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(generated from captions) Schlomo - Moshe Agazai -

by Yael - Yael Abecassis - is lucky to be adopted and Yorum - Roschdy Zern. They're very liberal Israelis and their family. and they take him into their hearts his real mother. But Schlomo never forgets to help him write a letter to her He contacts a Falasha leader

a guiding force in his life. and this man will become

This ambitious film, of turbulent Israeli history, which covers over a decade is a knockout. towards the Falasha in Israel It depicts the racism fiercely defend him against which Schlomo's new family on the Palestine/Israeli situation. and the film takes a liberal line

is really the internal story But these are externals to what

an identity he knows is phoney. of this young boy dealing with The performances are just wonderful. losing young Moshe Agazai As Schlomo grows, I hated he's just beautiful. playing him as a nine-year-old, But then the ones that follow - are equally good. Moshe Abebe and Sirak M Sabahat - emigrated to Israel from Romania The writer/director Radu Mihaileanu and from there, he went to France. His father had changed their name the confusions of hidden identity. so he is a man who understands to life in a sweeping story He's brought that beautifully that encompasses so much. It certainly does. David? Maybe a fraction too much. it's a little bit long. I mean, I think is by far the best. I think the early part of the film arriving in Israel, His departure from Africa as a child, liberal, as you say, family. being taken in by the wonderfully They're wonderful scenes. Yeah. Really lovely scenes. first of all, telling a lie But the fact that he is always, because he knows he isn't Jewish bestowed upon him, and that all this that is being which he doesn't really deserve. for his mother. And secondly, that he is craving with the mother is just beautiful. That moon connection in some areas, And I think, in some ways, as it might have been, the film isn't quite as subtle to a wonderful ending. but it does build

a very ambitious film And so I think it's it's very, very good, but in many ways bit overextended. but maybe just a little but I'm still giving it 4.5. Maybe it is, I was just blown away by it. I think it's very, very good. Look. I'm giving it 4. release nationally next Thursday. 'Live and Become' opens in limited for details. So you can check our website Goodnight. And it's goodnight from us now.

This program is not subtitled Tonight - problems by the boatload. There is a grave danger Australia-Indonesia relationship that we begin to see the spiral out of control. seekers have reached Australia, With reports more Papuan asylum visit to the troubled province Indonesia's president makes a flying not to interfere and warns foreigners in his country's internal affairs. very, very strong involvement Precisely because of Australia's in East Timor Australia's involvement again there is a genuine nervousness about in the issue of Papua. This program is captioned live.

I'm Tony Jones. Welcome to Lateline. Good evening.

Meanwhile, the Dutch Prime Minister, with the Australian Government, after talks President Yudhoyono. is due in Jakarta tomorrow to meet in Papua, As tensions continue to grow towards autonomy in the province. he'll be pressing for further moves integrity of Indonesia. We do respect the territorial about the specific laws Of course, there can be discussions for the area concerned with their own responsibility, and these laws has to do their autonomy and that's a point of discussion. that these laws being respected We always stressed the importance and implemented. autonomy for the Papuans? Would you like to see moves towards in Indonesia, We have to respect the laws and there are laws in Indonesia to autonomy. about their own responsibility in Indonesia. But that is an internal affair is coming up. Our interview with Dr Balkenende First our other headlines - for mental health A massive funding boost to play their part. as John Howard calls on the states Thaksin spent. The Thai Prime Minister steps down backfires. as his early election gamble And the Attorney-General says to extradite Gordon Wood there's enough evidence over the death of Caroline Byrne. No-one has found them yet, boatload of Papuan asylum seekers but the mere suspicion that another unsettled relations with Indonesia. has landed in Australia has further in the Torres Strait, Air and sea patrols are continuing to find the boat. prepares for the possibility And as the Howard Government of more asylum claims, clear warning to all foreigners Indonesia's president has sounded a with Papua. to stay out of his nation's problems From Canberra, Greg Jennett reports. A joint Customs and Navy operation across Australia's north to catch illegal boats a raging success. has apparently been the Australian waters. We got it from 197 crewman captured. 23 boats seized, were from Indonesia. It's understood the vast majority to get to Australia unlawfully If they're trying to detect and intercept them. we will do everything we can slipped through the net. But one boat may have the Government leads it to believe Intelligence received by a family of six from the Indonesian province of Papua last week, fled their home in Merauke Deliverance Island washing up yesterday on or around in the Torres Strait. of concern to the Government Any illegal entrant to Australia is are no different to anyone else. and of course West Papuans It's not that simple.

