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(generated from captions) Ted Quinlan And the ACT's Treasurer

the Legislative Assembly in March. has announced he'll quit for eight years Ted Quinlan has been an MLA and says its time for a change. And that's the news to this minute.

Commonwealth Games baton's journey. the first leg of the We'll leave you with

It's being tracked by satellite suburbs of Sydney to Melbourne, on its journey from the western via the rest of Australia. The '7.30 Report' is next, with a news update at 8:30pm. and I'll be back From me, goodnight. International Pty Ltd Captioning and Subtitling Closed Captions provided by

This program is captioned live. Welcome to the program. On the eve of Australia Day

the gauntlet to history teachers. the Prime Minister has thrown down about 1788 and all that. Time to teach students, he says, with the 7.30 Report this year, In his first interview that too few Australians know John Howard says how the country came to be federated the franchise was extended to women. or the process by which We'll hear from the PM shortly, not historical ones, but it's recent events, in the Coalition tonight. that are causing pain The prime ministerial reshuffle, De-ann Kelly which saw Queensland National dumped from the ministry, has enraged not only her own party, for Herbert, Peter Lindsay, but has provoked the Liberal Member new line-up. into criticising John Howard's ignores Queensland He says the revamped ministry and is too Sydney-centric. As for the National Party, it's still reeling has described as a "betrayal". from what leader Mark Vaile Julian McGauran from the Nationals The shock defection of Senator to the Liberals. on a day of Coalition discord. Matt Peacock reports

Until this week, Senator Julian

McGauran was hardly a household

name. But his defection if the

National Party to join the Liberals

has created a political firestorm

within the Coalition, despite Mr

Howard's call for calm.. I think

view of, "Look, everybody calm down Howard's call for calm.. I think the

while I continue kissing your wife"

, is not a fair squut come for the

National Party. The anxiety, the

anger, the hurt that's being

expressed by many of my colleagues

is understandable and justifiable

my view to be betrayed like this, is understandable and justifiable in

something that is very, very my view to be betrayed like this, is

difficult to comprehend and very,

very difficult to accept. Senator

McGauran says he jumped ship

he could better represent rural McGauran says he jumped ship because

voters in the Liberal Party. But is

he right? A long term lock at the

number of National Party seats

the story. Since the Fraser number of National Party seats tells

Government of 1975 its percentage

seats has slid from 18%, despite a Government of 1975 its percentage of

brief blip with the Howard victory

to today's all-time low of 8%.

The great decline followed the

Canberra campaign in 1997. In 1998

this were still 104 National Party.

Ms in Lower Houses around the

country. Today this is 52. They've

lost seats to Labor and a lot to

Liberals and also lost seats to

Independents. Enough is enough,

Queensland national Senator Joyce Independents. Enough is enough, says

Joyce who also claims to be

for many in the party. They are Joyce who also claims to be speaking

much perturbed by this approach for many in the party. They are very

our coalition colleague that we much perturbed by this approach from

been deceived, we've been let down our coalition colleague that we have

and they are countenancing that

deception by allowing the

progression of senator McGauran to

the Liberal Party. The Liberal

contacted by the Nats rat was Peter the Liberal Party. The Liberal first

Costello who today was giving this

advice. The best thing I think we

can all commit ourselves to do is

win more seats at the next election. can all commit ourselves to do is to

But Barnaby Joyce doesn't believe

the Treasurer's denial of a plot.

There's been a long and informed

negotiation with members of the

Liberal Party quit obviously over a

number of months. The fact of this

is Morley bankrupt, his decision.

While Senator Joyce might be

expressing his anger, the feeling

mutual for Liberals like John expressing his anger, the feeling is

Lindh. They need to be locking? mutual for Liberals like John Walker

Their own backyard. They've got to

understand that Barnaby Joyce in

Queensland is the root cause of

their current problem. It's not the

Prime Minister's problem. It's not

the Liberal Party's problem. The

National Party was egging Barnaby the Liberal Party's problem. The the

Joyce on to speak out and to to be

troublemaker for the Government. Joyce on to speak out and to to be a

For the Nationals, it's a problem

their new role. Gone are the days For the Nationals, it's a problem of

these titans in Cabinet. The more their new role. Gone are the days of

they elect good local MPs that can

fight off the battle with

Independents, the less likely that

are to have someone powerful around

the Cabinet table. It won't end the

Coalition but it will be a case of,

"You've taken away the trust. You

have to rebuild it. Until you show

us good signs of rebuilding the

trust, you have no trust." Matt Peacock with that report. a busy day. Well, the Prime Minister has had

