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Friday, 28 November 1986
Page: 4068

(Question No. 4828)


Mr Tickner asked the Minister representing the Minister for Resources and Energy, upon notice, on 21 October 1986:

Are there nuclear research reactors, similar to the HIFAR nuclear reactor of the Australian Atomic Energy Commission, operating in other parts of the world; if so, for each reactor (a) where is it located, (b) under whose control is it, (c) how far is it from the closest residential area and (d) when was it commissioned.


Mr Barry Jones —The Minister for Resources and Energy has provided the following answer to the honourable member's question:

In addition to HIFAR, there are 4 other DIDO class research reactors. The information sought for each of these reactors is set out below:

(a)

(b)

(c)

Location

Operator

Date of

initial

criticality*

DIDO

Harwell,

United

Kingdom

UK

Atomic

Energy

Authority

November 1956

Pluto

Harwell,

United

Kingdom

UK

Atomic

Energy

Authority

November 1957

FRJ-2

Julich,

Federal

Republic

of

Germany

Kernforschung-

sanlage

(KFA)

November 1962

DR-3

Riso,

Denmark

Riso

National

Laboratory

January 1960

* HIFAR first went critical in January 1958.

(c) There are no land restrictions around the three overseas sites. These research reactors are in rural or semi-rural areas used for dairy and crop production but also having the significant population densities characteristic of Europe.

In 1981, 360 people resided within 1.6 km of the DIDO and Pluto reactors, 6 500 within 4.8 km and 50 000 within 9.6 km. Oxford (population 125 000) is 20 km away from the reactors. For FRJ-2, Julich (population 13 000) is 5 km away, Aachen (250 000) 25 km and Cologne (1 million) 40 km. For DR-3, Roskilde (population 50 000) is 5 km away and central Copenhagen (1.2 million) 30 km.