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Tuesday, 11 September 1984
Page: 835


Senator TOWNLEY(10.30) —I would like to take a few minutes of the Senate's time tonight to refer first of all to an editorial that appeared in the Toronto Star of 7 July. Although that is a reasonably long time ago, I think it suits the issue I want to develop this evening. If the Attorney-General (Senator Gareth Evans) agrees, I seek leave to incorporate the article in Hansard.

Leave granted.

The article read as follows-

ROLLING OUT THE BARREL

Pierre Elliott Trudeau has pirouetted back into private life with a fine flourish of contempt for the Canadian public. A departing prime minister might be forgiven for rewarding a small handful of deserving long-time comrades-in- arms with plum jobs or cushy contracts. In an imperfect world, its hard to think of a democracy that hasn't built in some system of rewards and incentives for the party faithful. But a last waltz with 146 or more partners is simply indecent.

''The 'pork barrel,''' wrote M. Grattan O'Leary 60 years ago, ''dispensed with equal rapacity by all parties and governments since Confederation . . . has been the chief source of whatever corruption has degraded our public life . . . It has sinned more than all other agencies combined against efficiency and honesty in politics.''

Harsh words. But they reflect the public's revulsion at the thought that public service jobs are there to be plundered by the government of the day, or used as a dumping-ground for the tired party hacks. The public may have learned to swallow patronage in small doses, but there's still a healthy choking at patronage on the scale that we've just seen.

There's no doubting that party politics and public service can and do mix. Former Liberal cabinet minister Gerard Pelletier is serving with distinction as our ambassador to the United Nations. Former Liberal minister Don Jamieson is an effective High Commissioner in London. So was Tory appointee Jean Wadds before him. Former privy council secretary Michael Pitfield is playing a useful role in the Senate. There have always been outstanding people who have devoted a lifetime to public service-even in a partisan cause-whose talents, energy and experience can subsequently be put to work for the public in some other, appointed job.

But when hundreds of people are suddenly appointed to fat and comfortable posts just so a retiring prime minister can pay off old cronies, the public is right to be offended. What special qualities do all these speechwriters, wives of friends, defeated candidates and tired party war-horses bring with them to jobs on aviation boards, museum boards, the bench or ambassadorships? What possible public interest can be served by such appointments?

Nor have we seen the bottom of the barrel. The incoming prime minister has been strong-armed into promising a new raft of appointments, when the time is right. All in all, it's shabby business.


Senator TOWNLEY —Part of the editorial states:

There have always been outstanding people who have devoted a lifetime to public service-even in a partisan cause-whose talents, energy and experience can subsequently be put to work for the public in some other, appointed job.

What I am developing tonight is the view that this Government appears to be going down the track that Mr Trudeau went down when he left office earlier this year. As those who read what I have just incorporated will see, at that time Mr Trudeau asked that certain public servants, or other people who have worked for him or within his Party, be appointed to certain positions. The contribution of some of those people could really be of benefit to the community if they continued to work, but I believe some other people did not deserve to get the jobs that they got. An editorial in the Australian of 5 September this year-when it appeared that there was going to be a change of government in Canada-stated:

Mr Turner--

who took over office from Mr Trudeau--

got off to a bad start by appointing 17 top Liberals to Government posts- Australians label it jobs for the boys-on Mr Trudeau's recommendation. The Tories seized on this as a sign of weak leadership and it dogged him throughout the campaign.

I have a document that was given to me. It is headed 'Jobs for the Boys and Girls' and it is dated July this year. It lists many of the positions that have been filled in one way or another throughout this country by appointees of the Government. I have shown it to the Attorney and with the concurrence of the Senate I seek leave to have it incorporated in Hansard.

Leave granted.

The document read as follows-

JOBS FOR THE BOYS AND GIRLS

Millions of dollars are being spent each year by the Hawke Government rewarding friends of the Labor Party.

Up until July, on the latest count the Labor Government had filled more than 80 appointments to various Boards and Authorities with union officials.

These range from Mr Laurie Carmichael's appointment to the Advisory Committee on Prices and Incomes to Mr Charlie Fitzgibbon's job as a member of the Reserve Bank.

A further 17 ''jobs for the boys and girls'' have gone to former Labor politicians or Party Presidents such as Mr Gough Whitlam's appointment as Australian Ambassador to UNESCO and former ALP President, Mr Neil Batt as Chairman of the Commonwealth Serum Laboratories.