in Canberra An address to the Press Club earlier this evening and an announcement outside Parliament House to a packed crowd is the 2006 Australian of the Year. that Professor Ian Frazer Professor Fraser has been honoured medical research for his ground-breaking which has led to a vaccine

in women. which will prevent cervical cancer a short time ago The Prime Minister joined me the disharmony in his own ranks. and I spoke to him first about Prime Minister, good evening. Good evening. at your Press Club about cohesion, Now, you talked a lot today but one would have the say tonight quite as cohesive as it has. the Coalition is not looking are still absolutely rock-solid Oh, I think the fundamentals and safe. and as cooperative as ever. Mark Vaile and I are as close We have to understand, we Liberals, and upset within the National Party that there's legitimate sensitivity about Julian McGauran's decision. If it had been the other way around, very upset. a lot of Liberals would have been things will settle down. I am sure, in the fullness of time, to the strength of the Coalition It won't do any fundamental damage to deliver good Government because we have a responsibility in government than in opposition. and it's much better to be It's a difficult issue my National Party friends - and I understand why and they are my friends - should feel as they do. There are issues, though, of regional sensitivities here as well. I notice here today it's not just the Nationals, but the Liberal member for Herbert in northern Queensland, Peter Lindsay, who is saying, "There's nothing in this reshuffle for anyone now north of Gladstone." There's a big chunk of Queensland, isn't it? Well - Well - No representation in the ministry.

Yeah, but what really matters with those things, Maxine, are the policies that affect Queensland north of Gladstone or affect Western Australia. I agree, but I mean, Queensland can be an honorary state, can't it? They like to think they have a voice. I'm very sensitive -

well, I don't think anyone can argue that Queensland hasn't been well treated. Queensland now has more Liberal ministers in the Cabinet than it's had for a long time and Queensland has been far better treated in Cabinet representation by the Coalition than it ever was by Labor. It was one of the enduring complaints of members of the Queensland Labor Party that during the Hawke and Keating years they were very badly treated. Nonetheless, couldn't you have avoided the the upset by keeping De-Ann Kelly in the ministry? Well, Maxine - You could have avoided all of this trouble? Maxine, the allocation of portfolios is always determined

by the proportions of the parties and my Liberal colleagues are entitled to say, "They're the rules," and if the Nationals won a lot more seats at an election, they would want greater representation. Why, therefore, should a position legitimately there for a Liberal member be denied simply because it will upset some people in the National Party? Well, I'll give you one reason. If you adhere to the strict arithmetic of that, as you've been saying, it may rebound on you. Already today you've get Fiona Nash and Barnaby Joyce saying they will vote in the Senate in the National Party's interests, not necessarily in the Coalition Party's interest. Maxine, the reality is the National Party's interests and Liberal Party interests are normally almost identical. We are a coalition. I think we have to get a sense of perspective. Since the last election, despite all that's been written about Senator Joyce and so forth, all the big things that we wanted to get through the Senate we have got through. And I thank all of my colleagues, including Senator Joyce, for the support that they gave to such things as the sale of Telstra, the industrial relations legislation, the tax changes. Sure, there's been difference on one or two pieces of legislation, but, gee, it's a 500% improvement on what it was before the last election. I can imagine, though, if, say, in the future

you may want to bring up something like getting rid of, say, the single desk in terms of handling wheat sales. I mean, the Queensland Nationals may not be on board on something like that. Yes, but Maxine - And that's going to cause big problems for Mark Vaile. We're not proposing to do that. You floated it. Well, I said, like any policy, it is under review, but they are the sort of things that would be decided by Cabinet and can I point out that the Cabinet's representation of Nationals has not changed and unless there's some dramatic duration in the balance in the Parliament, it won't change. Prime Minister, if I can move to the national day we're about to celebrate. Yes. You have just named Queensland scientist Ian Frazer as Australian of the Year and, of course, that's where his ground-breaking work in coming up with a vaccine which can prevent cervical cancer in women. I mean, this... Oh, it's fantastic, yes. ..has the potential to transform the health of many women, doesn't it? He has. It's a very challenging illness for thousands of Australian women and it has the potential for transforming the lives of millions of women around the world and it's a very proud day for medical science again in this country and - That being the case, what plans does the Commonwealth have to bring this vaccine to as many young girls as possible?

