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(generated from captions) This program is captioned live. Tonight - the atom bomb dropped. Hiroshima remembers the day seven Russian submariners. The race against time to rescue the State's abalone industry. Poaching and disease threaten offers Australia hope. And another Warne wonder ball Joe O'Brien with ABC News. Good evening. in Hiroshima 50,000 people have gathered the first use of a nuclear weapon. to mark the 60th anniversary of on Nagasaki The blast, and a second attack

bringing World War II to an end. were credited with died in both attacks But more than 200,000 people died since of the after effects. and tens of thousands more have Shane McLeod reports from Hiroshima. North Asia correspondent to Hiroshima's Peace Park - From early morning, they came to those who died, some to pay their respect their own experiences. others relived

We shed tears in the Peace Park to talk about, and it's difficult who experienced it can understand. since only the people

as a result of the Hiroshima blast. More than 140,000 people were killed multi-denominational tribute This service is a to the dead. for the official commemoration Tens of thousands gathered

the bomb was dropped drew near. as the exact moment BELL CHIMES TRANSLATION: Today's the day of the victims of Hiroshima we inherit the commitment and achieve world peace. to abolish nuclear weapons his country's commitment to peace. Japan's prime minister reaffirmed

country to come under atomic attack. TRANSLATION: Japan is the only Nagasaki should never be repeated. The tragedies of Hiroshima and is also facing criticism, Japan's government with claims the country's pacifist constitution. it's preparing to water down their call for disarmament. Peace activists have renewed

As Hiroshima marks this anniversary, in the United States archive documents released of the bombs in ending World War II. are shedding more light on the role They quote a then Japanese minister, the excuse to surrender. saying the bombs gave Japan debate continues to rage 60 years after the bomb was dropped, nuclear weapons was justified. over whether the use of Shane McLeod, ABC News, Hiroshima.

who dropped the bomb The surviving crew members they did the right thing. have no doubts about whether to Hiroshima believes The man who guided the plane he actually saved lives and would do it again. correspondent Mark Simkin. The ABC's North America most popular tourist attractions - It's one of Washington's the plane that obliterated a city. changed the world. Six decades ago, the 'Enola Gay' over military target Hiroshima, ANNOUNCER: At 08:15 on August 6 Bombardier Major Ferebee took over. He was about to drop the atom bomb. single bomb fell towards its target. The crew watched and waited as a had concluded it was a dud I think almost all of us

than we expected it to. because it took a little bit longer

in the airplane, Finally, you saw the bright flash in the airplane. like a photographer's bulb going off on the 'Enola Gay'. Dutch Van Kirk was a navigator that the bombing was a war crime He angrily rejects claims and that Japan was a victim. We were fighting a war. to win a war than to kill people, I don't know of any other way unfortunately. over the Enola Gay's legacy. 60 years on, there's still a battle responsible for a nuclear nightmare In Japan, the plane is seen as of people. that killed hundreds of thousands In the United States though, saved lives by helping end the war. the plane is thought to have or regrets, Dutch Van Kirk has no doubts should never be used again. but he also says nuclear weapons They never solve anything. We can't solve it with a rifle, with a nuclear weapon? how can we solve it the plane that dropped the bomb, While people are queuing to see consider the devastation it caused. it seems that few people want to a special exhibit, This museum is running are disappointing. but visitor numbers Mark Simkin, ABC News, Washington. of the Hiroshima bombing The 60th anniversary was also marked in Sydney. the tolling of bells. The commemoration started with BELLS TOLL marched through the city. Later, several hundred people of Hiroshima A survivor told of the horror was on the future. but the main focus of the rally is a time of awfulness, The anniversary of Hiroshima that we should be morbid. but it's not a time It's a time to say never again. APPLAUSE international disarmament. Other speakers also called for has announced tough new measures Britain's Prime Minister Tony Blair to combat extremism. of several organisations They include the banning under which people can be deported. and extending the grounds reports. Europe correspondent Jane Hutcheon

of the July 7 bombings In the tense aftermath a fortnight later, and a second failed attack to outsiders who promote hatred. Tony Blair delivered a warning

The rules of the game have changed. from abroad, If you come to our country don't meddle in extremism, or get engaged in it, because if you meddle in it you are going to go back out again. Mr Blair announced tough rules to: In addition, two Islamist groups - have been banned. Hizb ut-Tahrir and al-Muhajiroun in several European countries. They're already prohibited the Prime Minister said In another controversial measure, human rights laws he was prepared to amend

returned to countries so that deportees could be of torture or ill-treatment. even when there was a possibility he faced an uphill legal battle. Mr Blair acknowledged in the months ahead, I'm prepared for those battles and completely determined but I'm also absolutely to make sure that this happens. about the Prime Minister today One of the most troubling things our higher courts. is that he was almost goading

deport people to face torture. He was almost saying "I'm going to going to have a go "Let's see if the courts are "in the current climate." to go on his summer break, As the Prime Minister prepared he said politicians could be recalled to parliament next month to debate the new proposals. Even in the current climate of fear, such provisions are likely to arouse fierce debate.

