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(generated from captions) It's not a threat. That's a promise. Is that a threat? for your own good then so be it. If that means nicking you And I will not let you down. I won't let you down. Dad, I am not going to get nicked. Can't you see that? I'd be finished in the job. If somebody else had nicked you, So, what is the point? all drugs are going to be legal. Five years from now, I don't see what the big deal is. Personally, Like I was part of it! You used my name as a guarantee. Look, you've got it wrong. for a drug dealer. Occupational hazard Get used to it. than in a police cell. better ways of spending my evening No, not really. I can think of aren't you? You're really pleased with yourself, Better late than never. I'll have a quick word with him. Are you sure? Let me show him out.

Next time on The Bill - Benjamin! Stop! about Gabriel raping her. I need to know what Kerry said Do you believe it? Dad! Don't walk away from me. Dad!

BETH DALEY and CHRIS STANNERS itfc subtitles

This program is captioned live. THEME MUSIC the ugly - in Brazil's wild west. Tonight - the good, the bad and here There is a violence and lawlessness that is killing the Amazon who call it home. and the weak and defenceless people

in China. And dodging the cooking pot translates to "spoiled animal". The Chinese word for pet literally It's a dog's life. to Foreign Correspondent. Hello, and welcome I'm Eric Campbell in the Amazon. For more than 30 years,

developing its vast rainforest, Brazil has been rapaciously of an environmental disaster raising fears that could affect the whole planet. the Amazon heartland. Now there's a new push to carve up to resist it, And for those fighting a life and death struggle. it's become literally

EVOCATIVE PIPE MUSIC PLAYS and it's becoming a battleground. It is the world's largest forest,

killed in land conflicts These crosses represent 752 people in Brazil's north since the 1970s. like its forest canopy. Death now hangs over the Amazon may well be its next victim. And this 64-year-old nun travels with police or bodyguards. Sister Leonora Brunetto only

death threats She's received repeated with landless peasants. because of her work were recently murdered. Two of the men she works with

of killing them. And this is the man she accuses

who wants the peasants' land. He's a local rancher

but he insists he's no villain. He goes by the name of 'Black Hat'

TRADITIONAL MUSIC PLAYS fought all over the Amazon. Conflicts like this are being peasants On one side are impoverished from small plots of land. trying to scratch a living

to claim the Amazon for themselves. On the other, big ranchers trying not just the future of the forest It's a battle that will determine but of millions who live here.

sided with the poor peasants, Brazil's Catholic church has long don't endanger the Amazon. arguing their small farms

Nuns like Sister Leonora farmers trying to seize their land. have tried to stand up to the big

of church-run settlements This camp is part of a network to fight for their rights. encouraging peasants of them would have fled long ago. If not for Sister Leonora, most

moved here The families in this camp big cities from the slums of Brazil's promised to grant them after the federal government 16,000 hectares. by local ranchers But they were forced off who produced titles to the land, claim were forged. titles the families And that's the problem here, of who owns what land. nobody can be quite sure

so quickly and haphazardly The Amazon has been settled

to their plots of land. that few people have secure title by farmers and ranchers And all risk having it seized in league with corrupt officials. here There is a violence and lawlessness that is killing the Amazon who call it home. and the weak and defenceless people

RAIN PATTERS Brazil was virgin rainforest. Until recently, most of northern Amazon River and its tributaries, White settlers farmed around the to the vast interior but there was no way in

were indigenous tribes. where the only inhabitants Then, in the 1970s, to colonise the Indians' land. Brazil's military government decided of dirt roads into the jungle. It built thousands of kilometres

into squalid settlements The Indians were displaced and the Amazon land grab began.

