Note: Where available, the PDF/Word icon below is provided to view the complete and fully formatted document
Disclaimer: The Parliamentary Library does not warrant the accuracy of closed captions. These are derived automatically from the broadcaster's signal.
Lateline -

View in ParlViewView other Segments

(generated from captions) a very different picture has uncovered of the people of this island. So, who are we really? or the Anglo-Saxons, Whether we hark back to Arthur

we Brits have always used history for ourselves. to create a national identity The trouble is, a wholly imagined past, these are identities based on who we really are. so we end up not knowing and you see what I mean. Go to the heart of our democracy

decorate the robing room When the Victorians decided to here in the House of Lords, of King Arthur. they chose to use the figure the Anglo-Saxon invasion myth The Victorians had revived with vigour. the noble English The invasion identified

Teutonic stock, as descending from pure undisciplined Celts. as distinct from the irrational, In the paintings, King Arthur,

from our dark age past a native British warrior the Anglo-Saxon virtues had to be made to fit of the Victorian age. The result was a ludicrous conflation

of our national identity. of two very separate aspects just wasn't that simple. British identity In the 19th century, that Anglo-Saxon archaeologists, at the same time Anglo-Saxon historians,

of the English, are writing the history

call them that, you get, if you want to Celtic historians doing the same and the Scottish. for the Welsh and the Irish opposition to each other. And it's actually in direct They don't happen in a vacuum.

consequence of each other. They're done in direct of historical sources We see very deliberate manipulation and archaeology to try to create a sense of history. The early centuries of Britain AD this country's identity. were formative years in the making of It is not just the British by their early medieval past. who are being exorcised it is the French... It is the Germans, It is right across Europe. our roots... If we are now looking to find Who are we? What is our identity? in the early middle ages We almost invariably end up in the immediate post-Roman period, which removed a common culture smaller units, and created smaller groups, this is where I'm coming from. which we can look and say, And perhaps you will agree - about is identity. in my view, what the past is all

Anglo-Saxon supermen Our ancestors were not brave like Arthur. nor mysterious Celtic warriors pure race or another, These origin myths, tying us to one do not do justice to our culture.

and disorganised society We were not a weak overpowered by the Romans, when they left. nor did we dissolve into chaos of dark age confusion We did not suffer a period the tribesmen of Anglo-Saxon legend. and we never needed to be saved by The real people of Britain AD of foreign influences did not only survive an influx because of them. but actually flourished

and North European culture We absorbed Roman and later Byzantine of our own identity. without losing a sense to absorb and adapt, It is this ability this creative plagiarism, British identity. which has always been at the heart of a feature of our distant past. And this diversity is not just

in every aspect of our life. It's a trait that can still be seen Even our food. foreign secretary, Robin Cook, former British chicken tikka masala famously selected as Britain's national dish. identity itself I believe that our national enormous number of different inputs is the result of a blending of an over the centuries, come here and settled here, of different ethnic groups who have but have made their contribution, become not so much absorbed,

become part of the resultant mix, as our own national identity. what we now recognise great, what makes her strong, I think actually what makes Britain is not purity - it is diversity. influences It's all those many different shaped our history, that have shaped our language, shaped our character. shaped our culture, the 21st century We Britons are striding into of our Victorian ancestors. with all the confidence But in planning the way ahead, we must keep an eye on the past. of history Because if we discard our sense

who don't know who they are. we'll be like people with no memory of Britain AD, So, to find the true origins the headline-grabbing figures - I've had to look beyond and the Anglo-Saxons - the Romans, King Arthur

heroes of these lands, and instead I've turned to the real in their millions the ordinary Britons and resilient culture. who invented our diverse

One final thought - this could be Indian or China tea, it was grown in Kenya. and it says on the packet these obvious foreign origins, Yet despite, or maybe because of of Britain. this is still the best-known symbol

International Captioning and Subtitling Closed Captions by

This program is not subtitled

Tonight an Attorney-General

on the run - Julian Moti

escapes arrest in Port Morseby

on child sex charges. But the

Prime Minister Somare refuses

extradition agreement. to recognise Australia's

In Australia's case, it

should be dealt with in

Australia and Solomon Islands.

