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live. Tonight - North Korea

goes nuclear. Just how will the

world respond? We are both

disturbed and out raged at this

action by North Korea which

should be condemned in the

strongest possible terms. T3

unveiled and there's sweeteners

for those willing to buy.

Charges likely over Sydney's

latest bushfire and a final

salute to the Australian who

lent them a hand. Good evening,

Juanita Phillips with ABC News.

Defiant, dangerous and now

decidedly a member of the

nuclear club - North Korea has

ignored international warnings

and carried out its first

nuclear test just as it said it

would. The news has sent a diplomatic shockwave around the

world. Even its traditional

ally, China, has labelled the

test a brazen act. John Howard

says Canberra will push for harsh sanctions against North

Korea. The underground

explosion was detected by

sensors around the south

Pacific region. South Korea

says it came that 11:36 Sydney

time, generating a tremor of 3

magnitude. A test is the

ultimate demonstration of North

Korea's nuclear capabilities.

Just after half past 10 this

morning South Korea detected an

under grn jolt. Shortly after

North Korean media admitted the

tests. Military forces in the

region were immediately placed

on high alert. The United

States has already warned it

weent tolerate a nuclear North

Korea. South Korea's Government

held an emergency Cabinet meeting.

TRANSLATION: Our Government

will take stern measures

krooring to our principle not

to accept the north's position

of nuclear weapons. Japan's new

Prime Minister was already

heading to Seoul before the

test was conducted. Shinzo Abe

has been a hard liner on North

Korea in the past and today

called on the region's

Governments to work together.

We must collect and analyse information to determine

whether a test was actually

held. We will continue to

coordinate our response with

the south Koreans. Australia is

considering its diplomatic relations with North Korea

following the test. Our

general view is that it's been

on balance - an official to

talk to countries like Iran and

North Korea. A strong international response is

called for and Australia will

give full support to that

response. The act that has

been committed by North Korea

is correctly perceived as a

deeply aggressive act. And that

North Korea should retreat forthwith. North Korea went

warning from the UN Security ahead with the test despite a

Council. The likely response

will be tough sanctions pushed

by countries including Japan

and the US. To do that they'll

need the support of China. It

has been North Korea's ally but

may now have a different view.

All eyes are now on the United

Nations for what's expected to

be a strong response. Mark

Simkin, who has visited North

Korea, is now our Washington

correspondent. It is still the

early hours of the morning, has

there been a response from the

White House? Yes, the national

security adviser has phoned the

President and he's spoken to

members of his Cabinet and the

press office has been in

overdrive as well. It's

released a statement describing

this as a provocative act, an

unprovoked act. It has called

on the Security Council to take

immediate and firm action and

most significantly has said the

United States stands ready to

defend its Asian allies. We

heard a lot of tough talk from

Washington last week when the

test was just a possibility,

now it has happened, what is

the US like 3 do? It has only

a few options and none are

United States Security Council easy. The first step is the

which will meet in a few hours

time. It is by no means clear

it will be able to achieve

anything even though the

officials have said they don't

like the idea of a nuclear

North Korea and China and

Russia don't like having a

nuclear neighbour, at the same

time they don't want to de

stabilise North Korea. Even

though there is talk of naval

block aids and arms embargoes,

it is not certain the United

Nations will agree on that.

There's only so far you can

push things with North Korea,

particularly a nuclear North

Korea that has thousands of

pieces of artillery aimed at

Seoul, hundreds of medium range

missiles aimed at Tokyo. Thank

you. To other news and the

Federal Government's $8 billion

Telstra share offer was

launched today, somewhat late,

with extra benefits promise

said for loyal shareholders.

The squabbling between the

Government and Telstra

dedelayed the unveiling as the

two sides haggled over the how the prospectus should refer to

the contested board appointment

of Geoffry Cousins. The bankers

are lining up to be participate

of one of the Government's

biggest telco sales in years.

The Government is positive this

is an attractive offer. Not for

the Tobins who have the cash

but not the stomach for T3.

