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Gulpilil: One Red Blood -

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(generated from captions) the current crisis began in April, and, for the first time since to try to sort out the mess. all parties are working together The ministers arrived by car the violence first began in April. at the building where They included Ana Pessoa, as interim prime minister. FRETILIN's first choice Jose Ramos-Horta, But it's her former husband, who's expected to get the job FRETILIN to accept the compromise. if the President can convince I leave it to the President, political parties, with FRETILIN, who is in consultation with the that some time this week but I am optimisitic he will agree on a prime minister. of Mr Ramos-Horta, Under the chairmanship to sort out the problems the ministers are expected to pay for fuel to run power, of providing a cash flow water and health services, running again. and to get the public service on looking after They will also concentrate 150,000 displaced people,

to their homes and getting them back if those homes are still standing. also arrived Former prime minister Mari Alkatiri at the Government palace today, the meeting. but he wasn't invited to join asked by the Prosecutor-General East Timor's Parliament has been

to remove Dr Alkatiri's immunity, role in sparking the current crisis so he can be interrogated about his a private militia and in forming and arming his political opponents. to terrorise have moved instead FRETILIN members of parliament the Prosecutor-General's office to try to sideline of recent events in East Timor. in any investigation Peter Cave, Lateline.

the media debate today. The Prime Minister weighed into or a new commercial TV license Not the one about ownership laws controversial reality show but the one surrounding the 'Big Brother'. get the show off air. John Howard said Channel Ten should

has been in hot water before The program of good taste in a spa pool, for pushing the boundaries sexual harrassment over the weekend but is was an alleged incident of for Canberra's brother number one. that proved too much Tom Iggulden reports. What are you gonna do? are you? You're not going to turkey slap me Nah! at the centre of the storm - This was the incident that's Big Brother house-mate Ash fellow house-mate Camilla, allegedly 'turkey slapping' in her face appearing to rub his penis by another house-mate, John. while she's being held down

It's funny though. You guys are mean to me! You're mean! the incident, Channel 10 didn't broadcast but streamed it on the Internet. sexual harassment consultants, After speaking with the program's off the show. Channel Ten booted both men of this incident, BIG BROTHER: As a result from the house. John and Ashley have been removed who drew up the protocols Catherine Lumby was one of those for the house-mates kicked off. before this year's season The protocols were very clear - kind of... make any sexual advance that if you were going to have any or activity towards another person or direct any sexual behaviour you need consent, explicit consent. a really important message And that's to people generally. to be sending to young people - despite the video, But Queensland Police say, to lay charges of sexual assault. there's not enough evidence Channel 10's decision The incident follows of the show last week, to pull the 'Adults Only' version it was too sexually explicit. after complaints Now, the Communications Minister communications and media authority has asked the Australian to investigate breached broadcasting rules. whether the latest incident until tomorrow at the earliest The authority won't report back from weighing in today. but that didn't stop the PM of good taste. I think it is just a question heavy-handed regulation. And I don't like is always saying to me, The business community "Let us self-regulate." Well, here's a great opportunity to do a bit of self-regulation for Channel 10 off the air. and get this stupid program Family First. And he was joined by and degrading and should be pulled. This show is disgusting this season will be the show's last. The Opposition Leader says he hopes prepared to back Channel 10 About the only political leader from the Sunshine State, was the Premier where the show is produced. saying Today, Channel 10 issued a statement by evicting the two house-mates, it had done the right thing and insisting the show would go on. qualified support That stand was given biggest customers. by one of the station's involved broadly Advertisers don't like to get the community with programs that affect in a way which would damage them. entirely fall into that, At the moment, Big Brother doesn't carefully into the future. but it will always be watched Ms Lumby says the 'turkey slap' is appropriate while moral outrage over the entire show, it shouldn't be used to damn frank sexual discussion. which includes that people will use I'm very concerned open sexuality of Big Brother, concerns about the kind of a lot of the kind of conversations which is, you know, in tune with and behaviours of young people - you know - not everyone, but some of them, to shut the thing down. and use that as a way of trying at the centre of the furore, Camilla, the house-mate has been offered counselling. Tom Iggulden, Lateline. To the markets now - of the new financial year which finished the first trading day on a strong note. is up 16 points. The All Ordinaries index gained ground. BHP Billiton and Rio Tinto The major banks strenghened with David Jones shedding $0.05. but retail stocks fell Harvey Norman was also weaker. In the region - climbed. the Hang Seng and the Nikkei In London - the FTSE is up. On the commodities markets - gold is slightly lower and oil is higher. And the Australian dollar is currently trading at US$0.744. Now, to the weather.

