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Tuesday, 11 October 1983
Page: 1604

Question No. 11


Dr Klugman asked the Treasurer, upon notice, on 3 May 1983:

(1) What estimates are available for the proportion of (a) females and (b) males aged over (i) 60 and (ii) 65 years in the Australian population in (A) 1950, (B) 1960, (C) 1970, (D) 1980, (E) 1990, (F) 2000, (G) 2010 and (H) 2020.

(2) What were the labour force participation rates for (a) females and (b) males aged (i) 50, (ii) 55, (iii) 60, (iv) 62, (v) 65 and (vi) 70 years in (A) 1966, (B) 1971, (C) 1976 and (D) 1981, and what are the latest available figures .

(3) What proportions of (a) Commonwealth and (b) State expenditures are estimated to be spent on persons aged over (i) 60 and (ii) 65 years, including such areas as (A) direct payments, (B) taxation (including superannuation and insurance) benefits, (C) health care and (D) housing costs subsidy rates.


Mr Keating —The answer to the honourable member's question is as follows:

The answer to Parts (1) and (2) of the honourable member's question is provided in the following tables which have been compiled by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The age groupings shown in the tables are the closest equivalent to those specified in the question for which information is readily available.

The information sought in Part (3) of the question is not available.

Table 1

PROPORTION OF FEMALES AND MALES AGED 60 AND OVER AND 65 AND OVER, AUSTRALIA, 1950-1980(a)

Age

1950 1960 1970 1980

60 and over-

Females 6.63 6.84 6.84 7.66 Males 5.84 5.49 5.40 5.98

65 and over-

Females 4.41 4.83 4.85 5.57 Males 3.71 3.68 3.49 4.05

(a) Figures for 1950 and 1960 are based on population estimates which exclude Aboriginals.

Table 2

PROJECTIONS OF THE PROPORTION OF FEMALES AND MALES AGED 60 AND OVER AND 65 AND OVER, AUSTRALIA, 1990-2020(a)

Age

1990 2000 2010 2020

60 and over-

Females 8.58 8.77 9.93 11.64 Males 6.66 6.60 7.44 8.63

65 and over-

Females 6.45 6.79 7.24 8.74 Males 4.61 4.72 4.92 5.93

(a) These projections are based on the following assumptions with respect to the population as a whole: (i) a net overseas migration gain of 125,000 persons a year; (ii) fertility remaining constant at a net reproduction rate of 0.9 per cent a year from 1987; (iii) mortality rate continuing to decline to 2021.

Table 3

LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION RATES OF FEMALES AND MALES IN SELECTED AGE GROUPS, AUSTRALIA, 1966-1981(a)

Age

1966 1971 1976 1981

50-54-

Females 32.7 36.5 46.2 46.3 Males 94.7 92.0 91.9 89.4

55-59-

Females 27.2 28.3 35.2 32.9 Males 91.2 88.4 86.6 81.3

60-64-

Females 16.6 16.0 18.2 15.5 Males 79.5 75.7 68.4 53.2

65-69-

Females 8.4 7.7 9.1 7.3 Males 39.8 34.9 25.0 17.3

70 and over-

Females 3.2 2.5 3.1 3.7 Males 15.5 13.4 11.1 8.9

(a) Figures derived from population censuses.

Table 4

LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION RATES OF FEMALES AND MALES IN SELECTED AGE GROUPS, AUSTRALIA, MARCH 1983(a)

Age

45-54-

Females 48.0 Males 90.9

55-59-

Females 31.0 Males 78.1

60-64-

Females 12.0 Males 46.8

65-69-

Females 4.1 Males 15.0

70 and over-

Females 1.7 Males 5.5

(a) Figures derived from monthly population survey: not comparable with figures derived from population censuses in Table 3.