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ABC News Breakfast -

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Live.

At least eight protesters

killed in Iran, the Opposition

Leader's nephew among them.

Flood warnings in NSW as

communities are caught off by

rising water. Travel delays in

the US, a security review is

launched after a Nigerian man

tried to blow up a

Trans-Atlantic jet. And

Australia hoping to bowl out a struggling Pakistan on day

three of the Melbourne

Test. Good morning. It's Monday

28 December. I'm Joe

O'Brien. I've I'm Michelle

Fonseca. The top story on ABC

News Breakfast - reports from

Iran say at least eight

protesters have been killed in

violent clashes between anti-Government crowds and police.

The nephew of former Opposition

candidate Mir Hossein Mousavi

was among four killed in

Tehran. While the others died

in the northern city of Tabriz. Iranian State television is

reporting that police arrested

300 people during the

protests. Earning motor cycles

on the streets of Tehran. They

appear to belong to the militia

who use them to charge crowds

of protesters swinging chains

and batons as they ride.

Opposition websites claim

protesters have been shot dead

including the nephew of the

losing candidate in June's

Presidential election, Mir

Hossein Mousavi. These

protesters have chanting we

will kill the one who killed

our brother. Iranian police

deny anyone has been killed but

confirming anything out of Iran

is all but impossible. Most

foreign journalist intrns

banned a Iranian media are in

the pocket of the Government.

The State TV did show some

pictures of the protests but

focussed mainly on marking the

religion feast of Ashura. This

is the most serious challenge

to the regime since the Maz qulifive protests that followed

June's Presidential election

but once again the stories been

told to the world through

mobile phone video and the

Internet. These protests would

Since June Opposition not have come as a surprise.

supporters have used

financially sanctioned gathers

like Ashura to keep the

protests going but this has now

been going on for a week. It

began last Sunday with the

funeral of Ayatollah toll. He

was a form er and one of the

few people who could publicly

criticise the regime. Something

billing in country but it's not

clear what it is. These protest

appear to be non-violent and

support for them appears to be

growing. The Iranian Government

now faces the problem of how to

put an end to them without

inflaming the people even

further. In other news, several

properties in NSW are expected

to be cut off today as heavy

rain cons across the State.

Flood warnings are in place for Castlereagh River on the

State's mid coast. Rising waters have also isolated a

number of properties and closed

roots in the north-west of the

State near Dubbo and Bourke. A

70-year-old woman was rescued

from her car yesterday when it

was washed into the hasting

River near the town of Pipeclay. Australians

travelling to the United States

will face extra security checks

after a Nigerian man attempted

to blow up a Trans-Atlantic

jet. Under new temporary rules

passengers could have their

carry on lug ang search prior

to boarding. In the US

President Obama has ordered an

urgent security review into how

the man boarded the flight who

a dangerous substance. Millions

of Shi'ite Muslims around the

world have been celebrating the

religious festival of Ashura.

In Iraq hundreds of thousands

of pill games gathered in the

ecity of car balla. More than

20,000 security forces were

deployed in case of violence.

Earlier in the day a bomb

killed four pilgrims in Iraq's north-west and in

Pakistan-controlled Kashmir, a

suicide bomber killed five

people at a Shi'ite mosque.

It's exactly a year since the

start of Israel's three week

offensive on the Gaza Strip in

which around 1400 Palestinians

died. Rallies have been

organised in Gaza to

commemorate the conflict. UN

Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon

says more must be done to

repyre the damage caused by

Israeli military action. Mr Ban

says Gazans are being denied

basic human rights and in

Pakistan thousands of morn urs

have marked the two year

anniversary of the death of

former PM Benazir Bhutto.

People gathering outside the

Mike Hussey heum were anger

when security. The turnout was

in stark contrast to the hundreds of throud who flocked

to the grave on the first

anniversary. Her widow,

President Asif Ali Zardari has

seen his approval ratings plum

yet in recent months Philippines authorities

are worning thousands of

evacuees that a massive

eruption of the Mayon volcano

is still likely. Seismic

activity has decreased in the

past few days and some

residents have move back to

their homes inside the danger zone. Up close the potential of

a major eruption seems all too

real. As the pyroclastic ash

cloud boils out from a vent at

the base of the volcano.

Kilometre ace way the volcano

appears benign. With these

golfers more concerned about

lowering their handicaps than

the threatening potential of

the mountain. Volcanologists

say manage Ma continues to

build up inside the throat of

Mayon and the lull in activity

could be followed by a bigger eruption. Lowering the guard

regarding this quietness would

be dangerous The number of

earthquakes generated by Mayon

peaked at more than 1870 in a

24 hours period. It's now down

to about 400 quakes every 24

hours. I would expect that

current ly the higher level of

unrest and those calmness seems

to be calmness would only be

short lived and it would still

see some continued explosions

in the coming days. Residentles, some who

have spent up to two weeks in

evolcano aches theres are

becoming frustrated.

Authorities say they should not

be misled into thinking that

the danger period has

passed. Tran This woman says

it's sad because tear not in

their own homes but maybe they

can still enjoy new year's

celebrations with their

friends. In 19le #8 4 there was

a fur day lull before Mayon's

sudden big eruption. No-one

knows how long it will take

until the all clear is given

this time around. In India the

south-eastern State staff pra

fra of Andhra Pradesh is in

turmoil. The gufr Governor has

resigned after a TV station

aired a video allegedly showing

him engaging in group sex. His resignation comes on the fourth

day of strikes by protesters

calling for the State to be

split to create a new state of

Telangana. Governor ND Tiwari

is used to the spotlight, but

this time his career may be

finished. A local TV station

broadcast a video allegedly

showing thele f-year-old

Governor in a compromising

situation with three women. One

day later he resigned. Citing

health concerns.

