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(generated from captions) behind you. That's Civic Russell is further over. This behind you. That's Civic and

view is one of the Canberra, we are halfway up spectacular. Looks fantastic, hill. Right at the top it's

you told a fib. We wear a sweater you told a fib. We want you to

bizarre shirt. You wanted wear a sweater to cover the

wear bizarre shirt. You wanted to that's your wear it, if you are cold,

wearing this specially, this is that's your fault of I'm

my suit. Thank my birthday shirt, not that's ABC News, stay with us now for 'Stateline' with Chris Kimble. We'll into the world's longest lunch, part of the Melbourne's and wine festival. Have a weekend, goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI Hello Stateline. I'm Chris Kimball. Hello and welcome to

This week - happy year of the Canberra Symphony Orchestra, that story But Orchestra, that story shortly.

birthday. Just three But today is Canberra's 97th

much more than a few old jokes who live here, this city is

about roundabouts and good sheep paddocks being spoilt. The history of the region full of adventure, feuds and colourful character, none more so than the King none more so than the legendary name but his full story rarely been told. O'Malley name but his full story has

something of a rarely been told. O'Malley was

getting to the truth hasn't something of a fabulist, so always our contribution in the lead-up to the centenary the tall tales and true historian David Headon tackles

the tall tales and true of King O'Malley: In a wonderful, if little known travel book 'Following the Equator', Samuel Clemens, known to all of us Mark Clemens, known to all of us as colonial community in the first-hand on Australia's

mid-1890s. Memorandum raibly, he history is almost picturesque. history is almost always curious and strange that it is picturesque. Indeed, it is so

itself the chiefest novelty the country has like the most beautiful not read lining history, but

lies. This Twain tain as perceptive - lies. This was a comment from

Twain as perceptive sparkingly original. But what Twain as perceptive as it was

the celebrated American ist would not have known that the celebrated American novel

his words held as much truth, applied to one of his counter ooh I - countrymen re applied to one of his own

siding in Federation Australia, 100 year ing ago, as for anyone else in continent at that time. King else in the distant southern

O'Malley - insurance real estate agent, O'Malley - insurance agent,

politician, real estate agent, colonial

teller, finance gur ry politician, orator, tall tale

easy description. He was a teller, finance gur ry - defies

genuine one-off. In 1888, the age of possibly 30, he came to Australia to stay, and he died in Melbourne just before Christmas 1953, leaving healthy estate. O'Malley acarded a state funeral healthy estate. O'Malley was

very acarded a state funeral as the Commonwealth of Australia's very last survivor of the

celebrated first national Parliament of May 1901. This first Parliament included a cluster of ministerial stars - Edmund Watson, George Reid, Fisher - Andrew Fisher and 'Billy' Hughes and of course been 9 #r5 when he died but he one King. O'Malley may have

to claim in Australia that he will never know because he had

had been born in a British empire country - in Canada - in order empire country - in this case,

an Australian Parliament. He Canada - in order to stand for

told a lie, a beautiful that everyone in Australia was in on for all knew O'Malley was born in the United States. It would not be first time, and far from the States. It would not be the

last, chequered past prudently reverted to constructive falsehood. But do these quirks of background and behaviour entitled King O'Malley to be singled out for special treatment, a and more later? The answer lies special treatment, a century

in this historic footage, directed by the doyen of Australian silent film industry directed by the doyen of the

Raymond Longford and elegantly filmed on Canberra's just on 97 years ago, on 12 filmed on Canberra's birthday

March 1913. On day was March 1913. On the podium that Minister, Andrew Fisher - a day was Australia's fifth Prime firm favourite of Kevin As well as Lord and Lady Denman, and the Labor Government's highly Denman, and the Labor Federal

controversial Minister for Home Affairs, the

O'Malley. As one Australian contemporary noted, on dusty autumn day, the elite company, O'Malley 'stood by the side of the stone which he was to play, his planted his right foot on it, foelgded his arms the beautiful sweep of country foelgded his arms and surveyed

in front of him. O'Malley stood there like a king - monarch of all he surveyed.". And when stood like a king He stood these very foundation stones 12 March 1913. He is a these very foundation stones on

fundamental part of early Canberra knew it and he exploited every single cent it was But mention the name King O'Malley to most Canberrans today and it's a pretty fair bet they will right here in the middle of the bet they will say it's pub

city. This pub, established in the year 2000, and Canberrans. Let's go and have a look. The reason we have such an entertaining testament to a highly talented, if lawed, man is King O'Malley's publican, Peter Barclay. I think he is probably the most flamboyant Australia has ever had. I read and interesting politician

