's been long term, that's

what the Reserve Bank said a

couple of weeks ago, if rates

move up affordabilitiy is a

significant issue, our house to income ratios are some of the

worst globally. The

construction sector is now also

bracing for pain. It's

concerned fewer people will be

prepared to build new

homes. For a look at the day on

the markets I spoke to Martin Lakos, from Macquarie Private

Health. Martin Lakos, first up

how did the market respond to

today's interest rate move, it

wasn't entirely unexpected. We

had a pretty solid lead from

overnight, up 68 points,

certainly for the first hours

of trade. The market slipped

and slid, and looked like it

was reading there would be a

rise. We were up about 30

points for a couple of hours

after that point in time. 2:30

came around the Reserve Bank

announcement showed that they

raised rates by 25 basis points

to 3.75%, the market came up

from there. They closed up

about 18 points, I think it's

well worth noting the Reserve Bank commented that Bank commented that basically

they are gradually lessening

the stimulus provided by

monetary policy, I would

suggest that they are going to

take their time in raising

rates and it's our view that

we'll see 3 .5 to 3.75% on the

cash rate by Christmas time,

and probably the Reserve Bank

will take a breather seeing

what impacts that has on what impacts that has on some

of the areas that they've been

concerned about. Especially

given that most are expecting

there'll be rises between now

and Christmas, as you are suggesting something around

half a percent, how did major

banks fair. Mixed. They came

off initially, Westpac

recovered, they closed up 51 to

25:18. The Reserve Bank dropped

18 cent to 49.50. Markets and

consumers will watch what the

banks decide to do, if

anything, on their mortgage

rate settings. If we look at

company news, the grain handler

GrainCorp is buying US based

United Malt Holdings for $750

million, is that a good deal It

looks like a solid deal,

certainly from the presentation

document presented to the

market by grain comp, they are

talking about good synergistic

benefits and quote they'll have

operations in form of storage,

handling, logistics, trading,

flour milling and malting, and,

in particular the malting business is across business is across Australia,

the United Kingdom, Canada and

the US. A diversified business.

They have bought it on a

reasonable EBIT model of 5.5

times, and they are continuing

to focus on the dividend side of payout ratios between

40-60%, interestingly they are

financing this buy an

entitlement issue to

shareholders. This is in

addition to the $200

million-odd raised earlier this

year, and there's a debt

facility attached. We'll wait

to see how the market reacts.

The rights issue is priced at a

steep discount to Friday's

close of share close of share price.

Broadly, looking at the wider

markets, do you see a lot of

people sitting on the sidelines

waiting to see what goes up, if

it stays up. There's very much

been an expectation of looking

for the market to correct,

particularly now there's an enormous amount of enormous amount of information

in the market in terms of the

reporting seen just passed. We

have the banks coming have the banks coming up,

Bendigo Bank on the #159sz,

ANZ, NAB and Westpac on 4

November. The market will be

waiting for that. There's a lot

of cash on the sidelines

waiting to be engaged with the

market. A lot of investors were

waiting for the reporting seen,

and were not prepared to risk

punting on the market. They

want to look at fundamentals,

now they have it in hand and

the market is run up hard they

are looking for a pull back to

give entry points. It may be

because there's so much

expectations of engaging the

mark, any sort of downside may

be limited. Martin Lakos,

thanks for joining us. To the

other major movers on the

market. IiNet shares down 4.5%

on the first day of a copyright

case where movie distributors

are suing the Internet provider

for not shopping customers from

illegally sharing illegally sharing movies.

Origin Energy put on 28 cent

after posting a $530 million

underlying profit. Rio Tinto up

88 cent after signing a

long-awaited deal with the Mongolian Government to develop

a $4 million copper and a $4 million copper and gold Oyu Tolgoi Mine mine in Oyu Tolgoi Mine mine in the

Gobi Desert. The Australian

dollar jumped to a 14-month

high on news of an interest

rate rise trading at 88.7 US

cent. Gold fell back slightly.

In New York oil is up.