More than 20 former Labor staff members and friends have gained special highly paid positions while the Labor Party's election campaign advertising agency and opinion polling companies are being paid hundreds of thousands of dollars, from taxpayers' pockets, for special Government jobs.

All of this comes from a Government and a Prime Minister who made a Policy Speech Promise that ''Labor in office will be committed to . . . cutting away extravagance and self indulgence in public office''.

The last Labor Government was well known for its 'jobs for the boys (and girls) ' programme. The current Labor Government turned this into an art form in the following categories:

jobs for politicians

jobs for unionists

jobs for political staffers and friends

assistance for the business interest of friends

Jobs for Politicians

This list so far includes

Mr Gough Whitlam appointed Australian Ambassador to UNESCO (Commonwealth Record 8/18, p. 567)

Dr Moss Cass, former Whitlam Government Minister, was appointed to the Australian Institute of Multicultural Affairs Council (CR 8/49, p. 2176)

Mr Les Johnson, former Whitlam Government Minister, was appointed High Commissioner to New Zealand (CR 9/14, p. 550)

Mr Don Willesee, former Whitlam Government Minister, appointed Chairman of the Australia-New Zealand Foundation (CR 8/27, p. 972)

Mrs Kathleen Anderson, former Labor MLC in NSW, appointed to a Committee to review the Experimental Building Station, Ryde, NSW (CR 8/49, p. 2172)

Mr K. Doyle, Labor MHA in ACT, appointed to ACT Publications Review Board (CR 9 /5, P.123)

Mr Tony Mulvihill, former NSW Senator, was appointed Deputy Chairman of the National Population Council (Hansard, Representatives, 7/6/84, p. 3071)

Mrs Franca Arena, NSW MLC, was appointed to the National Population Council ( Hansard, Representatives, 7/6/84, p. 3071)

Mr M. Everett QC, former Tasmanian Deputy Premier, appointed President of the Interstate Commission (CR 9/10, p. 357)

Mr M. Everett, QC, former Tasmanian Deputy Premier, was appointed to the bench of the Federal Court (Australian, 28/6/84)

Ms Pam O'Neil, former Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Northern Territory , was appointed Sex Discrimination Commissioner (Sydney Morning Herald, 28/6/84)

Ms Robin Walsmsley, Labor MHA in the ACT, was appointed to a panel reviewing welfare services in the ACT (CR 9/21, p.946)

Ms Sue Craven, Labor MHA in the ACT, was appointed to the ACTION liaison body to review bus services (CR 9/22, p. 1041)

Mr Hugh Hudson, former Deputy Premier of South Australia, appointed Chairman of the Territory Education Commission (CR 9/11, p. 381)

Mrs Elaine Darling MP, appointed member of Australian War Memorial Council ( Senate Hansard, 2/3/84)

Mr Neil Batt, former ALP National President, appointed Chairman of Commonwealth Serum Laboratories (Australian, 7/7/84)

Mr Justice McClelland, Chief Judge of the Land and Environment Court of NSW ( and former Labor Minister under Whitlam) appointed head of a judicial enquiry into the British atomic test (Age, 3/7/84)

Jobs for Unionists

While it is accepted that some committees have a mandatory provision of union representatives, it is nonetheless interesting to see the numbers (and personnel ) appointed. The list so far includes:

Mr George Slater, formerly of the Australian Postal and Telecommunications Union, appointed as part time Commissioner of Telecom (CR 8/49, p. 2129)

Mr John Ducker, former NSW ALP President, was appointed to the Board of Qantas (CR 8/34, p. 1296)

Mr R. G. Cook, Secretary of NSW Health and Research Employees' Association, appointed to Board of Commonwealth Accommodation and Catering Services Ltd. (CR 8/27, p. 955)

Mr T. Crothers, Secretary, Liquor Trades Union, Adelaide, appointed to Board of Commonwealth Accommodation and Catering Services Ltd (CR 8/27, p. 955)

Ms Jan Marsh of the ACTU appointed as Director of the ABC (CR 8/23. p. 772)

Mr C. W. McDonald, Secretary of the ACT Trades and Labour Council, appointment of membership of Canberra Commercial Development Authority (CR 8/22, p. 750)

Mr A. McLeish, Secretary of Electrical Trades union (NSW) reappointed as director of AIDC (CR 8/16, p.503)

Mr G. Hogg, Victorian Trades Hall Council, appointed to Australia-China Council (CR 8/28, p. 1020)

Mr B. C. Lock, former executive member of Administrative and Clerical Officers Association in Adelaide, appointed to Administrative Appeals Tribunal (CR 8/38, p. 1548)