the A.R. Hoyle book the A.R. Hoyle book on King O'Malley and I was fascinated by him. He was an eanything marks a person. The more I researched into his life, the more fascinated I became. He fascinated I became. He was the one who put the first put the first peg in the ground, the survey ground, the survey peg that started Canberra off Minister the. The more - the Minister for Home Affairs. The more I looked around the more more I looked around the more I found into his life. Dudley Drew painted Kim for the Commonwealth Bank Commonwealth Bank and he painted it over a 10-week period. He went to the house Albert park and he had Albert park and he had to help King O'Malley get dressed

have his tie on and look for this portrait. It's now ended up in the board room of the Commonwealth Bank in Martin Place in Sydney. He wasn't a well-known artist, and some research and managed to get in contact with him. lives in Victoria. And period of time I got to know him and I said, "Would you feel comfortable to do another

portrait of King portrait of King O'Malley?" And he said, yt yes, I will do it." That was my first That was my first major commission. He said I am not going to make a reproduction of what I did for Bank. I want to do of what he really looked like. And that's the one behind us. There are us. There are no less than three biographies of O'Malley. The Hoyle took is by far if The Hoyle took is by far if most reliable, by the biography, that is scarcely a complement Pty Ltd. The Larry Noye is a frustrating mix Noye is a frustrating mix of misprint, pagination gone wild, big sloofbs quote, and errors of judgment. An the problem with the Dorothy problem with the Dorothy Catts book is that Dorothy was just too close to her charismatic and charming subject. And this is one of is one of the reasons why man is such an enigma to the detective biographer Those strange, carefully crafted lie s about crafted lie s about his past, to name a few - no, live in this cave in Queensland when he first arrived in Australia. No, Australia. No, he did not get befriended by an befriended by an Australian Aborigine no, he did not walk no, he did not walk from Rockhampton to Rockhampton to Adelaide and through Tasmania. Dorothy Catts, friend Dorothy Catts, friend and biographer, swallowed these fibs hook, line what do we know? Well, we for sure that, soon after his arrival in arrival in Australia, O'Malley visited Melbourne for that city's massive International Centennial Exhibition in the last months of 1888. An

Australian journalist covering the big event years later re called the eccentric American O'Malley, who represented himself at time as the Arizona Kicker King. We also that, in the 1890, O'Malley spent time spent time in the Western Australian Goldfields, mostly in Kalgoorlie and in Kalgoorlie and Coolgardie, where he made good muvenlts we know that he went from there to SA to reside. The frontier-style of colonial politics in Australia at time had immediate appeal to O'Malley, and when he ran for office for the first time in the South Australian the South Australian House of Assembly elections in April 1896, he was elected as one of the the two members for Encounter Bay. The result surprised of his rivals, but, as history would show, it shouldn't. Have the O'Malley star under the southern cross was rise ing, quickly. In 1901, after nearly a year campaigning for one of the Tasmanian seats in the first Commonwealth Parliament and again surprise of many,

elected. Mainland Australian newspapers were gobsmacked by the new arrival on the national stage, aberration. Melbourne's Punch newspaper felt insulted. "King O'Malley represents the O'Malley represents the most eccentric development in Australian democracy, the basic principle in his dealings principle in his dealings is what is there nit for O'Malley" Such comments did him justice for there was much more to O'Malley than self-agrandisement. His main supporters supporters were the hulking, no-nonsense miners of west coast Tasmania. They took a real shine extravagances, his bravado, his love of a scrap One young him in the early politics day - political days getting out of the train in Queenstown Tasmania with characteristic panache. Fort tsh - panache. Fort tsh - this building is beautifully restored for us today. appears that many Australian women, expoeged to were positively

of Hollywood before Hollywood had begun. Again, one contemporary journalist who observed this phenomenon at work for the first time at the 1888 Melbourne exhibition and at later political events was in no doubt that rly female doubt that rly female suffrage in Australia was the key to the American's success. As he wrote,

wrote, "It was not till lovely woman secured the vote that woman secured the vote that the real genius of O'Malley was recognised and rewarded:" recognised and rewarded:" There is victory in the eye man. His whiskers breathe confidence, his perpetual invitation to the stricken deer. But if the women of early Federation Australia swooned, a significant number of O'Malley's male political

opponents and fellow Labor Party members Party members alike, recoiled from his more outlandish behaviour. The Labor Party's first first three prime ministers - Chris Watson, Andrew Fisher Billy Hughes - O'Malley's Billy Hughes - O'Malley's party colleagues, regarded him suspicious bordering on dislike. - dislike. - suspicion boardering on dislike. But on dislike. But they could not ignore him. Popular within the Labor caulk glus the Labor caulk glus the Fisher Government to 1910 to 1913, O'Malley had the numbers O'Malley had the numbers to obtain a ministry despite his leader's misgivings. And since this Government serve a historic full term with majorities in both houses,

