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ABC News 24: 9am News (Sat) -

View in ParlView

(generated from captions) Live. Modernising the monarchy,

Commonwealth leaders agree to

scrap a century's old law barring

barring first-born daughters

from the British from the British throne. Put

simply, in the duck and Duchess

of Cambridge were to have a

little girl, that girl little girl, that girl would

one day be our Queen. Also

Qantas warns thousands of jobs

industrial action continues are on the line if the bitter

into next year. Bangkok braces

for the worst as high tides

threatened to breach the city's threatened to breach the city's flood walls. In cricket Australia takes out the one-day

series against South Africa in Durban. Good morning, you are

watching ABC News 24, I'm Andrew Geoghegan. Good to be

with you. A quick check of the


The Commonwealth Heads of

Government Meeting continues no Perth today. Leaders will

tackle the most contentious proposal for reform when they

discuss whether to create a

commissioner for human rights and democracy. Last and democracy. Last night leaders announced Commonwealth

countries would end discrimination against female members of

members of the royal family. The 16 countries that have the

Queen as head of State agreed

to change the rules of succession. Now a daughter is no longer prevented succession. Now a first-born

from becoming queen if she has Prime Minister David Cameron a younger brother. British

says the sake r changes will affect the next generation of

the royal family. If the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge were

to have a little girl that girl

would one day be our queen. For more on the CHOGM meeting in

Perth we're joining by political correspondent Latika Bourke, good morning. Good

morning, Andrew. Tell us what's

on Julia Gillard's agenda today? Unsurprisingly Prime

hosting very busy day before her Minister Gillard has

hosting the Commonwealth Heads

Now of Government Meeting in Perth.

Now she's starting off this

morning with a very early

meeting with the British Prime

Minister David Cameron. Now

that's taking place 7am Perth

time, so next hour, and whilst

it won't be all croissant srksz over breakfast, we are

expecting back to the serious

side of joint statements and

press conference from both Prime Minister Cameron later Prime Minister Gillard and

this morning and that's before

they head off then to the

leader's retreat and then at

lunch time host a barbecue for

the Queen. Before you get to

1:00 or 2:00 Perth time Prime

Minister Julia Gillard will

again be packing it into a very schedule today. Just specifically then what are the Prime Ministers Gillard and

Cameron likely to be talking

about? Well, Andrew, the Prime want to pre-empt these Ministers this

discussions and isn't providing

any official lines about what

might be might be brought up at this meeting but it is very safe to say that Julia Gillard will certainly raise what she sees

as the need for decisive and

swift action in the Eurozone to

prevent a collapse of either

the bloc there or the currency

or some of those countries who

are riddled with debt and she

has been called - calling for swift action to take place at

the G20 meeting which is

happening very soon in karns

Cannes. The Prime Minister has

made it clear she wants to see

more than what the Eurozone

she's also made it very clear agreed upon during the week and

that other economies like ours

which is strong compared to

many of the others around the

world stand to fall and stand

to lose - not fall but stand to

suffer very great damage if the

Eurozone is allowed to fall in

to any further crisis. Almost

certainly that's what the Prime

Cameron will Minister's message to David

Cameron will be. Latika thanks,

we'll talk again soon. Thanks,

Andrew. Today is the Queen's final day in Australia and Her

Majesty's final engagement is a big Aussie barbecue in Perth.

ABC News 24 will have live

coverage of that event being held on the Perth esplanade later

later today. The big barbecue will be a later today. The big Aussie

quintessential way to farewell

Her Majesty Queen II and the

Duke of Edinburgh as the

Queen's farewell barbecue live here on ABC 24 have 1:50 Qantas has warned the airline's here on ABC 24 have 1:50 today.