THOUGHTFUL PIPE MUSIC PLAYS there's almost no forest left. In some areas,

It's really shocking. for kilometres and kilometres. It is absolutely cleared destroyed, To see just how much has been we flew over the forest Greenpeace. with the environmental group land clearing Carlos Rittl has been monitoring for giant soy and cattle farms. of up to 10,000 hectares, Within minutes, we found clearings the size of small towns illegally. and all of it had been clear-felled

for clearing land. Few developers are ever fined

a small dent in their profits. When they are, it's usually

Like the Catholic Church, peasants and Indians Greenpeace supports farms in the Amazon. building small, sustainable being cleared by rich farmers, But it believes the huge areas of corrupt officials often with the blessing are destroying the forest.

15% of the Amazon has been cleared, In just three decades, the size of France. an area of devastation

like Alberto Cesario, But big cattle farmers, they've vandalised the land. bristle at suggestions He sees himself as a pioneer, for the benefit of Brazil. opening up a region he loves

the ranchers Mr Cesario is one of of stealing the peasants' land. Sister Leonora accuses He admits that Black Hat is part of his group

but denies they've made any threats.

EERIE MUSIC PLAYS nearby town of Peixoto de Azevedo. We caught up with Black Hat in the It's a frontier truck stop and a former goldmine where men have long meted out their own form of rough justice. Many are believed to be 'pistoleiros' - hired gunmen for the local ranchers. Black Hat, whose real name is Sebastiao Neves de Almeida, is one of the town's most notorious residents. He once spent two years on the run after police charged him with keeping slaves on his ranch. He told us the landless peasants were telling lies about him because of his reputation.

In the camp, they tell a different story.

Sister Leonora claims local police have refused to investigate the threats. Federal police accompany her when she visits the camp, but she's turned down an offer of full-time protection until the landless people are given the same guarantee. Instead, she tries to stay one step ahead of the gunmen, only visiting her house to pray and pick up clothes.

INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC PLAYS Ever since the roads were built in the 1970s, they've spread development and bloodshed. We travelled hundreds of kilometres along the main Amazon highway, the R163. It's little more than a muddy, dirt track. There aren't even bridges over the rivers that criss-cross the region.

Every car and truck has to be shipped across by barge.

But as primitive as this road is, it's already changed the Amazon forever. Every few kilometres there were more dirt roads leading off to more cleared areas and more farms.

Every town had timber mills sawing up the remains of rainforest. And almost every town had landless peasants living in fear. CHURCH SERVICE At Anapu, near the Amazon River, we found a community in mourning for a murdered American nun. Sister Dorothy Stang was shot dead a year earlier on the orders of a local rancher. She, too, had been helping the landless to build-up small farms. At this memorial service,

they tried to celebrate her achievements and hope her work would not be in vain. But others have since received death threats, including the town priest, Father Jose Amaro. He told us he felt no comfort from the strong police presence outside the church.

To show just how little protection they have, Father Amaro led a graphic demonstration in a field beside Dorothy Stang's grave.

They planted a white cross for each person killed in land conflicts here. Few of their murderers have ever been jailed. The 68 red crosses represent the number now living under threat of death. The federal politician trying to sort out the mess knows only too well the terror facing such communities. Marina Silva was born in a poor Amazon village and raised by nuns. She became a green activist,

working with the union leader Chico Mendes when he was murdered for defending rural workers in 1988.

In 2003, she was appointed minister for the environment in the new left-wing government of President Luiz Inacio da Silva. She insists progress is being made.

But the slow pace of change has frustrated her former colleagues.

The community fears it's now facing an even bigger wave of land grabs.

The federal government has approved plans to upgrade the main road BR-163, making it the first paved highway through the Amazon. For truck drivers like Mario Manioto, it's long overdue.

In the wet season, it can take him several weeks to drive the often impassable dirt track to the Amazon River port of Santarem. Sometimes he has to literally dig his way through. Now the sheer difficulty of transporting goods has been a stop on the rapacious development of the Amazon.

But when the highway is paved, the journey will take just hours. It will be an El Dorado for export. of the Amazon heartland. And some fear it will spell the end the road would be paved Even the announcement caused a frenzy of land clearing, land beside the highway. as developers rushed in to claim deforestation rose 500%. The federal government estimates explode once the road is paved. Environmentalists claim it will control of the area And if the government doesn't take for the region, for the community, this will be an absolute disaster for everybody. Everybody will lose. The project has powerful backers. potentially richest industries One of Brazil's biggest and is soy farming, producing cheap cattle feed for European markets. A fast and cheap export route would allow Brazilian farmers to compete with soy producers in the US.

