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Australia 2020 -

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(generated from captions) is not - value which is not

simply capable of financial

measurement because it is so

fundamentally in trinsic to

civilisation and our evolution.

By 2020 the need to uplift the

creative confidence and

literacy of the community will

have embraced a comprehensive

national education curriculum,

an allied professional teacher

training deployed which

including compulsory music,

writer, visual arts and media

strands from primary level. We

will have in place a renewed

physical, social and digital

infrastructure which nurt tour,

and nourjing creative endeavour

and access to it and provides a

certainity of support for the

talented. We will have

achieved this goal by policy

recognition that ongoing

investment in such capacity is

as important to the nationalest

as transport, health and other

national infrastructure

program, third, action by 2020

will have fos tested a climate

for fill an thropic support and

private investment which

harmonised with increased

government support would see

the provision to the community

doubled in real terms at a

minimum as to quantum and

consumption. Fourth, by 2020

there will be have been a long

standing successful national

indigenous theatre company and

expanded operation of the

national indigenous television

service which will be

assessable to all Australians.

These elements would work

together dynamicly exploding

our create tive I and coupling

this with a robust employment

and communications framework

which has secured digital disrub distribution across the nation.

APPLAUSE Hi guys. Ly try

that again. Last weekend 100

youtdz delegates flew in from

across Australia. To discuss

some of the same issues that

will no doubt be broad up

today. Intros were brief and

only a few minutes into the

first session it was clear to

ul awful us our - all of us our

strong our vision for a

creative Australia is. Every

time I say "Our vision". I

want you to say it. Cool. Our

vision is to increase the

number of artists that are able

to derive a reasonable primary

income. Our vision is to give

artists and our organisations

more scope to experiment their

creative processes. Our vision

- I have lost it. Is for an

infrastructure that supports

the entire creative process,

including space, resources,

administrative support, and

skills training. Our

vision Our vision. Is for more

equal rating of creative arts

across Australia. Our vision

is for more involvement of the

appreciation of creativity.

Let's use today and tomorrow to

bring this vision about. Let's

make tomorrow a day where dreams actually came true.

Thank you.

I am supposed to be im-Tim

dated by all of you but I am

intimidated by following that.

I would like you all to think a

little bit about the cultural

menu we are all going to have

access to in 2020. I grew up

in Newcastle and when I this

had to choose from in terms of

my cultural menu with what was

showing in my local community

arts centre, in the local

gallery. The power of an

independent book store or

record store or outhouse cinema

to change what I thought was

impossible was incredible. I

think about 2020 and I think

about the significance of mycul

turral catalyst and what I

thought was possible in the

world. In 2020 all of the

catalysts are going to be at

your finger tips. The things

that inspire you or amaze you,

your perception of what you can

create and the things you can

choose to create from, is going

to be so much greater than

anything I had access to and

anything this current

generation has access to. The

Internet communications, change

s media technology s means we

are not just all on the

receiving end of this

communication. That's the very

powerful thing. The tools that

allow us to receive are the

same tools that allow us to

create. Conversation is going

to become much of more of aof a

basis for interactions T it is

not simply going to be about

broadcasting, receiving and

sitding passion Natalie. -

passion Natalie. There are

kids who are get fan mail from

people in German any telling

them how much they love their

music and they are 12. That is

not 2020, that is now. The

question for us is how do we

create a cut tourral policy

environment that wraps to this

fluiddy namic cull culture. The

time lag between the idea of

considering something worthy or

creating an infrastructure and

when that actually becomes

relevant is way too long in the

way that we make policy now.

We really need to think about

this idea of encouraging our

population , our children and

ourselves to make part of the

cultural dialogue, to be

empowered with the tools,

education, means, the sense of

possibility to create an impact

and participate in the global

cultural dialogue. If we don't

do that then Australia risk s

being a node add not a hub.

Every town, every city and

every community needs to focus

and create.

I remember the first day I

met James. He was 23 years

old, and he was a hoirn heroin

addict. He had been on heroin

since the age of 13. That's

almost half his life. He had

seen 4 of his closest friends

pass away from overdoses and at

first I met him he could barely

sling 10 words together

coherently. When I met him

something inside me was trying

to find a way to say James, I

don't think there is any way in

the world we can work together.

It is going to be impossible.

But something inside him said

to me - hang on a second, just

give him a chance. He may just

be extraordinary. Today, James

is clean. He has been in four

films, and he is an AFI award

nominee. He is working as an

actor and a a writer. And this

year he is working with me on

another project, but this time

he is leading the project. If

we give everyone a chance we

may just have a country where

the arts makes a real

difference in people's lives.

I believe that it is no better

way of reconnecting people into

their own community and into

our community than through the

arts. I believe that the arts

is the best way of bridging

gaps, breaking down barriers,

and bringing people together.