O'Malley as Minister for Home Affairs had the opportunity to promote some of the causes closest to his heart - among them, olds age pensions, them, olds age pensions, a government-owned and run bank, the rights of women, the rights of women, and courtesy of his bible-belt background, background, temperance. O'Malley hated the O'Malley hated the effects of strong drink. For him, it nothing more than stagger - as he always call it - - as he always call it - a blight on the community which should be eradicated. King O'Malley had the home affairs the home affairs portfolio for the majority of the time between 1910 and 1916. In other words, as the choice and progress of Canberra as the national capital was being heatedly debated Parliament in the lead-up and aftermath of 1913, it was O'Malley in the driver's Prime Minister Fisher wanted the issue done and dusted as soon as possible. soon as possible. O'Malley, on the other hand, accepted the other hand, accepted the challenge with himself into the job, as fascinating diaries, now in the care of the National Library of Australia, show us. It Australia, show us. It is also worth noting that, despite O'Malley's enthusiasm for Canberra in these key year, in the beginning he was no advocate of the Canberra as the national capital. In spite of being capital, in July 1901, at that time was happy at that time was happy to bask in the urban amenity of Melbourne, with its museums, galleries, exemplary parliamentary facilities, parliamentary facilities, and perhaps the best perhaps the best racecourses in Australia world. He loved a punt. But the capital story quickened a-appreciataibly in 19 o-2 and with its O'Malley's interest. In 1903, he In 1903, he came out strongly in favour of Bombala, at one point tell ing the House of Representatives in a cold climate myth hetric ever there was spot set apart by the creator to be by the creator to be the capital of this great Australia, it is Bombala. The history of the world shows that cold climate have produced

cold climate have produced the greatest genuses. Seven years later, Affairs and after scoping Yass-Canberra option with his own eye, in September about the wonders of Canberra. NSW is the empire State of the Commonwealth. And we to have a city that will be to have a city that will be got - Gotham of Australia.

Yass-Canberra occupies one the highest situations in NSW. I slept there in a tent last June, and felt in the morning that I had awakened to a new world. O'Malley wanted more for the capital of his adopted country, country, demanding that the intended 900 square miles, plus, of Federal plus, of Federal territory would not be freehold land, where as in Washington DC the real estate sharks had a field day with inflating prices. For O'Malley, the new world egalitarian Australian capital city must comprise only lease hold land - land, as he said his 1901 House motion that would forever remain would forever remain the property of the the property of all the people of Australia. And of Australia. And that's why we're all leaseholdsers in the ACT today. While O'Malley did not leave a permanent legacy of prohibition for the resident the what was capital territory, he did go perilously close. In fact, the first of January 1911, first of January 1911, the 'Financial Review' first ordnance of the Federal territory was

territory was to make the ACT alcohol free, and that alcohol free, and that could last for a full 17 years, until 1928. The FTC citizens were sick of driving to Queanbeyan to get a beer and they overturned that ordnance in the referendums. The build-up to Canberra's grand 2013, O'Malley's prominent place in the early history needs to be moved the first visionary motion to create the capital. He took an active role in the Battle of the Sites to find a capital. He piloted find a capital. He piloted the issue through the national Parliaments mostly as the Minister for Home Affairs Minister for Home Affairs and in that capacity in that capacity he took complete and complete and controversial control of the international competition to design the capital - a competition, as you all know, won

all know, won by two Chicagoans, Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin in May Griffin in May 1912. When King O'Malley stood on this podium, he was using trowel. He was trowel. He was indeed the monarch of all her But the trowel to say is a sacred object but of course the importance of today, the privilege for me today, as this is the first time that time that this object, this sacred object, this part of the national treasure, national treasure, it's the first time first time it's been brought back to the foundation Stones since 1913. It's now in pictorial section of the National Library of Australia and I feel honoured to be holding the trowel today. The speech he gave that day is not in the top rung of

utterances. But the good news, the great the great news is that the National Film and Sound Archive has a historic recording of the sweep that O'Malley made in 1937 when he was '70s for posterity. He missed an opportunity for self-promotion. I will leave you with a sample

national treasure. NEWSREEL: Your Lord and Lady Denman, I Lord and Lady Denman, I thank her excellency, her excellency, Lady Denman, for Kristening the Canberra. Today the 12th of March, 1913. We are assembled

around those commencement stones on Capital Hill, Canberra. And David be back during during the be back during during the year with more of with more of Canberra's history. That special was Porombka. Also celebrating a birthday this birthday this weekend is the Canberra Symphony Orchestra. It's turning 60. So how is the old baby boomer travelling? We met with some of the mainstays the mainstays of the orchestra

to learn its story. When you're inside the sound, it's unbelievably exciting. As a bass player, sitting