They came here and we have no

law under our act to hold

Justice people in ransom. But the

Justice Minister says Somare

has got it all wrong. Certainly

I'm at a loss to understand why

he says that. We have firm

legal advice from the Attorney-General's Department

that we follow due process. This program is captioned

live

Good evening and welcome to

'Lateline'. I'm Tony Jones. As

the fugitive Julian Moti flys

the coop to seek asylum amongst

the palm trees, to prime

ministers are colluding to

protect him from arrest. They

seem like something out of a

Graham Green novel but the Australian Government is deadly Graham Green novel but the

serious about pursuing its own

Pacific solution. Mr Moti is

wanted on several counts of

child sex tourism which are

serious offences and we intend

to pursue him and have him

brought to justice in Australia

and if he managed to flee to

the Solomon Islands, then we'd

pursue him there. Justice

Minister Chris Ellison also

denies vee hem mentally that

the case against Moti is the case against Moti is

politically motivated. That's

coming up. First, our other

headlines. "Zero tolerance" -

North Korea is warned to back

away from its plans of a

nuclear test. Icing on the

industrial cake - John Howard

celebrate as million. On

'Lateline Business', a profit

from Medibank Private, but the

insurer's boss says it will

diversify its business if privatised. Well, the ped ral

Government has vowed to pursue the Solomon Islands Attorney-General Julian Moti

who is again on the run. Mr

Moti, who is wanted in

Australia on child sex charges,

today left his hide-out in the

Solomon Islands High Commission

in Port Morseby. PNG's Prime

Minister Michael Somare effectively has said he's free

to go, despite Australian

warrants for his arrest and

extradition. Meanwhile, the

Solomons' Government is

reported to be moving urgently

to provide Mr Moti with a new

passport so he can take up his

job in Honiara. Our reporter

Steve martial was outside the

High Commission when Mr Moti

fled the bidding. Julian Moti

left the High Commission of his

own free will this afternoon.

He hadn't been seen since he

skipped bail at the weekend,

after being arrested by PNG

police at the request of Australian authorities - until

today. There's been plenty today. There's been plenty of

speculation as to whether

Julian Moti had even been

staying? The High Commission in

Port Morseby. The officer says

he's not there but the security

guard says someone is staying

overnight. The lights come on

and the air conis on. Papua New

Guinea's Prime Minister Michael

Somare says that Mr Moti is

free to leave PNG for the Solomons. If it is Australia's case it should be dealt case it should be dealt with

Australia and the Solomon

Islands. They came here and we

have no law under our act to

hold people in ransom. But

there is speculation about

whether horizon not Mr Moti is

still the Attorney-General of

the Solomon Islands. The

Solomons public service

commission confirm they'd had

suspended him from the post

following a recommendation from

the judicial and legal services

commission. Manassen Sogavare

insists the final decision

rests with him. With Mr Moti a

close friend of Mr Sogavare, it

remains unclear whether or not

the recommended suspicion will

be carried out. The Solomons

Government is now working on

getting Mr Moti a new passport,

but as future and that of the

Prime Minister now hinges on a

note of no confidence due to be

tabled in the Solomon Islands

Parliament tomorrow. Parliament tomorrow.

Just a short time ago I spoke

to the Justice Minister Senator

Chris Ellison in our Perth studio. Chris Ellison, thanks

for joining us. Good evening,

Tony. Now that Mr Moti has come

out of hiding in Port Morseby,

has the AFP directly contacted

the PNG police to request that

he be arrested? Well, we certainly are Lee liaising with the authorities the authorities in Papua New

Guinea. I must say that the

report that we have of him

having left the Solomon Islands

High Commission is yet un

confirm ed, although there are

reports of course that he has

left. But you have to remember

that this is a matter for the authorities in Papua New

Guinea. There's a warrant

issued by a quourt in New

Guinea for his arrest and of

course that would be the

primary warrant to act on for

the purposes of any arrest by the Papua New Guinean authorities. Obviously we can't

take action. It's another

country. The formal request has

now been lodged with the

authorities in Papua New Guinea

and it is up to them. Yes.