In 2020 I want to see a country

where the arts is supported, it

is invested in, but most

importantly, it is a real

mechanism for lasting, and

permanent social change. thank


Broadcasting in 2020, that's

sounds like an from the past

and it sort of is. In 2020 I

hope we will have at least one

public broadcaster, fully

funded and providing a range of

content that no-one other

source can or will. I hope

however it will earn the right

to be supported by the

community, by taking creative

risks, by daring to be

original, by believing in

Australian drama and comedy and

sat urand high quality journey

- journalism. I hope the

national indigenous television

network is properly funded and

available to everyone and will

provide a platform for the explosion of indigenous talent

jet to come. I hope the free

to air broadcasters will learn

to survive they need to be more

innovative, more exciting and

to believe in the importance of

good content and the value of

spending on high quality

Australian productions. I hope

the sub scrips television likes

to overseas models. But, the

most significant change for the

future is already here - the

Internet is already the screen

of choice. It offers

diversity, access, and

inclusion to its users. It

will become the major medium

for creative content and ease

of access. Maximum choice in

the hands of using. The

future is now as creative

access to technology makes the

tools of content creation

faster, cheaper, lighter an

more port yab. The converge

ance of plchs will give rise to

innovations we can't imagine

here today. In 2006 a full

length feature film was shot in

12 days on mobile phone

cameras. In the director,

Arian Cadenoff when asked why

he shot it, he said "Somebody

had to do it". The creative

will have more ways to

communicate. The challenge

lies between finds the meet

between the new and

challenging. And ensure that

Australians can see and created

and participate in a vibrant

broadcasting spectrum into 2020

and beyond.

A word on cultural diplomacy.

Which I translate into a

question about how we can

transform Australian

participation in the world's

creative conversations. There

is an old import expert model

of cultural exchange where you

whack an Aussie label on

something and send it out to an

unknown destination. That no

longer applies. Ideas, and

images fly around. In 2020 the

exchange will be simultaneous, multi-directional,

interconnected. Our creative

participation in that will be

our presence in the world. Our

profile, our regard, every else

will be filtered through that.

How can we do it better? By

valuing what we are, by

understanding the link from the

local to the universe al, by

committing to working in

mutality and reciprocity with

other cultures, based on proper

understanding drawing on our

cultural diversity at home.

Beyond the barbecue as we so

eloquently heard this morning.

It requires expanded thinking,

collaboration, and oversight to

pull the parts together into

something of sustained benefit.

So, today let's not forget to

think about ways to enhance the

soft power potential of

Australian creative engagement

in the international arena,

it's not just about how we deal

with the world, but how the

world will deal with us in


2020. Soft power, but deep.


My hope is that by 2020 the

arts will be seen not only as

part of what makes life worth

living, not only part of what

as Kate said distinguishes us

from other livering species, or

part of what we inherit from

past generations and pass on to

future ones. My hope is that

the arts will also be seen as

an integral part of how we

generate and share national

prosperity and add to our

national wealth. And we have

achieved that by recognising

that creativity is at the top

of the economic food chain. As

our capacity to make thing, to

employ people in the making of

things is progressively eroded

by the re-emergence of

countries like China and India

as we have heard before, we

have come to recognise our capacity to maintain and

improve the living standards we

have come to take for granted

comes from our enhanced

capacity to generate and

commercial creative ideas. We

have recognised as some of the

foremost theorists of what

drivers economic growth in our

post industrial society have

said that advances in standards

of living come more from new

recipes than from more cooking

and that in order to achieve

that kind of vision of the art

s as a place, as a thing that

generates the wealth which we

enjoin as well as how we enjoy

it, and share it, that we

recognise the role for things

like design and architecture as

where we dre arrive our

competitive advantage from, as

much s what we do with what

nature has endowed as with

commodities and the capacity to

grow food. Moreover we

recognise the kind of skills

which creative people and

artists have in spades, are

also the kind of skills that

are required to succeed in what

by 2020 will be contemporary

business and in the broader

economy. The capacity to

challenge conventional wisdom.

The capacity for critical

thinking, the capacity to

approach old problems from new

angles, the ability to

intergreat with media and new

technologies. To borrow and

adopt with things in other

settings and ability to create

narratives to inshire others,

so the business leaders invite

artists and creative people to

their conferences rather than

simply sports people as ways of

inspires others to new

productive performances and we

have got there over the

intervening 12 years by

integrating the arts into our

education systems from kind

gardens from business schools

and we have public institutions

to allow those who spend most

of their team work anything

creating wealth also to see the

value that is added to the way

they do that by the kinds of

skills em bodied in our artists

and creative people.

That's where we leave

creative Australia, some very

passion Natalie held views

expressed there. Just for

those of you have may have

joined us more recently. Just

to let you know we are going to

10 groups, we have already

covered most of them already,

these are groups from the

1,000. Very they have divided

into 100. Many of them have

gone into smaller groups again

so much of what you see now has

been prerecorded. We cross now

to the future of Australian

governance. Chaired by xu

McKew, and - Maxine McKew and

John Hartigan, chief executive

of news Ltd who still describes

him himself as a journalist.

