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7 Days -

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(generated from captions) of tracking down terror suspects London police rise to the challenge of space travel. and the highs and lows

I'm Joe O'Brien. Join me for Seven Days. This program is captioned live.

our weekly look at the world Hello and welcome to Seven Days, foreign correspondents. including reports from the ABC's for 'Asia Pacific Focus' And stay with us later with Helen Vatsikopoulos. London bombings British police investigating the after the worst possible start. ended the week on a high the Government was apologising Seven days ago, of an innocent man. for the police shooting into 27-year-old Brazilian Police had pumped eight bullets Jean Charles de Menezes,

believing he was a bombing suspect.

at his funeral in Brazil While thousands of angry mourners that could never be reversed, reflected on a tragedy was being restored. the reputation of British police After heavily armed raids in London, four would-be suicide bombers they announced they now had all of July 21 from the failed attacks in custody. at the beginning of the week, Our reports are from Kirsten Aiken account followed by Rafael Epstein's

of the dramatic London raids. With media watching, of the raids, but told not to broadcast news prepared to use tear gas dozens of heavily armed officers

This seemingly happy trip in Wales

from the first incidents. involved two bombers With media watching, of the raids, but told not to broadcast news prepared to use tear gas dozens of heavily armed officers and lethal force if needed. evacuated frightened locals Other plainclothes officers

and prepared to raid two homes. Then they went in. of gunshots, machine-gun fire, It was just a succession pump actions, ah, pistols,

just kept going into the building sort of...more and more armed police at the guy as well. we could hear 'em shouting The result - in the white suit, the arrest of the man main suspects, the brother of one of the four described as a significant catch - at all times. a gun is trained on him I went to look out the window people in gas masks who were outside and there were armed police and um, the other raid was a stalemate A short distance away, with a tense negotiation. Let me see your hands! Mohammed! Mohammed! So, he was saying to them that you're not going to shoot me? "How do I know when I come out, you're not going to shoot me?" "I'm scared, how do I know that And I think I heard, Mohammed. Come out, come out. to let the dogs in. "Or we're going

clothes off and come outside." Or, "Come out and take your Two men were arrested - one of them is Ibrahim Mukhtar Said, in east London. suspected of the attack on the bus The other Ramzi Mohammed, bomb a tube train near Oval Station. wanted over the failed attempt to And by the end of the day, the arrest of a fifth man. the Italian Government confirmed of the attack Hussein Osman, suspected

near Shepherds Bush Station. already in Birmingham, With Yassin Hassan Omar arrested from last week's failed attacks all four suspects are now in custody. thought to have recruited But police still want to find those and trained them. Witnesses say shot Jean Charles de Menezes a plainclothes officer at point-blank range five times a direction to stop. after he refused

on its pledge Pakistan is continuing to act radical Islamic underground. to crackdown on the country's a ban on anti-Western sermons Measures so far have included and the latest announcement studying at madrassas - is the expulsion of all foreigners Islamic religious schools. from Islamabad. The BBC's Nicholas Witchell reports MUSLIM PRAYER CALL to the border with Afghanistan, Most madrassas, like this one close are perfectly legitimate places many of them very poor, where Pakistanis, on the teachings of the Koran. receive an education based preach hatred A few madrassas, though, 7 July London bombers and at least one of the at one. is believed to have spent time leader, General Pervez Musharraf, In recent days, Pakistan's military and army chiefs has instructed police against extremists. to take a much tougher line Some 600 people have been detained. at a news conference in Rawalpindi, And then this afternoon he announced the latest measure -

from madrassas. foreigners are to be banned visas to these individuals We need to see when we are issuing for any religious activity, if they are coming to the madrassa. like they are coming we've stopped. We don't want any foreigners here, are here - there are about 1,400 - We've decided that all those who they must leave. And President Musharraf said against extremism would succeed. the wider campaign In Egypt, the involvement of six Pakistanis security officials have ruled out of last weekend. in the Sharm el-Sheik bombings when their forged passports Suspicion fell on the six were found in a hotel. They're illegal immigrants, three bombs that killed 67 people. but were not connected with the

but no breakthroughs yet. Up to 100 people have been detained have claimed responsibility. Three separate groups Matt Brown begins our coverage The ABC's Middle East correspondent followed by the BBC's Orla Guerin. This is the moment broke over Sharm el-Sheikh. a wave of devastation EXPLOSION BOOMS the pressures of life back home, Tourists, who came to escape and panic. were instead plunged into fear the bombs in London We'd just been talking about the word 'bombs', and just as I'd finished flash, a huge mushroom cloud. a huge explosion, a big The clean-up is now under way

of these blasts but evidence of the scale can not be removed so easily. Most of the dead were Egyptian

by militants in Egypt's history. and this is the deadliest attack he goes into a volatile election, Less than two months before Egypt's President, Hosni Mubarak, toured the scene.