Jane Hutcheon, ABC News, London. The Federal Government has been urged not to go too far next month when it sits down to discuss new counter-terrorism measures here. Muslim leaders say the summit should be expanded to include them, but the Government has rejected the idea, saying it won't be a public forum. Since the London bombings, the Federal Government has taken its lead from the UK on counter-terrorism measures. But unlike Britain, it's decided against a ban on the hardline Muslim group Hizb ut-Tahrir. It has not been an organisation which has been brought to my attention under counter-terrorism laws for proscription. Next month, state and territory leaders will meet to consider tougher terrorism laws. On the agenda - a national identity card, the longer detention of terror suspects and increased security on trains and buses. But the Government has been warned that strengthening anti-terrorism legislation could backfire.

If we're not careful, we're in danger of heading towards a Stalinist police state once you start issuing national ID cards, randomly stop and search people and their bags. That's exactly the sort of society the terrorists are seeking to create.

Terrorists will understand what the legislation does and doesn't do

and will work around it as much as they can. You can never have 100% security. But the Attorney-General says Australians are entitled to expect the Government will do all it can to protect them, even if it constrains their individual freedoms. In relation to rights there are no absolutes. Rights are often the subject of balancing. Muslim leaders want to be included, saying it would be counter-productive just to have politicians and police. If you discuss this matter with the politicians only, you're going to come up with some draconian legislation which is not going to solve the problem, but it might even aggravate the situation and incite violence. The Attorney-General says next month's summit is not a public forum and the Government will continue to work closely with the Islamic community. Rebecca Barrett, ABC News. Time's running out to save seven Russian sailors trapped in a mini submarine off Russia's Pacific Coast. They've been told to preserve oxygen, but many Russians are pessimistic, remembering the Kursk disaster five years ago. Moscow correspondent Emma Griffiths reports.

The Russian AS-28 submersible was designed to rescue others.

Now, one of its own is in trouble. A submarine - similar to the one shown here -

is trapped nearly 200m below the surface. Military officials say its propeller became entangled with fishing nets sometime on Thursday. Russian ships have been desperately trying to raise the submarine, sweeping the area with anchors and attaching a tow rope. Overnight, they successfully moved the vessel 60m, but that's not enough to save the seven men on board. Britain, Japan and the United States have been called in to help. They've sent more submersibles, hoping to cut the trapped mini-sub free. I think that it's all very much in the lap of the gods. I would like to say that we can definitely do it. What worries me is that I know we are running out of time

because I know there is a shortage of air on board the Russian rescue vehicle right now. There've been conflicting messages from Russian authorities about exactly how long that oxygen supply will last. According to some, it could run out within hours. This accident has eerie echoes of the Kursk disaster. Five years ago, almost to the day, explosions on the Russian nuclear submarine

killed all 118 crew members. Then, authorities were accused of a cover-up and rejected international assistance. Russians will be hoping that this time the rescue efforts succeed. Emma Griffiths, ABC News, Moscow.

Thousands of people have attended funerals for the victims of a shooting rampage by an Israeli soldier in northern Israel yesterday.

The biggest gathering was at the funeral of two sisters, shot dead by the man on a bus near their home town. MOURNERS CHANT AND CLAP RYTHMICALLY All four of the victims were Arabs. The shooting outraged many Israelis

who have repeatedly condemned similar acts by Palestinian terrorists againt Jews. The gunman was killed by an angry mob after the attack. The space shuttle 'Discovery' has left the international space station and is bound for home. The 'Discovery' and the space station separated without any problem late this afternoon. COMMANDER EILEEN COLLINS: 'Discovery' to station, we have physical separation. MISSION CONTROL: Houston copies. Undocking confirmed. The crew spent last week resupplying the space station and repairing damage sustained during the launch. Earlier, the nine crew members of the 'Discovery' said goodbye to their hosts of the last week. They now face a nervous re-entry to the Earth's atmosphere and are due to land at the space centre in Florida on Monday. Millions of Tibetans this week are celebrating one of their most significant religious festivals. The week-long Shoton Festival marks the end of summer and starts with the spectacular unveiling of a giant portrait of Buddha. China correspondent John Taylor reports from the Tibetan capital. In the light of early morning, the monks at the Drepung Monastery are getting ready. Since the 11th century they've carried the weight of the Shoton cultural and religious festival. The important Tibetan event

sees the brief unveiling of a giant portrait of Buddha.

