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ABC News 24: The World -

View in ParlView

(generated from captions) On the tonight's program -

ousted e Jim Sian Hosni Mubarak faces ousted e Jim Sian President court on charges of corruption Hosni Mubarak faces a Cairo

and conspiring to kill protests.

our Middle East correspondent We'll get the latest from

who is following developments

in Cairo. Also ahead - share

gloom over prices pummelled as investors'

gloom over the US and gloom over the US and Europe

spreads. Cyber attacks uncovered. Hackers infiltrate the networks of 72 organisations, including the UN. The worldwide against illegal timber. The new push to save animals under threat in South East threat in South East Asia. And

have a heart. This one's

plastic and can plastic and can go anywhere.

Went out for pub lunch over

fantastic. the weekend and that just felt

This Program Is Captioned

Live. First to a defining moment

for Egypt. The ousted President Hosni Mubarak and his two Hosni Mubarak and his two sons

are appearing before a court in

Cairo. The 83-year-old is said

be wheeled into the specially to be in poor health and had to

designed court on a stretcher.

Hosni Mubarak has been charged with corruption and is accused of ordering the killing of protesters during this year's

uprising against him. Hundreds

of people gathered outside the

court to watch proceedings on

the big screen. Pro and anti-Mubarak supporters involved in a series of anti-Mubarak supporters were

scuffles in the hours leading up up to the trial. The mandate

for this trial is only for this trial is only limited

the to the events of the 18 days of

the revolution. We're not the President or his top seeing in other words either

security officials being

charged with the serious human

rights violations that we know

or suspect have been committed

during his 30--odd years in

power. So this is an awkward

truncated set of charges. So this is one thing, the second

is that those who are charged

so far are only the very top police officers. About 3,000 soldiers and

police have been drafted in to

maintain order. Our Middle maintain order. Our Middle East correspondent Anne Barker is in

date with what's Cairo and Anne brings us up to

What is happening there right now? It's an extraordinary the the precinct where the crowds

courtroom has been set up. It's

at the police academy just outside Cairo. There were possibly

possibly over 1,000, maybe 2,000 people watching the proceedings on a

court proceedings began there outside. There was - before the

was a palpable since are sense

of disbelief that Hosni Mubarak would actually appear

would actually appear in court. When the screen showed him

being wheeled in on a hospital

gur nee, there was amazing

scenes of people yelling out

that they want their revenge, they is thief. And he stood there, he was on the hospital was on the hospital bed

alongside his two sons and his former Interior Minister and

several other cronies. They've

variously been charged with

knows just how long this trial corruption and murder. Nobody

will go for. It could be as

short as a few days, it could

drag into a few weeks but

certainly, today was the most

exciting day. Talking of those

crowds, you were saying the reaction when they first saw

the ousted President there.

What's the mood like there now

and is there still that large of security officers guarding both the pro and anti-Mubarak

crowds? There's a very large presence of security forces. Police in both black and white uniforms all with riot gear and

at times it didn't look like

they were needed. It seemed the whole crowd was very much against Mubarak against Mubarak and all

chanting as such, but in fact

there was a large group of

pro-Mubarak supporters on the

other side of one long line of police. At various times during

to disrupt proceedings. They the morning they'd move in, try

through rocks and there were several scuffles. This

afternoon, the crowd is definitely thinning out. I don't imagine same number of people there

tomorrow. This trial being broadcast nationally in tomorrow. This trial is in fact

Egypt. Thanks so much for that

speak with the author of update. For more on this let's

best selling book Breakfast speak with the author of the

writes about Middle Eastern with the Infidels. He often

joins us now live from the politics and life

Egyptian capital. Thanks for your time tonight. How were the

Egyptian people viewing this trial and what will consider jus nice? First trial and what will many

consider jus nice? First of all, there is a sense of

excitement in the country. If you take a taxi, if you take a taxi, if you pass

through a doorman, everyone

talks about the trial. Some

today they should've taken the people were actually mentioning

day off to watch it. As for

what is the sense what is the sense of justice, I

believe that at least in the

case of Mubarak, some case of Mubarak, some sentence

have to be issued, and not just about corruption, charges which

he is accused of which carries

about 5 to 10 years of prison.

I think he will - the public

opinion will want to see some

indictment on the killing of the demonstrators. Which can carry the death sentence.

Former President Mubarak denied all the accusations that Former President Mubarak has

he's facing. What is the legal

route from route from here? What happens

under the Egyptian judicial

system and how long is it

likely to take? It might drag on for months. Because as

you've seen, they've started calling all calling all these former you've seen,

officials, including the

current military - people the current Military Council current military - people from

and the Vice-President. So course, it can be months. How

much has this trial, do you

believe, going to help heal believe, going

Egypt, how great is the risk that it may reopen old wounds

and deepen divisions? It is

already doing some of the

healing, because in recent

weeks there have been a lot of tension between the Military

Council that is Council that is practically ruling Egypt now, Council revolutionary young people who are accusing the being slow at bringing people

to justice. So this can help.

