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(generated from captions) ? Get back, take two, get back and insult you is whack ? You came to insult Big fellas from.. ? You can't hold us back and spitting 'em out like gum ? Chewing up emcees And you know we keep it real ? We're gonna stick for one that we know you wanna feel. ? ? We got desserts (RAPS INDISCERNIBLY) is trapped inside a lost soul ? So much gained in my life ? I try to keep my head up My whole heart is turning cold ? But too late ? No father figure to put me back ? I was neglected ? Cos the fact is rapping is my best ? When my shit is hectic ? In my songs ? That's why I cover the pain how to be a man ? In a way, I taught myself made be wise ? Cos my rights and wrongs stayed with me 24/7 ? The scarred memories are watching over me ? I know my loved ones ? From heaven. ? CHEERING AND APPLAUSE Yeah, yeah! Don't forget to buy a CD. AMBIENT MUSIC are gonna make it after all. 'I feel like SHADOWS are gonna make it, too.' I think me and Jayden Closed Captions by CSI Tonight - pitching for

power. We are well placed to

give Australia the government

that it now needs. What is

needed more than anything now

certainty and delivery. I is continuity.

believe that I can provide that stability, certainty and

continuity. This Program Is Captioned

Live.

Good evening of the welcome

to 'Lateline'. At 19, an American student named Jake Missouri and went to Japan in Adelstein

search of spiritual awakening.

Instead he became a journalist

and wound up on the crime beat

of a major Japanese language newspaper. The job exposed him to some of the worst elements

of Japan's underworld. This one

boss put a contract out on me, and actually we still really

hate each other even though

he's become a Buddhist priest,

he published his memoirs this

year in which if you understand

the Yakuza, he has two lines basically along the lines of,

you know, "If you see this reporter and him out, I would be very

happy." My guest tonight is

Jake Adelstein the author of

'Tokyo Vice'. That interview is

coming up. For the politics junkies don't worry the ABC's

election analyst will join me in our

in our Sydney studio of the

we'll also have the latest from

that our other headlines. Hot our Canberra bureau. But before

topic. An international review demands reforms to the UN's

panel on climate change.

National gain, national shame.

Seven players from Pakistan's Test Test cricket team to face

treason charges at home the

Australian public may voted but Julia Gillard and Australian public may have

Tony Abbott are courting the

independents who are four votes of the key

decide independents who are yet to

decide which side to support in

a minority government. The two

leaders stepped up

# Claims to the Prime

Ministership today. Mr Abbott told members of his frontbench

to view themselves as a government in waiting while

Julia Gillard made a it will

veezed address promising both

continuity and change. The fog of political shrouds the nation's capital.

Below the cloud it's a bit like

Groundhog Day with both leaders

still in campaign mode. Tony

Abbott's daily right fuel

continues. While Julia Gillard

is still nursing babies. This

time, taking tips from her

partner. He will be coming back to negotiations

to negotiations if I don't give

him back to you. While the

negotiations with the crossbenchers continues behind

closed doors at the Press Club,

the Prime Minister made a very

public pitch, tailor made for

just four. What is need than anything now is continuity. Couldn't knew tee,

certainty and delivery. I

believe that I can provide that stability, certainty and

continuity. I have heard and

absorbed the message from the

Australian people delivered in

this election. At a shadow

Cabinet meeting Tony Abbott's

selling a different message. We

are no longer an opposition. We

may very well be a government

in waiting. It's clear that

while we don't yet have a result from the election, that

the Labor Party has first lost

its way, and then in the

election, it lost its majority and it lost its legitimacy.

One of the key demands of the

country independents' seven

point list is parliamentary

reform N response the Prime

Minister has produced her own

list. She will put an end to long-winded answers at question

time, imposing a time limit.

