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7.30 -

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(generated from captions) Before we go, a brief recap

of our top stories tonight -

the Federal Court has given the

go-ahead for a class action

against the ANZ bank, finding

some of the bank's fees may bow

for the illegal. And police are hunting

boy brutally stabbed

boy brutally stabbed to death

in Sydney's west. That's the

news for now. You can keep up

to date 24 hours a day on ABC News online but stay with us now for 7:30 with Leigh Sales

now, goodnight. and Chris Uhlmann. From me for

Closed Captions by CSI

Sales. Some breaking news out Welcome to 7.30.

of Canberra shortly but first tonight the federal Labor

conference over the weekend

certainly did have a real

policy debate, even if the

there was plenty of colour and outcomes were assured. And

movement. It showed there's

still life in the party and that the Prime Minister doesn't

always get her own way. But it

also show case ed the divisions

between Julia Gillard and Kevin Rudd and as Chris Uhlmann reports the

reports the conference squibbed

on answering some of the profound questions about Labor's future.

(Emotional music)

We are at a critical point.

decision. Our party faces a

This situation is now dire.

Delegates, our party is in

decline. This 46th conference

comes at a time when Labor's

membership is haemorrhaging, it's being snuffed out in the

State and it's standing in the

polls is at all-time lows. Its

leadership knows it needs to regenerate but that means somebody has to give up some And getting smaller. Our power. Our membership is small. power. Our

membership is old and getting

older. We used to laugh at the

Liberals for not banning

around the country. I can tell

you at the last federal

election we had parts of Australia where we couldn't man

booths for the first time in

some years. Labor has had the

courage to change Australia.

And delegates, today we must find the courage to change

ourselves. Did Labor find that

courage at this yrchs?

Certainly there was a call for

a return to real debate. I want us to

us to have a fair dinkum Labor

Party conference. And there

were genuine policy fights. The

headline was the showdown over same-sex same-sex marriage. Surely

Australia has reached

Australia has reached a point where we can value

relationships by markers such

as respect, commitment and

love. Are we now going to suddenly turn our back on

something which up until today

we have said is a core

value? AUDIENCE: Yes! The

momentum for same-sex marriage

was unstoppable. I declare it


The condition sense vote was

also carried, hm certainly

ensuring the defeat of same-sex marriage where it really matters. In Parliament. I

wanted to have a conscience vote and we will. The party's

leadership was also at odds

over a large part of its base

third countries to process over its determination to

asylum seekers but hard reality

has convinced some that

deterrent is essential to fight

people smuggling. They are part

of transnational criminal

enterprises that include human

trafficking, the pd Mo dern day equivalent of slavery. In

order to ease the pain of

including offshore processing

in the also included the aspiration to

increase the annual refugee

intake from 13 to 20,000

dissenters. Yet through the places. That didn't placate the

Malaysia agreement we are proposing to discriminate against asylum seekers in a way

their that fundamentally breaches

their human rights. There was

one other deeply polarising

debate. A decision to enable

debate. A decision to enable us

to sell uranium to India. And

it was vigorously don't want Labor's light on the

hill to be a green pulsating nuclear light. Prime Minister,

you are wrong. Ministers, you

heavyweight lined one the left are wrong. And one right wing

for deeply personal reasons.

Steve haven't Conroy comes from

Winscale in England. There in

1957, the United Kingdom suffered its worst nuclear

charge of carrying the Geiger accident. My uncle

counter round said after

thinking about it for a while

if you've got a choice, don't be

be in it. So I've never voted

for it and I'm not going to

vote for it today . (Applause)

The ban on selling uranium

deeply upsets many of the Indian constituents in Michelle Rowland's Western Sydney seat. Delegates, our Prime

Minister, look just because you

order ind Indian butter

chicken doesn't make you an

expert. And Anthony Albanese

rarely admits defeat. We were

told early on in

that the mining and export of uranium is a settled matter. It

is not and Stephen Conroy

showed us today with his contribution. (Applause) But

again, the left was defeated by

the right, which commanded 220

of the conference's 400 delegates. I declare it carried. The Prime Minister

but has finished this year strongly

conference were disappointed by

her performance here. Friends, this is the Labor way. This is

the Australian way. We follow

it simply because we are us.