Well, they are things that the Health Minister is considering at the present time and there are processes and there are bodies that make decisions on that. Yes, indeed. But that would be your hope? Because Ian Frazer, for instance, says ideally, we should be looking at mass vaccination of teenage girls because it can protect them for life. They are things.

I can understand him putting that view and I respect it and congratulate him. If that's something that ought to occur, then it will, but we have to take advice of the relevant medical body on that and we will. Let's turn to an issue you raised at the Press Club today

and it's already causing great ruptions. You seem to have declared war on the way history is taught in Australian schools. Now, why? You say we need root and branch reform.

I think we've long since abandoned the practice of teaching history in a methodical, narrative style, which includes the understanding of the dates in which things occurred. I think we've wrongly made the assumption that we don't need to know as much about British and other European history as we used to, without realising that if you don't understand the formative influences on the attitudes and the philosophies that conditioned Australia, if you don't understand what led to the formation of parliamentary democracy, if you don't understand the causes that produce the enlightment, if you don't understand where we came from and why, you can't have a proper understanding of where we are and that also includes, might I say, - and I made this point today - a full understanding of Indigenous history as well because that is part of the narrative and the story of Australia. Where do you think we've gone off the rails? You seemed to blame post-modernism today.

Too many assignments on 'isms' - feminism, environmentalism - too much of that? We've too much of a stew and a concoction of issues and causes. Now, they're part of it, but you've also got to teach the sequence.

You've got to say something about the order in which things appeared. You've get the understand why was it fully that European settlement occurred in Australia, rather than teach too much about whether it should have occurred. I mean, it did occur and rather than waste our energy in the perjorative about the character of it, we ought to, first of all, understand some of the causes of it and some of the background of it. Why do you see a deficit on this?

Are you getting complaints from parents or have you talked to, say, history teachers? It is self-apparent. It is obvious to me that there's - Why so? From talking to people. The increasing number of people I talk to - younger people - who don't have a full understanding of some of these things. Now, you talked also today about a coalition of the willing...

Yes. ..that you are hoping to recruit and you mentioned the former premier of NSW Bob Carr.

Well, I'm not formally... Yes, on earlier occasions he's lamented the decline in the quality of history teaching and I don't have some formal thing in mind, but the point I was trying to make is it's not a party political thing.

I would hope that people who value a rigorous proper teaching of history in this country would join us. OK. But what's the action plan? Have you said to your new Education Minister, Julie Bishop, "This is what I want you to do "in terms of national standards of teaching history?" I think she will have read the speech. I'm not in the business of trying to impose financial levers on states

and it's not that sort of thing. But you have done that - sorry, Brendan Nelson has done that on other issues. Please, let me answer the question. I think this is a thing where, as Prime Minister, I've made a very considered statement. It will be obvious to people that I feel very strongly about it.

I hope it does ignite a debate and I hope out of that there is a sensible response from State education departments. I don't expect it immediately. These things take time. It's not something where the Commonwealth is necessarily trying to bully. But we do have a deficit here. I think it is bad for the country that we don't understand enough about our history, including the history of this country since 1901. There are so few people who understand that the adoption of our Constitution followed a vote -

the first time a democracy came into being as a result of a vote of that kind. understand that. Very few Australians understand how early we were into the field of giving women, for example, the vote. We were way ahead of most countries in Europe.

I mean, these are things that I don't think we understand. Has this come to your attention because there are, say, younger people in your office or other ministers' offices that are ignorant of these issues? It is everywhere apparent. It is not just in offices.

It's a widespread problem? I think it is. Yes, I do. Prime Minister, for your time tonight.