Welcome to the red brigade.

George, you are an honorary red

for the day. George Brandis.

Good morning. My name is

Maxine McKew and it say very great pleasure to welcome you

here. As I look around,

clearly a room of chronic

underachievers. I am going to

make a few brief remarks and

get my co-chair John Hartigan

to come up here and make

broader comments about the day.

I think after that pumped up

session this morning, those

young kids at the end of that

video. They are ready to go

out and change the country -

our task is a biggy. How we

govern ourselves, what

democracy will look like in

2020 and I emphasise that our

task over today and tomorrow,

it is not to serve up what you

think is going to be

politically acceptable before

the next election. This is

about, to emphasise it once

again, 2020. It is about the

inheritance. What will be

passed on to, if you like,

today's 20 somethings. So, I

will just set out what I think

I would like to see the day aim

for. And tomorrow of course.

I would ask you to be

ambitious, passionate, and

poetic. I know there are a lot

of lawyers in the room but

there are poets Burking a -

lurking abred of many in the

room. Where are you Matt

Foley. I say this to you - as

much as our PM loves process,

he loves structure, he love s

graphs and charts. It is very

interesting that the Jewish

2020 submit on Monday, he

picked up on a like from

professor mark baker, he was

the off Broadway tryout for

today - I hope my Jewish friend

was with me. Kevin picked up

on a line from professor mark

baker who was talking about the

importance of a narrative, the

importance of a preamble which

speaks to who we are and what

we are becoming and Mark

baker's lean that - line that

the PM picked up was we had to

get over our national writer's

block. Which is interesting.

He didn't go to a point about

the constitution, he picked up

a line about our national

writer's block. Let's find the

poetry in our deliberations.

It is my very great pleasure to

introduce to you my co-chair

for today and tomorrow, John


Yes, can I join max ene in

welcoming everyone here today.

Aim delighted to be here and

jefr everytime I tell people I

am delighted to be here I feel

as if I have to apologise for

it because some people feel I

shouldn't be here. For those

of us to get some appreciation

of where we are, we are in the

members dining room and hence

the food apparatus at the back

of the room. But we will break

into two sessions in this room

at either end of it when we go

into the sub groups and there

are two breakout rooms down the back which are very desirable.

So if you are lucky enough to

be in the ones out the back I

think you got the better end of

the straw. What I would like

to say is that I am both

privileged and apprehensive to

be here today. I am privileged

because we have got some

incredible talent in this room.

But I am apprehensive because

it it is such a huge agenda and

I lookened it in a couple of

interviews yesterday to putting

an octopus in a string bag. We

have got 100 valid opinions and

not much time to imagine the

future the Australia's

gonnance. Someone told me the

other day we wouldn't come up

with any new idea, just recycle

old ones. I think that totally

misses the point. Sometimes

old ideas are the - might have

been rejected in the past can

become fresh, meaningful and

powerful if we look at them

difficultly and just look at

they through the prism of

technology where that will be

in 2020 will change so

dramatically many of those

seemingly old ideas. Big ideas

can also appear in disguise.

Sometimes the best ideas are

simple, apparently modest, but

can have enormous impact. I

know the governance landscape

has been ploughed many times.

Some might ask, is there

anything worthwhile we haven't

already thought of. I look at

it another way. Whether new or

old, the ideas we will grapple

with are on the agenda because

they haven't become a reality.

My ambition s and expectations

for the next two days are

simple - all of us are equally

responsible for what we achieve

today and tomorrow. We need to

think big. It is critical we

focus on the most ambitious

goals, the critical issue, the

fundamental steps that might

bring about the change. We

simply don't have time for

detailed analysis. And we

don't need consensus. Dissent

is welcome. But denigrating

the ideas of other s isn't. My

role at the summit has been

criticised because I run a

media company. Some of you

might share in that criticism.

That's fine. We are all going

- we are all not going to agree

on everything. But one really

important thing is that we

respect each other and make

sure we all get to contribute.

I don't think we need to worry

about coming up with the good

ideas. The problem will be we

have too many. But we don't

have much time, so you will

need to be brilliant but brief.

Everyone gets a go, so keep

it short, specific and to the

point. Build on the ideas of

others. We can't afford to get

lost in detail. We are here as

individuals, but we need to

play as a team. I think we can

achieve some bold, and

innovative, imaginative and

even audacious ideas over the

next two days. We are here

because we genuinely want to

make a difference and sincerely

believe that we can. Although

everyone in this room has

remarkable experience, we are

still just a sample of the

people across the country who

care passionately about the

health of our democracy. But

for the next two days, we have

been given special

responsibility to come up with

some big, bold and ideas that

might make Australia a better

place. The three pillars of a

civilised society are the rule

of law, parliamentary

democracy, and free speech.

All three are on our agenda.

We have the privilege of

starting the conversation that

many others will join - they

will analyse what we have come

up with, deconstruct our idea,

re reassemble some and reject

others and add their own.

