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(generated from captions) I didn't think you'd mind. Not at all. No, join away! Hiya! Hello! Want to grab a table? I'll get these. Yeah, fine. Are you all right? Just a bit tired, that's all. I meant about Cindy. draw a line under it now. Yeah, good. Glad that I can just Go on, Dean, this is for you, mate. OK? Lads. # Is this the real life? # Is this just fantasy? # Caught in a landslide # No escape from reality # Open your eyes... nine minutes long, innit? This number's about Oh, God! Spare us! It's your last day tomorrow. Yeah. isn't it? Funny how quickly it came round, a leaving do? Do you want me to organise like karaoke (!) I could do something original, Don't you dare. I'm gonna miss this place. The place or the people? Cheers. Hi. Terry. Thank you. There you go. keep an eye on Phil. Budge up. I think we'd better Hm? Why? to get absolutely slaughtered. He's on a mission # Ooh-ah # I didn't mean to make you cry # Hi. Hi. No, it's just Amy's tape. Any news? Come in. I thought you'd want it back. No, I'd better go. Please?

OK. have gone to the cinema. Right. Ruth and Todd to take their mind off it. Needed something He's er... You know. How is Todd? Don't be too hard on him. No, go ahead. Yeah. Do you mind if I...? (SIGHS) # Away in a manger # No crib for his bed... Such a funny little thing. Your boy - seven as well, yeah? at the moment. Mm. Yeah, it's just me and him

Complicated. Married, or...? # Close by me forever First Sarah dies, now this. # And love me, I pray... I must be cursed. # In thy tender care... Anyone I love... to live with thee there... # heaven, ..anyone I get close to... Sorry. # The stars in the bright sky... # Look down where he lay # The little Lord Jesus # Asleep on the hay RUTH: "Oh, lovely!" JAMES: "Oh, beautiful!" and the E1s? What's up between the Skens a paedophile knows where she is. I can't believe we're hoping Paedophile?! What's he done? to turn this manor into a war zone. I won't allow you say manor. I love it when posh people REA PODAS & JANE PARIS ITFC Subtitles This program is captioned live. THEME MUSIC Tonight - in modern Malaysia - the rise and rise of religious rules and polygamy made easy. no kissing in public, divorce by SMS Strewth. Very, very careful. Riding Cambodia's bamboo railway.

a new meaning to train travel. A journey that gives Science and the snowflake children - behind the stem cell debate. the human stories to Foreign Correspondent. Hello and welcome in Kuala Lumpur. I'm Helen Vatsikopoulos as a pluralistic, secular society Malaysia has showcased itself ethnic Chinese, or ethnic Indian where all Malaysians, be they Malay, are equally protected by the law. has overtaken Malaysia But a creeping Islamisation second-class citizens and now non-Malays say they are in their own country.

LOUD ARABIC POP MUSIC like it could be a night out It looks, sounds, and even smells

in Bahrain, Abu Dhabi or Doha. MUSIC of the Arabian summer, But it's the middle to cool down. when Gulf Arabs come to Kuala Lumpur MUSIC the tourist destination of choice Since September 11, it's become for many Arabs, and the Emirates. especially those from Saudi Arabia And why not? a country with Islamic institutions. It's safe and terrorist-free, so comfortable here Yet what makes Arabian tourists feel like the outsiders. is making some Malaysians as a second-class citizens. The non-Muslims are treated The Muslims are given the priority you are a Malaysian. so they're not interested whether whether you are a Muslim Malaysian. They are more interested action and other government policies Malays benefit from affirmative

their living standards - designed to raise and Indians don't get. something minority ethnic Chinese the ruling Umno Government And in the past two decades or Sharia laws. has strengthened Muslim The rationale being of the Islamic opposition. these would curtail the growth Malays are bound by Sharia law. Joined in an Islamic marriage, It's a personal code divorce, inheritance and morals. overseeing rites like marriage, by the Sharia courts. And it's enforceable Clause 121 of the constitution When Dr Mahathir amended in the late '80s,

he elevated the Sharia courts, giving them equal powers to that of civil courts, legal systems, thereby creating two parallel a secular judicial system. replacing what was on family and Islamic issues, Now Sharia courts only decide is a religious dispute but what happens when there and a non-Muslim? involving both a Muslim Well, it's in the lap of the gods. for the soul of her dead husband. Kaliammal Sinnasamy is praying