Big farmers like Carlos Prevadello insist it's essential to revive Brazil's exports. There's no doubt Brazil needs development. The problem is how it's carried out in a region where corruption is endemic and many politicians are themselves big developers.

The state governor, Blairo Maggi, soy producer. is also the world's single biggest for this story. He declined to be interviewed

Marina Silva has been caught lobby between this strong agricultural by environmentalists. and a vocal campaign 15 million hectares of reserve land She's proposed creating along the highway to stop more clearing that's claimed so many victims. and to crack down on the violence

ACCORDION MUSIC PLAYS But time is running out like this landless camp, in communities continues to urge them where Sister Leonora to keep the faith.

to this long-running war, Few can see an end in which the rule of the gun than the rule of law. has always been stronger for their families. They came here to build new lives with the forest around them. But their hopes have been cut down in the Year of the Dog - Next tonight, obsession. a story about China's latest the term as an insult, Chairman Mao used but these days, the most pampered members running dogs are some of of the People's Republic. to be top dog. John Taylor finds out what it's like AND DOGS BARK TRADITIONAL CHINESE MUSIC PLAYS

on the edge of Beijing, At a sprawling showground have come to market. thousands of pet dealers and owners

scorned dog ownership, Not so long ago, Communist China linking it with the ruling class of the bourgeoisie. and the decadent lifestyles No more - the dog is back. pet-related products in China The market for pets and now exceeds $2 billion a year. another animal is celebrated. Each year in the Chinese zodiac, In 2006, it's the canine's turn. In this Year of the Dog, has been rehabilitated man's best friend and brought in from the cold. has embraced the canine China's growing middle class and modernity. as a symbol of affluence But for many animals here, of suffering and pain. it's still a dog's life are Chuppies - Gao Bo and his wife, Wang Lixin, young, Chinese and upwardly mobile. of middle-class success - They enjoy the trappings well paying jobs, nice clothes a spacious new apartment, and to round off their ideal lives, spend hours each day in a tiny cage. a lapdog and two larger friends that

right now, The couple don't want a child but they've always wanted pet dogs. Now they can afford them. in their apartment, By law they're allowed only one dog but they sneak in two more their respective parents' homes. by claiming they live at comes from Australia Their young border Collie, Summer,

than many Chinese earn in a year. and was imported for vastly much more is Shetland sheepdog, Chocolate. But the star of the trio He's in training for dog competitions and the lounge room doubles as practice ground. The dogs are so important. They all recently had to move home.

The dogs are surrogate children. For millions of mandatory one-child families in China, dogs are a welcome extra companion, lavished with attention. Xiang Xiang has an extensive wardrobe and an outfit for every occasion. Just as dogs are snapped up for pets, they're also disposed of.

On the outskirts of Beijing, Zhang Luping runs a centre for abandoned and abused animals. Not so long ago, places like this didn't exist. Today it's home for 400 former pets. Zhang Luping says have been very hard on dogs. that historically most Chinese was to guard the farm. Their sole purpose not pets. Anywhere else they were pests, Such old thinking is disappearing.

many new owners view dogs as toys. But she complains that Toys are easily tossed aside.

