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Stateline. We'll leave you with two 8-week old red making their first appearance at Perth Zoo.

As Commander in Chief, how privileged I

privileged I am to be see for myself extraordinary effort here in see for myself Australia's

the Live. This Program Is Captioned Hello. Welcome to

I'm Craig Allen. Coming up - exclusive. Stateline's Arthur Hill accompanied the Governor-General on her recent trip to Afghanistan. Her excellency agreed for him to film for Stateline during the visit - a rare glimpse of the world of Australian Tarin Kowt as they spend 24 world of Australian forces at

hours with Chief. But first, last year's hours with their Commander in

ACT election captain was dominated by the plan to plonk a massive data centre to homes in southern centre and power station close

After community uproar the to homes in southern Canberra. project was down-sized and moved but what does a data centre do and did it really need its own power station in Stateline visited one Canberra data centre to demystify data centre to demystify the IT hype.

In a digital age our demand for And we're clogging up hard drives with photos, and music files at hard drives with photos, video

extraordinary rate. and music files at an

The amount of data being generated each year is

I think around about 100% generated each year is growing

year the last I saw. In the I think around about 100% a

business of commerce government the problem is business of commerce sand

uplied, Google search or on-line transaction the computing sector needs space store the data you don't talk terrabytes any store the data you need. We

we talk don't talk terrabytes any more,

we talk about petabytes and they're an enormous the are actually containing all of primarily storage here. Can we the comms equipment as well. So have a look So this rack here is completely full of storage and in this rack alone, probably

somewhere in the vicinity of 20 to 24 terrabytes of data storage centres like this one in Hume storage capability. Data

are springing up climate-controlled world. They're essentially high-security warehouses by corporations and government high-security warehouses used

agencies. There's a huge of security classifications, agencies. There's a huge range

some of the defence and intelligence are

and some of the other are certainly less paranoid and so we cater for every department from the most secure so we cater for every single

right down to just the everyday agencies that are doing what they call in-confidence or low-level security work. Canberra Data Centres is one firm targeting the high-end government market. client is a national government market. Its biggest

agency. It's a top client is a national security

business. We can't see who the client is or even show you the its data. But to get customers secure bunker where it stores

like this, data centres need to be not just secure but self-sufficient. This is one our generators on site. Twin self-sufficient. This is one of

turbocharged V 12, produces megawatt of power which will turbocharged V 12, produces one

keep us going in emergency situations when the mains

fails. And a loss of data is unthinkable if you're talking about banking or Federal Government records. to reliable power is a very Government records. So access

deal. And they need a to reliable power is a very big

that's for two reasons. it. They are power hungry. And

Obviously the IT equipment draws a lot of because it draws so much it also - because it draws so much power,

it also - it produces a lot of heat and heat has to be treated or cooled, so then the the equipment uses more power airconditioning or cooling of

again, so it sort in that regard. It's meant again, so it sort of snowballs

be a clean energy alternative to power, a proposed data centre in southern Canberra. But ACTEW-AGL appears to

community feeling about its to have underestimated

planned gas fired power Residents of the nearby suburb planned gas fired power plant.

of an environment menace, e Milting constant dangerous chemicals. The ACTEW-AGL consortium's to build a mega came out of left

came out of left field. An opportunity to accommodate our growth in computer for the next its gas power plant was the real turn-off can understand if I was a real turn-off for residents. I

resident, that a power station next door probably wouldn't be optimal but there considerations as well. Certainly the massive infrastructure to support a data centre, so the cooling and reticulation, the major electrical components, they actually quite noisy. So are significant noise issues. It's a preferred model in many sectors to have a power station as part of the centre compound, because rather than be subject to a truck hitting a substation just outside

outside the data centre and therefore your down, if you have your power station inside your and it's a bespoke station and you're its and it's a bespoke power

client, you can guarantee your clients a more service. Canberra 'Times' clients a more resilient

technology has been watching the worldwide debate

proponents want their own power says it's logical the

source, Canberra has just one connection to the electricity grid. In the US connection to the national

particularly, they're particularly, they're finding the data centres are up around nuclear power stations, and data centres are being put into what used to be aluminium smelters. smelters were built next to draw a lot of power. Power issues aside, there are issues aside, there are other obstacles generally been found generally been found that trained IT staff would trained IT staff would prefer to than Canberra. And than Canberra. And so people who set up data centres in Canberra have to try a bit harder. But despite those Australia's data centre

is all but assured. And that's thanks in part to a recent government IT government IT study which urged the Commonwealth to lift game. The Gershon report said the government plan could cost taxpayers a billion dollars over coming years. If recommendations are recommendations are adopted, more government agencies are likely to shift their likely to shift their computing power out of the power out of the basement and into

like this. Canberra is the national capital, and Canberra's going to become more and more important and that Canberra generates will become more and more important. So over, say, half So over, say, half a century there will definitely be a for much more data storage. much more data storage. And the industry seems the industry seems ready. We have the ability to than a thousand computer racks here, and in a couple of rocks could be larger than of the home computers, You know that Anzac Parade has dedicated to either the First or Second World Woodside Petroleum Wars. Recently an international