by Muslim bureaucrats. She says it was stolen from her as a devout Hindu Sinnasamy remembers Moorthy Maniam who performed sacred rites, as Mohammed bin Abdullah. but he's been buried MUSIC hero, Moorthy Maniam was a Malaysian that climbed Mount Everest. a commando and part of the team a paraplegic An army accident left him and lay dying and when he lapsed into a coma her husband had converted to Islam. Sinnasamy was told by an army major It was news to her. When he died,

the Islamic Religious Council sought permission from the Sharia court to claim his body. And a large group of Muslim men arrived to make it happen. They used him with the intention to show that in this country Islam is supreme. We have dominance over the non-Muslims. It is the government that is doing these things to the non-Muslims. I think they should stop funding these religious movements going around the country, claiming dead bodies, claiming that they have converted, claiming that they are Muslims, taking the body and burying in their cemetery without even giving the family members their right to pay last respect. Moorthy was buried in a Muslim ceremony that same day. Sinnasamy took the case to the civil courts

wanting to know exactly what happened. But the High Court ruled it had no jurisdiction over the Sharia court and what it saw as a Muslim matter. Sinnasamy is now appealing against the decision. The case has captured the attention of multi-religious Malaysia. And people are asking what's supreme - Muslim law or the country's secular constitution where article 11 guarantees religious freedom? And there are other cases. ROMANTIC MUSIC On a sunny day back in August 2003, romance was in the air for university sweethearts Ooi Kean Thong and Siow Ai Wei, re-uniting in a city park after a 3-month absence. They read out each other's love letters. MUSIC They may have embraced, held hands, even hugged, but they deny ever kissing. But two municipal inspectors claimed they'd breached indecency laws. She said you did wrong and you will be fined and you have to give me money and if not you will be, the school will punish you and I will tell your mother and father. And so three years on, though they're no longer a couple, they're defending their conduct as acceptable behaviour. If the defence are called then you'll have to explain your part of the story. Oh, OK. See the two enforcement officers, they were basically Malay origin. Maybe they were putting their values when they were booking these two for the offence. But creeping Islamisation is not just affecting non-Malays. Malay women say it's taken their rights backwards. We have to find and interpret the whole thing consistent to our situation and our cultural heritage.

What we are doing is we are embracing, we are actually - it is not so much Islamisation as some of my friends and I have called it, Arabisation of a Malay way of life, Malay culture. Sisters in Islam, a lobby group and irritant of the religious bureaucracy, says changes in Islamic family law have created a sexual apartheid among Malays. And it's not even necessary to tell your spouse face-to-face. You can divorce them by SMS, or even fax. It's then ratified by the Sharia judges. The sisters claim Sharia judges are taking Koranic edicts too literally and patriarchy is operating under the veil of Islam. They pick and choose, this is what we are afraid of, because they pick and choose the one that is favourable towards men, but the one that is favourable towards women, they just keep it silent. Razlina Razali is talking about scholars like Harussani Zakaria, the mufti of the state of Perak. He leads the government-funded religious bureaucracy in the state and he has no time for liberal Islam. And the mufti has allies in the wealthy and educated middle classes. Dr Mazeni Alwi

is an Australian-educated paediatric cardiologist who set up the Muslim professional forum as a lobby group that warns against liberal Islam. One of the areas that we are concerned about - when basic tenets of Islam, which ordinary Muslims have practised and held for a long time and still practised today are being challenged in a way, which is disrespectful of the religion. We find that - we find that is unacceptable. Dr Alwi says the conservative Islamic push is restoring what was usurped by British colonialism. Do you think it's a good idea for polygamy in this day and age? It depends. I think you cannot deny that there may be some role in it. But in general people don't want, I don't want to do it. What role, what role would there be in 2006? There are widows who need support.

It's good to have someone who can provide some kind of support and livelihood for children, for divorcees and also for young children. Islamic civilisation, or Islam Hadari, has also been on the mind of of the Prime Minister, Abdullah Badawi. He's proclaimed Islam Hadari Malaysia's Islamic creed, a modern, progressive Islam that should not be feared.