of asylum claims by 42 Papuans, Coming so soon after the approval protection claims by another group

between neighbours. would only deepen the diplomatic row in the relationship Clearly this has created a strain as in any way a fatal strain. but I don't regard it There's a grave danger that we begin to see the Australian-Indonesian relationship spiral out of control. John Howard has signalled his intention to call President Yudhoyono who today visited Papua engaging in some megaphone diplomacy. In comments most likely directed at Canberra,

the president reportedly told Indonesian journalists: There is a genuine nervousness about Australia's involvement again

in the issue of Papua. Dewi Fortuna Anwar says Indonesia's perception of Australian sympathies for Papuan independence stems directly from this country's role in East Timor. To lose Papua, for Indonesia, is like losing its own limb. Aware of those sensitivities and the possibility that more boats could arrive at any time, John Howard and senior ministers are redoubling their efforts to soothe Jakarta's fears. Is West Papua East Timor all over again? No. Why not?

Because West Papua has always been part of Indonesia. I have a very strong view that the best resolution of these issues is within the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia over West Papua. And he says Indonesia's relationship with Australia is strong enough to survive. Greg Jennett, Lateline. To breaking news tonight. And the Sydney man Gordon Wood has agreed to be extradited to Australia to face charges that he murdered his former fiance Caroline Byrne 11 years ago. The former employee and confidant of Rene Rivkin was arrested in London on Monday and applied for bail when he went back to court just a short time ago. Mr Wood has denied killing Ms Byrne and told the court he wouldn't oppose the extradition. In a moment we'll cross to our correspondent Stephanie Kennedy who's been covering the case in London, but first this report from Tom Iggulden. For the first time in public, police have spelled out the basics of their case against Gordon Wood, a British lawyer hired by the Australian government telling a London court yesterday: Mr Wood was back in court today,

Into this fire at the offset Alpine

printing plant. The owners of the

plant got a $53 million payout

despite the plant only being worth

$4 million. The plant was partly

owned by Mr Wood's boss,

owned by Mr Wood's boss, stockbroker Rene Rivkin who offset it using a

Swiss bank. This is a sip principle

tragedy on one level between

Caroline Byrne and Gordon Wood with

a relationship that goes wrong, but

it's played out against this huge

landscape of corporate intrigue

landscape of corporate intrigue that catches these two people up. I

catches these two people up. I think at the end, Gordon Wood believes

that his whole - her future is at

stake there as the Securities

Commission is chasing these mystery Swiss shareholders.

Swiss share. Neil Chenwith has been

covering this story for over a

decade for the 'Australian

decade for the 'Australian Financial Review' and he covered the case

including the role of Gordon Wood.

It's not known if the police case

against Mr Wood will include his

role in the offset alpine affair

role in the offset alpine affair but Gordon Wood has always maintained

he's innocent of causing Caroline

Byrne's death as he did in this

interview in 1998 shortly before

leaving Australia. REPORTER: Did

you kill her? Of course not.

Why would I kill her? His arrest in

London is the latest chapter of a

drama that reaches from the top of

Australian corporate life to the

suburbs. On the one hand you've got

a guy like Gordon Wood, he always

seems to win. He breezes through

life and gets this job with ren Fay

Rivkin and gets into trouble and

goes to England and breezes through

life again here. On the other hand,

you've got Caroline Byrne's father,

Tony Byrne - a simple guy. He

doesn't have contacts. He doesn't

have special resources. He doesn't

have names to call on. All he has

have names to call on. All he has is he's a father who wants to know

he's a father who wants to know what happened to his daughter. Mr Wood

has been remanded in British

has been remanded in British custody while extradition papers are being prepared. Joining us now from our London studio is reporter Stephanie Kennedy, who has just returned from the Bow Street Magistrates Court where Gordon Wood appeared this evening.