Let's give those who take up

what we generate here something

really worthwhile to consider.

I am very optimistic about

Australia's future and I think

this forum is great. The

electoral cycles does not

encourage enough debate across

political and other divides

about the big issues or what's

in the best interests of this

country. But I sense a real

appetite for change in this

country. Aus-Australians want

to find creative solutions

instead of entrerjed problems.

Even though we might be

witnessing a decline in public

trust or a loss of faith in our

political institutions, we want

more say in how we are

governed. Instead of apity and

disengagement I believe

Australians want to participate

more in civic life. We are

here, I sense that we are sick

and tired of Fetuprative combat

that so often passes for

political discourse in this

country. We want our three

levels of government and our public servants to work

together effectively, to serve

a common good. We are

currently denied access to

information about how we are

governed that we have a right

to know. Many of us want to

change that. As the old cliche

go, - goes, if you get the

government we deserve then

there are plenty of people who

think we deserve better and are

prepared to do something about

T I am looking at 100 of you

right now. I also think we are

here today because we are

optimistic we can achieve

something meaningful. That's

really the challenge for us

over the next two days.

Democracy is hard. It would

be easier to use Ritchie

Benaut's line - sorry, the next

two days could be like putting

an octopus in a string bag. It

would be easier to use the

Ritchie Benat line - we do it

as a team and we do it my way.

But Maxine and I aren't here to

coerce you into agreement. We

are here to facilitate your

ideas. This is your summit,

our role is to keep you on

course, cheer you up, but let

you get on to make the running.

I am sure most of you have

looked at the website and how

we propose to tackle the

agenda. We have created four

substreams and taken the

liberty of assigning each of

you to one of them. We have

also asked four delegates to

act as team leaders. The four

streams are - open government

and the media, Dr David

Solomon, parliamentary reform

is lead by professor Marion

Sawyer. Administering

government lead by professor

packric Weller and our rights

and responsibility, including

but not limit to the

constitution. Lead by Dr Helen

Welling. There will be plenty

of opportunity to cross

polinise into other areas

because I know so many of you

have interests in more than

one. Equally we will be able

to cross pollinate our ideas

with other stream s later in

the summit. I would like to

thank the team leaders for

taking on the extra

responsibility. They put up

their hand immediately, and I

think they are going to be very

significant reason why we are

going to be so successful over

the next two days. We will

meet as this group of 100 this

morning and again at the end of

today and again tomorrow. And

we will break into our four

groups at various times during

both today and tomorrow. We

have a lot of extra and expert

help, so that we can achieve a

lot in the time that we have.

And I would ask Tim Orton who

is from the Nause group, who is

the lead fas facilitator to

identify himself. He is joined

with five colleagues who are

wok with each of the groups.

They are Penelope,

They are Penelope, Simon, and

Greg. Please make them

welcome. I would also like to

welcome cabinet secretary and

special minister of state

Senator John Faulkner.


Attorney-General Robert

McLegal land. The secretary of

the department, Robert Cornel

and finally, the Public Service

Commissioner Lynell Briggs.

They are among the government

ministers and senior public

servants who are join ing us

today and in our stream at the

summit. During the next two

days, we will have many guests,

we will have the PM dropping

by, various members of the

federal opposition as well as

State Premiers and a number of

their state opposition

counterparts too will drop in

to observe our progress. I

might add that there are some

270 journalists that have

registered for these two day,

so because trance partnersy in

government is one of our major

themes, -

themes, - transparency - we can

not act in any way which is not

totally transparent and there

are people possibly listening

to your breakout session, there

will certainly be a film record

of everything that the networks

can pick up, and there will be

photographers moves by. So I think you should understand

that you should work on the

premise that what you say could

well be reported. So I would

ask you to bear that in mind.

Finally, I would just like to

say how thrilled I am to be

joined by so many outstanding

people with such intellectual

muscle to cope with the

complexity of the issues we are

going to discuss over the next

two days. Good luck, and if

there is anything at all I can assist in, please rattle my

chain. Thank you.

chain. Thank you. Plaus

APPLAUSE I am hoping you will

all say things so they will be

reported. John thank you very

much for that. We are going to use this first session this

morning as an all in plenary,

actually, it is to release the

energy and free spirits in the

room, and it will be open

discussion on the four areas.

But before we go into that, and

this will be the only formal

presentation this morning, I

have asked Senator John

Faulkner to do a bit of a scene

setter for us. I hope you will

forgive the, I suppose, the

partisanship of this, but I

think my view is - and I know

many of people share that - if

anyone who has developed

considerable years of life in

proper process and gonance it

is Senator John Faulkner.

Please make him milk. - please

make him welcome APPLAUSE.

Stability is strength and

Australia's democracy is unden

ieblably stable. Those who

were our constitution forge

front door compromise

structures of a national

government which have withstood

more than a century of

accelerating change. Perhaps

the constantsy of our democracy

is unremarkable, in a nation

that was after all bornity

ballot box not on the battle

field. Certainly, most

Australians rarely stop in

their day-to-day lives to

consider whether they are

experiencing peace, order and

good government. But

institutions that endure

unchanged are not unmixed

blessings. Stability is a

strength, stag nation is not.