Mr H. Hauenschild, President of Queensland Trades and Labor Council, reappointment to TAFE Council of Commonwealth Tertiary Education Commission (CR 8/38, p. 1552)

Mr G. Weaven, Industrial Officer ACTU, appointed to Car Industry Council (CR 8/ 41, p. 1718)

Mr Ted Lipscombe, organiser, AMFSU, appointed to Car Industry Council (CR 8/41, p.1718)

Mr G. Harris, Industrial Officer, Association of Drafting, Supervisory and Technical Employers, appointed to Car Industry Council (CR 8/41, p. 1718)

Mr L. Townsend, Federal Secretary VBU, appointed to Car Industry Council (CR 8/ 41, p. 1718)

Mr S. Crean, ACTU, appointed to Advisory Committee on Prices and Incomes (CR 8/ 43, p. 1779)

Mr W. J. Kelty, ACTU, appointment to Advisory Committee on Prices and Incomes ( CR 8/43, p. 1779)

Mr J. Halfpenny, AMFSU, appointed to Australian Manufacturing Council (CR 9/13, p. 496)

Mr C. Harvey, PKIU, appointed to Australian Manufacturing Council (CR 9/13, p. 496)

Mr J. Kelty, ACTU, appointed to Australian Manufacturing Council (CR 9/13, p. 496)

Mr W. Mansfield, Australian Telecommunications Employees Association, appointed to Australian Manufacturing Council (CR 9/13, p. 496)

Mr C. Northover, Pulp and Paperworkers Federation, appointed to Australian Manufacturing Council (CR 9/13, p. 496)

Mr W. Hopkins, Federated Ironworkers, appointed to Basic Metals Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 555)

Mr W. Martin, AMFSU, appointed to Basic Metals Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 555)

(and two further union representatives to be named to this Council)

Mr S. Harrison, Federated Ironworkers, appointed to Chemical and Plastics Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 556)

Mr J. Ryan, Federated Rubber and Allied Workers Union, appointed to Chemicals and Plastics Industries Council (CR 9/14, p. 556)

(three further union representatives to be appointed to this Council)

Mr C. Northover, Pulp and Paper Workers, appointed Chairman of Forestry and Forest Products Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 556)

Mr C. Harvey, PKIU, appointed to Forestry and Forest Products Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 556)

Mr K. G. Carr, Furnishing Trades, appointed to Forestry and Forest Products Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 556)

(Two further union representatives to be named to this Council)

Mr L. Carmichael, AMFSU, appointed to Metal Fabrication Council (CR 9/14, p. 556)

Mr W. A. Greig, Association of Drafting Supervisory and Technical Employees, appointed to Metal Fabrication Council (CR 9/14, p. 556)

Mr R. Morgan, Australasian Society of Engineers, appointed to Metal Fabrication Council (CR 9/14, p. 556)

Mr R. Redmond, Federated Ironworkers, appointed to Metal Fabrication Council ( CR 9/14, p. 556)

Mr S. Maurice, AMFSU, appointed to Paper Conversion, Printing and Publishing Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 557)

Mr C. Harvey, PKIU, appointed to Paper Conversion, Printing and Publishing Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 557)

Mr J. Cahill, PKIU, appointed to Paper Conversion, Printing and Publishing Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 557)

Mr B. J. Eames, Manufacturing Grocers Employees Federation, appointed Proposed Food Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 557)

Mr L. Shelley, Cold Storage and Meat Preserving Employees, appointed to Proposed Food Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 557)

Mr S. W. Norwak, Pastrycooks, Bakers, Biscuit Makers etc., appointed to Proposed Food Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 557)

Mr T. D. Ryan, Food Preservers Union, appointed to Proposed Food Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 557)

Mr F. Peterson, Clothing and Allied Trades, appointed to Textiles, Clothing and Footwear Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 557)

Mr S. W. Bitmead, Australian Boot Trade Employees, appointed to Textiles, Clothing and Footwear Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 557)

Mr W. Hughes, Australian Textile Workers, appointed to Textiles, Clothing and Footwear Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 557)

Ms A. Booth, Clothing and Allied Trades, appointed to Textiles, Clothing and Footwear Industry Council (CR 9/14, p. 557)

Mr J. Halfpenny, AMFSU, appointed Chairman of Machinery and Metal Engineering Council (CR 9/14, p. 557)

Mr G. N. Whitehead, Draughting, Supervisory and Technical Employees, appointed to Machinery and Metal Engineering Council (CR 9/14, p. 557)

