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(generated from captions) CC to Foreign Correspondent. Hello, and welcome I'm Mark Corcoran. (Cries) booming baby-making business. Tonight - Japan's

is meeting two new patients. SHANE McLEOD: Today, Dr Netsu He's agreed to do something in Japan. that isn't technically permitted

(All laugh) And the prophet, his people, exodus to Israel. and their modern-day (All cheer) MAN: Hallelujah! THEME MUSIC

to the Middle East later. Those musical migrants facing many couples But first, we look at a challenge

in the modern world - leading hectic lives to have a baby. trying and failing It's especially a problem in Japan have left motherhood too late. where many women But the lack of children economic and social crisis. also presents a looming lowest birthrates, With one of the world's is ageing dramatically Japan's population by 30 million people - and is expected to fall of the entire population - that's nearly a quarter by the middle of this century. So perhaps it's not that surprising biggest fertility industry, that Japan is now home to the world's than any other country. with more clinics But as Shane McLeod discovers, in the way of parenthood. politics and culture are getting

PIANO PLAYS SOFTLY On the auspicious Day of the Dog, Suitengu Shrine. thousands flock to Tokyo's The dog represents fertility. By coming here, their chances of getting pregnant. women hope they'll increase of a fertility crisis. Japan is in the midst While its population is ageing, its birthrate is falling.

uttered here Sadly, many of the prayers will go unanswered. PIANO CONTINUES TO PLAY SOFTLY CHILDREN LAUGH AND PLAY a very good mother. Sachiko Itakura thinks she'd make the Japanese dilemma. Itakura's story represents Putting career first, to have children, and with a husband reluctant she didn't try getting pregnant at age 40. until her second marriage

determined to have her own baby. Now, close to 47, Itakura is still for more IVF treatment. She's heading to her local hospital of conceiving are minuscule - Itakura's age means the chances almost non-existent. would not treat her Most doctors in Australia find it harder to say no. but Japanese doctors around $50,000 on treatment. In six years, Itakura has spent

as long as she's allowed to. She plans to continue

CLOCK CHIMES INCESSANTLY CLOCKS TICK AND CHIME for Japanese women. The clock is ticking Unlike previous generations, worked harder they've married later, and delayed starting families. even their 40s They are well into their 30s, "Something's missing." before many come to think,

(Babies cry) This little bundle of trouble for so many Japanese couples. is the elusive treasure This is 3-day old Niko, hard to come by in modern Japan. and a newborn like her is a massive baby-making industry. The under supply has spawned is the world's busiest IVF clinic. In this Tokyo high rise In pursuit of motherhood, more fertility treatments women are enduring than anywhere in the world. They're older when they start - than their Australian counterparts - on average, five years older for longer, and they're sticking with IVF often without success.

of the fertility industry. Dr Osamu Kato is the high priest seek his expertise, Every year, more than 10,000 patients and with a reputation for success, when all else has failed. it's Dr Kato they see 44 is the oldest age conceived their own baby using IVF. at which an Australian woman has Dr Kato claims to have had success But, remarkably, with women in their late forties. and other Western countries, In Australia using a younger donor egg. older women can conceive a baby But not in Japan, underpin laws that ban the procedure. where traditional family values

reaches the pinnacle of society. Japan's fertility crisis Princess Aiko, Crown Princess Masako has one child, though never officially confirmed, and it's been reported, that IVF was used. Even now the idea lingers to produce a male heir to the throne. that at 45 it's not too late for her by Seiko Noda, That desperation is understood ruling party. a prominent MP in Japan's with her struggle to conceive, She went public of cultural taboos in the process. breaking a host

to have a child. Noda wrote a book about her struggle within the government - These days, she's a rising star as a future prime minister. even spoken of ladies and gentlemen. Good afternoon, My name is Seiko Noda... within the government But she disagrees with many like egg donation. on restrictions on technology on clearing the way Noda has staked her career the fertility treatment they want. for women to access She has her critics, Professor Noriko Mizuno. including the esteemed academic

(Speaks Japanese) a university professor Professor Mizuno is a lawyer, and a mother of two. (Speaks Japanese) of unrestricted fertility treatments She worries about the impact to carry on family lines. in a land where women are desperate adviser on fertility issues, Professor Mizuno is a key government from donor eggs to surrogacy.

to use Japan's low birthrate She believes it's unethical onto women. to foist fertility treatments The professor's view is widely held but here in the city of Suwa is breaking all the rules. one maverick doctor whatever he can Dr Yahiro Netsu says he'll do to help women become mums.

two new patients. Today Dr Netsu is meeting He's agreed to do something in Japan. that technically isn't permitted not to show the faces of these women Foreign Correspondent was asked he'll be stopped because Dr Netsu fears from carrying out the plan if their identities are known.