But it's definitely been talked about in the corridors of the country's secular court system. The idea underlying the introduction of Hadari was aimed at curbing the more extremist practices, but on another level, that's to me a bit worrying because, in essence, what it's done is to validate assertions by some quarters that in governance and in administration, Islam has a place. I would urge you all today to be very, very worried. Liberal Islamist and human rights lawyer Malik Imtiaz Sarwar is part of a coalition of 13 human rights and religious groups. They call themselves Article 11.

If we go back to the universal values of all of us as Malaysian people... Two out of four of their forums have been disrupted by fundamentalists. Critics of these policies, of these measures, have in turn been characterised as being anti-Islamic. I've been characterised as being anti-Islamic for doing the kind of work I do. Death threats have been made against him and the Prime Minister has asked Article 11 to stop their public meetings.

Officially, Malaysia prides itself on being a multi-ethnic, religious and cultural success story and with good reason. It has been that way since racial riots in 1969 left hundreds dead. There is no future for non-Muslims in Malaysia. The non-Muslims have got no place

to go to fight for their religious rights.

To fight for their fundamental rights enshrined in the federal constitution... Fuelled by an increasingly conservative religious bureaucracy, Muslims are identifying with their religion rather than their country. Malaysia, to some extent, is at a crossroads. The next 5 to 10 years could be definitive of the kind of nation we will have in the years to come. Do not disturb Islam. That's all. That's our worry. If you are trying to disturb Islam then something will come up. What cost? What do you think? Like 1969? Kaliammal Sinnasamy knows differently. She is living with constant bullying. Under Islamic law, the child of a convert is considered a Muslim. 12-year-old Dineshweri is on a list for conversion. So Sinnasamy's taken her out of a multi-ethnic school, and enrolled her in a Hindu one. Having lost her husband, she's desperate not to lose her only child. THEME MUSIC It's 6:23 on a steamy Phnom Penh morning and I'm running late. Fortunately, the train I'm catching has trouble going faster than walking pace. BLUES SONG This is the only passenger train between the capital

and Cambodia's second city, Battambang. Even when it gets some speed up, the 300km journey takes more than 15 hours, assuming the train doesn't break down or get derailed. Cambodia once had a famous train service. The French colonialists built a network of steam engines pulling elegant carriages around the country. But the Khmer Rouge banned ordinary people from using them.

Decades on, the Cambodian Government has revived

the skeleton of a service. There's unintended air-cooling from the floor and on some days, the only place you can get a seat is on the roof. Strewth!

Ah, you sit there you must be careful! Yes, I am careful. Very careful. Very, very careful. Frig! I don't want to die for a bloody postcard. Today, a few rickety antique trains is all that's left of the once grand tradition. But in frustration, ordinary people have stepped in where the government's failed to tread building up their own train network out of spare parts, ingenuity and lashings of bamboo.

It's 3:15 in Battambang and the Moon Express is right on schedule. Moon is the nickname of the driver, Sok Phas. His train is little more than a bamboo slab on wheels. Called a norry, from the French word for lorry, it's the transport of choice for thousands of village commuters. Moon is one of hundreds of norry drivers who take paying passengers anywhere the track runs. It's the sheer simplicity of the norry that's made it so popular. You simply weld together some wheels and stick on a home-made flatbed.

Villagers began building them in the late '70s as the Khmer Rouge retreated. The first models were handcars propelled by levers. But when the UN administration came in the early '90s it provided small motors and a rail boom was born.

There are now so many norries, there's an etiquette for who has right of way. The one that's not moving has to be lifted off for the one that is. To change direction, you simply turn it round the other way.

Oh, God. The train's coming. And of course, you have to keep an ear out for the occasional oncoming freight train. What a dangerous job. A quick check of the wooden foot brake and it's ready to go. OK. All comfy? We headed off for a test drive with Moon, his 5-year-old son and a dozen or so hangers-on. Not that there was anywhere to hang on.

