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The Queen's Cavalry -

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catch you next time. This Program Is Captioned Live. Good evening, Virginia with an ABC News update. The days of Good evening, Virginia Haussegger massive executive golden handshakes may be coming to an end. payouts up to seven times a existing law, executives could get director's annual pay before companies are required to shareholders for their companies are required to ask

will cap payouts to just one Today the Government has announced i base pay. The Federal Government's will cap payouts to just one year's controversial alcopops tax hike set to be defeated. The Government controversial alcopops tax hike look

refusing to agree to a demand set to be defeated. The Government i

Family First senator Steve Fielding refusing to agree to a demand by

to phase-out alcohol to phase-out alcohol advertisements minesweeper is searching the in sports broadcasts. A navy floor off south-east Queensland for minesweeper is searching the sea 31 shipping containers lost

in rough seas last week. HMAS Yarra 31 shipping containers lost overboar is off the northern tip of Island, trying to find the is off the northern tip of Moreton carrying the chemical Island, trying to find the container nitrate. They were lost when the carrying the chemical ammonium Pacific Adventurer hit bad weather whipped up by Cyclone Australia's diplomatic corp has whipped up by Cyclone Hamish. declared Australia's diplomatic corp has been

ill-equipped in a damning report by declared overstretched and the Lowy Institute. The report the Department of Foreign Affairs the Lowy Institute. The report says suffered from budget cuts. It the Department of Foreign Affairs ha that overseas staff numbers suffered from budget cuts. It found dramatically decreased that overseas staff numbers have missions have been closed. More dramatically decreased and too many in an missions have been closed. More news

THEME MUSIC

The Household Cavalry has dual roles. ceremonial bodyguard to the Queen. 250 horses and men serve as the Regiment is ready to go to war. At the same time, the other half of

This time on the Queen's Calvary - at the biggest parade of the year. behind the scenes Carry your sword, young man. The Queen's birthday celebrations - Trooping the Colour. official bodyguard is close to home. The colonel of the Queen's Officer, as a very good Close Protection They wouldn't regard me necessarily for a long time. except I've lived with it And the honeymoon is definitely over

learning to ride. for the 12 new recruits I want an answer. (Yells) When I ask you a question, my door and we sort it out. If you got a problem, you knock on head like a little girl. Don't stand out here shaking your

the Queen's birthday celebrations One week before and preparation begins in earnest. But it's not just for the men - are put through some vital, the 176 horses who will be on parade if unorthodox, training. CHEERING AND WHISTLING is Squadron Leader The officer taking the exercise

Major Andrew Fox-Pitt. Ahhh... This morning we're rehearsing, used to the crowds. trying to get horses

out on the parade, now so therefore when they go The idea is to put more pressure on dressed up, this is just another bunch of guys actually, they think, "Oh, God,

"clapping and banging their drums." of all of this clapping, ironically, Probably, the worst thing out it unsettles the horses. for some reason they can get away with, Cheering and everything else, sets them going. but the clapping for some reason

APPLAUSE AND CHEERING

with Maddox-James on. You can see Warlord here Yeeha. Good horse. (Laughs) (Yells) problems with the most nervous horses It's all designed to highlight and riders. was it? That wasn't behaved very well, ..I see a lot of guys kicking. Corp Major, what they're not... Yeah. Kicking? What, as they come...? Doesn't work. They're backing off you mean? What? These guys or the horses? rather than squeezing. Yeah. The guys are kicking Right? Right. them rather than...they... Yeah. Get them just to clamp which then sparks the horses up. They're giving it a good 'wellie' a chance to settle some old scores. The test also gives the hecklers the farrier, there. He's obviously trying to wind up

in a bar or something. They've had a falling out last night to calm down. Eventually, everyone starts a bit more, They seem to be chilling out seem to be relaxing a bit. and the guys as they say, Always end on a good note, are also under intense scrutiny, In Windsor, the new recruits

as the Queen's birthday. but for nothing quite as illustrious the first phase of riding school. In a week's time, they must pass how to get on... So far, they've learned We're not here all day. Right. Come on, man. ..get off...