TRANSLATION: Until a decision

is made with respect to allegations leveled against

him, he doesn't want to hold

any post. Sex scandal aside the

Congress party is still

faceling a major problem in

Andhra Pradesh. 13 other state

ministers have resigned in

Cabinet in recent days

protesting against New Delhi's

backtrack on forming the new

stator Telangana. To bring

pressure on our head command,

we all submitted their resignation. The President of

one of the largest separatist

parties began a hunger strike

early this month. It ended with

his hospitalsation. But he's

pushing for more strike

action. We will never go

back. Political analysts say

the creation of Telangana would

fuel unrest and separatist

demands in several other States. Education is something

many of us take for granted but

in Papua New Guinea it's a

privilege that some children

can only dream about. But an

Australian woman has taken it

upon herself to teach the

children this one of Port

Moresby's notorious

squatterment ises. Every school

day the kids in this town walk

to the grandly named children's

university of arts and music.

For a while, they can forget

about the violence, crime and

poverty that surrounds them.

The school was set up by Lydia

who moved from Australia to

live her with her pangian

husband. The former chef was

appalled to find most of the

local kids didn't go to

school. Most places you talk to

children and they talk about

when I grow imUN I'm going to

be a fireman or a doctor or something, these children

don't, they don't have any

dreams, they've not been taught

to dream. It's in the heart to

do something about it. That's

why we're here I I suppose As

well as music and arts the

children are taught reading

writing and maths. They also

learn about human rights and

gender equality. I can spell my

name. ROB full stop... Change

children. They can now speak

English and read and all those

things, it's a good change for

the children especially. The

school doesn't receive any

Government funding and has

survived through donation and

fund raising. Plans are under

way to make it financially

sustainable but building a

kitchen that will supply to two

cafes and give local youths

training in hospitality. People

are starting to feel pride

within their community whereas before this has been considered

the worst place, terrible

reputation. In only a year

things have come a long way

since the school opened with no

pencils or paper. And now to

the front pages of the major

newspapers around the country.

The 'Australian' says a new

regime of even tougher airport

security is expected after a

man tried to blow up a flight

shortly before it landed in

Detroit. The West Australian

reports that airports worldwide were on high alert last night

with travellers to the US

facing new measures including

fall body pat downs. The

'Sydney Morning Herald' says

security at Australian

aeroplanes was tightened

dramatically yesterday . Victorian Premier John Brumby

has been accused of misusing

taxpayers' money on a

pre-election advertising blitz

reports the 'Age'. The 'Herald

Sun' says authorities believe

crime gangs are using pensioner

and unemployed to launder dirty

money through casinos. The

'Daily Telegraph' reports

learner drivers from Sydney are

sitting their tests in country

town believing they have more

chance of passing there. Le the

Adelaide Adelaide says the town

of Milang is the forgotten victim in the drought

crisis. Two passengers planes

almost collided in Australia's

northern air space the

'Northern Territory News'