A few showers for Sydney, early drizzle in Canberra, mainly fine in Brisbane and tomorrow should be fine in the other capital cities. And that's all for this evening. If you'd like to look back at tonight's interviews or review any of Lateline's stories or transcripts, you can visit our website at

I'll be back tomorrow night so please join me then. Goodnight. Closed Captions produced by Captioning and Subtitling International Pty Ltd

This program is not subtitled CHILDREN SING INDISTINCTLY CHILD LAUGHS (Man speaks in Aboriginal language) (Child replies (Sings in Aboriginal language) (Laughs) (All children sing) MAN: The children are singing, "Come here, crocodile "Big nose, big nose Passing through the mud." (Laughs) ABORIGINAL VOCAL MUSIC (Whispers) That's the tracker. DOG BARKS TENSE MUSIC Yeah. That's him. DIDGERIDOO PLAYS I been working long time now. I done many movies. I don't know how old I am. I think I'm 48, 50. I don't know what year I was born. (Man sings in Aboriginal language) David. for interrupting your dancing and I apologise to the children as well but I've got a surprise for you. Yeah? Right now, on that camera, we are on national television. And David Gulpilil, this is your life! (Laughs) (Laughs) How are you? APPLAUSE Congratulations. Thank you. (Speaks indistinctly) 'THIS IS YOUR LIFE' THEME MUSIC LAID-BACK GUITAR MUSIC MAN: David is...arguably the most experienced and accomplished film actor in Australia. He's been in so many movies over the years. When we were...thinking about who to play the part of Moodoo,

the Aboriginal tracker in 'Rabbit Proof Fence', he was just the logical choice. I don't think any other actor in Australia could have...delivered what David delivered to us. BOY: Hey, tracker girl.

Your dad's bringing Olive back. He catched her.

BABY CRIES EERIE MUSIC Watching David demonstrate to me how a real tracker would operate was...fairly interesting, um, because he revealed a knowledge of the landscape - of rocks, of every blade of grass. It was almost as if...if nature had been disturbed, even minutely, then his acute radar could immediately pick it up. NOYCE: OK, now turn around and step in the same ones. (All laugh) Not as good. Oh, OK. MAN: Outback Twister. Keep going. No, miss. (Woman speaks indistinctly)

If she creates two heels like that. I know that. The first scene we shot with David, and David came to the set, I explained to him the scene and...I could see that he was perturbed by something. I asked him what was the matter. He said, "I can find these kids. I can find them anywhere." It's so easy. You reckon? Yes. Because you leaving... I said, "Look, David, you can't catch the kids, "or we've got no stories." He said, "Alright, OK, it's your film. Yes, boss." I could see that he was frustrated. I tried to demonstrate to him how...they could avoid him, but he just wouldn't accept that. What if she walks backwards?! Backward? That's easy. But once again, he agreed, he acquiesced to my...power. And then, as we were shooting a scene where he's looking down at the...what may be the children's tracks,

I suddenly realised what David was trying to tell me. If he can't catch them, then... he doesn't want to catch them. And I just said, on the spur of the moment, "OK, David, you know they're there now." And Chris Doyle, the cinematographer, brought the camera up, about four seconds later, arrived at David's face and he broke into this incredibly subtle one-thirty second of a smile. MYSTERIOUS MUSIC David was following his own script. What was being communicated to the camera of his internal process was something that even I couldn't completely decipher until I cut the whole performance together.

Because he's so subtle. He's so skilled as a film actor, it has to be magnified for you to see it. And to understand it. Acting me, is a piece of cake... know. That is it. That's it. I live on it. And, uh...because I can't do nothing else. First time I ever act - the film called 'Walkabout' - in my life. FOOTSTEPS RUN ON SAND When I start to make the film, when I start to broadcast throughout the world, and...I became star, you know, the young Aboriginal star, I was starring in 'Walkabout' and then story went forever in newspaper and then journalists came along like ants!