Australia is a very different

nation from the one first given

name and shape in this the 19th

century negt negotiations of

our constitutions. Australia

has changed. The world has

changed and Australia's place

in the world has changed. Some

changes have been evolutionary.

Government programs and the

public servants needed to

administer them just grew.

Some changes have been abrupt.

Two word war s dramatically

changed our views on defence,

security and international

alliances. Some crept up on

us, like our increasing

engagement with our region or

women 's participation in paid

work and some have been driven

by unpredictable and world

changing technology development

s like the explosive growth of

the Internet. Throughout there

has been a approach on the

national perspective. An

increase in the role, power,

financial control and responsibility of the

Commonwealth. But while the

environment in which we govern

has changed dramatically in the

last 100 year, the constitution

and the formal structures of

our government have changed

hardly at all. Does it matter?

After all, we are one of the

old - oldest and most stable

democracies in the world.

Surely our institutions must

have found ways to address the

changing demands of changing

times. Address, yes, but answer

- no. Today, the body that

comes closest to making the

Australian federation work is

COAG. Dig down into COAG and

you find a complex web of

intergovernmental agreements

and minceal counsels -

ministrerial council a, infrastructure built around the

constitution. So much of our

machinery was government was

not reflected in the

constitution. The cabinet, the

PM, political parties, all so

critical to the stabilitity of

our parliament and governance.

The Senate was conceived as a

state's House. The notion was

still born. The High Court

found its own way to respond to

a changing Australia, perhaps

as early as 1920, but

undenighably by the years of

the Mason court. A mature

democracy should have a

constitution that reflects the

reality of the body politic.

The 19th century structure of

our federation is creaking, if

not stretched to breaking point

to meet 21st century demands.

While our political culture

retards structural reform,

forcing fixes and work-around

solutions, governments are

result and to have structural

change. They accept rebuff of

citizen, for reason, 36 refer

ren dumbs for constitutional

change have been defeated.

Australians have been reluctant

to embrace modest reforms like

sim sim simultaneous elections

for both houses. We have also

seen the integrity of

governance in Australia

compromised. We have seen a

period where the apolitical nad

nature of the public service

has been tested. We have been

increased emphasise on security

and successy undermining

openness and transparency and

we have seen new laws respects

rights and freedoms pass

without a yard stick to measure

or restrain them. Some of

these symptoms of failing

structures can be and are being

reversed. Greater transparency

in our electoral system tough

codes of conduct in our other

systems much A prodisclosure

culture in government.

Government appoint ment the

made on merit. But these

reforms, important and

necessary as they are, treat

symptoms, nout underlying

causes. We can continue to

apply bandaid s as necessary.

But do we really want our

democracy to be one in which

accountablity and good

governance ultimately depend on

the good will, on the whim, of

the government of the day? I

hope that this 2020 summit will

look forward to a nation

unafraid to consider

substantial change. The

problem we must solve is how to

promote the process of change.

Any substantial change to our

structures of governance will

be hard to make without

political bipartisanship and

strong community support. And

the possibility of that is

undermined by cynicism about

poll tig - politicians motive s

and capacity of institutions to

prod real and lasting

solutions. Politics complain we

are too little trusted, too

often maligned. In 2006

politicians were reported to be

the least trusted professional

in Australia, ranking below

lawyer, journalists and psychic

s. Openness and transparency

are often prescribed as

remedies for lack of trust.

But this is more complex than

it seems. The properly issue

ration of new - proliferation

of new media and communications makes information both more

fluid and more precious.

Failures in confidentiality

can have cat atroughic affects

for nations and citizens, as

well as governments. News

media striving for market share

in a 24/7 news environment too

often prior ties the shocking

over the reasoned, stoked by

spin or encourage ed by banner

headlines, geared more to the

sensational than sensible.

In this environment the

inclination of governments to

keep their cards very close to

the chest is understandable.

Equally understandably, it

feeds the suspicion that the

whole story is not being told

and fuels a consequent mistrust

of the government's motives.

Is it reasonable for

governments to demand the

electorate trust them blindly

while they go about the

business of running the country

in secret? Is it reasonable to

expect governments to reveal

information that will be sensationalised, misinterpreted

and used to frustrate or even

destroy policy objectives?

destroy policy objectives? One

thing is certain, trust must be

part of the solution. Trust in

the political context is not

simply the belief that another

person is telling the truth.

Trust in politics speaking of

faith in motivations, and

reliance on judgment. But

disofntity is not the -

dishonesty is not the only way

to fail the test of political

trust. Indeed the road to

political hell is paved with

many a good electoral

intention. The contract of

political trust depends on

governments successfully

carrying out their commitments,

prizes aren't given for trying.

Gov nance is the Sinderella

of discussions about our

policy. Gonnance is not just

about choosing a government.