Thank you. Even before the arrival of the First Fleet, Sydney Harbor was a bountiful source of seafood or its original inhabitants. Ever since the first days of the colony, fishing has been an intrinsic part of life in the harbor city. But now, Sydneysiders have been told that none of the seafood in the harbour is safe to eat. Commercial fishing has been banned and recreational anglers have been told not to eat their catch for fear of unsafe levels of poisonous dioxins.

Ironically, Sydney's centrepiece waterway has been dramatically cleaned up over the past decade, but the invisible legacy of toxic industries is proving to be much more serious than previously thought. Jonathan Harley reports.

After school I went fishing. I

After school I went fishing. I enjoy it it's the best harbour in the

world. Just going? The water,

catching fish, prawns, everything

else. That's what I love about it.

We have our own little business and

everybody is happy. While the city

sleeps, brothers Charlie and Tony

Ianni cast their nets into sash.

They've been doing it for more than

20 years as their father did before

them but sash will not provide

them but sash will not provide their livelihood anymore. It's destroyed

us. We've been going fishing for

many years. My father went fishing.

It's stopped us. It's again now.

The first warning signs for the

Ianni family came last month when

prawn trawling was halted. The boot

Tom dwellers were found to have

toxic levels four to five times

acceptable international standards.

Then yesterday the New South Wales

Government confirmed the morning

headlines. This morning, following

advice from the expert panel and

advice from the expert panel and the NSW Food Authority, I've institute

NSW Food Authority, I've instituted a ban of a temporary nature on

commercial fishing in Sydney

Harbour. The been casts doubt over

some of Sydney's most cherished

traditions. Not just of commercial

fishing, but also among the

generations of families who 'spent

their weekends tossing a line over

the edge of a tinny or off a jetty.

While the been is brand new, its

cause is as old as the industries

that once lined Sydney's waterways.

You've get to remember we're living

with a legacy of 100 years of

unregulated industrial activities

with all sorts of nasty chemicals

and discharges to the Parramatta

River and the harbour. Sydney

harbour and its marine life have

been poisoned by a group of

long-lasting toxic compounds known

as dioxins. They are - their boy

products have banned pesticides

products have banned pesticides such as DDT produced for decades in

Homebush Bay in the upper reaches

Homebush Bay in the upper reaches of the harbour. Today, dioxins'

the harbour. Today, dioxins' dangers are all too well-known. Well,

are all too well-known. Well, dioxin is a contaminate that was in

herbicides and it is long lasting

herbicides and it is long lasting in the environment. It bio-acumularea

and it is carcinogence, which means

it can cause cancer in people.

These are things that you really do

independent want to be messing with

in your backyards. Ever since

in your backyards. Ever since Sydney was chosen to host the 2000

was chosen to host the 2000 Olympics on the banks of Homebush Bay,

Greenpeace has been pressing to

clone it up. Only now are some of

those dirtiest sites being

remediated. Underwritten by

remediated. Underwritten by Sydney's obsession with water front real

estate. Only now is it being

acknowledged that the poisons in

this bay have spread so far.

We generated the evidence to show

that this was one of the world's

that this was one of the world's top three contaminated sites for dioxin

contamination N the lit '90s, prior

to the Sydney 2000 Olympics. Of

course it's no surprise to us to

learn that this dioxin has now

spread from right up the Parramatta

River out to Sydney's heads.

River out to Sydney's heads. Further testing must take place and that's

what is going to happen. Today, NSW

Premier Morris Iemma made brief

doorstop remarks, but both the

doorstop remarks, but both the state ministers for fisheries and the

environment declined our requests

for an interview. Meanwhile, the

department of environment and

conservation maintains it is

cleaning up the contaminated sites,

including the worst of the toxic

sediment on the bottom of Homebush

Bay. There are 30 sites up and

Bay. There are 30 sites up and down pr par that we've tackled and many

of those have been cloned up and we

are left with the most difficult

ones now to actually finish off.

This is also contaminated.

Greenpeace's Danny Kennedy is

sceptical about the extent of that

promised clonup and the

promised clonup and the government's initial timeframe of 3-months for a

ban on fishing. It's a little too

little too late to put a 3-month

little too late to put a 3-month ban on commercial fishing. When people

have been exposed to these sort of

things for decades. That's a big

problem. Realistically a 3-month

problem. Realistically a 3-month ban on commercial fishing is not going

to do it. It may be that those most

exposed to any long term health

risks are the commercial fishes

themselves, who've relied on their

own catch to feed their families.