Stephanie, the big news clearly is

that Wood himself appears to have

agreed to be extradited. How did

that happen? That's right. As soon

as he entered court he grade to

as he entered court he grade to sign a consent form for extradition. The

magistrate asked him was he aware

once he signed that form that he

couldn't change his mind, that the

extradition would go ahead. He

acknowledged that and signed the

form and it was handed up to the

magistrate. That now goes to the

Secretary of State and the Home

Office for approval, which is

Office for approval, which is really a formality, give given the

relationship between Australia and

Britain and his extradition should

take place in the next 4-6 weeks.

OK. At the same time he was refused

bail, largely because of the

seriousness of the charges which

were spelt out in the court.

That's right. His lawyer applied

That's right. His lawyer applied for bail and she put up ?20,000 in

security, said that he was not a

flight risk, that he had a lot of

family members and friends here in

the UK, but the lawyer representing

the prosecution and the Australian

Government said that the

Government said that the allegations were one of murder; that they had a

penalty of life imprisonment in

Australia and he laid out the facts

of the case. He said that on the

night of the 7th June, 1995 Gordon

Wood and Caroline Byrne went to The

Gap at Watsons Bay in Sydney's east,

an argument commenced and I'll just

quote, "The argument became heated.

Mr Wood threw Miss Byrne off the

clifftop falling 30 metres. She

sustained head injuries and

subsequently died." They were the

facts that were read out in court.

Gordon Wood wasn't asked if he

denied those facts or that he would

plead not guilty, but that's what

the case is against him so far here

in the British courts. The

magistrate said that given the

seriousness of the case and the

seriousness of the case and the fact that he felt that the security was

insufficient, Mr Wood would be

remanded on bail. He was also

assessed as being a flight risk?

He was assessed as being a flit

He was assessed as being a flit risk or certainly that suggestion was

made due to the fact that he moves

between the UK and Europe and the

United States., that he seems to

have more than one address in the

and that he has been travel

have more than one address in the UK and that he has been travelling an

awful lot and has two passports,

both of which have both been taken

away, and it was impossible to

guarantee that he would remain in

the UK before the extradition

hearing, if that was to take place.

So he's clearly been remanded in

custody and we await the timing of

the extradition. Just tell us, if

you can, first of all, the the

you can, first of all, the the scene in the court today? Well, any

Magistrates' Court is an

Magistrates' Court is an interesting scene. There were certainly a lot

scene. There were certainly a lot of people before him who appeared,

there were people involved in drugs,

there were beggars, people who

illegally pretending to be taxi

drivers and there was Mr Wood. This

was also people in the public

gallery. There was one supporter

that I noticed that appeared to be

rather upset when Mr Wood was

remanded in custody. She left very

quickly after the case. I asked her

if she was a friend or a family

member and she wouldn't say what

member and she wouldn't say what her relationship was with Mr Wood, but

she was clearly upset he'd been

remanded in custody . Stephanie

Kennedy, with e'll have to leave

Kennedy, with e'll have to leave you there. Thank you for setting the

scene for us so concisely in that

report. Thank you very much. The Prime Minister has fleshed out the details of a massive overhaul of mental health care. He's promised $1.8 billion over the next five years and wants the states and territories to match it. The money will go to funding more respite care, increasing the mental health workforce and extending Medicare to cover psychologists fees. Dana Robertson reports.

1 in 5 Australians will suffer a mental illness at some stage in their life, and today the PM laid out his $1.8 billion blueprint to tackle the nation's black dog. It's something that we can afford to do, it's something we need to do, and it's something that we have a responsibility to do. This is a huge amount of money, but there's a huge job to be done. Front and centre of the plan is respite care: Priority will be given to older parents caring for adult children with mental illness and intellectual disabilities. They represent some of the most tragic cases of the burden carried by carers in our community that I've come across. There'll also be money for GPs and psychiatrists to employ mental health nurses, and to meet the professional shortage: This is a great day for mental health reform in Australia. Psychology services will be available on referral through Medicare from November. Programs to help young people with mental illness stay in school and move into jobs will be expanded, and there's also money for 900 personal helpers to help people with mental illness to live independently.

