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(generated from captions) artist Janine McAullay Bott's

bilby won the sculpture award.

The art works will be on

display in the Darwin Museum

until the end of October. Now

recapping tonight's main

stories. The first bodies from

the Kokoda plane crash have

been airlifted to Port Moresby.

Investigators have begun

identifying them before they

can be repatated. And, the ACT

Government has released its new

draft bushfire management plan.

Large swathes of Canberra's

outer suburbs are res iginated

as ember zones that are

particularly vulnerable to

bushfire. And that's ABC News.

Stay with us now for

'Stateline' and Chris Kim ball

coming up next. Have a great

weekend, goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI

This Program is Captioned

Live.

Hello and welcome to

Stateline. I'm Chris Kimball.

who is Coming up - a Canberra composer

who is set to make it in

London, and a London stock

broker who has made a life in

rural Canberra. First, research

indicates that autism, or

Asperger's Syndrome, may be

affecting as many as 1 in 100

children. If that's the case,

it will touch most of us in

some way - either family member, friends, or our

children's school mates. We

also know from the research

also know from the research

that early intervention

programs are crucial. So, if we

know all of that, how is it

that so little is still being

done, even after 40 years of

talking about it? Some people

the most important thing is to

diagnose the condition earlier

while it is in the process of

developing and while the causes

are still around. To what do

you think is most needed for

autistic children in this

country? A centre. A centre

where they can be taught. A

centre just for autistic

children. A centre for them to

go to. Now, he's got nothing to

do all day. They don't play

with other children. And they

need a centre for them to, you

know, mix in or some special

training, teaching, he's reading for teaching

now. There's more demand on

services and that's going to

increase. And we just - you've

got no idea how great it would

be just to have that stress

taken a way and have somewhere

to go to. In four decades, some

things haven't changed. It's

still a desperate struggle for families and society more

broadly to understand or try to

help someone with autism. Oh

dear! You say, I'm finished,

mum. The main challenge is

helping that person understand

people. That is how to read a

face, how to engage in a

conversation, and how to

understand the peculiarities of

the human S&P species who are

actually quite weird. Recent

research indicates the

incidence of autism, or

Asperger's, could be as high as

1 in 100 yet support services

have failed to keep up. In

Canberra, in 2009, the plea

from parents isn't so different

from this mother in 1968. A

centre where they can be bought

before they give up trying. And

you can say, yes, you're

alright. My little boy has

given up trying before he was sphwlesd letters and writing

and now he's interested in

everything - he's not Greste

interested in anything. They

need somewhere to go to to make

life easier for them and their children. It's really

difficult. When you come across

it all the time with parents

who are getting their

diagnosis, you get the

diagnosis and where do you

go? Researchers say that

diagnosis is becoming more

frequent. Our recent research

shows that one in 119 children

are affected by an autism

spectrum disorder. There was

another study in Australia also

conducted via the maternal and

child health system completely

independent of ours with a

sample of approximately 1900

one in children, which found also that

one in 100 children were

affected. But how do we account

for the apparent increase and

do we know the cause? I think

the jury is out on why we are

seeing this increases. And

we're seeing these increases

all over the world, not just in

Australia. It's a very mixed

bag. And there are a Ranger of

cuss that we've identified.

Oneks is genetics - that is, it

is can be inherited within

families. I may be genetic

material that is a genetic

one-off never to be re peeltd

but there are also fact Norse

pregnancy and early in fancy

development in particular areas that can affect brain

of the brain. So with any one

child it's hard to be absolutely certain what the

causes are. But there are

many. However, there are not many options for the children

or their families when comes to

the steps to take f

diagnosis. The focus of early

intervention is to work on the

child hen the brain is still relatively plastic and you have

a greater opportunity to learn.

If you wait till later, you've

got to work a lot harder to get

the same degree of progress. Professor Tony

Attwood is an international

expert and author on autism and Asperger's Syndrome. And

Asperger's Syndrome. And he's

tbaitsd Minds and Hearts clinic

in Brisbane. It's clinic with

six clinicians who are involved

with both the diagnosis of

autism spectrum disorders but

also in terms of treatment in a

variety of areas that Ranger

from help ing emotion, social

skill s and self-understanding

. Ready? Put a spot over here

and - But for Monique

Blakemore, Minds and Hearts

minds or a similar model is not

available in Canberra. My

turn. Help, I'm trapped in the

spider web. She has two sons -

5-year-old Nicholas, who has

Asperger's, and 4-year-old

Matthew who is autistic and

featured in a Stateline story

last year on the shortage of

speech therapists in Canberra.

