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ABC News (Sydney) -

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Haupting reflection, harsh

reality. America confronts its

darkest day. There's still an

enemy out there that would like

to inflict the same kind of damage again. Australia

remembers 9/11, too, and

worries that it might be

next. This is a fight for all

of us. It's not just a fight

for a few. Brainwave. A

radical new way to diagnose

mental illness. And falling

down on the job. Roger

Federer's US Open hat trick.

Good evening. Juanita

Phillips with ABC News. In 2001, George W. Bush stood in

the rubble of New York's Twin

Towers, trying to reassure an

anxious, wounded nation that the United States would win the

war on terrorism. Today, the

President returned to Ground

Zero as America steeled itself

for the fifth anniversary of

the September 11 attacks. Mr

Bush has promised to never

forget the lessons of that day.

At the same time, though,

there's fierce debate about

whether his response to 9/11

has made the US a safer or more

dangerous place to live. The

ABC's North America

correspondent Mark Simkin

reports from New York. George

W. Bush returned to the place

that changed his country and defined his presidency. It was

a moment of quiet reflection,

so different to his words and

actions on this spot just over

five years ago. I can hear you!

The rest of the world hears

CHEERING AND APPLAUSE you! And the people ...

And the people who knocked

these buildings down will hear

all of us soon. CHEERING AND APPLAUSE

The anniversary of the

terrorist attacks is tomorrow

American time. But the

commemorations have already

begun. At Shanksville

Pennsylvania, where Flight 93

went down, at the Pentagon in

Washington and at Ground Zero

in New York. For those who lost

loved ones when the planed

slammed into the World Trade

Center, the anniversary is

painful. This has all been put

back on us again. It's like,

you know, it's like if your

wife died in a car crash and

someone just kept showing you

the video over and over and

over again. Even for the

tourists, it's an emotional

time and place. These ... these

people over here reading the stories of the people that were

lost, it just hit me. I have

children of my own. Late in

the day George W. Bush paid a

visit to the fire station next

to Ground Zero. He vowed never

to forget what he said were the

lessons of 9/11. There's still an enemy out there that would

like to inflict the same kind

of damage again, and so

tomorrow is also a day of

renewing resolve. The people

here just aren't reflecting on

the past, they're worrying

about the future and the

possibility of another terror

attack. There is debate on

whether the war on Iraq has

made America safer or put it

more at risk. Osama bin Laden

is still on the loose. This

previously unreleased footage

was apparent ly filmed before

the attacks. A newspaper report

says the al-Qaeda leader's

trail has gone stone cold, and

the commandos hunting him

haven't had a credible lead in

years. We'd state actively and

aggressively involved in the

hunt for bin Laden from the

very beginning. Half a deck

aid after an event that killed

nearly 3,000, the US Secretary

of State says the country is

safer, but not yet totally

safe. Australia, too, is

remembering, with the Prime Minister declaring that

Australians are safer today

because the country is better

prepared for a terrorist

attack. But Mr Howard's warned

Australians not to be

complacent, and he's told the

ABC's 'Four Corners' program

that he is worried about young

Australian Muslim men being

recruited for terrorism. The

Prime Minister, the defence and

foreign ministers, the

Opposition Leader and Chief of

Defence all made time to stand

with the new American

Ambassador to remember. (Bag

pipes play) It happened on the

other side of the world, but

since September 11 the

government has spent an extra

$8 billion on national

security. Intelligence agency ASIO's staff numbers have

jumped a massive 80%, but are

Australians safer? We're safer

in the sense that we are now

taking precautions against

something which didn't --

we didn't think ways a a threat

five years ago. Terrorists only

have to get lucky once, we have

to get lucky every

day. Australians are at risk

abroad, not inside the

country. The Iraq war was a

serious mistake. On the risk

of home-grown terrorism, the

Prime Minister has expanded on

his view that a small group in the Muslim community doesn't

share Australian values, and

has hostile attitudes. John

Howard has told 'Four Corners'

he is concerned about young

Australian Muslim men becoming

radicals. I worry that that

might happen. I worry that

particular elements might have

that influence, yes. I'm not

... um ... necessarily saying

that they are only religious

figures. There may be some

non-religious figures as well.

