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Wednesday, 24 October 1984
Page: 2420

(Question No. 1129)


Senator Missen asked the Minister representing the Minister for Foreign Affairs , upon notice, on 10 September 1984:

(1) Can the Minister for Foreign Affairs indicate what percentages Australia's contribution to the United Nations and its agencies represents in respect of each of the various amounts and budgets mentioned in the answer. (See answer to the House of Representatives Question on Notice No. 361, Hansard, 28 February 1984)

(2) What was the total final expenditure on United Nations activities and operations for the last full year on which there is data, and using the widest definition.

(3) What was Australia's total contribution and what percentage of total expenditure did Australia's contribution represent.

(4) Can the Minister provide similar percentages for all member States of the United Nations.

(5) Can the Minister provide a complete list of all countries or national entities e.g. Hong Kong, Taiwan, which are not members of the United Nations.


Senator Gareth Evans —The Minister for Foreign Affairs has provided the following answer to the honourable senator's question:

(1) The percentages of Australia's contributions to the United Nations and its agencies in respect of each of the various amounts and budgets mentioned in the answer to the House of Representatives Question on Notice No. 361 (Hansard, 28 February 1984) are as follows:

(a) Australia's percentage of assessed contributions in 1983 to the United Nations multilateral organisations were-

Per cent United Nations regular budget 1.57 ILO 1.82 FAO 2.24 UNESCO 1.81 IAEA 1.85 IMO 0.43 UPU 2.35 ITU 4.19 ICAO 1.94 GATT 1.35 FAO, Regional Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia, the Far East, and South-West Pacific 6.68 International Agency for Research On Cancer 6.50 UNEP -CITES 1.57 UNESCO-Convention for the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage 1.81 WMO 1.79 WHO 1.80 WIPO 3.20 Committee to Eliminate Racial Discrimination 1.58

(b) Budget Paper No. 9 provides details of Australia's voluntary contributions to United Nations multilateral development organisations and special programs as determined within the total of Australia's annual aid appropriations for 1984-85 . The percentages of total contributions represented by voluntary contributions in 1982 (the last full year for which United Nations figures are available) were :

Per cent UNDP 2.15 UNHCR 4.30 WFP 2.58 UNICEF 2.29 UNIDO 2.63 UNRWA 0 .81 UNFPA 1.19 UNITAR 1.25 UNEP 1.53 UNDP Administered Trust Funds 2.18 UN Trust Funds and Special Programs 1.92

(c) Other Australian voluntary contributions to United Nations organisations from Department of Foreign Affairs appropriations in 1982 and 1983 were:

United Nations Peace and Disarmament Activities-$A50,000.

Australia's contribution cannot be accurately expressed as a percentage of total contributions as other contributions were made in a variety of currencies converted at different rates at different times. Contributions are listed in United Nations documents in original currencies.

IAEA Nuclear Safeguards Assistance Program- $A201,710.

Australia's contribution cannot be expressed as a percentage of total contributions. Individual countries' contributions are contained in those countries' national budget papers. The IAEA budget contains only the direct contributions from each country. It does not include indirect contributions such as equipment, research and development agreements, contracts and test programs.

(d) Australia's percentage contributions to United Nations peacekeeping and observer forces in 1983 were:

Per cent United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) (includes cost of maintaining police contingent in Cyprus) 3.54 United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) 1.57 United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) 1 .57

Australia's contributions to the United Nations Military Observer Group ( UNMOGIP) and the United Nations Truce Supervisory Organisation (UNTSO), which consist of salaries and support costs of Australian Defence Force personnel serving with these bodies, cannot readily be expressed as percentages of total contributions.

(2) The total final expenditure on United Nations activities and operations for 1982 (the last full year for which there is data) is based on total assessed and voluntary contributions by United Nations member states and non-member states which were $US4,806,172,000. Assessed contributions were $US1,709,754,000 and voluntary contributions were $US3,096,418,200.

(3) Australia's contribution for 1982 (the last full year for which there is data) was $US106,438,400 comprising $US33,387,400 for assessed contributions and $US73,051,000 for voluntary contributions. This represents 2.21 per cent of total contributions.

(4) No. Assessed and voluntary contributions by other members of the United Nations vary with each organisation. With the range of organisations, programs, special funds and emergency appeals involved, it is not feasible to provide accurate figures.

(5) Only independent states may become full members of the United Nations. There are a number of States (e.g. Kiribati, Republic of Korea, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, the Holy See, Nauru, Switzerland, Tonga, Tuvalu) which, for differing reasons, are not members of the United Nations although they participate in the work of various United Nations programs or specialised agencies. There are, in addition, a number of entities which have some characteristics of nation States and also take part in the work of United Nations programs and the specialised agencies, but cannot be members of the United Nations. There are some other entities which are the subject of international dispute and may be recognised as independent states by some UN members and not by others, and are not members of the United Nations. In addition, a number of national liberation movements claiming to represent particular territories are given observer, but not member, status in the United Nations.