Egyptian officials are developing a clearer picture of how the attacks were carried out - the car bomb that exploded in the old market area was packed with 200kg of explosives. The one that slammed into the Ghazala Gardens Hotel was even larger. A third bomb, thought to have been hidden in a sack, exploded on beachside walkway, popular with tourists out for a late night stroll. Local people, most employed in tourism, condemned the attacks which killed so many ordinary Egyptians. condemned the attacks which killed so many ordinary Egyptians. Just across the road, the remains of the hotel concealed from view. Egypt's most prized resort is hiding its scars from the tourists. Downtown in the old market, the souk, where one of the bombs exploded, we found a new sense of fear. It was mainly locals who were killed by the blast - people like Ahmed who make their living from the tourists. "Since the explosions, all of us are scared," he told us. "When we're on the streets, we're afraid of car bombs

"and we don't see many tourists." There were newcomers in this wounded place this afternoon. Almost half dropped out of this group from Britain, but others felt compelled to come. We thought we would share a bit of solidarity with the Egyptian people and the resort and just show that we're not afraid. That message echoed by the hotel workers tonight.

They lit candles, trying to reclaim the resort

which was marketed by Egypt as the city of peace. The poorest and the richest have been hit by record rainfalls in western India. More than 900 people have been killed in floods and landslides,

which also brought India's financial centre, Mumbai, to a standstill. Continuing heavy rains, strong winds and clogged drains have hampered the huge rescue operation. Mumbai suffered the most casualties. Transport systems collapsed, businesses ground to a halt. On the outskirts of the city, rescuers are still trying to reach those stranded by flooding

and still searching for survivors. In this suburb, it's feared nearly 200 people were killed after a massive landslide. Buried under the rubble are rows of flimsy houses. What's horrific is not only did it he mudslide drag those houses down, but it came crashing down on the people living underneath. Rescuers have already dragged out 80 bodies,

but they believe about 100 more are still buried inside. Across the state, persistent rainfall has made the relief effort even tougher. Mumbai is starting to trickle back to normality, but it's estimated insurance claims here will stretch to their millions. Some of the city's real estate is the most expensive in the world and many of India's biggest businesses are based here. They can calculate their losses.

The people who live here rely on their resilience to carry on. While London heals the wounds of this month's bombings, the organisation once responsible for bringing terror to its streets says it will disarm. The IRA has formally called an end to more than 30 years of armed struggle

against British rule in Northern Ireland. Europe correspondent Rafael Epstein reports.

The Irish Republican Army has gone from decades of violence... a future, it says, without violence and crime. There's a time to resist, to stand up and to confront the enemy, by arms, if necessary. In other words, unfortunately, there's a time for war. There's also a time to engage, to reach out, to put war behind us all. This is that time. The governments, which have put so much energy into the peace process, have told the IRA there would be no power sharing without such a move. Seven years after the Good Friday agreement,

they say it's a step of unparalleled magnitude. After all the false dawns and dashed hopes, peace replaced war, politics replaces terror

on the island of Ireland. Unionists will be angry that the IRA still insists its armed struggle was entirely legitimate and that there's no word on disbanding the IRA's units. And, as ever, weapons remain an issue. Action, not words. We've heard it all before.

You can wrap it up any way you like, put new paper on the package or put a new bit of ribbon on the package but it's not that we want. We want the action that proves that this has happened. If the IRA can show proof of its intentions, Downing St and Dublin will have helped end one of Europe's enduring sectarian conflicts.

US critics who want space shuttles permanently grounded got more ammunition last week soon after 'Discovery's joyously successful launch. NASA's euphoric re-entry into space for the first time since the 'Columbia' disaster has been tinged by anxiety. NASA experts are troubled by debris dislodged from the craft during take-off. The ABC's Norman Hermant and North America correspondent Leigh Sales report. And lift-off of the space shuttle 'Discovery' beginning America's new journey to the Moon, Mars and beyond. As the shuttle 'Discovery' blasted off,

it was clear this was no ordinary launch. Go, baby, go!

2.5 years after the 'Columbia' disaster, the shuttle's return to space was an emotional moment.

NASA employees watched and cheered. And this is one mission the American public is not taking for granted. My hairs on my arms are standing up. This is so amazing to see the space shuttle lift off into space without nothing tragical happening.