international design competition was launched for two new memorials commemorating both wars to be situated at bottom of the yesterday the Prime Minister Polimeni reports. It's Anzac Day 1965. official opening of Anzac Parade. The first chapter if you like. No monuments

you like. No monuments yet. They're still to come. For They're still to come. For now, the War Memorial is all Canberra has to honour foes who fought and died in the first and Second World Wars. and Second World Wars. Over the following evolves. Monuments are built remembering conflicts, honouring countries. But there's something missing. single monument alongside the histories in

histories in memory of the thousands who served thousands who served in World War I and II. That's until now. Over here we've got the First World War memorial. These are about 20m tall, and this is the Second World War And they symmetricically of the land axis which runs between Parliament House and the War Memorial building. Memorial building. Brisbane architect

architect Richard Kirk has a vision, or perhaps accurately, a fairly detailed design. He's the winner international competition. His brief - to design Australia's World War I and World War II memorials to be built memorials to be built at the fat of Anzac Parade. This is the Second World This is This is the First World War one. You can see made up of a series of cuts

made up of a series of cuts or slices for each of the slices for each of the blocks or obelisks beings and represent each of the passages of the sun depending on each critical date that we want to recognise. So this one is actually the main shafts of rising sun at Anzac Day on rising sun at Anzac Day on 25 April and then the finer cuts represent the Armistice Day, so that the memorial in itself

that the memorial in itself becomes an analogy to the of cutting and loss, of cutting and loss, and loss of life and sacrifice. And of life and sacrifice. And then the idea of the sun creating the memorial is the memorial is this idea that the memorial itself is quite abstract and abstract and not designed in any be here. The other thing that this literally does is gives the sensation of being in trench or that sort

trench or that sort of foreboding sensation so that you are remind when you are remind when you visit the memorial that it's about understanding the degree sacrifice and the contribution of the community. So yeah, in a sense we wanted the memorials to have a degree of solemnity which I think was very important. The Second World War memorial likewise uses different dates but

different dates but the largest space it creates through here is two critical dates for battle of Kokoda which probably the most significant event Second World War. Each one of these resulting these resulting shards or slices of stone that you see represents each year of the war. When you memorialise an event like a war, it's a fundamental memorial. It's about loss and

about loss and sacrifice. We deliberately avoided wanting it to be a fig rative or to be a fig rative or the memorials to look like something. It was really important to us that the memorials were incredibly abstract. That was because we wanted the meaning individuals wanted to attach to them to be different. Richard Kirk says there are two personal ones, as well as those of the hundreds of

of the hundreds of towns and cities across Australia. Within each on the stone walls letters which were sent between who were serving and people who remained call letter call letter strings, so you get a sense of sense of fear and sacrifice that enduring. And then between the two memorials, we place what

two memorials, we place what we call a storyline map, telling the the wars, and contain on the wars, and contain on those storyline mats are each town storyline mats are each town in Australia at the time of each of the conflicts, we actually record the population in town, the number who didn't return. So that's a simple way and a fairly graphic way,

way, I suppose, of demonstrating to people actual degree these very, very small communities. And particular was Wangaratta, which 3,500 people at the time of the of the outbreak of the war, 440-odd served and 66 440-odd served and 66 didn't return. This happened right

across Australia, and in terms of sheer numbers it's number of people lost in bushfires recently occurring for 4.5 for 4.5 years every day. It's taken four years to come this year. Now comes the challenge - finding an estimated $20 million to pay for the project. The call's out for some cash from governments and anyone and anyone else feeling generous to help complete generous to help complete yet another

another chapter in the life Anzac Parade. Thanks to Thanks to the Australian War Memorial for some Memorial for some of the images in that story. Governor-General Quentin joint patron in chief of the Memorials Committee and she is of course Commander in of course Commander in Chief of the Australian Defence It was in that capacity It was in that capacity that she travelled to Afghanistan to deliver her Australia Day

message. Arthur Hill was the ABC director of that broadcast, and with permission, filmed throughout her 24-hour visit for Stateline. insight into another behind the scenes

As Commander in Chief, how privileged I am to privileged I am to be here to see for see for myself Australia's extraordinary the war against terrorism. I feel so proud of our Australian soldiers as we all do in country, and to be here to see for myself what they're doing

they're doing each day, to understand understand just how serious the dangers are, the that they face, the that they face, the remarkable work they're doing. It's a source of inspiration to me.

What are the most health issues for your children? Can first? Yes, please do. Please

Joo we need more donation, like medicine, food and also we need training program. I wish you all the best. Enormous challenges.

How many children are in the orphans' houses? One person in the war. No brother, no sister. She is alone. Very healthy and well cared for. Yeah. Lovely little

Thank you very much. wonderful example of people caring about each other caring about each other and helping each


Where is home for you? Canberra. It's where you grew up? I can hardly move my arms. We have not adjusted to Canberra weather at all, I have to say.