Mother Kyoko is about to receive her daughter Miki's fertilised embryo and carry it to term as a surrogate. In Australia, surrogacy is legal, although not for profit. In the United States it's become an industry of its own, but, in Japan, it remains off limits. Dr Netsu has already been suspended from his professional association once before for facilitating egg donation. But what patients want may not be what's in the national interest.

We've developed a new technology to... Japan's most prominent fertility guru, Dr Kato, is also stretching the rules.

He's looking for ways his patients can bypass Japan's restrictive laws. One of his projects will see Japanese women flying to the north Queensland city of Cairns as medical tourists - legally able to access egg donation. In the future, scientific advances could make that obsolete.

Researchers in Dr Kato's laboratories undertake highly experimental cell manipulation. They're pursuing the holy grail of Japanese IVF - the old egg made young again. Aged, unviable eggs are being 'recharged' with part of a young, donated egg.

VIOLIN SWAYS For Sachiko Itakura time has run out.

Her dream of parenthood will only come true if she can find a younger egg. But to find that egg donor she'll have to ignore the rules or head overseas. Even if she succeeds, she'll never be able to tell her own mother her baby was produced from another egg. At this kids' park in Tokyo youngsters get to be whatever they want. The maternity ward is popular with little girls. It's an irony

that a nation having such trouble realising its dreams of parenthood

is closed to technologies that could help it overcome the challenges. As the population ages and shrinks - 30 million fewer people by the middle of this century - there will be fewer to carry on the work of the generations before them. The debate over fertility is one that Japan has no choice but to confront.

Shane McLeod there. Next we go to Israel. Ben Carter was a bus driver in Chicago when he had a vision to lead his people back to their spiritual home. He led more than 2,000 of his Black Hebrew followers to a new home in southern Israel, where our correspondent Matt Brown caught up with them. DRUMS BEAT RHYTHMICALLY PEOPLE CHANT

They're officially known as the African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem.

The way they tell the story, they were driven out of the Holy Land thousands of years ago by the Romans. Then they fled to Africa where they were enslaved and taken to America. We'd like to first thank the Holy One of Israel

for blessing us with this beautiful day in north-eastern Africa.

ALL: Yeah! Their leader, Ben Ammi Ben-Israel, sees himself as a modern-day prophet who brought his people back to their spiritual home. I am motivated by my love - my love for the community, my love for Israel, and my love for all people, and it is my desire to present to them a peace plan

that is based upon the words of the prophets.

(Both sing) Around 2,000 Black Hebrews, as they're called, have made their home in southern Israel. (All sing)

They are best known as singers and, by and large, that's how they sustain their community. (All crescendo in song) Hallelujah! Their modern-day exodus began in 1966, a time of racial violence in America. (Sings) # But the master's work had just begun # And the people were beginning to cry... # Back then, Ben Ammi was known as plain old Ben Carter,

a bus driver in Chicago - a bus driver who had a vision. And the Angel Gabriel did come to bring the word of God that it was time to start the journey back to the Promised Land and to establish the long-awaited Kingdom of God. CHOIR SINGS A CAPPELLA In 1969, after a brief stopover in Liberia, the Black Hebrews made it to their new home. Demona is a tough town in the Negev Desert, right next door to Israel's top-secret nuclear reactor. At first they were welcomed but then relations began to sour. The Black Hebrews say their connection with God predates even the birth of the Jewish people, so despite the threat of deportation, they refused to convert to Judaism. (Blows whistle)

We just saw it as another group of Europeans dictating for us who we were, what we were, what we could and could not do. Stevie Wonder!