LET GO OF YOUR BLOODY REIN. (Yells) Sit up. ..and get stuck in with the polish. too much polish on. (Laughs) You can never have

they leave Windsor for Knightsbridge. It's their last inspection before of Lance Corporals of Horse Not much escape the eagle-eyes Lee Golder and Mark Javorski. The pressure's on now to... or there'll be a bit of trouble. They'll want me to impress me today

the pressure One trooper who's feeling is Adrian van Loon. and isn't impressing Javorski I want an answer. When I ask you a question, all the rest of it. bottom lip hittin' the floor, I don't want head shaking, (Yells) Yes, Corporal. Do you understand me? (Beep) ..no. Right then. Simple, yes... you tell me in the morning. If you feel ill, my door and we sort it out. If you got a problem, you knock on Don't stand out here shaking your head like a little... (Beep) ..girl. Start being a man, you little tit. Understand? (Yells) Yes, Corporal. He's struggling within the Ride as...'cause it's quite...

You've got to be quite a close team. And it's...it's sort of segregating him... It's not the Ride segregating him, he's sort of segregating himself. Because of his...he can't pick himself up and keep at the same level as his...as his peers. He had a problem with his attitude. He's getting it from all angles at the moment, so I think it's building up on him. Alright. He's having drama with his kit, but we'll...we'll get there with that. We'll just keep an eye on him. It's just the attitude. Watch him today in school. Like you said, he takes it out on his horse. You've seen that before, haven't you. Yeah, he does. If he loses his rag or backchats you once, haul him out, just kick him straight out and I'll get him ...(Whispers) Alright. Alright? Yeah, cheers, mate. Although 18-year-old van Loon is enjoying the riding he's constantly in trouble over his kit. There's a simple reason why he's not coping well. My family lives in the eastern part of Holland,

and they live, like, 40 miles away from each other. So when I go over, I only have a little amount of time. So when I go to my mum I only have, like, a day with my mum and then I need to travel half a day. Hopefully, he'll open up later and tell me what's happening at home and then maybe I can help him out. This is the first time I've ever gone out of anywhere just to live on my own, that's why it's a bit strange for me. Not too good a state with the corporals.

Having problems? Yes, Corporal. Well, why don't you speak to Corp Javorski? I... Don't bottle it up. If you've got problems, speak to people. That's what we're here for. MAN: You got to be like Dad sometimes then, eh? Yeah, give them all a big cuddle and a cup of tea. Yeah. There's just days to go before the Queen's Birthday Parade. The man in charge of all things equine

is Riding Master Captain Dickie Waygood. The son of a gamekeeper, he joined the Regiment 26 years ago,

and has spent 25 of them on ceremonial duty. A large part of the job that I have is advising, really, the...maybe the commanding officer at times, or the squadron leaders,

the second in commands, on really, sort of, horse policy and horsemanship throughout the Regiments.

With over 170 horses on parade, it's a hugely complicated exercise.

The troopers must be thoroughly prepared. Once the boys go out the gate on parade, really, it's over to them. Today they hold a full dress rehearsal.

Keeping an eye on every hoof is Dickie's main job. This is a really hard parade because... ..most of us in-walk. And then when we get down onto Whitehall, we actually stand still for about 55 minutes without moving. So for the horses to stand still for 55 minutes

and then suddenly to move off and be expected to work in a tight formation,

you know, it's quite a tall order. On the day, there'll be a long wait for the Queen to emerge from Buckingham Palace. The hardest thing is for the young horses to stand still for so long. I suppose, really, they're like young children, they just get a bit fidgety and want to get on with the job.

Put your hands forward. Put your hand right forward. OK. That's what we're down here for. We just make sure everybody's steady on parade. If there's any small problems, curb chain missing, comin' undone, or horse fidgeting about if we've just seen them, we just quietly go in a sort those problems out. Very different - you're dealing with a living animal this morning and they react differently on different days to different circumstances.