Not prepared to take the risk. Retail investors will pay

for the shares in two installments, the first to be

paid by November 9 will cost

$2, a 10 cents a share

sdounted. The second

installment price will be

determined by the institutional

bidding process and may be in

the range of $1.40 to $1.90

within 18 months. Telstra

shareholders are guaranteed

3,000 shares. So about

Telstra, take a look. The $20

million advertising blitz

starts today and dissenting

voices will be hard to come

fry. T3 has all the make said

of a solid but nonspectacular

deal. The Government can

increase the sale if demand

exists. It may be one of the

world's biggest share offers

but wasn't big enough to

completely overshadow the struggle between Telstra's

board and the Government over

Geoffry Cousins. The launch was

delayed as the Government and

Telstra argued over Mr Cousins

description as a risk for investors in the prospectus.

The prospectus stated if Mr

Cousins cannot be considered an

independent director, this

could prove disruptive to the

smooth and effective

functioning of the board. Can

the Prime Minister inform the

house how it is in the

interests of Telstra's

shareholders for the Government

to appoint a mate for the Government stooge to the

Telstra board? It will bring

status and quality to the

board. Telstra shares finished

the day 9 cents lower at $3.74. The Federal Government

has had to abandon today's

planned introduction of its

media reform legislation. Instead, the communications

Minister was involved in

last-ditch negotiations to save

the bill. Helen Coonan spent

much of the afternoon trying to

divide narlingss Senators who

are demanding compromise. The

media shake-up has the

Government's own flack in

revolt. I have always been

concerned with it. With the

Nationals acting up, communications Minister Helen

Coonan was forced to abandon plans to introduce her

legislation today. As well as

insisting that a proprietor own

no more than two media outlets

in any regional centre, the Nationals are demanding tougher

powers for the ACCC and a big

boost in local content. I

think six hours live and local

is not an unreasonable ask. It

is only a quarter of a

day. Some Nationals are worried

it will produce media

monopolies in the city and the bush and wonder whether the

bill should be ditched. You

might suggest to stay with the

status quo would be

better. Barnaby Joyce was

exclude from a meeting between

Fiona Nash and Helen Coonan, a sign the Government believes

she would be easier to budge

than Senator Joyce. John Howard

is making it clear he won't be

dying in a ditch. People

should understand media reform

has always been a second Ordser

issue to me. The same cannot be

said for the Iraq war. The

central question is should we

and the Americans and other

allies surrend er in Iraq?

Today close to 60% of voters

supported Labor's policy to

withdraw the troops. The Prime

Minister isn't budging. If we

were to cut and run, why

shouldn't the Americans and

British it do the same? That,

says Mr Howard, would be a disaster. If you believe this

morning's headlines, Al Qaeda

contemplated murdering the

Australian and English cricket

teams during last year's Ashes

tour. The plot to gas the

players' change rooms is so far

unconfirmed. The Australians

are now touring India while

back home questions were asked

about player security. While

Australia's cricketers were

trying to defend the Ashes last

year, they were reportedly

considered as targets for a

terrorist attack. An

unsubtanchiated report claims

terrorists contemplated

attacking the Australian

cricket teams. Any time

anything like that comes out,

it does make you sit up and

take notice. All we can do is

rely on the players' association and Cricket

Australia to make sure the

security is up to date. There

are holes in the story, notably

the unnamed source says Al

Qaeda told its operatives to

use sarin gas to attack the

critters. Experts say Al Qaeda

doesn't have sarin gas. We

have to be on our toes to make

sure all the security planning

we have in place for the

Australian cricket team is as

best as it possibly can be. The

Prime Minister says Australian authorities are investigating

the claims. Whether this

particular report is true or

not, we have to again remind

ourselves there's a reality -

that there are people around

who want to do us in. This

year's Ashes tour takes place

in Australia. Authorities say

security arrangements are

constant ly assessed even

though they're already

extensive. Even though this

claim is un substantiated, the

way authorities have reacted

shows they think it is credible

extremists are getting more

creative with their targets and

illustrates the pobilityed of

anticipating every -- the

Imerson possibility of

anticipating every terrorist

scenario. A couple are expected

to face charges over

yesterday's bushfire alert in

Sydney which came dangerously

close to homes and closed a

major road for 24 hours. This

is where it all began. It is

believed a resident in this

street set fire to a pile of

leaves but it soon got out of

control, whipped up by a fierce

southerly the fire raced along

the ridge line and through

dense scrub, threatening

homes. We came home and there

was red smoke everywhere. Was

it scary? Yeah. The fire

burned into the night, bringing

it under control was no small

task. Crews focused on

preventing it spreading into a

National Park which bordered

the bushland area. After a long

night, this morning it was time

for the firefighters to move

out and the investigators to

move in. Immediately declaring

the fireground a crime scene.