Today's statement by Today's statement by the

Reserve Bank Board referred to

strong growth in China, and

included the forecast that for

Australia's trading partner

group, growth in 2010 is likely

to be close to trepd. China may

be the biggest of the merging

economy, it's not the only one

rebounding from the global

slowdown with more vigour than

most. With the emerging economy

leading the recovery what, is

driving goeth and what is

sustainable. HSBC released a

market index and the head of

local markets Tony Cripps

joined me earlier this even. Welcome to Lateline

Business. Thank you. When you

look at the role of China

leading the world back from the

recession and the fact that

emerging economies rebounded

sharply, is it fair to say the

crisis may be the making of emerging emerging markets. Potentially,

that's correct. If you look at

the world, there's an

imbalance, it was a savings

glut in the emerging markets and demand driven by debt in

the developed markets. Because

the deleveraging of debt in the

developed markets we saw the

opposite occur in the emerging

markets which is an internal

combustion around domestic

consumption, we see real signs

of that in the emerging

markets. What triggered

that. Traditionally the

emerging markets have been so

reliabilities on the US

consumer or the European

consumerle The irony is it's

the absence of exports of the

there's fiscal stimulus in

response to the fall in exports, there's been

significant falls in Asian

exports to the US and Europe.

25-45%. Those economies

looking within themselves, on

how to generate growth, they

have created stimulus measures,

it's built confidence in those

economies, we have seen

evidence of it. What exactly

have you seen, I said they rebounded sharply than pretty

much everywhere else, can you

quantify that. We have seen

orders start to pick up fairly

significantly in Q3. There was definitely contraction

everywhere in Q4 of 2008. In

first and second quarter there

was contraction, in Q3 there's

a pick-up in manufacturing

activity, we have seen orders

building at a faster pace than

exports. It's telling you that

there's demand outside of

exports building in emerging

market economies. Is there two

potential questions here, one

the extent to which that

internal demand is driven by Government stimulus as we are

seep in Australia, and secondly

it's a rapid restocking after a

rapid destocking and if those

two factors are at play, what

happens when they wash through

the system. Restocking is part

of a V-shaped recovery, typical

of an economic cycle. This one

more severe than moth. A lot of

the loan growth, particularly

in China, which has been

spectacular is about

infrastructure, they are

pouting in police, spending to

put in place - they

put in place - they are

spending to put in place to

expand their economy. We hear a

lot of China, the emerging

economies are more and

different to China, what

happens in the other markets,

ind I can't, Brazil, South

Korea, or Taiwan, the other

markets making up the emerging countries. To some extent they

are rebounding in the same way

as China, it's relative. They

are different. There is a, if

you like a secular shift going

through the emerging markets

which is around developing which is around developing off

what was potentially a low base

some years ago, we start to see

across all the EM markets at a

different pace a general

developing story around

internal growth, supported

obviously still by exports to a

large degree. We are seeing

some maturity coming into the

developing markets which is

very encouraging for long ever

term prospects because over the

next 5-10 years more than two-thirds of world growth

comes from the emerging market

space. Do you have to define

what you talk about when you

talk emergent markets. Can you

lump it into developed worlds,

can you say developing

words. HSBC aims to measure in

aggregate a total view of what

EM represents. We have released

a report today at the IMF

conference, it's called the

emerging market index, we

analyse in aggregate what we

quantify as EM and measure

through a variety of economic

inputs the strength of all

sorts of things like output,

employment index, etc. That

index only covers I think it's

13 countries. There are many

more that would qualify as

emerging. Is it an accurate

reflection of what is

happening. In the individual

countries the purchasing

manager index which is common

used by Central Banks in the

developed markets started to

become accurate in the emerging

markets. What we have done is

started to collect the data

with partners on the ground as

the world's leading international bank in international bank in this

space. We focussed on the

major emerging market economy,

China, India, etc. As more of

this accurate data is available

we'll continue to add that to

the story. Given the outlook

that you paint, if the

developed world is looking at

growth of less than 2%, what is

the developing world looking at

what, are emerging what, are emerging markets

looking at. We are looking at

growth in the order of 6%, more

than three times the developed

world growth potential, as I

said it will be driven by a

sustainable picture which is

around infrastructure put in

place, our China economists visited Australia in pointed

out that infrastructure in

China, for example is one of

the world's largest exporting

countries, has a rail

infrastructure equivalent to

where the US was in the 1800s,

so they have... A lot of work

to do. A lot of work to do

given their size. Does that

growth, at 6%, will that

feedback into the developed

world. It will, the connection

between the developed and the

developing has been somewhat

one sided because it's been all

about exports, but as those

countries, the developing

countries gain wealth, their

own middle class wealth, it

relates to travel, tourism,

education, demand for raw

materials, demand for finished