Mr J. G. Caesar, Federated Ironworkers, appointed to Machinery and Metal Engineering Council (CR 9/14, p. 557)

Mr R. Morgan, Australasian Society of Engineers, appointed to Machinery and Metal Engineering Council (CR 9/14, p. 557)

Mr W. Mansfield, Telecommunications Employees, appointed Chairman of the Electrical, Electronics and Information Industries Council (CR 9/14, p. 558)

Mr E. Cowell, representing the ACTU, appointed to Electrical, Electronics and Information Industries Council (CR 9/14, p. 558)

Mr T. Oliver, representing ACTU, appointed to Electrical, Electronics and Information Industries Council (CR 9/14, p. 558)

(Two further union representatives to be named for this Council)

Mr James Baird, research co-ordinator with AMFSU, appointed to Arbitration Commission (CR 9/16, p. 688)

Mr Peter Nolan, former Secretary of the ACTU, appointed to Arbitration Commission (CR 9/16, p. 688)

Mr Ken Stone, Vice President ACTU, appointed to Foreign Investment Review Board (CR 9/21, p. 949)

Mr James Maher, President of Shop Distributive and Allied Employees, appointed to the Board of the Bicentennial Authority (CR 9/21, p. 935)

Mr Ray Gietzelt, former Secretary of MWU, appointed to Qantas Board (Australian , 20/6/84)

Mr George Zangalis, ''a Victorian union official'', appointed as member of SBS (CR 9/20, p. 861)

Ms Jan Marsh, ACTU, appointed as member of EPAC, (Senate Hansard, 2/3/84)

Mr J. Maher, Shop Distributive and Allied Employees, appointed to Small Business Council (CR 9/10, p. 343)

Mr C. Dolan, ACTU President, appointed member of EPAC (CR 8/28, p. 1031)

Mr W. J. Kelty, ACTU, appointed member of EPAC (CR 8/28, p. 1031)

Mr C. H. Fitzgibbon, ACTU, appointed member of EPAC (CR 8/28, p. 1031)

Ms Jennie George, ACTU, appointed to National Women's Consultative Council (CR 9/24, p. 1075)

Ms Beryl Ashe, ACTU, appointed to National Women's Consultative Council (CR 9/ 24, p. 1075)

Ms Anne Forward, ACOA, appointed to working party on affirmative action (CR 9/ 24, p. 1075)

(and another representative of the ACTU to be named to the same group)

Jobs for staffers and friends

The list so far includes:

Mr Phillip Adams, prominent ALP supporter, appointed chairman of the Australian Film Commission (CR 8/38, p. 1559)

Mr John Shaw of Lionel Bowen's staff appointed to the National Media Liaison Service (H. of R. Hansard, 7/12/83)

Mr Tony Ferguson of John Button's staff appointed to Ministerial Media Group (H . of R. Hansard, 7/12/83)

Mr D. Atkins of Senator Bolkus' staff appointed to Ministerial Media Group (H. of R. Hansard, 7/12/83)

Ms L. Hornsey of Senator Coates' staff appointed to Ministerial Media Group (H. of R. Hansard, 7/12/83)

Ms J. McDonald of the ALP (Queensland) Secretariat appointed to Ministerial Media Group (H. of R. Hansard, 7/12/83)

Mr G. A. 'Jim' Bayutti, friend of Lionel Bowen, appointed to special consultant in trade matters (Bulletin, 21/2/84)

Mr T. G. Pilavachi, friend of Lionel Bowen, appointed to special consultant in trade matters (Bulletin, 21/2/84)

Mr J. Doueihi, friend of Lionel Bowen, appointed to special market advisor specialising in the Middle East (Bulletin, 21/2/84)

Mr Dennis Argall, formerly adviser to Lionel Bowen, is the new Ambassador to China (Canberra Times, 17/2/84)

Mr Peter Wilenski, former Whitlam aide, appointed Chairman of the Public Service Board following a period as Secretary of Department of EYA (CR 8/43, p. 1804)

Mrs Cynthia Menadue, wife of former Whitlam staffer, John Menadue, appointed to the Australia-Japan Foundation (CR 8/24, p. 808)

Mr John Menadue, former Whitlam staffer, appointed as Secretary, Special Minister of State (CR 8/12, p. 357)

Mr Richard Butler, former Whitlam aide, appointed Ambassador for Disarmament ( Australian, 8/7/83)

Mr Bill Butler, one time business acquaintance of Richard Farmer, and chairman of Government staff selection panel, appointed consultant to Department of Finance at the Deputy Secretary level (National Times, 9-15/3/84)