There appears to be confusion

at the highest levels of

politics in Port Morseby as to

whether or not there is a

function ing extradition

agreement or treaty between

Australia and Papua New Guinea.

Do you understand what Mr

Somare is saying about this? Well, there are two

things, Tony. Firstly, I

understand that Prime Minister

Somare has said that due

process has not been followed

and that this is politically

motivated and I reject that out

of hand. I mean, we have

followed the process to the

letter of the law. In relation

to the arrangements between

Papua New Guinea and Australia,

we have the London scheme,

which was formally there, but

more important recently Papua

New Guinea changed its laws,

its extradition laws, to have a

warrant backed system, much

like we have with New Zealand,

which is not evidence based and

that is what we are relying on.

Papua New Guinea has put in

place no extradition arrangements and we are

confident that we've followed

due process and of course we've

made the normal request to the

Papua New Guinean authorities

and we want them to act. So it

must be confusing for you, as

it is for us, as to why Mr

Somare is continuing to deny

that there is any kind of legal

way in which Australia can

extra diet Mr Moti? Well,

certainly I'm at a loss to

understand why he says that. We

have firm legal advise from the

Attorney-General's Department

that we have followed due

process and in fact you have to

remember that Mr Moti was taken

before a court in Port Moresby.

He then failed to appear and

breached his bail and the court

in New Guinea issue add warrant

for his arrest. Now, obviously,

the court that's dealing with

it followed due process and did

not find any issue with the

process at that stage and has

issued a warrant for Mr Moti's

arrest. So, it certainly is in

the hands of a court in New

Guinea and we respect that. But, really,

extraordinary thing is Mr

Somare is now saying there's

going to be disciplinary action

against his own police officers

who were involved in that

original arrest last week. I

mean, do you understand - has

anyone been in contact with the

Prime Minister to understand

why he's taking this position,

which is so contrary to what

you believe? Tony, with extradition proceedings, we

leave it to the authorities

concerned. That is the

Attorney-General's Department,

the police and the courts to

deal with it. It's not an issue

which one doles with on a

political basis. It's not one

which I pick up the phone and

speak to my counterpart and

say, "Look, can you just issue

a warrant for this person's

arrest." There is a formal

process we go through quite

properly, an independent

process, and that has been

done. You've seen it in New

Guinea with the proceedings

having commenced before a court

in New Guinea. So certainly I

wouldn't be intervening

politically. It's a matter for

the authorities in New Guinea

and a matter for due process

and for the law to be

followed. It's Mr Somare that

is making the political point

in New Guinea and are you

worried that he's actually

circumvented the independent

process of his own courts and

police? Look, it is for Mr

Somare as the Prime Minister of

Papua New Guinea to pass

comment as he sees fit, but I

must say that in make ing this

formal request for extradition

of Julian Moti, we would expect

due process to be followed and

that is as laid down by the law

in Papua New Guinea and the law

as provided for in Australia.

Now, we believe we've followed

that process and we're at a

loss to understand where the

Prime Minister in New Guinea is

saying that there is no process

or that process has not been followed and, more

specifically, we certainly

reject any allegation that this

is politically motivated. Mr

Moti is wanted in Australia on

several counts of child sex

tourism, which are very serious

offences, and we intend to

pursue him and have him brought

to justice in Australia. It is

now being reported that the

Sogavare Government in the

Solomon Islands is likely to

provide Mr Moti with a

Solomon's passport. How much

does that con fuse matters even

further? Can he be arrested in

PNG if he's carrying the

passport of another country? He's still an

Australian citizen and that

brings him under the

jurisdiction of our child sex

tourism legislation. We've

cancelled Mr Moti's Australian

passport, but that does n't

mean that we've lost

jurisdiction because of that.

