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Friday, 28 November 1986
Page: 4031

(Question No. 4451)


Mr Mildren asked the Minister for Employment and Industrial Relations, upon notice, on 21 August 1986:

(1) In each of the years 1982-83 to 1985-86 what percentage of the workforce was employed in (a) the Commonwealth public sector, (b) the State Government sector, (c) the local government sector and (d) the private sector.

(2) What percentage of the jobs created by the Government since coming to office was created in each of these sectors in each of these years.


Mr Willis —The answer to the honourable member's question is as follows:

(1) The composition of employment by government and private sector is only available from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) quarterly Survey of Employment and Earnings (Cat. No. 6248.0) which was introduced in the September quarter 1983. The survey obtains information from employers on the number of wage and salary earners employed each month. The employed wage and salary earners series excludes self-employed persons, members of the Australian permanent defence force, employees based outside Australia, private households employing staff, and enterprises engaged in agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting. The following table shows, where available, the proportion of employment by sector. Data are not available for 1982-83.

PROPORTION OF WAGE AND SALARY EARNERS BY SECTOR, AUSTRALIA, 1983-84 TO 1985-86

Sector

Year

1983-84

1984-85

1985-86

(i)

%

%

%

(a) Commonwealth

government (ii) ...

8.2

8.1

7.9

(b) State government ...

21.2

20.8

20.5

(c) Local government ...

2.9

2.9

2.8

(d) Private ...

67.7

68.2

68.8

Total ...

100.0

100.0

100.0

(i) Commonwealth government employment includes temporary Population Census employees (40,700 persons) for the June quarter 1986. By excluding these temporary employees from the Commonwealth government sector, the proportion of Commonwealth government wage and salary earners declines by 0.05 per cent).

(ii) Commonwealth government employees include persons employed in government departments, agencies and authorities created by or reporting to the Commonwealth Parliament. Those bodies run jointly by Commonwealth and State governments are classified as belonging to the Commonwealth government sector.

(2) At the June quarter 1986 (latest data available), 1,749,200 (includes 40,700 temporary Population Census employees) wage and salary earners were employed in the public sector and 3,852,300 in the private sector. Between the September quarter 1983 (earliest data available) and the June quarter 1986 the number of wage and salary earners employed in the public sector increased by 110,900 (6.8 per cent) while the number of private sector wage and salary earners increased by 414,600 (12.1 per cent). The following table shows for 1984-85 and 1985-86 the share by sector of the increase in the number of employed wage and salary earners compared with the previous year. Since the series only commenced in September 1983, this information is not available for 1982-83 and 1983-84. EMPLOYMENT GROWTH BY SECTOR, AUSTRALIA 1984-85 TO 1985-86

Sector

Year

1984-85

1985-86

(i)

%

%

(a) Commonwealth

government ...

5.7

4.0

(b) State government ...

10.3

11.5

(c) Local government ...

3.1

0.9

(d) Private ...

80.9

83.6

Total ...

100.0

100.0

(i) Commonwealth government employment includes temporary Population Census employees (40,700 persons) for the June quarter 1986. By excluding these temporary employees from the Commonwealth government sector, the employment growth by sector would be Commonwealth government (2.6 per cent), State government (11.7 per cent), local government (0.9 per cent) and private (84.8 per cent).