operations could slashed by 50%

the industrial and thousands of jobs lost if

continues into next year. Unions are considering their

next course of action in the bitter dispute which Qantas calculates is costing calculates is costing $15

million a week. The unions furious over a decision at the million a week. The unions are

airline's annual general

meeting to award Mr Joyce a $2

million pay rise. The Transport Workers' Union will meet this weekend to discuss their next step in the campaign. The says it will still honour a Aircraft Engineers

commitment to a 3-week lull in industrial action although it has warned the dispute could go

into next year. And the CEO,

Alan Joyce says if the dispute

continues for more than a year

management will have no choice

but to shrink the airline by bit which will have very but to shrink the airline bit

grave consequences jobs. Overseas a state grave consequences for

jobs. Overseas a state of

emergency has been declared in

two of Italy's prized regions after flash floods and two of Italy's prized tourist

mud slides struck the north-west. Heavy mud slides struck the country's

this week sent a torrent of

water and mud crashing through

picturesque towns in Tuscany

and Liguria. The disaster killed at least 9 people and

left shops and houses without power. Emergency teams are

working around the club to

clear the mud and debris.

Bangkok's flood emergency is

expected to worsen today with high tides to breach the flood

walls. Thousands of people have

left the city for a

Daniel says created 5-day holiday. But Zoe

Daniel says some tourists Daniel says some tourists are still taking in Bangkok sites. We're starting to sites. We're starting to see

some flooding in Bangkok's

tourist districts with these

high tides but really this is very minor in comparison to very minor in comparison to the

sort of flooding that we're

seeing on the outskirts of the

city. And as you can city. And as you can see,

tourists are still braving the

small amount of water on the

road out the front of the grand

palace and in fact the palace itself is still open for tourists if wade through the water. As far as tourism goes generally, main international airport main international airport is still operating normally other

than being quite busy with people exiting

away from this flooding. Many

foreign governments have now

put out travel warnings for Bangkok and flooded Bangkok and flooded provinces

but that's mainly to do with the convenience of the flooding, cut flooding, cut transport links and disruption to food and

water supplies. It's really a personal

personal choice, I guess, as a traveller whether come to Bangkok at the moment.

But many people obviously still

are. That's Zoe Sudan - Daniel

in Bangkok. A significant human milestone will be reached in the next the next couple of days.

Earth's population will reach 7

billion on October 31 according

to the United Nations. It's

taken just 12 years to add

another billion people to the

planet. Ch well the global

population clicked over to 1

billion in 1800 and it billion in 1800 and it grew steadily until the middle of

last century reaching 3 billion

by 1959 and then it took The post war period produced

the baby boomer generation in

the West but in the latter half

of the 20th century of the 20th century population

in the growth in the in the growth in the West levelled off levelled off or fell but developing nations more than

made up for that. So what's the

remainder of this century hold?

Let's take a look on that

graph. According to the UN

there are 3 possible growth

scenarios. The current rate of

growth which would see global population move beyond population move beyond 14 billion by 2100 or medium growth which would see growth which would see the population plateau at around 9

billion or 7 billion there. And the population

peaking at around 30 years and

then falling to less than it is today at about 5.5 today at about 5.5 billion.

Well for more on

implications of the 7 billionth

person about to join us, we're

joined by Professor Terry Hull,

Professor of demography in the

Australian demographic and

research institute. Terry Hull, thanks for joining us. My pleasure. Can the world sustain 7 billion people? It is sustaining 7 billion people and lit have to sustain 9 billion

people probably but it's

going to necessarily be a going to necessarily be a happy world doing this and world doing this and the pressure on resources will be

ever greater as not only are

there more people but their

demands are greater. So let's

just look at the implications

then, particularly in terms of

food security. With so much riding on those resources that are critical. Yes, well, food

security is partially a matter of productivity and partially of productivity and partially a

matter of distribution and we know that there is great inequality in the distribution

of food around the world and we

also know that efforts have

been made over the past few decades to ensure that decades to ensure that famines