So certainly we'll still pursue

him. We have jurisdiction to do

that and we can bring him to

justice in Australia under

Australian laws and he's

entitled to all of the

presumptions that attach to

that. But, can I say in

relation to the Solomon

Islands, we've made it very

clear that we do not think the

Solomon Islands Government

should offer this man sanctuary

and if he goes elsewhere, if he

manages to lead Papua New

Guinea, we will pursue him. And

what if he's actually given a

Solomon Islands diplomatic

passport which carries with it

immunity? Well, can I say,

Tony, we'll deal with the

situations when and as they

arise, but I've made it very

clear tonight, and I just make

it clear again, that we will

pursue Julian Moti in whatever

way possible we can and if he

leaves Papua New Guinea, we

will pursue him and we will use

whatever means we possibly can,

according to law, to have this

man brought back to Australia

to face justice. Now, in the

Solomon Islands, I understand

there's even concern there

about the matter, such as that the judicial services

commission has suspended him as

Attorney-General and asked the

Prime Minister, Mr Sogavare, to

replace Mr Moti. Now, I

understand Mr Sogavare has

refused that request and that

is a matter of course for the

Solomon Islands government and

the judicial services

commission in that country, but

certainly it is causing concern

in certain quarters in the

Solomon Islands. If he is able

to get on that plane tomorrow

morning from Port morse by to

Honiara with some kind of

travel documents issued by the

Solomon Islands and he reaches

the Solomon Islands, he'll be

untouchable, won't he, because

there's no extradition treaty

at all with them? Well, we have

extradited someone from the

Solomon Islands previous ly

about two years ago. We

successfully extradited a

person from the Solomons so.

We have the London scheme,

which operates in relation to

the Solomon Islands and Australia. So there are

arrangements there that we can

seek Mr Moti's extradition and

if he managed to flee to the

Solomon Islands, then we'd

pursue him there. Just to clear

up this issue that has been

raised now in both PNG and the

Solomon Islands and you've

denied there is any political

motivation. Can you explain

bhoes initiative it was to go

ahead with this sex tourism

case or series of charges that

actually happened so years ago

in Vanuatu. Tony, it is worth

looking at the history to

explain that and of course

these offences relate to a

young girl in Vanuatu and it's

alleged that Mr Moti is guilty

of child sex offences in that

country and of course in that

country itself, Vanuatu, proceedings were commenced.

They were quash ed. The Vanuatu

authorities sought assistance

from us in relation to

associated matters and we

provided that assistance. This

was all on going over a period

of some years. Finally, it was

around about the beginning of

last year, the Vanuatu

authorities indicated that they

had finished with Mr Moti and

would pursue him no further. It

was then that the Australian

Federal Police commenced their

own investigations. A brief was

then sent to the Commonwealth

director of public prosecutions

who then gave us advice that

there was a proper basis to

seek Mr Moti's extradition. Mr

Moti was then in India and

before we had any chance to

apprehend - have him

apprehended there, he travelled

to Papua New Guinea and of

course provisional warrant for

his arrest was issued there.

But the practice is if someone

is being dealt with for

offences overseas, you allow

that jurisdiction to deal with

the person first and then

assess whether you are able to

at law to extradite him or her

back to Australia. Now, that's

what we've done in relation to

Mr Moti and the proceedings in

Vanuatu. Those proceedings did

not come to a trial and the

Director of Public Prosecutions

has advised us that we've a

proper basis to seek his

extradition and that's been the

reason for the aflukion of time

over some years. A final quick

question: no political

initiative in this. No

political direction to the AFP

to pursue this case? Absolutely

money. The Australian Federal

Police have a very strong

record for pursuing people who

commit child sex offences in

our region and I think it's a

matter of record it's a high

priority for their operations

in the region. In this case, it

is alleged that Mr Moti has

contravened our child sex and

he faces counts and they are

very serious charges and I

would expect the AFP to pursue any investigation of that

sought where they had evidence

to do so and I have full confidence many them in

relation to this matter and

indeed generally the way they conduct themselves in the

region. There 's been no

political interference what so

erand of course it would be

improper for there to be so.

