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Live. Why are we waiting? The

big four's poker game on cutting bank rates? What's the attraction - the father of the attraction - the father of the so-called Bali Boy pleads for

privacy We are just a family from Lake Macquarie and privacy We are just a normal

we need to get back to our normal existence.

EXPLOSION Dozens dead, many more injured on holy day horror

in Afghanistan. And news from

the deep - the titanic struggle

between huge mountains and deep

trenches in the Pacific.

Hello and welcome to ABC News

across Australia. I'm Ros Childs. Renewed optimism about

an end to the Eurozone debt

crisis and strong growth

figures have encouraged local investors. More finance in the bulletin. Yesterday's investors. More finance later

rate cut by the Reserve Bank

was greeted with a cheer by

home owners, hoping to have a

little more money in pockets at the end of every little more money in their

month, but those smiles are

starting to falter. None of the

big four banks has so big four banks has so far

followed the RBA and cut their

mortgage rates. The Federal Treasurer Wayne Swan says the

big four banks can afford to

cut and he pass on the full interest rate

cut and he is urge urging

customers to shop around. They

are extremely profitable. They

are among the most profitable

blanks in the world. I think

that is understood very clearly that is understood very

by their customers, and by their customers, and if

their customers are unhappy with the behaviour of their

bank, they can go down the road

and get a better deal. But only

two of the smaller banks have

passed on the 25-point

are reduction to customer the. They

are the Bank of Queensland and

the Members Equity Bank. Host of 'Inside Business' Alan Kohler explains why two small

banks can afford to cut their

interest rate but the big four

seemingly can't Because the small banks get all of their

funding from retail deposits,

and all of the banks, big and small, will be, as we speak,

cutting their deposit rates

right now by a quarter of percent because they can and right now by a quarter of a

they obviously want

they obviously want to pay the

depositors less, if they can.

The problem is that the big

funding from overseas, from banks get a lot of their

wholesale financial markets,

and that's on a kind of a rolling three-year basis, so

what they are having to do is what they are having to do

replace old funding with new

funding and the rates are

higher now than they were when

they took those loans out, so the funds costs from wholesale

markets is going up, even as

deposit rates are falling, and

so it balances out. Whey don't

understand about the banks is

why on earth they announced

their changes to mortgage rates at the same time as the Reserve

Bank, when the Reserve Bank

isn't the only influence on it.

If they've got increases or

reductions in whole sail reductions in whole sail rates, they ought to announce it at

Reserve Bank moves. the time, not just when the

I've told Reserve Bank moves. Anyway,

I've told them that, they just

don't listen . They don't

listen. What about kudos and

big brownie points to be earned by cutting their mortgage

variable rates and being a step ahead of their competitors in highly competitive market? Yes, ahead of their competitors in a

obviously they're highly

conscience of that, but they're even more conscience of their

profits, so a question of

balancing the two, I guess. Lets move onto growth balancing the two, I

figures. We're talking GDP

here. The economy grew 1% over the September quarter. Significantly up on the

forecast 0.8% and the annual

figure of 2.5% is well above the forecast of 1.9%. So, the forecast of 1.9%. So, Alan

Kohler, these are pretty strong numbers. Do they make numbers. Do they make another rate cut in February likely? Probably. The Reserve rate cut in February less

Bank didn't cut yesterday and

in November because of a domestic economy, it's all in November because of a weak

about Europe, and they're taking out insurance against big problems in the global

economy and it's looking more

and more like there are going and more like there are

to be big problems, even if the

European leaders come to some

sort of deal this week at their summit, Europe is heading summit, Europe is heading into

a recession, the American a recession, the American

economy is pretty slow, economy is pretty slow, China

is slowing down, so the global picture is quite challenged at

the moment. The Australian

economy, as you point out s

going OK, no problems in the

Australian economy, although

there are some weak spots

because of the currency being

so high - manufacturers and

tourism operators are doing it

tough, but the Reserve Bank

will still have its eye on the

global picture and Europe in

depend on particular so it will really

depend on what happens there depend on what happens

what they do in February, but I

do think there is probably

still another rate cut to still another rate cut to come

because of the slowing global economy. Good to talk to you, Alan, thank you. Thank you. Detectives investigating

the death of a woman and her two children at Port Denison

north of Perth have admitted they're no longer searching for a killer. Theed they're no longer actively

bodies of

bodies of 46-year-old Aiden Glendinning, 10-year-old Glendinning, 10-year-old Jess and 11-year-old Jane were found in their home on Sunday night.