They came in and...and, uh... ..I just...I just... I just tried really hard to...try to talk to them, but I couldn't speak English. You know what I mean? And I cried. I cried, you know. I cried for myself because I couldn't transfer my language to their language. NEWSREEL BRASS-BAND MUSIC NEWSREEL REPORTER: Young Aborigine actor, 17-years-old David Gulpilil, accompanied by his friend didgeridoo-player Dick Bandaloo, arrives in London by Qantas en route to the Cannes Film Festival, in which his film, 'Walkabout', is an official British entry. I landed in England

and I went walk through Buckingham Palace, in England, with Her Majesty Queen of England. I walked on the red carpet many people, I met and... ..I ended up with, uh, John Lennon party. (Sings in Aboriginal language) That song about Marwuyu - Mandipingu country. And Mandipingu land and Mandipingu, the language. I am the Mandipingu. I'm the Dhuwa moiety. My water goanna dreaming. And my sons and children too. This is our songs - songs about our dreamtime, songs about where is promised land. That is Mandipingu. First drop of water... in this road. And the second will be next month. It will be full. All this, it will be green. All this, it will be raining 24 hours... ..for six months... ..and the swamp will cover by the water... ..and the land will change, the nature will grow. Animals will grow. Yeah. So much...will come life again. (Speaks Aboriginal language) (Child sings in Aboriginal language)

GULPILIL: Robyn is my traditional wife. We were promised to each other by the tribal law.

We have many children together. I born across the other side of this Gulpilil river... ..and they named me 'Gulpi'. That's a water...fall there. That's, uh, where a lot of... ..uh, there heaps of ducks and magpie geese and everything. There's, uh, there's... I can see down from the house, look down the valley and the middle there's a river, on the other side there's Gulpi. And my name is Gulpi-lil.

So my name is Gulpilil. VOCAL ABORIGINAL MUSIC My traditional country is over the other side of this river. It's my father's country.

I can't get back there now - the river is growing wider all the time. I can't put the tree across the river now - of course, the tree's too short. I travelled with my father and my mother and my family. And when I was young, it was different. This land was empty. You know, it was beautiful. THUNDER RUMBLES DISTANTLY I could see my people... ..never smoked cigarette, never smoked ganga, never smoked or never had a...grog. There was nothing. Was just the fresh water and...and that's it. And they could walk and live in this land.

And I was with them. And then somebody came and spoiled. HAUNTING ABORIGINAL VOCAL MUSIC

First time I saw white people, I didn't know where they were come from. I thought they was a ghost, all paint up... (Laughs) a white paint. I went to mission school as a child after my mother and father died.

I wandered up on my home. I was a lost child. CHILDREN TALK INDISTINCTLY Ramingining is about eight hours east of Darwin. There are 16 language groups here. We don't like fighting, we don't like trouble-making. So we made the law and now it's a dry community. I the...olden days when David was a young boy and I was so... but younger than David... ..we used to take part in dancing on show days. And there were balandas used to watch the dance,

which one was the best dancing. And then...David was in our group and the balanda people went up and said, "Look, you're a good dancer. We want you to, uh, be in a film."

Before they chose me, I showed them all different dance. Mimi dance, heron, brolga, kangaroo, emu. My dancing skill got me the part. And I was a bush boy. Never speak English. Nicholas Roeg, who directed the film 'Walkabout'... ..he came up and he said to me, "What's your name?" and I said, "Yes." And, uh... ..uh, he asked me for a name and I said, "Yes." And he said to me, "What's your name?" and I looked at him... ..and I said, "Yes." (Laughs) "No, but, what's your really name?" and I said, "Yes!" and then I walk away. I thought I was going to be a cowboy in the movie, like John Wayne. (Speaks Aboriginal word) (Speaks Aboriginal language) FLIES BUZZ I think it was the first time that I'd seen the Aboriginal culture presented on screen as not only, uh, interesting, but dynamically attractive... ..and sexy. The guy was sexy. No Australian director would have done that. It would not have, until then, been culturally possible for us to think, oh, an Aboriginal young man as being, you know, sexually attractive to, uh, a western woman. DIDGERIDOO MUSIC

I was doing a special love dance, but the white girl didn't understand. WOMAN: He has this incredible process

that looks at the camera and sort of...what we call 'acting', but it wasn't acting. He was not...acting. He was sharing a story. He wasn't sort of a...a superstar, or you call it,

like Clint Eastwood or Rambo or...Sylvester Stallone.

No, he was just normal David Gulpilil, so we were proud of him, you know. When he came back, we accepted him and...

..because he took that culture and showed to the western society how Yolngu people used to live. It was enormous boost to Aboriginal people all over Australia. They were incredibly proud of him. They still are today. You go anywhere in Australia with him and blackfellas love him and they love him to death because... ..especially people in my generation, because he gave us the first really positive and strong image of an Aboriginal person on a big screen.

JAZZY PIANO AND DIDGERIDOO MUSIC Let's talk about 'Walkabout'. Uh, 'Walkabout'. You were wonderful. It was beautiful and you moved a gazelle. You're just a... A fantastic performance. Thank you. I've seen it before and I think it's wonderful. FLIES BUZZ

I thought my spirit would come back... ..and I would come alive again for my walkabout... ..part II. He won't take it. Should I see if the rope's still there? No, of course it's there.

