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Downer speaks at security summit -

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Downer speaks at security summit

Reporter: Adrian Raschella

TONY JONES: An international security summit in Sydney has heard urgent action is needed to prevent
nuclear terrorism.

The Foreign Minister says there'll be global pandemonium if terrorists detonate a dirty bomb.

Adrian Raschella reports.

ADRIAN RASCHELLA: The danger is "real, current, and everywhere".

That's the warning from the head of the world's nuclear watchdog, who says it's only a matter of
time before terrorists get hold of a radioactive weapon.

MOHAMED ELBARADEI, INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY: We need not wait to see the kind of
situation like 9/11 or Chernobyl for the international community to act.

ADRIAN RASCHELLA: Thirty Asia-Pacific countries are meeting in Sydney to look at improving security
at nuclear facilities and preventing an attack.

The Foreign Minister says the most likely scenario would be terrorists making a dirty bomb - that
is a bomb using conventional explosives to spread radioactive material.

ALEXANDER DOWNER, FOREIGN MINISTER: Cause panic, concern, not necessarily kill many people in the
one-off explosion, but certainly cause widespread concern.

ADRIAN RASCHELLA: The summit was told prevention was the key - countries must do more to better
protect radioactive material, like hospital waste and nuclear power plants and weapons.

And urgent action is needed to wipe out the black market in radioactive materials.

MOHAMED EL BARADEI: We still have a lot of work to do.

We are racing against time.

We have to cross our fingers that nothing will happen.

ADRIAN RASCHELLA: Dr El Baradei says there's no way of knowing how soon terrorists could be armed
with a nuclear weapon or a dirty bomb.

ALEXANDER DOWNER: If there were to be a terrorist incident involving nuclear material, there would
be a sense of global pandemonium.

ADRIAN RASCHELLA: But there is some optimism, with the summit welcoming a preliminary agreement by
Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment program.

Adrian Raschella, Lateline.