The Prime Minister's opening

speech fell flat and was widely

criticised by supporters criticised by supporters and

critics alike. The message was

clear enough. Yes to jobs. To

clear enough. Yes to jobs. To

growth. To fairness. Labor says

yes to Australia's future. But

affair and there was one large it was a passionless, awkward

sin of omission in the roll

call of her Labor

responsibilities of government predecessors. The

are the responsibilities of

hard choice. Curtin knew

when he raised conscripts for

military service overseas.

Chifley knew that in the industrial winter of 1949.

Whitlam knew it when he ended

the bitter debate over state

aid. Hawke and Keating knew it

every day they governed. And we

know it now. The airbrushing know

of Kevin Rudd from history

inflamed the tensions between

the Prime Minister and the

Foreign Minister. Are you

planning a leadership challenge? I'm very happy being the Foreign Minister. enjoyed the job. No matter

what's said, a showdown looks

likely in the new year. But

longer term, there's no sign

that the big questions this conference posed have been

properly addressed. How does

the Labor Party regenerate and

reform for the 21st

century? What we see in this

Labor Party is energy and

debate. There's nothing hidden. It's all on having a legitimate debate

about the future of this

nation. Do some people who

have power have to ghif that

power up? Absolutely and the party can't be run party can't be run by bureaucrats and apparatchiks.

We have to be a party that's a rank and file grass roots

party. That's the challenge

between now and the next

conference. It's hard to see

how the small reform steps

embraced on the weekend will

drive a Labor membership

rebirth. And without it,

Labor's future is uncertain. Our party has been here for a

hundred years. What is at stake

is that we ensure we're around

for another hundred years. The Labor Government has announced

it's made a decision about a

vexed issue. The contract for the Australia Network international television

service. For the details let's

cross to political editor Chris

Uhlmann. What exactly has been

announced ? The government has

decided that will stay with the

ABC, the Australia Network that

is. Permanently. You do know

that this was put out to tender

and that Sky also applied to

run Something that the ABC's been

doing for some time. And that

it would appear through the

course of that that Sky won

that tender process twice, but

then there were quite a number

of leaks and the government

says that the process was

compromised by that. And now

it's made a decision to ensure that the ABC keeps it

permanently. Could this be subject to challenge then by

Sky News? It certainly could

be. Because there has been a

process and the government

hasn't followed that process

and I know the government has

been very, very careful about

what it's been saying in public to make sure to make sure that it limits the opportunity for Sky to

challenge this process. It also

harks back to something we were talking about in that story

that we just heard, and that is the conflict between the

Foreign Minister and the Prime

Minister and in this case the Communications Minister.

Because there are deep suspicions in the government

about who leaked the results of

the tender process, and some of

the fingers are being pointed at the Foreign Minister.

Whatever happens this story has a long way yet to run. It will be very interesting. Back to

the ramifications of the Labor

conference. Now that Labor has

official le endorsed gay

marriage the question is how it

will unfold in the Parliament and what community sentiment

will be. Labor has agreed on a

conscience vote but it's widely

accepted a change to the

Marriage Act won't survive the apartment. apartment. The broader question

is how the issue will play at

the ballot box. Sydney couple

Sandy Miller and Louise Buck

have become a public face of the campaign for marriage

lobbying MPs ahead of the ALP

national conference. For us,

the next step is to get married, to make married, to make that commitment in front of the

people we love, our family,

friends, and be recognised.

Legally and everywhere else,

that this is my wife. A very

personal issue for them has

become political. Triggering

passionate debate on the

national stage and bringing protesters onto the streets but

just how big an issue is it

the community? I think this is

a reform whose time has come

and I think that the Australian

public would like the

government to get over it, and get on with it. There get on with it. There are

enough people out there

certainly in faith communities

who fundamentally disagree with

this and disagree strongly that

this will definitely hurt Labor

in a close election. Jim

Wallace represents the

Australian Christian lobby. His organisation has collected

120,000 signatures on an anti-gay marriage Many he says coming from

marginal ALP seats and he

predicts an electoral backlash

against Labor particularly

amongst the 20% of people he

says are church says are church goers. I have never seen the churches

actually put together over

100,000 signatures on an issue.