Do you have any information to

that effect? I get lots of

information which you

understand I can't talk about.

Kim Beazley says the government should require anyone applying

for a visa to sign up to

Australian values. The Prime

Minister can do these things

and he's got to stop

pussyfooting about it. Next September many of the world's

leaders will be in Sydney for

APEC. With much of central

Sydney locked down for the

summit the Prime Minister has

revealed that a special public

holiday could be

declared. There will be some

dislocation. Dislocation the

business lobby says will cost over half a billion dollars in lost trade. The Foreign Affairs Minister

has paid tribute to an

Australian citizen assassinated

at the weekend while serving as a provincial governor in

Afghanistan. Hakim Taniwal was

killed by a suicide bomber

outside his office in Paktia

Province. Mr Taniwal had been

planning to return to Australia

within the next few months.

The Melbourne Afghan community

is mourning the death of Hakim

Taniwal, a professor of

sociology and a father of

seven. It appears he was assassinated today at

approximately 1325 local time.

Mr Taniwal was the governor of

Paktia when he was killed by a

suicide bomber on the

weekend. I can't understand

what kind of people these are,

who are killing people who work

for them. I would like to

extend our condolences to his

family in Melbourne. Mr

Taniwal settled in Australia in

the 1990s, after fleeing

Afghanistan and Pakistan. In

2002, he returned to work in

the new Afghan government as a

minister for social welfare and

employment. In an interview

just months later, he explained

he was already diplomatically dealing with warring families

in the province of Khost. If

that's true, why are his people --

why are his people in the

governor's residence and you

are in a guesthouse? Because we have people paicial enough not

to do it with bloodshed.

Zmarak Taniwal said his father

was planning to return to

Australia because of increased

violence in Afghan. He was very

positive till the end of last

year, but this year, because

there were more suicide

bombings happening. Mr

Taniwal's sons hope to fly to

Afghanistan later this week to

farewell their father, who will

be buried outside a university

he helped establish. He left a

great name behind. He will live

on in people's heart as well.

A memorial service will be held

in Melbourne on Wednesday. The Dianne Brimble inquest

resumed today, with evidence

from a security guard who was

working on board the 'Pacific

Sky' the night she died. He

told the inquest he saw one of

the eight men of interest

taking what he thought was

ecstasy, and another of the men

has admitted he wasn't entirely

truthful with police. Dianne

Brimble's mother, Betty Wood,

attended the inquest for the

first time today, supported by

her daughter, she listened

intently as a police interview

with curb --

Ryan Kuchel was played to the

court. He was one of the men

who occupied the cabin where

Mrs Brimble died. He said she

tried to drag him on to the

dance floor but he rejected her

and went to bed.

Mr Kuchel said he left the

cabin for a few hours and when

he came back there were doctors

there.

Security guard Daniel Wells

also gave evidence. He said he

saw another one of the eight

men, lows low lows give what

looked like an ecstasy tablet

to Peter Pantic.

Mr Wells reported what he

had seen to police on board,

but wasn't formally interviewed

until four years later. The

inquest into Mrs Brimble's

death is now in its sixth week

of evidence. In the coming

days, seven witnesses are

expected to be called to

testify, including Dragan Losic

and Peter Pantic. A public

memorial service for Steve Irwin will take place next

week, possibly at Brisbane's

Lang Park football stadium. The

Crocodile Hunter's best friend

and his father say planning for

the event is well under way.