Did you eat your breakfast properly? Yes. Nicholas Roeg brought the English aesthetic to the archetypal story about the Aborigines in the outback. The 'lost children' story, the Aboriginal tracker. And the English aesthetic was quite shocking, really. WIND BLOWS POIGNANT MUSIC It represents, in that very classical way, the Social Darwinist theory of the inevitable demise of the native races... ..which was the catchcry of the Empire

throughout the world. People here would like to know why, at the end of 'Walkabout', did you kill yourself? Oh, yeah. I want to know too. (All laugh) I don't know...I don't know why. Um...

Is there an Aboriginal meaning behind that? No, no, no. No? Just...just, uh... Just part of the script, huh? Just a part of the script. I mean, on that, I didn't speak the English in that time. There were virtually no Aboriginal people in film, uh, you know, without playing Jacky Jacky sort of roles. Or, as Justine Saunders used to say, you know, if you were a black woman actress, you were invariably raped in every script. I've had my throat cut, I've been shot, thrown off a cliff... uh, burnt to death. And if you were a black male actor, then, more often than not, you was the black tracker

who said, "Yes, boss. He went that way, boss." And that was it. MELANCHOLIC MUSIC PLAYS MAN: In 1967, there was a film made called 'Journey Out of Darkness'. Now, the authenticity of the film was compromised by the fact that the Aboriginal tracker was played by Ed Devereaux, who was a white Australian, playing this role in black face. And the Aboriginal fugitive was played by Kamahl, who is a perfectly decent singer,

but I don't think has very much connection with the Aboriginal people. Until we leave Arunta country, we'll take turns sleeping. I'll take first watch. The fact that as late as 1967, a film could be made uh, in which the key Aboriginal roles were played by a white actor and an Asian actor, still, to me, is extraordinary. POIGNANT MUSIC Storm Boy lived with the wind and pelican, like bushboy. And I educate him Yolngu way. What's your name?

Storm Boy. You run like a blackfella. (Exhales sharply) Like the wind. I am Fingerbone Bill. You live here with your people? Just my Dad. Mum's dead. ABORIGINAL SONG I did an owl dance. An owl spirit dance. It's like inviting the white boy to the Aboriginal world. LANGTON: That was the film... ..that departed from every other Australian film in which something about Aboriginal people had appeared or in which Aboriginal people themselves had appeared, in as much as the character that David played was absolutely adorable. Thousands of people fell in love with him,

mostly children. And so David became the...the Aboriginal mascot for Australian schoolchildren. You think I look like Aboriginal? ALL: Yeah. Look like Aborigine? Yeah. Real bushman? Yeah. Yeah? SAUNDERS: David has always said he's more of a dancer than an actor. He combines the two, which is wonderful. It's like painting a story. I learnt from Gulpilil when you entertain, you educate and that's what it's about.

Read it. Two, three. (Grunts softly)

One, two, three, four. One, two, three, two. One, two, three, four. I travelled to many places - overseas, all over, teaching traditional dancing. (All whoop, stamp) (All clap) FOLEY: David first rose to prominence as a dancer. You know, people called him 'the black Nureyev'. Uh, and he was just magical see and watch. He used to be very much part of the political scene of the day, a time of great social and political upheaval, not just in Australia, but in the world,

and a particularly dramatic time for the Aboriginal political struggle.

It was during the years from about '67 through to '74 that the greatest political gains that had ever been made by Aboriginal people occurred. And David was very much in the thick of that in lots of ways, you know? There was that moment in time when...when Aboriginal people were going from being forced to feel ashamed of their blackness to turning around and...and turning back against the racists and saying, "Yeah. I'm black. I'm proud. "Proud of being black. Stuff you." FUNKY PIANO MUSIC WOMAN: I think it was his big curly hair and his beaming smile...

..and the fact that he was black and beautiful. I think that was the main thing that attracted me to him at first. But never in my wildest dreams did I ever think that I...that I would have connected to a tribal person. And I just felt that Gulpilil was like a...a spiritual...soul that could be my connection

to finding... you know, um, our culture for our people living in a city life. JOLLY PIANO MUSIC He liked meeting people and he loved interacting with people... a Aboriginal man. But at the end of the day, he would always go back to his homeland... ..because that was his belonging. When we came back from places like Los Angeles, a lot of times he'd go back home

with, um, just a shirt or...or nothing on his...on his back. (Chuckles) Just like he's stripping off. As soon as he gets home there to Ramingining. In the blackfella world, we share everything. Everything is ours. In the whitefella world, it is private property and everything belong to someone else. Everybody have something that they can share with each other. So you learn that. If you leave, go away, then come back, you learn very easily that the watch on your hand belongs to your uncle if he wants it, or your older brother. There is a hierarchy of rights too.