It can also detract attention

from the fact that we've also

had a very had a very divisive big demonstration, 1 million-man demonstration by

extremists which set off extremists which set off the

Liberals on a tangent, everyone was worried in the country, demonstration

the diversion is welcome at this moment. With the governance of the result of the

trial, people need something to

take out their minds from real problems and serious

problems facing Egypt. You've mentioned these recent demonstrations. The world saw there were these demonstrations where the protesters have annoyed at the slow speed of

reform. How much reform. How much pressure are

the military leaders under to

bring about change and to bring

it about quickly? They are under

under a lot of change. And the

tasks they are asked to do seem

sometimes to be beyond their capacity. capacity. That's why they act

so slowly and the slower they

appear in the minds of the

public, the more accusations

they fall under. So far,

frankly, the Military Council

seem to be losing the

popularity that it initially

had in the country. So six months

months since Mubarak's months since Mubarak's fall,

how do Egyptians look back now upon his regime and what it

meant for their lives? Their

lives under that rule? A lot people in this country have been born in Mubarak's time. And there is a sense of bitterness. Especially among the

the young. I have seen some of old man, you can let him go,

but not so much among the young. The young young. The young are very bitter. There is a very strong bitter. There is a very strong

sentiment against Mubarak. And

people want to see some kind of

punishment. From someone who obviously knows the area so

well, how difficult is it going

to be to cure that bitterness, that resentment that you talking about that is lingering

there? It's not just the

bitterness. I mean, bitterness. I mean, the

bitterness can actually be

cured once there is cured once there is a sense of

justice restored by pass

passing sense against Mubarak, against the members of the old

regime. The real problem is not

bitterness. Bitterness will wear off. The problem is wear off. The problem is that the bitterness is now turning against the Military Council

itself, and there is a sense of

divisiveness in the nation with Islamists turning against Liberals and the liberals

Council. We really have some

serious issues. Bitterness is serious issues. Bitterness is

the easiest of these issues. I

thank you very much for your time and time and for time and for your insights tonight.

Now to a developing story in

Sydney. The New South Wales police Bomb Squad is involved

in a delicate operation to

remove what appears to be remove what appears to be an explosive young woman at a home on Sydney's North Shore. Emergency

services have been at the scene at

at Burragong Avenue in Mosman since the since the 18-year-old called

for help this afternoon. As of 8.30 this evening, ladies and gentlemen, our inquiries continue. The continue. The young lady

remains in the house with a

device. Specialist police are

with the young lady and continue to work exactly what we're dealing with. We still do with. We still do not know that. Until such type as we do

know exactly what we're dealing with, we will continue to treat this matter with the utmost

seriousness. We will not be

saying too much more than that at this particular point in time. There are good

operational reasons for us

continuing to play our cards

very close to our chest. At this point in time, we are working through a number of

lines of inquiry. We have

clearly found some items in the

house that we're having a very close look close look at. And our investigators are reviewing

that material fairly closely.

Has this family been subject to

any extortion? I'm not going

down that road. Is down that road. Is the inquiry

being led by the serious crime squad? The investigation squad? The investigation is being led by the robbery and

serious crime squad from State crime command and detectives deal with extortion

amongst other things. Are you able to say what able to say what the device, is

it a remote device? What I it a remote device? What I can

say about the device is we are

working very hard to find out

exactly what it is, and equally important, what it isn't. important, what it isn't. We'll

continue to treat it seriously

until we know otherwise. How is the girl going? She is pretty well. She a going pretty

well. We have our specialist

police with her. police with her. Constantly

reassuring her, talking to her.

We've got our bomb technicians in there working in there working to do exactly

as I've said, to verify what

this thing is or isn't. And

that's about all we this stage. Where is she in

the home? Is she in the bedroom

n the lounge room? She's towards the front of the house.

Which is lower than the street.

Access to the house is off

street level and she's towards

the front of the house . Shes

a not in a lift or anything like that, is she? No,. I'm not confirming anything, I have

told you that, that our lines

of inquiry we're pursuing at this particular point in this particular point in time,

we need to be very careful with

what we say and do and we're

playing our cards pretty close

to our chest. Is to our chest. Is there

anything in particular you want

people to be on the look-out

for? We're looking for people

who saw any suspicious in the vicinity of Burrawong

Road and Kardinia Avenue around

2.30 this afternoon or shortly before to before to contact Crime Stoppers, 1800 333 000. Stoppers, 1800 333 000. We're keen to hear from any members

of the public who may be able

to help us in this regard. We

have had to evacuate or ask people to leave their homes in the near vicinity of the premises we're dealing with. premises we're dealing with. We

thank those people for

remaining patience and putting up to us. We know we're causing

inconvenience down the end of the road and we appreciate

people's support and patience.

At this point in time we hope

to have it resolved as quickly

as possible for the as possible for the sake of young lady and certainly for

the sake of her family. We're

working as quickly as we can do

to that. But we will take as working

much time as it takes to make

sure that this young girl is

protected and kept safe. Is she

dealing only with police or has

she been in constant contact

with her parents? Her parents

are with us. We are keeping them up to date going on. They are being fully briefed. They are being cared

for by our police. The only

person or the only persons that

the young girl is dealing with

at this particular time are our police negotiators. Thank you, ladies and gentlemen. New South

South Wales Assistant Police

Commissioner Mark Murdoch talking to the media talking to the media a short time ago in Mosman, a suburb of

Sydney. ABC reporter Keith Breene is on the scene. Keith,

what is the latest? Any developments? We have this extraordinary extended stand-off here. It's now seven

hours after that initial call

was made to police. That

18-year-old woman in the house

behind me phoning police officers and saying she had a device which she believed was

an explosive device attached to her body. Bomb her body. Bomb Squad obviously sent out here immediately and the

the street was completely

sealed sealed off. Neighbours have been evacuated. Seven hours

later we're still

position where she is alone inside the house with this device still attached to her.