They've also revealed details

of the private funeral held at

the weekend. The 44-year-old's

body was laid to rest on

Saturday, five days after he

was killed by a stingray while

filming off Far North

Queensland. Because Steve loved

the bush so much, and yarning

around the camp fire, The

service was held just like he

would've wanted. Police are

now helping the family organise

the public memorial in

Brisbane. It's got to be an

exciting and fun thing, you

know, 'cause that's the sort of

man he was. He was just 100

miles an hour, and you know, he

just loved everyone and loved

wildlife. The service will be held next Tuesday or Wednesday.

For the first time, drivers

with e-tags can use all four

southbound toll gates on the Sydney Harbour Tunnel. Previously one of the four

gates was cash only, but that

changed today. The plan is to

eventually make the tunnel

cash-free. Cashless travel will

also be introduced on a Sydney

bus service next month. 16

pre-pay buses will run the

city-Bondi route. The

Independent Commission Against

Corruption has been told that

two old mates conspired to

defraud State Government

agencies of hundreds of

thousands of dollars. Damon

Job, who held a senior position

within the RTA, is accused of

giving contracts to a traffic

control company owned by his

long-time friend Terry Stepto .

It's claimed money was paid for

work that was never done. Mr

Job received payments from Mr

Stepto but said they were gifts

an not linked to any

involvement in the scheme. The

inquiry is expected to hear

evidence that a similar plan

was used to defraud RailCorp.

Trifts neighbours's largest

water recycling scheme have

begun with a promise it will

save 7 billion litres of

Sydney's drinking water every

year. It will feed the massive

BlueScope Steel mill in Port

Kembla. I'm very proud to flick

the button on ... The State

Government has spent $215

million to cut the water

consumption of one of its

thirstiest customers. BlueScope

Steel will save 7 billion litres of water a year,

precious drinking water. From

now on the company will pump up

to 20 million litres of water a

day from the sewage treatment

works next door. That's 20

Meggo litres a day that

would've otherwise coming out

of Avon Dam. With water

increasingly scarce, and

Australia among the three

largest water consumers in the world, industry has been

looking to reduce fresh water consumption. The final

commissioning of this water

recycling plant was delayed for

a year because firefighters

were so concerned about the

safety of the water. Recently,

they lifted their ban on

fighting fires at the steel

works, after assurances their

health wouldn't suffer if they

were exposed to the recycled

water. What people should

understand is that water which

is flushed down in the kitchen

and whatever we do within our

household, it's really 99%

clean water. Environmental

scientists are among those

pushing for greater water

recycling, saying it should go

well beyond a few industries,

and watering golf courses, and

that households should change

their negative perceptions of

its use in the home.

It's considered the most

severe of mental illnesses,

afflicting more than a quarter

of a million Australians. And

until now, one of the most

difficult things about treating

schizophrenia has been

identifying just who will go on

to develop it. Now, Melbourne

researchers have made a

breakthrough in diagnosing the

disease by testing the brain's

chemistry. Sophie Scott has the

details. A psychotic episode

can signal the part of a

lifelong battle with mental

illness. For others, it's a one-off event. Australian

scientists say for the first

time, they can predict which

one it will be. We can show

changes that are quite subtle

but nevertheless have very

strong predictive value for how

people will do. Researchers at

the University of Melbourne put

patient who had a psychotic

episode through scans which

measure brain chemicals. After

comparing the images with

medical records, they found

everyone with low levels of a

particular brain chemical went

on to develop schizophrenia. What this lets

us do, perhaps, is to tailor

treatment to an individual

patient. So what one patient

receives would be quite

different to another one. This

is something we have never been

able to do in psychiatry

before. At the moment doctors

know patients who are young and

male are more likely to

progress from psychosis to

schizophrenia, but using the

brain scan information means

doctors don't have to wait and

see. It can be very assuring to

a patient to hear that they're

in a lower risk group if you

like for a poor outcome.

Researchers are looking at

whether supplements including

fish oil and vitamin B can

improve a patient's chances of

recovery.