questions for the opposition. There will be follow-up

Individual MPs will have a

greater say. And an independent non-aligned Speaker Improvements not just

for this parliamentary term but

measures to permanently uplift

our system of government as

other reforms have done

generations past. This election

is already memorable for its

results. I want to make it

memorable for its legacy for

future Parliaments and future generations. Tony Abbott has come up

come up with his own plan. He

sent a letter to the Prime Minister proposing the

establishment of a bipartisan reform. But Julia Gillard has

dismissed that for now. Julia

Gillard has also rejected the

Electoral Commission's two

party preferred count because

it's excluded some seats. Labor it's excluded some

gave it had claimed the two party vote

gave it the moral high ground to form government. But then it

swung the coalition's way. This

is all about a bit of a storm

that teacup anyway. The thing

that matters is the number of supporting the seatses occupied by those

supporting the government when comes back. That's all that the House of Representatives

matters in the democracy. The

Prime Minister insists claim still stacks up. This

flurry of excitement, I think,

is misunderstanding what is

appearing on the AEC web site

now. For the independents

debate over the count won't

cloud their judgment. My interest this week is to try

and get stable government. And

I go back to that broad - I

know it's vague, but it's a broad statement about

everything matters, so we're

listening to everything,

including phone calls,

including people who are

willing to put costings out or

not, including people who make

statement and then it seems to go to mush. One of the independents acknowledges he

won't get everything he wants.

He has now received a detailed

offer from the Prime Minister

and he's waiting for the

Opposition Leader's. I been offered anything by either

of the leaders yet. That will

persuade me to support either

of them. As the nation waits,

there's still no idea when a

clearer picture will emerge.

There has been quite a row unfolding since last night and

a lot of political spin about

whether whether the two party figures

being constantly updated by the

Australian Electoral Commission

should be taken at face value and reported as they change

from day to day. Yesterday, the

coalition moved ahead in that

tally for the first time. Today, Labor was back in front

although as we go to air the

coalition's on top again. To

make sense of how the make sense of how the figures

are determined and their

significance I'm joined now by

the ABC's election analyst

Antony Green. The Australian Electoral Commission has on its

web site a table headed House of Representatives national two-party-preferred vote. Now

you say that is not the

vote. Why? It's the total of

the 142 electorates that have finished as Labor versus the

coalition contests. The other

eight aren't included. eight include the six seats

which have elected a National

in WA, four intd pents and a

Green. The totals don't include

the voteses of any of the

electorates of the people who

are going to determine who is

decide the election. They're

just a total. Why is the AEC

at this time not including those seats? It two party preferred count on

them. The Electoral

Commission's job is to conduct the the election, determine the

winner in every seat and return

the writs. It's to do that to a level of detail level of detail that with withstand a court challenge.

Its concentration is to return

150 elected members of

Parliament. In eight of those

seats it's a race between the

Labor Party and the Greens or Nationals and independents,

it's not a race between Labor

and coalition. In those eight

seats the Electoral Commission

is quite rightly conducting a detailed count to determine who wins the seat. It can't do a

two party preferred count at

this stage until it's finalised

the results in those eight

seats. So for people who are

watching this who don't necessarily understand all the

ins and outs who go to the AEC

web site they might be thinking

I like and I trust Antony Green

but it's on the AEC web site,

what am I I to make of

this? It's an incomplete number. The Electoral Commission is always under

pressure to produce a two party

preferred. That's

time it's absolutely fine. This

total might be .3 out or something, a small number out.

Which wouldn't matter if one

side had won easily. No-one

would've noticeed it wasn't

exactly correct. At this

election, it's absolutely down

to the wire at the moment. It's 50/50. It's somewhere around

there. But we won't know until they've finished all the

counting which will be several weeks.

weeks. So why does the AEC

then publish the tally as it

goes? Does it always do that,

why is it doing it in this case? It's done that's what everyone wants.

I've argued with them for a

couple of years if they don't

have the information they shouldn't be presenting it on

the basis it is the figures when it's when it's not. None of the

State Electoral Offices do this

for exactly this reason T gets

too complex. They've done their

best to meet demands for

information to be published. In

this case the information they

haven't provideed is complete and it's providing a slightly misleading picture. Therefore

do you see any value in the media media report ing from day to

day? No, it's not a complete figure. Yesterday they changed

the method of doing the counting. That's why there was

a sudden narrowing buts they --

because they changed the

method. Once Julia Gillard said

the day after the election that

Labor had won the two party preferred, wasn't it inevitable

though that people would see

the changes in that figure to

show that that her assertion wasn't necessarily

correct? Yes, but politics often about picking on the

points which favour your

argument and irg ignore the

once you don't. The coalition

was talking about the fis

preference vote N the end the

votes wasn't matter. It's the

seats in the Parliament that

matter. Even on election night

Nick Minchin initially referred

to the two party preferred, at other times Steven Smith

referred to the two party

preferred. But in this case the

figure they've been clinging

onto hasn't been correct all

along. Even so when politicians

are referring to and using that available on the web site s not

going to have some sort of I

suppose psychological impact on the independents because the negotiations are going on as we speak. Presumably those numbers