Tens of thousands of Tibetan Buddhists from all over China have come to watch. "It's very important "for everyone to participate in this religious event. "It's held once a year and everyone has come to pray," this Tibetan girl says. The portrait is carried to a special platform on the mountain. Pull by pull, it's revealed. Even monks take photos. Finally, Buddha is on the mountain. "By viewing the portrait of the Buddha, "we will learn from his deeds," this monk says. "We will make everyone around us happy "and make the world become more peaceful," he says. Tibetan culture and religion is closely monitored and controlled by the Chinese Government

which views it as a threat to its authority. But today's events are a sign that belief is a powerful thing. John Taylor, ABC News, Drepung Monastery, Tibet. Divers claim that a combination of disease and poaching has brought the NSW abalone industry to the point of collapse. The government has closed most of the coast to licensed fishermen in a bid to increase stocks,

But the fishermen say that just makes it worse. Once considered a $20 million a year export market, these days the abalone trade in NSW is barely surviving. Nearly half the coastline has been closed to divers for years, quotas have been cut and poaching is alive and well. The commercial sector has been shut out of that area but the poaching is rife, it's running rampant. Sights like this are common along the coast. Thousands of shells are dumped by poachers, the abalone sold for up to $100/kg on the black market. We're also like coppers on the beat. When we're working there in the flat weather the illegals don't turn up, so by shutting us out they actually exasperate the problem. Denis Luobikis has been in the industry for 35 years. Now he and his son say both may be forced to give it up.

And if this continues I don't know what the future is for the industry. The area from Ulladulla down to the Victorian border is now the only fishery for abalone in NSW. The only problem is the 42 divers are now being forced to fish in the one spot. The State Government says the parasite called perkinsus is affecting stocks

and the fisheries must be closed until studies are done. But former research scientist with the department, Duncan Worthington, says that's the wrong approach. In other fisheries the industry is actually managed, so that abalone potentially with infections of perkinsus are removed from the water, rather than being left in the water as they are in NSW. And he says letting fishermen back into harvest the abalone is the only way the NSW industry will survive. Sarah Clarke, ABC News, Eden. Australian doctors have developed a new device to treat severe incontinence. It works like a pacemaker and is about to undergo clinical trials in Melbourne. It's not a topic that people feel comfortable talking about, but for many men and women, incontinence is an unfortunate fact of life.

Urologist Dr Helen O'Connell wanted to create a device

for those patients who had failed all other treatments. It works like a pacemaker. What we are doing is harvesting a graft of someone's tissue, wrapping it around the urethra and then supplying it with an electrical impulse

to get it to act as a sphincter, or a closing device. The patients wears a box with an external switch, so they can turn it on and off when they need to. When the patient wants to urinate, they turn off the device - that relaxes that piece of muscle and then enables them to go ahead and pass urine naturally. David Holland has battled severe incontinence

since having an operation for prostate cancer three years ago.

He'll be one of the first to try the device. I'm quite keen to be involved because I think it would have significant benefits for me. This new treatment may offer a significant advance for this type of patient. If these patients get a marked improvement in their level of continence, then, obviously, that will result in a marked improvement in their quality of life. Animal studies have shown the device works well. The human trial will start next month. Sophie Scott, ABC News. Wildlife authorities in Western Australia have rescued a baby whale which became entangled in ropes in King George Sound, off Western Australia's south coast.

Its rescuers say the whale would not have survived without the mercy mission.

Wildlife authorities received the call that a newborn humpback whale had swum into a mussel farm - the calf was so badly entangled in mussel lines, that it had no chance of breaking free. It seemed to have swum into the line of rope with its mouth open and panicked and rolled and in the rolling it's wrapped its head and its body. While that was a challenge in itself, the whale's 40 tonne mother was hovering close by, keeping a watchful eye on her baby. A whale rescue team was rushed from Perth, four hours away, to King George Sound near Albany. Racing against fading light and a protective mother who could become agitated and attack, the team moved swiftly. Release the grapple, throw line, end of wire on the throw line and we need those two big inflatable buoys pretty well straight away. Floating devices were placed on the mussel lines to stop them from sinking and pulling the whale underwater. Watch the tail, we're right next to it.

Lines had not cut into the whale's flesh, but it was starting to get fatigued. With light fading fast, the team worked quickly. Got one buoy off! In just over an hour, the baby whale was freed and swimming back to its mother. It's gone.