Mao Mao is coming in the cold. on his second chance. He's an abandoned dog living in an animal shelter He was abused and decided to bring him home. when He Ping and her husband with a simple apartment. They're a poor family is not limited to the wealthy. But in Beijing, pet ownership

The cost of Mao Mao

takes a big bite out of the family's small income. It's the price they willingly pay for company. The Chinese word for "pet" literally translates to "spoiled animal". Mrs He calls Mao Mao her second son. And Mao Mao is top dog to their teenage boy. Their real son, Zhao Lei, accepts the situation. During the Cultural Revolution, police killed dogs on sight. They were considered the playthings of the rich and powerful. their anti-pet sentiments Authorities are slowly shaking off are here to stay. and accepting that dogs registration costs and annual fees. Beijing recently slashed for unregistered animals. Today the Dog Squad is out patrolling or a lead. This man doesn't have a licence to get the dog back. He'll need to pay a fine There are still tight restrictions the importation of breeds, on everything from allowed in certain areas. to the size of dogs approach to dogs on the streets. There's good reason for this tough Just in Beijing by dogs every month. as many as 6,000 people are attacked infectious disease, Rabies is China's deadliest greater than even TB and AIDS. Dr Zhang Chunhua is a rabies expert with Beijing's Centre for Disease Control. She says mad dog disease kills about 2,000 Chinese every year.

19-year-old Liu Zhao was playing with his own pet dog when it bit him. Rabies clinics treat even minor scratches seriously. Dogs can be infected without showing any symptoms.

It's thought that as many as 10% of China's dogs have rabies. For rabies experts, has to be handled carefully. China's dog ownership boom Pets are responsible presented in Beijing's clinics. for half of all the bites place for the dog here. But there is a much more traditional but on their dinner plates. It's not on the lap of the Chinese, for the restaurant trade. In markets like this, dogs are sold

consumer of dog meat, China is the world's greatest a year. eating as many as 20 million dogs most die horrible deaths. Animal rights groups claim

on Beijing's outskirts. Wang Qiming owns this dog farm The dogs here are a special cross and a St Bernard. between a local Chinese breed The offspring grow fast and the meat is said to be tender with little fat. More than 1,000 dogs a year end up at Mr Wang's other business - his restaurant.

Its spruikers claim dog meat is a warming winter dish, and more nutritious than beef or lamb. The restaurant's signature dish is dog hot-pot. Only animals between six months and a year old are used.

It's a Sunday afternoon and owners from across Beijing a special competition. are taking part in who we met earlier, Amateur trainer, Gao Bo, has left his plush apartment star pupil, Chocolate. and come with one of his three pets, has paid off. The lounge room training and effortlessly breezes through. The Shetland sheep dog is a standout overall winner. Eventually Chocolate is declared

over the past two decades China's increased prosperity of millions of people. has improved the lives The same goes for many dogs in China. But in the Year of the Dog, of good fortune. man's best friend has no guarantee And that's our program for tonight. Hello. I'm Mark Simkin in Homer, Alaska, home to a very large population of bald eagles. The US is an incredibly patriotic place and you'd think it's national symbol would be treated with respect,

perhaps even reverance. But here, the eagles are seen as something of a pest

and there's a bitter battle looming. For some people they become vigilantes and say, "I've lost my Jack Russell terrier, you know, I've lost my chickens, I've lost my ducks, my kid's rabbits." I asked one guy point blank, I said, "Well, how'd you handle it?" "Well I solved the problem with a .22." It makes me very angry and upset that somebody thought that that was the solution. That's Foreign Correspondent, Tuesday night, right after 'The Bill'. Captions by Captioning and Subtitling International.

THEME MUSIC Good evening and welcome to Set, a series dedicated to presenting Australia's premier experimental music acts. Tonight's show is dedicated to

the groundbreaking improvisational trio The Necks, with Chris Abrahams on piano, Tony Buck on drums and Lloyd Swanton on bass. They've produced 12 critically acclaimed and highly successful albums.

After years of touring, they've built a consistent and dedicated following both internationally and at home.

Their live shows are distinctive and hypnotic, as they take us through a seamless progression of different moods and atmospheres.

In 1998, their evocative soundtrack for Rowan Woods's film 'The Boys' was nominated for an AFI, and in 2004, their 11th album, 'Drive By', received the ARIA for Best Jazz Release. Decidedly difficult to pigeonhole, The Necks inhabit a space somewhere between jazz, minimalism and ambient music, yet they remain distinct from all these forms. We hope you enjoy it.