reports. Economist predict the

Australian economy will

continue its fairytale recovery

next year says the. The

'Mercury' says Tasmania's hotel

industry has called for tighter

controls over ID processing because under-age revellers are

getting better at faking

identification. And finally,

the 'Courier-Mail' reports

Australia is on the verge of a

dem graphic tsunami with the

first wave of baby boomers becoming eligible for the age

pension from next week. If

you'd like to send us your

feedback - The top stories on ABC News

Breakfast - witnesses in Iran

say at least eight protesters

have been shot dead by the

police during anti-Government

demonstrations including a

nephew of the Opposition Leader

Mir Hossein Mousavi. Iranian

State television is reporting

that police arrested 300 people

during the protests. Several

properties in NSW are expected

to be cut off today as heavy

rain continues across the

State. The SES says it's

received almost 150 calls for

roof leakages and minor damage

to homes. US President Obama

has ordered a review of air

security measures after a

Nigerian man tried to blow up a

Trans-Atlantic jet on Christmas

day. Australians travelling to

the US will face extra security

checks under new temporary

rules. Australians are in debt

like never before. For the

first time the amount of

household debt has risen above

the country's GDP. And the

average debt is worse here than

in the United States the home

of the credit crisis. But there

are mixed views from economists

on what dangers lie in living

in the red. In debt but

undeterred. From the post

Christmas push and shove at least, owing doesn't appear a

problem. I think most people

tempbtly my generation 30s and

40s, would be livingon their

means It will accumulate but I

think I'll pay ut off in in a

few disglars figures from the

Reserve Bank have Australians

household debt at $1.2

trillion. The first time that's

above GDP. We are carrying more

debt than we ever have inory

history and households in

particular are carrying

virtually five times as much

debt as they were back in

1990. 90% of the debt is in

mortgaging the rest is split

between credit cards and other

loans. Adults now average

$74,000 of debt well above the

average income and above the

average debt in the US. Some

blame the first home owners

grant. It was just a guarantee

that mortgage debt would be

drive yep up but of course the

fact that it's cracked the 100%

makes it rather

significant Significant but not

trasic. It would only be a

major problem for the economy

if you had a combination of

much higher interest rates,

much higher unemployment and/or

a big fall in house

prices. Shane Oliver points out

that only a third of Australian

houses are mortgaged. And

Australia's default rate is

just 0.6%, one tenth of America's. Even though debt

levels are high in Australia,

Australias seem to be happily

servicing their mortgages, not

necessarily happily but they

seem to be having in trouble in

making their payments. The new

black it seems is red. In other

finance news, Japan has

approved a record trillion

dollar budget to help it rekafr

from the economic crisis. The

Japanese Government says the

money will be used to improve

social welfare and cut public

works spending. The Government

predicts its economy will grow

by 1.4% next year, its first

expansion in thee years. But

the organisation for economic

cooperation and development

warns Japan's public debt will

soar to more than $200% of GDP

by 2011. We'll take a look at

the markets now -

Returning now the flood

warning in NSW And rising

waters have already's layed a

number of propertiesor closed

roads in the north-west of the

State near Dubbo and Bourke.

For more we're joined by phone

from Phil Campbell from the NSW

SES. Phil Campbell, can you

bring us up to date on which

areas are affected and which

communities are at greatest

risk this morning? We had some further very heavy rain

overnight, particularly up in

the Tweed valley on the far

north coast of NSW. After minor

flood warning has been issuing

for that river for community of

mur will ba, we've also had

some heavy rain in the

catchment of the Hastings River

on the mid north coast. We are

expecting minor flooding and

this evening in the community

of Settlement Point. We've had

heavy falls of rain yesterday

afternoon, of around 140mm

around Bendourin on the Castlereagh River and that's

likely to led some minor

flooding and moderate flooding

downstream of coo Namble

overnight and into coming days while individual communities

aren't at risk of this flooding

we do have some quite

ex-tensive rural isolation in

parts of north-west NSW and our

principal concern is for the moholidaymakers and travellers

in the area who may have decide

to engage in water sports along

flooded refuse rivers or who

may get themselves caught on

'causeways or on unsealed

roads Let's begin with those

tourists for a start. What are

you advising people in areas

that are at risk of flooding to

do? For those people who are in

areas that are subject to both

the flood watch and flood

warnings that are around we are

asking that campers and

holidaymakers relocate to

higher ground. They keep a eye

on river conditions, they aoi

by a also the instructions of

emergency services to move.

We're also asking that they

don't engage in any water

sports in these rivers as

conditions can be extremely

hazardous. For those people who

are travelling around and many

people will be returning from

their Christmas break today, we

are asking them not to drive or

ride or walk through these

flood wears. We did have the

flood rescue of an elderly

gentleman from floodwater on

the mid norts coast last night

and we are urging people not to

get into these floodwaters as

they can be much deeper and

faster flowing than they look

and deliberate entry the leading killer of people during

flood events. You've talked a

bit about the communities who

are experiencing some minor

flooding. It does also sound

like this are many communities

who are on the verge of perhaps

some flooding. Can you tell us

a bit about some of those communities? The main community

we're concerned after is the

town of coo Namble on the

Castlereagh River. We do have

some 3 500 people. At this

stage, the concern is more more

if rural property owners

downstream of that. Once the

river goes past that community,

it spreads out into a very wide

flood plain, that the result in

the isolation of quite a number

of rural properties and we'll

will asking those property

owners to ensure they have

sufficient food, fuel and of

course medicine and other

supplies to ask to last them

about five to seven days. You

talked about the rescue of a

man yesterday from the mid

north coast. How busy have your

crews been a in assists

people? It's been been for us a

relatively quiet event which

has been a good thing. We have

had 130 requests for assistance State wide from the heavy rain

but generally the rain has been

good soaking rain, it has been

very much welcomed by the rural

communities up here, putting in good subsurface moisture ahead

of the winter plantings that

will begin to occur in a month

or so. The rain probably has

been a welcome relief in some

areas of the State. But how

much more do you know is forecast? According to the

Weather Bureau we are likely to

get further moderate heavy

falls in the next 24 hours to

36 hours. In many areas of the

already quite now saturated by

heavy rain. Our concern is that

particularly heavy rain may

bring up some of these rifers

to much more impactful flood

heights. We're working very

closely with the Weather Bureau

to monitor the conditions. We

have our additional volunteer

resources in place including 18

extra flood boats brought up

from Sydney and the Illawarra.

We're well prepared should

wegate more significant

flooding developing in coming

days. Thank you for your time

this morning. My pleasure.

Thank you. And in a few minutes

Vanessa O'Hanlon will take a

look at national weather and

that flooding. And also ahead

we'll have a ve sue of some of

the newspapers. This morning

we'll be joined by Monash

University lecturer Waleed

Aly. With sport and possibly a

bit of cricket here is Paul

Kennedy. Thank you. Welcome

back. Good morning. And we'll

go straight to the cricket now.

Peter Siddle's late wicket yet

taking Mohammed Yousuf's scalp

on the second last ball of the

day at the Boxing Day Test gave

Australia a key advantage and

they'll be trying to bowl

Pakistan out today to have a

strong first innings lead.