The couple accused of starting

the fire weren't home today but

have denied they lit a backyard

bonfire yesterday. The Rural

Fire Service has warned against

any illegal burn-offs. To

suggest that sort of behaviour

would be careless would be to

be very charitable. Plain stupidity are words that come

immediately to mind. It is now

more than 24 hours before the

fire began scpp alt this site the Rural Fire Service has

re-sort sorted to using

helicopters which are dropping

fire bombs from the sky to set

up a containment line in the

heavy bushlands. It is expected

to be completely out within 36

hours, just in time for the

volunteers to recharge before a

heatwave moves in at the end of

this week. A man who killed his

brother is now facing court

accused of murdering his

parents as well. Jeffrey

Gillham is fight to have the charges dropped and argues it

would be unfair to be tried

over a 13-year-old crime,

especially since police have

lost the evidence. It's more

than a decade since Jeffrey

Gillham was placed on a 5-year

good behaviour bond for the manslaughter of his brother.

Now he's facing charges of

murding his mother and father.

They were all stabbed to death

in the family home in Sydney's

south in 1993. Are you sure

you didn't stab your mother and

father and brother?

Yes. Jeffrey Gillham maintains

he only killed his brother

after coming home to find he'd

murdered their parents but his

uncle Tony Gillham has campaign

ed to have the case reopened

and two coronial inquests and three police investigations

later, Jeffrey Gillham has been

charged with his parents'

murder. His barrister says to

try him now would be an abuse

of process. "The accused is

prejudiced having to face the allegations many years after

the event." Mr Boulten says his

client has no chance of a fair

trial. All the significant

physical evidence no longer

exists. The evidence doesn't

exist because it's been lost by

police. It includes a knife

which was never tested for the

presence of blood and a shave

coat warn by Jeffrey Gillham's

dead brother. Chief inspector

Hans Rupp says he's at a loss

to explain their disappearance

but says there are still

photographs from the crime

scene. The Crown told the court

it has evidence which shows the

patterns of the stab wounds in

all three victims to be

remarkably similar. There's new

proof of the pressures on

hospital emergency departments.