products. There'll be a real connectivity. Tony Cripps,

thanks for joining us. Thank

you. As policitians around the

globe argue about how to deal

with climate change, it seems

the business community has been

quietly adjusting to the new

reality, what was a threat is

now seen as an opportunity for

new products and new new products and new profits. Andrew Robertson

reports. Shareholders are now

demanding the companies they

invest in face up to the invest in face up to the risks

climate change could cause to

their bottom lines. While

carbon eventually will have a price through price through an emissions

trading scheme, the other risks

from climate change are

focussing investor's mines. We

are looking to understand how

companies manage the physical

aspects of climate change in

terms of changes in the weather

and how they manage the market

responses to climate change in

terms of changing consumer

sentiment and change in

consumer demands, which is why the Investor Group on Climate

Change representing most of the Australia's big superannuation

and other managed funds takes

part in a global survey of the

corporate world's attempts to

deal with climate change, deal with climate change, the

Investor Group's Nathan Fabian

says he's encourage ed that

companies are thinking about

impacts on the different parts

of their business. For example,

companies might consider the

effect of whether events on

their transport corridors or their transport corridors or on

the ability of the work force

to turn up and do their job

each day. A man at the coalface

of climate change is Stockland

boss Matthew Quinn, for stak

land a key risk is the

potential impact on the coastal

housing developments. When

people build a house they pect

it to last 50-100 years, we

build in potential expectations

for rising sea levels that

could be significant over could be significant over that

period of time. 48 of the top

50 listed companies in Australia took part in Australia took part in the Carbon Disclosure Project

Survey, the two who failed to

respond were John Fairfax, respond were John Fairfax, and

Fortescue Metals, which Nathan

Fabian believes is simply not

good enough We would be

conserved that these companies

aren't having an open dialogue

with their investors on these

issues, I can assure you

investors are interested. For

us transparency is a proxy for

quality of management. If a

company is not telling us how

they manage an issue, the first

thing we have to ask is are

they measuring the potential

impact on their business. The impact on their business.

Carbon Disclosure Project

revealed that companies are now

turning their minds to the

opportunities presented opportunities presented by

climate change, computer share

is a prime example. For them

it's about what opportunities

is there in terms of new trading platforms as a carbon

market establishes. While

making new buildings

sustainable is relatively easy,

a climate change opportunity

for Stockland is existing

buildings and in particular the

8.5 million houses with no

energy rating. As far as the

Government is Cop serned they

need an eye on the future with

new building and an eye on the

present with existing

on the ground giving groups present with existing buildings

like ours to bring existing

buildings up to modern-day

standards, a fan of the green

deappreciation, accelerated deappreciation, taking

buildings, fitting them up to today's green standards. Stocklands effort standards. Stocklands effort on

climate change are highly regarded and Colonial First

State Amanda McCluskey believes

changing sentiment will force

those not pulling their weight

to lift their game. As more

investors are asking companies

for the information we'll have

a better quality of data,

eventually you'll see a shift

and companies managing the risk

and being transparent will be

valued at a premium to

companies that are not

transparent with the

market. While corporate

thinking on climate change

moved a long way forward, there

is only a handful of companies

investing in emissions

reductions and a large number

have no carbon emission

targets. Possibly a targets. Possibly a reflection

of the uncertainty around

carbon emission legislation.

Australian carmaker Holden has

come up with a high performance

concept car it wants to sell to

the United States police force.

It's hoping the custom-made

vehicle is help ensure

profitability as GM continues

to grapple with Michael Rowland has the to grapple with bankruptcy,

story. This is the car Holden

is hoping will arrest its

export slide. A V8 Caprice

designed for past paced US

police departments. I have to

tell you it's filled with

absolutely awesome

potential. Holden wants this to

be the car of choice for American police officers, the

Ford model in use for years is

being phased out. Holden

plooefs it has a good shot at

capture - believes it has ta

good shot at capturing a market

worth 70,000 sales a year. It's

an exciting first step and it

could lead to export volume for

Holden. It will help replace

exports lost when GM slid into bankruptcy, Holden Monaros were

shipped to the US and rebadged

as Pontiacs, guilt M scrapped

the brand as financial troubles

deepened. The police car will

be built at the South

Australian factory, it believes

the car will be popular with

officers and offenders. The bad

guys are angry, they don't want

to be aggravated with little

leg room. The Caprice has

something like 3-5 inches of

extra leg room over

competitors. Holden hopes

success in the police car

market will renew passenger car

exports but it's hostage to an

American economy and a parent

company working its way out of

bankruptcy. A look at the

business diary. Performance of Construction business diary. The Australian

Index for September is out as

is the Australian Bureau of

Statistics finance data for

August. Overseas - quarterly

GDP figures for poourp are out.