It's expected the three bodies

will be transported to Perth

later in the day. Police say

the forensic operation at the

scene will take weeks to complete. The father of the New

South Wales teenager convicted

of drug offences in Bali has

made his first public comment

on the family's experience. The week 14-year-old arrived home this

week after two months of

detention in Bali. He was

on Kuta Beach. Reporter Mark arrested for buying marijuana

Douglass says the father called

the news conference in a bid to

get the media to back off and

he asked not to be

identified. Well, the father,

Ros, is very relieved that his

son is back home safely after

two months locked up in

detention in Bali. He says that

his son is a different person

after this experience, that he is more respectful, that is more respectful, that he is

more aware of the laws. Now, the

the father said that he didn't

realise his son had a marijuana problem. There had been a

previous incident, but he

didn't realise he had a problem

with drugs. He said they

certainly wouldn't have gone to Bali if that had been the case.

He said in fact he was very

happy with the support that the family had received from the Australian diplomats in Indonesia and in fact from

Therese Rein,

Therese Rein, the wife of the Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd. He

is very happy with the way his

son has coped. He is very proud

of his son for coping through

this process, and this is this process, and this is what

he had to say to the media at

their Lake Macquarie home a

little earlier today. For a

14-year-old, he coped with this experience better than I

expected. With the continuous

support of his mum and support of his mum and myself,

we have managed to get we have managed to get this

child back home to Australia

reasonably unscathed. Very

proud of him for his conduct

throughout this ordeal. So,

Mark, we've not heard from the

family up until now. Why did the father decide to speak the father decide to speak out

today? Well, there has been

intense media scrutiny

obviously, Ros, about this case. No doubt most people case. No doubt most people have

seen the vision from Indonesia where the father had decided

that he would try to protect

his son's identity at all

costs. In fact, his son was

wearing a mask for much of his

time near the cameras, and even

back in Australia for the last

couple of days, he has gone at lengths to keep his son away from the media. He decided

today that they needed to end

all this. There had been speculation that the family had

been negotiating with a

commercial network for an

exclusive deal to tell their

story about what happened but he says that

he says that the family is not

looking to profit from this and those reports are not true. We

wish to be placed on record

that despite the continued

media speculation regarding a

deal struck, there has been no

deal and will be no deal with any media organisation

regarding this story. Our son

is keen and very motivated to

resume his schooling, and we

are keen to have our are keen to have our lives return to as normal as

possible. And, Mark, did the

father have any thoughts on

Bali? Well, yes, he certainly

wouldn't be drawn on whether the family will

the family will go back. He did

say that this is a salient

lesson for people going to Bali.

Bali. This family, they're described as a normal described as a normal family,

he said, that just wanted to

sit by the pool for 8 days and sip

sip on pineapple juice and sip on pineapple juice and it

all turned out very differently. He said differently. He said that

others should learn from this

experience and be aware of just

what they're getting into if

they risk breaking the law in Bali. Thank you, Mark. Thanks, Ros. More than 50 people Ros. More than 50 people have

been killed and 150 injured in

twin blasts at shrines in Afghanistan. The biggest attack

was at a Shi'a Muslim shrine in the capital. Pakistan-based

Sunni insurgents have Sunni insurgents have claimed it was their first attack in Afghanistan. The deadly strikes

have prompted fears of further

sectarian violence. Afghanistan correspondent Sally Sara reports from Kabul. SIREN WAILS

. The suicide bomber struck . The suicide bomber struck as hundreds of worshippers

gathered at a Shi'a Muslim

shrine in Kabul. It was the deadliest attack in the capital

for three years. The for three years. The blast triggered panic, shock and

grief. This woman was left

clutching the shoe of her only son who was killed in son who was killed in the attack. (Crying) Most of the

victims were - victims were

Shi'a Muslims who were marking

the holy day of Ashura. The

bomber managed to blend into

the crowd before detonating his explosives. TRANSLATION: The ceremony was

about to finish. A new about to finish. A new group

arrived and the suicide bombers placed themselves among the new group. Shi'as were also

targeted in the northern city

of Mazar-i-Sharif. A bicycle bomb killed 4 people bomb killed 4 people and

injured several others.