How old are you? 22, ma'am. It means a lot to me to be here. You can read about things and watch television and have all sorts of things, but to come here to meet our come here to meet our soldiers and to get the whole sense and to get the whole sense of what you're doing here, it's very important. Been pretty cold? Yeah, it's been fairly cold. We just came cold. We just came back from the Luchi Valley. How was that, that you went? It's about 25 ks. So what were you going there for? Was something happening there? Um we were infantry up there and they were doing koala weapons, IDs and components like like that. I think one of the things we've become aware of is how dangerous your work is. We've been pretty lucky so far. Only a few injuries. Well, that's about your training, isn't it? Yeah. How have you found TK? A bit colder? Of course. I was very pleased it was a pleased it was a wonderful sunny day and I could come. mean, it's such a wonderful opportunity for me to be here. We didn't know till yesterday whether we'd be able to come whether we'd be able to come or not. not. Absolutely ma'am. You have so many emotions go through you when you fly through you when you fly in, too. Absolutely. I think it's good for ... um ... us good for ... um ... us to have someone come in and see how someone come in and see how we - we survive here, I - we survive here, I suppose. To see how the guys do it on the ground. For me, I stay here so it's here so it's OK but at least you can come in and say that she has guys are doing and lets guys are doing and lets the guys know how the people at I suppose it's I suppose it's a really massive risk for her to come in and stay overnight. and stay overnight. No-one else has done it before, as far as has done it before, as far as I know. And it's a big know. And it's a big thing for the guys. I guess the guys. I guess they'll actually get to for more than 30 seconds at a time with a time with a fleeting visit. It's a big risk and I think It's a big risk and I think the guys understand that. It'd be a nice sort of holiday destination, holiday destination, you know, for all the other stuff going on here! Thank you very much. It's very important for me to be well informed, to know and understand what you do, the challenges that you risks that you take. Of course, I can I can read about those things. I can be I can be briefed about them. I can learn about can learn about them on television, through But to be learn, to listen, learn, to listen, to talk, to share with you some of your experiences, your ideas, reflections about what you're doing here is of to me. And

important things I can do in this role is to use my And I can tell my fellow Australians when I go home opportunities that I have, such as sharing dinner with you and being here being here with you this evening. I evening. I can give people across

across Australia a snapshot as an outsider, an outsider looking in at what you I assure you, an outsider cares deeply about you, with great admiration and respect and indeed affection. I've been thinking about the unique characteristics

Australian Defence Forces since my visit to East Timor just before Christmas, where I was struck, as I have been many times, by that lake humour, the camaraderie, the self-effacing, generous spirit of our -- laconic humour. I have

here in your mess this evening. The more I learn about the gallant men who have Australia in dangerous circumstances conflicts bs, in environments like the one that you're in here, the more I here, the more I understand that those unique characteristics have always been there in been there in our Australian soldiers. (APPLAUSE) I think I it's not every day we receive our Commander in Chief, our Governor-General here. As said, it's an and a pleasure and thank you very much on behalf of everyone for taking the time see us. Thank you. Thank you. (APPLAUSE) The situation's The situation's improving every day. We've conducted some every day. We've conducted some significant improving the improving the security situation. We're mentoring the Afghan national army. continuing to reconstruct continuing to reconstruct this damaged making significant inroads rebuild Afghanistan. The most dangerous threat to ourselves and to the Afghan people are the insurgents. They are a cowardly enemy. However - and a brutal brutal enemy. And we're taking the fight to them that a better quality of life for the Afghan people. I for the Afghan people. I think very deeply about that. I think that's part of being an elder, that you do sense things deeply, and it's a sense of pride in the commitment, the dedication, the know, what they're doing, and to come and see them, as said, to talk to them about their lives here, their lives here, the sacrifices that they make, the choices they make, and that their families do, too, and I've been saying I've been saying to some of them that - communications must be for their families. Here, their families. Here, the energy levels are so Every day they work long days, they're taking on tasks. I've been thinking of their families at home, too, and I hope to see some of them. One of the young men One of the young men I met last night, it was his 21st birthday. You think about those things. things. Uh-huh. That's it. You have

respect to soldiers. Don't push them

and the cameraman was award-winning Michael Cox. To finish now on a the Australian War Memorial today opened a new today opened a new exhibition, 'A Is For Animals - Animals In War'. Here's a taste, and I will see you again at the time next week, when we will joined by Aussie actor Bryan Brown. Until then, goodbye. Closed Captions by CSI

Hi, I'm Andy Muirhead. Welcome to Collectors. Have a look at this little helicopter. It's beautiful. But who would collect something like this? Stick around and find out. THEME MUSIC 'It's form follows function tonight, with industrial design classics. Gordon, with HIS take on classics. God's own furniture.

And Collectors gets the horn.' Good evening, guys. Hi, Andy. Looking at the rhinoceros collection there, we've had a couple of animal ones before. Did you guys ever collect one particular animal? Yeah, I have to confess, I used to collect monkeys. Still do, really.