In the Yates consumer credit

numbers will be -- in the numbers will be -- in

United States consumer credit

numbers will be numbers will be released. The

Herald Sun says business,

retailers and housing groups

say the upward move on interest

rates is premature. The

Australian features a reaction

to the rates rise saying it could berail the share market's strong recovery, 'Australian Financial Review' strong recovery, the

has the same story, saying the

rate rise increases pressure on

the Government to wind back stimulus programs and Sydney Morning Herald looks at stimulus programs and the

the leadership shake-up at

Brambles, that's all for

tonight. As I leave you the

FTSE is trading up 76 points or

1.5%, the Dow futures is

showing a rise at the opening

of 60 points or 0.6 of 1%. If

you want to review the program visit the web site at

where you can watch the whole

show online or down load it as

a vodcast. We'd love your


I'm Ali Moore, goodnight.

Closed Captions by CSI

. THEME MUSIC UPBEAT HIP HOP PLAYS on the trot, After four election victories 15-year reign the NSW Labor government's

is entering a spectacular endgame. of scandal. There's an ever-growing whiff corruption findings, sacked ministers Political donations, speculation. and continuous leadership to do anything about it. And the government seems unable It's been an unholy mess and what we've demonstrated today as a party that it's been a mess. is that recognise and his government The State's new premier have become objects of ridicule. going to end? When is this tawdry soap opera ill-discipline, Do you accept that through has discredited itself your party in government Yes. in the eyes of the public of NSW? tears itself apart, While the NSW Government there's chaos on the roads is bursting at the seams. and the City Rail network premiers have made grand promises. Over 10 years successive Labor It represents the foundations in the next century. for public transport for this city revolution. Today we start a public transport Do we have the plan, the map? OK. But so far the grand visions and promises have amounted to virtually nothing. Another election promise that never delivers. We've tried for years and years to get something done about it. There's now quite a deep degree of cynicism in the whole area. Look, Sydney faces very tremendous challenges. You've got congestion costs that cost the State economy over $12 million a day in lost productivity. On Four Corners tonight - how the NSW Government has betrayed voters

by failing to deliver the most basic of services - adequate public transport. It's 7:05, Friday morning. Business analyst Adrian Hart is about to begin the first leg of a long journey to work. He lives 30km away, but it will take him a full two hours to get there. If I miss it have to walk a kilometre or so to another street

and wait 30 minutes for another bus. Adrian lives in Baulkham hills, in the city's north-west, one of the fastest growing parts of Sydney, and we join him on a day of travelling to and from work in North Sydney. The only way Adrian can get to work is to catch two buses -

both privately run - there are no trains. By the time he gets home tonight it'll have been a round trip of 12 hours - eight hours at work plus another four on the buses. Thanks, driver. On bus number 615 it's standing room only. So where are we going to sit? Sit up the back. Yeah, it doesn't appear to be a seat today. Is it like this, do you often have to stand the whole way? Yeah. Hi, Abel. You got a seat, you're lucky. Adrian's friend Abel has already scored a seat. 20 minutes later it's time to get off and join bus number 612 to North Sydney. The queue is known as the 612 shuffle. Are we gonna get a seat? I don't know. It's pretty much full. Yeah, I'll say. This is usual, is it? Yeah. It's always late, but unofficially late. Just the fact we're travelling on full buses - and it's usually a full bus - and they have to keep adding more buses and they get full. I think there's a big demand out here for public transport. I think people really want it, and they just get let down. Do you guys sit and complain to each other every morning? Pretty much. It helps pass the time. $90 a month. See ya. Just two kilometres away in the next suburb, Castle Hill, live the Bell family - Garth, Sue and son Lachlan. This part of Sydney has the highest rate of car ownership in the country. The Bells have got one each, plus Lachlan's work ute, which makes four. A plumber by trade, Lachlan works in Gladesville - it's a 17km trip which takes 40 minutes and it's bumper-to-bumper all the way. We're just coming onto the M2 where the carparking lot will begin again as you can see. How long's it usually take you in peak hour? At 9am Sue Bell drives off to see her mother who lives in a nursing home 30 kilometres away.