have to have some sort of

impact? Clearly everybody is

aiming their aergments. Trying to come up with a justification

for why they should be

appointed the government. The

numbers are not that clear on either side. They're searching

for things that back the justification for why they

should form government. We've seen this in south in 2002

where the Labor Party failed to

get a majority of seats an then

got into government with cross-bench independents. We've

seen this occur before at State level. You are very

accomplished in terms of computer projections and

predictions and what not. Is

there any way of predicting who

will ultimately win the two-party-preferred vote? I

don't think so. The count

itself is not complete. We still

still have postals an absents

being counted. A lot of very

safe Labor seats seem to be well behind. We have eight seats seats we aren't behind. The

Labor Party position will be

about .1, .1 and a bit better

than it is now, I suspect. But

we don't know the trend in the rest of the votes that have yet to be counted. Antony

we ruined a day off for you today. Thank you for coming in. Thank you. The Reserve

Bank isn't ruling out the prospects of a double-dip

recession. The RBA assistant

governor has told a management

conference a broader approach

to risk management has to be

developed. He was asked about the chances of a double-dip recession. It's a recession. It's a risk, it's actually an unquantifiable risk. Meanwhile, Australia's

recorded its smallest current

account deficit since the first

quarter of 2002, as commodity

exports boost earnings. Bureau

of Statistics also show that

retail sales rose for the about

fifth consecutive month in July and there increase in the number of homes

approved for construction. Some

of Australia's leading climate

scientists have welcomed

proposals for wide-ranging reform. United Nations climate

science panel. An international review has found that the credibility of the

international panel on climate

change known as the IPCC has

been damaged by some mistakes

exaggeration and inadequate

transparency. But the are view

also praised the IPCC for its

overall success in assess

climate change. The mistaken

prediction by the United Nations intergovernment al the Himalayan glaciers would

disappear by 203 5 due to

global warming escalated

attacks on the IPCC and on the

accuracy of climate

Now an international review has

also criticised the IPCC for a

lack of transparency and for making some statements for

which there is little

evidence. The errors made did dent the credibility of the

process. No question about it.

And trust is something you have

to earn every year. You to earn every year. You never build up trust. You just

trust. You have to re-enter it

all the time. But the review

supports of the IPCC as an

overall success although it

could prompt more calls for the

resignation of its Chairman because of a recommendation

that members of the panel only

serve one term. But the

Chairman who's in his second

term says he's not going

anywhere. I was instrumental in

requesting this review. I personally feel that now that

the review has been carried out

and we have a set of

recommendations I responsibility to take it

forward. In Australia for a

range of political meetings

British economists Lord

Nicholas Stern said while IPCC processes processes could be improved the core science has not been

called into question. You've

had of many thousands of

papers, you HIV had a few that

have turn out to be mistaken.

I'm very glad we discovered

them. We should go on

discovering them. But if you

ask yourself how in this 200

year story of scientific

history, how that strength of the case, the

answer it s it doesn't make any

serious difference. The review by the international science

body called the interacademy

council or IAC recommends

fundamental reforms to the

IPCC. More rigorous guidelines fundamental reforms to the

for predicting the impacts of

climate change. And for stopping scientists from

straying into advocacy. Greater

transparency and steps to

ensure that genuine scientific

debates are are acknowledged.

Two-time lead author and review editor for the next IPCC

report says the reforms will further improve an already rigorous process. There were

errors in the second report, the impacts report of the intergovernmental panel on

climate change and the review

process that's been undertaken

I hope will tighten up

procedures and help us avoid

making those mistakes in the

future. But while welcoming the reforms

reforms this climate sceptic

believes the IPCC should be abolished. There is to the you nations to ask for need for Australia to be going

policy advice on environmental

matters. We have our own

scientists and we scientists and we should

consult with them. And CSIRO clearly one of the cases in point. And CSIRO should certainly be consulted. However we've been sosh associated

closely with the IPCC. What's

really important is that the

policy advice to the government

is con tested. It needs due diligence done on it independent audit in a sense.