are a thing of the past. We

have this slogan making or making poverty history and

that's what we've done as a

world community through the

United Nations to ensure that

where hunger does break out that there's intervention. The

real question is how long we

can keep up this kind of effort

if we have ever more people and if the environmental pressures

on food production reduce our

productivity. As we saw on that

graphic the high scenario as far far as population growth is

something between 14 and 15

billion, more than twice the

population we have now. What

would the environmental

challenges stemming from that sort

sort of population sort of population growth

be? That is a nightmare. That

is an absolute nightmare. We're dealing with difficult times

right now. Your previous story about Bangkok was showing the

difficulty that we have difficulty that we have with

major population areas which are undergoing massive environmental pressures

the type of urbanisation that

we've had and also the deforestation which leads to

greater run off. All of these kinds of things become kinds of things become our daily challenges. Thinking

about 14 billion people it's

just a night mare. Mao how can

you even begin to consider that? That's why that? That's why around the world governments have world governments have been

committed to reining in the

rates of population growth the two biggest populations of the world, China and India,

have been fairly successful have been fairly successful in

that. You mentioned China, it's been very aggressive, of

course, in trying to tackle

population growth there. How

successful has that one-child policy been? The one-child

policy is one of those strange

policy mixes that just reflect

the nature of the regime the nature of the regime more than any particular demographic imperative. women's fertility has fallen

when women have been given when women have been given the

power to control their own

fertility. In China the

Government put on top of that a regulation which forced regulation which forced women

to have fewer children than

they wanted. The question or

the debate that goes on in

China today is how can they

ensure that any relaxation of

the policy would not lead the policy would not lead to a rebound evidence that we have shows

that fertility in China, which

is now at around 1.5 is now at around 1.5 children

per woman on average, which per woman on average, which is lower than Australian

fertility, that fertility rate would not go up substantially if

if women were choosing their

own family size. And so own family size. And so that is one of the issues. The

one-child policy has brought

down fertility but it was done more by women's more by women's individual decisions in China than by the pressures of the pressures of the Government. And of course

another pressure brought to bear on this planet is not only the fertility rate but also the fact that people are

longer. Those two longer. Those two combined,

what sort of effect is that having both socially and

environmentally? It's having a big effect socially because we're having these we're having these debates

about the ageing population. about the ageing population. In

Europe there are many countries

now who are facing population declines and ageing population are calling for increased

fertility. The real question is

whether the ageing of the

population is as dire a problem

as many governments make it out to

to be. One of the things to be. One of the things that

bothers me intensely is the use

of the age 60 as the definition

of an ageing population. Now,

as a 64-year-old I'm finding it

hard to accept that I'm ageing and unproductive and dependent.

I want to see myself and my fellow baby boomers being productive well into their productive well into their 70s

and 80s. It is also a challenge

for governments to just get their mind around the issues

around demography when there

are so few demographer s

actually working in government

or advising them. We get a lot

of economists and we get politicians who have political science as their background but they know very little they know very little about demography. Professor Terry Hull, thanks very much. The deepening European financial

crisis is still causing jitters on global financial markets

despite a debt reform plan from European leaders at a summit European leaders at a summit in Brussels. Economists say the

potential for a second global

financial crisis is real and it

could be more like a depression than a recession. than a recession. Dr Stefan Oa

is a senior lecture ner in

University of Melbourne and said further steps will be

needed to address the

crisis. It is certainly not

that there will be many more

meetings needed to deal with

the ongoing crisis because the fundamental structural problems

within the Eurozone were not

addressed and perhaps couldn't

be addressed. The discrepancies

between the economies that are lagging lagging behind Germany like

Greece, Portugal, Spain, Italy

and those that are performing

better. The Eurozone created better. The Eurozone created a kind of 2-speed

Europeans are trying to

reconcile and that's been very

painful. For Greece to

its competitiveness the only

way out of the problem is to

get out of the Eurozone but to

be honest, that is an be honest, that is an option

that will also be very painful

and difficult to implement.