Figures show that the State's

major teaching hospitals are

failing to treat many patients

within their own recommended

times. Madge Pike recently put

the public hospital system to

the test when she feared she'd

suffered a stroke. The

94-year-old was admitted to the

emergency department at west

meet was was assessed to be the

least needy of attention. She

should have been examined in

two hours. Nobody worries

about waiting a couple of hours

in a hospital, but not to go

the whole day. She turned her

back on the hospital after

going six hours without a

proper medical examination. In

the end I said, "I'm sick and

tired of sitting here, I'm

aching all over." Her case is

backed up by hospital emergency

department figures for August,

showing a system buckling under

pressure of increased patient admissions. The potentially

life threatening category three

requires hospitals to treat

patients in 30 minutes. While

doctors time see three-quarters

of patients in this time

periods, in reality they see

less than two-thirds. All teaching hospitals failed to

meet the target. The figure for

the next category down,

potentially serious patients,

is almost as bad. This year,

we have had a large number of

patients with more serious conditions. Doctors say

existing resources could be

better managed. There is a

lack of consultation between local doctors, nurses and

administration in the way they

determine how resources are

distributed across the various

hospitals. Madge Pike says she

wants the system fixed so

others don't have to go through

what she did. Tonight's top

story - North Korea claims to

have joined the nuclear club

and still to come, bringing

home the plane that brought the

world so much closer. Aid

agencies are warning if Asia

Pacific nations are swamped by

rising sea levels, Australia

will also face a flood of

refugees. A new report on the

effects of global warming says

up to 150 million people could

be left homeless and Australia would have a responsibility to

help but the Federal Government

says mass immigration isn't the

answer. If temperatures rise

by 2 degrees Celsius,

scientists warn some of the

lower-lying countries in the

Pacific and southeast Asia

would be inundated. A new

report says that could happen

by 2000 70 and millions of

displaced refugees would turn

to Australia for help. Up to

150 million people in our

region, southeast Asia and the

Pacific, will be dramatically

affected and many will be

knocking on our door. A new

CSIRO report commissioned by

aid and green groups warns the

coastal areas most at risk

include river deltas in

Vietnam, China, India and

Pakistan. It also says hotter

temperatures will cause

outbreaks of malaria and dengue

fever and affected communities

will suffer food and water shortages . They feel

helpless. They can't do much

about it. We're asking bigger

nations to please be

responsible. The solution

recommended by aid groups is

for countries like Australia to

invest in renewable energy for

the region, like solar and wind

power or change the immigration

policy to accept those people

forced to flee. The Federal

Government says that's not the

answer. Pacific Islanders like

living in the Pacific, we want

to help them make resilient

communities, strong economies

that can withstand climate change. Australia produces

more greenhouse pollution per

person than any other country

in the region. Aid groups say

that's good enough reason for

Australia to chip in. On to

finance and the fall in Telstra

share price weighed down the

broader market today. Alan

Kohler has the details. Telstra

wasn't the only stock to fall

today but its fall was the

largest among the leaders,

apparently because the

Government has given itself the

option of selling another 15%

of the shares which means

potentially more supply of

stock. Telecom New Zealand,

Woolworths and the banks fell

as well. Among the best gains

was uranium minor ERA. Asian

markets fell as well so the

general tone of global shares

today is lower. That began

Friday on Wall Street where the

main just indices recorded

small declines. Gold prices

kicked up because of concerns

about the prospect of a nuclear

bomb test by North Korea and

metal prices in London rose

strongly Friday night. The oil

price has gone up in Asia this

afternoon after falling in New

York on Friday. Here is a graph

of the jet fuel price over the

past seven months. Jet fuel has

fallen balk to where it was in

March so maybe it's time for

the fuel surcharges that were

stuck on the price of airline

tickets in April and August to

be taken off again. Over to

you, Qantas and Virgin Blue.

Today's economic news was job

advertisements for September up

slightly on the Internet and in

newspapers and the value of

wine exports fell for the first

time because we're flogging

cheaper wine. The Australian

dollar continued to fall

against the US dollar but it is

trading higher against all

other major currencies. They

came to remember the man and

the moment. Australian sprinting legend Peter Norman

has been farewelled at a

funeral service in Melbourne.

The Olympic silver medallist

made international headlines in

1968, standing alongside the

two American athletes who gave

the black power salute at the

Mexico games. Both were there

to pay their respects. Peter

Norman was famous for

supporting Tommy Smith and John

Carlos's stand for civil right.

Today those men supported Peter

Norman as he was farewelled at

a memorial service in

Melbourne. Thrathed years ago

Norman wore a civil right pin

and stood alongside Smith and

Carlos when they gave the black

power salute. Peter restored

my faith in the human race. He

left a legacy for all man that

should be passage to walk upon,

the legacy of a great

man. Sporting legends past and

current filled the Williamstown

Town Hall to farewell him. The

Australian 200m record he set

in meksz co city still stands

but it is his humanatoryian

actions he'll be remembered

for. He was brave enough to

stand up and say, "This is

wrong, I don't support it." He

believed in a cause and

showcased that cause. Norman

died after a heart attack last

week at the age of 64. He is

survived by his wife and five

children. It's been more than

three months now since the

Socceroos' heart-breaking exit

from the World Cup but their

popularity shows no signs of

diminishing. Last night the

Socceroos were guests of honour

at the Prime Minister's Sydney

residence and today they were

welcomed home by thousands of

fans. This is the type of crowd

Australian soccer officials

used to dream about. There was

no game to watch, not even a

training yet several thousand

fans converged on Darling

Harbour just for a glimpse of

their new heroes. The mini

success we had in the World Cup

has gone a long way to raising

the for file of the guys. Last

night the Prime Minister

welcomed the team to his home.