You must consider many lines of

scientific advice. You can't

just take a monopoly advice

from one body, be that body the

IPCC or CSIRO or the Bureau of Meteorology. The next IPCC

report on the state of climate

change is due in three years.

In Papua New Guinea, four people, including one

Australian, have been killed in

a plane crash. Locals say a

plane skidded off the runway

and burst into flames after

province landing in the remote Milne bay

off PNG's south-east coast.

Only the pilot survived. The Brisbane based company

Australian Reef Pilots says the

dead Australian was one of its marine pilots, a 61-year-old

Sydney man. He was due to guide

a boat into Australian waters.

The four Pakistani cricket

players ill plik Kateed in an

alleged betting scam are likely

to be stood down for the

starts one-day series in England which

starts this weekend.

International cricket's govern

body is expected to receive a

report on the scandal from its anti-corruption unit

next 48 hours. But despite

assurances it will act promptly

and decisively, at least one observer says the ICC itself

need as shake-up, need as shake-up, and thinks

that former Prime Minister John

Howard was the man to do it.

The Pakistani cricketers have

spent the day in their hotel at

Taunton Somerset. The Twenty20

series against England is

supposed to kick off on Sunday,

but the odds are that at least

four of the players picked for the side after being

accused of accepting bribes in

return for certain behaviour on

the field. I don't particularly the four players

who have been named shouldn't go anywhere near a cricket

field. In this instance I don't

think Pakistan should play in this one-day series. I wouldn't

look at money in this. We have

to get to the bottom of it,

clear it out, hopefully for good. The four men under

suspicion are Salman Butt the captain, along with bowlers Mohammed Asif and as well as the wicketkeeper

Kamran Akmal. Video footage

broadcast by the 'News of the

World' detailed allegations of

their involvement in a series of

of spot bets. It's now emerged

that at least three of the

players had been under

surveillance by the International Cricket Council

since the Australia Pakistan

Test in Sydney in January. The

ICC is facing increasing

pressure to act, as two more

Australian cricketers reveal

that they've been approached by

illegal bookies. You don't

usually get a knock on door at 11 o'clock someone

asking to you come across to

their room for a drink and then

go ut to dinner thaw don't know (allegations of match fixing

have dogged the game for years and commentators are now

growing impatient for the ICC

is respond. The ICC is a notoriously dysfunctional body.

Don't think that's a

contentious state. We're

talking about an organisation

that's become highly

politicised, extremely obsessed with its own financial dealings. And cricket

in all of this seems to have

become a bad third or fourth. One of the world's cricketing authorities blames

the influence of countries for the ICC's

reluctance to clamp down on

corruption, and he bemoans the

fact that the former Australian Prime Minister John Howard

wasn't picked as the ICC's next

President. As you may remember,

John Howard was proposed as the

Vice-President and therefore

the next President of ICC. And this was defeated by opposition

within the governing body. Really only two possible

explanations for this. One is

that it was political payback time because Mr Howard's

policies while in government

were not universally popular in

Asia. Secondly, what seems to be much more significant, is

the fact that here was an

outsider of some substance. I

think they thought an outsider

coming in was a danger to the

set-up that they have there. He

might just want to start asking

a few difficult questions. The Pakistani players might be

happy to be in England as the

investigation continues. At

home they're facing fury in a

nation where cricket is a national obsession. Criminal

punishment should be handed

down to them. Their wealth and

property should be confiscate

and they should be handcuffed.

They've ruin t the honour of

their country. Nothing is yet proven but Pakistanis have

already passed judgment on the

team. A local lawyer has filed

a treason case against seven

players and the

for life bans from the game and

the death penalty. The ICC is

expected to receive a report

from its anti-corruption unit by by Thursday. A press conference

is said to be scheduled at which they'll outline the

future of Pakistan in the international game.