Some reports it was attached to her neck but that confirmed. Other reports that

there was a ransom note

attached to it. Again attached to it. Again not confirmed. But the only other people inside the house are the people trying to chairman this device to find

indeed a bomb. indeed a bomb. And of course if it is a bomb how to go about

safely dismantling it. As safely dismantling it. As you heard in that press conference,

her parents are here. They're

outside the house. They're able

to communicate with their

daughter via the police but

we're not allowed in to be with

here because of the risk of an explosion. Is it known how this device came this device came to be attached

to this young woman? The police aren't confirming anything at

this stage. Initially this

incident looked like a incident looked like a domestic incident. incident. When it became clear there was a there was a device involved there was some concern that the woman was threatening to blow

herself up. A very different

story is now emerging. And she we've been told the serious

crime squad is now leading this investigation. One of their specialities is extortion. So

what we think we have here now is a position where appealing for witnesses around up to 2.30 this afternoon. up to 2.30 this afternoon. It would appear somebody has broken into the house, accessed the house somehow, attached

this device as far as we this device as far as we know, and then probably left a note. There's a lot of unknowns here, obviously. But it does look like this 18-year-old has like this 18-year-old has had this device attached to her

against her will. And that she

has then contacted police in

quite a state. We're told at

the moment she is very calm.

Obviously officers are working this device and work out what

it is, they're also trying to

work to keep her calm because she can't get away from it at

this stage. They're having to

keep her calm while they

examine the

what to do next. As you

pointed out, this has been

going on for seven hours. This

is obviously a very delicate operation. We heard the Assistant Commissioner

apologise to neighbours for the

disruption there. Can you paint

us a scene of just how wide is

the cordon, how many folks have

been evacuated and what sort of disruption is being played out in this street on the lower

North Shore of Sydney? We're in Mosman, which is a very

affluent suburb of Sydney.

large houses, a very large houses, a very wealthy area. It's certainly not used to seeing anything like this. A

huge police operation. The street behind me has street behind me has been completely closed. The immediate neighbours have been

evacuate t. Neighbours a evacuate t. Neighbours a bit further down are still in their homes of the they're being told they don't have to leave but

they should stay indoors. they should stay indoors. What

we can take from that is that if this does explosive device, it's obviously not that large because we're allowed to stand

what 200m away from where this

is all unfolding. The

may be an explosive device but

it's obviously a small one.

It's causing a huge amount of disruption. Streets closed. Neighbours trying to Neighbours trying to work out what's going what's going on. A lot of people know the family who lived there. They're lived there. They're very surprised about what's going on. But one other on. But one other thing that's quite noticeable in this area is people aren't willing to

talk about who lives where and what's going what's going on. So you haven't

got a position of neighbours telling us much about who lives

there and what happens

normally. People are fairly

tight liped in this neighbourhood. They're not

speaking to us much but it's certainly making a huge impact

in this suburb this evening. Keith Breene, thanks for that

update. The world's biggest

economy has narrowly avoided

defaulting on its own debt.

It's not out of the woods yet. The United States President

this morning signed into this morning signed into law

the hard-fought deal to lift but there was little celebration in Washington where

the US budget battle is far

from over. Behind the

images released by the White

House track the final stages of the debt crisis negotiations. Stretched out on the Chief of Staff's office. Staff's office. The Commander

in Chief on his desk. The deal

clinched. And finally, a single

image showing Barack Obama

signing it, lifting the US

borrowing limit just in time. The White House wasn't mood for celebrating. The

announcement came scrawled on a note. The note Jamie just

handed me is to let you know that the President has signed the legislation that nobody's happy

with signed into with signed into law, Barack Obama chided Obama chided Congress. It shouldn't take the risk of

default, the risk of economic catastrophe, to get folks catastrophe, to get folks in

this town to work together and

do their jobs. Two of the

major rating agencies major rating agencies say

America can keep its triple A credit rating for now but the Treasury an uncertain outlook. I don't

know. It's hard to tell. This

is a good result but a terrible

process. It passed the Senate easily, though the majority leader warned that America had been of disaster. A result of the

Tea Party direction of Tea Party direction of this

Congress the last few month has

been very, very disconcert ing

and very unfair to the American

people. Republican leaders

praised Conservatives who'd agitated for much deeper

cuts. I want to assure you today that although you may not see it this actually won this debate. Barack Obama described the debt

crisis as a wound Washington

inflicted on America. A new opinion poll shows most Americans didn't appreciate it.

Congress's approval rating has slumped to just 14%. With the extraordinary growth

of the Internet in our daily lives, so have the number of incidents of cyber hacking. The claiming it's uncovered the

biggest ever series of cyber attacks with attacks with the networks of 72 major organisations including the UN, the International

Olympic Committee and a of governments being hacked. To

talk more about this incident and the and the broader implications I'm joined in the studio by

cyber security expert

Duckly. Thanks so much for your

time tonight. What do you know about this series of incidents and the extent of the hacking? The interesting thing

about this report, I love it company to the one I work for

and I think we all love it when

somebody else says look, guys, here's a wake-up call. There's

a serious problem here. When we

say it to people they know say oh but you would say that.

This is a wake-up call really

because this is one because this is one particular cyber cyber gang, let's call them

that, over a period of about

five years, who every done an awful lot

awful lot of mischief is putting it putting it maybe a little too

simply, a lot of intrusions and

stolen a lot of stuff. This stolen a lot of stuff. This is

just if you like really the tip of the

of the tip of the iceberg. of the tip of the iceberg. This is just period of five years with one

series of malware reporting to one what's called command and

control server. That's they keep logs of what they've

done. This is going on all

over the world on a much bigger

scale than this one example.