Tonight's top story -

America prepares to mark the

fifth anniversary of the

September 11 attacks. And still

to come - why timing was

everything for one of the

Second World War's Great

Escapes.

The meatworks that made

national headlines over claims

it abused the new workplace

legislation has gone into

liquidation. About 200 workers

are affected. They're hoping

the administrator will find a

new buyer who will keep the

Cowra business going. The

corporate watchdog is also

investigating whether laws were

broken when almost $2 million

was moved out of the company

just before it collapsed. The

sacked workers voted

unanimously to wind up the

company so they can get access

to their minimum federally

guaranteed redundancy

payment. It's a nes evil, I suppose --

it's a necessary evil. We'll

end up with crumbs. The

abattoir is one of a group of

companies and workers were told

that almost $2 million was

loaned from the abattoir to

assist a --

to a sister company and never

repaid. That's money that

could've kept the abattoir

operating or at least pay out the entitlements of the

employees. The administrator

found the company may also have

been trading while in-Sol ventd. The Australian Securities and Investments Commission will determine

whether any laws have been

broken. The Prime Minister says

the latest developments prove

his WorkChoice laws had little

to do with the

collapse. Companies have lost

money, gone broke and

retrenched workers under every

IR system this nation has had

since Federation. There is no

doubting Cowra has been hit

hard by the abattoir's collapse. It was the town's

biggest employer. Some of the

meat workers have found it relatively easy to find

employment, but many haven't.

Some are now travelling two

hours each way to work at

abattoirs out of town. Workers

hope the Cowra Abattoir will

reopen under a new owner but

the administrator isn't too

confident. We're dealing with a

real-world situation here. We

have people who we believe are

genuine buyers. As to whether

they proceed along - down the

line of purchasing, I can't

comment. Potential buyers have

until the end of the month to submit an offer.

ABC journalists have voted

to take industrial action in

the largest strike ballot yet

under the Federal Government's

WorkChoices legislation. Secret

postal ballots were sent out to

all journalist union members as

part of a campaign for better

pay and conditions. 70% of

members returned their ballots.

90% of those voted for industrial action. On to

finance now. And the share

market slumped today, as

resource stocks reacted to

falling commodity prices. The All Ordinaries index

dropped 1.4% today to below

5,000. Which is where it was in

late August, late July, late

June and late May. In other

words the share market has

marked time for nearly five

months. Today's falls were

mostly concentrated among

resource stocks. Big ones like

BHP Billiton, Rio Tinto and

Woodside, which all fell by

more than 3%, as well as

smaller ones such as hard man

resource, Tap Oil, Lihir Gold

and Oxiana. Coles Myer produced

the biggest rise as speculators

bet that its private equity

stalkers would try again soon.

But the wave of selling was

sparked by tumbling commodity

prices. The oil price tell 275%

today. Gold has slumped nearly

$15 an ounce or 2.5% to below

600 for the first time since

June. And metal prices all fell

in London on Friday. There has

been a significant shift in

sentiment as well which I can

illustrate with this graph. It

shows the oil price and the

share price of Woodside

Petroleum since the start of

the year. Up to May, Woodside's

share price was tracking

optimistically above the oil

price. The yellow shaded area

is the optimism. But for the

past two months Woodside has

been lagging as investors have

become pessimistic about the

future price of oil. The grey

area is the pessimism, and it's

getting rather wide and deep.

The good news, though, is that

the petrol price is also

collapsing. In the latest week,

the national average price fell

3.6 cents. The biggest fall in

nearly three years. And finally

feeling steeply except against the Australian dollar is also

the yen. The trade weighted

index is at its lowest point

since mid June, terrific news for exporters.

Danny Buderus is set to miss

the rest of his club's NRRL

finals campaign. Buderus is

facing a five week suspension

and he isn't the only the star

player who will miss the second week of the finals. week of the finals.