Let's look at all the action

from yesterday. Pakistan had

taken more than two sessions to

claim an Australian wick wet

yesterday and it appeared their

day two wait would be

significantly shorter with Nathan Hauritz seemingly short

of his crease. A reprieve for

Hauritz led to a flurry of

boundaries as the night watchman. Hauritz now beginning

to turn it on. And Mike Hussey

powered Australia on. Hussey

pripging up his 50 in the

process with no signs of

improvements in Pakistan's

fielding. Oops. It's a great

shots Hussey looked to ensure

there were only positive headlines for Australian

batsmen but he too fell short

of his century trapped in front

by Mohammed Ajmal for 82

despite requesting a review of umpire Billy Doctrove's

decision. That is the end of Mike Hussey. Hauritz might have

been a little uncomfortable but

the spinner opened the

shoulders and rode his luck

after lunch to bring up his

second Test 50. He's caught

it Not to be outdone, Michael

Clarke got into the action as

Australia put the food down

with the Pakistani players

wishing they could switch aye

leedgeance. Just as Hauritz

loomed as an unlikely candidate

for the first Australian

century of the summer the curse

struck and he was out for 75

after Pakistan successfully

appealed against um peer Rudi Koertzen's not out

decision. That looks out. Ricky

Ponting declaring at 5 for 454-6789 Doug Bollinger made his intention clear from the

first ball of Pakistan's

innings. And after the openers

crawled along at two runs an

over, Imran Farhat fell to

Mitchell Johnson just shy of

the tea break. Luck then

deserted the Australians until Hauritz provided the

breakthrough after two

wicketless hours. Good cricket. Xwrous Yousef wasted

little time upping the run

rate, then Watson removed

Salman Butt for a stubborn 45.

Peter Siddle not the wicket of

the captain with the second

last ball of the day to leave

Pakistan four wickets down and

345 runs behind. There have

been light winds in the

Sydney-to-Hobart yacht race so

the race record is safe. The

boats would have had to reach

ho part in the next couple of

hours but they'll spend a lot

longer on the water and maybe

this afternoon or this evening

they come in. 'Alfa Romeo' is

in front of 'ICAP Leopard' and

the previous four time winner

'Wild Oats XI'. Let's look at

the action from yesterday. It

was an unfamiliar sight this

morning as the yachts made

their way down the south coast

of NSW. After a night of wind

on the nose, 'Wild Oats XI' was

struggling to keep up. A tiny

bit of an edge on us

upwind. The first three yachts

were in clear view of each other. Neville Crichton's 'Alfa

Romeo' had retained the lead

but only narrowly. The British

Maxi 'ICAP Leopard' was further

upshore and making ground. Mike

Slade appeared to be enjoying

himself but as the morning went

on the wind dropped out completely We're almost facing

a shutdown here Even the crew

on calm calm would have been

hoping for something stronger,

for others breakfast was

include z part of the cruise.

The crews await on 'Weight on

Loyal' had his hands full. All

the hard work hit boxer Danny

Green like one of his upper

cuts. By late afternoon 'Alfa

Romeo' had at least enough wind

to fill a spinnaker and it led

its rival base considerable

margin but back in the flood

the battle for handicap hoppers

was wide open. The favourites

including the British yacht

'Ran' weren't faring as well as

expected. 'Limit' was out with

rigging Barack Obamas and it has been a frustrating trip

south for the crew on

'Yendys'. It has been very

light but at least we've got

some breeze at the moment and

we're moving along OK now. The

yachts should enjoy a better

run in Bass Strait tonight with

10 to 15 knot north-easterly

winds expected. We'll go to the

A now. Two matches last night

and one big upset. Sydney was

able to beat Adelaide 1-nil and

went to the top of the A league

table. Melbourne was expected

to make light work of North

Queensland but lost 1-nil to

the underdog and North

Queensland on the bottom of the

table but were able to beat the

top of the table. Let a's look

at both matches starting with

the Sydneyers have verse Adelaide.

COMMENTATOR: Goes for goal,

Steve Corica. 36 years young.

The master craftsman at work

inside the penalty box. Well

Adelaide United will feel a bit

unluck yx space for squap

fouler drives it toward - the

shot was decent, what a finish

by Dahl. Top shelf. Beautiful

weight on the pass but the

touch to set up and he knew

exactly what he was doing, he

needed to get this ball away

from Vargas towards the centre

of the field. They've run out

of time. North Queensland are

famous victory here against the

defending champions, they've

beaten Sydney FC this season,

now they've claimed the prize

scalp of Melbourne Victory and

it was a goal worthy of winning

any game from Dahl.. Last week

we were able to play three

three games in a week. This

week we've trained hard and

it's not just the 11 that play.

The lads have come on and all

added to a great

performance. Robbie Foulter

great import has come and made

a difference there and it was

his cross that led to that goal

and it's great to hear him call

the manager the gaffer.. Adapting nicely to the humidity of North Queensland obviously You've been up there.

I guess you probably know what

the Melbourne Victory - maybe

that's one reason. It's

crushing trying to run or do

anything in that heat up

there. Just with the cricket

yesterday the video ref had a

roll in some pretty critical

decisions. How do you see the

role of the video ref playing

out now. Are people generally

happy with how it's

operating. I don't think so.