While the Prime Minister says his plan will go ahead regardless, he wants the states and territories to equal his funding commitment. Their focus, he says, should be on providing much-needed residential treatment. It has been the missing link in the systems and services that we've had available since de-institutionalisation. Our mental health system doesn't need tinkering with. It needs rebuilding from the ground up. The Opposition and the AMA both say much more is still needed to fix the mental health crisis. Dana Robertson, Lateline. Thailand's political crisis may not be over just yet. While the Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra has said he will step down, it is still unclear when he will actually leave the post he has held since 2001. Parliament cannot convene

until by-elections for 39 electorates

are held later this month and all 500 seats are filled. And a new prime minister cannot be confirmed until then, promising weeks of political limbo. South East Asia correspondent Peter Lloyd reports from Bangkok. It was moving day at the front door of the Prime Minister's office and wasn't it conspicuous. The message going out to Thais is that their leader has made a huge personal sacrifice. But how permanent a shift can this really be? REPORTER: Will you run the country from another office now? No. I'm not running the country! On national television, before an audience of millions, Thaksin Shinawatra appeared to bow to the pressure.

"I have decided to step down", said the sombre-faced man

who has led Thailand for the past five years. He'll remain caretaker Prime Minister until one of these deputies takes over, though it's not clear how soon that will be. There were tears from his family but elation on the streets. from a people-power movement, which had been calling for Mr Thaksin's resignation for months, but protest leaders said he had not gone far enough. If he still remains as a party leader and also being very influential in pushing the policy of Thai Rak Thai party or, in other word, being a ghost prime minister, we will not accept that. The protest movement has given the caretaker Prime Minister until the end of the month to quit politics altogether, or face more demonstrations. Mr Thaksin runs his party like a business empire, his colleagues are more poodles than politicians, so, finding one who can stand on their own two feet while the old boss remains somewhere in the background 16 million Thais voted for Thaksin last weekend. Some made their way to his party headquarters to plead with him to reverse his decision to step aside. REPORTER: Do you wish Mr Thaksin stayed on as Prime Minister? Yes, I hope and everyone love him to do Prime Minister again. For some, the affair is far from over. Peter Lloyd, Lateline. Police and demonstrators have clashed again in Paris, in another day of protest against new job laws. More than 3 million people took part in a nationwide strike and close to a million turned out in the capital. The march ended in violence, with protestors throwing paving stones, and ripping out street signs to use as weapons. Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin says he will "never throw in the towel" over the new laws, which have seen his government's popularity plummet.

Back to our top story. With Indonesia's President Yudhoyono flying today to Papua to make a symbolic and literal warning to foreigners not to interfere with his country's internal affairs. His impending talks with the prime minister of the former colonial power, the Netherlands, will be more than usually sensitive. The Dutch PM, Dr Jan Peter Balkenende, is just winding up an Australian tour and in Canberra yesterday he was briefed by John Howard on the diplomatic rift over Papuan asylum seekers. Dr Balkenende was also here to finalise arrangements for the joint Australian and Dutch military mission in Afghanistan. On top of which, his government's hardline stance on Islamic migration to the Netherlands has created a good deal of interest in political circles. I spoke to Prime Minister Balkenende in Sydney late today. Dr Balkenende, thank you for joining us. Now, you've spoken of the sensitivities in Jakarta over the issue of Papuan asylum seekers. You'll actually be seeing President Yudhoyono in the next day or so. Do you see any role for yourself at all in helping to defuse this issue? Well, I can imagine your question. We have ties, historical ties between the Netherlands and Indonesia. Indonesia is an independent country and we fully respect that. We do respect the territorial integrity of Indonesia. Of course there can be discussions about the specific laws for the area concerned and these laws have to do, have their own responsibility, the autonomy, and as a point of discussion, we always stress the importance that these laws are being respected and implemented. Of course we have interest in developments in Indonesia so we will talk about several issues. The Papua issue is very sensitive not only here, but also in your country and I've got to ask you, do you genuinely believe that Indonesia's sovereignty over Papua was based on a legitimate process back in 1969?