Back then, Matthew was

considered non-verbal. I

think the first sign s often

come from mum who senses that

this child is different. And I

suppose the best des cripg is

we're not in tune with each

other. Usually newborn infants

and especially in the first few

weeks of life see people as the

most important part of their environment and will seek out

people and look at faces and

enjoy social contact. Ngo nose. Nose. Mouth. Today,

Matthew is starting to speak,

thanks in part to an intensive

speech therapy course. A course

that would not be vibl in the

ACT were it not for the

tireless efforts of his mother.

She's taken up the fight again,

this time to set up a multipurpose support centre to

multipurpose support centre to

be known as the Autism Centre

of Excellence. You've got

enough stressors with your

children and managing your

children and doing your best as parents. You don't need to be

acting like they're - their

executive secretaries trying to

chase down and advocate. You

just need to have one place

that you go to, right I have a

child with autism, this is where

where I go. The Centre of

Excellence. And they they will

guide you. Rsh Hello,

Platt. See you. Hello. I

- Eyes. Love. Eyes. Eyes. Love

you! Here the mother may feel

that when I look at him and I'm close to his

close to his face, I am in the

way of what he wants to look

at. If he looks at me, he looks

at my mouth and not my eyes.

And mum pours in 100% of love

and affectionate but may only

get 40 or 50% back in return:

She also feel s that

affectionate may not be as

effective as I would expect a

child seems to have a reaction

to certain sounds and experiences that

experiences that mum realises

this child is upset by them but

I can't get them to be relax

and I can't comfort them in the

way I would like. Parenting

these children can be

demandsing and exhausting. And

yet it's the parents again who

must find the energy to do the lobbying and the fund

raising. I rescued the handsome

prince. It's not a responsibility that

responsibility that we should

have to take on. I mean, our

responsibility first and foremost should be to our

children and our families. But,

if you don't, then who will?

It'slet also going to benefit

all the children who are going

to be entering our community

and that's what it is - it's a

community: And it's a community

to be honest I am proud to be

part of because when you look

around at the families, at what

they're doing, and how many -

so many of them are doing thing

likes fundraising and helping

each other or advocating for

better support services, and

it's like - I look at them and

I think how do you do it? But

you do. Constant worry and

anticipation - what do I need

to fulfil for him next? What

service will I need to provide

for him next? Edwina Nelson is

another parent advocating for

better support service. Her

6-year-old son Frankie was

diagnosed with Asperger's a

year ago. He just became

difficult to manage and his

behaviour was difficult in

public places. He was fearful

about entering a plaza or going

to a playgrown. He'd just cry

the whole time. You're

struggling. His language really

stopped developing. So I

pursued more speech therapy but

it was a constant battle for

answers. No-one could tell me

what was wrong with

him. Sultanas? Edwina Nelson is

tired of waiting for services

in Canberra to catch up with

demand. I think of it as my

parental pre-emptive strike for

every element of his life. So

he's having trouble understanding that

conversation, he might need to

up his speech therapy times per

week. And he fell over as he

climbed on to the trampoline,

so we might need more OT there to strengthen his core a

to strengthen his core a bit

more . I am constant ly think

ing a head what we need to do n

next. It can be xaution for

parents because at times they

have to detach themselves from

being a parent and the motion

and be objective and be a

therapist, a teacher, a

psychologist, which is

exhausting for parents. Hands

on heads. Already exhausted,

Edwina Nelson's prepared to

leave the ACT and move her family to Brisbane to be closer

to help. There's nothing,

there's nothing in Canberra that would provide that service

and I did come across the Minds

and Hearts and they broid a

1-stop shop system where you

can go to this one place, they

have psychologist, they have

optional therapist and speech

therapist, they have counseling

and service force anxiety and

depression because it's quite

common for s a polka-dot

jerseyian people to suffer from

that as they get older and I

thought fantastic, let's go.

Jew be the psychiatrists point

out that when the term is used

there's between 80 and 100

children at these cottages. The

centre has had some success

with its treatment of psychotic

children. 40 years on, the

portrayal of autism and

Asperger's is much more sim pa

thet yi, as shown near the

Australian film the Black

Balloon. Settle down, chap .

