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Monday, 27 February 2012
Page: 2024

Asylum Seekers

(Question No. 729)


Mr Morrison asked the Minister for Immigration and Citizenship, in writing, on 17 November 2011:

(1) In the calendar years (a) 2008, (b) 2009, (c) 2010, and (d) 2011 (to date), how many asylum seekers have arrived annually by (i) sea, and (ii) conventional means including air.

(2) For the same period, how many asylum seekers who arrived annually by (a) sea, and (b) conventional means including air, have been approved as refugees and from which source countries have they come; and by origin, how many (i) have been refused at primary level, (ii) have been refused at review, (iii) are in the court system, (iv) have been rejected at all levels of appeal, (v) have been removed from Australia, (vi) remain in detention, and (vii) have been released on visas, and which visas have they been given.


Mr Bowen: The answer to the honourable member's question is as follows:

Program year statistics for Irregular Maritime Arrivals (IMA) and non-IMA asylum seekers are collated and published annually and quarterly. Calendar year information may be derived from the tables in the quarterly publication.

The publications contain:

in answer to question (1), the number of requests for protection by IMA and non-IMA asylum seekers separately; and

in answer to question (2), the number of Protection visas granted, the number refusals at the primary stage, outcomes at merits review, and the number of final refusals (primary and review processes completed) in total and by country of citizenship for IMA and non-IMA asylum seekers separately.

The publications are available on the DIAC website at:

www.immi.gov.au/media/publications/statistics/asylum/

www.immi.gov.au/media/publications/statistics/asylum/_files/asylum-trends-aus-annual-2010-11.pdf

The answers to the other elements of question (2) are set out below.

Judicial Review

According to the Department's Legal Information System (LIS) database the numbers of IMA and non-IMA asylum seekers who sought judicial review during the past three program years are:

IMA asylum seekers who sought judicial review

Nationality*

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

Afghan

-

-

66

Bangladeshi

-

-

2

Iranian

-

-

7

Iraqi

-

-

14

Pakistani

-

1

1

Sri Lankan

-

18

50

Stateless

-

-

8

Vietnamese

-

-

8

Total

-

19

156

* Nationality is as recorded at the time an application for judicial review was created and may differ from citizenship as currently recorded in departmental systems.

Non-IMA asylum seekers who sought judicial review

Nationality*

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

 

 

 

 

Afghan

0

0

12

Albanian

5

..

..

Bangladeshi

155

102

76

Chinese

721

414

341

Colombian

6

0

..

Egyptian

10

..

13

Fijian

20

26

59

Ghanaian

6

..

7

Indian

675

543

301

Indonesian

53

14

39

Iranian

6

..

..

Iraqi

8

6

0

Jordanian

..

8

8

Kenyan

6

..

..

Korean

39

..

..

Lebanese

44

30

18

Malaysian

22

12

29

Nepalese

37

22

44

Nigerian

7

18

9

North Korean

0

0

10

Pakistani

90

44

52

Peruvian

0

5

0

South Korean

11

5

8

Sri Lankan

57

60

31

Thai

7

..

..

Ukrainian

6

..

..

Vietnamese

8

5

..

Zimbabwean

..

..

5

Other

84

77

76

Total

2,083

1,391

1,138

* Nationality is as recorded at the time an application for judicial review was created and may differ from citizenship as currently recorded in departmental systems.

Asylum figures (non-IMA) for particular citizenships or nationalities that total less than five are not released.

Removals

The numbers of IMA and non-IMA asylum seekers (i.e. excluding those who were screened out of a refugee status determination process) who were removed, voluntarily and involuntarily, during the past three program years are:

IMA asylum seekers who were removed

Citizenship

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

Sri Lanka

7

74

0

Afghanistan

0

1

5

Iran

0

2

39

Iraq

0

0

8

India

0

1

0

United Kingdom

0

1

0

Vietnam

0

0

1

Indonesia

0

2

0

Total

7

81

53

Source: DIAC Systems

Non-IMA asylum seekers who were removed after final determination

Citizenship

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

Bangladesh

7

10

5

China

71

136

193

Fiji

0

9

26

India

34

11

33

Indonesia

17

26

30

Lebanon

0

5

0

Malaysia

29

46

27

Nigeria

0

5

0

Nepal

0

0

5

New Zealand

0

0

7

Pakistan

0

5

11

Philippines

0

5

5

South Korea

6

12

5

Sri Lanka

0

5

8

Vietnam

6

0

5

All other citizenships

49

49

48

Total

219

324

408

Source: DIAC Systems.