And if you listen now, a good parade is a quiet parade. And if you just listen now really carefully all you can hear is just the odd bright chain...just chinking. But there's over a hundred horses still here

and you can hardly hear a hoof moving or hardly hear a jangle of any piece of equipment. So, you know, it's quite remarkable really. Although the rehearsal may have been a success, days of polishing lie ahead. In the Windsor riding school the second in commands of the two squadrons have arrived to check on their newest recruits. Giving them the once over are Captain James Howell of the Life Guards and his counterpart in the Blues and Royals, Captain Rob Gibbs.

Only two months into regimental life

and Trooper Glen Forrest's reputation is already preceding him.

He's a big lad. Watch...watch this. I remember doing this. MAN: Go on, Forrest. Ou-ohhh... That is... See, that's even worse than me. No. Oh, my word No? What do you mean, no? He looks quite...he doesn't look like he's got any strength in his legs.

It's their first chance to grill the newcomers. Are you a kit monster? I try my best, sir. Do you take pride in cleaning your kit? Yes, sir. Is Betsy a Life Guard or a Blue and Royal horse? She's a Blue and Royal from Two Troop, sir. And what colour is a Blue and Royal cap badge? Stayed right, sir. How's Viscount? He's a good horse, sir. I had Viscount in training as well. (Slaps horse) Surprisingly one Trooper seems to stand out from the rest. What position do I hold in Knightsbridge? 2IC, sir. Of? Of the Life Guards, sir. Which is the senior Regiment? The Life Guards, sir. Well done. Now, you are? I'm a Life Guard, sir.

Well done, you. Van Loon's birthplace in Holland works in his favour. Born in? Arnhem, sir. Even better. Why is that important to a Life Guard?

Because that was where the Life Guards were established and... You are a star, and you are gonna go far. I can see it. Well done. OK. Good. Since most of these troopers think they've joined to fight for country James is keen to make it clear, ceremonial duty is as important as battlefield training. Gentlemen, it is a short period of time you are at Knightsbridge. OK.

It is bloody hard work, but it will pay dividends at the end of the day. As I said, most NCOs would suggest to you that you do this first. OK? Now, when you are in the depth of despair cleaning your jackboots for the nth time, and you're thinking, "Well, you know, "I'd really rather be on Salisbury Plain living in a hole, "wet, soaked through, and eating my 'biscuits brown'," or whatever, that time will come.

OK. If you particularly express an interest and wanted to be a donkey walloper the entire time, then probably the route for you to be, if you're good enough, is to go down the 'Blue Mafia route' and become a riding instructor. For James, so far so good. I have to say, I'm quite impressed, to be honest with you. A lot of these guys are doing some nice smooth transitions here.

And it is looking fairly tidy. Certainly an awful lot tidier than I was when I was at this stage, in their riding. But Adrian van Loon is about to revert to previous form. Sit up!

Ohhh.. OK. Sit back up then. (Whispers) Van Loon canter on until the corner. He then lets the side down further, right in front of his future officers. (Yells) Stop pullin' on the outside rein. You need to give and take with the inside rein. That leg stays there on the girth, your outside leg goes back behind the girth. You cannot expect your horse to canter LEFT if you keep pulling it to the outside. You're telling it to canter right. Later, musician Alex Miller tries to raise riding school morale, and van Loon has got some welcome news. I talked to the Corporal about it

and he's sorting me out some leave so I can get back home, 'cause I've not been home for three months. Yet he knows the Corporal's help comes at a price. They're all really sympathetic, in a way, but they see it... There's a dark side to it. 'Cause that means I have to work harder when I come back. (All cheer) You are good, man.

Knightsbridge Barracks,

and it's the day before the Queen's Birthday Parade.