Nor determines what that

government will do. It is also

about the nitty-gritty, the

nuts and bolts, the often

boring detail of how a

government goes about its work.

Implementing policy, and

delivering programs. It is the

concrete steps that we take

after announcing our purpose.

A safety net for all

Australians is a noble aim, but

governments cannot pay sickness

allowance into people's bank

accounts by prerelease or build

aged care facilities by cabinet

decision alone. Without those

concrete steps, a yawning gulf

remains between idea and

action. Enwithout them,

governments will be rich on

purpose but poor on results. To

achieve real reform in

governance, we must overcome

the idea that there is a

division of purpose and

process. Of ends and means.

The challenge for us today is

to do as Australia's Democratic

pioneers did in the 19th

century. The democracy they

created then was

state-of-the-art. World class.

They had the courage to rise

above their colonial interests.

The confidence to propose a

blue print for a new nation and

the pragmatism to accept

compromise in the pursuit of a

greater end. They had the

foresight to conceive the

vision that would serve for

generations beyond their own.

Here at this 2020 summit we

too have the opportunity to

imagine the nation of our

future. We too have the chance

to debate how, to decide if our

democracy will grow and change.

It is an opportunity to look

forward, beyond the most

immediate weaknesses we see,

and begin to discuss the shape

of the nation we would like to

divine. A nation who's

democracy means every voice can

be heard. A nation who's

citizens don't fall through the

gaps between different levels

of government. A nation with a

constitution that according

full and proper respect to the

first Australians. A nation

where individual rights are

protected. And an Australian

Republic, a fully independent nation with a head of State of

our own. The PM has challenged

us to propose reforms for our

nation to go forward to 2020.

In the 2005 Henry Parks

aration I proposed three

changes to improve Australia's

governance. More democracy and

trarns parnssy in our political

party, including my own Labor

Party, where I propose the

direct election of as many

party officials and candidates

for public office as possible.

More accountablity in the

media, by extending the role of

the press council to cover all

forms of media and ensuring it

has adequate staff and

resources. To make sure the

media's self regulation

mechanisms are strong and

effective. And that any self

regulatory body is vigorous and

independent. And a way around

the road block of existing

federalist requirements for

constitutional reform. With a

commission into constitutional

reform as a starting point.

Tasked with exploring the best

ways to maximise Democratic participation in the

constitutional reform process.

I believe those proposed

changes remain relevant today.

This weekend will see many,

many more suggestions and

proposals for improving the

quality and structure of

Australia's governance.

Unquestionably, we need new

ways to affect change. The

process itself must embody the

vision we pursue. For

governance is not only the

means through which we pursue

our goals, but the way in which

we create them.

we create them. Let our means

be worthy of our ends. Let our

goals be worthy of ourselves.


APPLAUSE John thank you very

much. Rules of engage: how

about this - for the next

three-quarters of ap hour or so

we have a bit of an all-in. I

might refer to it as the

rhetorical version of speed

dating. What I will suggest is

across the four streams how

about first off we dive into

the question of the

constitution. The

constitutional reform. Picking

perhaps up on John Faulkner's

last point there. I suggest on

a show of hands I will take

comments. You have got maximum

3 minutes and I suggest this -

you stand up and say who you

are, you nominate your top idea

in this particular area whether

it is constitutional or public

administration and you talk to

that. Ideally for two minutes

but three minutes max. How

about that. Stand up, give me

your name and top idea and

argue to it and keep it 2 or 3

minutes. Can I just nominate

to kick us off Helen Irving

first. Helen keep it brief,

please. Helen? No, um, um.

Up, up. Come on. You have

been thinking about this all

your life. (Inaudible) I

endorse John Faulkner's call

for a constitutional convention

to completely reconsider the

constitution's appropriatedness

and its workablity in the light

and interests of the 21ST

century. I would also I guess

- if I can have a sub item,

want the constitution to be

(Inaudible) to be rewritten and

reworked so it is actually

intelligent because it can be

only be changed by the

Australian people and the Australian people...

Australian people... That's

where we leave the future of's

Australia's governance.

Passionately held views there.

This is the title of our next

settle, future of the

indigenous Australians. The chair is Jenny Macklin and

Jackie Huggins. Welcome

everyone. Wow what a buzz in

the room. That's - what I see

as what this weekend's all

about, keeping this buzz going.

If I can first of all thank

Matilda House, who is here

somewhere. There you are. Next

to Mark. Thank you Matilda for

that wonderful welcome to

country, I think you always are

so warm, so incredibly loving

and welcoming, and we are

incredibly privileged to have

you with us today as part of

our contribution to the summit.

If I can pay my respects to you

and the other traditional

owners and thank you for having

us on your land today. It is

great to be here Jackie

Huggins, my coach here. Jackie

is well-known, I am sure, to

most of you. And somehow we

are going to try and encapsulate this fabulous

energy that is in the room here

today. It really is just

fantastic to see so many of you

here, so ready and willing to

contribute all of your ideas

and I think creativity for the

next two days that's about

making our country a better

place for all of us to live in.