And everything, all the money he makes, would have belonged to everybody. Without insulting David or anybody, I...I think David's ability to understand and manage money would be the same as our ability to understand and manage a ceremony. When I get paid from film, I share with my family. That's what I do with money. And different if I would have stayed in Sydney or in Hollywood. It would have been different. You know? I could be million-dollar man or I could be $50,000 a day over, work on a movie. I don't know. Maybe I'm worth $2,500 a day. I like acting...uh, with professional people,

like Richard Chamberlain or Mel Gibson or... Yeah. I like Mel Gibson. People like that are sort of sharp and quick,

you know what I mean? Not just... (Moans weakly) Oh, no, no. Not like that, you know? (Yells) What?! NO! No, no, no, no, no, no. You've gotta be really quick, you know? And, uh, you know, and go like that. 'BONEY' THEME MUSIC

I've done a lot of television - 'Boney' series, 'Homicide', 'Matlock' police. I did a lot. No, no, David. No! (Breathes erratically) Don't, David! It was an accident! (Breathes erratically) He just stopped breathing. I didn't mean to kill him. David, please! David! DRAMATIC MUSIC David's raised in that traditional Aboriginal knowledge system, where he has that very fine, spooky ability to read the landscape, which is, of course, why film-makers are so attracted to him. Mick? They see the stereotypical Aborigine. TENSE MUSIC (Whispers) Mick? (Exhales) Oh, Mick, you frightened shit out of me.

So I ought to, mate. Sneaking up on a man when he's rendering first aid to a lady. Ah. Is that what you were doing? Oh, it's alright. It's a mate - Neville Bell. Sue Charlton. G'day, Sue So what are you doing wandering round out here, Nev? I'm on my way to corroboree. It's a bloody drag. But still, my dad get angry if I don't show up. You see, Nev's a real city boy, but his dad's a tribal elder. Oh, no. You can't take my photograph. Oh, I'm sorry. You believe it'll take your spirit away. No. You got lens cap on. (Both laugh) After Crocodile Dundee, it just cut. There was no filming, no script for me. Not even a tour. There was nothing.

I feel bad. I thought I would be an international star by now. But...big name, no blanket. The only time I saw a whitefella chairing, like blackfella, they left me out. It was...noticeable that...uh... there were relatively few films - ..I mean, hardly any films made - uh...on indigenous subjects. There were one or two, um...but... and that David...was not...visible. And, uh, that was certainly a loss, I think, for the Australian cinema at that time. I'm not a millionaires. I'm not a rich. It's nothing. Look at this billy can I'm drinking cup of tea. I got no luxury house behind me. That's mud behind there. You want to see how... You want to know how many crocodile live in that water? I'll show them around there after. Because that's true. Because that's true and 'Crocodile Dundee' is bullshit.

You call that 'Crocodile Dundee'? No, no, no. This is 'Crocodile Dundee' river here. I'll swim 'cross. And I'll eat him too. INTRIGUING MUSIC

MIKE WILLESEE: The Aborigines saw some bubbles and went in to catch what they said would be a goanna. I really wanted to go in, to cool down. But I was afraid of the crocodiles. Is that a crocodile?

Come on, Michael! Come on! Come on! (Speaks excitedly) With David's urging, I changed my mind. I just kept saying to myself, "They know what they're doing." And David's mood really was infectious. What Mike Willesee didn't know was that there really was a crocodile in there. Come on! Come on! (Whoops loudly) (Chuckles) But we didn't tell him. Come on! The more people in the water, the less chance that croc will get me first. (Laughs) Goanna! We got goanna! Goanna! Michael, here. I've been waiting for the Government to give me a house. A lot of promises. So I had to build this, my house, myself. Had to go down the rubbish dump, get the sink. But bone-dry, this sink, now. When the first white man came, they offered us this...iron. Box of tea leaves... ..and all that.

And that reason why I probably haven't... RUBBLE CLATTERS LOUDLY ..probably haven't detoured for a long time.

So I'm an independent...