The whale is expected to make a full recovery. Sandra Seman-Bourke, ABC News. England holds the upper hand after day two of the second Ashes Test at Edgbaston. The home side has an overall lead of 124 runs after Andrew Flintoff and Ashley Giles took three wickets each.

But Shane Warne struck an ominous blow in the final over. England had worked its way into a dominant position but with the light fading, Shane Warne delved into his bag of tricks to ensure the home team didn't sleep easily. CROWD CHEERS COMMENTATOR: Amazing! It's gonna be tricky. You know, Warney's getting the ball to go a lot.

He's gonna be a handful, but if we play him well you know, we hope to get a decent lead and put you guys under pressure. England's pace bowlers proved more of a handful than their Australian counterparts. Extracting life from a previously docile pitch, a Matthew Hayden golden duck gave England early impetus. Gone! CROWD CHEERS The game's free-scoring pattern continued. Ricky Ponting cruised along to 61 before an innocuous departure. That's out! Oh yes, top edge - that's a big wicket Giles has struck. Inspirational fielding from captain Michael Vaughan removed a sluggish Damien Martyn. That's close. Gone! Michael Clarke looked comfortable before edging Giles on 40.

He's got 'im!

That's a top-class bit of slow bowling. Justin Langer was at his defiant best, but Simon Katich didn't keep him company for long. Langer eventually succumbed to Simon Jones on 82. Good, quick bowling. Oh, he's got him!

The much-maligned Giles had the satisfaction of removing the Australian spinner. England dismissed the rest of the tail before the unbeaten Adam Gilchrist could do much damage. Its first innings lead was 99. I think the great motivating factor for us is that it could be, it would be a sensational Test victory from here. And if Warne can produce more deliveries like this one, get back into the game. Australia may be able to towards a top four finish St George Illawarra's march of the North Queensland Cowboys. has gathered momentum at the expense by the Dragons, The home team was outshone who scored six tries to three. against the Warriors. Tonight, the Eels returned to form a silent pre-game tribute The Dragons held of club legend Robert Stone. to the passing last week was rendered speechless But the Cowboys crowd a red-hot St George-Illawarra side. by the blazing start from crossed three times The competition's form team in the opening 15 minutes. Creagh's got it down. COMMENTATOR: Stretching out the arm, into mistakes North Queensland was panicked by the Dragons and was accordingly punished to forge a 22-0 lead. who used their big men Tries before and after half-time

fanned the flames of a Cowboys comeback. The Origin connection of Johnathan Thurston and Matt Bowen showing their attacking genius.

That's what they can do! Just as their confidence was swelling, the Dragons surged again - the game out of the Cowboys' reach. another trio of tries putting allows the Dragons The stylish fourth consecutive win into the top four. to leapfrog the Cowboys Matt Bowen A hip injury to strike player compounded the home side's pain. We'll rebound, you know.

We've got a good football team here at different times tonight, and we just had a bit of a lull particularly our start. the Eels, Another top-four team, ventured across the Tasman faced a do-or-die mission. where the home side with a steady start The Warriors staisfying fans that yielded two tries. the sort of creativity Parramatta showed a real premiership contender. that's made it pass gifting Luke Birt a try double Timana Tahu's over-the-shoulder before half-time. and scoreboard edge The Eels gained a psychological after the break ensuring with Wade McKinnon's try to dig deep to save their season. the Warriors would be forced their finals hopes alive The Western Bulldogs have kept over West Coast at the MCG. with an upset victory The Bulldogs won by 43 points, Adelaide continued its good form,

St Kilda defeated Geelong. and last night, are in contention Clyde Rathbone and Brendan Cannon returns to club rugby today. for a test recall after strong beat Canberra, Cannon's Sydney University team West Harbour and Warringah had wins, Manly drew with Easts, Southern Districts. and Parramatta accounted for appearance for Rathbone and Cannon This was a rare club rugby the opening Bledisloe Cup Test. but a vital one, just a week from with an achilles tendon injury Cannon's been out

line-out display but a near-faultless a problem area for the Wallabies. could help what has been MAN: Rehab's gone really well -

of physiotherapy, I've had nine weeks and some conditioning work. some massage work for the last month of the Super 12 Just battled away since the Super 12 finals. and obviously haven't played A knee injury to Wendell Sailor for the Wallabies, means a vacancy on the wing and judging by today's performance,

the man for the job. Clyde Rathbone could be COMMENTATOR: Unbelievable. Clyde Rathbone. Put it down to one man's strength - on his comeback from a knee injury. Rathbone looked sharp In Brisbane club rugby, on a point-scoring spree Elton Flatley went of concussions and a calf injury. on his return from a series second game in three months. Flatley was playing just his He and Matt Giteau are candidates at fly-half for the Wallabies. to replace Stephen Larkham The team goes into camp tomorrow. The Tri-Nations continues, the All Blacks at Cape Town tonight. with the Springboks against The Melbourne Phoenix record 15-game winning streak has ended the Sydney Swifts in the National Netball League. on the ladder, The Phoenix cemented second spot while Hunter defeated Perth.