Pr, Settle down, Charlie. The

general public and politicians

in particular are much more

aware of autism than they ever

used to be, and we're now

actually getting some positive

conversation about what is

required. But of course we have

to make sure that we actually

get the services rather than

the rhetoric. But not only

funding, we really need to

increase our work force

capacity, which currently is

not keeping up with the number

of children we're finding who

are affected with an autism

spectrum disorder. What I think

we now need are for primary

carers of children to be

educated on early signs of

autism because identifying

these children earlier really

does change their developmental

outcomes. This is not an

epidemic. This is not a disease

that our children have. This

autism is who they are. There's

no cure. There's learning.

There's acquiring skills that

take time but there is no

tablet like Panadol that will

dissolve a headache. This there

is no surgery that will change

this. I

'M afraid it's hard slog

learning. Autism is another

way of thinking. It is not

defective think organise wrong

thinking, it's different thinking. What else is

interesting? Going

swimming. What about cutting

the sun light nout

out? Yeah. How do you do

that? With sis scisors. Melissa Polimeni was the reporter for Stateline

there. And Peter Luck was our

man back in 1968. And we plan

to follow up that story in the

coming weeks. Now, we have the

first in a short series featuring high flyers from

around the country and the

world who have z chosen to move

to this region and change their

lives. Amongst others we will

meet the scientist who now runs

a day par spa and the emergency

medicine expert who own s a B &

B. First it's the turn of Susan

Bruce, a London stock broker

who made her way around the

world and ended up in the

Hall-Murrumbateman region. I am

the product of an Australian

mother and an English father.

Mum went over to the UK back in

the early '50s to see the

coronation and she never left.

I grew up in the UK, was

educated there. And then one

wet Wednesday in November I suddenly felt is this it for

the rest of my life. And I

thought I would throw it all

in. I was a stock broker so I

true tlue in my notice and I

took a job delivering yachts.

So I sailed some yachts

turnaround South Coast of the

Mediterranean and I can't tell

te you how cold is it sailing

around that part of the world

in the winter. But it got me

into the Mediterranean in the

summer but I didn't stop and

two years later rived in

Australia. I looked around arnd

for a job in Australia for a

stock broerk and there were

plenty of mining analysts in

Australia and not many

industrial anal zits. I got a

job which with a leader broerk

and sit I set up and managed

their industrial research department for several

years. What brought you to

Murrumbateman then? Well, I

made it a very bad career move.

I fell in love with a farmer.

So for a while I moved out to

Forbes ab we lived between

Forbes and Cowra which after

Sydney an London seemed pretty

remote. But luckily the

opportunity to run another of

oh TV family's properties down

near Hall came up, so I thrust Rob's arm up in the air and

said let's have a go. I was

able to go back to broking. I

worked for AIDC and set up their equity under writing

department which was a chance

to list new companies on the

stock market, which was a buzz.

How did you come up to set up

poacher? Children arrived and

it wasn't real lay career I

could easily do with kids. I

was always on a plane going to

sneebl Sydney or Melbourne and

I lived in a lovely spot so

whied Wye did I want to travel?

So I scratched my head for some time and did a stock take of

the assets we had, a lovely

property and I thought I v e of

u mew farming, opening an hotel

but it wasn't until I thought

about opening a business about

pa Tais and smoked meets they had the thought that it was a

good idea. Back in '91 we built

a small pilot plant. My brother

is a chef and he came down and

joined us for a couple of

years. We fairly quickly found

there wasn't much of a market

for pa Tais anteer s but there

was little competition in the

high quality smoked meat

area. This is a smoked leg of

lamb. Cured and rolled with

mountain pepper. Mountain

pepper comes from up round the

high country. So that's what's

turned into Poemps today. You

produce all your smoked meats here? That's right. Still the

main products are the ones we

started with, like smoked

chicken breast and lamb racks.

We didn't want to go down the

main hum drum line of business

of hams and bakons. We wanted products that would disut the

5-star hotels and restaurants

around the country and the

Michael having come out of the

food service sector understood

what they went. So I found

myself with an esky going to

hotels and talking to the chefs

and trying to win them over and

make them into customers. We really have turned this

property on its head. It's not

a large property - 700 ai,. But

it was sheep and cattle and not

easy to make a live off. And

we've turned it out around to a

- around to a point where Rob

and I could support aurss. Do

oh did people think you were

crazy? I don't know. They

weren't brave enough to tell me

if they did think I was crazy.