The NRL judiciary has come

down hard on spear tackles this

season and for this hit on

Manly's Michael Robertson,

Danny Buderus is set for an

early offseason. The Knights

will have to decide by tomorrow

morning if they'll challenge

the charge ahead of their clash

with Brisbane on Saturday night

at the Sydney Football Stadium.

The club is hoping the hooker's

record of never being suspended

in 10 years of first grade will

help reduce the ban. You'd like

to think the judiciary will

take that into consideration

when they see him on Wednesday

night. St George has some

serious problems of of its own

ahead of Friday night's match

against Manly with sister centre Mark Gasnier ruled out

with a hip injury. It wouldn't

be fair to go in half fit. You

couldn't keep up to the other

guys' standards. The Sydney

Swans flocked to the pool

today, still flying high after

Saturday's win over West Coast. With a clean bill of health on

the injury front, Michael

O'Loughlin's faceoff with the

opposition supporters when he

kicked the winning goal was the

only point of concern. We

certainly don't promote it at

the footy club, but there's a

few - I'm led to believe there

is a few things that happened

that Mick wasn't too happy

about. Sydney will host either

Fremantle or Melbourne in a

grand final qualifier on Friday

week at the Olympic stadium. No

such luck for the Wallabies,

who arrived home today from another unsuccessful

Tri-Nations trip to South

Africa. We're not far off the

it right for the World money. We have 12 months to get

Cup. With the World Cup in

mind, captain George Gregan says he is leaning towards

skipping the end of season

next year. European tour to freshen up for

Rorj jer Federer has won his

third consecutive US Open

championship, beating American

Andy Roddick in the final. It

was the world No. 1's ninth

career Grand Slam. Along with

the Australian and Wimbledon

titles, his third major this

year.

Roger Federer's ninth career

Grand Slam title came with his

usual array of sublime ground

strokes. The 25-year-old had

promised a fellow world No. 1 a

show to savour from the

players' box but after teeing

off and effectively subduing

the pro Roddick crowd in the

first, the Swiss didn't have it

all his own way. It was pacy

court coverage he hoped would disrupt Federer's

concentration. An upset win

looked on as the American

matched Federer's second set

ferocious ness. 2003 champion

Roddick stuck with his game

plan, both held long, difficult

service games midway through

the third. But Federer had

steadied. He powered away to

break Roddick in the 12th game

of the third. And shut it out

6-1 in the fourth. His 10th win

in 11 starts against Roddick,

with 69 outright winners. I'm

really happy to see him back at

the very, very top. It's always

a great joy to play against

him. (APPLAUSE) Michael Schumacher's 90th Grand Prix

win wasn't as much about his

driving skill as it was about

his future. All the talk about

his retirement, he said "I

don't want any distractions."

The home victory sparked wild

scenes of celebration among the

Ferrari faithful, and some

knowing gestures from

Schumacher's team before the

announcement. At the end of

this year ... I've decided

together with the team ... that

... I'm going to retire from

racing. Schumacher's title

chances improved after the exit

of championship leader Fernando

Alonso, whose fuming Renault

when in third place matched his

mood. The successful defence of

his Singapore Open trophy came

down to just one shot for

Australia's Adam Scott. Ernie

Els slipped up and Scott

pounlsed with exquisite touch

from the rough. On the third

hole of sudden death, the

world's No. 6 had two putts to

win and needed just one. The

Kookaburras are well placed for

a semifinal berth at the hock

ree Cup but were less than

impressive in their win over

Japan. The Australians have six

penalty corners and 15 shots

from open play yet managed only

three goals to one. With two

group games remaining Australia

is second to New Zealand and

only narrowly ahead of Pakistan

and Spain. It's a timely

reminder of one of the most

daring break-outs from a German

prison camp during the Second

World War. As we go to air, a

watch worn by one of the

prisoner s who helped in 'The Great Escape'' is going under

the hammer in Sydney. It's just

a watch, but its owner had

plenty of time on his hands.