We can talk a long time about history, but the Dutch Government respects and underlines the territorial integrity of Indonesia and then it has to do with internal affairs. Then you have to talk about the responsibilities of the people in the area concerned in Papua. That has to do with the laws on autonomy and as a matter of implementation of these laws, we've had several discussions also in my country because we talked about the developments and you can imagine that. But that's the responsibility of Indonesia itself and talking about human rights. Of course you can discuss in general terms about a situation. Would you like to see moves towards autonomy for the Papuans? We have to respect the laws and there are laws in Indonesia about their own responsibility to the autonomy but it's an internal affair in Indonesia and you can talk in general terms about these laws and implementation is an important issue. I ask these questions because, as you know, back in 2000 the Dutch Foreign Ministry commissioned a report into the 1969 so-called act of self-determination. It was done by Professor Drogova and he concluded this report last year and it suggested the the vote in '69 was a sham in which there was no freedom of speech and voters were press ganged by Indonesia. Has that report commissioned by your own Foreign Ministry in any way influenced or help you to form your views? Well, that report has been asked for by the Dutch Parliament, and of course we've read the report, but that doesn't take away the fact that we do respect the territorial integrity of Indonesia. The internal responsibilities, as far as the autonomy is concerned, and the more general aspects around human rights, of course you can look back to the future - to the past, but now it is more important to look to the future and we are - we have of course responsibilities in the past to Indonesia,

but at this moment, I must say, we respect the responsibility for Indonesia itself. How seriously, though, did you take the report because those findings were very damning of the way in which Indonesia took control of Papua. Yeah, I can imagine that and I can imagine also that analysts are writing conclusions and of course I do respect by myself. I was an academic professor in Amsterdam. So I respect the independency of the research activities, but in my capacity as Prime Minister I have to say I have to underline the responsibility and independence of Indonesia and of course it's not the responsibility of professors to intervene in specific situations What we can do is talk about the situation in the country. We can talk in general terms about human rights aspects. We can talk about the implementation of important laws on autonomy. That is our responsibility. Of course we've seen that report, but this is the general attitude of our government. So do you have actually have concerns about the situation in Papua? I mentioned already organisations like Human Rights Force

and it is important to see this analysis and these are issues that can be discussed and if there is violence of human rights then of course you have to be active and that is what I'm doing in the country where I am. If there are difficulties in the sphere of human rights, we talk about it. But do you think there is in this case because, as we see with these Papuan asylum seekers who are coming to this country, many of them bring with them rather terrible stories with what is happening there. But the problem is because you talk in general terms about the human rights and if you talk about asylum seekers, these are individual cases and of course it's not my role to intervene in individual cases and of course you must be a bit careful to draw too general conclusions on the basis of individual situations. The reason - I suppose it is important for you because it is in a fact your country's historical accident that Papua has ended up as part of Indonesia. I mean, as this situation evolved through history I'm wondering does that bring with it any special responsibility for the Dutch Government?

I think I've already given an answer to your question because you asked it before. Well, not exactly. I mean, I suppose what you are saying is that realpolitik outweighs what is right or wrong? The question is, we've had developments in the past. We can look back to what had happened, but at this moment it's also a matter of respecting the territorial integrity of Indonesia.

We do that and on the basis of dialogue you can talk about several issues, but on the basis of mutual recognition of the responsibilities.

OK. But one of those issues is autonomy. Yeah. That's been a discussion that's been held for a rather long time and I underline the importance of these laws of Indonesia and as a matter of implementation and in a foreign policy, more than often we talked about those important issues. OK. Let's move on to another part of the world and contemporary politics. Why are you sending more Dutch troops to Afghanistan after withdrawing Dutch troops from Iraq? I don't think it is right to say more troops to Afghanistan than 1,000 people in Iraq. because we already had lots more than we promised to be. We've been there longer underlined the importance Also, the Netherlands of supporting the people of Iraq and now we're going to Afghanistan. in the two countries. Of course there are differences The regime of Saddam Hussein of the United Nations, that did not respect the resolution the Taliban regime and, on the other hand, for the people in Afghanistan. and all the difficulties it is important At the moment we've said responsibility and solidarity that the countries show their

of the people of Afghanistan. and Dutch Parliament That's the reason by the government the majority of the parliament to Afghanistan. decided to send 1,400 troops was pulling out of Iraq The controversial thing because some people would say