20% of the population, I would

believe, are absolutely annoyed

hat this

questioned whether this will

necessarily change votes They

are very influential especially for their congregations. But

will they have the power to

dictate what people do in the

privacy of their ballot box? Possibly, possibly not. There are a whole raft of other

issues that will presumably be

going through people's mines

when they turn up to vote in a

few years' time. They will be

concerned about health care,

education, immigration, all

those sorts of things. This is than the issue that people will

vote for. But federal Labor MP

John Murphy is deeply worried. I'm shattered because

the people who have pushed this

agenda are seeking to redefine

marriage. And marriage has been

around as a union of a man and a woman for thousands of

years. A member of the party's

right wing, the Catholic MP

represents the inner Western Sydney electorate of Reid,

which has the largest Muslim

population in the country. Many

of whom he believes Labor. I think we could lose at

least eight seats in New South

Wales and another 12 seats in

worth States. That's serious

for the ALP. Whilst we will

lose very few votes I believe

from the gay community, from

the conservative community, who

support the Labor Party, they

will leave us in droves. But Alex Greenwich from the pro-reform group Australian

Marriage Equality argues such

dire pribs are unfounded. He

commissioned showed 62% of Australians support same-sex

marriage and that voter

intention polling suggest it is

could deliver a 7% swing to

Labor. I think the Labor will

get a boost from this. get a boost from this. The

Labor Party is returning to its

core values of fairness and

equality. I think they'll get a

lot of new voters particularly from the Greens and young

voters. He says a galaxy poll

released today also shows three

quarters of coalition voters

support their MPs also having a conscience vote although it's yet to be supported by Tony Abbott. The Liberal Party is a broad

church. As we know. And it has

a diversity of views And I believe that there will

be a great deal of debate. The openly gay New South Wales

State member for Coogee, whose electorate overlaps much of Malcolm Turnbull's, says

progressive Liberals like him

will come under pressure to

cross the floor without a

conscience vote. I would think

way to go about it is to allow

people a conscience vote and

remember conscience votes

really are a reflection of the

community and the electorates. We'll

trying to prevail on the

coalition that it should not go

to a conscience vote. It's made

a promise for the term of this

Parliament. Like the Labor Party, we

Party, we expect it to keep

it. This issue really will be

bubbling along. And ultimately,

the writing is on the wall. We

can see that this is going to

be the future of policy. This will - there will

be a change. Whether it's now

or whether in the future

remains unclear. And that's a

view shared by Sandy Miller and Louise

Louise Buck. You know, it used

to be that you never to be that you never heard about anyone having a gay

relative a son a daughter a

cousin a brother, an uncle. It

used to be in the choz et, it

used to be hidden but now there

are not many families that are

not affected by it, who don't

know someone who's in a same

sex relationship. It's not a

dirty word. And a private

member's Bill on gay marriage

put forward by Labor Jones is expected to go before

the Federal Parliament in the

first half of next year.

first half of next year. Burma

is entering a new era of international engagement international engagement after decades of isolation. Hillary

Clinton has visited the nation

the first US Secretary of State

to do so in 50 years. The

ruling military junta also

opened the doors to the media for the visit and allowed

journalists from around the

globe to report freely for the

first time. The ABC's Zoe

Daniel was there but she


kept out of sight of most

cameras. Even six months ago, politics was only discussed in

whispers in tea shops in the backstreets backstreets of Rangoon. Now, it's front-page news. While

talking politics still makes

people nervous there is

cautious optimism that change

is finally coming. I had think

things are on the improve,

yes. What most people really

need here is a better quality

of life. Decades of repression Economically, Burma is far behind its neighbours. That's

one key reason for what appears

to be the government's sudden

stunning appetite for reform that may finally force what's

been a pariah state out into

the light. It seems like the

reformers are in power. They're

moving ahead. So maybe they

seem to realise that if we don't take these steps,

rapidly they'd lag behind their Thailand and Singapore and

Malaysia. Take a look at

Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos. Thiha

Saw has been running magazines

in Rangoon for 20 years. In a country where people are routinely jailed

routinely jailed for political

comment, it's been fraught but

he thinks all of that is about

to change, too, with new media

laws expected next year, and

the possible abolition of censorship altogether. There

will no longer be free censorship. That us. That's all major? That

sounds really great for us. Do

you think it's real? Do you

feel confident that this fath

is going to continue in the

direction it's going? Yeah,

that's a good question and that

kind of question I've been

asked by a lot of my friends.