There are no legal instruments for any country of the Eurozone

to exit from the Eurozone in fact. It is in fact easier for a country to leave the European Union as such rather than the

Eurozone. So there are no Eurozone. So there are no easy solutions for What the Greek Government has

been trying to achieve is to restore competitiveness through internal variation which hasn't worked because people in Greece are not accepting it and I can similar problems will occur in

Italy, in Spain, Portugal. The International Criminal Court says it's in

informal contact with Moammar Gaddafi's son Saif Gaddafi's son Saif al-Islam

over his possible surrender. He

went on the run after forces

loyal to Libya's new rulers

captured and apparently killed

his father. Meanwhile several

hundred people have gathered in Tripoli's Martyr Square for

traditional prayers. It's the first prayer session since

victory was declared. There victory was declared. There was a light security during the prayers with only a

few armed personnel in Mart ar

square. Syrian security forces

have killed about 30 people during during mass prodess calls for

the downfall of President

Bashar al Assad's regime. The

deaths were mainly in Homs and

Hama. It's the highest death

toll in Weeks. Amateur video purports

purports to show thousands of

demonstrators asking for demonstrators asking for a

no-fly zone. The pictures can

not be independently verified

and the UN estimates the Government crackdown protestors killed 3,000 people

since March. Officials in

London have announced that London have announced that the High Court will rule on Wednesday whether the WikiLeaks

founder Julian Assange will be extradited to Sweden over allegations

allegations of rape and sexual

assault. He hasn't been charged

with any offence in Sweden with any offence in Sweden and denies the accusations which he

says are politically motivate ed. Lawyers for the 40-year-old Australian said his removal

would be unfair and unlawful.

He's been fighting extradition for months, his lawyers say if

he's sent to Sweden he risks

extradition to States to answer possible

charges concerning the leak of

US documents. Still in London, St

St Paul's cathedral has

reopened to the public after a

week of disruptions due to the anti-capitalist protest vrs who camped outside its doors. The

City of London Corporation has started

started legal action in an effort to evict the protestors.

There are around 200 tents still outside the cathedral.

For two weeks the tents have marked

marked the place where politics, protest and religion

St Paul's cathedral were open

for the first time in a week

after church officials had closed the institution citing

health and safety

think it's really unfortunate

that the church closed but it

was open for much of the

beginning of the protest and it's opening today which I

think shows that we aren't

really the reason why the

church closed. The cathedral's

chancellor resigned in protest

against his own church's

action. One of many

the way the whole issue has been church should stand for the

oppressed and the poor but my

red line on this issue was I

don't believe the church should

sanction any course of action

that could lead to violence against the that's not stopped plans for both the church and the City of London

London to start legal action to

evict the campers. The church

is a question of trespass, simple as that, it's simple as that, it's their

land, they want them off their

land and sadly, because of the

laws of today, having invited,

if they did invite somebody in,

you can't just get rid of them when you want . And there's

support in high

legal elbow out. I'm all in

favour of the freedom to

demonstrate but I don't quite

see why the freedom to

demonstrate has to include the

freedom to pitch a tent freedom to pitch a tent almost anywhere you

anywhere you want to. But lawyers said the courts lawyers said the courts could months to make a decision and

in the meantime the protestors say they will continue to

deliver their message against

excess and greed. While the

aims of the various protestors

here may vary they do share one

thing in common - thing in common - a determination to stay the course no matter what the authorities do.

A 6.9 magnitude earthquake has

has struck off the quoes of


as far away as the capital

Lima. It was centred south of

the coastal city of Ica where the coastal city of Ica where a

quake killed more than 500

people in 2007. However people in 2007. However damage from this quake appears to be

minor with early reports of

poor mobile phone poor mobile phone signals,

isolated power outages and minor road blocked by debris.

The search forfor survivors and

bodies is continuing in Turkey. The death toll has now

570. 187 people have been

rescued following the

earthquake. The latest to be

brought out alive from the

rubble was a 13-year-old boy

who was trapped for 5 days. The

boy was trapped under piles boy was trapped under piles of concrete in a collapsed building.

We will come back to those

earthquakes in a moment. But

first it's been rumoured for weeks but it's finally

official, the White confirmed the President of the

United States will visit Darwin

next month. It might only be a

whirlwind stopover but it's got

plenty of Territorians excited.

