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Thursday, 14 May 1998
Page: 2920


Senator Bartlett asked the Minister representing the Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs, upon notice, on 23 March 1998:

With reference to an article in the Sydney Morning Herald of 19 March 1998, which reported the Minister as saying that parents migrating to Australia as part of family reunion programs come disproportionately from countries which do not have social security systems: (a) can a detailed breakdown be provided of the countries of origin of the migrants who were issued parent visas in the financial years of 1995-96, 1996-97 and to date in 1997-98; and (b) can a breakdown be provided of these countries of origin which do not have social security systems.


Senator Vanstone (Minister for Justice) —The Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs has provided the following answer to the honourable senator's question:

(a) Table 1 below provides a detailed breakdown of the countries of origin (by country of birth) of the migrants who were issued subclass 103 and 804 parent visas for the financial years 1995-96 through to 30 March 1998.

A breakdown has only been provided with respect to countries which represent 1 percent or more of the total number of parent visa grants from 1995-96 to 30 March 1998. Of the 17,350 parent visas issued over the period, 14,643 or 84.5 percent came from these countries. The remaining 2,707 visas were distributed across a further 89 countries.

(b) Of the 18 major source countries, only the United Kingdom has so far been assessed by the Department of Social Security as having a social security system broadly comparable to Australia's (that is, being able to provide a reciprocal level of coverage of age or other pensions for Australians who move to those countries).

TABLE 1

103 AND 804

PARENT VISAS GRANTED 1995-96, 1997-98, 1997-98 (TO 30 MARCH 1998)COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN (BY COUNTRY OF BIRTH)

Country of Birth

1995-98 (To 30 March)

1995-96

1996-97

1997-98 (To 30 March)

No of Visas

% of Parent Visa Grants

No of Visas

No of Visas

No of Visas

China 1

6318

36.4

3248

2816

254

United Kingdom 2

2164

12.5

1209

830

125

India

878

5.1

500

329

49

Former USSR and the Baltic States 3

795

4.6

406

349

40

Vietnam

656

3.8

346

270

40

Fiji

475

2.7

251

199

25

Republic of South Africa

472

2.7

183

248

41

Sri Lanka

456

2.6

204

221

31

Philippines

399

2.3

149

214

36

Hong Kong

332

1.9

168

152

12

Yugoslavia 4

320

1.8

158

128

34

Poland

239

1.4

113

104

22

Malaysia

219

1.3

103

99

17

Lebanon

201

1.2

85

94

22

Egypt

186

1.1

95

83

8

Iraq

185

1.1

72

9716

Iran

177

1.0

99

72

6

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

171

1.0

73

87

11

Other 5

2707

15.5

1251

1173

283

Total

17350

100

8713

7565

1072 6

1 Excludes Taiwan.

2 Includes England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Channel Islands and Isle of Man.

3 Includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.

4 Includes Yugoslavia (so stated).

5 Each country of origin in this group represents less than 1% of the total number of parent visa grants for the period from 1995-98 (to 30 March 1998).

6 Includes applications for visas lodged prior to the Migration Reform Act which are not covered by capping.