For 12 years American Jake Adelstein work

beat for one of Japan's most

prestigious newspapers the

'Yomuiri Shimbun' A fluent

speakered and writer of

Japanese the job basically took

over his life exposing him to Japan's Japan's disturbing underworld,

its violent organised crime

network the abuse of women in

the sex district, even human

trafficking. The Yakuza

threatened his life when he

broke a story that a notorious

Japanese gangster had turned

informant to the FBI in

exchange for a liver exchange for a liver transplant

in an American hospital. Jake Adelstein has written bh his experiences

experiences in a book Australia for the Melbourne and

Brisbane writers' festivals. He

joined me from Brisbane a short

time ago. Jake Adelstein thank you

you for joining us. Thank you for having for having me. How did you come to find yourself a

reporter in Japan working on

one of the most prestigious Japanese language

newspapers? Well I went to the

university of Sophia university

in Tokyo as an exchange student. I transferred then.

Then I passed the examination

to become a newspaper reporter at the

they hire. I don't know how ABC

hires reporters but in Japan

everybody takes a test. If you

do well on test you go to the

interview, if you pass the

interviews, you get a job as a

reporter, and they immediately put you on the police beat.

Which is where I started. Where

do they start you on the police

beat? Because I think the Japanese believe that's the

basics of reporting. It's who

did what to whom, when where

and finally if you have time,

why. The why is the non-essential

non-essential part of the story

as far as Japanese are

concerned. That's the last

thing. It's the first thing there's not enough space in the newspaper. One of the

interesting things that leapt

out at me was the fact that in Japan reporters would show up

at their contacts' houses in

the evening, pairing gifts in the hopes that you might be able to get some information? Oh yeah, yeah.

We'd become friendly with the

cops. That's the past evening rounds. When you go to the

officers' homes, you wait for

them to come back and if they

like you, you go into the house

and you have a couple of drinks with them and while you're pretending to be might look a morsel of information to you. But the

pretext is we were both drunk

and if I said anything to you

about a case we're working on I

don't remember it. And of course, you can't take notes

when you're talking to the cops. That would be breaking

the unwritten rule that you're

not really sharing

information. You also had a lot

lot to do with the criminals. Explain for people who exactly

are the Yakuza and pervasive are they in everyday Japanese life? OK. One thing I

should explain about the should explain about the Yakuza

is that they are not a hidden

society in Japan. They're very open. There are open. There are 80,000 Yakuza

members in all of Japan in a total. The Japanese government

recognises them as groups and

Des egg Nate 22 of them as special organised crime groups

and keeps tabs on them and

regulates them but they don't ban

ban them. So for example, this is a

comes out every month. There are about five different ones

of them, and on the cover is

the head of Japan's largest

organised crime group. If you open the open the magazine up you can

see pictures of succession

ceremonies and other Yakuza

bosses. These are the top Mafia

bosss in Japan. They're ruling

over 40,000 people. It's not

very secretive. Of course,

people also send in their own

photos of their tattoos,

Yakuza members. And they always

have a section, too, about foreign crime. Because one of the things the Yakuza do the things the Yakuza do to

justify their existence is

they're always claiming that if it wasn't us it wasn't us that Japan would

be taken over by evil

foreigners like myself. And therefore, they're serving a

valuable function. You broke a

very big story about a Japanese

crime lord who traveled to the

US for a liver transplant. Tell

us about that. Um ... Godo

Panamasa who was kicked out of

the Yakuza in 2009, or was it

2008, time goes by so quickly,

he was one of the most powerful

mob bosss in Japan, and he made

a deal with the FBI in which he

gave up the names of members of

his organisation and the financial institutions they

were using in the United States

to launder money in exchange

for a visa to get entrance into

UCLA where he got

transplant as did three other

Yakuza under mysterious

circumstances because they were

all at the bomb tom of the list. list. Suddenly after some huge

cash donations they got themselves new liver snoochlths

how did the Yakuza react to how did the Yakuza react to you digging around on that other

matter? This one boss put a

contract out on me. We still

hate each other. He published

his memoirs this year. If you

understand the Yakuza he has

two lines which were basically

this reporter, and you want to

take him out, I would be very

happy." So it's not a very

cordial relationship. In the

long run, if you read the book,

it goes into greater detail. It

sort of became a question as

who could I play off in his organisation that would rather

see him out and exposed than me

dead? So I you know, there's a

certain amount of certain amount of Yakuza

politics involved there. Do

you feel comfortable ... sorry, go on. One thing that's

interesting about this, that

relates to Australia, is that Godo made this deal with the

FBI and promised to give them all the

members which the FBI wanted

because Japan's police agencies

will not share that information

with United States or Australia because of concerns about privacy for Japan's Indigenous