It's actually not a bad way to travel. Nice and cool. Has a top speed of 50km/h, which is faster than the passenger train. Um, the track leaves a little bit to be desired,

but I guess there's less far to fall. Not far up the track we came to the Detroit of bamboo railways, a village geared around mass-producing norries. 21-year-old Sang Ren leads a team of 10 who can turn out a complete hand car in just four days, using spare parts from abandoned tanks. He doesn't just dream of building bigger and better norries. Sang Ren likes to pimp the ride. Yo, yo, yo. In a country that spent so long going backwards, at least some things are going full steam ahead. Hello. I'm Tracy Bowden in Madison, Wisconsin. It was here, back in 1998, that scientists first isolated human embryonic stem cells. Many believe this is the most promising area of medical science, with the potential to cure a string of debilitating diseases. Opponents of the research say it's taking a life to save a life. The issue is also being played out on the political stage in campaigns across the country

in the lead-up to the vital mid-term elections. Good morning. It's time for school today. This is how every day begins for the Ryan family in Washington D.C. You get to put a sticker on your sticker chart today. Can I see your finger? You sleepy this morning?

Duncan Ryan is four years old. He was diagnosed with Type One diabetes when he could barely talk. You're good too. You're 118 this morning. That's a good way to start off. Leg pokie today? Yeah. His sister Caitlin is six. She is also a diabetic. Blow out. One, two, three. Owie. Every minute of the day is a struggle to control their see-sawing blood sugar levels. Duncan still cries. Pretty much every morning he cries and says I don't want it, I don't want it. And there is just nothing worse. One of my fears when he was diagnosed was,

I thought I am going to be pricking and injecting, poking this little boy. He is going to grow up hating me. That didn't hurt. That didn't hurt at all. We know medical research takes a long time to produce results and that's why we need to start now. We can't delay, because if we want results to come

in 5 or 10 or 15 or 20 years we've gotta start now. In another part of the country, a family with a very different perspective. You know I don't believe that any embryo should be destroyed for research. That's my personal belief. I just - because I believe that life begins at conception. For years, this is what Greg and Cara Vest had been praying for. They now have two healthy children, but Jonah and Ellie Vest might never have made the journey from test tube to the real world. We're against embryonic stem cell research. I just don't believe you should take a life to save a life. That is just our belief. A lot of it comes from the fact that I have two...two children that, you know, came from... We see the end result of embryos, frozen embryos. These two families illustrate the polarised views

in a debate that is a complex mix of science, ethics and politics, a jumble of claims and counter claims and high emotions. There are an estimated 400,000 embryos left over from in-vitro fertilisation programs stored in liquid nitrogen

at minus 196 degrees Celsius in laboratories across the US. Some will be discarded, a small number have been passed on to infertile couples, others will be donated for research. Many scientists believe stem cells derived from these embryos have the potential to provide cures for a range of chronic diseases,

by replacing the body's damaged cells. The types of diseases that we really feel that we can someday have some impact on,

for instance Type One diabetes - I think that embyronic stem cells and maybe even adult stem cells have a real role in a disease like that. Some of the other diseases would be like Parkinson's disease and spinal cord injury, heart injury. Dr Michael Shamblott, at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, is using embryonic stem cells to hunt for a cure for diabetes. He says these cells have characteristics not found in adult stem cells. What adult cells seem to lack that embryonic stem cells have is the extreme flexibility stem cells special. and that's what makes embryonic and we know in humans That is, we know in the mouse have this property that embryonic stem cells the different cells of the body of becoming many if not all of and they do so readily. disputed by critics of the research, That's just one of the claims the Christian lobbying organisation like Dr David Prentice from the Family Research Council. in a sense is a scientific fad, Embryonic stem cell research at this point. It's the current one, as well, it's caught the public's imagination promises put out. again because of some misleading by his critics David Prentice is described valuable anti-science scientist. as the right wing's most