It's a great example It's a great example that

reminds people that this is a

clear and present danger. What

has or what appears has or what appears to have been hacked in this incident? It's not really an incident. It's just a series incident. It's just a series of organisations, companies, that have have been attacked by one group who happen to have collate who happen to have collate ed

the results of their attacks in one server which has then been able to be analysed so we can see what see what this one group has done. There doesn't appear to be any particular rhyme and reason although if you look reason although if you look at

a lot of the companies appear

to be - most of the attacks were inside the urs, appeared

to be government or para state

organisations but there are all sorts of other companies in the mix. The really important

lesson from about cyber

security from security from all of this is that you don't have to United States Government or the Australian police or the Australian Defence Forces to be

at risk of cyber criminality.

It actually is something which

affects all of us all of the time. The company who looked

at this believes a State actor,

their words is behind the

attacks. It doesn't name that

country, but one expert who has looked at the evidence says the

evidence points to China.

Obviously you don't know all the evidence, but how credible

do you think that supposition is? From the report alone

there's no evidence that this involves interesting if you look at the countries that weren't affected in the attacks, one of the countries that was not on the

list was China. Of Australia wasn't on the list either. Nor was Russia. Nor was

France. Nor was anywhere in

South America. The problem is it's impossible to tell, and

even if the attacks appeared to

come from China, it could be

just that the bad guys were

actually using computers that

they'd broken into in China.

This is why law This is why law enforcement face a

task dealing with cyber task dealing with cyber crime. The jurisdictional The jurisdictional issues are really complicated. The FBI recently bust a cyber recently bust a cyber gang I

believe they operated out of Latvia. This is a small gang.

In two years they made In two years they made $72 million by ripping million by ripping off just

about $75 from nearly a million people. But it took a people. But it took a sort of correlated move by law enforcement

enforcement in 12 different enforcement in 12 different jurisdictions to bring jurisdictions to bring these guys to book. The hackers could

be in Israel that sends dat Israel that sends dat to South

America that tricks one into giving away information about

an Australian bank account and

pieceing that all together is

really hard. With that complex

and very difficult trail to follow, what's the likelihood

of this cyber gang being caught

and what can be done to try and what can be done to try to keep up with the cyber

gangs? One of the interesting

things in this report is things in this report is that the actual virus or the actual virus or malware, the malicious the malicious programs which were used were not identified. All the description of how this these attacks were these attacks were actually fairly straightforward. In

other words, there was no

element, there was no real rocket science that would've been needed to prevent the attacks working. In other words, it looks like modern day cyber crooks have even more

sophisticated techniques at

their disposal. So the word their disposal. So the word of warning here is if US para

stateles can actually be attacked by what looks like relatively unsophisticated that they probably ought to

have noticed and stopped, and the the duration of some of the duration of some of these organisations were actually infected and under attack from

the hackers for a considerable amount of

should not be should not be happening. We

should be doing better than

this. And we should be - the

bulk of cyber criminality is comparatively easy to prevent.

If we deal with the 99.9% of it

then we greatly reduce the risk that we're actually going to lose information on

lose information on the scale that appears to have happened in this case. Paul Ducklin,

thanks so much for your time

tonight. In London an 11th

person has been arrested over the phone hacking scandal at the now shuttered 'News of the

World' paper. Stuart Cuttnor

served as managing editor served as managing editor for 22 years and he oversaw the paper's finances. Stuart Cuttnor was known as the public face of the 'News of the World'. He was its World'. He was its managing editor for

resigned in 2009. During the period of phone hacking, he approved contracts. Like approved contracts. Like the $150,000 a year deal with the now disgraced now disgraced private investigator Glenn Mulcaire. Two years ago, he said he may have unwittingly approved cash

payments linked to phone hagging. A relatively small,

but regrettable number of false cash payments were created. searching his home. He's the

11th person arrested in the

'News of the World'

investigation. He was once described as the person who

came closest to being the DNA

of the organisation. appeared in public relatively appeared in public relatively frequently. And critically, as

the managing editor, that's

where the money goes through.

There were also developments stemming from one of the

stranger chapters in this saga.

A man who famously A man who famously threw a

saving foam filled pie at

Rupert Murdoch as he testified

before a parliamentary committee has been jailed.

Jonathan May six week sentence. It's

expected he will serve three

weeks in custody of he pleaded guilty to assault last Friday

and couldn't resist poking fun

at Mr Murdoch's parliamentary testimony. I'd just like to say

that this is the most humble

day of my life. Thank you very

much. It's a safe much. It's a safe bet News Corporation was hoping for at

least some loss of momentum in this story. Now another arrest,

and word that the journalist leading the charge for the 'Guardian' newspaper is in there. For News Corporation there may well be more to come. Japan has passed a law creating a government-backed entity that will pay damages worth tens of worth tens of billions of dollars to the victims of the

Fukushima nuclear disaster. The

Tokyo electric power company and other nuclear power companies will pay into the fund, which will fund, which will then compensate the victims. The

government is also expected to

pitch in an initial $26 billion

in the form of special 80,000 people have been forced

from their homes in the 20 kilometre zone around the Fukushima plant. You're watching 'The World'.