..and, uh... ..I always think that I done a lot of work, a job, for the people. And people didn't turn back and pay me back. I done a lot for the people. I done A LOT for Australia. I done A LOT for the outside world. Why? Because I've got a culture and language - one red blood. Who am I? God made me, left me here on the earth. Well, I am here to share with you my culture and language. And this is where I live - in a poor country. In Arnhem Land. (Children chatter)

We're...we're going up to town. We'll have a... We'll have a meeting there and see how we go. Alright. I'd just like to explain a little bit about what I know from David. I've travelled with him round here for a while, and it's a hard country. And, uh...just the adversities they face. He's out here, and everyone thinks the Aboriginals are all getting Government funding

and all the rest of it, and they're not. I couldn't keep up with the logistics of what he's got to do every day. Water, you know? That's a major mission, to go and get water. Get the bucket, water bucket... Food - it's a real problem. You can't just run off to the store.

If you' to push-start a LandCruiser first thing in the morning, it takes a lot out of you. There's not much more you can do. It's extremely hot, you know. Food doesn't keep. Nothing keeps. You know? You can't cart a Kelvinator around with you. So they need to be able to go out and hunt from areas. There's so much land out there, you know? From flood plains that are like the Serengeti in the summertime now to five foot of water, swamp in the wet season. ENGINE CRANKS AND SPLUTTERS FEEBLY No. (Laughs, speaks indistinctly)

(Laughs) Push-start. ENGINE CRANKS AND ALMOST STARTS Foot flat. Put the foot down. 60 bucks worth of diesel to get out to catch two kangaroos and come back, you know? And if you don't break an axle on your LandCruiser, you're lucky. OPPRESSIVE MUSIC MAN: This was the most foreign country I'd ever been to. And I've been to a lot of countries, but here in our own backyard, I had the least amount of cultural things in common with that place and the least amount of information about it

and the least...amount of connections to it in any way. It forces you to reassess how you think about these things and how you think about the person who comes from there and who lives there as a normal way of living. Rolf de Heer come along... ..and he offered me this script... called, uh...'Tracker'. He offered the first time that movie role, and he said, "You will be starring in it." Which I never, ever done before. WOMAN: And action. We should stop and have a rest. Too many blackfellas around here, boss. We'd better keep moving. (Rolf speaks indistinctly) Alright? Yeah. You look great. (Exhales nervously) (Sighs) Trying to get the energy back. Make not David Gulpilil now, for this second, for a moment. When the camera rolls... (Breathes deeply) ..I'll be someone else. Action. WOOMERA SCRAPES ALONG SPEAR And cut, thanks. It is very hard learning lines. I only speak English when I come to the city. And I have to get up early - 5:00 to 6:00 - to get to the location every day. HAIR CLIPPERS BUZZ

I've got to look the same all the times in this movie. For this 'Tracker', the movie I'm in. So this is the woman - she make...make-up for me. Everything gotta be perfect, and I wear clothes... every day, every morning. "I want your gun, boss. You'd better give it to him." Then he goes, "No, I'm not doing that," and then you grab him and talk good English.

"Listen carefully. You will do what I tell you to do. "And you won't do that I don't tell you to do." "You won't do ANYTHING." "You won't do anything that I...don't tell you to do. "That way, you will survive."

(Slowly) "Give the man your rifle." (Mumbles indistinctly) You know? Yo. Good.

When we're, uh...together on a film set, I'm his valet, I'm his confidant... ..spear, Arnhem Land spear and Central Australian spear. We work together traditionally as much as possible. So David's culture, it's all family-orientated

and it's family business and it's family culture. You don't have anything to do with total strangers. Whereas in our culture, you leave your family at home and everybody can deal with strangers and get your job done. So there's a big difference there. It's really important to have a fire, somewhere where everybody can sit around and they get the spirit of the fire. We had extras from Alice. It was important to get a fire for them. And then they're all happy and they can relax and they feel comfortable. EASYGOING CONVERSATION DE HEER: I went to Ramingining and stayed there for four days - not so long. There are people there who were alive - who are still alive today - who were there at a time when there were massacres happening, OK? And they've survived those. But that's how real that is, that connection is, to David. Move! By God, I'll whip you if you don't get moving! WHIP CRACKS REPEATEDLY GUNSHOT I SAID MOVE! David has been absolutely critical to both...representing Aboriginal people in modern Australia... the cinema - which is, after all, the biggest art form in the world -

um, and also, in his own ironic and charismatic way, undermining the stereotypes that were forced on him. He's a tremendously important person to us, culturally. You'll probably hang. (Chuckles) Yes, boss. Poor blackfella. Been born for that noose, eh? Too right.

(Laughs) (Both laugh hysterically) (Gulpilil speaks Aboriginal language) (Children yell and laugh excitedly) I like going out to bush here, up to in the river. I enjoy myself, because... In town, there's too much pollution, a little town. Different. But in here, I can just hear the birds. DISTANT THUD Ah. Someone's at the door.

