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Senator Kroger, at the request of Senators Mason and Cormann and pursuant to notice of motion not objected to as a formal motion, moved general business notice of motion no. 877—That the Senate—

 (a) notes that 23 August is the European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism (also known as International Black Ribbon Day), which:

  (i) commemorates the tens of millions of those who were murdered by fascist and communist totalitarianism in the 20th century, as well as those imprisoned, deported and persecuted by fascist and communist regimes,

  (ii) is the anniversary of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact, the non-aggression treaty signed on 23 August 1939 by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, which partitioned Eastern Europe between them and gave a green light to the commencement of World War II,

  (iii) was first held in 1986 as a day of protest and remembrance around the world, including in Australia, before spreading to the Baltic states where, in 1989, two million Latvians, Lithuanians and Estonians formed a human chain to protest the continuing Soviet occupation of their countries, and

  (iv) was adopted by the European Parliament in 2009 and is commemorated in many European Union countries, including Great Britain, as well as in Canada and Georgia; and

 (b) joins in remembering all the victims of Nazism and Stalinism.

Question put and passed.