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Thursday, 30 April 1987
Page: 2399

(Question No. 4702)


Mr Tickner asked the Minister for Foreign Affairs, upon notice, on 7 October:

(1) What (a) bilateral and (b) components of multilateral aid from Australia have gone to (i) Bangladesh, (ii) Hong Kong, (iii) Ethiopia, (iv) Sudan and (v) Egypt in (A) 1981-82 and (B) 1985-86.

(2) What were the proportions (a) allocated and (b) confirmed as expended on (i) relief of need and local community controlled projects and (ii) military and industrial projects in each case.


Mr Hayden —The answer to the honourable member's question is as follows:

1 (a) The bilateral aid provided (including food aid provided bilaterally) was:

Country

1981-82

1985-86

$'000

$'000

Bangladesh ...

26,055

14,012

Hong Kong ...

72*

11,920

Ethiopia ...

6,033

15,967

Sudan ...

4,938

161

Egypt ...

6,545

9,332

*NB: Whereas only students sponsored under the aid program were included in 1981-82, part of the cost of educating all students from developing countries in Australia was included in Australia's Official Development Assistance (ODA) in 1985-86.

1 (b) Funds contributed through an international agency, but earmarked for a particular recipient country, are not multilateral but rather bilateral and are included in the figures at 1 (a) above. The OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by whose aid reporting guidelines Australia abides, defines multilateral aid as those funds which are contributed to an international organisation for ODA purposes and which become an integral part of the organisation's financial assets, thus losing their identity.

The great bulk of Australia's assistance to multilateral agencies is not earmarked and accordingly its recipients are not specifically identifiable. It is, however, possible to calculate an imputed level of Australian assistance to a particular country through such agencies. To do so, Australia's contribution to the total unearmarked budget of each agency is determined as a percentage figure. That percentage of the agency's total assistance to each country gives the imputed level of Australian assistance through the agency.

The following figures set out such imputed levels of assistance through the main multilateral agencies. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the Asian Development Fund (ADF) have financial years coincident with the calendar year, so it has not been possible to provide figures in terms of the Australian financial year, although a rough estimate could be made by taking the average of the two relevant calendar years. Accurate 1986 figures are not yet available, however, for UNDP or UNHCR.

The figures for ADF and the International Development Association (IDA) represent the imputed Australian component of loans approved in US dollars, converted to Australian dollars at the average exchange rate for the calendar or financial year in question. The figures for the World Food Programme (WFP) represent the value of various food aid commodities converted to Australian dollars. As WFP operates and reports on a biennial basis, the financial year figure is only notional, representing half the biennial figure.

Figures have not been provided for imputed contributions through other smaller multilateral organisations because of the time involved and the dubious accuracy and relevance of such figures when small amounts are involved.

IMPUTED LEVELS OF AUSTRALIAN ASSISTANCE THROUGH THE MAJOR MULTILATERAL AGENCIES

('000)

1981

1981-82

1982

1985

1985-86

1986

Bangladesh-

UNDP...

234

396

623

n.a.

UNHCR...

-

21

1

n.a.

IDA...

6,970

14,190

ADF...

8,540

11,300

18,630

7,880

WFP...

1,870

1,180

Hong Kong-

UNDP...

3

1

1

n.a.

UNHCR...

516

186

72

n.a.

IDA...

0

0

ADF...

0

0

0

0

WFP...

0

0

Ethiopia-

UNDP...

90

275

300

n.a.

UNHCR...

465

180

397

n.a.

IDA...

540

2,070

ADF...

0

0

0

0

WFP...

910

1,190

Sudan-

UNDP...

115

185

61

n.a.

UNHCR...

1,243

897

1,916

n.a.

IDA...

1,000

1,920

ADF...

0

0

0

0

WFP...

760

580

Egypt-

UNDP...

94

156

95

n.a.

UNHCR...

135

108

36

n.a.

IDA...

0

0

ADF...

0

0

0

0

WFP...

2,700

2,210

2 (i) Amounts provided bilaterally for specific purposes are:

Relief of Need

Emergency Relief

(including

food aid)

1981-82

1985-86

Local Community

Controlled

Projects (NGOs)

1981-82

1985-86

Industrially

Related

Projects

1981-82

1985-86

$'000

$'000

$'000

$'000

$'000

$'000

Bangladesh...

17,208

9,112

254

339

97

-

Hong Kong...

-

-

-

2

-

-

Ethiopia...

5,352

14,737

71

650

-

27

Sudan...

4,891

3,324

5

121

-

-

Egypt...

6,257

8,349

46

13

-

-

As regards multilateral aid, it is not possible, without extensive project-by-project research, to provide breakdowns of components of annual program expenditure.

2 (ii) Military aid is not included within Australia's official development assistance. It falls within the responsibility of the Minister for Defence. Figures for industrial projects are provided under 2 (i) above.