He says embryonic stem cell research point of view. is wrong from a moral and scientific and promises and hopes laid out. We hear a lot of claims the actual published science, But when you look at the adult stem cells are the ones that are treating patients now and really showing the promise. the promise is tenuous at best. The embryonic stem cells, in America's mid-west. Autumn has arrived in Wisconsin Like sugar and spice now (Sings) # I feel nice # I feel nice... # and street fairs. It's the season of harvest festivals # So nice, so nice, I got you... # of Madison It was here in the university town revolution began. that the stem cell and grew human embryonic stem cells. In 1998, scientists first isolated a religious issue. Stem cell research should not be a political issue. It should not be is an issue of human health Stem cell research and access to medicine we think about medicine. and changing the way the 120 scientists on this campus Dr Gabriela Cezar is one of embryonic stem cell research. conducting ethical issues driving this debate. She has a ready response to the cannot turn into a human life A fertilised frozen egg as is into a woman. in the absence of being transferred recognise the potential for life So while I certainly and more sound moral decision I also think that it's a higher fertilised eggs for research to use these discarded within the future. and perhaps benefit millions the laboratories onto the streets The debate has spilled from in campaigns across the United States mid-term elections. in the lead-up to the November the agenda in Wisconsin. Not surprisingly, it's at the top of is pressing the flesh Democrat Governor Jim Doyle college football game. with fans heading to the local of stem cell research. He's running hard in support a big issue In Winsconsin it's particularly because this is where it started extensive stem cell research and this is the home of the most in the United States. going on anywhere Mark Green, The Governor's Republican opponent, is against the research. taxpayer dollars I don't support spending living human embryos. on research that destroys human, Milwaukee Public Television Association Foundation and the Wisconsin Broadcasters present a statewide debate for Wisconsin governor. between the leading candidates the third televised debate Today we've come along to watch between the two candidates. now. Let's talk about stem cell research is raised. Once again, the controversial issue

honest differences You're right, there are some between Governor Doyle and I. he does. I don't support human cloning, It's an honest difference. 30 years of Parkinson's. My mother died recently after To me it's unthinkable that we would shut down the research for that illness. that might find the cure the research say But those who support President is trying to do. that's exactly what the Earlier this year, the US Congress voted to increase funding for embryonic stem cell research.

veto of his presidency Then George W. Bush used the first to block the legislation. spare parts. These boys and girls are not APPLAUSE They remind us... invited a special group of children To press his argument the President to join his veto announcement. Dubbed snowflake children, each frozen and unique, surplus embryos from IVF programs, they were once donated to infertile couples. of innocent human life This bill would support the taking medical benefits for others. in the hope of finding It crosses a moral boundary needs to respect, so I vetoed it. that our decent society her two snowflake children. Cara Vest was there with that these children deserve chances, I just want people to understand like ours were given that chance these embryos deserve chances just by their genetic families. come up with some sort of cure Down the track, if scientists have a loved one of yours - for a condition that might affect cell research but it came through embryonic stem would you use that cure?

No, I wouldn't.

that is playing God. I couldn't -, I just think

has given us all, you know, I think the Lord above on this earth a wonderful time here we are going to be here, and none of us know how long that it is our choice and you know, I just don't think to save another life. to take a life is also a snowflake child. 4-year-old Zara Johnson their daughter But her parents have more than just

to consider in this debate. Oh, oh, here comes the ball. Look out! Steve Johnson is a paraplegic. see both sides of the debate, Steve, you are in a position here to in a sense. research Because if embryonic stem cell you could benefit. comes up with some cures destroying embryos But ultimately you are embryos became my daughter and one of those frozen an incremental benefit in my life, and so is it OK for me to have what could become that we're going to kill someone else's son or daughter. What could be wrong going to be adopted, with letting those that aren't that are going to be discarded, let those be used for research? Tim and Michelle Ryan had just celebrated their first wedding anniversary when he was diagnosed with Type One diabetes. There's a lot of really bad things that can happen to you from heart attacks, strokes, liver failure,

types of cancers, blindness, losing a limb, these kinds of things. The Ryans knew there was a chance their children would inherit the condition. But they didn't expect them to be diagnosed at the ages of two and four. We would so love to have a cure in their lifetime. I mean it is a hard thing when the three people you love the most in the world all have this disease and you would just do anything to bring them that much closer to a cure. What do you say to the people opposed to the research? Well, I really wish they could put themselves in our, particularly Michelle's shoes for a day, and see that this would be an incredible pro-life gesture. We all want a cure. And we all want a cure now, or at least soon. What we don't want to do is to spend our tax dollars that can be used for adult stem cell research now

They kept putting the electricity on me, the man would press the button