Our top stories - the former Egyptian Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak has pleaded not guilty

to charges of corruption and

murder in a Cairo court. Mr Mubarak was wheeled into the

courtroom on a stretcher and he

appeared alongside his two sons and several

officials. China has vowed to

diversify its currency holdings after the US President Barack

Obama signed a law to America's America's debt ceiling. China

is the biggest foreign holder of US Treasury debt and despite

welcoming the Bill, it said it

would keep an eye on the US

economy. The New South Wales police Bomb Squad is involved in a delicate operation to remove what appears to be an

explosive device attached to explosive device attached to a young woman at Sydney's North Shore. Emergency

services have been at the scene

at Burrawong Avenue since the 18-year-old called for help

this afternoon. We're waiting for at the scene. We'll bring that

to you live as as soon to you live as as soon as that happens. Worries about the global economy

economy have rippled through financial markets driving share

prices down from New York to Tokyo to here in Sydney. The

signing of the US debt deal failed to soothe and the Eurozone's debt woes.

It was a day of reckoning for

Wall Street. The debt deal may have passed have passed in Washington, but now investors are worried about

the US economy. On the back of

more disappointing economic

data. Further fears too about

Europe's debts. This time in

Italy, where officials held an

emergency meeting that emergency meeting that sparked a rout on global markets.

The benchmark index the ASX

200 appears on the verge of a

bear market. It's already down

around 9% this year around 9% this year as economic gloom and debt crises dampen investor confidence. investor confidence. That's a market where prices are falling and investors are

and investors are selling. We're heading bear market territory and if

the macro news globally continues to disappoint, continues to disappoint, then

it's a bear market that I think will continue right into next

year. And an even year. And an even bleaker outlook. The risk of next year is around 30%. Others are not so pessimistic about the likelihood of a bear market here or globally. We believe

the US economy in Europe will

muddle through and Asia will

remain strong. The Treasurer is

talking down the US and Europe but talking up Australia. We have economy but we shouldn't lose

sight of the fact that unemployment is low. That

public debt is low and that we

have a huge investment pipeline. Some say a rise in official interest rates official interest rates could be needed. If the economy, if

the recovery remains on track

and we see very, very and we see very, very strong

investment and intentions in

the mining sector taking

investment to near 50 year highs for the private sector, I

think there will be likely a

need to raise interest little bit to contain the inflation pressures. Others

predict a rate cut is nor likely. Short-term money

markets have factored in a rate

cut in

Papua New Guinea's Papua New Guinea's new

government has wasted no time in getting down to business. A

caretaker government was sworn

in after yesterday's dramatic ousting of the Somare

government. The new Prime

Minister says his will be a different different leadership. Two

toasts in two days. After Peter O'Neill was sworn in as PNG's new Prime Minister yesterday, it was the turn his caretaker government. There are 11 new ministers. Among them, the chief architects of yesterday's over throw. The

former Opposition Leader is now the Deputy Prime Other portfolios weren't announced. But it's likely announced. But it's likely the defectors from the former government will get senior

positions. The line-up is very experienced. And

and young and vibrant and young and vibrant line of

ministers that I believe will be of great service.

be of great service. Despite being a Treasurer and Works

Minister in the previous government, Mr O'Neill says his government will be

different. And it will be different. And it will be a

government that is going to

ensure that there is

accountability and transparency

in all aspects what have we

do. But he has a fight on his has filed papers with the Supreme Court challenging the

legality of yesterday's vote to declare the Prime Minister's

office vacant. But the new PM

isn't worried. We are very

confident that the challenge,

any challenge of any challenge of any legal nature will be defended fully,

very confident that we will

succeed in that defence. It

remains to be seen what if any

benefit the change in government will have for the

people of PNG. With less than a

year before the national

elections are due to be held, long to prove it's different to

the one it replaced. long to

Bomb Squad is involved in a

delicate operation to remove

what appears to be an what appears to be an explosive device attached to a young

woman at a home on Sydney's

North Shore. Let's take some live pictures from the scene.

This is Burrawong Avenue in the lower North Shore suburb of Mosman. Police around 2.30 this afternoon from

a young woman who had a device

attached around her neck. It is believed - police believe it is

an explosive device. In regard to an update on what is happening there, as you can

appreciate, there's a cordon

around the house itself in Burrawong Avenue. Neighbours

have been evacuated and police

are keeping the public up to

date as to what it date as to what it happening

with reg la media conferences. We're expecting another Police Commissioner to be held

very shortly and as soon as

that happens, we will be bringing

bringing it to you live here on

ABC News 24. Afghan government leaders have leaders have turned to their neighbour for help in getting the country's the country's reconciliation process moving. They're hoping

Pakistan can persuade senior Taliban commanders to sit down

at the negotiating table. After 10

10 years of fighting them, the

Afghan government is now trying

to make peace with the Taliban.

But so far bringing its leaders

to the table has proved difficult. help and after two days of talks in Islamabad, talks in Islamabad, Afghan, Pakistani and US officials

think they've worked out a way

forward. We would depend cooperation that Pakistan can extend to us in terms of

encouraging those elements in the leadership of the the leadership of the Taliban who could potentially be

brought over to the reconciliation process. So far

the nascent peace process has reached out to rank and file soldiers and government commanders. But without the

involvement of Taliban leaders the process has stalled. We

need to identify what we can reconcile and then how reconcile and then how approach them, how do we then convince them to join the peace process.