injured several others. The Afghan President condemned the

violence. The first time that

on such an important religious day

day in Afghanistan, terrorism

of that horrible nature is

taking place. The bombings have raised fears of increasing

sectarian tension and unrest

between Sunnis and Shi'ites in

Afghanistan. This latest incident

incident has happened only a

day after an international conference in the German city

of Bonn to discuss the future

of Afghanistan. It's shown yet

again that insurgents are able

to get into the heard of the capital

capital and carry out a

devastating attack. It devastating attack. It has left

many people here very angry and

frustrated with the security

forces and the government. A

holy day on the Shi'a Muslim

calendar has been disrupted by

bloodshed. The ABC has obtained

documents revealing the lengths

being taken to keep secret the

clean-up effort at the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant, and a

former worker claims they were

given substandard protective

gear after the melt down and

were ripped off by contractors.

Mark Willacy reports from Iwaki

City in Fukushima. They have

been lionised as nuclear

samurai for their bravery in

the face of an unseen the face of an unseen enemy.

But many of the workers struggling to bring the Fukushima nuclear plant Fukushima nuclear plant under

control say they're being

exposed and exploited. This

man, who asked that we keep his identity secret, worked to

bring the reactors under

control in the dangerous days after the after the meltdowns. TRANSLATION: I was not told how

much radiation I would much radiation I would be

exposed to or how high the radiation was. They just radiation was. They just gave me an anorak to wear and sent

me to work. And this is why

people are afraid to speak people are afraid to speak out.

The ABC has obtained this gag

order that Fukushima workers

must sign. It seems inside the

plant media leaks are regarded

as just as dangerous as the

radioactive kind. Just 40km

from here, some 3,000 workers

are labouring to bring the

Fukushima nuclear plant to a

state of cold shutdown. It's

dirty and it's dangerous work, and there are claims that some

of these workers are not being

paid what they deserve to be.

TRANSLATION: Many workers are

ripped off by subcontractors.

Some are paid as little as $80 a day. Iwaki City Council or

Hiroyuki Watanabe has collected

dozens of files listing safety breaches at Fukushima.

TRANSLATION: Right after the

meltdown, some workers were not

given face masks given face masks with filters in them. Others were given old rubber boots that let in

radioactive water. The operator

of Fukushima admits there

wasn't enough safety gear to go

around in the early days of the

disaster. On the question of what TEPCO's subcontractors pay

their workers at the nuclear

plant, there is an admission ignorance. TRANSLATION: We do not know

what kind of wages they're what kind of wages they're paid or the particular conditions or the particular conditions they are working

the remains of the Fukushima

plant, unseen radiation

continues to leak out, but

outside scrutiny has been very

effectively plugged. In New

South Wales, a group of land owners blockading a coal seam

gas mining project expect

police to try and move them on

today. Gloucester residents on

the State's mid north coast are

trying to prevent AGL moving drilling equipment onto a

property where it has approval

for a gas field comprising 110

wells. The group has spent wells. The group has spent two nights blocking access to the

site. The protesters want an

independent water study

conducted before the project conducted before the project is allowed to go ahead. Everywhere else, people else, people are stepping back

from CSG, but here it's full

steam ahead for AGL, it's not

right. AGL understand that

people have concerned about the industry and we also industry and we also respect

people's right to protest, and

we simply ask the protesters to

also respect our right to go

about our lawful activities. Protesters also

want AGL to wait for the

results of a New South Wales Government inquiry into coal seam

seam gas. The inquiry will hold

its final public hearing in Sydney tomorrow. Barack Obama

has launch offed a sting ago

tack at Republican economic theory, calling the next theory, calling the next US

election a make-or-break election a make-or-break moment

to save America's middle class. Channeling Republican hero

Teddy Roosevelt's 'Square Deal' speech, the US speech, the US President threw down the gauntlet, ridiculing

trickle-down economics. North

America correspondent krig

McMurtrie reports. A Democrat emulating a fame muse

Republican, in a place called Osawatomie, Kansas. Over 100

years ago, Teddy Roosevelt came

here to call for a square deal

for all Americans. Barack for all Americans. Barack Obama

is following suit. This is a

break-or-break moment for the

middle class. With the 2012

Republican contenders still

tearing at each other, he is

sharpening his re-election

message. More than a referendum

on the US economy, the

President wants the next

election to be about income

inequality. The typical CEO who

used to earn about 30 used to earn about 30 tiles

more than his or her worker now more than his or her worker now

earns 110 times more. And what he sees as wrong-headed Republican economic theory. We