There were six wickets that

fell yesterday and four of them

had some role played by the

referral system. It does seem

to take a long time. I think

probably the key thing is the

major drawback is that

sometimes they go to the

referral system and even on the

video you can't tell whether

it's out or not. Nathan Hauritz

was involvehead in a run-out

decision where I appeared on

one hangle he may have been out

but the other angle wasn't

conclusive and later in the

day, that Siddle wicket was

clearly out so that worked on

that occasion, but other times

it's just a little bit of a

circus. I think probably the

umpires themselves would say if

they were able to talk about it

that that's a bit embarrassing

on occasions. Maybe a little

bit, six months down the track,

another 15tor 20 Tests might be

able to work itself out but

Australia in a strong position

anyway. You'll be speaking to

someone about the

Sydney-to-Hobart so I'm going

to are going to try to get a

handle on where they are. And

you'll p able to give us a

first hand account of the

action at the MCG with your

visit there today. Thank you.

ABC News Breakfast can be

watched live on the web from anywhere.

Here is Vanessa O'Hanlon with

the weather with that flooding

in the west and - in the east

sorry and the heat in the west. Good morning Joe. We'll

take a look at some of those

rainfalls around NSW just

before 7 o'clock but with temperatures expected to reach

40 today in Perth we have

severe fire warnings for the

central west, central wheatbelt

ands there gas coin region.

Around the country -

Moisture continues to feed

into the trough that's extending from enland

Queensland through to the NSW

south coast. It's causing

widespread showers and storms,

a second trough over in the

west is bringing some isolated

storms to Western Australia and

hot easterly winds through the

interior but a mostly sunny day

for Victoria and also South

Australia with this high ridge

of pressure.

The top story on ABC News

Breakfast - there have been violent clashes between police

and anti-Government protesters

in Iran. Up to eight people

were reported killed, among

them the nephew of the former Presidential candidate Mir

Hossein Mousavi. He was taking

part in a demonstration against

the leadership of President

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. In Tehran,

when police launched a violent

crack down. State television is

reporting 300 people were arrested.. Burning motorcycles

on the streets of Tehran. They

appear to belong to the

notorious militia who use them

to charge crowds of protesters

swinging chains and batons as

they ride. Opposition websites

claim protesters have been shot

dead including the nephew of

the losing candidate in June's

Presidential election, Mir

Hossein Mousavi. These protesters are chanting "We

will kill the one who killed

our brother." Iranian police

deny anyone has been killed but

confirming anything out of Iran

is all but impossible. Most

foreign journalists have been

banned and Iranian media are in

the pocket of the Government.

State TV did show some pictures

of the protests but focussed

mainly on marking the religion

feast of Ashura one of the

major date option the Shi'ite

calendar. This is the most

serious challenge to the

Iranian regime since the

massive protests that followed June's Presidential election.

Once again, the stories being

told to the world through

mobile phone video and the

Internet. These protests would

not have come as a surprise.

Since June Opposition

supporters have used officially

sanctioned gathering likes

Ashura to keep the protests

going but this has now been

going on for a week. It began

last Sunday with the funeral of

this Ayatollah. He was a form

prot jadge of the former

Ayatollah andwise one of the

few people - and was one of the

few people who could criticise

the regime in public. The

Iranen Government now faces the

problem of how to put an end to them without inflaming the

people even further. Let us

know what you're thinking about

the issue Das. It could be the

situation in Iran that you've

just heard about, airline

security, or cricket for that matter.

Several properties in NSW are

expected to be cut off as heavy

rain continues across the

State. Flood barn warnings from

in place for the castle raeg

and the hasting River, rising

waters have already isolated a

number of properties and closed

roads near Dubbo and Bourke. Australians travelling to the

United States will face extra

security checks after a

Nigerian man attempted to blow

up a Trans-Atlantic jet. Under

new temporary rules, passengers

could have their carry on

luggage searched prior to

boarding. In the US, President

Obama has ordered an urge gent

security review into how the

man boarded the flight with a dangerous substance. Millions

of Shi'ite Muslims around the

world have been celebrating the

religious festival of Ashura N

Iraq hundreds of thousands

gathered in the stoif Karbala.

More than 20,000 security

forces were deployed. A bomb

blast killed four till grims in

Iraq's north-east and in

Kashmir a suicide bomber killed

five people at a Shi'ite

mosque. In Pakistan, thuds of

mourners have marked the two

year anniversary of the death

of former PM Benazir Bhutto.

People depaterring outside her

angered when security officials pr vented them from entering

the building and praying at her

tomb. Her widower President

Asif Ali Zardari has seen his

approval ratings plum net

recent months. And it's exactly

a year since the start of

Israel's three week offensive

on the Gaza Strip in which

around 1400 Palestinians died.