That's the commamg. But senior

Taliban commanders who enjoy support in support in southern Afghanistan say they have no troops are still on Afghan soil. The three-way talks in Islamabad were also a chance

for Pakistan and the US to try

relationship. The focus was on

their most recent spat over

travel restrictions imposed on

visiting US diplomats but there's hope of a resolution on

the US side. The government of

Pakistan has some regulations

and it's got some requirements. And we're trying together to

figure out how to meet those

requirements. It's certainly

a problem that should prove easier to

easier to Sol of than the far wider issue of bringing peace

to Afghanistan.

The United Nations is

warning that more than half a

million people are now at risk

of dying from starvation across

east Africa. With those needing

urgent help set to rise to urgent help set to rise to 15

million. Sam min has already

been declared in parts of war

torn Somalia. There are torn Somalia. There are fears not enough aid will not enough aid will get across the battle front line. Visiting Mogadishu, it's Visiting Mogadishu, it's best

to be prepared. We're to be prepared. We're heading into a city that's forgotten the meaning of safety. It's our

gunmen against the rest. Near

the front lines, we find the

famine's latest fugitives. Tens

of thousands have come here

seeking food and hoping for

security. They're in bad shape.

The familiar images as

shocking as ever. Twins here,

both fighting for life. mothers indeed all the mothers

have fled from territory

controlled by the Islamist

group Al Shebaab. group Al Shebaab. This woman

says the militants killed her

son. They tied him up then shot

him, she says, because he him, she says, because he was carrying a bag of food aid and

they said it came from the

infidels. The world is getting

more supplies into Mogadishu

now. Soup kitchens in every

district. But it's not here that Somalia's famine must be

defeated. This is an defeated. This is an almost impossibly difficult, dangerous

place for foreigners to operate. You can see how much

security we need just

around the centre of Mogadishu. And of course the real battle

now is to find a way to now is to find a way to move across the nearby front across the nearby front lines

and get the aid to where it's

needed most. Here's one way. UN

food blocked by Al Shebaab is

handed over to trusted local

charities throughout Somalia. Everybody knows that we are confident we

can deliver food to anywhere in the country especially in the country especially in the south. This could be the solution to end the famine? This could be the solution to end the famine in a

way. One of them anyway? One of them.

The needs are certainly

overwhelming here. But the

politics are messy. Somalia is

not an easy place to help.

Haiti is facing possible

flash floods and mudslide s as

tropical storm Emily moves through region. In Port-au-Prince, authorities are preparing for heavy rains falls of up to 250 mm ex expected overnight. The community is still reeling from

an earthquake 18 months ago

with tens of thousands of

people still living in refugee camps. Large parts of China

have been swamped by severe

floods, some 4 million people

in central and south

enduring a worsening drought.

The situation is so bad that the Vice Premier has issued an

urgent call for relief. The drought has devastated millions of of hectares of hectares of farmland and

it's estimated that in it's estimated that in this province alone, people are in need of drinking water. In the central province

of Hubei water levels and reservoirs are said to have dropped by 20% in the past year. We've already bought

water pumps but the pumps don't yield enough. We

to use for irrigation. In to use for irrigation. In an act of desperation,

villages in Hunan province villages in Hunan province have transformed trucks into makeshift water carts and organised teams to ferry water to the worst-hit areas. It

works quite well. One truck is

able to make eight deliveries

and the water is enough to

irrigate two hectares. irrigate two hectares. Drought

is an annual problem for large

parts of China. But the crisis

is more severe than usual this year. The cost of the Chinese

economy is already put at more

than $282 million US.

It seems trouble is brewing

notice Indonesian territory of

Papua. An estimated 10,000 people have converged on the province's capital demanding referendum on referendum on independence. Footage broadcast on Indonesian

TV shows security forces

standing by as speakers called

for the withdrawal of all

troops from the territory. The

city was tense because of a pre-dawn am bhush in which four

people were killed by armed

gunmen, but the rally passed

without incident. Jakarta has

taken a tough approach to Melanesian insurgency which has

simmered away for decades in the territory. Home to the world's largest gold reserves

and the largest known copper reserves. A group of residents

in the Indonesian capital

Jakarta say they've discovered

a new method to cure a host a new method to cure a host of ailments. It's known as therapy and it involves lying down on railway tracks to down on railway tracks to allow electricity to pass through the body. While the practice

carries obvious dangers, those

who have tried it swear by its

healing properties. It's healing properties. It's not

the safest of places to seek relief from medical ailments. But this railway track

providing a new form of therapy

to those suffering from a

variety of illnesses. For 50-year-old Srimar rail 50-year-old Srimar rail therapy

has been a revelation for

treating her high blood

pressure, in some insomnia and

high cholesterol. I came here

to do therapy. I've been sick for 13 years and seeing doctors anywhere I can but I haven't but I haven't been healed. This is the place I felt is the place I felt a lot of changes over the past year. Electrical currents from

the tracks pass through the body causing

Those brave enough to attempt it swear which the method's ability to heal. After I

underwent therapy in this place I felt an improvement in my body. Now body. eat, sleep well and have already started walking normally. But medical practitioners practitioners say this self-administered treatment

could prove to be lethal. The

can be a very big danger especially when we don't know

how much voltage is passed.

Scientific research is Scientific research is needed to look into whether electrical therapy can be used to cure

disease. The potential dangers

have forced authorities have forced authorities to

crack down on rail therapy.