I always did have strong tie

force country. I've always

enjoyed living in the county.

Living in London wasn't my idea

of where I would want to see

myself long term. I had always

hoped that I would get a life

where I would be able to be in

the country. We certainly have

managed to do that over the

years. I think it really is

Austounding the quality of the

- astounding here - astounding

the quality of the product here

is world class. There's Peter

crisp - you can buy his

products in Yass or in Harrods

in London. You have old St

Luke's chr ch where the pots

are being made. We're talking

about a whole load of pro

people producing world-class

product. And the timber has to

be mentioned to. Too. I think

it's a thrill that this region

is producing such high quality

products and it must be to some

degree the inspiration we all

gain from this lovely countryside that is making it

happen.

Jennifer Browning produced

that story. And we will

continue her Tree Change series

over the coming weeks. Now, a

great musical score can really

make a movie. And a young

Canberra compose ser on the way

to getting her name on some big

credits. 24-year-old Sally

Greenaway heads to London next

week to start a scholarship

studying film composition at

the exclusive Royal College of

Music. With the help of some

friends from the Canberra

symphony orchestra and the ANU,

Sally shared her music and her

composition methods with

Stateline.

Sometimes I get little ideas

in my head so I have to

sometimes find any bit of scrap

paper and write up the music

lines and start writing it

down.

Is it good to have a compose

they're you know that can write you something specific for the Marimba? I felt so special

because it's such a lifetime

opportunity. My good friends

Katrina, she purchased this

beautiful marimba and she asked

me to write something for her.

And I thought marimba, haven't

ever written anything for

marimba so, I thought, OK, what

am I going to do? And actually

it came out very quickly. And

it only took me a day or so to

write and then the string parts

followed very easily.

James, is it nice to play

music written by a Canberra

composer? Unbelievely nice.

It's amazingly refreshing as

well because it's quite

rare. Tell us about the first

thing you wrote - the first

time you had a crack at bag

composer? Well, I was a young

piano student in, like, year 5

in primary school. I wanted to

- I think I sat down and I was

learn ing this lovely piece

called scab bells, and I

thought I am going to write a

better piece than this because

this one doesn't have enough

notes because I wanted to play

the lowest and the highest

notes on the piano. So I pretty

much cop yids it and I added in

more notes and I thought it was

brilliant!

She's doing wonderful for

her age and it's an amazing

opportunity for her to go

overseas. Although it ice very

expensive to do these thing,

sacrifices need to be made and

she will go far and she'll come

back and while she's over there

she'll give Australia a good

name for its music scene, which

it already does have.

These are some of the

example piece I've had

published. The first one, Stay

a While, was written for the

Woden Valley youth quoir, it

has a beautiful piano intro.

Another piece I've written is

a jazz harp piece, this one is

called Liana, because the

harpist's name is Liana and I

wanted to write it specifically

for her. You have to imagine

this is harp.

When I finished jazz school I

was gigging around town and

teaching and doing the typical

things. And then I decided I

actually really like composing

and I'm go ing to tryry wriing

a few piece for people. I found

out about this national big

band co- composition

competition in Sydney and I

thought I'd go going to

challenge myself and write for

a deadline and write for an

amazing big band full of professional musics. I got

short listed as one of four

foinlist and I got to go up to

Sydney and conduct the

orchestra which was an amazing

experience. I learnt so much

stuff through that. I lerntd

how to conduct with YouTube and

a bit of help from other people

along the way.

I found out that I won that

competition, which was a

fantastic honour and amazing

experience. That's when I

suddenly realised maybe I maybe

I could do this profession ally

and I maybe I do have something

to taufr Australian composition

scene.

Monday I fly out to London to

study at the Royal College of

Music and I'm going to study a

master s in film composition.

That's a pretty fantastic

course, there's only two of its

kind in the world. You get to

work with a film director and

work with orchestras, writing

the score and you get to

conduct it in the studio later

on for the film. I would really

like to be a proper recognised

Australian compoesz er. So

Tasmanian symphony orchestra

will have CDs for Larry Citsky,

Karl Vinen and Sally

Greenaway. That would be

nice. That would be

amazing. And we will leave you

with some more of the music of

Sally Greenaway, a name

Sally Greenaway, a name that

may one day be as famous as the

epic films she hopes to write

for. That's the program for

this week. I look forward to

your company at the same time

next week . Until then,

goodbye.

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