Rallies have been organised in

Gaz ra to commemorate the cop flikts. UN Secretary-General

Ban Ki-Moon says more must be

done to repair the damage

caused by Israeli military

action. In comments bast posted

on the UN website Mr Ban says

Gazans are being denied basic

human rights. The Indonesian

Government is considering

banning tours of Jakarta's slum

areas. The Government believes

the tours exploit the poor but

tour organisers say local

people are benefitting from

outsiders seeing how they live

their lives. Along the railway

line in Jakarta some of Indonesia's poorest people eke

out a living. It's a stark

display of poverty that few

outsiders ever witness But for

past year one tour giefd has

been taking paying visitors on

guided walks through areas like this. They're like it because

they can see the people and

they can talk to the people and

then after that they can help

the people. Jock Palfreeman

runs a community charity and he

says half of the $50 he charms

each tourist goes to the

people. The rest is to cover

costs. He's been getting advice

from the Australian

Government's aid agency AusAid

but the Indonesian Government

is threatening to shut down the

tour because it says it's

exploiting the poor. The tour

guide though seems to have

local support. It's good, they

sometimes give us food for the

children and it gives us some

work this woman says. It would

be better for the program to continue. The tourists don't

feel like they're taking

advantage of people either. You

come here and people might

think it's weird but it's quite

eye opening to come here and

have everybody want to meet you

and want to know your name and

want to shake your hand and

it's rather warm experience No,

Government official has been on

the tour and Mr Poluan says

they should see what he Telstra

for themselves before making

any decision. We've got some

breaking news for us coming

through at the moment on AP,

this is in the wake of that incident that we've been

talking about this morning of

that Nigerian man being

arrested after allegedly trying

to explode a device on board a

plane that was to land in

Detroit and now we've got a

second incident. Ittars that a

second Nigerian man has been

arrested and taken into

custody. Details are still a

bit sketchy but from the

reports coming in it harps the

man locked himself in a toilet

and of course that caused the

alarm bells to go off with the

crew, they alerted authorities

when the plane landed safely in

Detroit and the man was taken

into custody. And everyone got

off the plane safely. And we'll

have more details on that story

through the morning The

Sydney-to-Hobart yacht race

field led by favourite 'Alfa

Romeo' is making its way slowly down Tasmania's east coast

today. To for more Jonathon Gul

joins us from ho part. What's

happened overnight? Overnight

pretty much the same way it's been since the start of the

race. The New Zealand Maxi

'Alfa Romeo' is leading the

way. It's opened up a 30

nautical mile lead over its two

closest rival, 'ICAP Leopard'

from the UK and the four time

winner and prerace favourite of

the event, 'Wild Oats XI'. In

the handicap race,, it's the

NSW boat ?Midnight Ramble

ers' And what have conditions

be been like

overnight? Conditions have been pretty calm overnight tflt

leaders are now making between

20 knots. That's a very big

increase on the p to 4 they

were making yesterday so the

speed has increased a bit but nothing compared to challenge

the race record. And there's

been a bit of a debate over

crew numbers this this morning. Apparently 'Wild Oats XI' was

carrying fewer crew than 'Alfa

Romeo'. How has that had an

impact on what's happened with

the race I don't know if it has

impacted the race all that

much. That will probably be

sting that will play out after

the race finishing and what

race officials decide to do

from there on in, but I don't

think it's really impacted the

race so far Has the rest of the

neat been catching up with the

Maxis at all or are they

extending their lead over the

rest of the fleet? Absolutely

not. It's definitely aries of three at the moment. The three

leaders have just made their

way past the north-east erp tip

of Tasmania as you said.

They've still not about 19 # 0

nautical miles to two to ho

part. It will take them most of

the they. 'Alfa Romeo' is due

in Hobart at about 7 o'clock

tonight. That will be nearly a

few 12 hours after the race

record, that passes at about 20

to 8 this morning, so it's been

very slow going over the past

24 hours. And what's the

atmosphere town there in Hobart

like? As I'm probably you're

aware from what's going on pe

hind me, there's no action

whatsoever because 'Alfa Romeo'

is due in at 7 and the two

chase boats after that aren't

even due in till after midnight

tonight. At least you won't

have to be there at 2 o'clock

in the morning. I'm guessing

you're pretty happy that it

will finish around 7? I'm very

happy it's going to finish

around p. Getting out of bed at

about 4 :30 this morning was

hard enough but no, I think the

2 axe shift is definitely going

to go to somebody else. Thank

you for that. It's not an xagation to say that 2009 has

been a year like no other in

Australian politics. The

economy took the nation on a roller-coaster ride, the

Opposition too was in a

constant state of flux.

Starting the year with one

leader and ending with

another. It was the year that saw aslyum seekers back in the

spotlight along with a public

servant named Godwin Grech.

Looking back on the year in

politics here is our Canberra

correspond Melissa Clarke. A

buzz of activity in the Cabinet

room proved the financial

crisis was merely warming up in

2008. The first weeks of 2009

saw the raising of a second

stimulus package. All 4 #

billion dollars of it. And the

political battle lines were

drawn. Dog and cats may well be

in receipt of this money. The

PM has at fist reluctant to use

the R word? This Government

will never haul up the white

flag on the inevitablity of

recession . But by early March

he'd changed his tune. The

global economic recession makes

it inevitable that we'll have a reinvestigation in

Australia. Cash was par

splashing, school buildings

were booming and Government

finances for so long in the

black were awash with red ink..

Temp Ireland Government

deficits are necessary The May

budget restreeld nation would

be debt until 2015-16 and that

the deficit would hit $57

billion next financial

year. This budget is forged in

the fire of the most

challenging global economic

conditions since the great

depression. By jien the

national accounts brought a

glimpse of green

shoots. Australia is the only

advanced economy as of today

not in recession. By year's

end, the return of rising

interest rates and skills

shortages confirmed the crisis

had passed. Always inflammatory, controversy over

boat arrivals returned to the

nation's shores once more. The

issue quite literally exploded

in April when a boat carrying

Afghan aslyum seekers blie up,

killing five people and

injuring dozens. The boat's

kept coming and in October, the

PM intervened, asking Indonesia

to stop a people smuggling boat

with 2 60 Sri Lankan on

board. Please take us to your

country, it's OK if it's not

Australia. It's better if any

other country takes us. We

can't live in Sri Lanka. A week

letter, the Australian customs

ship the 'Oceanic Viking'