From the Oval Office to the

Top End, the world's Top End, the world's most

powerful man is coming to Darwin. The US President will

touch down in the city on

November 17 after visiting the nation's capital before. He has to go to

Canberra but he's chosen to

come to Darwin. Darwin come to Darwin. Darwin above

any other city in Australia. Now

Now that's not a bad

coup. Australia and

joint war games in the Top joint war games in the Top End and the President will pay

tribute to the ANZUS alliance

and remember those who fell

during the bombing of Darwin. We both made great sacrifices in Darwin and in sacrifices in Darwin and in the Harbour and I know that the

President wants to honour that

memory. Barack Obama's Top End schedule is a can't tell you what the

President's going to do. But

there's no secret about what

locals think he should do. They

see some of the crocodile parks

and go out bar a fishing. The President's done some pretty dangerous things. I've seen him

out on the bowling ally during

the campaign trail. Once you've

been willing to bowl on camera you can't knock anything

out. But a croc jumping tour is

probably out of the question.

It's the first time a serving US President

created a significant dilemma. This is the big $24,000 question at the moment

is what does the Territory give

to the President of to the President of the United States. I'm open to States. I'm open to ideas. I look forward to the administrator of the Northern

Territory presenting him with a

pair of thongs with the Territory coat of arms

emblazeden op them. A gift that

might not get past the secret

service. While everyone in service. While everyone in the Northern Territory is excited,

our North America correspondent

Lisa Millar says President raised many eyebrows in raised many eyebrows in the

White House media rooms just yet. I passed on to them some

of the comments that I've read

in the Australian

including that comparison by some tourism bosses who

suggested that it was the equivalent of visiting

Washington and Kansas without

going to New York which got a few laughs at the White House today. But they today. But they realise that

this is part of this miltary connection, that it is an important stop of them didn't even know where Darwin was but they also point

out that there's a long way before the President gets

there. He's going to the G 20 there. He's going to the G 20

in meeting in France next week,

then he goes to then he goes to the Hawaii for

the important leaders meeting

and only then does he head on

to Australia and does Canberra

first and

first and then of course

Darwin. So in the world of the White House it's a long way

down the track, no-one's really

thinking of it at the moment but they're certainly going to

be learning a whole lot more about Darwin than any of them

new before hand. Let's just

return to our story on earthquakes we seem to be seeing many more

deadly earthquakes around the

world. We're joined by senior seismologist with Geoscience

Australia Mark Leonard. In fact

we were expecting Mark Leonard

from Canberra. There we go,

Mark, thank you for joining us,

having a few technical problems

this morning. Gool - good

morning. Hi, thanks for being

with us. We've obviously seen major

major earthquakes this year

certainly in Japan, Turkey, New

Zealand, is

impression that there are impression that there are more

deadly earthquakes or is there

some scientific evidence there is more deadly earthquakes happening at the

going through a period of more

humans being impacted, dying or being made homeless by earthquakes but that's more to do with we've had a lot of bad luck in where luck in where earthquakes occur. New Zealand occur. New Zealand gets plenty of big earthquakes but it's the first time they've had first time they've had one directly under a city directly under a city for a very long elsewhere. Most earthquakes tend to occur where they don't really had some big earthquakes but they tend to - the last few very big earthquakes in California have been out in the

desert so haven't done a amount of damage compared to what they would do if they were directly under a major city. How does Australia rate? Obviously we've had some fairly minor earthquakes back in 1989 there was the Newcastle earthquake which did claim lives, how safe is Australia in terms of its relatively safe. You know, we're a big continent with a small population so when we small population so when we do get big earthquakes it's fairly unusual for us to have damage. We have had earthquakes almost as big as the earthquake, Tennant Creek back in the late '90s, there were some off the coast of WA about 15 years ago. The town of Mekring in the wheat belt east of Perth back in 1969. But generally we've been pretty lucky. Newcastle was unlucky, it was generally when we get the big earthquakes they don't tend to be under a city. Scientists