Yeah, I always eat seafood. I eat

Yeah, I always eat seafood. I eat my prawns, my fish. Yeah. I've been

eating them for a lifetime. My

family. I've got two young boys and

they always eat prawns, too.

they always eat prawns, too. They've been eating prawns since they were

two years old. Write, we love the

seafood. Whatever the long term

health impacts may be for the

health impacts may be for the Iannis and the other commercial operators

on Sydney Harbour, the immediate

threat is to their businesses. The

State Government is noncommittal on

the question of compensation. In

the question of compensation. In the meantime, the Ianni tradition is

reduced to a day-to-day existence.

The prawns, which recently would

earn them $28 a kilo, today only

sell as bait. Oh, we only get $6

sell as bait. Oh, we only get $6 for them. $6-8. It's not worth going

fishing. We want Homebush Bay

cleaned up or compensation. So,

cleaned up or compensation. So, I've get to look for another job and

get to look for another job and it's going to be really hard. I've been

working? The harbour for 20 years.

So it's going to be really hard. That report from Jonathan Harley. Right now, Palestinians are going to the polls for the first time in a decade to elect a new parliament. But the election will be a watershed for another reason. The Islamist militant group, Hamas, is entering the race for the first time. As a result, the Fatah movement of Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas faces a formidable foe, best know for its violent campaign against Israeli occupation. Even Israel's military intelligence machine is unsure of what the militants will do with the power they are about to garner at the polls. Middle East correspondent Matt Brown has been out on the hustings.

This is the face of Hamas, the

This is the face of Hamas, the world knows best. Gunmen. Suicide bombers.

Missiles. Militia men. A network

bent on terror. The self-styled

Islamic resistance movement pledged

to destroy Israel and establish an

Islamic Palestinian state. A

movement that has until now refused

to join the Palestinian authority,

in favour of the bullet and the

bomb. Force is a natural mean for

bomb. Force is a natural mean for us to fight back and resist the

occupiers and to defend their

occupiers and to defend their rights

occupiers and to defend their rights for life of our people. But over

for life of our people. But over the pastier, Hamas has been relatively

quiet and a profound change is

afoot. It's a freezing night in

Hebron, the biggest city in the

Hebron, the biggest city in the West Bank and a Hamas strong hole. The

movement supporters have,to hear

about a new bid for main stroem

political power. I know it's a big

challenge for us, but we will do it.

Hamas has finally acknowledged that

power does not flea from the barrel

of a gun alone and it is now trying

to use the ballot box to seize

control of the Palestinian

control of the Palestinian authority in elections due this week. Because

we've moved from some kind of

continuous resistance against

occupation into addressing the

issues if politics. issues if

occupation into addressing the major issues in politics. To dominate

Palestinian politics, Hamas p Neds

first to break the stranglehold,

first to break the stranglehold, the mobile phonement formed by the late

Yasser Arafat. Fatah is a movement

that's considered the mother

movement of the national

movement of the national Palestinian political life. Fatah is the party

of Palestinian president Mahmoud

Abbas. It is politicianed by

infighting and corruption. Two

factors feeding support to the

relatively by ys candidates from

Hamas. But Fatah is now promising

Hamas. But Fatah is now promising to turn over a new leaf. The

Palestinian people are asking for

honest, clean, accountable,

transparent Government and Fatah

this time is telling our people

we'll give you that and we want to

change and we want to reform.

Dr Nabil Kukali has surveyed

thousands of Palestinians. He

believes Fatah, despite its

troubles, will probably win a

majority in the elections. But

voters are about to give Hamas a

significant mandate. I think Fatah

will win the elections. Fatah will

win the elections. I believe around

36% will vote for Fatah. Around 27%

will vote for Hamas. Dr Kukali says

Palestinians are tired of poverty

and insecurity and what they want

most is peace. When we ask about

Israel and continuing negotiation

with the Israelis, we find that the

mat of the Palestinians, more than

75%, they support that. That means

addressing the peace process and

relations with Israel. But ma'am

mass' I'd joj could be a major

obstacle. We are not going to

obstacle. We are not going to accept Hamas as a legitimate parter in a

Palestinian government that deals

with this rule. The only thing they

want at the end of the day, would

want at the end of the day, would be the destruction of Israel. That's

why the bid for political power is

so significant. Hamas is prepared

so significant. Hamas is prepared to talk at least about abandoning its

longstanding opposition to Israel's

existence. The solution is

existence. The solution is something which depends on Israel. If Israel

would like to live if peace with

would like to live if peace with the Palestinians and giving them their

rights, I think things would be OK.