It's not just new recruits who must master their horses - officers are expected to ride better than the men. This morning they get a special drilling by the Riding Master. Before every big parade, we have about two weeks of officers rides, and they're to prepare the officers for the parades, just to tune the horses up and make sure that the chargers are working up to speed. The officers come through the normal riding school system, same as the soldiers do, 14 weeks and four weeks in the kit ride afterwards. And really, they need to be able to ride well enough for the riding to be almost second nature so they can concentrate on the mechanics of the parade.

And lookin' through the peaks of your helmet.

Come on, sit. Get your legs into him. FORWARD! That's it.

(Yells) Gents, it's no good on parade being passive when something's going wrong. You've gotta show a little bit of GUST, a little bit of vigour and get on with it. I've ridden as an Escort Commander, and you are under pressure.

You've got a lot of words of command to remember. And not only do you have to ride your horse, not only are you very conscious that everybody's looking at you, but you've got to make sure that sure that your words of command are absolutely spot-on. (Yells) Draw. During Trooping of the Colour, the field officer, Major Andrew Fox-Pitt, will issue over 50 commands to the Regiment. He also has to know all the orders for the bands and the Foot Guards.

This morning, he gets up to speed with a quick recap of last year's parade. Almost every State visit, the Foot Guards make their own words of command up, which always puts us out of sync. The things you have to learn... Your words of command are very easy. It's learning the field officers as well, and the bands,

especially when they're not written on the bit of paper. (Laughs) After 14 weeks at Windsor and a trip home to Holland for van Loon, the new recruits have finally arrived in London to start their lives as cavalry men. Ever since we've come to Knightsbridge the horses have been different. Um...there's been a lot more pressure, 'cause there's a lot more eyes on us.

And...even the riding staff feel it. They're quite late on in the Ride now. Yeah, things are getting hard. They're putting a lot of hours in. It's hard work in the yard during the day. Then the end of the day when everyone else knocks off they've got to push on and do the kit through the evening. A lot of them didn't finish till the early hours of the morning. And, in itself, you might think the kit's good enough, and then you just get ripped to bits on inspection. It's quite ah...it's quite soul destroying at times.

But they're a good...they're a strong Ride so I'm sure they'll themselves out of the hole and...we'll get there. First up is an inspection from the Riding Master. VAN LOON: This is the worst because the Riding Master's the one you have to impress. It's not really the Colonel with the kit, it's more the Riding Master, because he judges you on your riding. And if your riding's not up to scratch...just have to go back. Good morning, sir. 13 members in all... If they fail this they could be back-ridden, demoted from the Ride, and forced to repeat the training. (Yells) Trooper Baker, riding Zanzibar, sir.

Where do you come from? London, sir.

London. Did you expect to be riding horses in the middle of London? No, sir. No? Are you enjoying it? Yes, sir. But Dickie isn't here to pass the time of day. Right. Collar on shirt, dirty. Yeah. Epaulettes tucked up underneath your collar. Screws again, need cleaning. Dust underneath saddle. Those nose bands are not good enough. (Yells) Jim Hulkham riding Apocalypse, sir. Where do you come from, young man? Christchurch, New Zealand, sir. Ah...well done. You enjoying the trip. Sir. Right, come to me. Sir. See that leather? Yeah. Seen, sir. Even Kiwi, one of the more experienced soldiers,

is getting fed-up with the constant kit cleaning. It's just the kit side of it that's really starting to (BLEEP). I mean, we can get it done, but there's a few of us who don't get away till 3:30 in the morning. And, you know, it's just one of those things. Some of the guys can nip their kit quite quickly. Right, your britches... If Kiwi is struggling, van Loon doesn't stand a chance under Dickie's scrutiny.

The back brass on your...peninsula brass on your breast plate has not been cleaned. Brass underneath the...on your V-shaped attachment is not particularly clean. VAN LOON: He ripped me apart. At inspection he tore me apart. He saw one little bit and then he just digged... ..got all the little bits that I didn't do. Brasses on your saddle are not clean enough. The leatherwork on the fans are not clean.