simply cannot return to this

brand of "you're on your own" economics. Research economics. Research shows

nearly one in three Americans

born into middle income

families is sliding out of the

middle class as an adult. Republicans blame Barack Obama for making the for making the economy worse. And worse. And Mitt Romney

ridiculed the president's attempt at emulating

Roosevelt. Teddy Roosevelt, of

course, founded the Bull Moose party. One of those words

applies. The former governor was

was in Arizona for was in Arizona for the endorsement of George Bush senior's Vice President Dan Quayle. He is our best hope for

the future. Romney supporters

are urging him to come out swinging to counter the Newt

Gingrich surge. It would take

an unprecedented disaster to

stop the huge INPEX gas project

off northern Australia - that's

the view of the head of the LNG

venture after confirmation that

all of the gas involved has been sold. Providing the final

go-ahead is given, construction

should begin in March next

year. This was the year. This was the penultimate piece of the puzzle N piece of the puzzle N a Sydney

hotel, a consortium of Japanese

utility companies signed on to

buy the remaining liquid natural gas that will natural gas that will be

produced by the enormous INPEX

gas project. It's one of the

biggest gas deals in

Australia's history, worth

about $70 billion over 15

years, and it paves the way years, and it paves the way for construction to begin. Main

work will start from probably

the end of March. The enormous gas project will produce more

than 8 million tonnes of LNG

annually. Gas will be pumped

about 800km from the field in the Timor Sea to a processing

plant in Darwin. The project

has already been approved by the Federal and Northern

Territory governments. This

project is going to project is going to be very, very significant to very significant to northern Australia in the decades to

Australia in the decades to

come. What this project does

is just inject a whole layer of

confidence into the future of

Darwin. Gas giant INPEX and

partner company Total, still

need to make their final

investment decision on the

project, but unless there is a

global financial meltdown,

that's considered a formality,

because the gas is already

sold. The banks will look at that,

that, look at the risks and

say, "OK, we can lend you the

money to build this project

over the next 4 or 5 years."

The final decision on the project - the final project - the final investment

decision on the project is

expected next month. To some of

the other story Is making news

in the business - the Greek Parliament

Parliament has approved tough spending cuts demanded by

European Union partners as a condition condition for presh loans. Further tax rises are also part

of the budget package, meant to

cut the deficit to 5% of GDP. There has been a slight

improvement in one measure of construction activity. The Australian Industry Group's monthly in-Des rose almost 5

points to 39 in November, still

well short of the 50 slefl denoting expansion. The

strongest improver was house-building. And one of the country's busiest rail country's busiest rail freight corridors is about to get a

facelift. $1 billion is being spent on

Newcastle-to-Sydney link by the Federal and New South Wales governments. The move is

expected to take hundreds of

thousands of trucks off the road and cut carbon emissions. To the markets with

Simon Palan. The local market

is back on the up today? Yes,

2000, Ros. The market yesterday

took a breather after the interest rates cut. Some

investors believed the Eurozone

debt crisis will hurt the debt crisis will hurt the local

economy. Before yesterday the

market had risen for six

consecutive days and today back

into positive territory after

Wall Street posted positive

gains overnight. The All

Ordinaries is up to 4360. All

the banks are up, Westpac up

more than 1% to $21.73. The interest rate cut is good for retailers? Yes, for retailers? Yes, and

retailers are hoping the rate cut will help get consumers spending more as they start

forks fought for Christmas presents. Some economists

believe it's too late to believe it's too late to save

Christmas sales. Harvey Norman

is up, but JB Hi-Fi is down 1%

to $15.87 . Market is also to $15.87 . Market is also

getting a lift from a rise in oil prices? Yes, and more

specific I helping big miners

like BHP Billiton, pr and Rio

Tinto up 1%. On the flipside

gold prices fell for a second consecutive day amid all consecutive day amid all the

turmoil in Europe and that's

bad news for goldminers like

Newcrest Mining, down 1.5% to

$33.54. Let's have a check $33.54. Let's have a check now of the domestic market's other

of the domestic market's other

big movers in the ASX top 100:

Onto Wall Street where

investors were heartened investors were heartened by

reports of a doubling of

Eurozone resources to save debt-riddled debt-riddled economies:

The ABC has been given a

rare glimpse inside rare glimpse inside the immigration detention centre immigration detention centre at Maribyrnong in Melbourne's west. The 55-year-old centre

houses around 90 people, 30 of whom are asylum seekers. Kerri

Ritchie reports. This is the

first stop for new arrivals at the Maribyrnong detention centre. Here they're photographed, fingerprinted and

given a health check. During

our visit, a German our visit, a German man

carrying a suitcase is brought in. He has overstayed his in. He has overstayed his visa

and can a-Seussed of

fraudulently claiming fraudulently claiming $50,000 in

in Centrelink payments. This is

a typical case for the centre, which mainly deals with workers, criminals awaiting

deportation and asylum seekers who have been transferred from Christmas Island Afghans Iraqis

and stateless Kurds and stateless Kuwaiti bed wins. At

the moment there Bedouins. At

the moment 87 here, 80 men and

7 people. The capacity is 100

people. Security cameras are

everywhere except the bedrooms. English classes are held in

here and each detainee gets an

hour of computer time a day.

Their emails and phone calls

aren't monitored. Since it

opened there has been one

suicide at the centre back in 2000, but there are ongoing concerns concerns regarding asylum seekers. There have been seekers. There have been around

a dozen self-harm attempts of

one sort or another here at the Maribyrnong immigration

detention centre through the

year. Those have been roughly

in the last six or even

months. This is the first months. This is the first time the ABC has been allowed inside

to film. The visit came with

heavy restrictions. Detainees'

faces weren't allowed to be shown and our footage had to be

approved by the Immigration Department.

Department. In Moscow, police

have been making mass arrests

during a second day of protests

after recent parliamentary

elections. Demonstrators who

defy fied the official order to

stay off the streets claim the

vote was rigged in favour of

the Prime Minister, Vladimir Putin. Driving through the

crowd on Moscow's main crowd on Moscow's main shopping street, the city's intimidating

riot police. They were there to riot police. They were there to break up an unauthorised

demonstration. More than a

thousand people were protesting

once more against what they say

was a fixed election and against the Prime Minister,

Vladimir Putin. On Twitter and

FaceBook, they're already

calling it the Slovak Spring,

even though Moscow's bitter

winter is just around the

corner. Two nights of protests

do not make a do not make a revolution, but

the movement now has the movement now has some

momentum, and it's personal . CHANTING. "Putin is a thief,"

they shouted. Russia with this government, with these government, with these leaders,

with these cheats, with these dhef thiefs, Russia has no

future. But just yards future. But just yards away

there were chants in favour of

Vladimir Putin. One of the

Kremlin-funded youth movements had also turned had also turned up. None had also turned up. None of

them was arrested. But several

opposition leaders were rounded up. up. Former Deputy Prime Minister Boris Nemtsov Minister Boris Nemtsov was

detained and later released, and the courts gave Alexei Navalny, the anti-corruption

campaigner a 15-day prison

sentence for disobeying police

at last night's demonstration.

Putin's official spokesman said

anyone who protests illegally

should be stopped and he

continues to defend the

election results despite the

growing international

criticism. But the authorities

are bracing themselves for further unrest in the day as

head. David Beckham and his LA

Galaxy team-mates delivered an entertaining spectacle for a crowd

crowd of nearly 35,000 at the

Docklands last night, defeating the Melbourne Victory the Melbourne Victory on penalties in an exhibition

match. Beckham launched a

number of ambitious attempts on

goal, but was unable to find

the back of the net. The match

ended 2-2 at full-time w the Galaxy going on to win the penalty shoot-out 4-3. It's

pleasing. We've had a good

tour, good way to end this season, great crowd tonight. Everyone has been amazing to Everyone has been amazing to us from the from the Victory and everyone

involved in this tour with us

and, yeah, it's nice to end it

like we have. A fully fit Harry

Kewell spent the match on the

sidelines, being rested for the

Victory's A-League match this

weekend. A team of scientists

has guilt the clearest picture

yet of an unstable part of the South Pacific South Pacific none as the Rim

of Fire. Using sonar

technology, they've created

fascinating images of the ocean

floor in the hope of floor in the hope of predicting underwater earthquakes and

tsunami s. Volcanos erupting in

the Pacific Ocean. This was

Tonga two years ago, one of the most volatile regions on

Earth. Look at this! Next one! This is the second wave. Nearby, a tsunami wave. Nearby, a tsunami sweeps

ashore on Samoa, the result of an yark, also an yark, also two years ago.