Clive nutting was a British

soldier captured at Dunkirk in

1940 and locked up in Poland.

He wasn't directly involved in

'The Great Escape'', but he did

lend a hand. He was a boot

maker. They used the material

to make civilian clothes and

shoes for those who went on the

escape. He even made his own illustration of the tunnel

shortly after the escape. What

are you doing with my coat,

made? The film 'The Great

Escape' captured the daring break-out in Hollywood

style. He watched it and loved

it and always laughed at Steve

McQueen antics. In the film the

cast wore watches. The Germans

actually confiscate ed the

prisoners' watches. He wrote to

Corporal Nutting telling him

"You must not even think think

of is thelement during the

war." When Clive nutting did

pay in 1948, the price was ?15,

for an Oyster 3525. Rolex was

supplying a low grade model

called the Speedking. How did

the mere Corporal Nutting get

the Ois fer? I have no idea. We

have the watch, the we have the

letters from the man who

founded Rolex. Mr Nutting

Senior died five years ago. His

son John figures there's no

time like the present to sell

the watch and the

documentation. I'd like to end

up somewhere where the memory

and the actual watch are

valued. At something more than

?15!

Quite a bit more. We've just

heard the watch and package

have been sold for $65,000. The

buyer is a local from Sydney.

You don't have to wear

something quite that expensive,

as long as it's waterproof,

Mike Bailey? Depending on

exactly where you are!

Wet September rolls on, but

it's mostly dry inland. Strong

winds have whipped up help vee

seas and brought Sydney six

days of rain over the first 11

of this month. The city remains

just over halfway for breaking

any records for the month of September. Suburbs further west

have recorded some falls but

the heaviest rain has been on

the coast for the Sydney region

and the Hunter and Illawarra.

Temperatures today were

higher than those for the

weekend in Sydney. But still a

degree below average when that

top of 19 in the city was

record the. Right now, --

recorded. Right now, it's 1.8

below the average. The winds

still a little gusty and the

pressure still rising. It has

been wet along the coast today

but generally dry inland once

more.

But rain the big talking

point in the areas where it's

fallen. For the 24 hours to 9

this morning, the focus moved

to the Far North Coast with

Ballina the top score at 104

mm.

Around the nation and away

from Sydney:

Cloud still swirling around

a trough up in the north of New

South Wales and into the south

east of Queensland. It's being

fed by moist air around a high

pressure cell and more rain is

expected in that region. In

fact, the rainfall projections

very much again favouring the

coast and nearby ranges

tomorrow, north from the Illawarra. Also a bit of a

change moving in from the west,

affecting Perth. Some showers

there along with Sydney and

Brisbane. To New South Wales in

detail: a strong wind warning

remains current for coastal

waters north from Broken Bay.

The further outlook, as we

get through the showers

tomorrow, it's expected to be

fine for much of the next week.

Some early fog patches of

course on Wednesday. Thanks for

that, Mike. Before we go, a

look back at the stories making

headlines tonight. America is

preparing to remember one of

the darkest chapters in its

history, on the fifth

anniversary of the 9/11

terrorist attacks. And John

Howard says Australia is safer

than it was five years ago, but

he is warning that the country

can't be complacent about

terrorism.

That's ABC News for this

Monday. I'm Juanita Phillips. I

will be back with updates

during the evening and Lateline

is along at 10.35, followed by

Lateline Business. Goodnight. Captions produced by Captioning

and Subtitling International

Tonight - former US

vice-president Al Gore reflects

on the lessons of 9/11. Iraq

had nothing to do with

9/11. Are you one of those who

believes that America 's involvement in Iraq has

actually assisted the

recruiting of terrorists? Well,

it seems to have. The man who

many believe was robbed of the

presidency, now here with a

warning that climate change is

the most dangerous crisis we've

ever faced. Look at what's at

risk here in Australia. You

have such low water availability on average

already. You have greater

fires increasing every decade.

Stronger storms, Category 5