As we have just heard this

morning, and I think the

feeling in this room and the

feeling in the Great Hall, it

really is an unprecedented

opportunity for so many

different people to come from

every part of Australia to

contribute your ideas. And

that's really what this morning

and this afternoon and tomorrow

morning is all about. New

ideas. Creativity, not

thinking too much about the

problems, I think we are all

very, very well aware of the

problems, I hope we get past

the problems, we have got a

very good understanding of

those. Let's try to get past

the problems, past the

challenges and into the

solutions. What will take us forward rather than backwards.

I think we all have a bit of a

tendency to say "This is a

problem or that's a problem.

This say challenge or that's a

challenge". Try to think of

the idea that will fix the

problem. What's an idea that

will help take us forward? So

I think that's the most

important message that I have

got for you this morning. As

you heard the PM say, we in the

government and in the

bureaucracy don't think for a

minute we have got all of the

ideas. Ha is what this summit

is all about. It really is

recognising that we don't have

all the ideas. We do have some

and we are happy to share those

with you, but we really want to

hear from you about your ideas

and how we can go forward. It

is those ideas that will mean

that we can capture the

creativity that is really out

in our community. It is not

all here in Canberra - maybe it

is today - but not normally. I

think the other thing is I

think to make sure we all

recognise that we have got an

enormous number of people here

today that have a lot to say.

We all need to make sure we

give the other people in the

room, in addition to ourselves

- the chance to speak. So keep

it brief, keep it consees, to

the point. Don't ram bell on,

and make sure that we respect

each other and everybody else's

ideas. There will be a number

of people moving through the

group, so I am sure not one

person here today will be the

faintest bit intimidated. But

knowing many of you as I do -

but I am letting you know there will be Premier, the Leader of

the Opposition will come

through, each and every one of

us has a contribution and of

course they want to contribute

as well. I am just really

letting you know that in

addition to this group of about

100 people, we have got a few

what we are calling floaters -

not generally the way we

describe Premiers - but

nevertheless, you are the

personanents and they -

permanents and they are the

"Floaters". Just treat them

with the - treat them with your

usual cordial respect. And

make them feel welcome in our

group. The other thing I want

to do is just go through a

little bit of process and

introduce you to our chief

facilitator here. She probably

doesn't want to be called chief

- but probably by the end of

the weekend you will recognise

her value. Lynette Glendining

is going to be the main

facilitator with our group.

And we have a number of helpers

who will be working with her.

We also have some scribes, some

of them from my department, so

everything you write down will

be as well recorded as we

possibly can. If I can just

say to all of you though, even

after Lynette's gone through

how the day is going to work,

if things aren't working from

your point of view, just come

up, let any one of us know,

make sure you keep us in touch

if things - if your views

aren't being listened to in the

way you think they should. We

are going to try to keep it a

bit organised because we don't

have much time and we want to

be very productive, but equally

we want to make sure people are

in groups and are talking about

issues in a way that is

productive for each of you

individually. So let us know if

you want to move around,

Lynette will take you through

the detail of all of those

issues. Because as I say, the

main thing is to get the value

from you and so let us know if

you need to move to a different

group because someone's not

saying something you

particularly agree with and of

course given we are all going

to be very respectful to each

other, it might be better just

to move on. It's great to be -

it's really great to be here

with Jackie and Jackie is going

to say a few words as well, you

would be aware by all the

cameras in the room that

everything we say and do this

weekend is public. It is one

of the things the PM really

wanted about this summit, is

for us to be open. So just be

aware of that in the way that

you talk, and the way we - some

of the things you might not

want to have broadcast to the

rest of the world, maybe say it

a little more quietly, and I

just wanted to let you know

that will be happening even in

your small groups. It's all

public. Which I think is a

great thing. As you heard from

the PM, we are taking this

very, very seriously. We are

not only recording every that

happens here today, and

tomorrow, the government will

take these idea s in, will

examine them all seriously, we

won't take them all up - and I

don't think any of you would

expect us to. But we will take

all of them seriously. And in

the process of thinking about where to go forward with them,

we will certainly be discussing

that with you. So once again,

thank you so much for your

willingness to be here, the

energy and the vitality that

you bring, the fabulous buzz

that's in the room, because I

know that you, like me, want

this country to be a better

place, particularly for indigenous Australians. Thank

you once again. APPLAUSE

Thank you and I would like to

acknowledge Matilda House here

today and the Ngnunnawal people

and always doing that

wonderful, proud and sometimes

comical welcome. Which is all

about Aboriginal humour, so

much of what we need these days

and will never fortget. It is

great to be here Matilda and to

all of you brothers and sister,

thank you very much for coming.