Detention

The numbers of IMA and non-IMA asylum seekers who were in detention, including in community detention arrangements, at the end of each of the past three program years are:

IMA asylum seekers who were in detention

Citizenship

2008-09

as at 30-Jun-09

2009-10

as at 30-Jun-10

2010-11

as at 30-Jun-11

Afghanistan

394

1915

1897

Iran

15

281

1504

Sri Lanka

279

673

728

Iraq

38

265

457

Indonesia

12

197

361

Other

44

536

1120

Total

782

3867

6067

Source: DIAC Systems

Non-IMA asylum seekers who were in detention

Citizenship

2008-09

as at 30-Jun-09

2009-10

as at 30-Jun-10

2010-11

as at 30-Jun-11

China, Peoples Republic of

90

80

92

Malaysia

8

5

21

Vietnam

9

8

20

India

..

8

17

Sri Lanka

16

9

22

Other

129

100

164

Total

254

210

336

Source: DIAC Systems.

Asylum figures (non-IMA) for particular citizenships or nationalities that total less than five are not released.

In process visa classes

The numbers of IMA and non-IMA asylum seekers in process and not in detention at the end of each of the past three program years by visa sub-class are:

IMA asylum seekers in process and not in detention

Citizenship

2008-09

 

 

Total

- *

- *

0

Source: DIAC Systems

* No data available for 30 June 2009 or 30 June 2010

Non-IMA asylum seekers in process and not in detention

In general, non-IMA asylum seekers are not detained but are placed on bridging visas if their substantive visa has expired.

The tables below set out non-IMA asylum seekers by class of visa and processing stage and by citizenship at the end of the program years 2008-09, 2009-10 and 2010-11.

Non-IMA asylum seekers whose application had not been finally determined at the end of 2008-09 by Protection visa status and visa

Visa class held in effect

Onhand Primary

In Review Window

Onhand Review

Remitted Awaiting Decision

Total

 

 

Bridging Visa A

405

68

407

74

954

 

 

Bridging Visa B

2

0

1

0

3

 

 

Bridging Visa C

209

47

122

24

402

 

 

Bridging Visa E

152

30

126

44

352

 

 

Bridging Visa R

0

0

1

0

1

 

 

Other visa

574

30

123

21

748

 

 

In detention

38

1

42

1

82

 

 

Total

1380

176

822

164

2542

 

 

Source: ICSE data extracted 3 July 2009

Non-IMA asylum seekers whose application had not been finally determined at the end of 2009-10 by Protection visa status and visa

Visa class held in effect

Onhand Primary

In Review Window

Onhand Review

Remitted Awaiting Decision

Total

 

 

Bridging Visa A

1009

132

469

108

1718

 

 

Bridging Visa B

10

0

6

0

16

 

 

Bridging Visa C

343

61

191

25

620

 

 

Bridging Visa E

251

38

150

44

483

 

 

Bridging Visa R

1

0

0

0

1

 

 

Other visa

837

44

105

32

1018

 

 

In detention

43

3

26

6

78

 

 

Total

2494

278

947

215

3934

 

 

Source: ICSE data extracted 2 July 2010

Non-IMA asylum seekers whose application had not been finally determined at the end of 2010-11 by Protection visa status and visa

Visa class held in effect

Onhand Primary

In Review Window

Onhand Review

Remitted Awaiting Decision

Total

 

 

Bridging Visa A

1183

146

727

131

2187

 

 

Bridging Visa B

21

1

7

1

30

 

 

Bridging Visa C

535

70

368

51

1024

 

 

Bridging Visa E

306

60

218

52

636

 

 

Bridging Visa R

1

0

0

0

1

 

 

Other visa

811

63

150

51

1075

 

 

In detention

44

0

28

11

83

 

 

Total

2901

340

1498

297

5036

 

 

Source: ICSE data extracted 1 July 2011

Non-IMA asylum seekers whose application had not been finally determined at the end of each program year by citizenship

Citizenship

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

China (PRC)

554

703

722

Pakistan

95

204

475

India

178

210

399

Egypt

66

162

342

Sri Lanka

223

302

312

Fiji

74

395

241

Iran

84

245

231

Iraq

90

116

199

Nepal

22

78

185

Zimbabwe

147

206

171

Other

927

1235

1676

Total

2460

3856

4953

Source: ICSE data extracted 3 July 2009, 2 July 2010 and 1 July 2011