Mafia members. The head of the

third largest organised crime group in Japan tried to get into the United States to

liver transplant at UCLA but

because Godo had betrayed the

FBI they wouldn't let him in so

he came to Australia in he came to Australia in 2002 and got his liver transplant

here. Australia used to be one

of the top spots for Yakuza

bosses to get their liver

transplants. I don't know if they're doing it here they're doing it here any more. There are many links you know of between Japanese organised crime and Australia? Just in property and real estate. I mean, they like

the Gold Coast. They like to buy property here. Australia's one of the Yakuza seem to have an easy

time getting in and out of. And in that

in that sense, you know, it's

kind of a vacation paradise for

them. You mentioned, let me ask you and you the book, why is there such a preponderance of liver

transplants? Yakuza tend to be,

especially in the younger days,

drug users, especially

methamphetamine and in the old days after the Second World

War, a lot of them were using

dirty needles and got hepatitis C. Also the tattoos, you can

see on the cover of this book

and the back of this book. One

of the things they tend to do is get these full which mark them as members of

the Yakuza. The tattoos

themselves are carcinogenic and

they e prevent your skin from

sweating. To puts another layer

of stress on the liver. It's

the No. 1 cause of death for

Yakuza members, is liver

problems and after that is being shot or stabbed to

death. There was another link to

was that you received a tip-off

from actually an Australian

woman who was working in Tokyo.

You'd spent quite a bit of time

nosing around in sex clubs for various investigations this woman gave you a tip-off that

there was a lot of human

trafficking going on. Tell us a

bit about what you learned

there? I met this woman named

Helena when I was working on

the Lucy Blackman story. Lucy

Blackman was a British stewardess stewardess who oiz disappeared

in Tokyo and was probably

killed by a Japanese man though it's never been really proved

in court. And she called

and told me that she was

working in a sex club. Japan does have a very legal sex

industry and that a lot of girls who

girls who were coming into the

clubs were working under duress. That they had been

brought into the country and their passports taken away and

they were essentially slaves

and at first I actually didn't take her

take her very seriously, because you about Japan was there were lots

of Japanese women working in

the sex industry legally

because it's good money. With good benefits. Whether approve of the sex industry or

not that's how it is in Japan.

I was kind of shocked to

realise there was such a huge

human trafficking industry in

Japan at the time, and she was

very helpful in giving me

information and names and

numbers to write stories about

it in the paper and the it in the paper and the Yomiri actually launched kind of campaign. The results of our

campaign was that Japan was put

on the United States watch on the United States watch list

of countries that weren't

really dealing with human trafficking problems. And that embarrassed the Japanese enough

that they actually put laws on the

the books which greatly reduced

the number of foreign women

trafficked into Japan. You've

done some work since finishing up your reporting career around human trafficking. Is that

right? Yeah. I left Japan in

2005. And then the US State Department study of human trafficking in Japan and the study that they wanted done was not about wanted done was not about the

victims, but how does the

process work? Who runs the organisations? What politicians

are paid off? Where are the

girls brought in? It was a very

intensive project, it took over

a year to do. After finishing

up that project and turning in

my data, I went to work for the

players project of Japan which

is is a group that helps

trafficking victims and we also

work with the police when we get we got a very good tip about a

group of paedophiles who were

making child pornography and

distributing it and selling it

and we took and we took it to the police and worked with them so that

the police could actually make

an arrest. Japan,

unfortunately, is one of the few countries in the world

where it's legal to possess

child pornography. You can't

sell it or make it, but it's OK

to own it. Which makes it very

hard for the police to actually investigate cases involving child pornography because they

