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Tsunami rescue turns to grim recovery -

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LEIGH SALES, PRESENTER: Rescue operations in the Pacific have now turned to grim recovery efforts
in the wake of Wednesday's devastating tsunami. The death toll on Samoa, American Samoa and Tonga
is over 150 and there are fears for scores more people on outlying islands. The last injured
Australian survivor arrived at Richmond air base in Sydney a short time ago.

The region hasn't yet settled down. A strong afternoon tremor off Tonga has shaken all those trying
to get their lives back together. ABC correspondent Kerri Ritchie is in Samoa.

KERRI RITCHIE, REPORTER: Inside Apia Hospital, people are battered, bruised and traumatised beyond
belief. School teacher Claire Rowlands from Smeaton in Victoria lost her travelling companion and
best friend, Ballarat woman Vivien Hodgins, in the giant wave.

Claire tells me she's okay, but her body is torn from head to toe. She was too injured to be flown
out with the rest of the Australian victims, including Tasmanian horse trainer John Blacker, whose
wife Marie was ripped from his arms and swept away.

For those six Australians, this has been a holiday of heartbreak. They were flown to Brisbane,
where they're recovering in hospital.

DANIEL BITMEAD, EMERGENCY DOCTOR: They're obviously distressed, they've been through a lot, all of
them, and it's been an ordeal for all of them.

KERRI RITCHIE: New Zealander Malcolm Lawrence met Vivien Hodgins the night before she died. She was
staying in the next beach hut.

MALCOLM LAWRENCE, NEW ZEALAND VISITOR: She was just a lovely, vivacious person. She was just so

KERRI RITCHIE: He can't get the image of the wave out of his head.

MALCOLM LAWRENCE: A Samoan boy came running through the (inaudible) further up and just yelled at
us to run, get out. And we looked around and the tsunami - the water was coming over the reef.

KERRI RITCHIE: In the hospital, locals cover their noses; it smells of death in here. Australian
doctors are among those trying to stop the spread of disease.

HUGH GRANTHAM, AUSTRALIAN RELIEF TEAM: The injuries are those that you tend to get with a tsunami,
which are cuts that then get infected, because the sand gets into the wound, and unless we get it
out, it gets infected.

KERRI RITCHIE: Outside, the search for bodies continues. Emergency workers have given up hope of
finding any more survivors.

ANGI WETZELL, SAMOAN RESIDENT: It wasn't a shock to see a dead body, but probably the state of the
bodies is what's more shocking.

KERRI RITCHIE: Officials fear whole towns have been destroyed on outlying islands and hundreds of
people remain missing. Aid is coming in from Australia, New Zealand and the United States.

BARACK OBAMA, US PRESIDENT: On behalf of the American people, I want, once again, to extend my
deepest condolences to the people of American Samoa and Samoa for the terrible loss of life and the
devastation that took place after the recent earthquake and tsunami.

KERRI RITCHIE: The devastation on Tonga is only just being made apparent. At least nine people died
there, but authorities have had difficulty getting to affected areas.

Dozens of aftershocks have been rocking the region since Wednesday's tsunami-generating quake. This
afternoon, the most powerful yet: an offshore 6.3 magnitude quake. It's rattled the nerves of
everyone in Samoa.

This is the village of Lalomanu. There were beach huts all through here. This is the place where
most of the Australians died. The body of a 15-month-old Australian boy was pulled out just over
there. Locals are using bulldozers and their bare hands to pull out more bodies. The smell here is

Stunned survivors are now living in makeshift hillside camps and are picking through the rubble for
anything usable.

There's talk that all Samoan victims will be buried in a mass grave. Tonight, 13 members of the
same family are being buried together in this grave. Kerri Ritchie, Lateline.