Mr Ian Temby, QC, former ALP candidate in Nedlands (WA) appointed special prosecutor (see Evans/Young Press Release 17/2/84 and Australian 15/3/82)

Minister Barry Cohen failed to have Minister John Brown's wife appointed to the Board of the Film and Television School but succeeded in having his son appointed as secretary of a delegation of Labor Parliamentarians to Israel ( Canberra Times, 11/1/84 and SMH 15/9/83)

Mr T. Connolly, former President of Young Labor in 1979, appointed to Board of Directors of Bicentennial Authority (CR 8/36, p. 1443)

Mr I. Hodgson, ACTU, appointed to Advisory Committee on Prices and Incomes (CR 8/43, p. 1779)

Mr B. Unsworth, ACTU, appointed to Advisory Committee on Prices and Incomes (CR 8/43, p. 1780)

Mr L. Carmichael, ACTU, appointed to Advisory Committee on Prices and Incomes ( CR 8/43, p. 1780)

Mr R. Overall, research officer, ACTU, reappointed to Bureau of Labour Market Research Advisory Council (CR 8/43, p. 1781)

Mr P. L. Neilsen, reappointed as employee's representative on Australian Wheat Board (CR 8/43, p. 1803)

Mr C. McDonald, ACT Trades and Labour Council, appointed to ACT Schools Authority (CR 8/47, p. 2029)

Mr C. Fitzgibbon, former vice president of ACTU, appointed to Steel Industry Authority (CR 8/49, p. 2181)

Mr Charlie Fitzgibbon, formerly with the ACTU, appointed as a member of Reserve Bank (CR 8/49, p. 2220)

Mr Cliff Dolan, ACTU, appointed to National Population Council (Hansard, Representatives, 7/6/84, p. 3071)

Mr Alan Matheson, ACTU research officer, appointed to National Population Council (Hansard, Representatives, 7/6/84, p. 307)

Mr Greg Zakharoff, of ACT Trades and Labour Council, appointed to ACTION liaison body on bus services (CR 9/22, p. 1041)

Mr Robert Dougall, of ACT Trades and Labour Council, appointed to ACTION liaison body on bus services (CR 9/22, p. 1041)

Mr Ted Wilshire, national research officer with AMFSU, was appointed director of a unit in Department of Trade to develop consultations with unions, etc. ( Canberra Times 28/2/84-note that Wilshire was also seconded to Lionel Bowen's office for 12 months in 1981)

Mr Len Townsend, Federal Secretary of the Vehicle Builders Employees' Federation, appointed to Prices Surveillance Authority (Age, 1/3/84)

Mr T. Johnson, National Assistance Secretary ETU, appointed to committee on computer-assisted industry (CR 9/13, p. 496)

Mr Fred Peterson, secretary of Clothing and Allied Trades Union, appointed deputy secretary to the Australian Manufacturing Council (CR 9/13, p.495)

Mr L. Carmichael, AMFSU, appointed to Australian Manufacturing Council (CR 9/13 , p. 496)

Mr Ken Baxter, former adviser to Senator Ken Wriedt, appointed a member of the Australian Egg Board (CR 8/40, p. 1681)

Mr Daniel O'Farrell, on the staff of the Victorian Minister for Youth, Sport and Recreation, appointed as a member of the Film Censorship Board (CR 9/19, p. 818)

Mr Gary Simpson, a friend of Barry Cohen, appointed to the theatre board of the Australia Council (Bulletin, 17/4/84)

Mr Emmanuel Klein, on the staff of John Brown, has been appointed by Brown as a judge in a national tourism competition (CR 9/21, p. 895)

Mr Darcy McGaurr, former adviser to Lance Barnard and to Premier Doug Lowe, has been appointed Secretary of the Department of Special Minister of State ( Canberra Times, 2/3/84)

Mrs Hazel Hawke has been appointed to the Board of the Children's Television Foundation (CR 9/18, p. 787) as an invited member

Professor Di Yerbury, formerly protege of Clyde Cameron, appointed to Universities Council and to Australia Council (Senate Hansard, 2/3/84 and Canberra Times, 1/7/84)

Mr David Hill, Chairman of NSW State Rail Authority (and formerly on Mr Wran's staff) appointed to Board of TAA (Australian, 20/6/84)

Assistance with Business Associates

The Hawke Government is using Forbes Macfie Hansen as its agency to launch Medicare, a $980,000 campaign. (B & T Advertising Marketing and Media Weekly, 16 /12/83) This agency also services the ALP in election campaigns

ANOP is the agency used by the ALP for both regular and campaign polling, and ANOP's head, Mr Rod Cameron, has privileged and structured access to ALP Federal Executive meetings.