know about them and they might

make the media for a day but

very few people in Australia

die from earthquakes. In terms

of the science of of the science of predicting earthquakes, is that progressing? Obviously progressing? Obviously it's

very difficult to predict where

and when the next e. Is and when the next e. Is - earthquake is going the hit but

is that science improving? Not

really. There's a lot really. There's a lot of people

make ing some research progress there think it's at least 50 or 100

years and it may just never be

possible to predict. In possible to predict. In terms of saying it will be this

within this sort of one day within this sort of one day or one-week period, you one-week period, you know,

we're decades or more away. Has

in the probabilities in the next 100 years we might expect

an earthquake of this size but

in terms of saying there will

be an earthquake on this day or week or month we're decades away, maybe 100

governments around the world

are doing enough to warn people

and perhaps prepare for a major earthquake? Well the best you

can do at the moment

prepare, is have your building codes appropriate to your

earthquake risk and make sure

you've got emergency response

levels and, yeah, I think most

Western countries do a good job

of that. I mean of that. I mean the New

Zealanders have done a

fantastic job with the Christchurch. When it hits

countries like Haiti it's just, the effects are just devastating. Alright, Mark Leonard from Leonard from Geoscience Australia, thanks very much. You're welcome. Chile's government has issued

alerd and ordered the e vack waition of residents within 40

kilometres of a volcano. The country's interior minister

says he was not ruling out the possibility of an eruption. The Hudson Hudson volcano lies nearly 2,000 kilometres south of

Chile's capital Santiago. It last huge damage to local farms and

killing an estimated 1.5 million sheep. Taking a look the weather satellite

the weather satellite image. A

band of cloud across the band of cloud across the centre

extending south across much

extending south across much of Victoria is bringing rain and

storms across parts of WA, SA, NSW and Victoria. Around the

States - Queensland will be

mostly dry in the north and east with some isolated storms

west of the ranges. Isolated

showers and thunderstorms over the Cape Yorke Peninsula. Showers and storms developing

in the south and west of NSW shifting to central and eastern

districts during the day. Showers also in Victoria clearing from the west the afternoon. the afternoon. Isolated

thunderstorms possible over the

east. Showers also in Tasmania,

falling as snow across the

peaks. In South Australia light

showers in the showers in the south of the State with the chance of a

thunderstorm in the north. It

will be warm and mostly dry in Western Australia with showers

and storms scattered across the

central interior. And for the

Top End, showers storms with possible hail in

the Alice. Isolated showers in

the north. And looking ahead to


The top stories from ABC News - Commonwealth leaders meeting in Perth have agreed to end discrimination against British Prime Minister David Cameron says they will change the rules of succession that

mean a first-born daughter

mean a first-born daughter is

prevented from becoming queen

if she has if she has a younger brother. Me says the 16 countries who

have the Queen as head of State

have agreed to a-amend have agreed to a-amend their

lawyers. Qantas has waurned the airline's operations could airline's operations could be

slashed by 50 Federal Court and thousands of jobs lost if the

industrial dispute continues

into next year. Unions are

considering their next course

of action in the bitter dispute costing $15 million a week. The unions

unions are are furious over a decision to award CEO Alan

Joyce a $2 million pay

Joyce a $2 million pay rise. Authorities in Bangkok are bracing for a bracing for a worsening flood emergency today with high tides expected to breach the expected to breach the flood walls of the city's main river.

As many as a million people expected to As many as a million people are

expected to flee the city after

the government declared a 5-day

holiday in preparation for the

crisis. The Thai Red Cross

Society says emergency supplies

are urgently needed. The head

of the Eurozone's bailout fund

has travelled to Beijing investment in the

investment in the scheme. China

has signalled it's willingness

to pay about $90 billion into

the fund helping Eurozone

countries to face debt problems

in the future. European leaders

are under increasing pressure

to finalise the details of the plan. The first time astronomers have captured

images of a new planet forming

around a star. LKCA 15 B is

about 450 light years from

Earth and is also the youngest

planet discovered. scientists haven't been able to

see the forming of new plan

etedet. Scientists were able to

cancel out the star light. Dr

Ireland joins me now Ireland joins me now in the

studio to talk about the discovery and shed some light

on the process. In fact you might just explain how this all works for this time in the