Although they attracted star supporters, like Stevie Wonder, the community remained in official limbo for decades. (Sings) # I love you # # I am here

(All sing) # Because I really care # I do... # Their unusual lifestyle also set them apart from their Jewish neighbours. The Black Hebrews are vegans - that means no meat, no eggs and no dairy, but, come lunchtime, they say,

that still leaves them plenty to smile about. They're delicious, nutritious, I better stop talking before you get vicious, All the way down from the Galilee - refreshing, Holy Land watermelon! (All cheer) Just to add to the mix,

the Black Hebrews are polygamous, as well. Ben Ammi has five wives. MODERN MUSIC PLAYS We observe laws of purity and that means that every month that the sister in the house,

once she is in her menstruation

then she cannot go into kitchen, she cannot care for her man. You know, there has to be another female to come in and to handle these things. Israelis shunned the Black Hebrews for decades, until this Palestinian attack in 2002. GUNSHOTS

Six people were shot dead, including the first Black Hebrew to have been born in Israel. He had been hired as the singer at a bat mitzvah celebration. (All sing mournfully) When he was killed, we buried him here.

His father, Prince Elkanann Ben Shaleahk, says the shared tragedy brought the Black Hebrews together with the rest of the country. It opened doors, opened a lot of doors. It was an awakening, it was - on the part of the government - to wake, to make some changes, because the Israeli community didn't know that it was that bad. CLARINET DANCES PLAYFULLY Since then, the Black Hebrews have been made permanent residents. Their children now fight for Israel. We are not neutral when it comes to the state of Israel. I mean that we are an integral part of the state of Israel and we would do whatever is necessary to defend Israel. LIVELY JEWISH MUSIC PLAYS While the Black Hebrews still don't have full citizenship, they feel that at last they've been welcomed home.

Well, that's all for tonight. Thanks for joining us. But, before we go, I'd like to congratulate our China correspondent Steve McDonell,

Africa correspondent Andrew Geoghegan and cameramen Robert Hill and David Martin - all have been nominated as finalists for the Walkleys - Australia's most prestigious journalism awards. You can check out their work on our website and let us know what you think. more stories from around the world. We'll be back next week with Until then, goodnight.

in Darfur, Hello, I'm Andrew Geoghegan world's largest peacekeeping force. travelling with the commander of the where there's no peace to keep. But it's a land as a hero. If you're lucky you come out with the whole world blaming you. If you're not lucky, you come out (All chant) (Speaks local language) Hello, I'm Matt Brown in Syria. (Encants in Aramaic) one of the last places on earth The tiny town of Malula is spoken by Jesus, still survives. where Aramaic, the language (All recite in Aramaic) Closed Captions by CSI

ORIENTAL MUSIC

'Welcome back to Not Quite Art. into the future on a mission This week, we're peering culture's coming from these days. to find out exactly where our

we found that Australian culture In the last episode, world in the most unexpected ways. is finding its way all around the their bedrooms to global audiences. We found people working from critics and musicians We met Australian artists, all around the planet. with millions of fans unlikely cultural forms And we found some of the most the globe if the work is unique, can find audiences all around exciting and compelling enough. in Singapore. We've come in search This week we're actually of electronic art. of the high-tech, cutting-edge world what I'm trying to say.' Oh, shit, I've forgotten

Symposium of Electronic Art We - we're here at the International with the cutting-edge, high-tech.... # Hey

# Ooh, ooh # Step into the rhythm...# # Step into this rhythm back home It may not be front page news here showing their works, but there are heaps of Australians the future of what art can be... sharing their ideas and exploring ..or might be. as good a place as any So hopefully this is about what that could be. to get some hint so set the pace # ..rhythm of the bass let the traffic be the bass # Never waste what you keep nothing quite so fun # To the drums of your feet filling my world climb # As steppin' in time # As I'm soakin' up the sunshine...# So what exactly is ISEA? on Electronic Art. ISEA is the International Symposium that has three parts to it. It is a symposium a peer-reviewed academic conference It is a juried exhibition, it is of satellite and partner and it has a whole series and in conjunction events. and develop discourses It is meant to generate discussion

of media arts and support the development in different parts of the world. ELECTRONICA PLAYS a regular art exhibition 'It doesn't look a lot like is full of digital and electronic art but the juried exhibition at ISEA from all over the world. because Singapore is searching The reason why we choose dousing And basically dousing for water all the time. is also a way to search for water.