The seabed beneath the Pacific

is often violent and we don't

know much about T a British

research team went to

investigate last summer. Using the latest sonar technology,

they built up an unprecedented

picture of the seabed and the

huge forces at work. It focussed to the north of New

Zealand. Here are those

volcanos near Tonga and here is Samoa where Samoa where that tsunami

struck, all active with the Pacific tectonic plate moving

westwards, colliding with westwards, colliding with the

Indo-Australian plate. Now the researchers wanted to know what

happens when this long line of underwater volcanos approaches

that fault line. The Cass many

is nearly 7 miles deep. Mount

Everest would easily fit inside and the researchers from the universities of Oxford and Durham

Durham say the next volcano doesn't stand a doesn't stand a chance. A close-up image of the volcano

that's right on the edge, about

to be destroyed. Remember, this

is a mountain efrl miles

high. This is the next, the one

right on the lip, going down

into the trench, and what we

can see, you can see the can see, you can see the way

it's getting sliced up, these parallel fractures going in, cutting up this cutting up this immense

mountain as though it were a

loaf of bread. This matters

anywhere that tsunamis could

strike. The great wave that hit

Japan last March was the result

of an underwater earthquake.

The more they're understood, the better the chantion of

early warning for the early warning for the next

one. To the weather now -

bright cloud over southern and eastern WA is generating

showers and strong storms.

Cloud over Queensland in a

broad trough is causing areas broad trough is causing areas

of heavy rain and storms in the south

south and east, and cloud spreading into spreading into northern New South Wales is causing more

rain and storms. A trough will

bring rain and storms to South

Australia, WA and the Northern

Territory. The low will direct

moist south-east winds over southern WA, southern WA, triggering isolated showers and isolated showers and another

trough and humid north-east

winds will generate rain and storms over storms over eastern New South Wales and Queensland. And

around the capitals:

Let's go back to Let's go back to the Stock Exchange for a final check of

the markets:

And that's the news for now.

There is continuous news on ABC

News 24 and also news online.

Our next full bulletin Our next full bulletin on ABC1

is at 7 o'clock this evening.

I'm Ros Childs. Have a great


Closed Captions by CSI.

This Program is Captioned Live. This week on State to State, is cancer more deadly in the country? When you tell them that they might need to take a three hour trip to access treatment, they are clearly going to have a think about that. Chasing butterflies in the top end... The Northern Territory really is the last frontier in terms of our understanding of butterfly natural history in Australia. And and artist inspired by an Antarctic adventure. # Theme music

Welcome to State to State, featuring the best stories from our states and territories. I'm Josie Taylor in Melbourne. If you live outside a capital city in Australia your chances of surviving cancer are considerably worse than your city counterparts. Hopefully that situation will soon change, when a network of new treatment centres are built around the country. Cheryl Hall reports. Lucas Ellis has been a sole parent since losing his wife to cervical cancer nearly two years ago. It was very quick and sudden from diagnosis through to Melissa passing. A lot happened in a short time, a lot of questions still unanswered. Melissa Ellis was only 34 years old. Her cancer was so advanced when it was found, she died just three months later. Returning from a family holiday in Queensland,

Melissa felt generally unwell, very tired, and started haemorrhaging Then we proceeded down to the Ballarat Base Hospital and then off to Melbourne for the initial diagnosis only a week later. Melissa's ordeal and that of her family was made even worse by distance.

She had to travel from Ballarat to Melbourne's Monash Medical Centre, leaving behind her children, 14-year-old Taylor and 6-year-old Hudson. knowing her children were two and a half hours away. Tayla and Hudson came down whenever they possibly could. I brought them down occasionally on nights and on weekends That's why Ballarat is one ofthe first of 24 regional cancer centres being built by the Federal and State governments around Australia. The lack of cancer centres in places like Ballarat

has created the deeply