It is brat to - great to see

you all. In fact I think the

split around here is probably

80-20 or 70-30 in terms of

indigenous and non-indigenous

peoples. We know that we all

have such a yearning in our

hearts to actually do

something. We are in an

opportunity, I think we have

had a fantastic opportunity

since the election - sorry,

election, probably that too -

but woops - I am by part zan

anyway, since the the apology

of course - I should follow the

script you know. I am sort of

not real good at doing that

either. But, yes, that too.

But obviously since the apology

there is a new opportunity for

all of us. Like you, I have

been in this business for a

long, long time. Sometimes not

near as long as people like -

Lowitja O'Donoghue in the room,

Graham difficult l - Dillon,

our brother from the Gold Coast

and others. Please forgive me

but we have been talking,

talking, talking and sometimes

we get really tired and board

- bored by it and hopefully

people out there will now begin

to listen. And that's the way

I feel about T and I make no

apalg about that - apology

about that. I said to the PM

last night - I really believe

we have been brought out of a wilderness here in terms of

conversation , the way we are

able to speak to each other,

and to look one another,

finally, straight in the eye,

and say "I am your equal, I am

your equal". Murray's probably

a little bit better, but we are

not going to go there. We

won't go there. You know, and

I see all the Queenslanders -

But, seriously, you know that

I respect each and every one of

you, we may differ in our

views, I have got a little

saying lately that you know, we

all want to reach the same

destination, but we may be on

different paths and different

journeys, but we are going to

arrive there some day. And I

want to thank Sana - you are

you here? No. For her

beautiful talk this morning. Wasn't that great?

APPLAUSE And the true

reconciliation that I am with

people like Patrick Dodson and

other people in the room, we

acknowledge we are products of

our history and in some cases

many of us are products of

bi-culturalism as well. So it

was really great to see and to

hear her words, and it was just

fantastic. I want to talk to

you, I guess, and I really need

to read a bit of this because

it is quite serious in relation

to what we are attempting to do

here today in terms of

delivering some of the outcomes

to talk about our ideas, and I

know that many of you have put

in to place and into thought

your big one idea that you

would like to see us tackle. In

the indigenous summit stream.

But my fear really is that

focusing on the energies, on

deciding which big idea to back

this weekend, we run the risk

sometimes of once again

misleading ourselves and misleading Australia that there

is a silver bullet and there is

a silver bullet to indigenous

disadvantage to ecad ever

radcate - eradicate that. We

know many ideas over the past

have failed us dismallee. We

know that, we know the policy

in our country for the past 40

years has not been right and we

want to look at new ways in

which we can talk a new talk,

we can talk a new vocabulary,

we can work on newworks and new

ideas because what's happened

in the past still keeps us

imprisoned and entrenched in

various silos of health,

education, welfare, employment,

law, justice et cetera, etc.

Let not the weekend be

something like that that holds

us to the find of foundation

that we are so used to

operating from. Let's hear from

others and hear their views in

relation to where they think we

should be heading and where we

will be in 2020. I will be 64 -

hope I'm still here - I will be

here because I have the faith

that ium I'm gonna live that

long, and longer, I hope. I

think we've got people in the

room here that want to live to

100, and that's great. I dont

know about me, I don't know if

that's an option but good on

you. I think that we really do

need to talk about this aspect

of what we want ahead and the

nation-building aspects of our

country. So I say to you please

enjoy this weekend. We need to

seize the opportunity and I

guess we also have to work out

the how because we know the

what. We know what it is that

needs to be done, that's why

you have been brought here.

Many of you know that, you've

been working in your areas for

decades. Now we're going to

talk about hopefully the how

and how to get there and we

know what needs to be done so

welcome one and all. Jackie

Huggins and the how and how we

get there was discussed in

smaller groups. When they came

back, this is some of the

reports back to the broader

group. Hello, can you hear me?

I think we were asked to look

at our describe the

perspectives through one of the

categories listed on this

yellow page so we picked the

first one, young Indigenous

family, but rather than just

looking at the regional

Australia, the topic was just

in relation to one young

Indigenous family. We

acknowledged that while there

were various demographic

factors and variables that

affect ed living in an urban,

rural or remote context, the

issue was one of a young

Indigenous family in 2020. If I

could maybe describe a story,

the situation would be

obviously a functional family

with someone working, someone

being able to stay and mentor

in the household in relation to

issues that deal with the

social and cultural development

and maintenance of that family.

If it's a man or a woman or

whoever it is that is the

employed person walking down

Saint Georges terrace in a

3-piece suit ear the latest

fashion from Paris but having

great confidence through the

ability of being able to speak

their language and ability to

be able to understand the

nature of the obligations they

have to their families and to

their community, wherever they

come from, and that would be a

significant part of the

discussion, it would be about

trying to look at restructuring

or providing the support and

investment in regards to the

family at home in the home

environment and also

particularly in terms of the

children because I think we all

recognise the contemporary

situation, the difficulty of

trying to - not that we've

necessarily given up, we have

to work concurrently both with

the young but also in terms of

dealing with the dysfunctional

family environment. A key thing people discussed were the

question of providing the right

setting and the right framework

for education and employment

opportunities and part