With those attempting it With those attempting it now facing hefty fines and even

prison terms. We have warned

them not to do it because it's

very dangerous. That's the only

thing we can do because we have

limited authority to do more. But

But in a country where few afford expense ive medical

treatments railway therapy

remains an option for the

brave.

Returning to the

Returning to the ongoing story in Sydney

Wales police Bomb Squad is

involved if a delicate

operation to remove what

appears to be an explosive

device attached to a young woman

woman at her home on Sydney's North

North Shore. ABC reporter Keith

Breene is on the scene and

these are live pictures from the scene in Mosman of the

Keith, what can you tell us,

what's the latest? You can

probably see just coming into your shot there an ambulance is being brought into being brought into the

cordoned-off street through the police barrier that we're Now, you will be able to see

that's obviously not got lights flashing so it's not an emergency situation, but it's

very much ongoing here. You very much ongoing here. You can see a police van leaving, but

there is a lot of

around down there. There's a

lot of bomb disposal kit we've

seen several sniffer dogs and

there is a couple of

operational units down there. So it's a really big operation.

We've been told that the 18-year-old woman, 18-year-old woman, who turned

18 just a few weeks ago, is

still in the house. We're hoping to hear more from police in

in the next few minutes. But

the last we heard see's still

in the house on her own in the house on her own apart

from bomb disposal experts. Her

parents are on the outside. You can probably can probably just hear some

dogs being driven out of the area. That would suggest the

sniffer dogs have done their

job, but as far as we know the

parents of the girl are communicating with her via the police but they're outside the

house. She is inside on her own apart from apart from the experts trying to understand what this device

attached to her body is. For

the sake of those who've just

joined us, if you could take us back, how did this begin? This

all began at 2.30 this

afternoon, Sydney time, when

police were - they received a

call from this 18-year-old

woman in this Mosman house telling them that somebody had attached what she attached what she believed was

an explosive device to her.

Police were called out, and

obviously bomb disposal obviously bomb disposal experts as well. They have been as well. They have been here in attendance for nearly seven

hours now. So it's obviously a very delicate operation, police

say it's a live, say it's a live, ongoing operation. They're trying to

find out what this device attached to the woman is.

Whether it is indeed a bomb and

if it is, obviously, how to try

and safely remove it. Now, initially, when broke, there was some reports

that the woman was possibly

threatening to blow herself up.

It obviously has turned into a

very different story and the

serious crime squad serious crime squad are now

leading this investigation and one of their areas of expertise

is extortion. So what is extortion. So what it appears to be is an attempt to extort money extort money from the 18-year-old and her family. Obviously that isn't confirmed

at this stage but that is what it's looking like at it's looking like at the moment. Just to remind our

viewers, the police have been holding

little earlier. As you pointed

out a few moments ago, we are

waiting for another briefing from the police as to the

latest. Tell us a little bit

this suburb, this Sydney suburb

of Mosman. Mosman is one of the

wealthiest suburbs in Sydney. A

lot of wealthy, influential people live here. That

certainly fits into they

merging picture if you like that this could be connected with extortion. It's a very nice suburb that overlooks Sydney Harbour and it's

certainly associated with wealth

wealth and influence in Sydney.

And the area is cordoned off. You can see in

the shot there that there's a

lot of police around outside

the building, but we've been kept well back. There's a lot

of disruption to the local residents. The neighbours have been obviously for safety reasons. People

People slightly People slightly further away have been told to stay in their house.

house. They've been don't have to leave at the

moment but they should stay indoors. What that would

suggest obviously is this device

device that is being device that is being examined

by police is presumably by police is presumably fairly small. If it was a large small. If it was a large pot continuationly explosive device

then clearly we'd be kept a lot

further back, and neighbours

would also be evacuated from

the whole street. So it does

seem to be a reasonably small

device. But that's of

device. But that's of no comfort obviously to the woman

who has it attached to her

body. We're hoping to hear from

police in police in the next few minutes.

They've been giving us regular

updates. They wander up the

street to where we're standing

and update us on the latest. We're We're hoping to hear from them in the next few months. Neighbours in the immediate

vicinity have been evacuated.

Have any been speaking about the circumstances they found their neighbourhood in, how

forthcoming have folks been forthcoming have folks been and how shocked are they

this and as you describe a very

of a flew when and well to do lower North Shore suburb of they are very shocked. It's difficult to see the difficult to see the entire picture here. You're seeing

what's going on outside what's going on outside the

house. The media behind the

cordon where we are is huge. A lot of journalists are doing live crosss to media organisations organisations now. The BBC for example is covering this in its

domestic bulletins today. As is other British news organisations. So this is a huge story overseas as But the impact is huge on the

local community. They are expressing surprise, certainly,

and this is not something they're used to they're used

little police activity in this area, one would imagine,

normally. One thing that has

struck us talking to people in

this area is they're not

willing to talk willing to talk to the media very much. They're willing to

express their surprise but

nobody is really willing to

give much information about the

people who live in that people who live in that house.

Obviously it's a well-to-be neighbourhood and we

there very well. But people

aren't willing to give the media much information at this

stage. Have the police indicated how young woman came to have indicated how device, this suspected explosive device attached to

her? The police have not given

us much confirmed information.

