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Vote-buying in IWC confirmed -

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The London Times appears to have confirmed rumours that Japan bribes poor countries to support its
whaling activities.


TONY JONES, PRESENTER: Well, next week the international whaling commission seriously gets under
way in Morocco where Japanese officials will push for an end to the 24-year moratorium on
commercial whaling.

For years there have been rumours that Japan has effectively bought votes through aid for poor
countries to support their whaling activities and now there appears to be some further evidence.
The Sunday Times in London has run a sting operation to attempt to unravel links between the
Japanese and some of the poorer countries that support their efforts to open up whaling.

Undercover reporters posed as representatives of a billionaire conservationist who was willing to,
in effect, buy the votes of those countries to change from pro to anti whaling.

Europe correspondent Philip Williams spoke to one of the reporters involved, Jonathan Calvert, who
requested his face not be shown on television.

PHILIP WILLIAMS: The sting was simple. Approach officials from six poor countries that receive aid
from Japan and then vote with them at the IWC. Then pretend to negotiate to change that vote. And
in the process, try and reveal how the Japanese operate.

JONATHAN CALVERT, SUNDAY TIMES REPORTER: It really makes a mockery of the process because it's not
about whaling. It's entirely about different countries getting benefit out of voting for Japan and

This is Ibrahima Sylla who's the National Director of Fisheries for the Republic of Guinea. He was
the person who was telling us that IWC meetings, all his delegation get paid for their hotels,
their trips. But on top of that they get $300 a day spending money.

Now the Minister, because he's much more important and makes decisions, gets $1000 in spending
money which, as I was saying earlier, is the same as the average wage for a year in the Republic of

IBRAHIMA SYLLA: Discretion, with discretion. So sometimes they give it for the minister to me.

JOURNALIST: Yes, yes and then you give to the Minister?


JOURNALIST: Yes, of course.

IBRAHIMA SYLLA: Yes, yes no, not straight to the Minister. No.

JOURNALIST: No, why not? Because they ...

IBRAHIMA SYLLA: You know, you know, Minister is a political man too.

JOURNALIST: Yeah. So they don't want it to seem like they're corrupting the Minister.

IBRAHIMA SYLLA: C'est Ca. Exactement.


PHILIP WILLIAMS: This next clip shows the Deputy Director of the Kiribati Ministry of Fisheries,
Michael Booty.

JONATHAN CALVERT: Do they normally just give you some money?

so the e-ticket and then on arrival they give the allowance and living costs and they pay for the
hotel, that's what they do.

JONATHAN CALVERT: So when you arrive they just give you cash, is that what Japan normally does?

MICHAEL BOOTY: Yeah, near the conference.

JOURNALIST: So we give you the money at the beginning of the conference?

MICHAEL BOOTY: Yeah and then like the registration person and then they have a support meeting but
signing the documents and ensure, something like that and then the ticket with the hotel is paid
for, so they completely pay for the cost of the ticket and the money that they use, they should
have to buy lunch or something, you know, something like that.

JONATHAN CALVERT: Presumably they do that for other countries as well, do they?

MICHAEL BOOTY: They do. They do.

JONATHAN CALVERT: Which ones, do you know?

MICHAEL BOOTY: Most of the Pacific Islands. They do most of the Pacific Islands.

PHILIP WILLIAMS: And what about this lady here, what can you tell us?

JONATHAN CALVERT: This is Doreen Debrun. She was the Fisheries Policy Adviser to the Government of
the Marshal Islands. She was personally hated whaling and said her country very much didn't want to
vote for commercial whaling but she said quite plainly that the reason that they did was because of
the huge amounts of aid that they get from Japan.

(ON VIDEO) How does Japan link the aid to the vote on whaling?

DOREEN DEBRUN: I just think that our governments just feel the obligation to support them because
of it. They indirectly link it.

PHILIP WILLIAMS: But while offers of millions in aid may imply a pressure on nations, delivery of
cash in envelopes to officials, and all expenses paid trips to Japan are a far more personal way of
cultivating influence.

JONATHAN CALVERT: This is Jeffrey Naniaro who's the IWC Commissioner for Tanzania. He went on to
tell us about how Japan, once you're on their side, kept you on their side by taking you on trips
to Japan where you'd go to 5 star hotels, you would be given first class flights and you would also
have prostitutes provided at your hotel for you.

PHILIP WILLIAMS: He of course said he didn't partake in this himself?

JONATHAN CALVERT: Yes, he said he didn't do it himself but he had been offered it.

JEFFREY NANIARO, IWC COMMISSIONER FOR TANZANIA: Yes, you know, yeah. There are these girls, you
know. When you are in your hotel because even me, once in my room, somebody would phone you, you


JEFFREY NANIARO: Yes. And they start by saying that, you know, "do you want massaging? No? Free?
It's going to be free massaging", you know? "Are you not lonely?" And all that. "You don't want any
comfort?" And all that, yeah. It is such a language, yeah.

JONATHAN CALVERT: Has that happened to you?


PHILIP WILLIAMS: The Japanese Foreign Ministry has absolutely categorically denied all of these

JONATHAN CALVERT: I think it's very much up to the member countries of the IWC now to take it up
with the, at the main meeting next week and raise these issues because they're quite serious, that
if Japan is buying the votes of other countries, how can this organisation continue to exist?

PHILIP WILLIAMS: And yet I suppose Japan may say well look, that's just aid. We give aid to lots of
countries, it's not tied aid, it's up to those countries who they support.

JONATHAN CALVERT: Yes, well it's also cash and brown paper envelopes as well.