write am, I've got this huge thing that, when you play the bass, the travel up your leg into your - and so you're shaking. strings are just raw and intense, and the winds are cutting in your face, it's amazing. I couldn't believe it. The Canberra experience for me is because there's always something there, a sense right. Some of our other right. Some of our other player s are teach tarts School 068 h of music. They've got got recognised careers at a high level and we've got new musicians who are just graduating from the School of Music, entering Music, entering the profession. There's profession. There's no other orchestra that professionals and orchestra that has

mixing in that way for concerts. Each orchestra is little bit different from the previous one because of the 150 musicians that we have on our in all of the concerts. So there is that unknown. Canberra there is that element of the unknown. Canberra symphony is silt on the edge of your thinking is it going to stay silt on the edge of your seat

together? And it makes better. our 60th anniversary. And This year, we're celebrating

is a huge milestone for any our 60th anniversary. And that

organisation. And the CSO come from advertisement in the 'Canberra beginnings. We responded to an

Times' from one of Canberra's resident jazz musicians and some 20 or so responded and within a advertising the fact that that within a week or two he was

he was so response that there would be a meeting parties an we would establish meeting of all interested

who became the Canberra orchestral society. Was it a motley crew? Very much so and remains - I don't like to them a motley remains - I don't like to call

very mixed group of people. We by then and we had young people had a few professional players

coming out of the School of Music. But the breast of the players were from community. Hay they were from players were from the

orchestra is very much the suppose the history of the

history of the period of 15 years made to the that first Llewellyn over a

development of the orchestra. He now returns to the platform. And then when he

left, we were lucky again because we because we had Leonard dumbit

come into the score. What did Llewellyn for culture and art and music in Canberra? I think he able to raise the state able to raise the state and the enthusiasm and the standard of what this motry crew - crew, as you called them, what this motry crew - motley

doing, were crew, as you called them, were

to nurture it from what perhaps the kindergarten stage, maybe to the end of nurture school and Len was there to high school years nurture it maybe through its nurture it maybe through

the '- by the time the became around, indeed we had what was very near lay full became around, indeed we had a

me a time. What challenges came with

orchestra? Cost was a big me a professional

Because you can't orchestra? Cost was a big one.

professional musicians them decent money. But that as professionals without paying

meant that costs were es ka laeth all the time - escalating all the time. I guess to the head in the early 2000s with some real strugglings with some real financial 15? Yes, - perhaps became a bit ambitious 15? Yes, - orchestra? Yes, we

and found

aware that it was tough for the overcommitted. We were very

in the number orchestra. There were cutbacks

that did affect people relied on the orchestra that did affect people who

their income. Was there a there that the orchestra was their income. Was there a time serious ly under threat? There have been the orchestra has been under have been several times when

threat. We're here those times did pass, but only passed those times did pass, but they

a number of within the community that a number of organisations

helped to take the orchestra out of those financial problems. The community really supports the CSO and we've got some subscribers that have been subscribing for 40 years. And that's amazing. Despite the financial cost s now, the talent that we're able to

on the stage is such talent that we're able to put

And I think Nicholas, present conductor, And I think Nicholas, our

demonstrating that. Our chief present conductor, is

conductor and artistic is Nicholas Milton. He conductor and artistic director

in the old eastern Germany at the moment. One minute a great sound orchestra and the he gives you a glare for orchestra and the next minute

hitting the wrong note and you think you can't do that. But that's how he rehearse s. He behands - demands perfection. I think ahead at a rappaid pace and think technology is moving

there are lots of things we want to consider to for future. Using want to consider to for the future. Using the technology to actually take performances to regional areas is certainly something that we want consider. Why shouldn't it something that we want to

happen. Canberra is the capital city of course and it has a large out lying regional area. People who can There's a People who can nerve get to see

amongst not only the orchestra There's a great camaraderie There's a great

Baw the community and the community want to see survive. Everyone wants to see community want to see it

it survive. So I enrichment it survive. So I will. The music, it's good for soul. It

makes you feel great.

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This program is not subtitled

Now is the moment of truth. (SCOTTISH ACCENT) It's down to this, your last meal. This alone will decide which of you the first ever winner will go on to be proclaimed of Australia's Inside Chef. Fingers, you're first.

Oh, Fingers. I can chew. That's unchewable! I think you've bitten off more than hard on you this series, Now, Harry, I know I've been but will it all be worth it?

Ugh! Ugh! to do to me? Harry, what are you trying in that, you idiot?! How much chilli powder did you put I never put no chilli in there! You're a numpty, Harry!

I'd still starve to death. If you served up your brain to me Oh, get, get f... Enid, sweet Enid. those two poor excuses for men. I hope you can do better than