This our tea here. Wild snake. Wild snake, they from, uh... here, in the swamp. Swamp. (Chuckles) Big snake. ENGINE CRANKS FEEBLY ENGINE SPLUTTERS (Both speak Aboriginal language) (Gulpilil speaks Aboriginal language) MAN: First time I saw David on the screen, then I said, "Ah!

"That's my cousin up on there... on the screen now." Well, then...and I thought, well... He made my...spirit, sort of, rise, and I thought, "Oh, then maybe one day, "I will become...a film star or...a lawyer "and have a good education, go to college...and all that." SUSPENSEFUL MUSIC NOYCE: During the rehearsal period for 'Rabbit Proof Fence', when we were trying to prepare... our three untried actors to be movie stars, I was having real trouble with the eldest girl, the 12-year-old, Evelyn Sampi, from Broome. I think that she was just afraid, filled with fear of failure. So when David arrived in Adelaide,

I took him aside and said, "David, I need your help. "I need you somehow to connect with this young girl. "I need you to fill her with confidence." (Woman laughs) Ooh, good one, that. (Laughs) Now, I came all the way down... from Arnhem Land, here for you one, two, three, and the little one. So, we got to do this... This is our films. You know. Not his films. I know he's directing it... (Girl laughs) ..but WE'RE gonna be playing in this movie. We're gonna be playing, eh? You want to play in the movie? Yes. What this is, it's your turn now, and you gotta pass on that. ATMOSPHERIC ABORIGINAL MUSIC MAN: People will ring up and want to know if David can come for a casting, and I...say, "Well, if you want him for a casting, yes, "'re probably talking about a 2-day trip at least." We had one of these jobs for a television commercial that required travelling overseas. seemed simple, you know - bring him down to Sydney, and...I was going to accompany him on the plane to...Spain. Well, it wasn't quite that simple. His passport was at home. That meant flying from Alice Springs to Darwin, overnighting in Darwin, getting a light plane out to Ramingining. From there, he had to get a vehicle, drive across the Arafura swampland to the river. The river's crocodile-infested. No boat. David swam across the river, walked then several kilometres to his house, got his passport, came back, swam back across the river with his passport in his mouth,

got in the car, drove back to Ramingining, light plane to Darwin, flight from Darwin to Sydney, where he met me. All smiles, ready to go. "I'm ready." That was...quite something to go through for a quick overseas trip. Letter from John Cann. Read this one for me. (Calls) Trevor! Trevor! Can you read this letter for me, please? I don't know what is it say. White man's language. "Your yearly membership to Artists Technologies is up for renewal. "Artists Technologies recently implemented "an online payment facility "which allows members to pay their annual membership..."

They just want you to pay the fee. What? How much?

Artist's fee. Artist's fee. Yeah. We'll have a look.

We've got $5.50 GST anyway. We've got to give that to the Government. $60. So, $65.50 plus postage and handling, they've got you for.

Yeah? Yo. That's so you can be an actor. (Snorts) I'm an actor, alright. Better off real life out here, eh? Yeah. I don't want that. I'll burn that letter. We thought they were bills, didn't we? WOMAN: Ramingining was a great place to live. We lived a pretty traditional life.

Um...I'm...blown away at times by how...generous people were to some...strange white woman that came in from outside and landed in their midst. Why would they bother with me? That sort of thing. But I was just taken into the family very quickly and...a very slow process

of learning how things are done and why things are done. They didn't have any great expectations of me. We had some...really good trips into town. Uh...David used to go in every year for the Queen's Birthday celebrations. He has a great respect for the Queen and he'd get an invitation every year. He's got an Order of Australia. So we would dress up - tuxedo, medals - off to the Queen's Birthday afternoon luncheon

at Government House. Yeah, that was fun. Bush man, eh? Dressing up in a suit. Wow. I like it. For the premiere, we'll put this one on.

And then when you've finished the premiere, you can put this one on. For the... What about the Hilton? For the Hilton. This is for the Hilton. Different colour. Getting my Order of Australia Medal, and I want to look properly. Perfect. I feel good! Look at that Aboriginal flag. I feel good... Where?! Where?! Where?! Oh, yes! Yes! I'm happy, see? I'm happy. I'm a little bit nervous. That's right opposite the Hilton. That opposite the Hilton, eh? Far out. CROWD CHEERS

AUDIENCE CHEERS AND APPLAUDS WILDLY (People cheer) (Growls mock-fiercely) (Trevor laughs) Billy Tarzan. David Tarzan. (Boy laughs) David! Nice shooting, brother. Well, um... You got that with a spear, didn't you?