It's just amazing. But it didn't all go smoothly - scores of cameras recorded a suspected collision with a bird, a piece of the massive fuel tank falling off, and most seriously, damage to one of the crucial heat-shield tiles that surround the shuttle. Officials say if it's a serious problem, they'll find it. 'Discovery's crew does have a new option on board - an extension to the mechanical arm mounted with a laser camera, capable of detecting cracks measuring just 0.01cm.

When 'Discovery' arrived at the International Space Station today, it performed an unprecedented acrobatic feat, flipping over so astronauts could take photographs of parts of the shuttle they haven't yet been able to examine. When the 'Discovery' astronauts finished their manoeuvre, they went inside and were greeted warmly. VOICE-OVER: Andy Thomas now on board the International Space Station for the second time. Everything that we see at this point says that the orbiter, in fact, is a very clean bird. But it will be at least three days before NASA engineers can know that for sure. They're still working out why pieces of foam dislodged from the external fuel tank on lift-off. Something similar was blamed for the 2003 'Columbia' disaster, in which seven astronauts lost their lives. 'Discovery' is due to return to Earth on 7 August if NASA gives it a clean bill of health. Leigh Sales, ABC News. The spotlight was on Burma and Australia at the ASEAN summit that ended on Friday. Australia - because it caved in to pressure and agreed to sign South-East Asia's non-aggression treaty. And Burma because its military government also bowed to pressure and declined the chairmanship of ASEAN next year. South-East Asia correspondent Peter Lloyd has followed the meeting over several days in Vientiane. All 10 ASEAN foreign ministers were there for the announcement - a All 10 ASEAN foreign ministers were there for the announcement - a show of unity papering over internal tensions caused by Burma. the man from Rangoon said his government would be too busy with domestic politics to be able to fulfil its duties as chairman and host of over 500 annual meetings on the ASEAN calendar. We have to draft the national constitution

and then we have to make a referendum

and after that we make a free and fair election. It was a face-saving excuse from a regime that promises democracy, but never delivers it. But that allowed ASEAN to maintain the appearance of unity. ASEAN already appears to be paying a price for failing to persuade Burma to change its despotic ways.

For the first time in more than 20 years, the US Secretary of State won't be attending this meeting. Condoleezza Rice says it's a scheduling conflict, but here it's been seen as a snub. This was the climbdown Australia had to have. Foreign Minister Alexander Downer committing Australia's policy somersault to paper. It means John Howard can now attend the first East Asia summit in December. Some, with tongue in cheek, wanted to know if it changed Australia's sense of identity.

Do you now consider yourself an East Asian? Am I an East Asian? I'm an Australian. He may have signed up to the non-aggression treaty,

but Alexander Downer still insists that Australia has the right to launch pre-emptive military strikes in the region. The ASEANs don't like that policy, but they also didn't want public punch-up to spoil the moment here.

The Americans at these talks had no such qualms. Condoleezza Rice's number two took a swing at Burma as its foreign minister sat front row centre all stony faced. Politics problems like this, they actually become problems for the rest of us because it creates cancers within their societies

that have a danger of spreading. The ministers out aside their differences

at the conference dinner, Mr Downer camping up Australia's U-turn on the non-aggression treaty with a lyrically modified version of Elvis Presley's 'Now or Never'. # When we first saw you with your broad agenda...# (Sings shaky final note) Don't give up your day job, Mr Downer.

Finally to China, where Internet usage is booming

and so are "web celebrities" and, we're told, Internet addiction. China correspondent John Taylor reports. (Sings) # Every little thing that you have said and done # Feels like you've... # Meet the Backdorm Boys. They're two Chinese art college students

enjoying more than their 15 minutes of fame. They've become minor celebrities, thanks to their Internet musical parodies. The Internet is changing China. More than 100 million people now regularly click online in China. Unlikely stars have emerged. The notorious web diary of Sister Hibiscus boasts millions of hits. But there is a dark side to China's net use. (Speaks Chinese) "Internet chatting and computer games to me "are the solution of life," this man says. "Before I had no confidence left for this real world." He is a patient at China's first clinic treating the growing problem of Internet addiction.

Officially, China has more than 4 million Internet addicts who give up food, sleep, family and friends for a digital life.

But for all this Internet activity in China, there are still boundaries. China heavily censors the Internet for political content. More than 60 people are now in jail for their Internet writings. And the government now requires all China-based web sites to be officially registered. The Backdorm Boys don't care who people are or what they do, but the Chinese Government does.

Captions by Captioning and Subtitling International.