morning on a Saturday. Thanks

for joining us. Thank you. Just explain to us then how you actually came actually came to discover this planet. So we used the Kak telescope in Hawaii. We used this special technique called

ap chur masking which basically

enables us to see faint things

next to bright things. So we detected the light from this

planet which is glowing red hot

from its formation. Is this a matter of taking what average person using a

telescope and looking at it,

it's about different visible to the naked eye? This is infra-red is infra-red light. The planet's at least about 1,000

degrees. So if you drive a

truck down the mountain the truck down the mountain the

brakes are that hot. If you

drop an entire planet on top of

itself it stays hot for

millions of years. We see the

infra-red light that all things

give off here. Was this a slow realisation that you'd actually

found a new planet? We were

very excited on the first very excited on the first night in 2009 but then more and more complicated. We

didn't just see a single dot of

light, we saw other material

around the planet which we

think is still forming think is still forming it. It took us more than a year to

collect enough day - day

ta. These are gas planets, they're not the typical planet we would know like Earth or Mars which are rock planets. The easier planets to

detect are the Jupiter And for direct detection they

have to be very young in order

to still see them glowing. But

this is the closest young

planet we've found around a

solar type star. The others are much further out. When you much further out. When you say young, what's the age we're

talking about? We're talking 2

to 3 million years. Which in

astronomical terms is very

young. It's a baby. Its is still coming from its gravitational contraction, that

is the star not just nuclear burning. What are the implications for

sorts of planets? Does it give

rise and perhaps the theory

that there are earth-like planets out there

somewhere? Absolutely, and

seeing a diversity of planets

really tells us that all solar

systems are not like our own

and our own may in fact be

special for only being as big

as it is. This particular solar

system will end up being very

much larger than our own and

that will have implications for

how many Comets hit earth around system million years into the

future. Is there a likelihood we will discover a so-called

Earth-like planet. They talk about the

about the gold Goldilocks

planet. We will certainly know

how many Earth-like planet

there's are around from a

mission from the Kepler satellite but these are much

more distant stars and this is

an indirect detection

mechanism. You need very expensive space missions to directly an Earth-like planet. 20 an Earth-like planet. 20 years time maybe. Michael Ireland from Macquarie University, thanks for coming in. Thank

you. Well the shores of Lake

burly - Griffin have been named

in the national trust list as

the 10 at risk sites. It's at odds with Walter Burley Griffin's original vision for

the capital. It's the focal point of the city and point of the city and an

integral part of the original

blueprint for Canberra but the National Trust says Griffin's foreshore is at

risk. It's this loss of the

visual corridors that this lake

has. The organisation has. The organisation says there are various pressures on

the open spaces around the particularly in the central and

west basins. Especially

concerned about concerned about plans for two new memorials at Rond Terrace

at the bottom of Anzac Parade

and how that would impair the

vista of the war memorial to the parliamentary zone. These structures will structures will visually

detract from that view. It will

not be an uncluttered the lake's inclusion on the

list is disappointing and surprising because there is a heritage management plan heritage management plan in

place for the lake. It's one of

the challenges to all cities around the world how one

continues to let it grow, continues to let it grow, change, evolve and still

preserve those things that

people hold dear. Another area

of concern for the national

trust is the redevelopment at

new Acton and in particular a

high density building but high density building but the

entire precinct underwent full independent assessment was assessment. The final assessment was there was not a

significant impact on significant impact on heritage

values of the lake or in fact

near bshling buildings. The National Trust is pushing for

better protection of better protection of the entire lake. We would particularly

like to see a national heritage

listing for the lake. Also on

the National Trust heritage at

risk list the Burnie paper mill

in Tasmania, doesens of historic pubs and the Coorong and lower Murray lakes in South Australia.