There are reports that somebody

broke into the house and forcibly attached this device to the 18-year-old. There are

also reports there was a note attached to

attached to that device, the assumption being that was some

kind of list of demands or a ransom demand. The police

aren't confirming anything the moment. One would imagine

if this is as we suspect some

kind of extortion attempt,

there will be worries about

extended family members extended family members and

other issues like that. So the police aren't going into too

many details. The extraordinary

thing here is although this drama has been going on for nearly 10 hours or eight now, as far as we know and certainly within the last hour, police have confirmed that the

18-year-old is still on her own

in that house. So they still haven't been able to quantify what this device is. They

haven't been able to quantify

how much risk it poses and how

to get it off her safely. to get it off her safely. So

they're taking it extremely

seriously and obviously we're

in the realms in the realms of speculation

here, but it's got to be a fairly convincing-looking

device one would imagine for

this level of police response.

spent on trying to make spent on trying to make it safe

and to see whether indeed it is

a bomb. It's clearly quite professional-looking device

that's involved here. Just clarifying, this young clarifying, this young woman is

in the home on her own. There

are no police Bomb Squad

officers that have managed to

get inside to be with her, to

try to ascertain what they're

dealing with? What the police

are saying to us is she's alone

other than the bomb disposal

experts. So we believe there's

a couple with her. They wouldn't be

specific about whereabouts in the house she is, but the house she is, but we

believe she's in a bedroom at the front of the house. the front of the house. What

they're telling suss that she

is alone in terms of the other

family members, her parents who

are outside the house are not

allowed to go in to be with are because of the risk this device

poses. She is on her own in

terms of her family but she is being comforted and counselled

by bomb disposal experts. They're doing a dual job there. They're trying to get information

information about this device,

work out what on earth it is

and how they can make it safe.

But at the same time they're

trying to keep her calm

their sake, they need her to remain calm throughout remain calm throughout this

process. So they can try to

examine this device as examine this device as safely as possible and then work out

what to do with it. ABC

reporter Keith Breene on the scene in Burrawong scene in Burrawong Avenue a

street in Mosman, a suburb of the lower north show of Sydney. We're check back with you

shortly, particularly when the

police give their late est

media conference. For now let's

listen to what senior police said earlier when they held a

news conference outline wlag

they did know up to that

point. As of 8.30 this evening,

ladies and gentlemen, our inquiries continue. The young

lady remains in the house with

a device. Specialist police are

with the young lady and continue to work to verify

exactly what we're dealing

with. We still do not that. Until such time as we do

know exactly what we're dealing with, with, we will continue to treat

this matter with the utmost

seriousness. We will not be

saying too much more than that at this particular

time. There are time. There are good operational reasons for us continuing to play our cards

very close to our chest. ? point in time, we are working

through a number of lines of

inquiry. We have clearly found

some items in the house that

we're having a very close

at, and our investigators are reviewing reviewing that material

closely. Has this family been subject to any subject to any extortion? I'm

not going down that road. Is

the inquiry being led by the

serious crime squad? The

investigation is being led by

the robbery and serious crime

squad from State crime And those detectives deal with

extortion amongst other things.

Are you able to say the device could be a remote

device? What I can say about

the device is we are working

very hard to find out exactly

what it is, equally important,

what it isn't. We will what it isn't. We will continue

to treat it seriously until we

know otherwise. How is the know otherwise. How is the girl going? She is going pretty

We've got our specialist We've got our specialist police

with her. Constantly reassuring

her, talking to her. We've got

our bomb technicians in working to do exactly as I've

said, to verify what this thing is or isn't. And is or isn't. And that's about

all we know at this stage.

Where is she in the home? Is

she in the bedroom, in the

lounge room? She is towards the

front of the house. Which is

lower than the street. Access

to the house is off to the house is off street level and she is towards

front of the house. She's front of the house. She's not in a lift in a lift or anything like

that? No, no. Can confirm the name? I'm name? I'm not confirming anything. Our lines of inquiry we're pursuing at this

particular point in time we

need to be very careful need to be very careful with

what we say and what we do and

we're playing our cards pretty

close to our chest. You were appealing for information

before. Is there anything you want people to be on the look-out for? We're

look-out for? We're looking for people who saw any suspicious

access in the vicinity access in the vicinity of

Burrawong Road and Kardinia Avenue around 2.30 this

afternoon or shortly before to contact Crime

contact Crime Stoppers, 1800 333 000. We're from any members of the public

who may be able to help us in

this regard. We have had to

evacuate or ask people to leave

their homes in the near

vicinity of the premises we're

dealing with. We thank those

people for remaining patient.

And putting of the road and we're upseting

a few people and we appreciate their support and their

patience but at this particular

point in time we hope to have resolved as quickly as possible

for the sake of the young

and certainly for the sake of

her family, we are working as

quickly as we can do to that.

But we will take as much time

as it takes to make sure that this young girl this young girl is protected

and kept safe. Is she dealing

only with police or has she been in parents are with us. We're

keeping them up to date with

what's going on. They're being cared for by our police. The only persons that girl is dealing with

girl is dealing with at this particular time are our police negotiators. Thank negotiators. Thank you, ladies and gentlemen. This suspected bomb This suspected bomb or explosive device drama played out. Our reporter is on

the scene. These are live pictures from the scene.

Burrawong Avenue in Mosman. Has

there been - that was just over

an hour ago when we heard the Assistant Commissioner

speaking. Have the police

officers given any update since

then to you? We have been

expecting to hear from the

police within the last 10 that back to about half an

hour's time. We expect to hear

from them in about half an

hour. The fact The fact the police have called this media conference conference and pushed it back twice now suggests to me they're suggesting to have some development for us in the next

half hour. After eight hours

nearly of this drama, it would