who sang arias to her customers A gumboot-wearing flower seller for a new Australian musical is the inspiration which opens tonight. in Sydney's Martin Place Rosie Shaw was a fixture for more than 40 years. * A dear man - courteous... * (Geraldine Turner sings) For Geraldine Turner, in a swag of imported musicals, the singer who has starred has been a rewarding experience. portraying the life of Rosie Shaw in a homegrown musical She's the central character to bring to the stage. that has taken 10 years like hearing Australian accents I think Australian audiences on stage. They like seeing our stories. around Rosie Shaw, The story revolves outside the GPO in Martin Place. a flower seller She had travelled to Australia in the 1930s from East London with dreams of being a star. to be an opera star So she comes to Sydney

and ends up selling flowers, what she was looking for. which is not quite she wanted to. So her life didn't go the way with near celebrity, Instead, Rosie made do and passers-by with Italian operas. serenading her customers

* love with him. * (Rosie Shaw sings) For 40 years, she became synonymous with the bohemian phase of Sydney's history

that has long gone. Had to pass Martin Place,

and this extraordinary woman would be singing snatches of operettas... ..and red hair, gumboots... After hours, for Sydney's gay community Rosie Shaw was also a guardian angel

when homosexuality was outlawed. in an era

for being gay in those days People were sent to jail in the magistrate's court and Rosie was always for being tricked by some cop. bailing gay guys out of court until her death in 1971 The musical traces Rosie Shaw's life to her old stamping ground, when her funeral cortege returns Martin Place. Anne Maria Nicholson, ABC News. at the weather. Now let's take a look 19 degrees, In Sydney today it reached that was 1 above the average. Down to -1 at Richmond overnight. Around NSW today - of the warmest spots in the state Grafton in the north-east was one with 22. close to average, Maximum temperatures were generally but they were slightly above average tablelands and the south coast. on the central and southern

the minimum of -9. Charlotte Pass scored in the upper west, There were some very light falls but not enough to register it was cool.

Broken Hill got to just 14. In the 24 hours to 9:00 this morning Newbridge got the the top rainfall with 5mm. In the six hours to 3:00 this afternoon there were no reports of rain. In the capital cities today - Hobart had some showers, Melbourne and Perth were cloudy, Brisbane and Adelaide mostly sunny, Canberra was sunny. The satellite picture shows cloud being driven across Tasmania

and there's low cloud clipping the south-west Victorian and WA coasts in westerly winds. On the synoptic chart,

a high-pressure system sitting over South Australia dominates the continent, driving those westerly winds across the south and sou-westers onto the Queensland coast. Rain tomorrow -

Tasmania can expect showers and isolated storms. Parts of victoria, South Australia and southern NSW can also expect a few showers.

In the capital cities tomorrow - Adelaide - showers. Hobart - showers easing. Melbourne - a late shower.

Brisbane, Perth and Darwin - mostly sunny. Canberra - frost then sunny. Around NSW tomorrow - the north-east can expect a fine and sunny day, getting up to 22 in Grafton again, some early frost and fog inland. In the south-east, the Southern Tablelands may get some isolated showers. Otherwise, it should be fine and mild, with light to moderate west to north-west winds. The south-west slopes may get some isolated showers and there'll be some early frost patches in the lower west. Bourke expecting a top of 16. In Sydney tomorrow - an early frost in the west, then fine and sunny with light to moderate westerlies, a top of 20. The sun will rise at 6:43 Seas will be 0.5metre on a 1.5m swell Westerly winds will get up to 13 knots. And over the next four days in Sydney - continuing fine right through till Wednesday and warming up a little to a top of 22.

And before we go a reminder of tomorrow morning's news and current affairs line-up here on ABC. On 'Insiders' at 9:00, Barry Cassidy will speak to the Prime Minister John Howard. On 'Inside Business,' Alan Kohler's guest will be the Communications minister, senator Helen Coonan. I'll be back at 10:15 with '7 Days' our look at world news over the last week. Captions by Captioning and Subtitling International.