Your girth is too lose. The definition is not good enough. And you, young man, are not up to the standard required. Why? I don't know, sir. Even though it's not the best kit you've ever done, you still stayed up to, like, 12 o'clock at night and still put effort into it and then being seen just ripped apart. You should have been able to clean three kits by 12 o'clock.

This is clearly not finished off well enough. You're not up to the standard required, you should be on the night guard tonight. I'll see you again tomorrow morning. If you're not good enough then, young man, you'll be back-ridden. Do you understand? (Yells) Yes, sir. Thank you. BANGING AND CLATTERING

And then you're trying to hide it in...in the... ..and stand like that, "It's alright, it's alright. "I can take it, I can take it." But he went all over...and it's just disappointing, very disappointing. And then he just went, "That's it. That's it, we're calling it a day." And he just walked off... Right. I'll tell you now, the... Dickie's had enough. It's not only the troopers who face his disapproval. If it was the odd one, then I would have bagged him and put him on the night guard. However, there's too many of them with the same points

that should be nipped in the bud. Get those points sorted, gents. Alright, sir.

Thanks very much. Up.

It's the morning of the Queen's official birthday. As London prepares for Trooping the Colour, security of the Royal Family is, and always has been, paramount. The Honorary Colonel of the Blues and Royals is the Princess Royal. As such she holds the title of 'Gold Stick' a military appointment held by a senior officer of the Household Cavalry since 1678. Well, the Gold Stick I think in modern Parliaments was the original Close Protection Officer. They were the last lines of protection for the monarch. They were the people in-waiting who stuck with the monarch

literally from when they got up till they went to bed. And the troops that were with them were also the last line of defence. They were very much to defend the monarch's personage and the consort's personage. But it was literally the last line of defence, the most trustworthy of the individuals around the monarch. You could argue that the Close Protection Officer is still relevant.

They have different ways of doing it.

And I suspect they wouldn't regard me necessarily as a very good Close Protection Officer, except for I've lived with it for a long time. MAN: ...zero. Over. All the officers are fitted with radios which link into a central police command.

MAN: No, it's my call sign - in position. Over. MAN: Hello, zero. This is nine three. With the ever, I suppose, growing security threat, we're probably the closest people on hand if should things go wrong. Although...we never replace the police, we actually work with them, and they - And as they keep on saying, they have primacy, but we actually are there if there's any cordons or anything else that needs to be done if anything goes wrong. Something did go wrong in June 1981 when a teenager fired a starting pistol at the Queen.

Police rushed to apprehend the man. No real bullets were fired, but from then on security was totally reviewed and, ever since, radios worn. Hello Zero, this is Escort Commander. Radio check. Over. Hello Zero. This is nine six in rotation now. Over. Good to go? You happy with that, sir? That's fine, yeah. Excellent. Thank you very much. There's just 15 minutes till the start of the parade. Last minute adjustments are made, uniforms straightened, horses mounted.

Second in Command of the Life Guards, James Howell, is not happy with his helmet.

It has several place settings on it. And if you don't get it in exactly the right place for you the chin strap then ends up either riding up or riding down. So as I'm giving words of command it will ride up into my mouth so that everything will become... (Mumbles) ..like that, muffled, which then...defeats the volume and it just sounds awful so... Or if it's far too long it'll come down here

and start to creep to Blues and Royals territory,

for which, as a Life Guard, that would be a heinous crime. Yeah, that's better. That's the right place. BUGLE PLAYS 176 Cavalry men ride out from Knightsbridge Barracks.

They look good. Regiment turned out really well this morning. Everyone was in good nick. And it's a good day for a parade, it's not too hot. Slight breeze. What the crowds are oblivious to are the radio updates passing between the officers. RADIO CRACKLES: Hello, Zero Field Officer, the Household Cavalry are now mobile on the south carriage ride. Over. Roger. Out. Time will be 1000 in 30 seconds. Out. The Queen's Birthday Parade is the biggest parade of the season. In 1748, the celebration of the official birthday of the sovereign was amalgamated with the Trooping of the Colour. A tradition going back to the days when the colours, or regimental flag of the Regiment, was trooped in front of the soldiers to make sure everyone could recognise their flag in battle.