This is a serious issue, Tony.

It involves serious allegations

and we believe that this man

should be brought back to

Australia to face justice in

this country. As I stress, he's

entitled to all of the

presumptions that attach to

that as an Australian citizen -

the presumption of innocence.

But we say we want this man

back in Australia to face these

charges which relate to a young

girl in Vanuatu. Chris Ellison,

we'll have to leave you there.

We are out of time. We thank

you very much for taking the

time to come to talk to us

tonight. It's a pleasure. Thank

you.

Japan has called on a divided

UN Security Council to impose

tough sanctions on North Korea

if it tests an atom bomb.

Pyongyang has warned it will

not back down unless the United States compromises. Washington

says it is not prepared to

budge and has warned it won't

stand by and wait for North

Korea to become nuclear. Our

correspondent Shane McLeod has this report.

The US is not prepared to

tolerate North Korea with

nuclear weapons. I think

clearly it's very serious.

REPORTER: How concerned are

you about the perceptions about

to take a test? We're very

concerned about it. We are very

concerned about the

announcement that was made

yesterday and we're try ing to

do all we can to head this

off. Christopher Hill says the

consequences of a test have

been made clear to North

Korea's mission to the United

Nations. In New York, the US

has been working with countries

like Japan and Britain to come

up with a strong response from

the Security Council. We think

it's going to be quite

important for the council to

speak very firmly, very

resolutely on this and not just

in a knee-jerk reaction with

another piece of paper. But

other permanent members of the

council have different ways to

deal with Pyongyang. If North

Korea adopt a more constructive

approach, this will enable us

to make progress and also if

the United States could be more

creative in their thinking, it

will certainly help. Many South

Korean, there have been small

protests, as the gift warns its

neighbour of the repercussions

of a nuclear test. China has

reportedly used diplomatic

channels to warn North Korea of

severe consequences. The

countries with the most at

stake in North Korea will be

discuss ing the issue in a

round of leaders' summits in

coming days. Shinzo Abe will

depart on Sunday on his first

overseas trip as Prime

Minister.

To politics in this country

now and 1 million Australian

workers have now taken up individual workplace agreements, something the Prime

Minister considers to be a

milestone in industrial reform.

John Howard has marked the

occasion with a party for the

Adelaide man who became the 1

millionth person to sign.

Unions say it's a dark day for

all who have ever had to work

under an AWA. From Canberra,

Greg Jennett reports. After

nine years, cooking up

industrial relations changes,

John Howard has got the icing

on the cake. In you go. Well

done. Disability worker Bob

Raven is the one millionth

person to take out an

Australian workplace agreement.