But Hamas has three stringent

conditions. Israel would have to

withdraw from the west bank, remove

more than a quarter of a million

Israeli settlers and hand over east

Jerusalem where the competing

Jerusalem where the competing claims of jus and Muslims to the same holy

land are most intense. We really

land are most intense. We really are ready for a truce with Israel and

ready for a truce with Israel and to stop any kind of armed fighting

stop any kind of armed fighting with the Israelis if Israel addresses

these three issues. Even Hamas'

harshest critics are wondering

harshest critics are wondering which way it will turn after it takes its

place in the Palestinian

place in the Palestinian Legislative Council. Hamas is gaining I think

political stature and I think clout

and also according to the polls,

and also according to the polls, can either tie in with Fatah or in some

places even win and I think there's

a sense of responsibility. The

organisation must disarm itself

completely. It must become a

political party. While Hamas is

proposed to negotiate, it's not

prepared to lay down its arms and

that means it will remain on a

collision course with the United

States and Israel. Hamas has built

its support on a culture of armed

resistance and from Hamas' point of

view, the struggle continues.

view, the struggle c. Israeli forces are raiding Palestinian cities and

towns on an almost nightly basis

towns on an almost nightly basis and there is next to no hope that

there is next to no hope that Israel will completely withdraw from the

West Bank. Even as the movement is

marching to the ballot box, more

martyrs are being sent to par dis.

martyrs are being sent to par dis. - paradise. Sheikh Abu Teir,

campaigning here north-west of

campaigning here north-west of jours lem, is one of the most senior

members of Hamas. When he was

arrested by the Israelis in 1974 he

was a member of Fatah, but in Jill

he first found religion and then he

met the founders of Hamas. Now aged

55, he has spent 25 years of his

life in Israeli jails. TRANSLATION:

Our main slogan is one hand can

build and the other can struggle.

Just how Hamas strikes this balance

will be crucial because the

Palestinian territories are already

on the vernl of anarchy. Just

on the vernl of anarchy. Just around the corner from the Hamas rally a

small gang of men have gathered

small gang of men have gathered from a brigade, an armed offshoot of

Fatah and they have lined up and

beaten them severely. When

Palestinian Authorities security

officers told the gang to level,

they were themselves attacked. This

sort of event is an almost daily

occurrence in the the Palestinian

territories. What we need, really,

is to put our house in order before

even addressing bigger issues.

Hamas is the most disciplined of

Hamas is the most disciplined of all the Palestinian groups. How it uses

that discipline in this new phase

that discipline in this new phase of its struggle, will shape the fate

its struggle, will shape the fate of the Palestinian people. And that's the program for tonight. We'll be back at the same time tomorrow, but for now, goodnight.

Among our items is an interview

Among our items is an interview with Australian of the Year Professor

Ian Frazer who has been honoured

Ian Frazer who has been honoured for a vaccine to cure cervical cancer.

For now, goodnight. Closed Captions produced by Captioning and Subtitling International Pty Ltd VIBRANT MUSIC Two ducks in. And table five - scallops, please. Wow! Oh, my God! LIVELY MUSIC Can I get a home-made chilli with that, please? Oh, it's gorgeous. Oh, wow... Don't call me 'Chef'. I hate that. My name's Kylie. My name's Kylie. TRANQUIL THEME MUSIC That is SO good.

I really love working with beautiful ingredients.

Cooking is such an art. It's so organic. As a little girl, my mum's cupboard was a continual source of wonder to me. It was full of mysterious Chinese ingredients - the most wonderful smells and spices, flavours I grew up with. I never dreamed that one day I'd be using these exotic ingredients in a restaurant of my own. (Rattles pan)

I have an aunty called Mrs Jang

and she used to make these wonderful fried eggs for us as kids. And they're on the menu in my restaurant today.