Australia. Time for sport with

doing well in South Africa, the

one-day side in the cricket,

they are the number one side they are the number one side in

the world so I guess is it a surprise they've done that well? Not a surprise, I think

they deserved to win this

series. I think they've been

the better team over the course

of the 3 matches, the big test

is how they do in the Test

siries. Australia has defeated

South Africa to win the third and deciding one-day

international in Durban. Shane

Watson saw Australia off Watson saw Australia off to a

quick start in the run chase before Mike Hussey took The South African opening pair

put on 58 runs Doherty had Graeme Smith caught

in the deep. Jacques Kallis again starred for the Proteas before Doherty struck again.

Shane Watson opened the

innings for Australia innings for Australia the only

way he knows how but he fell one run short of that elusive

half-century. Got him, inside

edge on to the

Michael Clarke and Shaun Michael Clarke and Shaun Marsh

both fell to the bowling of JP

Duminy before Hussey strode to

the crease and the man of the series guided the team home

with an unbeaten 45. The

Kangaroos have defeated New

Zealand in their opening Four

Nations rugby league match in

New Zealand. They scored 5

tries to 2 in taking the 26-12.

Win appeared to be on the verge

of replicating the big win over

the Kiwis in Newcastle a

fortnight ago and the score

line was 16-0 at half the reigning champions sprung

to life after the break.

The Kangaroos hit back

through Darius Boyd and Aquila

Uate and held on for the win

with further matches against

England and Wales to come. Brisbane Roar's hot

streak has reached stunning streak has reached stunning new

rights. They've beaten Adelaide United 7-1 while travel to headache on the Heart. The reigning premier

went 1-0 down early on but the Roar began an incredible

scoring spree. Hen reek slotted the penalty and then Berisha

turned on his best.

The Roar led The Roar led 5-1 at half time

as Berisha notched up his

fourth af the break. Issey Nakajima continued the

rout. Gelding Manawanui will

start favourite this afternoon. Glynn Schofield will partner

the horse and it's a step up in

distance with the race to be run over 2,500 metres.

Manawanui scored a win over

2,040 metres at Moonee 2,040 metres at Moonee Valley

last weekend but question marks remain over his staying

capabilities. The 3-year-old

ees's only loss this sphringe

was to Helmet earlier this month. Ireland's thrashed Australia by a record 44 points

in the first international

rules test at Docklands. The

visitors led at every break to

post the biggest winning margin

in series history. Ireland got

away to a blazing start with a goal and 5 overs goal and 5 overs in the first quarter. The visitors had an

18-point lead at the first change and extended it at half time. Australian highlights were

hard to find as the Irishmen

ended up with 4 goals to 1. The

second Test will be played the Gold Coast next Friday.

Switching now to tennis, Sam Stosur is through to the semifinals of the WTA championships in Istanbul. The Australian devoied China's Li

Na and will play Petra Kvitova after she disposed of Poland's Agnieska Radwanska in straight

sets to win the red group.

Stosur is now 1-1. 6 meetings against the French against the French champion who appeared listless. The match taking just 66 minute and

Stosur happy with her form

heading into the last four.

Hopefully making it last year

is going to help me. I've

learnt a lot from all of my previous experiences this year

so hopefully tomorrow will be

no different. Kvitova was om ominous in her win ominous in her win over

Radosavljevic. Mote or sport

now and Alonso was fastest

after practice for norm's

Indian grand prix. Despite a

wobbling front win wing he was

quickest over two sessions

while Mark Webber was third in

the opening session but only managed 5th in the second

practice round. Lewis Hamilton,

he was given a 2-place grid

penalty meaning he can't penalty meaning he can't claim a second consecutive poll

positions. I 2008 champion and Serge Sergio

Perez ignored double waving

flags warning them their

consider was being recovered by marshals close to the track.

Qualifying is later today. And

in the NBA the lockout has been

extended until 30 November.

Thanks very much. A quick

check of the capitals city


And standby now for quarters. You are watching ABC News 24.