The Prime Minister wasn't going

to let the milestone go un

noticed. Are you finding the

working arrangement

satisfactory? Flexible. I

couldn't fault it. AWAs have

been available since 1997, but

it's since his WorkChoices

regime that came into force 6

months ago that Mr Howard says

they have really taken

off. Something like 117,000

have been signed over the last

six months and the month of

September saw something like

27,000 AWAs signed. But in

Hobart, David Herd was in no

mood to celebrate. I went into

panic mode. I wasn't sleeping

and grouchy. The petrol station

attendant knocked back an

agreement, claiming it would

have slashed his hourly rate by

up to $7 an hour. I would still

lose $190 per week. That I

could not do in my budget. The

offers of workplace services

investigated and found the

service station operator had

done nothing wrong. So it might

be legal, but it's Morley

bankrupt and how on earth can

working Australians stay afloat

if that is how companies behave using John Howard's industrial

relations laws? The million

AWAs John Howard celebrates

aren't all current. Unions

claim the number in operation

is probably closer to half a

million and still less than 5%

of the workforce. If Kim

Beazley gets his way, it will

be even fewer this time next

year. How he can boast about a

million of those things escaped

me, but he's got 12 months to

run on them and then we are

going to change the system to a

fair system. He can count on

support from Unionists like

these, who turned out to spoil

the workplace relation's

minister party with the

Industrial Relations Commission

in Melbourne. The Federal

Government will appeal against

the recent Federal Court

decision, recognising a native

title claim over the Perth

metropolitan area. The

Attorney-General Philip Ruddock

says the principles of the

judgment are significantly

different to a key native title

decision handed down by the

High Court in 2002. It says the

appeal is to ensure consistency

in the law. This decision has

left open doubt as to whether

or not access by the general

public to areas which are

currently regarded as Jay can't

crown land would necessarily be

able to continue. Aboriginal

groups say the decision to

appeal is disappointing, but

not surprising. The West Australian government has

already announced it will be appealing.

Meanwhile, the Australian

crime commission has officially

begun its work, investigating

allegations of violence and sex

abuse in Aboriginal

communities. As the Justice

Minister launched the news that

k force in Alice Springs today,

police were dealing with more

cases of violence against

Indigenous women and children N

the worst incident, a 22-year-old woman and her

13-day-old son were beaten and

slashed by a man during a

vicious domestic assault. Sara Everingham reports.

The Federal minister for

justice Chris Ellison was in

Alice Springs launching the new

national approach to violence

against women and children in

Indigenous communities. But we

would be neglect if we did not

recognise that we have a

serious issue to address and

that we need to take action

now. The task force will be

based here in Alice Springs,

but will have a much wider

reach. It's 33 staff will be

made up of Northern Territory,

South Australian and Federal

police officers, as well as

members of the Crime and

Misconduct Commission. It will

gather intelligence from

communities across Australia

and pass it on to local police.

It certainly gives the

perpetrators nowhere to go and

we are cover ing every piece of

Australia in relation to

setting up this task force. The

task force was established

after a summit called by

Indigenous affair s minister

mall bruf over concerns over

violence and abuse in

Indigenous communities. One of

the play orchallenge also be

breaking the code of silence

that surrounds sexual abuse and

they may employ indigenous

staff to help. We will engage

relative experts in Indigenous

crimes and we will look at some

Indigenous staff to engage

where we think sit

appropriate. The maytive title

holders of Alice Springs urged

Indigenous people to get

involved. It will really be

like an anonymous opportunity

to report crime where the

officers can then go in and

investigate it. But the

commission also has some of the toughest coercive powers to

force witnesses to give evidence, breaking those laws

can attract a prison sentence

of five years. The task force

will continue its work until

June next year. Once again,

the old Washington lesson - the

cover-up is worse than the

crime, has come back to haunt

Republican Party. In the run-up

to mid-term elections, a mince

is facing allegations he

covered up a scandal involving

a congressman. Mark Foley

resigned after it emerged last

week he had sent sexually

suggestive emails to young men

on his staff. Now Foley's Chief

of Staff says he warned the

Republican House leader Dennis

Hastert about the kangman three

years ago and nothing was done.

Republicans have held the

majority in Congress since

1994, but the party was already

polling badly a head of next

month's mid-term congressional

elections. A mushrooming sex

scandal won't help. Yesterday, Congressman Mark Foley resigned, following the

revelation of highly explicit

cyberspace conversations he had

with teenagebies working as

pagers on Capitol Hill.

Admitting he's been hiding his homosexuality, Mr Foley has

checked into a Florida rehab

clinic for alcoholism and he

revealed as a teenager he

himself was sexually abused by

an unnamed clergyman. Mark

doesn't blame the trauma he

sustained as a young adolescent

for his totally inappropriate

emails. He continues to offer

no excuse whatsoever for his

conduct. Now attention is being

turned to whether his behaviour

was condoned by his Republican

colleagues. One former page

said he was approached by

Republican staffer about

Foley's behaviour. It was a

slight cautionary statement,

you mow. "Don't get too wrapped

up in him being nice to you"