Yes! Yes! Yes! Yes, we did. Look at that. Hey! Nice shootin'. (Laughs) We got it! We been spearin'! (All speak Aboriginal language) You know, the first time I ever smoke weed - Bob Marley in Diamond Head, Waikiki, USA, Hawaii. I'm smoking marijuana, just like everyone else is smoking in the world. I drink beer, just like everyone else drink beer. And, uh...I drink whisky... ..uh...I buy cigarette... ..uh... ..biscuit, caviar, no worries. I done all that, but. You brought it into our world. When, uh...when balanda brought it into our world, so we still using it. Even, I'm wearing the clothes. But...before balanda came to this country, it was nothing like this. It was nothing like this. (Exhales) Now get out, you ignorant bastard! He's with me! Don't you ever hurt him. He's with me. (Whispers) Trap. Trap. Well. Been nice drinking with you. Aye! (All laugh) When you consider that he was only a very young...youth

in 'Walkabout' and 'Storm Boy', the culture of the film industry in the '70s certainly revolved around alcohol, and David's significant mentors were John Meillon and Dennis Hopper.

(Yells maniacally) Dennis Hopper really was mad and wild. Like Mad Dog Morgan. We had some pretty crazy time together. Recently, when he spent, uh, time in Berrima, at the court hearing, they...said, "Were you drunk?" It was something like this - "Were you drunk?" And David replied to the magistrate, "No, Your Honour. I only had six cans." As far as he was concerned, and a lot of his peers, you're not drunk unless you've had a slab or something. I like living in both world. I like being in my home. But these two lives have also spoiled me. On one hand, that I can live as free in my world... ..and the other hand, in the Western world, that I have to pay the rent. That's why I like to go out to bush and disappear. White man's world and the blackfella's world... ..well, uh... Other side of the world, you've got to have all the whitefella things -

then in the blackfella world, you'll have nothing! Just your spear and woomera! "Where is your get-up-and-go?" Hey? Finished.

Whitefellas - oh, too much junk! But that's alright. I like it.

I got two truck there, running around the countryside. You know, like? (Gulpilil and others speak Aboriginal) When I'm at home, I have many responsibilities. Today, we are travelling to Maningrida for a young boy's circumcision ceremony. PERCUSSIVE MUSIC (Speaks in Aboriginal language) camera. Video camera. (Speaks in Aboriginal language) We have been given special permission to film the Marndayala ceremony. It has been passed down from generation for thousands of years. No outsiders have ever seen it before. (Keens loudly) (Continues keening) BUSY CHATTER The ceremony goes all night until early morning, and the young boy will be circumcised before sunrise. Tom Djumburbur is the owner of the Marndayala ceremony, the one walking in the middle. (Man sings) (Other men join in singing and tapping boomerangs) I went through this ceremony when I was a boy.

Now I will lead the initiation man to welcome the boy to manhood. (Women whoop) (Men continue tapping and singing) CLAP STICKS TAP PEOPLE CLAP IN TIME WITH CLAP STICKS (Men sing) LEAVES RUSTLE PERCUSSIVELY

(Men sing) We are the brother and sisters of the world. Doesn't matter if you're bird, snake, fish or kangaroo.

(People speak Aboriginal language) INTERVIEWER: Is everyone happy? Yeah, everyone happy... MAN ON TV: One, two... ..the family...and the children, and they say, "Wow," you know. Ready? One! They proud of it, and, um... they believe in me too. Yeah. ABORIGINAL DANCING ON TV (Woman shouts excitedly) ETHEREAL ABORIGINAL MUSIC

Supertext Captions by The Australian Caption Centre (Woman sings) Ta-ta! CHILDREN SCREAM EXCITEDLY This program is not subtitled

All around the world, hidden in museum storerooms, are the fossil bones of animals most people never knew existed. They belong to a group of creatures that rivalled the dinosaurs in size and ferocity. Now, Walking With Beasts has brought them back to life. We will reveal the incredible story of how they dominated the Earth. They...are the mammals.

Surprisingly, the first mammals appeared on Earth at the same time as the dinosaurs. But the dinosaurs quickly took over, and during their 160 million year reign, the mammals made little impression. The first mammals would have looked like shrews or mice. They were tiny creatures, so small that if you find the fossils, they are minute compared to this. If you look at the tiny jaw, this is a complete jaw of one of the early mammals. And you can compare the jaw sizes. If you rebuilt its body, it would be the size of one of T Rex's teeth. The mammals looked destined for obscurity, but they were dealt an odd stroke of luck. 65 million years ago, the Earth encountered a few problems. It was the end of the dinosaurs. A few groups of animals struggled through this Armageddon, and the mammals were among them.