The colours are trooped in front of the Queen who watches all the proceedings with an expert eye. She's seen more of these than anybody. And...she's got a very sharp eye and she really knows what she's looking for and... ..if things are done professionally or not.

Been here for 20 minutes now, so... Carry your sword, young man. Wake up!

We've got to strive for excellence all the time and in sport and...in sport and what we do in war, there's no compromise. If you compromise you get second-best and you come second. EYES...RIGHT! I've got a few years left, and getting towards the end of your time you sort of start to pine for it more and more. And you actually realise what...ah... ..what you're going to have to let go of eventually. Today's proceedings gets the Royal seal of approval. I think that's one of the best parades I have seen in a long time.

It all seemed to go really well. You know, get the small things right and the big picture will look after itself. So overall, horses were steady, everybody's going to go home safely. Good parade. At the other end of the scale, the new recruits still have a very long way to go before they reach the required level of excellence.

The following day, they face the Riding Master's next inspection. Just watch now they lead in file. But he's immediately under-whelmed. Look over your shoulder. And you're leaving the rear of the Ride behind.

The sixth file looks like he's got a monkey on his back.

Can you see it? Trooper Forrest, sir.

Forrest, draw your shoulders back. That's it. No, look at me, Forrest. You're sat like this. Just relax. From the start they were...we were all just in crap order going round as dressing and stuff like that. And when Metcalfe did it - it weren't Metcalfe's fault at all. It just went tits up, big style. It went to tits up, big style. (Yells) Come on. Let's do that again, gentlemen. Slow yourselves down.

Go forward, the second file. Go forward. Stop pulling his teeth out. Now, look up, gentlemen. There's far too many of them that are not changing legs properly. RIDE, HALT. STILL. Gentlemen, just quiet yourselves down. Let's start riding with a little bit of confidence.

Quietly trot. Then when you go back into canter, don't overreact. At the moment you're rough-riding. Let's see it again, Corp Golder, on each rein. RIDE WILL MARCH. Keep your distances. When you're asked to go forward into canter, sit up. SIT UP. Straighten your back out and then the horse will trot for you.

Sit up. Get on the inside track.

Right, Corp-Major, I'm not happy with this. This is not good at all. Now, I know that when I come out here I put them under a bit of pressure.

And if they can't cope with this now,

there's no way that they're gonna when they're bouncing up and down the Mall and they've got the crowds cheering and they've got the horses that are on edge. Corp Golder! You present your Ride when they're ready. SIR!

You wouldn't want them going in front of the commanding officer riding the way they were just there. So we'll...we'll have a look at them again tomorrow, and we'll take it from there. WALK...TROT...AND CANTER. That's just sods law, they can cracked under the pressure. Yeah, the lads are probably really fed up at the moment that they've got to re-show again, 'cause they know that they've let themselves down. Corp Golder will feel extremely let down.

He knows that he's produced some good lads. So, yeah, he's more fed up more than anyone I'd say. He did dig today, alright. But, again, that's his job. He's got to put the pressure on every day. And a bit more pressure gets added. Some are becoming unsure whether they'll last the course. VAN LOON: I'm actually beyond caring... ..because...I don't mind if I go home or stay here.

Getting past the Riding Master remains their greatest challenge. Next time on the Queen's Calvary -

we discover if the trainees can make the grade. Well done.

Gunners of the Armoured Regiment go to school. Target left. NO, IT WASN'T TARGET.

And the Calvary looks back to the cold steel of Waterloo. .

THEME MUSIC Hey, Maggie. Today we're talking about the French influence on Australians and I dug this up, I thought you might it cos I know you're a connoisseur of beat-up old things.

(LAUGHS) Yes. Ah!