Is this genuine or is it just a dream or

dream or will it be realiseed?

My view is that, I mean, the

current regime, the current

Cabinet, they are quite serious

about reforms and the reforms

will go ahead. Maybe not to the

point that we'd like it to be but and going and going. Local

media freedom is just one step

towards democracy. But in a country that's so heavily

restricted free speech it's a test for the government that

claims to be ready A number of

international journalists have

entered the country in the last

week. For many of us who work

in the region, for the first

time, with official permission.

It will only be next time we

apply for a visa to enter the

country that we'll know if that

was a one-off or if it

represents a shift in policy.

For the first time, we were

able to visit the

of the opposition. A place

we've avoided in the past as

it's closely watched by

government agents. Now that the

party has been allowed to

legally reregister as a

political entity, things are operating a lot more freely

here too. Spokesman Win Htein

is a former political prisoner

of 14 years and one of the

movement's foundation members. It's twin question. We have

been under stress for

20 years. He says the

government wants legitimacy and

engaging with Aung San Suu Kyi

may help them get it. In an undeniable sign of progress, democracy campaigner and Opposition Leader Aung San Suu Kyi hosted the US Secretary of

State and a massive press pack

at her home last week. It's

just 13 months since she was

released after spending 15 of

21 years locked in this very

house. Her party will contest

forthcoming by-elections. And

she's expected to she's clear. Progress so far

has been minor and there are

major issues yet to be solved,

particularly in areas unseen by the media. All hostility must

cease within this country as

soon as possible, so that we may build a union that's prosperous

prosperous and stable. Whatever

we do in the predominantly

Burmese areas, we hope to be

matched by similar programs and projects in projects in the ethnic nationality areas. We are a

union of many peoples and in a

union of many peoples there

must be equality, there must must be equality, there must be

consideration for those who are

in gracious need. Among the

most desperate are the Kachin

people in Burma's far north

where fighting has worsened

since last year's election. The

government-backed military a

been accused of war crimes,

brutal treatment of civilians and use ing illegal

weapons. Yesterday my father,

brother and his wife were

captureded. Although my father and brother escaped and brother escaped his wife

has not been found. It's just

one of many long-running

conflicts where minority ethnic

groups have faced generations

of persecution by Burmese

Government forces I took what I

needed in my basket and I

started running. Tens of thousands of people have been

displaced by fighting here in

the last few the last few months. Many are

now cowering in makeshift camps

on the Chinese border. My body

was shaking. We cannot light

candles, if they see the candles, if they see the light the soldiers will start shooting. We are beg for food.

We have nothing. All the

children are starving. Even as

the government promises it will

pursue peace deals with rebel

groups, there are claims of

chemical warfare. The junta soldier failed a chemical

agents. I inhaled it and felt

terrible weakness. Government has apparently signed a

ceasefire deal with rebels in a

neighbouring state in the last

few days. Whether they do the same with other rebel groups

will be a test of their sincerity about bringing democracy, equality and basic

human dignity to the people of

Burma. Australia will soon have

the world's largest marine

reserve but it could come at a cost. The nation's commercial

fishing industry says the

Federal Government has gone too

far in its effort to protect

vast swathes of ocean. From

next year, kilometres will be protected,

forcing some tishermen to move or close

or close down. There's another whole Australia that most people

don't fully appreciate. It's

blue. And it is filled with

life. Fish there, nowhere else

on earth. Crabs there, nowhere else on earth. Systems here. We can't just continue to go

round hacking away at the big

blue engine that keeps us alive

and still get away with

it. It's been called the blue

halo that surrounds the

Australian continent. A

spectrum of life that demands

protection. But how much of the nation's waters should nation's waters should be quarantined? The government

