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Notice given 22 August 2001

3845  Senator Cook: To ask the Minister representing the Treasurer—

(1) How much has the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) received to date (by fiscal year) from its crackdown on research and development syndicates, and can these figures be broken down by type of syndicate (eg. industry sector).

(2) How much has the ATO budgeted to receive from its crackdown on research and development syndicates from the 2001-02 to 2004-05 financial years, and can these figures be broken down by type of syndicate (eg. industry sector).

3846  Senator Schacht: To ask the Minister representing the Attorney-General—With reference to the report of 4 September 1997 on religion in Australia, in which the United Nations Special Rapporteur, Mr Abdelfattah Amor said: ‘Although a citizen cannot apply for a remedy on the basis of the 1981 Declaration [on the Elimination of all Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief], such an application is possible in the context of HREOC. In this connection, HREOC representatives said that, because of their limited jurisdiction, only few of such remedies had been applied for under the 1981 Declaration (fewer than 10 since 1993)’:

(1) On what basis can an individual apply to the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (HREOC) for a remedy in respect of discrimination on the basis of religion.

(2) Why is the jurisdiction of HREOC limited with respect to the protection of individuals against discrimination on the basis of religion.

3847  Senator Harris: To ask the Minister representing the Attorney-General—With reference to the Family Court of Australia:

(1) What level of training and ongoing training is required to be completed by counsellors of the Family Court of Australia in relation to Parental Alienation Syndrome, an extremely severe, divisive and life-threatening form of mental and emotional abuse, affecting not only children but also adults.

(2) How many counsellors, and with what qualifications, have been specifically educated in Parental Alienation Syndrome.

(3) For counsellors who are not qualified psychologists or psychiatrists: can details be provided of the method and number of interviews required for the counsellors to be able to identify Parental Alienation Syndrome.

(4) How many studies have been completed by the Family Court of Australia since the publication of papers by Dr Richard Gardner (United States), Dr Kenneth Byrne (Melbourne), Dr Ira Turk (United States), Dr Douglas Darnell and Peggie Ward, PhD, amongst many professionals worldwide since 1985.

(5) How many cases of Parental Alienation Syndrome have been identified by counsellors since 1989, following the article published in the Australian Family Lawyer by Dr Kenneth Byrne.

(6) What training has been provided to Family Court of Australia justices and judicial registrars on Parental Alienation Syndrome.

(7) (a) How many cases of Parental Alienation Syndrome have been identified by the justices and judicial registrars; and (b) what are the directions and orders which have been made.

(8) In how many cases has the Family Court of Australia ordered its own experts to inquire into and produce a report before the court and to give evidence in person and be able to be cross-examined by all parties, under order 30A rule (3) of the Family Law Rules 1984.