can't get a warrant to seize

evidence, if the person is evidence, if the person is just

using it for their own personal viewing

say such a thing. Is that

something that the group you've

been involved with has been

lobbying to change and lobbying to change and are authorities receptive to

changing those sorts of

laws? The authorities aren't

receptive to changing it. It's

a huge money. There's huge

money to be made in nigh yo

child successfully for Amazon Japan

to stop putting on their web

site child pornography for sale

that was successful. The

current Japanese government has

tabled all laws that would ban

possession of child pornography

as contraband. I suppose there

area another political shift

that maybe the laws will come

back up again. You realised

after you did this human

trafficking investigation as a

reporter that you were starting

to burn out after 12 years on the that led you to that realisation ? (Sighs) you know, I couldn't sleep at night and

then I couldn't forget the

stories of the people that I'd

met or the victims that I'd

interviewed, and you know, at

the time, the human trafficking

victims themselves were in a

very precarious position because if they police, they would be deported

as criminals. And the people

that had brought them into the

country wouldn't be punished because you can't punish

someone for a crime if you

don't have the witness there. Because they've already been deported. And sometimes you

know, the only solution I could

see was getting enough money to

get them a ticket to get out of

the country. Then going to the

police an saying would you raid

this club, would you close this place down? I had bizarre, surreal conversation

with the head of the Azabu

police station once. I had a

tip about a place where women

were being - where the

were sex slaves and he said, "I

can't bust this place unless I have testimony from someone

that they're engaging in

prostitution because that is

illegal. Then we could arrest

the owners for pimping out the

women." Japan has very bizarre prostitution laws. It's a crime

to be a prostitute or to

to be a prostitute or to do prostitution, but the prostitute or the customer can't be arrested. The only

person who can be arrested is

the pimp or the brothel owner.

The chief of police said to me "Why don't you go to this place

and have sex with one of the

women and then sign a statement and then we can raid the

place?" That didn't seem an

acceptable solution to me. Jake Adelstein there's many more questions I have for you

and lots more I would like to

talk about but unfortunately

we're out of time on this

occasion. Thank you very much

for making the time to speak to us. Thank you for having me on.

For the first time an

Australian State or Territory has recognised same-sex marriages. Tasmania's Parliament Parliament has voted to recognise same sex relationships including marriages registered in other

States or countries. The State

doesn't conduct same sex

marriages itself, but does recognise same sex relationships. Now same sex

marriages in other jurisdictions will be

recognised. We will recognise

that deed of relationship here in in Tasmania without requiring reregistration. Three

Tasmanian Liberal members voted

against the move which was

supported by all other MPs. Now

to the weather. Rain for

Melbourne and

That's all from us. If you'd

like to look back at tonight's

interview or review any of our

stories or transcripts, visit

our web site and also follow us

on Twitter and Facebook. Tony Jones will be here tomorrow and Closed Captions by CSI This Program is Captioned

Live.

Good evening and welcome to Lateline Business. I'm

Brigid Glanville. Tonight - the risks Bank's assistant governor

acknowledges the threat of a double dip recession. There's a

risk, it 's a somewhat un

quantifiable risk but it's a risk. Also trouble across the Tasman - New Zealand South Canterbury Finance collapse s and the Government is relevance

toed to step in The deficit

also get their $.6 billion cash

in their pocketers of the next

six months. And there is life

in regional TV. Going forward

we should expect to see a

tidier, simplify ed business structure focussed around

Australian radio and regional

television. To the markets and

it was all about worries for

the US economy. The All

lost 1%. The ASX 200 was 48

points lower. In Japan, the

Nikkei has a terrible day, down

3.5%. The Hang Seng also lost ground. As the United States battles to suss stain economic growth, Australia's Reserve

Bank has admitted a double dip recession is possible. RBA

assistant governor Guy Debelle

told a conference that mis assessment of risk was

a key element of the financial crisis. Here is Phillip Lasker. Music was the muse

when RBA assistant governor Guy

Debelle began by quote ing the

Doors legendary lead sing er

Jim Morrison Who had got

himself a beer, the future is

uncertain and the end is always

near. The RBA official

suggested Banks would have done

well to make that the credo in

the global financial crisis. He

called on financial

institutions to now go institutions to now go beyond a

ing measurable risk by take ing account of un measurable

uncertainty and stress testing use ing scenarios outside

historical norms. He says a healthy dose of judgment is

required while build agro bust

financial system: One key

element of this, I believe, is

restrain ing leverage which can

limit the number of illnesses that turn into fatdalities. The

conference was also told that

the financial crisis could have

brought down two Australian

banks - one of them a major

in terms of bank failure would have been very different had

there nod been government

support step in. And the risk

of contagion should not be

underestimated. When you

to look at how interconnected

Greece is with other European countries,

countries, and then it 's

exposure collectively to the US

banking system, all of a sudden

we need to think about

Australia's connection to the

European economy and the US economy and how that might

impact us. A US economy which

many fear may become ill again has has been the latest focus of global markets. My economic