Mark Viduka couldn't make the

trip from England and received

a special phone call instead.

I will have an opportunity in a

few minutes of saying to them

how proud everyone was of their

performance in the World Cup. A

near capacity crowd is expected

for the Socceroos final Asian

Cup goifr against Bahrain on

Wednesday night. The Hockeyroos

had to settle for silver after

losing 3-1 to the Netherlands.

The Netherlands opened scoring

from a penalty corner mid way

through the second half.

Australia drew level when

Rebecca Sanders converted a

penalty stroke. A rare

defensive lapse allowed

Netherlands to take the lead

again. The Dutch clinched their

sixth World Cup crown. Some of

the best women's surfers have

mixed feelings about 6-time

champion Layne Beachley,

they're hoping to prevent her

winning a 7th world title but

are grateful Beachley organised

the richest-ever events in

women's surfing history. It is

amazing how she's put it

together. Melanie Redman Carr

and Chelsea Georgeson and Layne

Beachley performed well in the

heats of the $135,000 event

which could be the first of

many. The Australian Open golf

tournament is assem bling a

strong field of homeglon

talent. Robert Allenby and

Stuart Applebied Greg Norman

and Aaron Baddeley. The first

jet to fly around the world is

about to call Australia home

again. Qantas's first Boeing

747 is being restored by

volunteers in London and then

will make one final

intercontinental flight into

onch airline history. It was

koled the city of Canberra and

47 years ago it turned a

50-hour trip into a 27-hour

journey. It was the first jet

to fly across the Pacific and

around the world. It didn't

always treat passengers kindly.

Air bags got a workout as

pilots struggled to give

passengers a smooth ride. It

can be difficult to control. Aviation enthusiasts

are dlieed it will be restored.

The Federal Government is

chipping in $1 million towards

the cost and is helping locate

spare parts. They needed a

right-hand quarter window. It

looked like a list of requests

to do up an old car. To make it

airworthy, much of the plane

has been dismantled. The

aircraft has been sitting for

six years and time is not kind

to airplanes so everything has

had to be checked. The project

is relying on the elbow grease

of volunteers. More than 60

serving and retired aircraft

engineers have been in England

for months patching the old

bird together. It is hoped the

plane will be ready to fly to

Sydney and Brisbane next month.

It will finish at the Qantas

museum in Longreach in

Queensland, alongside other

veterans who have earned their

place in Australian aviation

history. Time for the weather

and a bit of air turbulence

around Sydney, Mike? That's

right. Strong winds whipped up

by a gusty change yesterday are

certainly continue to have an

impact along the coast. Heavy

seas have led to a closure of a

number of beaches around

Sydney. Rips were reported at

several beaches. Conditions

have been dangerous further

afield and a strong wind

warning remains current for

coastal waters north of

Wooleye.

The satellite shows cloud

moving fairly rapid low through

with that change, although part

is still in the north eastern

corner of the State. The high

is going to be dominant for

much of the week and that will

lead to higher temperatures

through much of south eastern

Australia as winds trend from

the north and north-west and

freshen. There is the chance of

a shower about the north coast

in the next 24 hours. That means showers for the

Queensland coast, including

Brisbane. The other capital

cities will be dry.

Thanks, Mike. Tonight's top

story - North Korea's first

nuclear test has triggered international condemnation with

calls already for harsh UN

sanctions. That is ABC News for

this Monday. I'm Juanita Phillips. Goodnight. Captions by Captioning and Subtitling

I get quite emotional. It's

destroying the fabric of our

town. Tonight - the nation's

food bowl wilting in the big

dry. This is bloody catastrophic mate. This is

going to sink a lot of people.

Battling farmers send a

warning for their city

cousins. Where are they going

to get their meat? How much are

they going to pay for a loaf of

bread?

This program is captioned live.

Welcome to the program, and