proposals in this case are just

extremism. This is the most radical proposals we have ever seen. Have to

about earth as this little blue

speck in the universe. It's all

there is. It's their only

home. It doesn't make you feel

very good. It doesn't make my

staff feel very good. At the

Cairns wharf, fishing boats are returning. It's the end of

another season. Time to take

stock, carry out repairs,

look ahead. But the year 2012

will bring a moment of truth

for the industry. A moment that

long-time fishermen long-time fishermen like Bob

Lamason dread. We will be

totally closed and we also totally closed and we also run

like the retail shop, we have a

fish factory. We also supply

wholesale into the town. But

all that is generated from the

fish that we catch. So without

that, we haven't got anything.

The sentiment isn't confined to the far north. Australia's network of network of marine reserves is

slowly taking shape. And it

stretches around the entire coastline. The south-east was

the first to be declared in 2006. Next 2006. Next comes the south west, half a million square

kilometres of ocean will soon

be protected. More reserves

will be set aside in the north

west, across the top of the

continent, and on the east

coast. But the Coral Sea

reserve is the biggest of all.

It will be the largest marine protection zone protection zone in the world. A million square kilometres will

be locked away next year. We're

not going to wait for

everything to be endangered.

Heres a an area that is still

relatively pristine. It's part

of a great part in terms of environmental protection and

biodiversity. Also part of our military history. It's significant to not wait for

things to be endangered but to protect it now. We never

expected anything like this.

What you're looking at here is

the government's

would make Australia 45% of the

world's Marine Parks. And quick out an industry basically

fishing which has the lowest

carbon footprint of all protein sources. When you think about

that, this is just

contradictory and almost bizarre.

Into this murky, deep-sea

debate, enters the interested

American observer. Dr Syliva Earle is a

renowned oceanographer and former Chief Scientist at the US oceanic and atmospheric

administration. She's administration. She's in the

country to lobby the Australian Government to stay the course.

A plan is being put forward.

Some will say "Oh that's too

much." Others will say "Oh

can't we do more than that?" If the fish could vote, ha ha, if

those in the future could vote,

they'd be on the side of let's

really do as much as we can to

secure the special areas in the

ocean. Dr Earle has been to

Australia by an American

think-tank that campaigns worldwide for marine

protection. The local fishing industry resents their

involvement. And their access

to Australia's decision makers. Sylvia makers. Sylvia is a well-known

radical proponent of Marine

Parks. If you can't have them elsewhere, then grab Australia.

Why do you think Pugh are doing

this, why do you think Dr Earle

is doing this, simply because

Australia is a soft touch. I

used to give the fishermen a

hard time. I said "You only

value fish when they're dead.

When you kill them, you take them to market, that's when

they have a value." There has

to be a value for live fish not

just dead fish. In the Coral Sea zone,

very much concerned with value.

Like how much compensation can

they count on from Canberra? Some areas for fishing Some areas for fishing will remain. But they remain. But they won't suit everyone. The nearest part of

the Coral Sea that I can fish

this is about 350, 400 miles

from here and that doesn't mean

to say that the fish are going

to be there so you can steam

for 400 miles at a hell of a

cost, and still find no

fish. Of course I sympathise

with those whose livelihoods

depend on extracting ocean wildlife as a means of making a

living. I'm really sympathetic mostly with those who are

feeding their families. Their

communities. I'm less sympathetic with those who fish

on an industrial scale. just big business.

Big and small businesses are

resigned to their fate. The minister's determination to make it happen is crystal


We will end up with the largest area in the world

having a significant level of protection.

process and this is what they

want to do just get on with it

and put us out of our

misery. This is the time. We have maybe the next 10 years,

the most important in the next

10,000 years, to shape a future that will work. Not just for

the people of Australia who

live here now, but for those

who far into the future will look back

look back on this time and say

"Thank you." That's the program same time tomorrow, but for now, goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI

NARRATOR: In this episode of Who's Been Sleeping In My House? just who is responsible for this ingenious piece of architecture? Not one room has a square wall to it. Can we unlock the meaning of its puzzling name?