team is hard at work in identifying additional measures

that could make a difference in both promoting, growth and

hiring in the short term and

increasing our economies'

competitive nfns the long

term. It was not enough to

prevent another Wall Street

sell-off.,, oh remove concerns

that the US economy is faltering. But could there be

another recession triggered by

a return to falling house prices and business investment? All of those cyclical components right no it's difficult to see

them getting - generating

enough further weaks on the

drag the whole US economy

down. It may be difficult to see see but the Reserve Bank is not

ruling out a new global recession. Lt It's a risk, it's

a somewhat un quantifiable

risk, but it's a risk of being one

one thing which it cess

difficult to take into account

risk and uncertainty in

structuring balance sheets and

the like,is's difficult to take uncertainty into conducting policy. Then there's

those who dismiss double dip

recession talk about disfraction the new world: Any

economic activity which was

attach ed in a world where we

consumed - it really suggested

that any jobs that were

created, any factors - factories that were built as a

result of overin debt edness

global ly now needs to be

re-examine and perhaps

reallocated around the

world. In other words, the

migration of jobs from China to

the developing world where unemployment is high. One of

New Zealand's biggest financial

firms has collapsed, after

failing to meet a deadline to

re capitalise the business. South Canterbury been in trouble for while, as a

result of bad lending decisions

made in the boom years. The Government has now been forced

to step in and it will New

Zealand taxpayers who are forced to pay. Phillipa

McDonald reports. It's the

biggest finance company to collapse in New Zealand, and

South Canterbury Finance had

been a major source of funds for farmers. Financiers such as

South Canterbury Finance have enabled transactions to happen

that in the future simply won't

be able to happen and may well

be that people have to exit the industry. South Canterbury

Finance had been an institution

in the south Island city of Timma

Timma rue and investors had

been waiting anxiously for news

on whether a deal could be done

which would bring the company

back from the brink of

receivership. Our money is

involved we want to know what's happened with with it. Worried. But the New

Zealand Finance Minister was

damage. The deps - - depositors

will get their $1.6 billion

cash in their pockets over the

next six months. Money will

come from if Government's

deposit guarantee scheme which was established at the height

of the global crisis. Without

that deposit guarantee scheme

there would have been a run on

those financial institution an

they would have gone broke and

that would have had a much more

significant impact on the New Zealand

Zealand economy. The Government

is saying its bail-out is saying its bail-out won't harm the economy is and there

is no risk to New Zealand's credit rating Opposition is alarmed at the

initial price tag for the

bail-out, a staggering $1.6 billion. The ordinary Kiwi

that is struggling to that is struggling to save for him or herself having to bail out the investors of South

Canterbury will come as a huge

burden. The Government insist s

it will get most of the money

back by selling the company's

assets and that the final cost

will be about $600 million. A cut in official

interest rates now seems

unlikely after a number of

stronger than expected economic figures. A big rise in sales of food

food from cafes an restaurants

helped retail sales grow by

0.7% in July, almost double the

market's forecast. Building approvals increased 2.3%,

rather than falling as most economists had tipped. Australia's current account deficit meanwhile

shrunk by nearly $11 billion in

the June quart tore its lowest

level in about eight years as mining exports surged. And

house prices in capital cities

posted a small rise in July, up

by a season ally adjusted over 12 months to 9.7%. And

those good figures on the economy limited big losses on

the markets today. Earlier I spoke to Marcus Padley Paterson Securities. Thanks for joining Lateline Business. My pleasure,

Brigid. It's the end of the

month. Did that have any play

on the market today? Usually

the end of the month the fund

managers are supposed to touch

up the market to make their

prices of the stocks they hold

look really good. If that was a

skill then they're completely

devoid of it because we