rescued 78 aslyum seekers and

with it a new stand-off. Only

resolved after four weeks and

an offer to fast track their

refugee processling. Then there

was the publicer is haven't who sparked the extraordinary

political trama known as the

Ozcar affair. The initial

contact I had with respect to

John Grant was from the PM's

office. Godwin Grech's evidence

implied the PM and the

Treasurer had used their

positions to get financial help

for a political donor and then

ms led parliament about it. Malcolm Turnbull smelt blood

and went for the kill. If the

PM and the Treasurer cannot

immediately justify their

actions to the Australian

people, they have no choice but

to resign. The Government smelt

a rat and the AFP was asked to

investigate. Mr Grech's home

was searched and bf long police

confirmed an email at theator

of the investigations was

flawedent. This purported me a

email is fake, it is

facialtion. Godwin Grech turned

out to be a Liberal

supporter. They've got a lot of

questions to answer about their

relationship with the Treasury official and how much pressure

they put him under. Malcolm

Turnbull's attempt to bring

down the Government had

backfired. One regres ever

having met Mr Grech. His

support in the polls

collapsed. I could have sworn I

was witnessing the ghost of

Mark lathian, the jaw jutting

out, all the fake aggression,

all the machismo. All the we're

going well. It was the

beginning of the end of Malcolm

Turnbull. A former leader and a

feared rival, bowed out of

politics. It is just possible

that both sides of the despatch

box are happy with the

announcement that I have

made. In their departures,

Malcolm Turnbull should have

got the clear air he

desperately needed. It wasn't

to be. A date with policy

destiny loomed on climate change And he staked his

leadership on it. A party with

no ideas which is what some

people are suggesting we should

be is not the party I am

prepared to lead. The Coalition

backed negotiations on the

Government's Emissions Trading

Scheme, $7 billion worth of

concessions came out of it I

think we've got a very good

package. But a divided party

room bickered over what to do

next. After a seven hour long meeting Malcolm Turnbull

detected party room support. I

am the leader and I have made

the call. His opponents

wouldn't accept it, a wave of

frontbench resignations as

orchestrated. A challenger

reveal himself, another

prepared to and Mount the

privacy of party room secret

ballots a 3-way lip contest

producesed a unexpected

victory. The final tote was won

by Tony Abbott. With 2009

produced plenty of milestones

for the Government, the new $h 3 billion National Broadband

Network was announced, the last

vest indigenouses of

WorkChoices was erased from the

statute books after lengthy

negotiations and court patles

the Federal Government took

control of the town camps in

Alice Springs and both sides of

politics united to apologise to

the forgeten Australians. Sorry

for the physical suffering the

emotional starvation and the

cold absence of love of

tenderness, of care. But there

were low lights too. The Defence Minister Joel

Fitzgibbon was forced to resign

after a series of dramas.

Relations with China soured

after an Australian mining

executive was arrested in

Shanghai over espionage and

Britishary allegions. It had to scrap the Grocery Choice

website, an election proms and

$8 million down the train. Its

I believe housing initiative

failed to build a single home

in 18 months, despite millions

being spent. And the eight year

war in Afghanistan took a

hefever toll on Australia's

military forces. Two years down

but there's still much more if

Government to do in 2010. There's unfinished business

with health reform, moves

towards a bill of rights and a

route and branch review of the

tax system while crafting a

third budget and then there's

the small matter of an

election. You're watching ABC

News Breakfast. The top stories

- witnesses in Iran say at

least eight protesters have

been shot dead by the police

during anti-Government

demonstrations. Including a

nephew of the Opposition Leader

Mir Hossein Mousavi. Iranian State television is reporting

that police arrested 300 people

during the protests. Several

properties in NSW are expected

to be cut off today as heavy

rain continues across the

State. The SES says it's

received almost 150 daul for

roof leakages and minor damage

to homes. There's been a second

security sar on board a

passenger plane in destroit. A

second Nigerian man has been

taken into custody after

reportedly locking himself in a

toilet. The US President Barack

Obama has ordered a review of

air security measures after a

Nigerian man tried to blow up a

trans Atlantic jet on Christmas

day. For a look at the national

papers today we're joined by Monash University lecturer

Waleed Aly. Good morning. How

are you? I'm well and it's

exciting because it's the ebb

ob end of the year and there's

no news. Trees a bit around? For the silly season

it's not too bad. I'll start

with the 'Australian' because

they have gone to town on the

attempted terrorist attack on

the plane headed for Detroit.

It's really ex-tensive courage

so well worth a look if you're

interested in the issue. I'm

going to looking at the

editorial that thaefr published

just briefly but really all the

coverage is quite integrated.

One issue is the concern that

Yemen is emerging as a major

hotspot for the breeding of

international terrorism. This

is something that people have

been concerned abin the past

with Pakistan of course and

Afghanistan before that and if

Yemen is emerging and there's

been some talk about it for a

while, but this open up another

front. Another point that needs

to be considerside whether or

not this particular person Umar

Farouk Abdulmutallab was

radicalised in Nigeria or in

Britain. He'd been studying in

Britain for three or so year,

done an engineering degree

there. Precisely what the site

of his radicalsation was but

the 'Australian' picks up on

the failure of intelligence.