and that kind of stuff. He's a

nice guy, but he's a little bit

odd. That would be an under

statement if the messages that

have been made public are

anything to go by. In one

exchange Foley swaps fantasies

and masterbation technique was

a teenage boy before asking him

to measure his penis. I was

dismayed and shock ed to learn

about Congressman Foley's

unacceptable behaviour. Questions remained

about how long his colleagues

knew about his predatory

behaviour. Today his Chief of

Staff Kirk Fordham said he told

the speaker of the House about

Mr Foley's behaviour three

years ago and he became the

second scalp, forced to resign

from his new job as Chief of

Staff who said he was surprised

by the depravity of Mr Foley's

behaviour. When I saw the de

spickable, deplorable emails

that no child, no person should

have to see, then I said, "He's

got to go. Can we get his resignation?" The scandal

could reach higher. The Speaker

Dennis Hastert is under

pressure from his own party to

resign as well. I've known

him for all of the years he's

served in this house and he

deceive ed me, too. After

initially denying he ever heard

the allegation, Mr Dennis

Hastert changed his tune. He

went to Foley and confronted

him and he said he wouldn't do

it anymore. He was sorry. He

was just trying to stalk to the

kid, he liked the kid, nice kid

and he wouldn't do it anymore.

We told him not to do it any

more there or anybody -

period. The speaker has gone to

ground issuing a statement

saying it will be dealt with

tomorrow. There's union nimty

that he hasn't done enough or

taken responsibility for it and

ordered the right reforms and

he's in dope trouble. Some

fundraisers a head of the

mid-term elections reportedly

have been called off to avoid

questions about the scandal. In Britain, it's the end of the

political party's annual

conference season and the

morning newspapers have

delivered a mixed verdict on

the key-note speech to the Tory

faithful by Conservative Party

leader David Cameron. Aiming to

stay on top in the polls he'

made big promises like pledging

to never cut health funding.

They wonder why there is no

health policies. That doesn't

worry Mr Cameron. 7 Often

derided as the heir to Blair, David Cameron's most important

speech so far, may not have

persuaded all in the media, but

he's more interested in voters

who've side ed with Labour

three times and now want

change. In just one year, David

Cameron has radically re-vamped

his party's image. Right.

Welcome to webcam Ron. Watch

out BBC -- Daddy. I'll do it

in a minute. His Internet diary

could be the future of

politics. It's helped give the

Tories their best polling

numbers in almost 20 years.

Perhaps also because he's often

seen like this - the

39-year-old family man with his

disabled child Ivan. The care

his son receives has Mr Cameron

promising he'll never cut

spending on public health . When your family relies on the

the NHS day after day you

realise just how precious it

really is. At the last election

as the Tories' policy chief, he

was promote ing vouchers for

people to opt out of the public

health system. But the son of a

stockbroker and graduate of

Eton and Oxford wants to be a

man capable of winning over

middle England. We're reaching

out for what we can achieve, so

let us say here today,

confidently that for Britain,

the best is yet to come. APPLAUSE

Labour says the Tories are all

image and no substance, but

some of the concrete policies

they have considered have

already been spoken about by

the Government. Like the idea

of tax-free pay to

soldiers. Yes, we are cautious

about bringing out a lot of

policiesiers before a general election. We are laying down

the principles this week. Any

election is three years away

but the Tories are more

optimistic than they have been

in a long time. The British

public rates them higher than

Labor on key top picks like

health and education. He's

released no detailed policies

on either subject. Margaret

Whittlam t wife of the former

Australian Prime Minister Gough

Whitlam tonight celebrated the

release of her biography at a

gathering in Sydney. The book

was launched by comedians Kath

& Kim to say they've a lot in

common with Prime Minister's

wives. From Bondi Beach girl to

mother of four, social worker

and Prime Minister's wife,

Margaret Whittlam has seen a

lot in her 86 years.

lot in her 86 years. Hello,

Margaret. Tonight, her

biography was launched by some

fans who say they know what it

is like to live in the

Lodge. Seriously, look, we are

majorly chuffed to have been

invited here tonight. Wow. In

front of so many pollies and

journos and other extinguished

guests. Yeah, I don't

recognise anyone. Is there

anyone from 'Big Brother' here?