the Dutch troops left southern Iraq before the job is done? No, that's not correct. I think that the Netherlands played a very good contribution to the developments in Iraq. We've been there with a lot of people we will be in Iraq and we said for a certain time and then we extended our stay and when we finalised our work, for our contribution in Iraq. the British and Americans thanked us time with a lot of people. We've been there for a rather long and replaced you Now the Australians have gone in al-Muthana province. operation? Is it a particularly dangerous There are risks. different than other parts. The situation in that area is a bit there are uncertainties. But of course of course we had also difficulties, At the time when we were there but -- You lost several troops there? in that area. Yes, we lost two military people

when somebody dies. Of course, it's really terrible in general terms. But it's difficult to talk Things can change in a country. Did those two deaths, pull the Dutch troops out of Iraq? did they influence the decision to No. Not at all? No. was the decision taken So on what basis situation is still unstable in Iraq. because clearly the security still a requirement There's obviously

for foreign troops to be there to replace the Dutch troops? because the Australians had to go in to stop our activities, The decision that we've taken of what we decided earlier. that was on the basis for a certain period We decided to be in Iraq by eight months and then we extended our stay to our partners but then we also said other countries to be active now it's the task for we're not only active in Iraq, and they did that because and active in Africa but active in the Balkans what we promised to do. and we've done more domestic topic in this case, Let's move on to another topic and but linked, Dr Balkenende. in the Australian Government Have you spoken to anyone immigration policies about the Netherlands' tough at Islamic migration? aimed specifically, it appears, tough migration policy. You are talking about

in terms of an honest policy. I think it's better to talk

Because what happened in the past, came to the Netherlands in the past many people in the Netherlands, and then they were but were they really integrated? to speak the Dutch language. The problem is they were not able with obeying the Dutch rules, Sometimes we had problems the rule of law,

was common values and we had difficulty in a peaceful and respectful way and you need common values to live with each other. why we looked to the situation That's the reason immigration policy and we said we have to change by example. what we see in the Netherlands Young people from Turkey, to get in that country in many cases they go to Turkey you want to start your own family, and then we say if some criteria. then you need to fulfil the Dutch language. The partner must be able to speak There are some financial criteria. of a certain level Your income has to be

dependent on the facilities because otherwise you are then in the Netherlands. that we look to these criteria. I think it's good to the Netherlands Otherwise, people come without having a real future is with this criteria and our intention the people can really participate in our society. that have been put in place Can you explain the cultural tests and how they work? by your Immigration Minister three things: Yeah. The tests have to do with of the Dutch language; basic knowledge knowing about Dutch democracy;

and history. and knowing about Dutch culture do have an understanding I think it is also good that people in and we have these tests about the country they want to get of origin to prepare them and we ask people in the country for the tests and our embassies will organise it.

potential immigrants It's reported in fact that have to watch a video women and a homosexual marriage. which includes scenes of topless The idea, I imagine they're coming into. being to show what sort of country course much more is on the video. There's only a few seconds but of in the reports, obviously. That's what has been picked up and I can't imagine that. That's always happening You have to look at the whole video

about Dutch society and it gives the impression what the society is about, and it's good that people see people do get a good understanding but the most important thing is that

of the Netherlands. about the culture of the Netherlands? What is the history What does democracy mean? What's the type of country you want to enter? Were these changes aimed at Islamic immigrants specifically because they seem to come very soon after the murder of Theo van Gogh? It's a bit different in the Netherlands. You know we have a population of 16 million people

and 1 million belong to an Islamic group. It is different to Australia. I would like to underline that most, really a large group of them want to live in a peaceful, friendly way in the Netherlands. They do respect other religions and cultures in my country, so that's not the problem. The problem is more the extremists who views the Islamic religion for their own activities and we have to be very careful with them because these activities and attitudes can lead to several problems and we are aware of that is following everything. and our intelligence service We've changed also our laws. of an extremist group If you're a member authorities in the Netherlands. then you can do with legal So we take it very seriously. that people are being criticised But we must avoid the situation to an Islamic group only because they belong that can never be the case.