The Hawke Government used ANOP to conduct survey research on health insurance prior to the advertising campaign on Medicare. (Australian 23/1/84). As revealed in Senate Estimates' Committee hearings in May 1984, ANOP has also been involved as follows: survey on attitudes towards government programmes and school funding ($155,000)

survey on attitudes in Tasmania over the Franklin dam issue ($74,000)

attitudes of youth ($85,000)

survey on referendum issues (amount not known). See Senate Hansard, 9/5/84, pp. 362-3)


Senator TOWNLEY —I do not for a moment say that all the people who are named in this document and who have been appointed to different positions since this Government came to office are not worthy of those appointments. Many of them are very competent. As an example, I name an ex-Senator, Mr Justice Merv Everett, who is now the President of the Inter-State Commission. We discussed the annual report of the Commission in the Senate earlier today. Although I am not on the same side of the political fence as him, I have a great regard for him and I realise that he will handle that position of President of the Inter-State Commission in a very sensible way. But I do suggest to those people who look through this list that it may well be that some of the people are not worthy of the positions to which they have been appointed. I wonder whether they will bring any benefit to this country by their appointments to the positions that are named.

I have no idea whether the positions are filled at this stage and I have no idea whether they are paid or honorary positions. But I still ask: Are these the most competent people we could have got for some of the positions, or is it in fact a situation like we saw in Canada earlier this year, where we are appointing people who have resigned from Parliament, who were beaten at the election or who were union representatives-people like that? Even up until July- I intend to get this document updated from July onwards-80 appointments to various boards and authorities were filled by the Labor Government and they went to union officials. A further 17 jobs for the boys and girls had gone to former Labor politicians or Party presidents. Mr Gough Whitlam's appointment was one of those. I do not for a moment question that as he is a man of great ability. But I do not know whether Mr Neil Batt's appointment as Chairman of the Commonwealth Serum Laboratories Commission is really going to be of much benefit to this country. I would have thought it would have been much better to have found somebody with a technical background rather than a person who happened to be an ex-President of the Australian Labor Party.

I think we all remember that the Prime Minister (Mr Hawke) in his policy speech , said:

Labor in office will be committed . . . to cutting away extravagance and self indulgence in public office.

I am not sure that that is happening. I suggest that this list deserves some very thorough examination. It is a worrying list because I do not think the public likes jobs for the boys at all. I am not saying for a moment that it has happened only since Labor has been in power. But I am saying quite strongly that I do not believe the people of Australia like the idea of cronies or people who work for the Government or who by some chance the Government is able to fit into a position, being appointed to positions such as those that are in this list which I have incorporated. Years ago Mr Grattan O'Leary in Canada wrote that the 'pork-barrel', as it is called:

dispensed with equal rapacity by all parties and governments since Confederation . . . has been the chief source of whatever corruption has degraded our public life.

That is what worries me about these appointments. Once a person is beholden to a government due to an appointment, that government is able to insist that that person act in a certain way, albeit not by directly telling him to do something but just by the pressure that it is able to exert on that person because of the situation. As I said a moment ago, there can be no doubt that on some occasions party politics and appointments to public service can and do mix. But if, in the short time that the Labor Party has been in power, it has been able to appoint all these people to all these positions, and some of them to several positions- as I said, I do not know whether they are paid or honorary but I am going to find out-I hate to think what they are going to do after the next election. There are a lot of things that I am worried about after the next election, and that is one of them.


Senator Gareth Evans —I am glad of the assumption that you are going to lose.


Senator TOWNLEY —No, no. It could well be that many people will be seeking appointment after the next election when they lose. I do not mean Liberal Party people. I do not like the idea of people being appointed to positions because they are friends of a Minister, of the Prime Minister or of somebody for whom they were working in an office, or something like that. There is no room in the Australian system for giving a job to a person unless that person is the best possible person for that position. The only people I will have working for me, and have always had working for me, are those that I feel are best able to work in the position that I have available to be filled.

How much more important this is when it becomes a public position. If I lose money out of my pocket by appointing somebody to do a certain job for me, it is my money that I lose. But when it becomes the public's money, the taxpayers' money, I believe that the taxpayer has a right to examine what is being done, to be informed of what is being done and if necessary to take action to see that it is stopped.