No. Margaret Whittlam is known

for her razor-sharp wit and

tonight was no different. After

years of watching and

supporting the feminist movement in Australia she had

this to say about gender in the

lucky country. Men may have

many faults, but women only two - everything they say and everything they do.

Margaret Dovy was a champion

breast stroker and represented

Australia at the Empire Games.

Four years later during the

World War II she married Gough

Whitlam. Believe it or not, he

couldn't spell his name when

she first met him. She worked

that out. It with as hot,

steamy December night. Across a

crowded room she saw this

fantastic looking hunk of a

spunk. Her husband also had

other admirerers. Of course

Margaret attend ed Specific

Drive Primary School where Kym

and I both went. That's

right. So we all have the same

roots. That's right. Hi, Gopf.

Remember that. Push my

buttons. Most people know about

her husband's famous dismissal

by the

Governor-General. Nothing will

save the Governor-General. But

many people don't know that

Margaret Whittlam worked as a

social worker in a public

hospital. She was the social

work er at the hospital. Not

one of the social workers, but

THE social workers at the

hospital when Gough was Deputy

Leader of the Opposition at the

time Her marriage is now in its

64th year. They spend an awful

lot of time in each other's

company and I think my mother

could probably survive my

father, but my father couldn't

survive without her. Margaret

Whittlam says at 86 she doesn't

have all of the answers and

doesn't expect to. The events

of 1975 are now just another

chapter in an extraordinary

life. You read the book and you will see.

will see. It's time for a

quick look at the weather.

Tonight's interview with

Chris Ellison will be on our

website shortly. You can also

download individual stories or

view the whole program. Maxine

McKew will be with you tomorrow

night. Please join her then.

For now, over to 'Lateline

Business' with Ali

Moore. Thanks, Tony. After 121

days of hearings today the

judge in the C7 case reserves

his verdict. The biggest world

producer of gold announces and

Medibank Private posts a record

profit, its boss says there is

plenty of room for improvement.

If the company was to be

privatised, it would be logical

to spread the income stream so

you wouldn't be reliant on just

one source of income, in terms

of private health insurance,

but the assumption there is the

business would be privatised

and you would make those calls

and expand the business

accordingly.

To the markets and Australian

shares bounced back today to

their highest close in almost 5

months. They were inspired by a

strong lead from Wall Street.

The All Ords and ASX 100 put on

1%..investors snapped up

blue-chips. In Hong Kong,

strong buying pushed the hang

seng to its highest level for 6

years and the Dow of course opened shortly at the second

record high it reached

overnight, void by a consensus

that remarks by the chairman of

Federal Reserve meant interest

rates would stay put or even

fall. For the latest from

London we crossed a short time

ago to Tom Hougaard, chief

market strategist at City Index

Limited. Tom Hougaard, thanks

for joining us. The latest

economic news in the UK is no

change to interest rates and

the FTSE is up. The FTSE is up

and we haven't really seen much

movement in some of the major

stocks like some of the banking

stocks or the pharmaceuticals

that usually tend to drive the

indices and it really wasn't

something that we expected. We

gave it something like a 3%

chance that they were going to

hike rates, so all in all the

reason we are of course trading

lying is because of the

phenomenal effort we saw on Wall Street last night and that

is driving sentiment more than

anything else is doing right

now. Commodities, too, are they

having an impact? Well, of

course because you had a

beautiful day in the commodity

yesterday where a lot of funds

who had been along this market

really get published out. You

saw gold spike down to around

$560 an ounce and you saw crude

oil float for $58 but this

morning we had comments out of

the OPEC about production Kut s

and that has driven it back up

60 and we've seen bargain

hunters coming in thinking that

goal here - this is something I

definitely can support -