of being honest. So it's also a matter

in the past If you look to the migration a lot of people came from countries like Turkey and Morocco. At this moment we are more strict in our criteria, we talked about the test and so on and I think they will contribute also to better participation. Dr Balkenende, we have to leave it there. Thank you for taking the time to come and talk to us on Lateline. Thank you very much. Public interest lawyers are calling for a change to the system of on-the-spot fines. With a new study showing that homeless and disadvantaged people are bearing the brunt of thousands of fines for minor infringements. With transit officers having issued more than a 130,000 fines in just the past 12 months, the lawyers say the system is inflexible and bent on revenue raising. Philippa McDonald reports. Sydhom Nakhla battles depression and lives on a disability support pension. Recently, he was approached by two rail transit officers and, without warning, he was fined $400 for smoking on the platform. He could say, you know, "No smoking on the platform," and I would put the cigarette off. I never doing anything wrong - you know, I don't like to break the law or do anything wrong. Paying the fine would have meant Mr Nakhla would have had just $50 over two weeks. It makes me really more stressed this fine - $400, that's a lot of money, even if someone working - that's a lot of money. His fine was overturned in court, but his case is not an isolated one. At legal services for homeless people around NSW, lawyers are hearing similar reports from clients unable to comprehend or pay mounting fines. One client had accrued $15,000 worth of fines, which had been compounded by enforcement costs. In looking at the fines we compared the kind of fines people get for public transport offences with driving offences, for example,

many of which are safety related. The fine that a person can be issued with for offensive language or conduct, or spitting on a station, is $400 - that's the on-the-spot fine. That compares to a $300 fine for failing to stop at a red light and for negligent driving. In the past 3.5 years, the NSW railways, or RailCorp, has employed 600 transit officers to protect passengers and it's on the railways that disadvantaged people are most likely to be fined. And sometimes than can be in the order of three infringements on one occasion, which exceeds $1,000. There's gotta be a justification for it and, generally speaking, there a fairly serious circumstances around that - it may be safety issues, it may be extreme antisocial behaviour. RailCorp insists it's policies are compassionate and in the interests of passenger safety. Since transit officers took to the tracks there's been a 25% decrease in crime on the State's railways. It's very much safer now to travel on train services because of transit officers and we are constantly improving to get our processes right. Over the past 12 months, transit officers on NSW railways have issued 134,000 fines averaging $200 each. $84,000 of those are yet to be paid. 6,000 fines were ruled invalid in court. Another 13,000 were waived by the railways' own appeal process. The Public Interest Advocacy Centre says the system needs to be changed, officers need to use more discretion, fines could be linked to income and community service could be an option. Philippa McDonald, Lateline. To the markets now. The All Ords and the ASX 200 kept on climbing today.

The big miners pushed the market ahead with BHP Billiton announcing plans to boost uranium and copper production. Media stocks were mixed. Woodside strengthened. And the Commonwealth Bank gained $0.70. In the region - The hang Seng is higher while the Nikkei has fallen.

In London, the FTSE is down. On the commodities markets - both gold and oil are lower. And the Australian dollar is buying US$0.7238. Now, to the weather. Windy with showers in Canberra, Melbourne and Hobart, a shower or two also in Adelaide, monsoonal showers for Darwin, rain clearing from Brisbane in the afternoon and fine tomorrow in Sydney and Perth. And that's all for this evening. Tonight's interview and our other stories and transcripts are on our website at abc.net.au/lateline. I'll be back tomorrow night so please join me then. Goodnight. Closed Captions produced by Captioning and Subtitling International Pty Ltd

THEME MUSIC

This man's wife has been sold for $1,000 to a notorious and violent sex trafficker. His only hope of ever seeing Katia again is to pose as a trafficker himself and try to buy her back. If he fails, she may disappear into a life of sexual slavery. The traffickers in women have worked out that they can make as much money out of trafficking in women as they can in drugs. Tonight, from Britain's Channel 4, On the trail of Katia and a vicious criminal trade - the trafficking of women for sexual exploitation. Katia's journey into sexual slavery began in Odessa, the organised crime capital of Ukraine.

Europe's largest supplier of trafficked women. Odessa's port is a magnet for traffickers. So many women are caught up in the trade that an office has been set up here specifically to help the victims and their families. Today, Viorel is here hoping to get help finding his wife.

Viorel's nightmare began when his friend Vlad, who had travelled to Turkey with Katia, phoned him.

Like many sex traffic victims, Katia went to Turkey by boat from Odessa. The Ukrainian Secret Service has tipped off the crew about a woman who regularly uses this port. We'll call her Olga.