Not so much a failure in

airport security although

that's what will be beefed up immediately. It's the question

really about why was this

person allowed to get as far as

he did? Just listen to the list

of things that the 'Australian'

cites. This man was listed on a

US intelligence data base of

550,000 people with suspected

terrorist connections. Maybe

the fact that teefrs half a

million might be the problem

but nonetheless he was listed

there but he was not on a no

fly list. His father became so

worried about him that he

contacted the US embassy in

Nigeria. That's right. His

father was very concerned about

his increasingly strident

religious views and views

about... And warned the US

embassy which apparently didn't

pass it on and he after having

studied in London was refused a

visa to re-enter Britain

afterwards. Although he didn't

really register to much on

MI5's radar and they didn't sur

veil him. All together, it's a

concern Several systems have

broken down. The question is -

were the concerns sufficient

enough to put him on that more

dangerous terror list? That

that - clearly though it seems

he should have been. The clix

of the no fly list in the past

has been that to bloated that it captures just about everyone. I would have thought

if you're going to run a

bloated list - and there are

major problems with doing that,

it topped the # million name

work not that long ago - but if

you're going to do that there'd

better not be any holes in it

because there's nothing worse

than having a really bloated

list and insuffer. There seem

to have been warning signs here

that were missed. I don't think

we're witnessing any new or

ground breaking or radical with

this particular attack unlike

some other previous attacks

where there have really been

developments. The terrible

failings in airport security

too. This man was carrying

taerpgous substances. If the

bells go off when we carry nail

clippers on board, how did he

get on board? This is the something about airport

security. Often it work

precisely as it should.

Terrorists however know what

those measures are and cumdom

one measure of circumstance

couple venting. He was carrying

small untraceable amounts in

his underwear. Bear in mind

that terrorist groups do

respond to these sorts of

things but the issues here

seems to be one of

intelligence There are still opinion pieces coming through on what happened in

Copenhagen? In one I fund quite

explosive in is in the 'Age',

it's actually carried from the

Guarden in the you can. I

should indicator that this man

was an as I sizer to the

Maltese President. He issing

can out again those blaming

Barack Obama for the failure at

Copenhagen saying that it was

really China's fault That they

- it seems he's accusing them

of deliberately sabotaging any

agreement He doesn't seem to

have any particular vested

interest in that? He wasn't

independent in the sense that

he was with the mall Deaves but

even so I don't see why he'd

favour China over the US. The fashion has been to blame the

US particularly on the part of activists group bus listen to

what he suggests. He suggests -

he says having been there and

seen it, that if Chinese

Premier did not go into the

room for the negotiations which

meant he had to sent an under

ling which held up everything.

China was the one that insisted

on targets from industrialised

country which were previous

agreed at 80% being removed

from the deal and the German chancellor Angela Merkel said,

"Hang on, shouldn't we be

allowed to set what our targets

are?" And the idea that peak

emissions would be at 2020 was

changed to being as soon as

possible. Again at China's request and apparently nobody

else really apart from a

handful of countries wantid.

This is a pretty explosive

allegisation. I don't know if

it will go any further but it

seems something that could

become very, very serious in

the world of geo

politics. We've run out of time

but you did want to talk about

cricket and I did notice that

Peter Rowbuck made a nice

connection between cricket and

Copenhagen when he said Watson

and Katich had the same level

of negotiating skills that the

Copenhagen nelgtors did. That

apparently is the most exciting

thing about this Test match

which we lament disgrp thank

you for joining us. With a very

brief look at weather here is

Vanessa O'Hanlon. Thank you.

We'll take a look at some of

the rainfalls in NSW.

Widespread rain and storms in

the east or Queensland, showers

further to the west but a dry

day about the far west with 28

degrees in Brisbane. NSW,

you've got severe thunderstorm

warning and flash flooding for

north and central west slope

and plaining s.

This program is not subtitled This Program is

Captioned Live.

At least eight At least eight protesters

killed in Iran including the

Opposition Leader's nephew. Flood warnings in NSW

as communities are cut off by

rising water. Another airline

security scare in the US, two

days after a Nigerian man tried

to blow up a Trans-Atlantic

flight. And Australia hoping to

bowl out a struggling Pakistan

on day three of the Melbourne on day three of the Melbourne

Test. Good morning. It's Monday

28 December. I'm John Brumby

squb. And I'm Michelle Fonseca.

The stop story - reports from

Iran say at least eight

protesters have been killed in

violent clashes between

anti-Government crowds and

police. The nephew of former

Opposition candidate Mir

Hossein Mousavi was among four

killed in Tehran while the

others died in the northern

city of Tabriz. city of Tabriz. Iranian state

television is reporting that

police arrested p00 people

during the protests,. Burping

motorcycles on the streets of

Tehran. They appear to belong

to the notorious militia who

use them to charge crowds of

protesters swinging chains and

batons as they ride. Opposition

websites claim protesters have been shot dead including the nephew of the losing nephew of the losing candidate

in June's Presidential

election, Mir Hossein Mousavi. These protesters are chanting

"We will kill the one who

killed our brother." Iranian

police deny anyone has been

killed but confirming anything

out of Iran is all but

impossible. Most foreign

journalists have been banned

and Iranian media are in the

pocket of the xwut. State TV

did show nom pictures of

did show nom pictures of the

protests but marked on Ashura.

This is the most serious

challenge to the Iranian regime

since the massive protests that

followed June's Presidential

election. And once again, the